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Full text of "The military annals of Tennessee. Confederate. First series: embracing a review of military operations, with regimental histories and memorial rolls"

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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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3 1833 01085 6331 



THE 



Military Annals of Temessee. 



CONFEDERATE. 



v. a. 



FIRST SERIES: 



EMBRACING 



A REVIEW OF MILITARY OPERATIONS. 



WITH 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Roils, 



COMPILED FROM ORIGINAL AND OFFICIAL SOURCES, 



AND EDITED BY 

JOHN BERRIEN UNDSLEY, M.D., D.D, 



Printed for Subscribers. 



NASHVILLE: 
J. M. LINDSLEY & CO., PUBLISHERS. 
25 South Eighth Street. 
lg&6. 

iCTROTYPED AND PRINTED AT THE SOUTHERN METHODIST POBLSSHJJJg_gOO« 



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450 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



being sick from the miserable water we had to drink from the lagoons, the low 

lands we occupied, and poor rations. The sieges of Port Hudson and Yieksburg 
were being pressed with great vigor by the Federal fleet and army. We could 
hear the roar of artillery day and night at Vieksburg, and were in hourly expec- 
tation of the surrender of Port Hudson and of being ordered to theaid of Yieksburg. 
The surrender occurred July 4. and the night before preparations were made for our 
retreat at daylight, as the besieging army was then at liberty to pay attention to us. 
The retreat continued in good order I for no General ever equaled Joseph E. John- 
ston in a retreat) till we readied Jackson, where he had prepared to make a stand. 
Earth-works were thrown up, artillery was placed in position, and every pos- 
sible arrangement was made for a fight. The siege lasted about one week, 
the enemy being repulsed in every assault, but the disparity of numbers and 
nature of the country forbade a regular siege, as there was no obstacle to their 
marching to our rear. Gen. Johnston therefore withdrew to Meridian, and the 
Federal army to Yieksburg. Considering that we were under fire so long, our 
loss was light, as we fought from our earth-works, always repulsing the enemy with 
heavy loss. 

Our brigade went into camp at Enterprise, and remained there drilling till 
about September 10th, when we were ordered to the aid of Gen. Bragg, who was 
falling back from Chattanooga. In a railroad accident at Cartersville, Oa., the 
brigade lost some seventy-five killed and wounded — the loss falling mostly on the 
Fiftieth Tennessee and Colms's Battalion. We arrived at Ringgold the evening of 
September 17th, and before going into camp we were ordered out to meet a raid of 
. Federal cavalry; but they soon retired, and we went into camp with orders to cook 
three days rations, furnish each man with sixty rounds of ammunition, an i be 
prepared to march at a minute's notice. At sunrise of the ISth our brigade was 
ordered to march to the front, and on passing through Ringgold the cavalry was 
| hastily sent forward to meet the Federal cavalry, and we followed immediately 

after them. Our cavalry drove back those first met, but it was soon ascertained 
that the cavalry of the entire Federal army was in our front and estimated to be 
at least ten thousand. Thereupon five brigades of infantry were placed in line 
of battle, with a skirmish line in front, and with all our cavalry under Gens. 
AV heeler and Forrest formed on our wings, a forward march was ordered; then 



I 

from 10 A.M. till dark we moved forward through woods, creeks, and field-, con- 
stantly skirmishing or lighting with the Federal cavalry, but all the time driving 
them back and preventing them from thinking us. Twice during the evening they 
went into camp, but each time we drove them out with a charge, and just at dark we 
forced them back to their infantry supports, where the battle of Chickamauga com- 
menced, September 10, 1863. We bivouacked on our arms without fires, as the 
* Federal army was in front of us and moving into position all night, and we 
were momentarily expecting an attack. It was intensely cold for the season, and 
next morning showed us a heavy white frost; and the entire army of Roseerans 
was in our immediate front and ready for battle. Both armies were getting in 
line and maneuvering for position till about 1 p.m., when the battle opened upon the 
extreme right, and then extended, toward the center. The battle was a stubb >rn 
one and very fierce, but finally the Confederates succeeded in driving the Federal 
forces; and to counteract this the Federals, about '4 r\>r.. made a furious a:t:.ck 
on our left wing. Gregg's brigade occupied the extreme left, Suggs's Fiftieth 



1707599 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 451 



Tennessee Regiment occupied the left of the brigade, and the Thirtieth and Tenth 
Tennessee regiments next. Our skirmish line was being driven in very rapidly, 
and I was ordered by Gen. Gregg to go forward and find out the cause of this. 
I could not get any thing out of the pickets or rally them as they rushed ;»:i^t rae 
so I stopped and took a peep through the thick young pines, and in fifty yards 
of me two lines of Federals were rapidly advancing. Just as I turned to retreat 
I was shot nearly through my right breast by a Minie-ball, but succeeded in reach- 
ing our lines before falling. 

The left of the army was commanded by Gen. Hood. Our forces were drawn up 
in two lines, and just as I reached my brigade both sides opened at close range 
with an earnestness and deadly furor that I have never seen equaled. In a few 
minutes one-third of our brigade had been shot down in their tracks, either killed 
or wounded. They were too brave to retreat, and would not advance until or- 
dered; but finally the second line was pushed forward to aid us, and both lines 
charged the enemy, driving them some distance. The enemy were reenforced, 
and our men returned, re-formed, and again drove them. At this point I was 
carried back to Chickamauga Creek, received surgical aid, and remained there till 
Sunday evening, when I was sent to a hospital in Atlanta. 

During the entire evening the battle on the lt-i\ was a very severe one, bat 
without any definite result to either side. No grander or nobler example of her- 
oism was ever shown than by Gregg's brigade of Tennesseans and Texans that 
fatal Saturday evening. Not a man left his place when wounded till one-third 
had fallen in their ranks, and for three hundred yards our line was clearly marked 
by the dead and dying. The field officers of the Thirtieth all being wounded or 
absent, Capt. Douglass commanded as senior officer late Saturday evening and all 
day Sunday. On Sunday morning, Sept. 20, the battle did not commence till 10 
o'eloek; but then it opened along the entire line, and soon I could hear the 
sound of two hundred and fifty pieces of artillery and some one hundred and 
twenty-five thousand muskets until it was merged into one continuous roar, and 
no distinct discharge of artillery or musketry could be heard. 

Five division hospitals were located near where I was lying, and it seemed that 
in a short time the entire army would be back there wounded. Gradually the tir- 
ing receded toward Chattanooga. Once in awhile 1 could hear the rebel yell above 
the roar of battle; and who that has once heard it can ever forget the yell ( f 
five thousand Confederates rushing on to victory or death? Our brigade contin- 
ued in the fight till Sunday night, sometimes driving the enemy and sometimes 
being driven by superior numbers. The loss of officers killed and wounded was 
fearful. At the close of the battle the brigade was commanded by Col. SiiggSj Gen. 
Gregg having been severely wounded. Regiments were commanded by Captains, 
companies by Lieutenants and Sergeants. 

The loss of our brigade and of the Thirtieth Tennessee was one-half of those 
who entered the fight Saturday morning. The survivors all came out with new 
guns and cartridge-boxes which they had taken from the enemy, not having been 
supplied at all in two days with ammunition from our side. Gregg's brigade was 
engaged all day Sunday, and during Sunday evening charged one point six times, 
finally holding it, together with a buttery of artillery they captured. After these 
various charges, the Tenth and Thirtieth regiments had but few men not dead 
or disabled. 



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•152 MiLiTAii'i Annals of Tennessee. 



The battle was fought between Southern and Northern troops, and with a stub- 
bornness and bravery not excelled, if equaled, by any other contest of the en tin; w ar; 
and though outnumbered to some extent, our army had obtained a great and glo- 
rious victory. A Stonewall Jackson or a Bedford Forrest would have forced the 

surrender of the Federal army on Monday; but the fruits of the great victory 
were completely thrown away, and without cause. 

I was unable to return to my command till a day or so before the battle of Mis- 
sionary Ridge (November 25). When I returned I found the brigade reorganized. 
Gen. Gregg had been sent to the Army o( Virginia, where he was afterward killed 
in battle, and Col. Tyler was commanding the brigade. We were assigned to Gen. 
Bate's division. Many of the wounded had returned for duty, but many others 
had died or were maimed for life. Constant skirmishing and shelling were going 
on, and ou the 25th of November Hooker's division attacked our troops, located 
on Lookout Mountain. Our brigade was stationed a short distance from and in 
full view of tiie mountain, and with fearful interest we saw the celebrated battle 
above the clouds. Foot by foot the Federals fought up that steep and rugged 
mountain, facing death at every step. The evening was wet and murky, and 
the smoke ami clouds obscured a view of the troops; but tiie tiring and yelling 
above the clouds soon indicated that our forces were blowly retiring before supe- 
rior numbers, yet contesting every inch of ground till the top was reached, from 
which they were force;! to a rapid retreat after a contest of some five hours. This 
compelled the entire army of Gen. Bragg to give up the valley in front ot Chat- 
tanooga that night and retire to Missionary Kidge, which we did in good order 
before daylight. 

This ridge averages a height of from one hundred and fifty to two hundred feet. 
It is quite steep, and might have been easily fortified, but no orders to that erieet 
were given; and up to within an hour of the commencement of the battle offi< ers 
and men were in doubt as to whether we were to retreat or tight. From our po- 
sition on Missionary Ridge, Chattanooga, the Tennessee River, Lookout Mount- 
ain, and the valley of some miles in length and breadth, were in full view. By 
10 a.m. we could see the Federal army crossing the river and moving into posi- 
tion with the intention of a forward movement and attack. By 3 p.m. some fifty 
thousand troops were in our immediate fr^ont and marching in two lines of battle 
to the foot of the ridge, while Schofield's corps was Hanking our position oh the 
left. As soon as the Federals came n ithin range our artillery opened on them, and 
continued the tire till they reached the ridge: but the lire was not effective, owing 
to the plunging shots. The Federal army gained the foot of the ridire in goo 1 
order. As they commenced ascending, our muskets again opened tire upon them, 
but with little effect, as it was evident our troops were overshooting them to a 
great extent. 

The position occupied by my command — the Tenth and Thirtieth regiment- — 
was only a good skirmish line, and as we were heavily assaulted some three bat- 
talions and parts of regiments were stilt to our assistance. We drove the enemy 
in our front and wings tar down the ridge. I wa,s pressing them when Cant. Tur- 
ner hurried up and informed me that Day's and. Mamgault's brigades had broken 
on our left and right, and I then saw that the Federals occupied the ridge at these 
points, and were turning our own artillery on us. I ordered an immediate retreat 
to the top of the ridge. I could then see our force-, except our brigade, retreat- 



Eegiaiental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



453 



ing in great disorder, Our brigade then consisted of the Tenth, Fifteenth, Twen- 
tieth, Thirtieth, and Thirty-seventh Tennessee regiments, the Thirty-seventh 
Georgia, and Caswell's battalion of sharp-shooters. As we started to retreat from 

the ridge (Jul. Tyler was severely wounded, and i assumed command of the bri- 
gade as tiie senior officer. We it 11 back about fifteen hundred yards to where 
there was a considerable ridge, and where Gen. Bragg and staff were attempting 
to rally the army and make a stand: but he had lost the confidence of the army, 
and officers and men dashed by without heeding his commands or appeals. Our 
brigade was in good condition, and on reaching this ridge I halted it and in a few 
minutes had a line of battle formed across the road. ( Mir division commander di- 
rected me to follow on to the pontoon bridge at Chickainanga Creek, the sun then 
being nearly an hour high. Cobb's battery and a number of detached soldiers, 
numbering some five hundred, came up and fell into our line of battle. As ail 
the Generals had left and we were free to act independently, we concluded to stop 
the Federal forces at this point till darkness should arrest their advance. Cobb's 
battery opened upon the enemy vigorously, and 1 directed Major Caswell to de- 
ploy his battalion of sharp?shooters, consisting of five companies splendidly drilled 
and armed, and cover our front and feel of the encmy ; and if farced to retire to 
do so slowly and contest every inch of ground. The order was executed to the 
letter, as this command never failed to do its duty. Soon they were hotly engage..!, 
and though compelled by force of superior numbers to retreat, they did so re:y 
gradually, holding a large force in check till dark, when they fell back, and took 
position in our line. 

As soon as the Federals came in range both sides opened with great spirit. We 
had the advantage of position and full knowledge of the ground, but were cur- 
numbered by at least three to one. The Federals had advanced to close range, 
and the tiring was very severe. In the meantime the brigade was nearly out of 
ammunition, and it was quite dark, being at least an hour alter sunset. At this 
juncture Gen. Breckinridge and a part of his staff came up from the rear and in- 
quired what command it was and why remaining there. I informed him, and 
he said his entire command had been broken and were retreating, and that hear- 
ing the firing he came to it, but ordered me to retire at once, as we were sur- 
rounded on all sides except the rear 1 y overwhelming forces. I issued the order 
for a retreat, yet nothing but the darkness and our knowledge of the roads enabled 
us to get out, as some of the regiments on the right of the line came out to the 
roads in a few yards of the Federal line. 

The line of retreat was taken up in good order and without pursuit, and we 
reached Chickamauga Creek about midnight and just as they were preparing to 
remove the pontoon. Gen. Hardee had maintained his position on the right, and 
at night retreated in good order; but two-thirds of the army seemed to be disor- 
ganized and badly demoralized, and many had thrown away their guns in retreating 
the night before. At daylight the retreat continued, the Federal army pressing 
our rear, mile by mile till tiie gallant Cleburne whipped and drove them hack at 
Taylors Ividge, and the latter part of this battle being hand-to-hand. Our 
brigade remained in the rear, helping to protect it and keeping it in perfect or- 
der till the retreat ceased at Dalton. Here Bragg's army went into camp tot tiie 
winter, while the federal army occupied Chattanooga and the railroad to Ring- 
gold. Gen. Bragg was relieved in a few days, and Gen. Joseph E. Johnston as- 



454 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



sumed command. He found the army much depleted, poorly armed, equipped, and 
clothed, and badly demoralized; but with his wonderful capacity for organization 
he soon had this remedied, and by spring he had a splendid army, full of confi- 
dence in their General and his ability to win success. 

Gen. T. B. Smith relieved me of the command of the b tirade some time in De- 
cember, and I took charge of my old command, the Thirtieth and Tenth Tennessee. 

Very little of interest occurred in this many from December till May ; every ef- 
fort, however, was made to drill, discipline, and recruit the same, in which we 
were eminently successful; and the army had acquired the greatest confidence iu 
Gen. Johnston's prudence and generalship. 

During the winter the Federals made a feint or two, but on the 1st of May, 
1864, their entire army commenced a forward movement. It then numbere 1 
not less than seventy-rive thousand, while ours barely reached fifty thousand; 
and by May 4 the respective armies were confronting each other at Rocky Face 
Ridge* This wad a strong position and well fortified; and though a number of 
small engagements occurred, yet we repulsed the enemy at all points. Our bri- 
gade occupied a position to the left of the road and reaching to the summit of the 
ridge, and was under fire several times, losing a few men from the artillery — one 
shell bursting in quite a crowd of the Tenth and Thirtieth regiments, killing and 
wounding some ten men. As the Federals could not drive us from our position 
after trying for a number of days, Gen. Sherman commenced flanking it on the 
left, which maneuver Gen. Johnston met by falling back and again fortifying. 
And then commenced the celebrated Georgia campaign between two of the ablest 
Generals that were produced by the war. 

I cannot undertake to give a detailed account of this campaign, as space forbids 
— lasting, as it did, from May 4, at Rocky Face Ridge, to the bloody battle of 
Jonesboro, August 31. There were not ten days or nights of the four months in 
which our brigade and my command were not under lire for some hours. We in- 
trenched and fought till flanked, and then fell back and again intrenched — this 
being kept up for nearly lour months, scarcely a day passing but some one was 
killed or wounded; yet we scarcely ever failed to inflict greater damage on our ene- 
mies, as we nearly always fought from our works. Our rations were cooked and 
sent to us from the rear, and much of the time we were required to keep two or 
three days' cooked rations on hand, ready for any emergency. Our picket lines 
were usually but a short distance in front of the intrenchments, and generally 
the pickets Avere well protected by riHe-pits and head-logs. These pits usually 
held from four to eight men, and were from forty to one hundred feet apart; and 
generally there was a regular firing upon the part of the pickets, so as to keep 
the lines marked and prevent any surprises or a sudden rush. Thousands were 
killed or wounded on these skirmish lines, the deadly sharp-shooters on both sides 
getting in their fatal work every day. 

As I was division picket officer on an average every five nights, I saw much 
of this terrible war at night — wthen a word spoken, the stirring of a leaf, or the 
cracking of a stick, brought upon you a volley from the enemy. For four months 
we hail no tents, and most of that time had to remain iu the trenches, often in 
mud. or be picked off by the enemy's sharp-shooters. During these four months 
I was not inside of a house, and very rarely in a tent. 

Having had my right ankle injured at Rocky Face Ridge, T could not wear a 



Regimental Histories and Memokial Rolls. 455 

boot or shoe on that foot during the campaign, but managed to keep at the front 
and on duty. 

But a faint idea can ever be formed of the number of miles of intrenchments 
made by the army on our retreats; and I can only approximate it from a diary 
kept by Capt. Simpson, Assistant Quartermaster. It shows that he occupied some 
twenty-six different camps during the campaign, and this closely approximates 
the number of retreats, or fall-backs, and lines of intrenchment during the four 
months; and as each line would average four miles, it makes ab>ut one hundred 
miles of intrenehmcnfs and fortifications built by our army during this period. 

As the armies were usually in hearing of each oilier, and the least strange noise 
attracted the attention of the other side, a retreat was generally attended with 
danger, and great care had to be exercised. As Sherman's army greatly outnum- 
bered that of Gen. Johnston, he could keep a full force in our front and com- 
mence flanking with a corps; of which Gen. Wheeler — who protected the wings 
with his cavalry — always gave timely note. 

"When the division picket officer went on duty at night he was informed os to 
the retreat, and was usually given a strong picket force, who were carefully in- 
structed in their duties. Between di.sk and 2 o'clock a.m. the infantry would 
quietly begin to retire, the artillery often being moved out by hand, while the 
pickets would keep up a regular fu.-ilade, so as to drown all noise. After the 
army had gotten out of the way, and sometimes had reached their new position 
and formed a new line, the pickets would be gradually retired. tl">se remaining 
always increasing their lire; and before day all would be on some road slowly fall- 
ing back, often keeping in check the Federal advance. Gar men became so pro- 
ficient that in a few hours they could fairly intrench themselves. 

Gen. Johnston rarely risked an open field engagement, but carefully 'husbanded 
his men behind his earth-works, and inflicted upon the enemy a terrible loss, the 
average being three to one — as we were protected by our works and the enemy 
assauited them. His retreats have never been surpassed. The morale of the army 
had been fully maintained, he had lost no supplies or deserters, and was gradual; y 
drawing out and weakening his wily opponent; but just as he had the Chattaho<- 
che in reai of his enemies, and while we were at Peach-tree Creek, the fatal or- 
der of July IS came, relieving him and assigning Gen. Hood to the command of 
the Army of Tennessee. It was a sad and gloomy day to officers and men — it 
seemed that every one had lost a personal friend. All admired the gallant Hood 
as a division or corps commander, but seemed to know intuitively that the mantle 
of a great General should not have fallen on him, and that with Johnston gone little 
hope of success was left, as the sequel proved. The miserable mistake and failure by 
Hood on the 22d of July, which Gen. Johnston had so carefully guarded against — 
and whose plans, had they been carried out by Hood, would have resulted in an easy 
capture of MoPherson's corps and the retreat of the entire Federal army — con- 
vinced our troops that Gen. Hood was clearly incompetent to handle an independ- 
dent command. The next thine: was to lose a large part of the Federal army. 
finding it at last when it was well on its way to Joneshom; and when we arrived 
there it had intrenched itself, and the tactics of Gen. Johnston were turned upon 
us. Never can our brigade forget the fatal charge at Jonesbor©, August 31, upon 
the well-intrenched position of the Federals, protected by an abatis, trail-served 
artillery, and two lines of infantry. Our commands lost fully one-third in killed 



4d6 Military Annals or Tennessee. 



and wounded, and we accomplished nothing. A few of my command reached the 
works, but simply to be captured; and how any of us escaped death from the ter- 
rible artillery tire and musketry at short range, is something I have never under- 
stood. My only brother, Capt. J. H. Turner, while Leading his company, rea Lved 

four mortal wounds in less than a minute, ami as I saw him fall 1 was struck, by 
two shots and disabled. 

At the close of the Georgia campaign. I found that the Thirtieth had lost about 
one-half of its number in killed, wounded, and captured — its officers sufii-ring in 
| greater proportion. 

Ju&>t after the battle of Jonesboro the army was visited by President Davis, 
and soon it was reorganized and partially strengthened by the sick and wounded 
returning to their commands; and preparation-, were hurried forward to make the 
campaign to Tennessee. The Thirtieth was in the entire campaign to Nashville, 
being engaged in the battles of Franklin, Murfreesboro, and Nashville, and Losing 
heavily.* It retreated with Hood's army, and in January was sent to North Caro- 
lina, where it participated in the battle of Bentonville; and upon the reorgani- 
zation the last of April, it had only fifty men left tit for duty. We retreated with 
the army back to Charlotte, where the surrender of Gen. Lee's army was ascer- 
tained; and soon the terms of surrender were agreed upon, and the entire army 
prepared to return, under the old Hag. to homes that had been desolated by four 
years of war — a conflict which, in many respects, has no parallel in ancient or 
modern times. We reached our State about the loth of May, 1865, not having seen 
E our homes, friends, or families since the fall of 1861. 

Want of time and space forbid my making special mention of the many brave 
men and officers who quit their homes in ISul to enlist under the banner of 
the South, giving up homes and families to fight for a principle that was dearer 
to them than life itself. They illustrated upon twenty-three battle-iields, in pris- 
on, in camp, and upon the tiresome march, all the heroism, bravery, and capacity 
for physical endurance of trained veterans. To-day many till unmarked graves 

!in other States, yet their many acts of gallantry deserve at the hands of posterity 
some permanent memorial that will show to future generations the highest 
type of Southern manhood, which this contest developed. But few escaped un- 
hurt those four years of war's cruel fate, and I see very many maimed for life who, 
as citizens, illustrate their energy and other noble qualities. 

During the Tennessee campaign I was not with the Thirtieth Regiment, but 
was ordered to the command of the first brigade of Gen. Lyons's division of cav- 
alry. We organized in December, at Paris, and started with eleven hundred men 
and two pieces of artillery, crossing the Tennessee River on flat-boats; reached the 
Cumberland River and captured a large steamer. I crossed the river, and then capt- 
ured six more boats, loaded with supplies for the Federal army at Nashville, and 
burned them. We then burned a few transports near Clarksville, and started on 
our raid, capturing Hopkinsville, Trenton, Cadiz, Canton, Hartford, Elizabeth- 
town, Noiin Station, Columbia, Burksville, Livingston, Sparta, and McMinnville, 
and crossed the Tennessee River at Deposit, reaching Tuscaloosa about Jan. lo, 
1865. We were out on the raid forty-five days, and swam the Tennessee, Cum- 
berland, and Green rivers twice, hail four snows on us, and raptured a much larger 
force than our own. Four separate Federal cavalry commands attempted to catch 
us, including Gen. McCook, with twenty-five hundred men; yet we fought them, 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



457 



and kept all those commands off of us, losing but few of our number, and inflicted 
a large loss upon the Federal army. 

I find that the memorial roll of the Thirtieth Tennessee is not complete, but 
the loss of records and deaih of my officers prevent it being made perfect. 

To the survivors of the Tenth Tennessee (Irish) Regiment, which at my re- 
quest was under my command for two years, I desire to say that no truer or braver 
soldiers were enlisted under the banner of freedom. 



OjficlaL'] 



Thirtieth Tennessee Infantry. 



Colonel, John \V. Head; Lieutenant-colonel, James J. Turner; Major, B. G. Bidwell; Adju- 
tant, E. T. Bush ; Assistant Quartermaster, 5. R. Simpson ; Assistant Commissary. W. G. Pood. 

COMPANY A. 

Captain, B. G. Bidwell. 
k. in the battle of Chick- ! Clinard, Brown, d. March 



Crockett, Capt. E. B 

a manga. 
Kizer, R. H., k. in the battle of Ckickamauga. 
Brakefield, J. JS\, k. in the battle of" Chicka- 

mauga. 
Poz.er, W. L., k. in thebattleof Chickamauga. 
Fuqaa, V-'. L., k. in the battle of Chickamauga. 
Felt?, J. J., k. in the battle of Chiekamauga. 
Lipscomb, A. G 

manga. 
Mcintosh, J. L 

manga. 
Savers, W. F., k. in the battle of Chickamauga 
Pope, J. M., d. at Atlanta. 
Hallie, J. W., d. March 4, 1864. 
Porter, Vv r . J., d. 

Woodar.l, Amos, k. in battle, 1863. 
Benton, A. G., d. March 20, 1S62. 
Binkley, A., d. at St. Louis. 
Babb, Young, d. Mar, 1862. 
Clinard, M., d. June 13, 1802. 



k. in the battle of Chicka- 
k. in the battle of Chicka- 



0, 18G2. 
Frey, P., d. Jan. 19, 1862. 
Frey, J. G.. d. March 2, 1862. 
Hysrnuh, W. R, d. 
Head, A. J., d. March 7. 1>62. 
Holland, R., d. March 12, 18G2. 
Kizer, J. G., d. .March IT, 1SG2. 
Lipscomb, George, d. "lay 27, 1S62. 
Powell Baxter, d. -Tan. o0, 18G2. 
Stark, J. M.. d. March 17, 1862. 
Sawyers. C. W„ d. March 1G, 1862. 
Waits, T. S., d. Jan. 7, 18*2. 
Fuqua, J. B., d. Dec. 17. 1*62. 
Clinard, J. S., d. 3tarch2, 186:;. 
Freeman, J. N\. k. at Raymond, 
fioit, D. J., k. at Raymond. 

[Unofficial] 
Martin, W. G., killed at Murfree*boro, 1804 
Berkley, T. \V., k. at Jonesboro, 1894. 
Martin, S. F., k. at Kennesaw Mountain, laGi. 



COM 
Captain, Wi 
Eubank, Daniel B., k. at Fort Donelson. 
Bigbee, Lieut. Robert O., d. March, 4, 1862. 
Pearson, Samuel A., d. July 6, 1862. 
Woodard, Daniel B., d. March 6,1862. 
Austin, Samuel, d. .May 21, 1862. 
Adams, Martin V., d. .May 7, 1862. 
Bigbee, Thomas J., d. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Cummings, Henry, d. March 2G, 1S62. 
Faullin, Clayton J., d. March 2a 3 lb62. 
Greer, Thomas, d. July 18, 1*62. 
Garrett, George \V., d. May 2">, 1862. 
Gossette, Oliver, d. Jan.O, 1862. 
Henderson, Samuel, d. May 27, lS>'-2. 
Jones, George E., d. May 12. 1862, 
Murray, William D.. d. April 1, 1862. 
Sommerville, Thomas II. , d. April 26, 1362. 
Taylor, Joseph W., <i. April 1", 1862. 
Sommerville, William H., d. April 15, 1862. 



PA NY B. 
Iliam A. Buntin. 
: Smelsor, Thomas H., d. May 2-', 1862. 
1 West, Thomas, d. March 18, 1862. 
Warren. W. A., d. May 17, 1862. 
Williams, A. H, d. March 23, 1862. 
Taylor, D. F., d. Jan. :j, 1862. 
Willis, G. E., k. in battle, 1*64. 

[Unofficial.) 

Taylor, Capt. 0. P., k. at Murfreesboro, 1864. 

Fizer, J. W., k. at Chiekamauaa. 186.;. 
j Greer, J. W., k. at Big Shanty, La.. 1^64. 
I Greer, T. W., k. while a prisoner, 1862. 
j Garrett, G. W, k. whiU a prisoner, 1862. 
I Gallaher. J. P., k. at Raymond, 1- ■ . 
I .tones, R. T., k. at Chickamauga, 1-6:;. 
j Moor. T. J., k. at Jonesboro, 1S64. 
| r^>>c, .1. N , k. at Chickamau-a, 18C3. 
j Willis, H. B., k. ut Chickamauga. 1363t 



458 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, James L. Cars 



Head, A. M., k. at Fovt Donelson. 
Redkt, J. r.. k. at Fort Donelson. 
Scoggin, J. G., lc. at Fort Donelson. 
Street. P. !».. k. at Fort Donelson. 
Padgett, B. F., k. ar Fort Donelson. 
Brannon, G. M. D., k. at Fori Donelson 
Burton, A. IF, k. at Fort Donelson. 
Dowell, R. W, k. at Fort Donelson. 
Rankin, J. V,"., k. ut Port Hudson. 
Hornsley, Talbert, k. at Fort Donel.-on 
Dickerson, (^. W, d. April 16, 1S62. 
Donoho, J. T.. d. Dec. 28, 1SG1. 
Haley, T., d. Jan. 29, 1862. 
Haiev, Barnard, d. March 25, 1SG2. 



Jones, R. P.. d. Jan. C, 1SG2. 
Newman, W. A., d. April 2C, 1862. 
Scoggin, Join), d. March 27, 1862. 
Watson, Willie, d. June 23, 1S62. 
Chambers-, W. F, d. May 26, 1S62. 
Sloan, E. W., d. July 29, 1863. 



[ UnoffieiaL] 
Kinchlor, T. B., Ic. at Fort Donelson, 1SG2. 
Franklin, W, C. k. at Chickamauga, 1863. 

Haile, R., k. at Chickamauga, Is*;:;. 
Chambers, R. B., k. at Nashville, 1864. 
Rankin. Orderly Sergeant J. W., d. 1862. 
Stone, Lieut. R., k. 1SG3. 

COMPANY D. 
Captain, Thomas C. Martin. 



Hagan, A. J., k. in the battle of Chickamauga 
Barton, J. T., k.in the battle of Chickamauga. 
Dickey, George, k. at Vicksburg. 
Osborne. William, k. at Fort DoneL^cn. 
Pugh, W. G., k. at Fort Donelson. 
Hurt, Benjamin G., d. March IS. 1802. 
Blan, A. C, d. May 13, 18G2. 

COMPANY 

Captain, John H 



Turner, Capt. John H., k. at Jonesboro 
Jackson, Joseph, k at Chickamauga. 
Hogan. J. E., k. at Raymond. 
Fulgam, E. J., k. at Raymond. 
Gates, M., k. at Raymond. 
Brigandmo, J. B., d. Aug. 29, 1SC2. 
Cotton, J. A., d. April 9, 1862. 
Cotton, T. A., d. Feb. 16, 18b2. 
Dunn, John M., d. May 11, 1SG2. 
Dorns, W. A., d. March IS. 1862. 
Davenport, B.. d. March 18. 1S62. 
Koneyentf. A. H., d. May 27, 18.12. 
Kelley, William, d. Aug. IS, 1302. 
Mason, R. J., d. March 22, 1802. 
McCormick, William, d. May 31,1802. 
McAdams Walter, d. May 21. 1802. 
MeGlothiin, H. D., d. March 5, 1802. 



I Brent, Alphortzo, d. May 14, 1802. 
I Brent, Robert, d. Jan. 7, 1802. 

Glenner, J. F., d. May 24, 1S02. 

Hamilton, C. B., d. Jan. 23, 1802. 

Steel, A., d. April 23. 1802. 

Matlock, J. P., d. Oct. 10, 1802. 

Hurt, J. E., d. Feo. 2l», 1803. 

E. 

Turner. 
Price, H. J., d. April 30, 1S62. 
Roney, A. H., d. .March 15, 1802. 
Westbrook, J. R., d. March 10, 18G2. 
Williams, J. M., d. May 18, 1S02. 
By ram, G. W., d. Oct. 4, 1862. 
MeGlothiin, A. J., d. March 10, 1.802. 
Anderson, M. L., d. June 22, 1802. 
Cook. J. K., d. July 31, 18G3. 
Roger, A. B., d. Nov. 1, 1SG3. 
MeGlothiin, J. W., d. Dee. 11. 18G3. 



Daugherry, Josiah H., k. at Raymond. 
Clark, David F., k. at Raymond. 
Lawrence, William H., d. May 8, 1SG2. 
Shute, Sergeant Thomas P., d. Juno 5, 1662. 
Franklin, sergeant Benjamin, d. Jan. 12, 1862 
Elam, Robert H., d. April 7. 1802. 
Harrison, Robert, d. March, 1802. 
Johnson. William H. A., Jan. 1, 1802. 
Pierce, Granville W., d. March, 1862. 
Srarke, Ai-xanier J., d. May 27. 1^02. 
Glendemiing, H. S..d. Oct. 11. lsG3. 
Gouriey, J. F.. d. March r, ; isG-t. 
Giendenninir, Win, H., k. at Fort Donelson. 



[Unofficial.] 
Guthrie, Lieut. G. W., k. at Kennesaw Mount- 
ain, June 22, 1804. 

Griffin, , k. at Jonesboro. Aug. 31, 1804. 

Gates, Fred., k. at BentonviMe, April, 1865. 
Hollis, J. G, k. July 22, 1804. 
COMPANY F. 
Captain, W. T. Sample. 

[ Unofficial] 
Dunn, Lieut. A. G.. k. at Chickamauga, 1S03. 
Harris, Bright J., k. July 22, 1804. 
i Laurence, Sergeant W. 1L, d. IS62. 
Brazier, Z.. k. at Chickamauga. 
Dempsey, G. T., k. at Jonesboro. 
Elam, Joseph A., k. at Chickamauga. 
Guthrie, James T., k. in Georgia, 186*. 
Lawrence. James, k. at Missionary Ridge. 
Morieriet", J. L.. k. at Chickamauga. 
Smith. S. N.. d. 1863. 
Watson, W. W., k. in Gfo-iria, 1804. 
Withers. James II., k. at Misi-ionmy Ridge. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



459 



Garrett, John D., k. at VTeksburg. 
Carter, W. R , d. May 10, 1862. 

Chiner, John C, d. May 10, 1682, 
Chafra, J. I!., d. Jan. 1'3, 1S62. 
Chi.burne, W. D„ d. April 25, 1802, 
Day, W. \V., d. March 25, 1862. 
Dement, Jesse, d. March 0, 1862. 
Dallehoy, T. R., d. March IS, 1862. 
Dice, S. C, d. Aug. 30, 1*62. 
Eadons, J. R., d. March 8, 1862. 

Captains: 
Reading, A. M., k. at Fort Donelson 
Bell, W. H., d. July IS, 1362. 
Browning, G. W., d. May 19, 1S62. 
Hall, A., d. March 10, 1802. 
Half, W.C., d. April 20, 18C2. 
Jack&oo, A., d. Feb. 28, 1862. 
Mondy. H., d. July la, 1862. 
Oguin, J. B„ d, June 21, 1862. 
Robbing, Samuel, d. May 21, 1862. 
ROdgers, William, d. Sept. 26, 1302. 



Edward?, Drew, d. March 30, 1802. 
McAdams, W. H., d. May, 18G2. 
Alderson, J., d. May, 1862. 



Jones. Capt. J. L., k. at Chiekamauga. 
Link, J. K., k. at Chiekamauga. 
Canuili, J. T., k. at Chiekamauga. 
Byram, J., k. at Raymond. 
Boyd. Z., k. at Raymond. 
Burney, Lieut. W, M., d. March 1, 1862. 
I.iatoiji K. P., d. May 6, 1S62. 
Rarvy, J. H„ d. Feb. 28, 1862. 
Empson, T. D., d. Apn! 20, 18G2. 
Freeland, T. J., d. April 6, 1862. 
Link, J. L., d. Jan. 30, 1862. 
McMillan, J. W., d. Jan. 2, 1802. 
Roney, W. H. L., d. Jan. 5, 1862. 
Stewart, W. C, d. Feb. 10, 1862. 



COMPAKY G. 

Captain, II. Barks.ir.le. 

Kadons, II. IL, d. May 31, 1SG2. 
Holder, E.B., d. Aug. 24, 1363. 
Holder, John, d. April 6, 1862. 
McClanahan. J. F., d. May 10, 1362. 
-Miller, Nathan, d. March 13, 1862, 
Nichol, D. F., d. April 7. 1862. 
Russell, E. L., d. July 3, 1862. 
Robbins, George, d. Mfcy 0, 1«62. 
Shoulders, John,d. March 2a, 1862. 
Smith, B. H., d. .March 18, 1862. 
COMPANY H. 
E. .Mays and C. S. Douglas?. 

Wahler, F., d. May 1, 1862. 
Webb, J. A., d. May 12, 1862. 
Grubbs, E. P., d. Jan. 8, 1864 
Day, H. C, u. Nov. 16, 18G2. 

[UncffieiaL] 

Mays, Capt. R. E.. d. in prison, 1862. 
Choat, H., k. at Chiekamauga. 
Cboat, Lieut.—, k. in Georgia campaign, 1854. 
Bell, Lieut. — , k. in Georgia eampaiga, IS6-I. 
COMPANY I. 
Captain, W. A. Lb veil. 

J Mayes, V'., d. May 11, 1862. 

McGlothlio, J. S.. d. May 3, 1862. 
I Spi.va, William, d. July 20, 13G2. 
COMPANY K. 
Captain, J. L. Jones. 

Toiiver. H. M., d. March 6,1862. 
Wilkes, H. C, d. March 1. 1862. 
Wilson, B., d. Jan. 15, 1861. 
Dyer, R. li., d. April 9, IS62. 
Jones, J. A., d. Sept. 22, 1863. 
Terriil, D. W., d. Sept. 21, 1868. 

[Unomci'i!.] 
Armstrong, Lieut. C, k. at Frankliu, 1SG4. 
Burney, Lieut. Ii., k. a: Keunesaw .Mountain, 

1864. 
Scruggs, George, k. July 22, 1S'4. 
Aaronburg, H., fee. July 22, 1362. 
Mulloy, Daniel, d.at Port Hudson, 1863. 
Rogers, B., k. July, 1864. 



THIRTY-FIRST TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

By A. H. Bradford, Brownsville, Tenn. 



This regiment was organized in compliance with orders issued bv Governor 
Tsham Gr. Harris for State volunteers in the summer of 1SG1. The organization 
took place at Trenton, in Gibson county, West Tennessee, by the election of A. II. 
Bradford, of Haywood county, Colonel: C. M. Cason.. of McXairv county', Lieu- 
tenant-colonel; John Smith, of MeXairy county, Major. The regiment consisted 
of ten companies, and had a total of about one thousand men at first. The Cap- 



400 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



tains wore: E. E. Tansil, John Elliot, and T. L. Dell, of Weakley county; W. Y. 
Baker, Caleb McKnight, and W. B. Clayton, of McNairy county; G. B. Robison, 

of Gibson county; Jonathan Luton, of Decatur county; L. Iloak, of Haywood 
county ; and F. E. P. Stafford, of Madison county. 

On the 20th of November, 1S61, the regiment received orders to proceed to 
Columbus, Ky., and was placed in the brigade of Gen. J. P. McCown, where it 
remained until Columbus was evacuated. After the fall of Fort Donelson, it was 
embarked down the river to Madison Bend, and was engaged in the defense of 
that place, being stationed at Tiptonville. A short time before the surrender of 
this position, the regiment was moved to Fort Pillow, and placed under the com- 
mand of Brig.-gen. A. I*. Stewart. Not Jong after this the battle of Shiloh was 
fought, and we received orders to proceed to Corinth, Miss., to aid in cheeking the 
advance of the Federal army. Here we remained till about the 1st of June, and 
most of the time were kept on outpost duty, and had many severe skirmishes 
with the enemy. When Corinth was abandoned and the army removed to Tupelo, 
Miss., we remained in the same brigade under Gen. Stewart. After a short stay 
here we moved with Bragg's army to Chattanooga, and thence into Kentucky, 
taking an active part in this thrilling campaign. The first heavy engagement was 
at the battle of Perryviile, commanded by Lieut.-col. Stafford. In this battle 
many men and some of our best officers were killed and wounded. The second 
year Capt. E. E. Tansil was elected Colonel, but was soon after transferred to the 
cavalry, so that Lieut.-col. Stafford remained in command; Col. A. H. Bradford 
acting chief of staff for Gen. J. P. McCown, who commanded the cavalry on the 
left at this engagement. After the battle of Perryviile the regiment retreated 
with the other forces under Gen. Bragg to Knoxville, through Crab Orchard Gap. 
On the 30th of November, 1SG2, we moved from Knoxville to Murfreesboro, 
where, on December 31st, we took part in the battle fought on that day, led by 
Col. F. E. P. Stafford and Map Sharp, in Stewart's brigade, Cheatham's division. 
January 4, 1S63, we were ordered to Shelby ville, and then to Chattanooga, where 
we arrived on the 2oth of August, 1SG3, and on September 19, 1863, were engaged 
in the great battle of Chiekamauga. After the battle we remained near this pbee 
for some time, and then fell back with the army to Dalton, Ga. Some of the offi- 
cers being placed on post duty, the regiment was now in command of Col. Stafford 
and Maj. Win. Gay. In the retreat from Dalton to Atlanta we were engaged 
with the enemy almost daily for many weeks, taking active part in the battle oi' 
Kennesaw Mountain, and on the 22d of July, 1804, in the general engagement at 
Atlanta, losing many valuable officers and men. 

About the 3d of October following we were placed in Hood's division and sent into 
Tennessee, making forced marches, and fought in the memorable battle of Frank- 
lin, in which most of our men and officers fell. The brave Col.' F. E. P. Stafford 
was killed in the enemy's works, sword in hand. It was a heart-rending scene to 
witness the fall of so many of the bravest and truest men in an hour; and indeed, 
we here felt that our cause was virtually lost. We marched from Franklin to 
Nashville, where we kept the enemy in check for awhile, and afterward retreated. 
The survivors of the regiment were given a furlough to go to their homes in West 
Tennessee. The army moved into North Carolina, where they finally surren- 
dered. But few of the men of the regiment could reach the army, being cut off 
by the enemVj and surrendered at different places at the close of the war. It was 



IiEGTMEXTAL HISTORIES AND MeMQBIAL ROLLS. 461 



a singular coincidence that when our regiment was organized in West Tennessee 
there was one organized about the same time in East Tennessee, and by some mis- 
hap Loth got the same number, and both were commanded by Bradfords. It is 
well to notice the difference. 

I am indebted to Maj. J. A. Austin and Lieut. J. B. Winston for their aid in 
getting up this statement and data. 

Below is a list of the officers and men remaining in the Thirty-first Tennessee 
Regiment at the time of the surrender of the Army of Tennessee, near Greens- 
boro, K. C, April 26, 1865. This list was furnished by William D. Fletcher, 
private of Co. G, Fifth Consolidated Tennessee Regiment, while in camp, near 
High Point, X. C, April 29, 1865: 

KFcKeeft, J. D., private, Company A. [ Paisley, J. C, Sergeant, Company F. 

Carroll, John, private. Company B. ! Rooks, J. J., private. Company F. 

Broider. P. G.. private, Company B. j Shaw, W. ,J.. private, Company F. 

Cole, A. H., Lieutenant, Company D. i Tafsell, J. B., private, Company F. 

Gilliland, J. A., Sergeant, Company E. \ Williamson. R. I'., Lieutenant, Company F. 

Revel, E., private, Company E. j Barnhill, P. A., private, Company G. 

Chamber?, Josias, private. Company F. ! Gale, W. EI., Corporal, Company K. 

Chambers. R. T-, private, Company F. j Kingston, A. J., private. Company K. 

Crutehfield, R. E., Corporal. Company F. | McFarland, W. SI., private. Company K. 

Dongan, B. W.. private, Company F. Roberts, R. A., private, Company K. 
Fletcher, W. L>., private, Company F. 

Head-qvarters Army of Tennessee, near Greensboro, >". C. April -20, 1865. 
General Oepef, 5Te*. 1*. 

I. By the terms of a Military Convention made on the 2Cth Inst, by Maj. -pen. W. T. Sher- 
man, U. S. A., and Gen. Joe E. Johnston, C. S. A., the men and officers of this army are to bind 
themselves not to take up arms against the United States until properly relieved from that 
obligation, and shall receive guarantees from the United States officers against molestation 
from the United States authorities so long as they observe that obligation and the low enforce 7 
where they reside. 

II. For these objects duplicate muster-rolls will be made out immediately, and after the di&- 
tribution of the n-eessary papers the troops will march under their officers to their respect- 
ive States and there be disbanded — all retaining personal property. 

III. The object of this Convention is pacification to the extent of the authority of the com- 
manders who made. ir. 

IV. Events in Virginia, which broke every hope of success by war. imposed upon its General 
the duty of sparing the blood of this gallant army and saving our country from further dev- 
astation, and our people from ruin. 

(Signed) Joe E. Johnston, General. 
(Signed) Akcher Anderson. Lieut. -col. and A. A. G. 
Official: J. D. Porter, A. A. Gen. 



Official.'} Field and Staff, Thirty-first Tennessee Infantry. 

Colonel, Egbert E. Tansil; Lieutenant-colonel, F. E. P. Stafford : Major. Samuel Sharp: Ad- 
jutant, John F. Fuller; Surgeon. Thomas Rivers; Assistant Surgeon, W. T. Wells; Assistant 
Quartermaster. J. A." Yarbrough; Assistant Commissary Subsistence, H. C. Maxwell; Chap- 
lain. W.J. Foust. 

COMPANY A. 
Captains: Egbert E. Tansil and B. J. Roberts. 
Ward, J. E., k. at, Perryviile. I flaw kins. J. I>., d. March '2$, 1362. 

Ayers, T. J., k. at Perryville. ! Grooms. J. M.. d. Sept.. lsi;-.L 

Collier, J. M., k. at Perryviile. j Pasehstl, L. A., d. at Columbus. Miss. 

Hutchins. J. L., k. at Murfre^sboro. j Uhlrs, Frederick, d. S^pt. ::. 1862. 

Winston, J. A., d. May 24, 1862. j Yonnj:. T. J., d Sept. 15, 1362. 

Tarwater, J. R., d. July 4, 1862. j (.aud.rdaie. W. J., d. July, UBG2. 

Terrell, T. C. d. July 1J, ISO.'. i Stephens, R. F., d. Aug. -l l X 186a. 



462 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Hudson, S. IT., k. at Perryville. 
Butler, J. N\, k.at IVrryville. 
Williams, S.. k. at Mnrfreesboro. 
Latham, T. J., k. at Murfreesboro* 
Marshall; B. F., k. in battle. 
Fullbrrght, J. J., k. in battle. 
Brown, N. K-, d. Dec. 6, 1862. 
&*&m, T. J., d. Dee. 28, 1862. 
Butler, R. S., d. Oet. 29. 1862. 
Browder, J. L., d. Oct. 15, 1862. 

Captain*: 
Cason, T. K., k. at Perryville. 
Joplin, L. S.. k. at Perryville. 
Ream?, N. IT., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Spencer, W. B., d. Dee. 24, ¥861. 
Davis, N. W.. d. pee. 31. 1861. 
Sheffield, W. L , d. Nov.lO, 1SG1. 
Taton, W. C, d. Nov. 10, 1861. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, Caleb McKnighfc. 
MeCan, G. W., 

Nanny. IT. J., . 
Swionev, C. H 



Dec. 6, 1S62. 
Dec. 1% 1862. 
1. Oct. 0, 1862. 

Garrett, J. W., d. April 14, 1862. 

Fullbright, \V. P., d. April 2», 1862. 

Blair, A. J, d. May 10, 1802. 

Russell. J. A., d. May 18, L862. 

Butler, James L., d. 

Johnson, John \\'.. d. 

Johnson, W. A., d. 
COMPANY C. 
B. Clayton and C. M. Cason. 

" Steed, W. T., d. July 5, 1862. 

Minton, L. T., d. Aug. 7, 1862. 

Ivy, W. A., d. April 0, 1862. 

Naylor, IP, d. May 12, 1802. 

Patterson, P. T., d. April 13, 1S62. 

Woodburn, J. A., d. Juno 13, 1862. 



Saunders, L. P., k. at Perryville. 
Booker, G. W., k. at Perry yille. 
Browder, II. H., k. at Perryville. 
Friedcnbareer, J. P., k. at Perryviile 
Ellis, A. F., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Baucum, Yv'm., d. St pt., 1803. 
Sutherland, Wra, d. Sept. 20, 1S63. 



COMPANY P. 
Captain, A. H. Bradford. 

Harvey, W. T.. d. 

Tyns, T. E., d. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Tugvvell, II. H.. d. May 18, 1802. 

Powell, T., d. May 11,1802. 

McConne!!, G. W., d. Oct. 26, 1861. 

Coleman, \V. P., d. Nov. 8. 1861. 

Capell, N. W., d. Jan. 10, 1802. 
COMPANY E. 
Captain, J. B. Robertson. 



Blankinship, H. H., k. at Perryville 
Babbitt. T. J., k. at Perryville. 
Jones, J. A., d. Oct. 20, 1603. 
Williams. J. R., d. 
Sisson. S. C , d. 



Biankin^hi 
McAllister 



vie!, d. 

p, J. &I.,d. 

,J.A., d. June 23, 1862. 



Lee, J. T.,d. July 27. 1862. 
Vv'yley, J. M., d. Nov. 7, 1862. 
Revels. W. J., d. Nov. 14. 1862. 
McAlly, J. G., d. Nov. 0, 1662. 
McGee, L., d. Nov. 14. 1862. 
Goodman, E. IP, d. Nov. iS, 1662. 
Blankinship, L. J., d. Dec. 29, 1861. 
Ingram, T. J., d. Dec. 8, 186L 
COMPANY F. 
Captain, F. E. P. Stafford. 



Chambers, Francis, k. at Perryville. 
Stanley, W. A., k. at Perryvilte. 
Strain, \V. M.. k. at Perryville. 
Hubert, W. T., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Stanley, D. F., k.at Murfreesboro. 
Killetr, J. W.. d. Oet. 18,1861. 
Woods J. A., d. Nov. 3, 1861. 
Anderson, J. C. d. 
Brandon, J. H., d. Nov. 30, 1862. 
Clay. Henry, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Wilson, J. C. d. Feb. 13, 1862. 
Freeman. E. B„ d. May, 1802. 



Pittman, J. B.. k. at Chickamauga. 
Smith, J. M., k. at Perryville, 



Anderson, E., d. June, 1862. 

Brown, Aaron, d. Jan. 22, 1862. 

Bizzell, B. S., d. July, 1502. 

Chalk, T. D, d.Jan. 15,1862. 

Chalk, A.M., d.Jan. 18, 1602. 

Garrett, W. H. ( d. June, 1862. 

Griggs, R. W., d. Jan. 9, 1862. 

Moore, VV. E.. d. June, 1862. 

Mo Nairn, S. B., d. Jan. 7, 1602. 
t Shaw, T. A., d. May 2.3, 1862. 
I Stanley, J. W., d. May, 1862. 
1 Weatheriy, J. T., d. July 22, 1864. 
COMPANY G. 
Captain, W. Y. Baker. 

J Powell, A., k. at Perryviile. 

J Bamhill. Lieut. V. D., k. at Perrvvdie. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



403 



Williamson, J. W., d. at Chattanooga. 
McBroorti, T. L., ii. Nov. 22, 1S61. 
Copling, J. J., d. Jan., 1882. 
Bower, W. S., d. 



Billing^ J. J., k. May, 18G2. 
Knight, William, d. Nov. 10, 1861. 
Jones, J. M., d. Oct 14, 1861. 



Phillip?, Samuel, k. at Perryville. 

Lnster, Isaac, d. 

Phillip?, Rufus, d. 

Edwards, -John, d. 

White, J. M-, d. April T, 1862. 



McCarter, J. N., k. at Perryville. 
Hayden, R. C, k. at Perry ville. 
Blakemore, J. F. ; k. at Perryville. 
Bullock, L. C, k. at Perryville. 
Mulliken, J. \\\, k. at Perryville. 
Eeddick, W. W.', k. at Perryville. 
Nunley, J. E., k. at Perryville. 
Reddiek, W. P., k. at Perryville. 
Rogers, ?»). W., k. at Murfreesbaro. 
Grimes, W. H., d. Feb. 0, 16*34. 
William?, W. G., d. Aug. 8, 1882. 
Rogers. C. M., d. Aug., 18G2. 
Lewis, Robert, d. Aug. 10, 1862. 



Cherry. W. B. ; k, at Perryville. 

Gates. J. P., k. at Perryville. 
Williamson, J. E., k. at Perryville. 
Danner, N. B., d. June. 1j>c2. 
Garrett, A., d. June, 1862. 
Jones, H. B., d. Jan., 1SG2. 



COMPANY IT. 
Captain, G. W. Bright. 

I Lamb, Benjamin, d. Nov. 16, 1862. 
1 Smith, John, d. Nov. 10, 1862. 
Smaller, J. R., d. Dec. 28, 1861. 
Phillips. K. C. d.Jar,. liT, l«GS 
Harreli, Dempsey, d. Oct. 14, 1S61. 
COMPANY I. 
Captain, T. L. Bell. 

j Grooms, E., d. July, 1302. 
Broun, Thomas, d. June. 1862. 
Clark, W. R., d. March 7, 1S63. 
Priest, J. O, d. 
Grisham, R. O, d. Aug.. 1862. 
Grimes. M. G., d. Time 27, 1£G2. 
Taylor, J. B., d. June 12, 1862. ' 
Greer, W. S., d. June 1, 1862. 
Evans, W., d. Jan. 20, 1802. 
Porter, J. W., d. Jan. 11. 13G2. 
Frazier, E.. d. Jan. 12, 1602. 
Sullivan, J. W., d. Oct. 12, 1861. 
Vaughan, H. A., d. Oct. 10, lsol. 
COMPANY K. 
Captain, John Elliott. 

McCan, H. L., d. Aug. 19, 1362. 
Shadrick, J. T., '1. Jan. 17, 1863. 
Williamson, J. H., d. Juno, 1SG2. 
Wood, J. S., n. Aug. 17, 1862. 
Wilson, R. W., d. Nov. 13, 1502. 



THIRTY-FIRST TENNESSEE INFANTRY, 



By W. M. Bradford, Chattanooga, Te> 



:ND B. W. Toole, M.D.. Talladega, Al, 



The Thirty-lirst Tennessee Begiment of infantry was organized at. Xnoxviib 1 , 
Tenn., on the 2Sth of March, 18G2, under E. Kirby Smith, then in command of 
the Department of East Tennessee. Field officers: \Vjeu. M. Bradford, Colonel; 
James "VV. Humes, Lieutenant-colonel; Robert McFarland, Major. Staff officer?: 
B. W, Toole, Surgeon; E. C. (Cochran, Assistant Surgeon; Wm. Hawkins, Adju- 
tant; James C. Davis, Quartermaster; John M. Biggs, Commissary,; James P. 
"White, Sergeant-major; Sherman McFarland, Quartermaster Sergeant; Rev. N. 
B. Gofortli, Chaplain; S. B. Bradshaw, Commissary Sergeant; George Alexander, 
Orderly Sergeant. 

The regiment was reorganized on the 3d of May, 1SG2, when the same fiel I 
officers were reelected and the same staff appointments were made. All the field 
and statl' officers survived the civil war: and, what is still mure remarkable, are 
all yet living (May, 1883) except Col. J. W. Hume-. 

The regiment was organized and mustered into service as infantry, and was 
numbered at Knoxvillc as infantry. Failing for manv months to receive comruis- 



464 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



sions for such officers as were required to be commissioned, by correspondence 
with tho authorities at Richmond it was ascertained that there were two infantry 
regiments numbered thirty-one from Tennessee — one from Brownsville, commanded 
by Col. A. H. Bradford, and this one by Col. W. M. Bradford, of Jefferson county. 
At organization the regiment was assigned for duty to the Fourth Brigade, under 
Brig.-gen. S. M. Bartow, in Stevenson's division. The duties imposed on the reg- 
iment for a few months were guarding bridges on the railroad in East Tennessee 
and in preparation for service by drilling. "We were then ordered for duty to 
Cumberland Gap, where we remained under Stevenson besieging the Gap, then 
occupied by the Federal Gen. Morgan. When Gen. K. Kirby Smith marched int<> 
Kentucky, Stevenson was left at the Gap with his division. When Gen. Morgan 
evacuated the Gap after Smith had reached his rear, Gen. Stevenson pursued Mor- 
gan as far as Goose Creek, in Kentucky. Thence our division was ordered to Ha r- 
rodsburg, Ky., to reenforce Gen. Bragg, which we did a few days after the battle 
of Perryville. 

At Harrodsburg we were ordered to retreat, and returned to Lenoir's, in East 
Tennessee. In this campaign into Kentucky our brigade was under command of 
Col. T. H. Taylor, of Kentucky. At Lenoir's, in Tennessee, our brigade was as- 
signed to duty under Col. A. XV. Reynolds. 

About TJeeember 23, 1862, our brigade and division were ordered to Vicksburg, 
Miss., and reached there about the 27th. vYe participated in a little skirmishing 
around the city for a few hours after our arrival, the Federals being in the act of 
abandoning their efforts to land at Chickasaw Bayou, above the city. "Vfe were 
engaged in active picket duty at and around Vicksburg and Warrenton for some 
months, preparing to resist the landing of the Federal troops and the assaults of 
gun-boats. Late in February, 1803. a detachment of three companies of this reg- 
iment was ordered down the Mississippi from Warrentori to watch the movements 
of the gun-boat "Queen of the West,'' which had passed our butteries. This de- 
tail of three companies was placed on a small steam ferry-boat with two small 
cannon. They proceeded down the Mississippi and up Fed River until the 
"Queen of the "West'' was captured. Then an expedition was fitted out with the 
''Queen of the Wot" and the " Webb" and some barge transports, and placed 
under command of Major M. S. Brent, who had some other troops besides these 
three companies. Lieut. Miller, of this regiment (Co. B), and Lieuts. H. A. Bice 
and John M. Carson, of Co. I, with their two companies and other troops, manned 
the "Queen of the West" and "Webb." In ascending the river they met and 
attacked and captured the iron-clad gun-boat "Indianola" — a gallant and brilliant 
achievement of Major Brent and these men. Herewith is annexed a report of 
these captures — printed in a Knoxville paper at the time — and made a part of 

this sketch: 

Nkar Vickskuug. Miss., March 2. I86-T 
J. A.Speshv: A few weeks ago a portion of the Thirty-first Tennes-'-e Regiment -Col. W. 
M. Bradford's) was detached and ordered down the Mississippi to watch the operations of 
the Federal ! outs, which had passed our batteries at Vicksburg and were intercepran: our 
commerce with Texas and Louisiana. After the capture of the Federal gim-hoa: •• Que mi of 
the West," Co. P.., under command of Lieuts. Caraes and Miller, of Blount county, Was placed 
on the "Queen," and Co. I. under eorm&and of Lieuts. Rice and Carson, of .JVrfVrson county, 
was p' seed on the " Webb," and sent up the river in pursuit of the formidable iron-clad gun- 
hoat •■ rndianola,'' and overtook her near New Carthage, below Vicksburg. on the -4th of Feb- 
ruary. The engagement was the most desperate which has occurred during this war between 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



405 



gun -boats on the river. Although it was the first battle in which these g;dl;int men of the 
Thirty-first had been engaged, they fought Like veterans and tig< r.», and after ;i terrrble con- 
test of three-quarters of an hour they succeeded in the capture of the " IndianoJa/ 1 with Im- 
mense steKeeitnd one hundred and twelve prisoners, loo much praise cannot be awarded 
these brave East Tennes8ean.fi for their naval tact and chivalry, as evidenced by the following 
official order of the Colonel : 

Head-quarters Thirty-first Tennessee Rvx,i>iE\T,Vieksbur£, Miss., Feb. 28, 1S63. 
Spegiai Order No. — . 

The Colonel commanding has received, with emotions of no ordinary gratification, the in- 
telligence of the recent gallantry and bravery of companies I and B in the attack upon the 
Federal cun-hoat "Tndianola." it would be nn act of injustice 'o the officers and pmiitfs, ns 
well as violence to my own feelings, to withhold from you the just tribute of praise which 
year-chivalry in that engagement so richly merits. The capture and surrender of the boat, 
after the desperate defense of a well-drilled and disciplined foe, entitle yon to the highest 
honors of veteran-;. I therefore trust that the country will justly appreciate the honor* which 
you have so nobly won, and can give you the highest assurance of the warmest gratitude and 
pride or' your officers in thus giving tone and character to the Thirty -first Tennessee Regi- 
ment. May the God of battles thus favor your stout arms and nerve your generous hearts tor 
all future emergencies of a similar character! Very truly and devotedly, 

W. yi. Buadeoud, Col. Thirtv-first Ter-.n. R*g. 

Official: W. Hawkins, Adjutant. 

J. P. W. 

Our command was soon afterward ordered to Port Gibson, to reenforce our 
troops engaged there in a bloody effort to repel the landing of the Federals; but 
the battle had disastrously terminated before we reached there. 

Pemberton's forces retreated, passing around Yicksbunr, until they crossed Big 
Black, and reached Champion Hills, near Edwards's Depot on the Jackson road. At. 
Champion Hills the Federals defeated Pemberton. Our brigade lost no men, or 
very few, in this engagement, except those who were lost or captured on our forced 
march back to Yicksbunr, as we were not actively engaged in the battle. Our 
regiment remained in Yicksburir during the siege — suffered greatly by privations, 
and lost about twenty men, as will appear by the memorial reports hereto appended. 

We were surrendered on the 4th Of July, 1863. After this lamentable surren- 
der we were paroled. The sufferings and privations of this siege are not here 
recited, as they have gone into and become a part of the public history, and it is 
not refreshing to detail them. Our regiment was exchanged in September, 2S63, and 
placed trader command of Brig.-gen. J. C. Vaughn. The Third Tennessee, Col. 
Lillard; Thirty-first Tennessee, Col. Bradford; Fifty-ninth Tennessee, Col. Eakin; 
F<»rty-third Tennessee, Col. Gillespie) and the Sixty-first, Sixty-second, and -Sixty- 
third Tennessee regiments, were, in November or December, 1S63, by order of the 
Secretary of War, organized into a cavalry brigade under Gen. John C. Yaughn. 
This brigade operated for some time in upper East Tennessee under Longstreet, 
Breckinridge, and Echols, and in South-western Virginia. 

During the winter of lb'63 our brigade was ordered to Newton, X. C. to recruit. 
After recruit incr, about one-half of the brigade was ordered to the Valley of Vir- 
ginia in the spring of 1864, under command of Gen. Vaughn; and the other half, 
under command of Col. Bradford, of the Thirty-first Tennessee was ordered to 
remain in the vicinity of Bristol, to protect that place and the railroads and 
public stores from raids and depredations. That portion of the regiment which 
was sent to the Valley of Virginia was placed in command of Maj. Robert 
MeFarlanl. 

After the campaign was ended in the Valley o( Virginia, the regiment and the 
brigade reunited at Bristol, and operated in upper East Tennessee and South- 
western Virginia, under command of (lens. Vaughn, John II. Morgan, Basil 
30 



m 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Duke, Echols, ami others, and participated in several engagements at Greene- 
ville, Morristown, Saltville, Marion, Wytheville, and Bull's Gap. 

That portion of the regiment under command ui' the gallant Major McFarland, 
which went to the Valley of Virginia, lost heavily and behaved gallantly, as did 
that portion which, remained in East Tennessee under its Colonel. That portion 
under Major McFarland participated in various engagements in the Valley of 
Virginia, among which were Kernstown, Darksville, Martin-burg. Monocaey, 
HagerstQwnj New Hope, Piedmont, Winchester, and other battles. Out of one 
hundred and eighteen of this regiment who went into the engagement at Pied- 
mont, forty-six were killed and wounded and left on the field of bailie. This campaign 
was under command of Early, Breckinridge, W. E. Jones, and others. 

When Lee surrendered we were on the inarch to reenforce him, and under com- 
mand of Echols. At or near Christiansburg, Va., when we received intelligence 
of hec's surrender, our commanding General, Echols, disbanded his troops. 
Duke's brigade, Vaughn'.- brigade, and others, refused to disband at this point, audi 
marched across the mountains to Charlotte, N. C, and there joined President 
Davis. Here we received intelligence of Johnston's surrender, and the fragment 
of pur brigade under Vaughn, anil o( our regiment under Bradford, with Duke's, 
Dibrell's. Fergusons, and other commands, marched as an escort of Mr. Davis 
until his capture; and we were surrendered and parole;! near Washington, Georgia, 
and at other points, but principally at Washington, Ga, The difficulty in giving 
details accurately, and casualties in killed, wounded, and missing, and ail the en- 
gagements, is insurmountable. All evidences of muster-rolls and reports were lost 
at Vicksburg, and in other marches and accidents. 

After we were exchanged, subsequently to the siege of Vicksburg, not more 
than one half of the regimen*,, or brigade, ever reported for duty. The regiment 
was scattered and irregular afterward, as weli as the brigade, chiefly engaged in 
scouting duties and guarding the border near Bristol. Consequently no records of 
the regiment, so far as we can ascertain, have been preserved, as all such were 
lost or captured. So that it is impossible for us to remember the killed, wounded, 
and lost; and hence we rely alone on such information as we can gather from 
surviving officers and men whom we have been able to find ; and their memories, from 
long lapse of time, are quite defective. The memorial roil is therefore imperfect, 
and the difficulty cannot be remedied. 

Co. A — First organisation, March "23, 1S62: James W. Chambers, Captain; 

John T. Flavis, First Lieutenant; Will Trundle, Second Lieutenant; Dyer, 

Third Lieutenant. Second organization, May 3, 1862: James W. Chamber*, 

Captain; Dyer, First Lieutenant; Will Trundle, Second Lieutenant; 

Whaley, Third Lieutenant. Casualties: Died — Lieut. Will Trundle. Killed — 
Henderson Shields, Lieut. John T. Havis, Robert Hill. Wounded — Egbert 
Lindsey. 

Co. B — First organization: John E. Toole, Captain; Henry Miller, First Lieu- 
tenant; George FI. Duncan, Second Lieutenant; A. W. Davis, Third Lieutenant. 
Second organization: Elliott E. Carnes, Captain; Henry Miller, First Lieutenant j 
G. II. Duncan, Second Lieutenant; A. W. Davis, Third Lieutenant. Casualties: 
Killed — John Haley. Gamer Redmon, Wiley Wright. "Wounded — J. B. Leve, 
A. Lane, Wm. Christopher, Wm. Sudions, Deter Puston, D. K. Fidkner, Joseph 
Runyons, Burtiey Craig. Died — II. Tefateller, Lieut. George II. Duncan. 



Regimental Histobies and Memorial Rolls. 46' 



Co. C — First organization: John P. Thomas, Captain; Will McCampbell, First 
Lieutenant: K. A. Orookshariks, Second Lieutenant; George W. Alexander, Third 
Lieutenant. Second organization: John D. Thomas, Captain; Will McCampbeU, 
First Lieutenant; R. A. Crookshanks, Second Lieutenant; George W. Alexander, 
Third Lieutenant. Capt. Thomas resigned; Will McGampbell, Captain; R. A. 
Crookshanks, First Lieutenant; George W. Alexander, Second Lientenant; J. 
Tipton Thomas, Third Lientenant; these were all by promotion except Thomas. 
Casualties: Killed — Lafayette Newman; Thomas Branner, R. Treadway, J. IT. 
Mitchell, James Alexander, Lieut. J. Tipton Thomas. Wounded — A. T. Smith, 

B. C. Newman, W. II. Newman, Wm. Killgore, Shade Brazelton, J. H. Shaddeo, - 

C. Bassett. Died — Nat Hood, Capt. Will MeCampbell, S. Pate, George Fox, 
Daniel Swann, J. Boreu, J. Fiance, Hicks Mitchell, Pack Jacobs, Alexander Lyle, 
Andrew Henry. 

Co. D — First organization: Lemuel White, Captain; C. M. Smith, First Lieu- 
tenant; James Webster, Second Lieutenant; Isham B. Dykes, Third Lieutenant: 
Second organization: James D. Spears, Captain: C. M. Smith, First Lieutenant; 
James Webster, Second Lieutenant; Isham B. Dykes, Third Lieutenant. Casual- 
ties: Killed — Lieut. C. M. Smith, Lieut. Isham Reynolds, Sergt. Dyer, Hugh Har- 
per, Buck Charles, Wm. Roberts, Henderson Kite, Dick Herd, Corporal Wright. 
John Reynolds, Henry Reynolds, James Ball, P. Kite. Wounded — II. Everharr, 
Kelly Allen, Capt. J. D. Spears. 

Co. E— First organization: W, W. Stringfield, Captain; George H. Hynds, 
First Lieutenant; C. N. Howell, Second Lieutenant; D. G. Lowe, Third Lieuten- 
ant. Second organization: George II. ITynds, Captain; C. X. Howell, First Lieu- 
tenant; D. G. Lowe, Second Lieutenant; Robert IL Hynds, Third Lieutenant. 
Casualties: Killed — John M. Hynds. Wounded — James Berry, Andrew Bailey, 
Lieut. C. N. Howell. Died — Henry Wright, Calaway Coats, E. Alesser, Jerry 
Glenn, Lieut, D. G. Lowe, Calvin Lowe. 

Co. F — First organization: Albertus Forrest, Captain; I. S. Garrison, First 
Lieutenant; John C. Neil, Second Lieutenant: J. Rentfro, Third Lieutenant. 
Second organization: John C. Neil, Captain; James S. Richards, First Lieuten- 
ant; J. Rentfro, Second Lieutenant; A. King Stalctip, Third Lieutenant. Cas- 
ualties: Killed — Lieut. A. K. Stalcup. Wounded — Mitchell Johnson, Sergt. A. 
K. Johns, McNutt. 

Co. G — First organization: Joseph Ford, Captain; Will R, Armstrong, First 
Lieutenant. Second organization: Will R, Armstrong, Captain — resigned, and. 
James P. Burem elected Captain; Henry Morelock, Fir>t Lieutenam; J. X. Dyke?. 
Second Lieutenant; B. Tucker, Third Lieutenant. Casualties: Killed — Capt. J. 
P. Burem, Samuel Bailey. Wounded— Nathan Ball, John Barnard, Alexander 
Richards, Lieut. Tucker, Sergt. Long, A. J. Bailey, James White. 

Co. II — First organization: S. T. Dunwody, Captain: T. X. Bigirs, First Lieu- 
tenant; James M. Dunwody, Second Lieutenant; John Reed, resigned — James 
Bradford, Third Lieutenant. Second organization: S. T. Dunwody, Captian: T. 
N. Biggs, First Lieutenant; J. M. Dunwody, Second Lieutenant; Jaines Jones, 
Third Lieutenant. Casualties: Killed — Capt. S. T. Dunwody, John McSmith, 
E. Etter, Lieut. James Jones, G. W. Glowers. Wounded — Adjt. Wm. Hawkins. 
Died— Lieut. J. M. Dunwody, Sergt. Wm. Biggs. 

Co. I — First organization: Ed Watkins, Captain; James Robinson, First Lieu- 



£68 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



tenant; Thornburgh, Second Lieutenant; John M.Carson, Third Lieutenant. 

Second organization: EdVWafckins, Captain.; Hampton A. Rice, First Lieutenant; 

John M. Carson, Second Lieutenant; Thornburgh and E. B. Milligan, Third 

lieutenants. Casualties: Killed — George Gray, Rice, Hightower, Thomas Kid- 
well. Died — M. Travis, Travis, James Knight (or missing). Wounded — 

Wm. Clevenger, P. WilHford, T. I). Franklin, J. IL Harris. 

Co. K — First organization: Henderson Hix, Captain; Moses MeLendon, First 
Lieutenant; Hugh I>. Henderson, Second Lieutenant ; Wm. J. Woods, Third 
Lieutenant. Seeond organization: Moses McLendon, Captain; Hugh B. Hender- 
son, First Lieutenant; Gayle K. Roberts, Second Lieutenant; John IT. Henderson. 
Third Lieutenant. Casualties-: J. B. Colvert, L>. B. Curtis, J. F. Strickland. 
Wounded— Lieut. G. K. Roberts. Died-S. Lockhart, S. Belt, M. IL Bowers, 
A. D. Carr, Larken 1'aper, J. N. Veal. 

The company officers, in many instances, have failed to respond to inquiries for 
information, and many have forgotten. So the list -of killed, wounded, and dead 
is imperfect and inaccurate. 



O0cialJ\ Thirty-first Tennessee Ineantey. 

Ahjctant and Inspector. Genee.u.'s Office, June 6, 1863. 
Special Ordeb, No. I3q. 

XIX. To prevent the confusion arising from a similarity in the numbering of different regi- 
ments from the same State, it is hereby ordered that the Tennessee regiment commanded by 
Col. C. D. Tenable, shall be known hereafter as the Fifth Tennessee Regiment; that com- 
manded by Col, B. J. Hill as the Thirty-fifth Regiment; fchatcommanded by Col. J. P. Murray 
as the Twenty-eighth Tennessee Regiment; that of Col. W. M. Bradford as the Thirty-ninth 
Regiment:; trial commanded by Col. E. E. Tans i I as the Thirty -first Regiment; also the Missis- 
sippi regiment commanded by the late Col. Blythe shall be known as the Forty-fourth Mi-sis- 
sippi Regiment; and the Alabama regiment commanded by Co!. J. G. Cohart shaii be known 
as the Fiftieth Alabama Regiment. 



Field and Staef. 

Colonel, W. M. Bradford; Lieutenant-colonel. Junius W. Humes; Major, Robert Mc Fa rlani; 

Adjutant, William Hawkin>; Assistant Surgeon, E.G. Cochran : Quartermaster, James C. Pavi-; 

Assistant Commissary Subsistence, John M. Biggs; Chaplain, N. B. Goforth; Surgeon, B. \V. 

Toole. 

COMPANY A. 

Captain, J. W. Chambers. 

Shields, W. H.. k. at Viokshurg. | Key ton, J. W., d. March It, 1802. 

Hill, Robert, k. at Ficksburg. j Mott, W. II.. d. March 17, 1862. 

H:ivis. Lieut John T„ d. April 1, 1862. j Parton, A. R , d. March in. 1862. 

McNiohols, William, d. March 4, 1662. j Trundle, W. C, d. July 3, 1862. 

Henderson, Wm., d. March 13, 18G2. Reed, S. J., d. June 8, ISO.). • 

COMPANY B. 

Captain, John E. Toole. 

Hushes, James K. P., d. April S, 1SC2. I Holly, John, d. June 20, 1SGJ. 

Wright, J. W., d. Feb. 2t, 1883. 

COMPANY C. 

Captaiu, J. D. Thomas. 

| fnman, W. S., d. June IB, 1868. 

Allen, Orville, d. Fob. !862. 



Lyle, James, d. June 20, 18(52. 
Waves, Jesse M.. d. June 80, 1 
Panic, Ca'eh, d. June 2u, 18S2 
Hance. Daniel, d. May :>. 1862. 
Wood. N. E.. d. June 30, 1862, 
Jacobs, P. H., d. June 26, 1-2. 
Turnev, W. H., March 13, l?fi 



Baren. Joshua, d. Ff-m..!^. 
Swan, D. F.. d. Fei>., I860. 
Calboek, John S.. d. June 4. 1S62. 
McKmney, J. C, d. April 7, 1863, 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



-1G9 



Chesnult, W. W., k. May 16, 1863. 
Ingle. G. W., k. by bush-whacker 



1862. 
Lieut. Isrharn, d. Aug. 29, 1882. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, J. P. Spear: 

] Hughes, John, d. Aui. 
| Reynolds 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, W. W. Stringfield. 
Griffin, Milton, d. March 15, 1862. | Glenn. Jeremiah S.. d. April 2, 1863. 

Pierce, Win. A., d. July 25, 1862. j Coats. Callancy. d. June 1, 1863. 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, Albertus Forrest. 



Thompson, Elisha, d. Dec. 6, 1862. 
Malohe, Michael, d. Dec. 10, 1862. 
Robfoarts, Andrew J., d. Nov. 28, 1862. 
Shipley, David H., d. Dec. 7, 1S62. 



Barnard, Wesley, d. April 23, 1SG2. 
Barnard, G. W., d. April 20, 1862. 
Dalton, Thomas, d. April 15, 1862. 
Dalton, W. T., d. April 17, 1862. 
Ball, John, & July IS, 1862; 
Harlos, A. J., d. July 30, 1862, 
Watterson, John S., d. July 19, 1862 



Smith, J. M., k. at Vicksburg. 
Harmon, C. A., d. Aug. 18, 1SG2. 
Andes, J. B., d. July 6,1362. 



Clinc, J. W., d. April 3, 1862. 
Patter, II. G., d. June 24, 1862. 
Hull, Lafayette, d. June 25, 1SG2. 
Pratt, Isaac, d. June 20, 1862, 
Vick, J. S., d. May 21. 1S62. 
■Woods, George, d.Julv 14. 18G2. 



Bovvers, A. H. M., d, July 9, 1862. 
Belt K. S., d. Aug. 21,1802. 



Johnson, James M., d. Feb. 2, 1S63. 
Connor, John M., d. Jan. 28, 1863. 
McGuire, Win. H.. d. Feb. _*2. 1863. 
! Edwards, Samuel J., d. May 3, 1863. 
COMPANY G. 
Captain, J. F. Ford. 

r Richards, Emanuel R.. d. Nov. 21. 1S62. 
j Richards, Wiley W., d. Oct. 22, 1802. 
' Harlos, John, d. April 2, 1S63. 
' Harlos, Reuben, d. Feb. '_4. 1863. 
: Hicks, Lsaac, d. Feb. 25, 1863. 

Bailey, Samuel, d. June 12, IS63. 
j Wattersoa, Thomas, d. May 5, 1803. 
COMPANY H. 
Captr.in, S. T. Dunwody. 

| Lauderdale, J. IL, d. Jan. 2\ 1S63. 
j Sane, J. II., d. April 17, 1S63. 
I Hays, J. S., d. June 29, lfcG3. 
COMPANY I. 
Captain, Edward A. Watkins. 

Kidweii, W. D., d. July 11. 1802. 
Moore, J. L., d. Aug. 5, 18G2. 
Sisk, Blackburn, d. Aug. 27. IS62. 
Coeffee, John, d. March 6, 1SG3. 
Jay, Alfred, d. Mareh 20. 1863. 
Dinston, Amos, d. March 27. 1863. 
COMPANY K. 
Captain, M.J. McLendon. 

j Lock hard, Silas, d. July 29, 1862. 
j Raper, L. W., d. April 17, 1863. 



THIRTY-SECOND TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

By J. P. McGlire. Nashville, Ten.v. 

Undek misapprehension of a general order from army head-quarters, the medi- 
cal officers of this regiment burned all the lolls, rosters, records, and books of the 
regiment and all its companies, shortly before the surrender of the Army of Ten- 
nessee at Greensboro, X. C, in April, 1S65. Therefore, this sketch is r.eee^arii - 
imperfect, and is written altogether from memory, by one who was a participant 
in all the battles and important events in which the Thirty-second Tennessee wa* 
engaged. 



470 • Military Annals of Tennessee. 



In the spring and summer of 18G1 many volunteer companies organized in 
Middle Tennessee, reported to the Governor of the State, and were ordered to 
rendezvous at Camp Trousdale,. Sumner county, where they were placed under the 
• command of Col. (afterward Brigadier-general) Bushrod Johnson, with Lieut. 
J. P. MeGuire acting temporarily as Adjutant. After remaining in camp a short 
while ten companies formed themselves into a regiment, and offered their services 
formally to the Confederate Government for twelve months. These companies 
were from the counties of Giles, Lincoln, Lawrence, Marshall, Williamson, and 
Franklin, and were officered as follows: 

1. Cook's company, Williamson county: Ed. Cook, Captain ; Jake Morton, First 
Lieutenant; Robert F. McCaul, Second Lieutenant; Thomas Banks, Brevet Sec- 
ond Lieutenant. 

2. Moore's company, Lawrence county: W. P. Moore, Captain; Thomas D. 
Davenport, First Lieutenant; William D. Anderson, Second Lieutenant; R. F. 
Bosham, Brevet Second Lieutenant. 

3. Winstead's company, Giles county: John M. Winstead, Captain; Thomas 

iAbernatliy, First Lieutenant ; James II. Cook, Second Lieutenant ; Field Arrow- 
smith, Brevet Second Lieutenant, 

4. Worley's company, Giles county: Willis Worley, Captain; Joseph Young, 
First Lieutenant ; W. II. Collins, Second Lieutenant ; David S. Ilarmand, Brevet 

I Second Lieutenant. 

o. Hannah's company, Giles county: John W. Hannah, Captain; John L. 
Brownlow, First Lieutenant; G. W. Hammond, Brevet Second Lieutenant. 

0. Tucker's company, Lincoln county: C. G. Tucker, Captain ; Joel Pigg, First 
Lieutenant; Harris Tucker, Second Lieutenant; Carroll Ellis, Brevet Second 
Lieutenant. 

7. Finney's company, Lincoln county : J. J. Finney, Captain ; W. P. A. Green, 
First Lieutenant ; John M. Wright, Second Lieutenant; J. P. MeGuire, Brevet 
Second Lieutenant. 

8. Hunnicutt's company, Giles county: W. H. Hunnicutt, Captain; Miller Bass, 
First Lieutenant ; G. B. Reasons, Second Lieutenant ; Robert F. Holland, Brevet 
Second Lieutenant. • 

9. O'XeaFs company, Marshall county: William P. O'Neal, Captain; Jasper 
Smiley, First Lieutenant ; Calvin Coffey, Second Lieutenant ; Frank Hall, Brevet 
Second Lieutenant. 

10. Ikord's company, Franklin county: Ikord, Captain ; Orville Bell, First 

Lieutenant; William Marsh, Second Lieutenant; Burt McFinn, Brevet Second 
Lieutenant. 

The field officers were then chosen by ballot, resulting in the election of Capt. 
Ed. Cook as Colonel ; Capt. W. P. Moore, Lieutenant-colonel ; and W. J. Brown- 
low, Major. The staff officers were: Capt. John Sheppard, Quartermaster; Capt. 
E. S. Wilson, Commissary; Drs. E. M. Waters and J. F. Grant, Surgeons; Calvin 
Jones, Adjutant; and Thomas Moore, Sergeant-major. Thus organized, the regi- 
ment was accepted and mustered into service, and ordered to report to Gen. Albert 
Sidney Johnston. If there was a man connected with the regiment who had the 
least idea of military life he is not now remembered ; so we had every thing to 
learn. We soon, however, proved very efficient in drilling, and early in the fall 
we were armed with smooth-bore muskets. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 471 



About this time we were ordered to East Tennessee to do patrol duty in Chat- 
tanooga and surrounding country, and to guard bridges from Bridgeport, Alabama, 
to Chattanooga. In December we were ordered to Bowling Green, Ky., by rail, 
and reached there about Christmas, when we went into winter-quarters. The 
military spirit was intense, and all had addressed themselves to it so diligently 
that by February we were fairly drilled and under pretty good discipline. About 
February 1, 1862, we were ordered to Russellville, Ky., to report to Gen. Buck- 
ner, and remained there a short while engaged in drilling and inspection prepara- 
tory 10 active service. "We were not kept waiting long, and without knowing whither 
we were bound, orders came to prepare rations and be ready to move at "a mo- 
ment's notice." Railroad transportation was furnished us from Kussellville, Ky., 
to Clarksville, Tenn., and reaching the latter place we bivouacked on the we^t 
side of the Cumberland River for a few days, when we took the old steamer 
'"City of Nashville" and were transported to Fort Donelson, near Dover, Tenn. 
We reached Dover after dark, marched back about two miles and bivouacked for the 
night. Next morning we took our position in the line of defense immediately on 
the right of and supporting Graves's Kentucky battery. Our position was to the 
right of the center of our land line of defense, and perhaps a mile and a half 
i'iom the fort. We proceeded at once to build rifle-pits and to fell the timber 
in our front, and otherwise strengthen our position, for we were told the enemy 
under Gen. Grant was moving by land on Fort Donelson, via Fort Henry on the 
Tennessee River, which latter point they had already invested, while a heavy 
fleet of gun-boats was moving up the Cumberland on the fort. 

At day-break next morning we discovered the enemy's sharp-shooters posted in 
our front, as well as some of their field artillery. Thvy had also extended their posi- 
tion farther to our left, and were threatening the positions occupied by the Tenth, 
Forty-first, and Fifty-third Tennessee regiments and Maney's battery, all being in 
plain view of our position. On our Tight were Col. Palmer's Eighteenth Tennes- 
see Regiment and Col. John C. Brown's Third Tennessee. About 11 o'clock of this 
day an assault was made upon our line by the enemy's infantry, near the right 
of Brown's regiment, but was easily repelled. About 1 p.m. a very stubborn 
attack was made on the position occupied by the Tenth, Forty-first, and Fifty- 
third Tennessee regiments, and for a considerable time it appeared that this part 
of the line would be broken. Although poorly armed, these regiments, with 
Maney's battery, maintained their position, repelling every assault, inflicting ter- 
rible loss upon their assailants, and gaining a glorious victory. Graves's battery, 
too, which was posted on the crest of the hill overlooking their position, did 
splendid service. The enemy charged right up to our breastworks, so that when 
driven back their dead and wounded lay thick upon the ground for hundreds u( 
yards back to the woods, which took tire from their guns, and many of their wounded 
perished in the flames, as they were prevented by Graves's battery and the in- 
fantry which had just defeated them from removing either their dead or wound- 
ed. The shrieks of the wretched wounded men were truly heart-rending. The 
weather was cold, and with the closing of the day a heavy snow-storm set in which 
stopped the burning of the woods, but brought a state of affairs almost as deplora- 
ble for their wounded as that which they had just experienced. Cannonading be- 
gan next morning between our batteries and the enemy*- Beet, and lasted till late 
in the afternoon, when fate again decided against the enemy, who, with some ves- 



472 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



sels entirely destroyed and others badly damaged, was compelled to move off with 
his magnificent fleet. 

However, next morning the Wattle was renewed and with increased earnestness. 
About { j a.m. the Thirty-second Tennessee Regiment, supported by Col. Palmer's 
Eighteenth Tennessee Regiment, was ordered to attack the enemy. Moving for- 
ward about a mile and finding no enemy, and feeling that we were being cut off, 
Col. Cook halted the regiment and corrected the alignment. We were in the 
raidsst of a dense forest and heavy undergrowth, and there was so much smoke 
we could see only a short distance in front of us. Col. Cook, therefore, appealed 
to Capt. Finney's company for an officer and six or seven men to volunteer as 
skirmishers. Lieut. J. P. McGuire and the requisite number of men responded 
promptly, but before they had time to even attempt it the enemy opened upon us 
with both infantry and artillery, and seemed to have been in ambush for us. 
Being at close range and unable to drive the enemy, the regiment was withdrawn. 
Our loss in numbers was comparatively slight, but included our gallant Lieuten- 
ant-colonel, William P. Moore, who was mortally wounded and died soon after- 
ward. About '■] P.M. we reached our former position, and about 4 p.m. a very vig- 
orous assault was made on the extreme right of our line and in plain view of our 
regiment, hut on a neighboring hill. The enemy was successful in this attack, 
and occupied our trenches immediately in rear of Fort Donelson, and it was 
thought from that position they would be able to command the fort, but night 
coming on no further attempt was made in that direction. We all believed the 
next day would be a bloody one, but to the surprise and mortification of nearly all 
of us daylight revealed the white flag all along our line. Gen. Buckner had sur- 
rendered during the night, or on the morning of February 16, 1602. Shortly after 
daylight the various commands of our army were formed, stacked their arms, and 
surrendered formally to Gen. Grant. 

Detailed men were then sent out to bury the dead, which being done, we were 
ordered aboard a steam-boat, being now prisoners of war, and sent down the river 
to Cairo, 111. At this place the officers and men were separated, the field and 
s tail' officers sent with the officers of the line to Camp Chase, near Columbus, Ohio; 
while the non-commissioned officers and privates were sent to Camp Morton, near 
Indianapolis, Ind. From Camp Chase the field and staff officers were sent to Fort 
Warren, Mass. After remaining at Camp Chase a few weeks the officers of our 
regiment were removed to a new prison which had just been established on John- 
son's Island, in Lake Erie, near Sandusky city. We were prisoners a little more 
than six months, when we were sent to Vicksburg, Miss., and exchanged, and then 
ordered to rendezvous at Jackson, Miss. 

Our first term of service had expired, and many of our officers who were exempt 
from further service on account of being over military age, declined to reenlist; 
and therefore the companies and the regiment were reorganized about October 1, 
1862. By election Capt. W. P. O'Neal and Brevet Second Lieutenant J. P. Mc- 
Guire were made Captains of their re>neetive companies, but were in a few min- 
utes promoud to field officers. The companies then elected officers as follows: 

1. Cook's company: Jake Morton, Captain; Robert F. McCaul, First Lieuten- 
ant; Thomas Banks, Second Lieutenant; John Waddy, Brevet Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

2. Moore's company: Thomas D. Davenport, Captain; William Anderson, First 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 473 



Lieutenant; R, F. Bosham, Second Lieutenant; James White, Brevet Second 

Lieutenant. 

3. Winstead's company : Field Arrowsmith, Captain; Bunch, First -Lieu- 
tenant; N. A. Young, Second Lieutenant; Green Bunch. Brevet Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

4. Worley's company: Jos, Young, Captain; W. K. Collins. First Lieutenant; 
David S. llannon, Second Lieutenant; William Summers, Brevet Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

5. Hannah's company: John L. Brownlow, Captain; Fred. Fogg, First Lieu- 
tenant; G. W. Hammond, Second Lieutenant; , Brevet Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

6. Tucker's company: C. G. Tucker, Captain; Joel F. Pigg, First Lieutenant: 
Harris H. Tucker, Second Lieutenant; Carroll Lllis, Brevet Second Lieutenant. 

7. Finney's company: W. A. Summers, Captain; John M. "Wright, First Lieu- 
tenant; John E. Smith, Second Lieutenant: , Brevet Second Lieutenant. 

8. liunuicutt's company : J- M. Bass, Captain; G. B. Reasons, First Lieutenant; 
Robert F. Holland, Second Lieutenant; — , Brevet Second Lieutenant. 

9. O'Neal's company : Frank Hall, Captain; Jasper Smiley, First Lieutenant; 
Calvin Coffee, Second Lieutenant; Jos. San ford. Brevet Second Lieutenant. 

10. Ikord's company: John L>. (dark, Captain; William Marsh, First Lieuten- 
ant; Burt MeFinn, Second Lieutenant; ■, Brevet Second Lieutenant. 

The companies then reelected Ed. Cook Colonel, and made Capt. "Wm. P. O'Neal 
Lieutenant-colonel, and Capt. J. P. Maguire Major. The new staff was ns follows: 
Capt. John Sheppard, Quartermaster; Doctors James F. Grant and Thomas J. 
Iteid, Surgeons; Dr. Lewis S. Freeman, Assistant Surgeon; Lieut. K. A. Irvin, 
Adjutant; David S. Bodenhammer, Sergeant-major; Luther W. MeCord, Qnarter- 
master Sergeant; George M. Brownlow, Commissary Sergeant; David D. Maney, 
Ordnance Sergeant; Dr. Mark Allison, Hospital Steward. All being trained sol- 
diers, we were armed and equipped and ordered to Knoxville, Tennessee, where 
we remained a short time without incident; and were next ordered to report to 
Gen. Forrest at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, at which place we staid several weeks 
drilling, disciplining and recruiting. Our regiment soon numbered eleven hun- 
dred men and officers, and we were told from this time to the end of the war that 
it was considered one of the finest and most efficient regiments in the service. 

We remained at Murfreesboro until some time in November, when we bivouacked 
at La Yenjne several days, and then received marching orders, together with some 
other regiments of infantry, some artillery, and Forrest's cavalry. We moved 
north on the Nashville pike at eleven o'clock at night, and it was understood we 
were to attack Nashville next morning. At day-break we were drawn up in line 
of battle on the hill near the Murfreesboro pike, south of and overlooking the 
citv. After tiie exchange of a few -hots between our advance and the enemy's 
outposts, we withdrew without having accomplished any thing. The only accident 
resulting from this expedition was the slight wounding in the face of Maj. Strange, 
of Gen. Forrest's staff. Returning to Murfreesboro, we remained under command 
of Gen. Forrest until a few days before the battle of Stone's Rivet, when we were 
ordered on post duty with head-quarter^ at Wartrace. Here we encamped until 
ourarmv withdrew from Murfreesboro and went into winter-quarters at Tullahoma. 
Up to this time our regiment hid never had any connection with a regularly or- 



474 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 






ganized briga le; but here Col. John (.'. Brown, of the Third Tennessee, was pro- 
moted to Brigadier-general, and given as his brigade the Eighteenth, Twenty- 
sixth, Thirty-second, and Forty-fifth regiments, all Tennessee troops. In June. 
ISGo, we were marched to Beech Grove, and were there only a short time when we 
were ordered to prepare three days rations and to he ready to move at a moment's 
warning. The marching orders came, and also information that a strong party 
of Federals had gone out from Murfreesboro in the direction of Woodbury. This 
was our first forced march, and one that will be remembered by every participant 
to the end of his life. It appeared that the Federals had passed through gome 
gap of the mountains, and if we could reach the gap before they were aware of our 
approach, we would have them at great disadvantage and be sure to capture 
or destroy the whole force. We reached the point, but the enemy had heard, of 
our coming and withdrawn from the trap we had set for them. The (}\y being 
very hot, the men were much fatigued; many were entirely exhausted, and a num- 
ber died from overheat and fatigue. From this point we vcre ordered back to 
Beech Grove, and then to Wartraee, and finally on the first of July fell back to 
Tuliahoma. We spent some days in fortifying this place, and then were ordered 
into line of battle near to and cast of the village. About midnight of this day 
Gen. Bragg began Lis retreat from Middle Tennessee via Sewanee and Jasper, 
crossing the Tennessee River below Chattanooga, where we bivouacked several 
days, and then went into camp for some days at Tyner s Station. We were then 
ordered back to the Tennessee River a few miles above Chattanooga, where the 
enemy soon appeared on the opposite side of the river, and some sharp-shooting 
was indulged in, but resulted in nothing of importance. We marched next to 
the south of Chattanooga, east of Lookout Mountain, where it was understood we 
might have some fighting, as the Federals had crossed the river and were reported 
in considerable force on the opposite side of the mountain in the valley, and were 
expected to flank Gen. Bragg by passing through the mountain by way of McLe- 
more's Cove. It was reported that a division of Federal infantry had passed 
through this cove, and was slowly moving in the direction of La Fayette, Georgia. 
Stewart's division, to which we now belonged, was sent in pursuit with a view of 
cutting them off by gaining the gap through which they had passed. We 
reached the vicinity of the gap, within live or six miles, when we came in contact 
with the Federal outposts, but the main body had passed through the gap and 
escaped. We then marched across the country via La Fayette, Georgia, to the 
bloody battle-field of Chiekamauga. 

In the first day's battle at Chiekamauga, September 10, 1S63, our division was 
in the first line of battle, and our regiment was the center regiment of Brown's 
brigade. Our Col. Cook was in command of the regiment, assisted by Major 
McGuire, our Lieutenant-colonel O'Neal being absent sick. We numbered for 
duty nine hundred men and officers, and all seemed "eager for the fray." The 
battle had already begun on ether parts of the line, and the rattle and roar had 
been listened to for some time, when we were ordered to load and prepare for ac- 
tion. Next came the order " Forward!*' and in a short time our :-kirmishers met 
those of the enemy and soon drove them in. We were now within easy rifle-range 
of their line of battle, which poured upon us volley after volley of musketry and 
artillerv. The "double-quick" was ordered, and then the '''charge," when our 



men raise 



1 the '"'rebel yell," and. pressing on in tine order Boon found ourselvi 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



to 



on the ground which had just been occupied by the enemy. Pressing on again, we 
drove the enemy before as, inflicting terrible damage. Our regiment, though suf- 
fering heavily in killed and wotaaded, was being abundantly successful. We had 

met, and were still meeting, most stubborn resistance, but we overcame it all. The 
situation was so grave, and the struggle so tierce, we did not look to right or left; 
but the commands, " Steady I" "Forward!" "Aim low!" "Make every shut 
count!" — these were heard as the deadly conflict was urged on. Our regiment 
had captured several pieces of artillery, and driven the confronting euemy from 
every position, when Major MoGuire, who was commanding the right wing, dis- 
covered that the rig-lit wing of the brigade was not in sight. This fact was com- 
municated to Col. Cook at once. The regiment was halted, and the Thirty-second 
Tennessee stood there without support on the right or on the left. Col. Cook be- 
ing approached with the suggestion if he did not withdraw his regiment it would 
be captured, replied, "The Thirty-second Tennessee will never leave the field 
until ordered to do so!" And it did n't. But the line of battle Xo. 2 no sooner 
passed us than we were ordered to rejoin our brigade to the rear of this position. 
"We were engaged this day three hours and twenty minutes. Our loss in killed 
and wounded was heavy. Col. Cook and Major McGuire both had their horses 
shot under them. The battle continued on until night. We occupied the field 
from which the Federals had been driven, and on which their dead and wounded 
were left by thousands. 

That night was one never to be forgotten, especially by those of our regiment 
who were on the skirmish line. It was the writer's lot to command the skirmishes 
covering Brown's brigade and our regiment that night. We stood at the muzzle 
of the enemy's muskets, so to speak, and they stood at the muzzle of ours; so that 
the least noise never failed to provoke a shot. We therefore learned to be very 
quiet. Our army lay upon arms, and as all were worn and tired with the day's 
work, all were soon asleep. Of course we skirmishers and pickets had to keep 
our eyes and ears open all night, and our lingers on the trigger. We happened 
to occupy a portion of the field near a farm-house, in and around which large 
numbers of Federal wounded had been gathered during the day, and near which 
a very large number of animals in harness were left by the retreating and beaten 
enemy. Some of these animals were dead, some wounded, some parts of a train 
unhurt, but could not escape on account of some of the others of the train being 
either dead or disabled. As the night grew old the monotony was heavy, and the 
stillness intense and painful; yet often, in the midst of this, wounded soldiers about 
the house could be heard begging piteously for water; another and another would 
shriek with pain as if a dagger was at his heart; then the groaning of the wounded 
animals, or the neighing of a sound horse, would appear to be a signal for the rest 
of the animals to make their complaints and efibrts to be released from their con- 
finement; they would break forth in the most hideous and unearthly yells and 
groans imaginable, which seemed to be taken up from the signal point and would 
run all along the line, sometimes lasting a minute or two; yet no one dared move 
to offer relief. 

On the morning of the 20th of September, which was the second day's battle of 
Chickaruaugn, we all realized that another terrible day was before us. Yet flushed 
with our success of the day before, all seemed confident and courageous. "We 
occupied the first line of battle again this day. Directly after day-dawn and be- 



17075.99 



476 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



lore sunrise it was necessary for our brigade t<> change its position 8 little to the 
right. It was Intended tl.is change shoiahi be accomplished before it was light, 

but before it was executed it was nearly sunup, and we found ourselves exposed 
to a heavy artillery lire in front of our new position, while our skirmish line was 
being terribly afflicted by the enemy's sharp-shooters. The sharp-shooting and 
cannonading were kept up until about 11 a.m. Our men and officers who had 
been on skirmish duty since the evening before reported to the regiment, when 
we were ordered to load and prepare for action. Already far away to our right 
and left the storm of battle was raging with gre.it fury, and we listened with almost 
breathless anxiety at the thunder of artillery, musketry", and the yells of the 
charging Confederates. Those Of us who had been on the skirmish line knew 
what a powerful battery of twelve guns confronted us, and what a strong position 
it occupied; this knowledge seemed to nerve us for the terrible undertaking which 
, was now at hand. We were ordered forward, and soon came in sight of the bat- 
terv and a strong line of infantry, both of which were firing rapidly upon us. 
We were at a double-quick, and seeing the position of the enemy we were ordered 
to charge, and soon had pos-es.-don of all the guns in our front. We pressed on, 
losing heavily, but inflicting heavy loss on the Federals in turn. Ail were highly 
elated over the success we were achieving, although at such heavy cost. In the 
midst of our success Captain Tucker, commanding the right company of our regi- 
ment, called Maj. ^IcGuire's attention to the fact that we were about to be captured. 
Looking in the direction of the battery about six hundred yards back, we saw 
thousandsof Federals forming in our rear, and upon the line from which we had just- 
driven them. They seemed not to See us nor to know that we were in their rear. 
Col. Cook faced us about and moved obliquely to the right, which movement the 
Twenty-sixth Tennessee and Newman's Battalion, who were on our left and now 
in sight, conformed to. About the time we were reaching a prolongation of the 
I . line occupied by the battery the guns were turned upon us, and although we did 

escape capture it was with heavy loss. The regiment of our brigade to our right 
had again failed to carry their points, so we were thereby forced to relinquish ail 
we had ginned; the regiment to our left, however, kept abreast with us on this 
day, and did iheir work well. 

Line of battle No. 2 was put in, and we were told to recapture the battery 
which we had captured and lost. Late that afternoon we were ordered for- 
ward again, and although not tiring ourselves we were exposed to a most terrific 
fire from the enemy; but this force being attacked in flank, surrendered before it 
was necessary for us to open tire upon them. It was now night, and the held was 
ours again, with the enemy beaten at all points. That night they retreated to 
Chattanooga. Two days after, we marched up to Chattanooga, where we found 
the Federals strongly fortified. We drew up in line of -battle east of the city and 
engaged their skirmishers, which provoked some shots from their heavy guns but 
did us no harm. We were environing Chattanooga, perhaps a month, during 
which time nothing of importance transpired. 

About the middle of October our brigade was reen forced by the Third Tennes- 
see, and ordered to join Major-gen. C. L. Stevenson's division, then in quarters on 
top of Lookout Mountain. Our principal duty during our stay on the mountain 
was to picket the passes and trails up its sides to prevent our division being sur- 
prised. Some time in November our brigade received marching orders, and it was 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



-177 



rumored that a brigade or more of Federal infantry and cavalry was moving up 
Willi's Valley, about Trenton, Ga., and thai we were going down, via Nickajack 
trail, to surprise and capture them, and supply ourselves with blankets and shoes, 
with which we heard they wore abundantly supplied, and which we sadly needed. 
We set out in high glee at the bright prospects before us, reached Nickajack trail, 
ten or twelve miles south of Lookout Point, and began the descent, expecting soon 
after we reached the valley to pounce upon our game, gobble them up, and march 
triumphantly back to camp with our booty; but before reaching the valley scouts 
had been sent forward, arid they reported that Sherman's whole army was over 
there, which proved to be true. So we faced about, and went back up the trail in 
as much haste as we could. "We returned to Lookout Point, rejoined our division, 
and remained there observing the movements of both armies, a greater part of 
which we could plainly see, as well as having a tine view of Chattanooga and sur- 
rounding country. 

The stories which have gone the rounds of the Northern press concerning "the 
battle above the clouds'' are of the wildest and most exaggerated character imag- 
inable. The day on which it is said to have occurred was the darkest I ever wit- 
nessed, it being impossible to see a man on horseback sixty feet from us. The 
Thirty-second Tennessee was ordered to report to the division ofiicer of the day, 
Major McGuire. Dear in mind wc were on top of Lookout Point, scattered all 
around the Point for hundreds of yards, in the midst of an incessant rain; and 
being right up in the clouds, we were in a darkness almost as black as night. We 
kept up a constant lire down through the clouds during the entire day. Some ten 
or fifteen feet below the summit of the Point there is a sort of second valley, in 
which there are now, and was then, quite a number of settlements. It was in 
this valley the celebrated battle was fought between Gen. Joe Hooker's corps of 
the Federal army and Gen. Walthall's command of Confederates, resulting in 
the capture of most of the latter. About 9 o'clock that night the rain had ceased, 
the clouds cleared away, and the night was beautifully star-lit. We then with- 
drew from the Point, and began the evacuation of our position on Lookout Mount- 
ain, bivouacking in the valley south of the city. Our forces had been driven 
around the base of the Point to a place near the road by -which we had just re- 
treated, and the firing was still kept up quite vigorously on both sides. It was a 
memorable day, not soon to be forgotten. The sight was indeed beautiful. The 
blazes from the Hashing rifles a mile or two away seemed to pass each other, look- 
ing like the trails of immense comets. Not a Federal soldier was ever on Look- 
out Point that day or night, their many statements to the contrary notwithstand- 
ing. 

Before daylight next morning we were marching to our position in the battle- 
line on Missionary Pudge. Our position was on the western slope of the ridge, 
our left resting near the tunnel on the Fast Tennessee and Virginia railroad. 
We had been there but a little while when the Federals attacked us; but we re- 
pulsed them easily, with but few casualties. On the right our forces were success- 
ful, but half a mile to our left, where the ridge was high and the hill steep, the 
Mississippi troops, under command of (.en. Day, were attacked late in the after- 
noon and their line broken, which lost the day to (Jen. Bragg. That night we 
retreated in the direction of Dalt m, Ga.. at which place we went into winter- 
quarters and remained until the following spring, nothing of interest transpiring 



4:78 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



except the supersedure of Gen. Bragg, in command of the Army of Tennessee, 
by (,en. Joseph E. Johnston. 

Early in the spring of 1864 we moved to the vicinity of Tunnel Hill, and dur- 
ing this time eighteen men belonging to a company in a North Carolina regiment 
deserted in a body and went over to the enemy. They were subsequently eapt- 
ured, tried by court-martial, found guilty, and sentenced to be shot to death by 
musketry in the presence of their corps. Eighteen graves had been dug, eighteen 
stakes planted.— one at the he-ad of each grave — and eighteen coffins prepared. 
The night before the execution was to take place one of the men died of disease, 
and on the morning of the execution another was pardoned by the President, leav- 
ing sixteen to be shot. These were pinioned and placed in wagons, seated on their 
coffins, with guards in each wagon, and driven together to their graves, where the 
troops had already formed in hollow square so that all should see. Ten paces in 
front of the row of graves a battalion was drawn up in line with loaded guns. 
The condemned men were taken from the wagons, each one tied to a stake, and 
his coffin placed before him by his grave. The eharges, specifications, and find- 
ings of the court-martial, together with the order of execution, were read aloud 
to them, all of which being finished and the battalion at i: shoulder arms.*' the 
marshal blindfolded each of the condemned men by tying a strip of cloth, which 
had previously been hung upon the stake, over their eyes, and then stepping off 
to the right, and obliquely in front of the battalion, without uttering a word gave 
three motions of his handkerchief, indicating *'Keady; aim; fire:" and sixteen 
I souls were hurled into eternity. 

Soon after tins execution we were ordered into line of battle on the summit of 
Kocky Eace Mountain, where we met a very fierce attack of the enemy, which 
we repelled without much difficulty, but with considerable loss to us and heavy 
loss to our assailants. Erorn Kocky Eace Mountain we were ordered to re- 
treat to Eesaca. The afternoon we reached Eesaca our brigade (Brown's) had 
been ordered to report to Gen. Wheeler, commanding the cavalry, and which was 
being closely pressed by the enemy while bringing up the rear of our army. 
About an hour before sundown we were thrown into line of battle, and fought the 
unimportant battle of Smoky Creek Gap. In the Thirty-second Regiment were 
three mischievous characters — Turn Poteet, Alex. Crawford, and George Bevil — 
one of whom could neigh exactly like a stallion, one could gobble like a turkey, 
and the other bray like a donkey. Soou the battle commenced, and the firing was 
"hot*as pepper,"' when right in the midst of the fierce conflict Sergeant Crawford 
began to gobble, Poteet to neigh, and Bevil to bray, and continued their fun until 
the enemy retreated in utter dismay, no doubt wondering what manner of rebels 
they had attacked. Our casualties in this affair were slight. That night we 
parsed through the village of Eesaca. In a day or two the battle of Eesaca was 
fought, and we were assigned position near the extreme right of the line 01 bat- 
tle, some distance above the village, where we had two days of hard fighting. 
The enemy had taken position on the opposite side of an open field, along the 
border of which we were formed, and had intrenched themselves back in the 
woods some two hundred yards from the edge of the field. They had aent a 
strong line of -kirmi-hers down to the cA^e of the timber, and were tiring across 
the field at us with some etleer. This had been kept up for several hours when 
Gen. Brown ordered Major McGuire, who was commanding our skirmishers, to 






Begi&ental Histories and Memorial Rolls 



•±79 



attack the enemy's skirmishers and drive them from the edge of the wood across 
the Held, telling him at the same time that he would follow closely upon the 
movements of the skirmishers with the brigade. Our skirmishers moved through 
the open field in full view of the entire brigade, under a most terrific fire, and vet 
in the most perfect order and in the grandest style, completely routing the enemy's 
skirmishers, and inflicting heavy loss in killed, wounded, and captured. The 
grandeur of the movement was only excelled by Gen. Brown and our brigade, who 
did follow our lead. Reaching the position now occupied by our skirmishers, Gen. 
Brown halted the brigade a few seconds to learn the exact position of the enemy, 
then ordered the boys to charge them in their strongly fortified position, which 
they did most gallantly, inflicting a most disastrous defeat upon them, driving 
them in utter confusion from their breastworks, killing, wounding, and captnring 
many. "While our triumph was complete it was dearly bought, some of our best 
officers and men being killed. The loss of no one of our brigade, perhaps during 
the whole war, was more deplored than the death of Lieut. Waddy, of MeCaul's 
company, and Major F. C. Barber, of the Third Tennessee. Xo truer men or 
more gallant and faithful officers ever lived than these two. 

2Sight coming on ended the first day's lighting at Resaca. During the night 
some changes were made in the position of the troops of our brigade, moving 
about half a mile to the left, where before daylight we built pretty strong ride- 
pits, which proved of great service; for with the coming of daylight we moved 
out in front of our line about seventy-five yards to support a battery of four guns 
which had been placed there during the night. These guns were posted on the 
point of a hill which broke off abruptly into a deep hollow, and overlooked the 
country for quite a distance. From this point skirmishers Avere sent forward, and 
soon encountered the enemy, who had massed an immense force in our front. 
This brought on the right. The enemy charged up the hill upon our guns, but 
on account of the steepness of the hill we were powerless to inflict any damage 
on them, and after a most desperate struggle the guns were abandoned and we 
forced to retire to our rifle-pits badly cut up. The enemy halted at the brow of 
the hill, which afforded them perfect shelter from our bullets. This battery hap- 
pened to be directly in front of the Thirty-second Tennessee Regiment, the guns 
being in plain view and within easy range of our rides; so neither Federals nor 
Confederates could gain possession of them. They were evidently a much coveted 
prize to the former; for it was soon apparent that they were determined to take 
possession of them, and the latter were quite as much determined they should not. 
This struggle for the possession of the guns brought about a real "tug of war." 
The situation of the Thirty-second Tennessee was now one of great gravity and 
imminent peril; for the enemy knew they could not gain the battery until our 
rifles were silenced, which they would have to do by storming our position and 
beating us by brute force. AVe heard their commands — "Forward!"' — and like a 
mighty avalanche they came in thundering charge upon us. It looked as if it 
would be impossible for us to withstand their terrible onslaught; but the Thirty- 
second was never in better fighting mood, so we had the satisfaction of seeing our 
assailants fall back and seek the protection of the lull again, leaving many of 
their number dead in plain view of us. However, in less than twenty-live min- 
utes they marie another and more desperate effort to dislodge us, this time charg- 
ing to within six or seven paces of us, seeming to wish to make a hand-to-hand 



480 Military Annals of Tennessee. 






affair of it; hut again we drove them lack with fearful slaughter. Frequent other 
assault were made during the day, but none so determined as the first two, and 
each one brought heavy loss to them: for we eagerly sought every opportunity 
for dealing them a blow. Night closed the second day's battle of Kesaca. About 
10 o'clock we quietly withdrew from this most perilous position, Gen. Johnston 
abandoning this place and retreating toward Atlanta, leaving the four guns the 
possession of which had cost so many valuable lives and which, 1 think, were the 
only guns lost by Gen. Johnston on his famous Georgia campaign. 

The battle of Powder Springs Road was fought on June 2'2, 1S64. Gen. Hood's 
corps, to which we belonged, marched out west of Marietta, Ga.. six or >v\>:x\ 
miles, and took position in front of the enemy, whom we found strongly fortifieJ. 
Our cavalry, which had been watching the movements of the enemy, were en- 
gaged when we arrived; so we formed in line' of battle under very heavy skirmish 
and artillery fire, which was quite annoving to us and inflicted some damage, Col. 
Harvey Walker, commanding the Third Tennessee, with several others, being 
killed while we were forming. Our Brigadier-general (Brown) was in command 
of the division, and Col. Cook was in command of Brown's brigade. Tins de- 
volved the command of the Thirty-second Tennessee on Major McGuire, our Lieu- 
tenant-colonel not being present. A strong line of skirmishers was <eni forward 
from the infantry to relieve the cavalry, and they soon succeeded in driving in 
the Federal skirmishers and silencing the artillery which had been playing upon 
us with so much effect. This afforded opportunity to perfect our formation and 
to understand Gen. Hood's plan of attack. The Thirty-second Tennessee was the 
center of our brigade, and Cummings's brigade of Georgians was to the left of our 
brigade. Skirmishing was still heavy in our front, and our dead and wounded 
were constantly being brought back, showing with what desperation the enemy 
was resisting. The order to load and prepare for action was given, and soon came 
the command, " Forward!" ami in a few minutes we were in the midst oi one of 
the fiercest battles of the war. We pressed our enemy steadily hack, amidst a 
perfect torrent of lead and iron, but our shattered ranks still urged the right. 
Coming within about sixty paces of strong intrenchments. behind which the ene- 
my had taken refuge, we discovered that Cummings's brigade had failed, which 
left the enemy that Cummings should have engaged to turn their guns upon us 
with perfect impunity. At tins point Mikt McGuire was wounded and carried 
I from the field. What to do in our present condition was difficult to determine, 

for our loss in the charge had been immense. To pursue the attack farther would 
have been madness to retreat impossible, as the enemy's artillery from our right 
and their infantry in our front and to our left kept up an ince--ant and most gall- 
ing fire. Fortunately night came, and the firing from our right and left abated 
somewhat, so that those who survived withdrew a few at a time. More than half 
of the officers and men of the Thirty-second Tennessee Regiment were killed or 
wounded in this engagement. Among those wounded was our gallant and noble 
Col. Ed. G©ofc, who only survived a few days after being shot. Lieut. -col. O'Neal 
being absent on sick leave and Major Me' ruire wounded, the command of the reg- 
iment devolved on Capt. C. G. Tucker. 

Active campaigning was continued with, unrelenting vigor, and Gen. Johnston 
was forced to cros^ the Chattahooehe River in the vicinity of Atlanta. About the 
middle oi July he was relieved, of the command of the army and Gen. Hood ap- 

- 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Bolls. 



481 



pointed his successor. Lieut.-gen. Stephen D. Lee was placed in command of 
Hood's corps. On the evening of August 30th we were given marching orders, 
and soon our corps (Lee's) was in motion, our destination being Jonesboro, Ga. 
Next morning we found that our enemy had again preceded us, and was in por- 
tion and strongly fortified. Therefore the battle of Jonesboro was fought with 
great loss to us, and resulted in our failure to drive the enemy from their vantage- 
ground. Among die killed in our regiment were Adjutant Maj. Richard A. Irvine, 
Sergt. Jas. 1*. Campbell, Sergt. John Van Allsup, and Sergt. Newt. Alexander. 
The loss of Major Irvine was a sad blow to the Thirty -second; for he was not only 
a gallant, faithful, amiable, and efficient officer, but a true man, and a real ex- 
emplar for the believers in the Lord Jesus, our Christ. Sergt. Allsup's loss was 
also very deeply regretted. During the night of this disastrous day our corps 
withdrew from Jonesboro, marched in the direction of Atlanta, and afterward 
rested near Lovejoy's Station. At this period (early in October) Maj. McGuire 
was promoted to Colonel. The appointment was promptly accepted, and he was 
by Gen. Hood assigned to the command of the Thirty-second Regiment. 

The movement into Tennessee was next made. About November 20th our corps 
was marched from Florence, Ala., and the campaigning commenced in earnest. 
Notwithstanding our brigade was an infantry brigade, we reported to and served 
with Gen. Forrest on nearly the whole of this expedition. We marched in by 
way of Mount Pleasant and Columbia, Tenn., where we found the enemy in force. 
A few miles west of Columbia they made some show of fight. Gen. Forrest or- 
dered us into line of battle; but after some sharp skirmishing the enemy with- 
drew, under cover of night, to and beyond Columbia. Remaining some days at 
Columbia, we learned that Cheatham's and Stewart's corps of our army had marched 
by night around the enemy's flank and in the direction of Nashville, leaving only 
one corps confronting the enemy at Columbia. We kept up an occasional fire the 
entire day, and before night, under cover of an embankment, crossed men over 
Duck River in sufficient force to drive back from the river and suburbs of the 
town all of the Federal skirmishers and pickets. Very early next morning Lee's 
corps crossed Duck River, and marched rapidly in the direction of Franklin. The 
march was urged to the utmost endurance of the men, and long before night we 
could hear the roar of cannon, which told of a terrible conflict going on, and that 
our presence might be of the utmost importance. So we pressed on in all possible 
haste, arriving in the vicinity of Franklin about 11 o'clock at night, and learned 
that a terrible battle had been fought that afternoon and was still going on. We 
were at once formed in line of battle, and ordered to "lie on our arms" and be 
ready to attack at dawn next morning. Those of us who remained awake learned 
before daylight that the enemy had retreated back upon Nashville, but not until 
they had fought us in one of the most desperate struggles of the war. 

Next day we moved on in the direction of Nashville, and found the enemy in 
great force and strongly fortified. Placed in line of battle, we moved forward un- 
til we met the enemy's skirmishers. Col. McGuire was again, as usual, put in 
command of the skirmish line covering the front of our division, and was ordered 
to attack and drive in the enemy's line, which was instantly done. We reached 
Nashville early in December, and after remaining in front of that city several 
days our brigade (Brown's) was again ordered to report to Geix. Forrest, at Mur- 
freesboro. 
31 



482 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Arrived in the vicinity of Murfreeabop)* we ibiind that Gen. Bate's division of 
infantry had preceded us, and that (ten. Bate was in command of the infantry 
while Gen. Forrest commanded the cavalry. The town was strongly garrisoned, 
and the plan was to draw the enemy out frum their iutrenchments, and give battle 
in the open field. After environing the place for a day or two, the infantry was 
'marched to the west and south-west of the town, and it was soon manifest that 
the enemy were under arms and in motion. We expected they were.coming out 
to give battle, and they did. Our forces were soon in position and ready for the 
fray. Col. McGuire on this occasion was given command of the right wing of 
Palmer's brigade (Brown's old brigade), the plan of battle was explained to him, 
and he was told he would be held responsible for the protection of the right dank 
of the position. Capt. Tucker was assigned command ol* the Thirty-second Regi- 
ment for the time being. Every thing was now ready, and the enemy were in 
position in our front. We moved forward and were ordered to charge, and did so, 
driving the Federals before us. Our losses in killed and wounded were severely 
felt; yet the men, seeing the confusion and retreat of the enemy, were very en- 
thusiastic, and all felt that another glorious victory had been achieved, when to 
our utter astonishment it was discovered that we were enfiladed from our left. 
Col. McGuire' s attention was called to this, and he found that the entire line of 
the Confederates, including the Carolina wing of Palmer's brigade, had withdrawn 
from the fight, and that only Brown's old brigade was engaged. How long this 
state of affairs had existed was not known, but enough time had elapsed for us 
to have fought over all the space intervening between the two opposing lines. 
and past the position held by the enemy, before we received their enfilading fire. 
To pursue the fight here would have been reckless, so we too retired. ■ 

After this the army retreated from Tennessee, went to .South Carolina, where 
Lee's corps fought Sherman from Branchville, S. C, to Charlotte, X. C. The last 
battle fought by the Thirty -second Tennessee Regiment was at Bentonvilie, X. C, 
March 14, 186-5, and was one in which the Thirty-second and the old brigade dis- 
tinguished themselves. The regiment now being very small, the old brigade was 
temporarily consolidated, and fought as one regiment under the command of Col. 
Andrew Searcy. The contest was short but sharp, and resulted disastrously to 
the Federals, who were repulsed with heavy loss in killed and wounded. 

Early in April the army was put in motion again, and although reduced to a 
mere skeleton, so to speak, such was the confidence of the men in Gen. Jos. E. 
Johnston that the condition of the various commands under him seemed never 
to have been better for effective service; but it had fought at Bentonvilie its last 
fight, and the Thirty-second Tennessee Regiment had achieved its last and most 
complete success. 

Official.'] Field and Staff, Thirty-second Tennessee Infantry. 

Colonel, Edmund C. Cook: Lieutenant-colonel, William P. Moore: Major, Wfti. J. Brown- 
low; Adjutant, Calvin Jones ; Quartermaster, John T-Shapard; Commissary, Shields vVilson; 
Surgeon, James F. Grant; Assistant Burgeon, IT. Lee Ouster; Chaplain, James S. Fiuiey. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, Calaway G. Tucker. 
Wright, James M., k. at GWciasmauga. J Harper, James M„ k. at Baaaea, Ga. 

Harrison, Geo. T.. k. at Fort Donelsoa. ' Pigg, Samuel R.. k. at Resaca, Ga- 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



483 



Harper, Alfred W„ d. Nov. 3, 1862. 
Finley, John C, d. Aug. 7, 1863. 
Murdock, Wm. N., d. Oct. 25, 1S63. 



Gunter, Thomas J,, d. Nov., 1S63. 
Barnes, James P., k. in battle. 
Ruth, James A., k. in battle. 



COMPANY B. 

Captain, John 31. Winstead. 
Marks, Charles E., k. at Chickamauga. i 3Xn.yGeld, Wm. J., k. in battle. 

Odineal, A. D., k. at Chickamauga. Bunch. James T., k. in battle. 

Arrowsmith, Wm., k. at Chickamauga. May field, Thomas J., k. in battle. 

Reasouer, Wm. S., k. at Chickamauga. Cooper, Jefferson, d. Nov. 20, 1861. 

Arrowsmith, JohD, k. in battle. Remro, William, d. Feb. 20, 1862. 

Dismukes, 31. B., k. in battle. Harwell, Andrew J., d. Sept., 1S63. 



Capti 
Johnson, James A., k. at Chickamauga. 
Watson, C. Y., k. at Chickamauga. 
Jackson. W. H., k. in battle. 
Crabb, Joseph, k. in battle. 
Hamilton, G. W., k. in battle. 
Johnston, Thomas F., d. at Carnp Trou 
Dickey, James H„ d. March 8, 1862. 
Flippo, Joseph 31., d. April 9, 1862. 
Johnson, Joseph W., d. April 2, 1S62. 
Jones Isaac T., d. Feb. 2. 1862. 
Johnson, Wm., k., d. 31arch 29,1862. 



COMPANY C. 

tin, Wm. P. Moore. 

j Lumpkins, Lewis F., d. April 14, 1862. 
Norwood, Charles N. E., d. Nov. 23, 1862. 
Raper, Thomas E., d. March 15, 1862. 
Scott, James B., d. Aug. 2.5, 1862. 
Sparkmau, Joseph A., d. Feb. 11,1862. 
sdale. Springer, James 31., d. Feb., 1862. 
Tidwell, Silas, d. 31arch8, 1862. 
Bashain, Eli H., d. 3Iarch 6, 1S62. 
Sparkman, W. C, d. Oct. IT. 1S63. 
Shores, James N., d. Jan. 8, 1864. 
Burns, W. W., d. April 20. 1864. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, Jacob H. Morton. 



Wilson, William, k. at Fort Donelson. 
Chapman, T. F., k. whilst carrying the colors, 

June 22, 1864. 
Leath, Z. H-, k. June 22, 1S64. 
Peach, J. 31., d. May 13, 1S64. 
Byers, Robert A., d. 3Iarch 21, 1862. 
Carson, Joseph B., d. Sept. IS, 1862. 



Dotson, Prisley P., d. April 6, 1862. 
Johnson, Napoleon B., d. March 1, 1852. 
Peach, Charles N., d. March 9, 1862. 
Sweet. James H., d. 3Iarch 10, 1362. 
York, Wm. H., d. March 31, 1863. 
Leath, J. W., d. Sept. 13, 1863. 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, Jacob 31. Bass. 



Butler, Wm. R- k. at Chickamauga. 
Smith, Hugh A., k. at Chickamauga. 
Glenn, George B., k. at Chickamauga. 
Wilson, Thomas EL, k. iu battle. 
3IcNeeley, Wm. G., k. in battle. 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, Joseph Young. 
Webb, Louis S., k. in battle. j Shands, James H., d. Dec. 7, 1861. 

Willford. Archibald S., k. in battle. Nevels, Abner G., d. April 4. 1S63. 

Randolph, Napoleon C, k. in battle, 
Nevels, Roderick 31., k. in battle. 
Doss, John H n k. in battle. 
Randolph, Carson P., k. in battle. 

COMPANY G. 

Captain, Fountain P. Wade. 



Cline, G. B., d. Aug. 25,1863. 
Hurney, Arelius L., d. Dec. 25, 1861. 
Vanhoozer, Sampson, d. Oct. 21, 1863. 
Leatherwood, Drury 31. D., d. Nov. 1, 1863. 



Cole, Samuel, d. April 30, 1863. 
Coble, Obadiah, d. June, 1863. 
Franklin, Jesse, d. April 15, 1863. 



Long, Sidney E., k. in battle. 
Yarbrough, Rufus W., k. in battle. 
Bat'mnie, John F-, k. in battle. 
Breecheen, Thomas F., k. in battle. 
Jones, Jame3 R., d. April 20, 1S63. 



Harper, Samuel 31., d. July 10, 1863. 
Jones, Joseph W., d. Nov. 16, 1863. 
Yarbrough, Carvey C, d. Feb. S, 1863. 
Endsley, Wm. M.. d. Feb. 17, 1S63. 
Walter, T. 31., d. 3Iarch, 1864. 



484 



Military Annals or Tennessee. 



Hazelett, J. B., d. July 20, 1SG4. 
Yarbrough., Thomas, d. May 27, 1864. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, Thoma3 Hannah 



| Wade, Capt. Fountain P., -J. Nov. 21, 1862. 



Brady, Wm. D., k. at Chickamauga. 
Johnson, Wiley L., k. at Chickamauga. 
Cos, James, k. at Chickamauga. 
Gatlin, David J., k. at Resaca, Ga. 
Randolph. S. S., k. June 22. 186*. 
Hopson, S. J., k. June 22, 18G4. 
Griffin, Isaac G., d. Dec. 15. 1861. 



Anthony James C, d. Dec. 15, 1861. 
Appleton, Thomas J., d. Dec. 11, 1SG1. 
Pierce, Wm. J., d. Dec. 16, 1861. 
Hogan. John W., d. June 20, 1S63. 
Bass, Jesse* d. May 6, 1*63. 
Jones, John L., d. Oct. 6, 1S63. 
Kumbrough, John J., d. Sept. 14, 1863. 



COMPANY I. 
Captain, W. A: Summers. 



Harrison, J. W., k. at Chickamauga. 
Moseley, W. T., k. at Chickamauga. 
Cunningham, John \V., k. at Chickamauga. 
Summers, Abner, k. on picket. 
Hopper, E. G., k. on picket. 
Collins, Asher G., k. on picket. 
Dorris, John 3., k. in battle. 
Roden, J. B.. k. in battle. 



j Braden, J. W., k. in battle. 

i Brashier, J. N., k. in battle. 

: Bryan, Jesse L., k. July 25, LS63. 

I Bowlio. Thomas G., k. April 26, 1863. 

j Brasier, W. M., k. Oct. 17,1863. 

j Campbell, John, k. Oct, 12, 1863. 

i Shires, W. C, k. Oet. 14, 13C3. 



COMPANY K. 
Captain, John D. Clarke. 



Sansom, William, d. March 15, 1862. 
Conn, Robt. D., d. June 16, 1863. 
Wilcox, Kendriek, d. April 2, 1863. 
Hays, William, d. March 16, 18G2. 
Elkins, Wm. P., d. March 20, 1862. 
Bennett, James H., d. Dec. 16, 1861. 



Ikord. Capt. Elijah H., d. April 20, 186 
Norton, James O., u. March 4, 1862. 
Reed, John, d. Nov. 23, 1*64. 
Dosseti, George, d. 
Parton, Geo. W., d. Dec. 4, 1862. 
Churchman, John R., d. Dee. 16, 1861. 



THIRTY-THIRD TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

By Alex. W. Campbell, Jackson, Tenn. 

This regiment was organized Oct. 18, 1361, near Union City, Tenn., by Lieut.- 
col. W. M. Cason — acting under orders from Maj.-gen. Leonidas Polk — by the 
election of Alex. W. Campbell, Colonel; W. P. Jones, Lieutenant-colonel; and 
H. C. McNeill, Major. 

The archives of the first and second year's operations of the regiment were lost 
in 1863, and the only sources of information now accessible to the writer are frag- 
mentary memoranda and the recollection of its surviving members widely scat- 
tered throughout the South and South-west. 

At the time of the organization the following constituted the officers of the reg- 
iment. Field and staff': Colonel. Alex. W. Campbell; Lieutenant-colonel, W. P. 
Jones;* Major, H. C. McNeill;* Adjutant, J. C. Harris;* Surgeon, Dr. J. M. 
Alexander;! Assistant Surgeon, Dr. John Baxter ;f Quartermaster, William E. 
Caldwell;* Commissary, James Wilson.* The respective companies were offi- 
cered as follows: 

Co. A: Captain, A. S. Howard: First Lieutenant, H. W. Hickman; Second 
Lieutenant, Benjamin Gray;j Brevet Second Lieutenant, A. E. Calheun.i 

♦Killed in ba:tle. | Died since the war. * K ; I!ed and died in service. 



Eegimental Histories and Memorial Bolls. 



485 



Co. B: Captain, Thomas Saey; First Lieutenant, W, B. Manly; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Thomas G. Bond; Brevet Second Lieutenant, L. M. Johnson. 

Co. C: Captain W. F. M::rberry; First Lieutenant, James Lynch; Second Lieu- 
tenant, B. A. Johns; Brevet Second Lieutenant, Lassiter, 

Co. D: Captain, W. H. Frost; First Lieutenant, James R. Scott; Second Lieu- 
tenant, P. J. Ctimmings; Brevet Second Lieutenant, R. N. Payne. 

Co. E: Captain, Dick Huteherson; First Lieutenant, II. C. MeNeai;* Second 
Lieutenant, Frank Brooks; Brevet Second Lieutenant, J. W. "Walker. 

Co. F: Captain, John Bedford; First Lieutenant, William Youree; Second 
Lieutenant, William Morris; Third Lieutenant, W. B. Jones. 

Co. G: Captain, Warner P. Jones;* First Lieutenant, J. F. Carpenter; Second 
Lieutenant, B. M. Smith ; * Brevet Second Lieutenant, E. It. Morrand. 

Co. II: Captain. W, II. McWhJrter; * First Lieutenant, Samuel Ridge way; 
Second Lieutenant. Ki Hebrew; Brevet Second Lieutenant, Brand. 

Co. I: Captain, James Wilson: First Lieutenant, W. E. Caldwell;* Second 
Lieutenant, William Jackson;* Brevet Second Lieutenant, Thomas Stovall.* 

Co. K: Captain, James Bradford;* First Lieutenant, W. M. Huteherson; Sec- 
ond Lieutenant, S. Cochran.* 

Of the ten companies composing the regiment six were from Obion, to wit, 
companies A, D, F. G, I, and K; two from Weakley — companies E and H; one 
from Madison — Company B; and one from Calloway county, Ky. — Company C. 

The regiment remained in camp of instruction near Union City until January, 
1862, when it moved to Columbus, Ky. While in camp of instruction it had un- 
usual facilities for instruction in tactics and drill, except in the manual of arms, 
which at that time were almost unobtainable. Previous to the move to Colum- 
bus, only a few - companies were partially armed, mostly Avith shotguns and hunt- 
ing rifles. There a few more arms 'were obtained. But the arming of the entire 
regiment was not completed until a few weeks before the battle of Shiloh, when 
we obtained some flint and steel muskets as a loan. 

After arriving at Columbus the regiment went into winter-quarters, and while 
there was employed as industriously a-- possible in perfecting its drill in the manual 
of arms, by appointing different drill hours so that several men might use the same 
gun. The difficulties under which they labored in preparing for service seemed 
to excite the officers and men to increased diligence, and before the Thirty-third 
left Columbus it was one of the best drilled regiments in the division. 

The regiment received its baptism of blood on the sanguinary field of Shiloh. 
It belonged to Brig.-gen. A. P. Stewart's brigade, of Brig.-gen. Clark's division, 
Maj.-gen. Leonidas Polk's corps. There was one part of the operations of the 
battle of Shiloh in which some of the historians have made a slight mistake, 
and in justice to the Fifth Tenuessee, commanded by Lieut.-col. C. D. Venable, 
and the Thirty-third Regiment, it should be corrected. It will be remembered 
that Polk's corps — with the exception of one brigade— was held in reserve in the 
opening of the engagement, supporting Bragg and Hardee, and did not engage 
the enemy until the battle had progressed for more than an hour. It will also be 
remembered that the most stubborn resistance made by the enemy was upon that 
part of his line occupied by Prentiss's brigade. Several unsuccessful attempts had 
been made to carry it, until eventually Russell's brigade, of Cheatham's division, 

Killed and die'] in service. 



486 Military Aunalb of Tennessee. 

_ 

succeeded in driving back the line on Prentiss's right, and was threatening his 
flank. His front for a considerable distance was protected by large timber, which 
had been felled in front of his camp, and piled up, apparently to clear the space 
for dress-parade ground. The Confederate force in his front was carrying on a 
desultory skirmishing from a depression in the ground nearly parallel with the 
line, when the Fifth and Thirty-third regiments moved up to their support. 
Although in rear of the line these regiments were supporting, their position, ow- 
ing to the topography of the ground, was very much more exposed. For some 
time they remained stationary, receiving a galling (ire which they could not return 
without firing over their friends in front, except about the length of a company 
on the right of the Thirty-third. Many of the brave men and officers of the two 
regiments fell killed and wounded without having fired a gun. It became obvi- 
ous that these regiments must either fall back or advance. The Colonel of the 
Thirty-third, being temporarily in command of both regiments, determined to ad- 
vance. Let Gen. Polk's report of the battle tell what followed: 

"These three brigades, with occasionally a regiment of some other corps which 
became detached, were fully employed in the field assigned me. They fought over 
the same ground three times, as the fortunes of the day varied, always with stead- 
iness (a single instance only excepted, and that only for a moment), and with oc- 
casional instances of brilliant courage. Such was the case of the Thirty-third 
Regiment Tennessee Volunteers, under Col. A. W. Campbell, and the Fifth Ten- 
nessee, under Lieut. -col. V enable, both for the moment under command of Col. 
Campbell. Shortly after they were brought forward as a supporting force they 
found themselves ordered to support two regiments of the line before them, which 
were lying down engaging the enemy irregularly. On advancing they drew the 
enemy's fire over the heads of the regiments in their front. It was "of so fierce a 
character that they must either advance or fall back. Campbell called to the reg- 
iments before him to charge. This they declined to do. He then gave orders to 
his own regiments to charge, and led them in gallant style over the heads of the 
regiments lying in advance of him, sweeping the enemy before him, and putting 
them completely to rout. In tins charge Col. Campbell was severely wounded, 
but still retained his command.'' 

Prentiss upon being driven back found that Russell had got upon his flank and 
was closing in on him. The Confederate cavalry was moving to his rear. The 
Fifth and Thirty-third Tennessee pressing him in front, he threw up a white flag 
and surrendered his sword to Col. Kussell. 

Some of the historians of the battle give the credit of forcing Prentiss back to 
the position where he was captured to the commands to which the Fifth and 
Thirty-third were a supporting force— a very natural mistake to be made by a 
person not an eye-witness; because after his line was broken both commands 
pressed as close after him as the nature of the ground would admit. 

From the arms captured with Prentiss the Thirty-third selected the best and 
latest improved guns that were made, and left their old flint-locks in place of 
them. As soon as the men got their new guns and tilled their cartridge-boxes with 
suitable ammunition, the regiment was pressed on to the front in the direction of 
the Tennessee Fliver. After reaching the river, with its right flank near the bank, 
it moved down the river in the direction of the point to which the enemv had 
been driven, and approached so near that the disordered and routed condition of 



Regimental Histobies and Memorial Kolls. 187 



his ranks was plainly visible. Being so near the river-bank, and the elevation bo 
great, the gun-boats were unable to do any injury other than cutting off the tops 
and branches of trees overhead. The force collected around Pittsburg Landing 

seemed so thoroughly demoralized that no organized resistance was lonij male, 
except a few pieces of field artillery, which were operated chiefly to our left in 
the direction of Breckinridge's command, a portion of which we could see in 
motion toward them. Seeing Breckinridge's troops coming np, the Thirty-third 
was halted until they could advance to an alignment with our left. While thus 
waiting an order was received through a staff officer to fait back. Thinking there 
must be some mistake about the order, the Colonel of the regiment rode over to 
Gen. Breckinridge, Who was in sight, and informed him of the order just received 
and asked him if he did not think it was a mistake. His reply was, " It is clear- 
ly a mistake," but he supposed there was no doubt that the order had been issued. 
as he had received it also. The regiment fell back about half a mile, wiien orders 
were received to halt and form in line of battle, which was done, and we remained 
there until after daylight next morning, receiving a desultory tire from the ene- 
my's gun-boats during the night. Out of something less than five hundred men 
who had gone into action in the morning, nearly two hundred had been killed and 
wounded during the day. 

The next morning the regiment received orders to move to the left and take 
position in front of Kuggles's brigade as skirmishers. The enemy during the 
night crossed the river with a strong force and pressed heavily upon our left, but 
were kept in check until about 4 o'clock in the afternoon, when we were ordered 
to retire from the field. During this part of the engagement it frequently occurred 
that for hours at a time the Thirty-third, part of ths Sixth, and Thirteenth 
Tennessee, together with stragglers from other commands which had attached 
themselves to the Thirty-third, were the only force obstructing the ad%-ance of the 
enemy on that part of the field. At one time a section of Smith's battery was 
brought up, and the Colonel decided upon a counter-charge, but the guns were 
handled by details made from the infantry and kept in alignment with the regi- 
ment as nearly as possible, and firing from time to time as we advanced, that part 
of the enemy's line was driven back for near a quarter of a mile. This was the 
last engagement on the bloody field of Shiloh. 

After retiring from the field the regiment was marched back to Corinth, and was 
engaged almost constantly in the affairs and skirmishes which occurred at that 
place previous to its evacuation. 

The next battle in which the regiment engaged was at Perryville. It will be re- 
membered that in the disposition which was made of our army on the night be- 
fore the battle commenced, Cheatham's division, to which the Thirty-third was 
then attached, occupied the extreme left, and there awaited the attack of the 
enemy. About noon the next day, having shown no disposition to bring on an 
engagement, it was ascertained that he was extending his left beyond our risrht. 
Gen. Polk ordered Cheatham's division to move in rear of and to the right :" 
Hardee, and assume tiie offensive as soon as uncovered. Soon after the heal 
of Cheatham's column had passed Hardee's right, it. was discovered that the enemy 
had occupied a high hill with a body of sharp-shooters, and were attempting to 
place a battery on that height, which commanded the whole of that part of the field 
over which the division had to pass to get into position. The Thirty-third was 



4SS Military Annals of Tennessee. 



ordered to advance and dislodge the enemy and hold the position at all hazards 
until the movement in the rear was completed. Moving to the front, the regiment 
succeeded in driving the force buck on its reserves, which occupied the interval of 
a creek in front of the enemy's lines, and held the heights until the division got 
into position. While occupying this position the regiment was formed just behind 
the crest of the ridge in full view of a large part of the enemy's lines, which were 
some six hundred yards distant. The concentrated lire of his artillery was kept 
on us until we moved to our place in the brigade, when the advance movement 
was made. Perhaps in the annais of war no more brilliant feat in arms was ever 
performed than Cheatham's brave Tennesseans achieved that October afternoon. 
There were but little more than four thousand of them. They attacked Critten- 
den's entire corps, numbering nearly four to. one, with greatly the advantage in 
position, artillery, and length of line. They sustained not only his fire from the 
front, but part of the time a galling enfilade on the flank. The attack was made 
in two lines. The attacking force for some distance passed through open fields 
and meadows at carry arms; and as the raking shot and shell made great 
gaps in the ranks, with scarcely a halt they were closed with the coolness and pre- 
cision of the drill-field. Victory in Kentucky meant relief to overrun, battle- 
scarred Tennes.-ee, and protection for their homes and their household gods. On 
went the four thousand with shout and yell, breaking and crushing four of the ene- 
my's lines, capturing his artillery, driving him in rout and disaster from the field, 
when night put an end to the conflict. We remained on the field we had con- 
quered until between one and two o'clock next morning, when information was 
received that another force of the enemy as large as our own was moving on our 
right and threatening our rear. We then moved back to Harrodsburg. and from 
there to East Tennessee. During this movement the writer was assigned to an- 
other command, and was never afterward in immediate command of the regi- 
ment. 

Col. W. P. Jones, who succeeded to the command of the regiment, and Col. H. 
C. McNeal, who succeeded him, were both killed in battle in the memorable cam- 
paign from Dalton to Atlanta. Col. E. X. Payne ; who succeeded Col. McNeal, 
commanded the regiment at the surrender, and is still living. 

It is to be regretted it is not admissible to speak more in detail of the operations 

; of this regiment and deeds of heroism of its gallant men and officers, but that 

would be to Avrite a book; for it may be truly said of it, as of all that immortal 

band which will be known in history as Cheatham's Tennessee division when the 

sands of time shall have marked the centuries, none were braver, none more 
I > ..... 

cheerful in the discharge of duty, nor more patriotic in their devotion to the cause 

they had espoused, than the Thirty-third Eegiment of Tennessee Volunteers 



Official.'] Field and Staff, Thirty-third Tennessee Infantry. 

Colonels: W. P. Jones, [Ales. W. Campbell]; Lieutenant-colonel, H. C. McNeal; Major, R. 
N.Payne; Surgeon, J, M.Alexander; Assistant Quartermaster, S. M.Wilson; Adjutant, Paul 
Jones. 

COMPANY A. 

Captain, H. W. Hickman. 

Glover, J. M., k. in the oatcle of Perrvvilie. 



Begimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



489 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, Thomas Lacey. 



Pace, D. A., k. in the battle of Shiloh. 
Baios, J. L., k. in the battle of Shiloh. 
Bailey, A. C, k. in the battle of Shiloh. 
Johnson, L. S., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Armstead, J. F., d. Feb. 24, 1862. 
Butler, Thomas R., d. Jan., 186::!. 



Collins, Jair.es, d. in prison. 
Holton, B. F., d. Nov., 1863., 
Johns, W. R., d. May. 1863. 
Jones, Thomas B., d. May, 1S63. 
Moore, Wm. M., d. May, 1863. 
Woodson, J. D., d. during service. 



Otulaud, W. C, k. at Shiloh. 
Underwood, J. T., k. at Shiloh. 
Osborn, G. W., k. at Perry ville. 
Underwood, Jonathan, k. at Perryville. 
West, W. M., k. at Perryville. 
Hodges, Wm. B., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Hodges, J. T., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Stralev, George W., k. at Missionary Ridge 
Lassiter, John B., d. Feb. 3, 1862. 
Stilley, W. M., d. Feb. 11. 1862. 
Bucey, E. S., d. Feb. 9, 1862. 
Bowl in, J. S., d. March 12, 1862. 
Bucey, J. L., d. June 5, 1862. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, W. F. Miarberry. 

Hogan, W. T., d. April 4, 1862. 
Jameson, A. P., d. June 7, 1862. 
L^siter, B. F. M, d. April 1. 1862. 
Munfee, R. S., d. May 2S : 1862. 
Sander?, Robert, d. June 5. 1862. 
Underwood, Alfred, d. April 22, 1862. 
Underwood, J. T., k. at Shiloh. 
Waters, R. C, d. May 8, 1862. 
Stubbleneld, R. C, d. July 9, 1862. 
Stilley, J. C, d. July 15, 1862. 
Kirnbro, W. A., d. at Macon. 
Medro, J. M., d. Nov. 1, 1862. 
Bucey, Thomas T., d. Aug. 15, 1802. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, James R. Scott. 



Pursley, G. W., k. at Chickamauga. 
Wilson, N. B., k. at Chickamauga. 
Norrid, G. W., k. at Chickamauga. 
Calhoun, M. A., k. at Shiloh. 
Fortman, Frederick, k. at Shiloh. 
Gills, J. W..k. at Shiloh. 
Henderson, R. H., k. at Shiloh. 
Cloys, R. H., d. Feb. 12, 1862. 
Caruthers, M. M., d. May 15, 1S62. 
Duncan, William, d. May 12, 1862. 
Felts, George, d. May 3, 1862. 
Garrison, A. C, d. April 6, 1862. 



I s bee, Paul, d. May 20, 1862. 
Loudon, J. P., d. April 17, 1S62. 
Oliver, E. ST., d. June 7, 1*862; 
Page, S.B., d. May 28, 1862. 
Stone, W. G., d. Jan. 15, 1862. 
Sanders, S. W.. d. Feb. 26, 1862. 
Caldwell, D. W., d. Jan. 15, 1863. 
Park. R. M., d. Nov. 20, 1862. 
Park, M. M., d. Jan. 4, 1S63. 
White, W. F., d. March 19, 1863. 
Fi3her, Cage, d. April 15, 1862. 



Foster, Alfred, k. at Chickamauga. 
Hutchison, W. P., k. at Murfreesboro 
Brown, B., k. at Shilch. 
Chappel, W. A, d. March 30. 1862. 
Hays, W. G., d. April 22, 1862. 
Johnson, J. J., d. May 10, 1862. 
Kiskendall, A. J., d. April 24, 1862. 
Lane, J. T., d. June, 1862. 
Monroe, J. C, d. April 21, 1862, 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, J. W. Walker. 

Norriel, J. W., d. June 15. 1862. 
Newell, Frank, d. June 30, 1862. 
Underwood, J. M., d. April 20, 1862. 
Gammons, J. S., d. Sept. 17. 1862. 
Lindsey, R. D., d. Nov., 1862. 
Parrid, J. M., d. Nov. 7, 186-1 
Stovall, J. H., d. Nov. 11, 1862. 
Sullivan, John, d. Oct., 1862. 
Waters, L., d. Nov. 4, 1862. 



Duncan, J. D., k. at Chickamauga. 
Schuck, J. W„ k. at Chickamauga. 
Wade, Allen, k. at Perryville. 
Shore, J. C, k. at Perryville. 
Shore, W. L., k. at Missionary Ridge. 
Calhoun, R. F., k. in a skirmish. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, R. F. Morns. 

i Parham, G. T., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Durfey, H. B., d. July 4, 18C3. 
Toumhs, J. R. J., d. Oct. 12, 1862. 
Osborn, J. W., d. 
Clark, Vv. O, d. Nov. 24, 1862. 
| Pickens, B. F., d. May 18, 1862. 



490 



Keal, R. M., d. 
Joyce, Wdi., d. 



Military Annals of Tennessee, 

I Calhoun, A. J., d. 

I Blassingamc, D. C, d. 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, B. H. Smith. 



Allison, Samuel J., k. at Perryville. 
King. John, k. at Perryville. 
Allen, John. k. at Perryville. 
Allison, David A., k. at Perryville. 
Click, John, k. at Perryville. 
Davis, James, J., k. at Perryville. 
Stanfield, M. L., k. at Perryville. 
Sharpe, John M., k. at Perryville. 
Reames, Churchill, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Smith, Capt. B. H., d. Nov. 3, 1862. 
Asbury, Samuel, d. 



Bettisworth, Chas., d. Sept.,18G2. 
Anderson, John S., d. June 10,1852. 
Grimes, Heogry, d. 
Fletcher, Wm. C, d. June 10, 18C2. 
King, Charles \\\, d. July 11, 1862. 
Wynne, P. M., d. June 21, 1802. 
Edwards, Geo. W., d. April 1, 1S62. 
Estridge, John, d. April 22, 1862. 
Pounds. Andrew J., d. March 15, 1862. 
Wann, Lafayette, d. March 15, 1862. 



Hall, W. A., k. at Chiekamauga. 

MeWherter, Capt. W. R., k. at Chiekamauga. 
Bright, Tobias, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Bray, F. M., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Mazeli, J. L., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Roberts, B. F., k. at Shiloh. 
Long, Osteen, k. at Shiloh. 
Barber, E. T., d. April, 1862. 



COMPANY H. 
Captain, T. 0. Killgore. 

Howard, W. A., d. May 7, 1862. 
Hicks, Isaiah, d. May 7, 1802. 
Massey, J. H., d. Aug. 5, 1862. 
Page, W. B„ d. March 13, 1862. 
Roberts, 11. S., d. July 25, 1862. 
Weyhl, Bushrod, d. April, 1362. 
Roberts, J. L., d. 



Wilson, J. C, k. at Shiloh. 
Autry, W. G , k. at Shiloh. 
Wiggins, W. W., k. at Shiloh. 
Smith, J. E., k. at Shiloh. 
Tucker, D. N\, k. at Perryville. 
Stovall, T. R., k. at Perryville. 
Hayes, J. E., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Amis, T. J., d. May 31, 1862. 
Bulin, L. fcl., d. May 1, 1862. 



Miller, John W., k. at Shiloh. 
Husey, Jesse, d. April 20, 1862 



COMPANY I. 
Captain, J. M. Wilson. 

Burress, J. M., d. April 5, 1862. 
Guinn, M. B.. d. June in, 1862. 
Huckerly, J. P., d. June 30, 1SG2. 
Martin, J. D., d. May 10, 1S62. 
Rivers, William, d. April 10, 1862. 
Streton, W. O. d. May 10. 1802. 
Wilson, H. A., d. March 15, 1862. 
Crockett, David, d. March 14, 1362. 
Williams, E. Si, d. at Alton, 111. 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, James M. Bradford. 

I Smith, M. D., d. April 6, 1862. 
' Watterson, W., d, Aug. 20, 18C3. 



THIRTY-FOURTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY, 



Official.] Field and Staff. 

Colonel, Wm. M. Churchill; Lieutenant-colonel, James A. McMurray; Major, Robert N. 
Lewis; Adjutant, Henry B. Compton ; Assistant Surgeon, James M. Outen ; Quartermaster, 
Joseph Davenport; Commissary, J. H.Hartmas; Chaplain, S. M. Cherry. 

COMPANY A. 

Captain, M. Fitzpatriek. 

Fitzwilliams, Thomas B., k. in the battle of j Douohue, Martin, k. in the battle of Murfrees- 

Chiekamauga. boro. 

Bolton, William, d. July 15, 1863. ! Arrowwood. S. M., d. April, 1863. 



.Regimental Histories and Memorial .Rolls. 



£91 






COMPANY B. 
Captain, O. H. P. Williams. 
Alford, P. H., k. at Chickamauga. | Beard, S. C, d. 

Manage, Pic hard, d. April 15, 1863. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, Wtn. H. Burroughs. 



Burgess, J. S., k. at Chickamauga. 
Shelcon, D. P., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Sparks, Levi, d. Oct. 5, 1861. 
Tipton, T. J., d. Feb. 28, 1862. 
Box, Allen, d. April 12, 1862. 
Gideon, W., d. April 21, 1S02. 
Hamilton, W, A., d. March 7, 1S62. 
MeNelly, J. H., d. April 17, 1862. 
Story, G. W., d. March 21, 1862. 



Ousley, J. T., d. June 10, 1S62. 
Austin, Johu. d. Dec. 5, 1862. 
Germon, David, d. Dee* C, 1862. 
Campbell, R. B., d. April 6, 1863. 
| Hamilton, H. H., d. April 6, 1S63. 
Evuns, Isaac, d. 

Thompson, C, d. March 5, 1803. 
Tipton, S. G., d. Sept. 23, 1863. 



COMPANY D. 

Captain, Philip H. Roberts. 



Turner, James R., k. at Chickamauga. 
Payne, Newton J., k. at Chickamauga. 
Floyd, David, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Sutherland, J. C, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Smith, W. C. d. Jan. 20, 1863. 
"White, Walter W. k. ia the battle of Mission- 
ary Ridge. 



Gilliam, B. F., d. 

Farris, Thomas, d. 

Wall, Daniel C, d. 

Rush, Joseph W., d. 

Kilgore, Charles, d. Dec, 1S62. 

Gibbs, William T., d. Sept. 20, 1861. 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, E. D. Polk. 



Cunningham, A. T., k. at Chickamauga. 
Davis, J. L., d. Oct. 17, 1863. 
Winn, A. J., d. April 6, 1863. 



Flake, R. L., d. May 14, 1862. 
Wolf, A. J., d.J une 15, 1862. 
Thomas, J. M., d. Aug. 10, 1S62. 



Graves, J. F., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Jackson, J. W., k. in battle. 
Shasteen, G. W., k. in battle. 
Steagall, W. T., k. in battle. 
Shasteen, T. P., k. in battle. 
Shasteen, A. H., k. in battle. 
Parks, W. H., d. Sept. 21, 1S63. 
Muse, D. P., d. Sept., 1S63. 
Farrar, H. C, d. Sept. 27, 1863. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, G. W. Byron. 

Brown, M. J. S., d. 
Bean, J. W, d. 
Davis, Marshall, d. 
Pollock, J. 3., d. March 18, 1863. 
Shasteen, A. W., d. March 22, 1863. 
Garner, F. A., d. Nov. 6, 1862. 
P:irks, C. L., d. May .4, 1S62. 
Brandon, W. A., d. Sept. 9, 1862. 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, Campbell Brown. 
Manns, Nathan, k. at Chickamauga. j Halt, Thomas, d. 

Dorsey, Daniel, d. Aug. 15, 1862. j Sane, G. M., d. Jan. 30, 1862. 

Rogers, Wm. A., d. Sept. 1, 1862. j Eply, Jesse, d. June 25, 1862 

Lowry, Samuel, d. Aug. 31, 1862. j 



Bane, G. W., k. at Chickamauga. 
Knight, T. Y, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Mullen, W., k. in battle. 



Eilems, G. W.. d. during service. 
Lax, Richard, d. during service. 



COMPANY H. 
Captain, Joseph Bostick. 

Wise, T. L., k. in battle. 
Blakely, John, d. Jan. 17, 1863. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, W. H. Dicus. 

| Miller, Daniel, d. during service, 
j Yinyard, T.B., d. April 9, 1863. 



492 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Phillips, Reuben, d. April 22, 1363. 
Pearson, William, d. Jan. 27. 1*63. 
Montgomery, Davis, d. April 7, lStjC 



Waller, Goorge, d. Aug, 21, 1865 
Sanders, S. L., d. Aug. 6, 1862. 



COMPANY K. 
Captaiu, James E. Martin. 



THIRTY-FIFTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

By Tho3. A. Head, McMinnville, Tenn. 

The Fifth Regiment Tennessee Volunteers was subsequently known as the 
Thirty-fifth Regiment, and was composed of volunteer companies from the coun- 
ties of Warren, Cannon, Grundy. Sequatchie, Bledsoe, and Van Buren — viz.: 
Go. A, from Grundy county, Captain Hannah; Co. B, from Warren county, Cap- 
tain John W. Towles; Co. C, from Warren county, Captain Charles M. Forrest; 
Co. D, from Warren county, Captain W. T. Christian; Co. E, from Van Buren 
coxnty, Captain W. Rurriel Cummings; Co. F, from Warren county, Captain Fd. 
J. Wood; Co. G, from Cannon county, Captain James H. Woods; Co. H, from 
Warren county, Captain John Macon; Co. I, from Bledsoe county, Captain L. L. 
Dearman; Co. K, from Sequatchie county, Captain W. D. Stewart. The com- 
panies were, organized into a regiment at Camp Smartt, near McMinnville, Tenn., 
on the 6th day of September, 1861, by the election of Benj. J. Hill Colonel. 

The field and staff of the regiment were as follows: Benj. J. Hill, Colonel; 
John L. Spurlock, Lieutenant-colonel; Joseph Brown, Major; Dr. W. C. Barns, 
Surgeon; Dr. J. W. Woolen and Dr. J. M. Bell, Assistant Surgeons; Captain 0. 
F. Brewster, Quartermaster; Rev. David P. Ritchey, Chaplain. 

The regiment, after organizing, remained in camp of instruction at Camp 
Smartt for three weeks, when it was sent to Bowling Green, Ky., and placed in 
Brig.-gen. P. R. Cleburne's brigade of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston's army. Re- 
maining at Bowling Green until the battle of Fort Donelson, it accompanied its 
brigade in the evacuation of Tennessee, and participated in the great battle of 
Shiloh, on the 6th and 7th of April, 1S62. 

Col. B. J. Hill, at the breaking out of the civil war, espoused the cause of his 
Southern brethren, and enlisted in the Fifth (afterward the Thirty -fifth 1 ) Regi- 
ment Tennessee Volunteers in September, 1861, and was chosen its commander by 
the unanimous voice of its members. His regiment acted a distinguished part in 
the various battles of the Western Army, beginning at Shiloh. In this battle Col. 
Hill led his regiment in the thickest of the fight, and for his gallantry and the 
gallantry of his regiment he was mentioned in honorable and commendatory 
terms by Gen. Cleburne, whose high appreciation and firm friendship seemed to 
have their origin on this occasion, and ever afterward Col. Hill was a favorite of 
his brigade commanders. 

In the battle of Shiloh the Fifth Tennessee Regiment carried into the engage- 
ment an effective total of three hundred and nine guns. The regimeut su tiered 
severely in the engagements of each day. The brigade to which the regiment be- 
longed (Cleburne's) numbered two thousand seven hundred and fifty men, out of 
which one thousand were killed and wounded, and thirty-two were missing. The 
Fifth Tennessee captured about one hundred prisoners during the two days en- 
gagement. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 493 

The following is the official report of Col. Hill of the part the Fifth Regiment 
Tennessee Volunteers bore in this battle: 

"Heao-quakteks Fifth Tekksssee Regiment, Provision ae Army, 
"Camp near Corinth, Miss., April 15, 1S62. 

"Sir: In compliance with your request, I have the honor to make the following 
report, showing the positions occupied by my command during the eventful 
scenes of the Gth and 7th instant, at Shiloh, in Hardin county, Tennessee. 

"*My regiment was detailed to do picket duty on Saturday night (5th I, and was 
thrown out within three or four miles of the enemy's encampment. At daylight 
Sunday morning we were ordered to advance, with the remainder of your brigade, 
the Sixth Mississippi (Col. Thornton) on my right, and the Twenty-fourth Ten- 
nessee (Lieut .-col. Peebles) on my left. We advanced some three miles, when our 
pickets commenced a sharp and lively skirmish. We continued to advance, and 
drove them before us to within rive hundred yards of the Federal encampment. 
They opened a terrible lire upon our columns. A deep ravine, full of green 
briers and grape-vines, separated us from Col. Thornton's regiment. My right 
was exposed to a severe flank fire from a battery and from musketry and other 
small arms. We were at the foot of a long hill, upon which the enemy were 
hidden. Captain Hannah, of Co. A, and several others were killed at this place, and 
many wounded. The Fifteenth Arkansas (Lieut.-col. Patton) was in advance of 
us, and deployed as skirmishers, but was soon called in to sustain the Twenty- 
fourth Tennessee, on the left, which it performed gallantly and promptly. The 
fixing was constant and continuous for half or three-quo rters of an hour, when one 
of the aids of Gen. Beauregard came to me and said that the battery on the 
right must be charged and silenced at all hazards. I gave the word, and my brave 
boys promptly responded to it. We charged, dispersed the enemy, and silenced 
the battery. As the enemy retreated ray marksmen had better opportunity for 
trying their skill, and well did they improve it, as was proved by the number of 
the enemy who there fell. We continued on at double-quick for nearly a mile, 
crossing their first encampment, and formed line of battle at the foot of the next 
hill. 

"At this time the Twenty-third Tennessee (Lieut.-col. Neill ) and the Sixth Mis- 
sissippi (Colonel Thornton), constituting the right wing of your brigade, getting 
separated, you had to go to their aid. I as senior Colonel was then directed by 
one of Gen. Beauregard's staff to take command of all the troops on my left, which 
I did, and formed them in line of battle to keep back their right wing. Thus, 
with two Louisiana regiments on the left of your brigade, the Texas Bangers en 
the extreme left on Owl Creek, a battery in our rear, the Louisiana cavalry as 
pickets, and the Fifteenth Arkansas (Lieut.-col. Patton) as skirmishers, we ad- 
vanced at once, driving the extreme right of the- enemy for at least a mile before 
us. They halted at their third encampment, and gave us a stubborn fight. The 
Fourth Kentucky and a battalion of Alabama troops were here on our right, shel- 
tered under the brow of a hill. They had been giving the enemy a hot fire, but 
ceased as we came up. My regiment then opened a terrible tire upon the enemy, 
and kept it up alone for a short time, when the Twenty-fourth Tennessee joined 
with us in firing upion them. Col. Freeman, commanding a Tennessee regiment, 
with a squadron of cavalry, then moved rapidly to the left and opened rlre upon 
their right flank. This, in conjunction witli our fire in from, told with terrible 



494: Military Anxals of Tennessee. 



effect, and they retreated, leaving many of their dead and wounded behind them. 
We pursued them, and had just formed on the fourth hill and in sight of their 
fourth encampment, when you returned to cheer us with your presence and to 
supply us with ammunition. 

"The remainder of the evening and during the next day (Monday) we fought 
under your immediate command. It is unnecessary for me to enumerate and re- 
| cite the many charges and the many incidents that occurred on Monday, as ycu 

were in command and witnessed them all. 

" In conclusion I beg leave to say that my men, though inexperienced, fought 
well and bravely, and never failed to charge or rally when I commanded them to 
do so. As far as my observation went, all the Tennessee troops fought well. So 
it was with the Arkansas troops, the Mississippi, the Kentucky, and the Alabama 
troops on the left. All of them fought nobly and gallantly, and against great 
odds. My regiment captured about one hundred prisoners during the two days 
fighting. " 

"With great respect, your obedient servant, Benj. J. Hilt., 

"Colonel Commanding- Fifth Tennessee Regiment, Provisional Army. 

i "Brig.-gen. P. R. Cleburne, 

"Commanding Second Brigade." 



"Head-quarters Fifth Tennessee Regiment, Provisional Army, 

". Camp Hill, Miss., April 25, 1862. 

"Sir: In obedience to Special Orders No. — , of date the 21st instant, in relation 
to the number of men of this regiment engaged in the battles at Shiloh, on the 
6th and 7th instant, I have to report as follows, to wit: Number detailed as infirm- 
ary or hospital corps, 29; number detailed to go with artillery, 6; number detailed 
to go with the sappers and miners, 1; number detailed as wagon-guard, 3; number 
detailed to guard am munition, 2; total detailed, 41. Number of non-commis- 
sioned officers and privates engaged, 328; number of company officers (commis- 
sioned), S3; number of field officers, 3; number of staff officers, 5; total engaged, 
369. 

" In reply to that portion of the order which refers to the individual action of the 
officers and men of this regiment on the battle-field of Shiloh I have to say the 
officers and men of the regiment fought well and acted with great coolness and 
bravery, considering their inexperience. Such was the conduct of most of them 
on the field. 

"InCapt. Forrest's company (C) private Samuel Evans displayed great coolness 
| and courage. After being severely wounded, the ball passing through the cheeks, he 

refused to go to the rear, but remained and fought for a considerable length of time, 
cheering on the men, and loading and shooting as last as he could. 

"In Capt. Towless company (D), commanded by Lieut. B. H. Womack, privates 
J. D. Smith, Douglass Brien, and J. T. Pennington are mentioned as having dis- 
tinguished themselves by their bravery and daring. 

"In Co. D, commanded by Lieut. J. L. Jones, and subsequently, after the wound- 
ins: of Lieut. Jones, by Lieut. R. C. Smartt, private John Roberts, a very young- 
soldier, behaved with the greatest coolness and bravery throughout the whole ac- 
tion. He was frequently in advance of his company, was knocked down twice by 
spent kalis, and hail his gun shattered to pieces. He was but fifteen years old, 
but displayed the coolness and courage of a veteran. 



Begimental Histopjes and Memobial Rolls. 



495 



"In Co. F (Capt. Edward J. Wood) Lieut. C. C. Brewer is spoken of in the high- 
est terms for cool bravery and gallant bearing. Following the lead and imitating the 
example of his Captain, one of the bravest of the brave, he was ever at the head 
of the men, his gallant Captain only in advance, cheering them on to the conflict, 
and ever and anon dropping one of the Yankees as his eye would chance to light 
upon him. Privates Abe Boren and Isaac L. Ray, of the same company, also 
greatly distinguished themselves, and are spoken of in the highest terms by their 
comrades and their Captain. 

"Lieut. George S. L>eakins, of Capt. W. D. Stewart's company (K), was also con- 
spicuous throughout the engagement for coolness and gallant behavior. It is no 
doubt invidious to single out instances of this kind. Officers and men all did well, 
considering that they were raw and inexperienced, and they were out Saturday 
night, the whole regiment on picket duty, and consequently unrefreshed. 

"Respectfully submitted. B. J. Hill, 

"Colonel Commanding Fifth Tennessee Regiment, Provisional Army. 

"Maj. Powhattan Ellis, jr., 

"Assistant Adjutant-general Second Brigade, Third Army Corps." 

The Fifth Tenne?vsee Regiment remained with the army during the siege of 
Corinth, and on the 23th of May, 1S02, was on the picket lines when Halleck was 
pressing the Confederate lines so severely on the eve of the evacuation of Corinth. 
Being ordered by Gen. Cleburne, on the morning of the 28th of May, to storm the 
Federal position at vShelton Hill, in front of Corinth, Col. Hill charged with Us 
gallant regiment into a perfect gauntlet of Federal columns, who were concealed 
behind a hedge of plum-bushes, and before he was aware of the fact that the reg- 
iments who were ordered to support him on his flanks had failed to advance to the 
charge, he rushed into the very muzzles of the enemy's cannon and dislodged the 
enemy from their position; yet the fire of artillery and musketry was so severe in 
his front and on his flanks that he was forced to fall back to his original position, 
immediately after the accomplishment of one of the most daring and gallant 
achievements of the war. For this heroic act Col. Hill and his regiment were 
complimented by Gen. Beauregard in general orders read to the troops of the en- 
tire army. 

After the evacuation of Corinth the regiment accompanied the brigade in the 
Kentucky campaign, and fought bravely at the battles of Richmond and Perry- 
ville. At Murfreesboro and Chickamauga it sustained the reputation it had won 
on all former battle-fields. When the Confederate forces fell back to Dalton, in 
1S63, Col. Hill was made Provost Marshal General of the Army of Tennessee by 
order of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. In this capacity Col. Hill served the Confed- 
eracy until January, 1S65, when he was commissioned a Brigadier-general, and 
assigned to duty in the command of cavalry. In this capacity he operated prin- 
cipally in North Alabama until the close of the war, when he surrendered his 
command at Chattanooga to Gen. Judah. Col. Hill always claimed that his was 
the last command on the east side of the Mississippi that surrendered. 



496 



Militabjt Annals of Tennessee. 



Official.'] Thirty-fifth Tennessee Infantry. 

Colonel, Benjamin J. Hill; LieuteDant-colouel, John L. Sr.urioek; Major, Joseph Brown 
Adjutant, Joseph A. Smith; Quartermaster, u. F. Brewster; Commissary, James S. Gribble, 
Surgeon, J. M. Bell; Assistant Surgeon, W. 0. Barns. 



Webb, Joseph, k. at Shiioh. 
Vann, James, k. at Shiioh. 
Jaeko, M.C., k. at Shiioh. 
Jacko, Jeremiah, k. at Shiioh. 
Cantrell, Joseph, k. at Shiioh. 
Smith, Thomas, d. Nov., 1SS1. 
Sherrell, Jasper, d. Sept. 1(5, 1861. 
Rowland, W. C, d. Dee. 23, 1863. 
Medley, W. F., d. Jan., 1863. 
Medley, G. V., d. April 3, 1S63. 



COMPANY A. 
Captain, G. N. W. New by. 

Martin, L., d. Nov. 23, 1363. 
Loury, W; V., d. April 23, 1863. 
Jones, A., d. Feb., 1863. 
Griffith, J. M., d. Dee., 1861. 
Edington, T. J., d. May, 1862. 
Davis, William, d. 
Capshaw, J. W., d. Jan. 8, 1863. 
Bryant, Douglas, k. in battle. 
Newby, W. B. K., d. March 25, 1362. 



Clark, Madison, k. at Shiioh. 
Grove, William, k. at Shiioh. 
Jones, Burton, k. at ihiloh. 
Mitchell, Henry, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Jennings, William, d. Dec. 10, 1861. 
Hennessce, A. L., d. April 2. 1862. 
Clark, William, d. 
Grove, Madison J., d. 
Faulkner, Thomas J., d. May, 1S62. 
Hennessee, James C d. 
Jennings, Isham. d. Jan. 5, 1862. 
McGregor, Ezekiel, d. Dec. 18, 1361. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, C. M. Forrest. 

Meeks, Daniel, d. 
Medley, William, d. May 22, 1863. 
Mays, A. B., d. Jan. 10, 1S62. 
Manning, Joseph, d. June 1, 1S63. 
Mitchell, Robert, d. April 2. 1862. 
Patterson, William, d. May 31. 1863. 
Safley, Jasper, d. March 12, 1862. 
Wright, D. M., d. August 8, 1863. 
Wiseman, Henderson, d. March 2, 1S62 
Jones, H . R., d. Aug. 12, 1862. 
Scott, E. D., d. 
Roberts, William, d. Feb., 1362. 



Martin, David, k. at Shiioh. 
Hayes, James M., d. June 8, 1862. 
MeMaines, Wm.C, d. Dee. 21. 1861 
McGuire, Wm., d. April 26, 1862. 
Madewall, Andrew d. Dec. 16 1S61. 



Smith, Isaac, k. at Shiioh. 
Millstead, George, k. at Shiioh. 
Bryant, J. H., k. at Shiioh. 
King, Jacob, k. at Shiioh. 
Stephens, J. W., k. at Shiioh. 
Watson, E. K. P., k. at Perryvilie. 
Savage, Aquilla, k. at Perryvilie. 
Lockhart, William, d. Ma/ 16, 1863. 
Stephens, W. H., d. March, 1862. 



COMPANY' C. 
Captain, W. B. Cummings, 

Parsons, Tilford A., d. Oct., 1861. 
Sparkman, George, k. in battle. 
Sparkman, Arthur, d. Feb. 1, 1862 
Smith, John, d. Dee. 26, 1861. 
Walker, M. D., d. Sept. 5, 1862. 

COMPANY D. 

Captain, John Macon. 

Lain, W\ ML, d. March, 1862. 
Perry, Henry, d. Dec. 1, 1863. 
Martin, William, d. Jan. 19, 1863. 
Martin, J. M., d. April 9, 1863. 
Millstead, J. M., d. 
Haggard, Richard, d. 
Cogle, Jacob, d. April 9, 1863. 
Brown, Rufus, d. Dec. 21, 1861. 



Smith, T. B., k. at Shiioh. 
Trapp, J. M., k. at Perryvillo. 
Banks, J. W., k. in battle. 
Allen, H. H., k. in battle. 
Brevirt, S. J., d. 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, S. M. Gunter. 

McDougall, G. D., d. 
Styles, William, d. 
Stewart, J. P., d. 
Vanhooser, John, d. 
I Young, Tilford, d. 













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Begimental Histobxes and Memokial Bolls. 



497 






COMPANY F. 
Captain, Thomas K. Mitchell- 



Green, Morris, d. April 23, 1663. 
Barnes, Silae, d. Feb. 28, 1863. 
Bell, Samuel H., d. Dec. 16, 1862. 
Boyd, John W, d. April 13, 1863. 
Henderson, Levi M., d. Feb. 5, 1&63. 
Johnson, Thomas, d. March 31, ISS3 



Parks, Esau, k. at Shiloh. 

Swan, J. F., k.at Shiloh. 

Bonner, John C, k. at Chiokamauga. 

Davenport, Wesley, k. at Chickamauga. 

Whitlock, John, d. April 24, 1862. 



Netter, Patrick, d. Jan. 15, 1S63. 

Posey, Lewis, d. June 22, 1863. 

Shankles, Thomas, d. April, 1862. 

Stratton, John M., d. April, 1863. 

Spray, James M., d. June 15, 18b3. 
| Vick, John, d. April 20, 1863. 
COMPANY G. 
Captain, H. S. Fowler. 

j Tarbetr, H. R.. d, May, 1862. 
I Sm*rr, B. W., d. April 22, 1862. 
| Hopkins, T. E., d. May 28, 1862. 

Trapp, J. T., d 



Barker, Gilliam, k. at Shiloh. 
Lathrom, J. A., k. at Shiloh. 
Grant, J. G., k. at Murt'reesboro. 
Self, A. G, k. at Perry viile. 
Lane, Harrison, k. in battle. 
Wood, C.B., k. in battle. 
Town, W. B., k. in battie. 
Cox, C. JL, d. 



Beasley, D. H., d. 
Cochran, E. A., d. Oct. 9, 1862. 
Cochran, Lindsay, d. July 13, 1863. 
Dickey, J. il, d. 



COMPANY H. 
Captain, W. G. Stewart. 

| Dugnn, Wm., d. Nov., 1861. 

I Smith, Wm., d. Nov., 1861. 

j Samples, Green, d. 

I Green, Kelly, d. 

I Deakins, G. W., d. Feb., 1S62.' 

j Countess, Asa, d. Mkrch 20, 1862. 

| Bias, Robert, d. April 15, 1862. 

I 

COMPANY I. 
Captain. John M. Vancleave. 

1 Maury, J. M., d. 

I Moore, G. fl., d. Sept. 28, 1862. 
Tillman, T. T., d. Sept. 3, 1862. 



COMPANY K. 
Captain, Elijah W.. Holt. 

Daly, Samuel L., d. July 20, 1S62. 
Goldbury, Robert W., d. July 15, 1852 
Worley, Samuel K., d. Nov. 20, 1862. 



Smith, George W., k. at Shiloh. 
Shinpach, John, k. at Shiloh. 
Eagan, Presley P„ k. at Shiloh. 
Dunavant, Wm. P. P., k. at Shiloh. 

N. B.— This regiment was formerly known as the "First Mountain Rifies. 



THIRTY-SEVENTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

By J. Harvey Mathes, Memphis, Tenn. 



This regiment, first known as the Seventh Tennessee, Provisional Army of the 
Confederates States of America, was organized at Camp Ramsey, half a mile north 
of Knoxville, on Thursday, the 10th of October, 1S61, with "W. H. Carroll, of Mem- 
phis, as Colonel by acclamation; Moses White, of Knoxville, as Lieutenant- 
colonel; and H. P. Moffatt, of Tullahoma, as Major. The original idea was to 
raise a rifle regiment, but thi3 was soon abandoned as to rifle equipment. There 
were nine companies at the time of organization: Co. A (Hunt's), from Coffee; 
Co. B (Thomas's), from Claiborne; Co. C (Cocke's), from JetFerson and Grainger* 
Co. D (Tankesley's), from Chattanooga; Co. F (Rcdely's), from Washington; Co. G 
(Hawkins's), from Bradley; Co. H (Nichols's), from North Georgia near. RiDggold; 
Co. I (McReynolds's), from Blount and Sevier; Co. K ( McXally), from Grainger. 
32 



498 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

. 

I 

On the day of organization the regiment was ordered to proceed by rail to 
Germantown, Shelby county, East Tennessee. The right wing reached there on 
the 12th, and the left wing on the 18th. On the way the right wing was joined 
at or near Madison, Ala., by a company of Alabamians, commanded by Capt. 
Owens, afterward designated as Co. E. The regiment went into camp near Ger- 
mantown, and drilled over a month. Col. Avery's regiment was there also. 
While there Col. Carroll was appointed Brigadier-general, which finally resulted 
in making a full Colonel of Moses White, Lieutenant-colonel of Moffatt, and 
Major of Capt. Hunt, of Co. A. K. D. Frayser was appointed Adjutant by Col. 
Carroll, and J. Harvey Mathes was appointed Sergeant-major. 

The regiment was ordered and started back to East Tennessee, November 14. 
It reached Chattanooga, and went into camp on the 15th. It remained there a 
week, and sent scouting parties up the Tennessee River; thence proceeded to 
Knoxville. While there two of the bridge-burners were hanged near camp, and 
a portion of the regiment was detailed to guard the prison in which W. G. Brown- 
low and other Unionists were confined. 

The third move was the most serious of all to date. About the 19th of De- 
cember the regiment was ordered across the mountains to Mill Springs, Ky., and 
moved in two sections, some days aparr, encumbered with much baggage and 
heavy stores. The distance was about one hundred and thirty miles, the weather 
bad, and the roads almost impassable, through what was virtually the enemy's 
country. The last detachment reached Mill Springs on the 16th of January, and 

(joined the others in camp; on the 18th were called out in line of battle; on the 19th 
had a taste of our first battle. Zollicoffer was killed. The Thirty-seventh was 
not actively engaged in the fight. It crossed the river early in the morning, and 
was ordered out to the front after the fight was nearly over. The enemy halted 
in full view. In some desultory firing that ensued we lost one man killed and bad 
a few wounded. An artillery duel occupied the afternoon till dark. During the 
night the entire regiment and Confederate force recrossed the river to the south 
side. All heavy stores, camps, etc., were abandoned, and the command retreated 
indiscriminately; reached Gainesboro January 26fch, and on the 29th received some 
tents that came up on a boat; remained there several days. During the time some 
of the soldiers who ran off to Knoxville from Mill Springs came up by a boat. 

Saturday, February 16, 1S62. — The regiment, along with Carroll's brigade and 
Maj.-gen. Crittenden's command, left Camp Harding, near Carthage; destination 
understood to be the Hermitage. Tents and camp equipage shipped by boat to- 
ward Nashville; crossed Caney Fork of the Cumberland that night, just four weeks 
from the night of crossing the Cumberland on the retreat from Mill Spring?. 

Wednesday, Feb. 19. — Marched through Murfreesboro, and went into camp on 
•the Nashville pike, where forces from Fort Donelson and Nashville and our own 
little army were concentrated. 

Monday, Feb. 24. — Tents came at last; not the same, but better ones. 

Thursday, Feb. 27. — Marched through and from Murfreesboro south toward 
Shelbyville as rear-guard of the last brigade of infantry, a position held only that day. 

Saturday, March 1. — Marched through Shelbyville in columns of platoons about 
one o'clock p.m., crossed Duck River, and went into camp. The regiment, with 
the rest of the army, proceeded south by easy stages, generally finding good camp- 
ing places, with fuel and water in reach. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



499 



Monday, March 10. — Marched through Athens, Ala., with drums beating and 
colors flying. Heavy rains had been falling, and the command was not in a very 
fine or spirited condition. Camped six miles north-west of Athens. Gen. Carroll 
having gone to Memphis, Col. T. W. Newman, of the Seventeenth Regiment, ha3 
been commanding the brigade for some time. Wm. Carroll, jr., being also absent, 
Lieut. Blackburn, of Co. B, has been Aid -de-camp in his place. 

Wednesday, March 12. — The brigade moved from camp. The Thirty-seventh, 
preceded by Newman's regiment, passed over the bridge and through Decatur, 
Ala., to the fair-grounds, and went into camp. 

Friday, March 14. — Our regiment had never been well armed — some of the 
men not armed at all. Col. Newman, commanding the brigade, has succeeded in 
arming his own regiment — the Seventeenth — very well, and offers ours some flint- 
lock muskets. Rather an improvement on nothing, or what we have, some of the 
flint-locks were accepted. There begins to be talk of a great battle soon. The 
Confederates are concentrating on the line of the Memphis and Charleston rail- 
road, and the Federals on the Tennessee River below Eastport, Miss. 

Wednesday, March 19. — Marched from camp to the railroad in a drenching 
rain, and wagons followed with much difficulty. Took train for Tuscumbia, the 
wagons going through by country road. Gen. Carroll returned and resumed com- 
mand of the brigade before it left Decatur. 

Monday, March 24. — Regiment moved to Iuka, Miss., by rail, and went into 
camp. 

Tuesday, April 1. — A feint of the Federals, or report of one, created quite a 
stir. We slept in line of battle, facing the Tennessee River. Nothing came 
of it. 

Thursday, April 3. — Moved by rail to Burnsville, Miss. Col. White was 
placed in command of the post, which was considered an outpost, on the right 
wing of the army, and remained so until after the battle of Shiloh. 

The Thirty-seventh Tennessee, and two or three other regiments and some cav- 
alry, occupied this post (Burnsville), and could distinctly hear the sound of artil- 
lery on Sunday, April 6. The battle of Shiloh was being fought. 

Monday, April 7. — Rumors reached -camp of a great battle and a dear-bought 
victory. Rosecrans, Grant, and Prentiss prisoners, with sis or seven thousand of 
their men; reported also that Gen. Buell was killed. 

Monday, April 14. — Regiment ordered from Burnsville to Iuka on train; take 
alarm again Wednesday, April 16, and are sent back to Burnsville. 

Thursday, April 17. — The Thirty-seventh Tennessee, the last regiment left at 
Burnsville, moved down to Corinth, and went into camp on the south side of the 
railroad, half a mile or more above town. 

Thursday, April 24. — Moved to a new camp a mile south of toAvn and west of 
the Mobile and Ohio railroad, and found ourselves in Marmaduke's brigade, Col. 
Moses White commanding the regiment. Maj. Hunt (Co. A) received com- 
mission. Lieut.-col. Mofiatt not on duty, owing to charges preferred for conduct 
at Mill Springs. Seventeen permanent teamsters detailed this date to drive 
wagons (26th). 

Friday, May 9. — Nothing unusual. The regiment was suddenly called out, 
marched up the Mobile and Ohio railroad some three miles, then to the left, and 



500 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



reached Farmington about noon. A sharp engagement was already over, with 
some loss on both sides. Ii.etu.rned to camp at night. 

Saturday, May 10, 1862. — Regimental election, already postponed by the above 
move, came off. Col. Moses White reelected by a large majority over Major Hunt. 
Adjt. Frayser was elected Lieutenant-colonel by a large majority over his oppo- 
nents, Capts. Owen, of Co. E (Alabama); J. D. Thomas, of Co. B; R. M. Tankes- 
ley, of Co. I) (Chattanooga); and Lieut. Geo. T. Fry, of Co. C. Many changes 
were made in the companies. In Co. C James B. Long was elected Captain; Sergt.- 
maj. J. II. Mathes, First Lieutenant; Corp. Dave MeLellon, Second Lieutenant; 
and B. A. Long, Third Lieutenant. The old Captain, S. M. Cocke, a gallant gen- 
tleman, was present, but declined to be a candidate for any office. He was in bad 
health, went home, and in a few months died of consumption. The regiment lost 
in him one of its best officers, one of nature's noblemen. It would have been in 
order to have stated sooner that Com. J. S. McReynolds was elected Major with- 
out opposition. 

From this time on, while the army remained at Corinth, the regiment per- 
formed much heavy picket service at the front, it being Gen. MarmadukVs spe- 
cial ambition to have his troops either in an engagement or as near one as possi- 
ble. 

Thursday, May 29. — Regiment moved south out of Corinth some time that 
night. 

Saturday, May 31. — Marched to Baldwyn and camped. 

Saturday. June 7, 1S62. — Marched some seven miles south. 

Sunday, June 8. — Marched some ten miles, and went into camp above Tupelo 
on the east side of the railroad. 

Tuesday, June 10. — Regiment ordered to Verona. Marched down the Mobile 
and Ohio railroad. Readied the village at sundown. Found' a few troops and 
several hospitals full of sick men. Marched out three miles and relieved the 
Thirty-fourth Alabama. Col. White took command of the post, and detailed 
companies B, I, and K to preserve order. A day or two later the regiment was 
ordered back, and encamped within one mile of town, on the west side of Town's 
Creek. 

Saturday, June 14. — Col. Ben Hill's Tennessee regiment came down to relieve 
us. 

Thursday, June 19. — Marched through Verona and back to Tupelo. Went 
into camp under the very strict discipline of Gen. Marmaduke, a thorough West 
Pointer. 

Friday, July 25. — Ordered to leave on the train. 

Saturday, July 2G. — Left camp at Tupelo about 10 a.m. The Twenty-fifth and 
Thirty-seventh Tennessee regiments went on one train, under command of Col. 
White. 

Sunday, July 27. — Arrived in Mobile after dark, and went on board the steamer 
"Dorrance." Steamer left Mobile about 12 o'clock at night, going up the river. 
The water was low and the boat rather large for the season and river. 

Thursday, July 31. — Arrived at Montgomery at night, in a rain, and were met 
by Gen. Marmaduke and Lieut. Ewing, his Adjutant. 

Friday, August 1. — Disembarked, and marched over to the fair-grounds. 

Saturday. August 2. — Started on the train, but broke down. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls 



501 






Sunday, August 3. — An ovation at all the important stations and towns. 
Reached Wise Point at night. Changed cars. 

Monday, August 4. — Reached Atlanta at daylight. Were delayed all day. Pro- 
ceeded at night. 

Tuesday, August 5. — Awoke at Dalton at daylight, and stopped at Chickamauga 
Station, twelve miles from Chattanooga, that afternoon. 

Wednesday, August 6. — Marched across the country three miles, and went into 
camp at the big spring near Tyner's Station, on the Chattanooga and Cleveland 
railroad. 

Monday, August IS. — Ordered down to Chattanooga on the train. The regi- 
ment slept in the streets. Crossed the Tennessee River the night of the 19th — 
on a pontoon bridge, if I remember right. [There is a mistake of one day in 
dates somewhere along in this month which 1 cannot now rectify. From this on 
I resume from old diary.] We camped a few miles north of Chattanooga some 
days. 

Sunday, August 23. — Being now in Bushrod Johnson's brigade and Buekner s 
division, there was a grand review. Gen. Marmaduke did not go north of the 
Tennessee River, being ordered west. Gen. Buekner, lately exchanged, was quite 
gray, rather" small, very trim and dashing in appearance, and rode a splendid black 
horse. He was attended by a large and handsomely dressed staff, altogether mak- 
ing a fine appearance and impression. 

Wednesday, August 26. — Received inarching orders. 

Thursday, August 27. — Marched at daylight. 

Friday, August 28. — Went down the mountains into the Sequatchie Valley, and 
camped on the river of that name. 

Monday, September 1. — Marched twenty miles, and camped five or six miles 
below Pike vi lie. 

Tuesday, September 2. — Marched slowly up Cumberland Mountains. Camped 
on a stream. Buckner's body-guard captured a Federal Lieutenant-colonel. 

Wednesday, September 3. — A good day's march. Camped four miles from 
Spencer, near a mill. 

Thursday, September 4. — Started before day. Passed through Spencer. Marched 
twenty miles, and camped in sight of Sparta. 

Sunday, September 7. — Marched sixteen miles on the Carthage road. 

Tuesday, September 9. — Passed six or seven miles to the right of Carthage. 
Forded the Cumberland River at Sand Shoal, and camped on a hill. 

Wednesday, September 10. — A good day's march. Camped near a steam-miii. 

Thursday, September 11. — Gen. Buekner and staff halted at the Kentucky line, 
and were cheered by the troops as we crossed. The Thirty-seventh had the post of 
honor, and were very proud of it. During the day we passed Red Sulphur Spring, 
in Sumner county, Tenn. Camped that night on Barren River, in Barren county-, 
Ky. — a small stream. 

Friday, September 12. — Marched to another stream. 

Saturday, September 13. — Started at day-break. Marched eleven miles to Glas- 
gow. Met Cheatham's division, which came by way of Gainesboro. Went into 
camp west of the town. 

Monday, September 15. — Marched through Glasgow and into Cave City, twelve 
miles, in the dust and heat. 



502 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

Tuesday, September 16. — Marched early, twelve miles, and halted in front of 
Munfordsville, where Chalmers's brigade had been repulsed with loss the day before. 
In the evening our forces were placed in position for assault. Surrender demand- 
ed and refused. 

Wednesday, September 17. — The garrison, some four thousand strong, marched 
outside and stacked arms. Fine-looking and well-uniformed body of men, not 
in the least disconcerted. They were sent back to be paroled. The capture in- 
cluded ten pieces of artillery, about six thousand stand of arms, and considerable 
stores. We crossed Green River that day, and camped on the north side, near 
the fine railroad bridge afterward blown up by John Morgan. 

Thursday, September IS. — In line of battle all day. 

Friday, September 19. — Marched back five miles toward Cave City. Marched 
and countermarched all day, and finally rested on the old line of battle. 

Saturday, September 20. — Cooked four days ration:-. The bridge was burned 
behind us, and at dark we started north or north-east, and marched fourteen 
miles. 

Sunday, September 21. — Marched early, Col. "White commanding the brigade. 
Gen. Johnson being sick; made twelve miles. Camped near Hodgensville. 

Monday, September 22. — Started late. Passed through New Haven, and made 
fourteen miles. 

Tuesday, September 23. — Marched early. Made twelve miles, and went into 
camp at noon near Bardstown, some forty miles from Louisville. [Notes made ac 
this point: Lieut.-col. Frayser was left behind sick, in Mississippi, and did not 
participate in this campaign. Dr. J. C. Hall, regimental Surgeon, .was left sick 
at Sparta, and Dr. Lyntliicum, since of Helena, Ark., took his place. Several 
other officers were left behind. Capt. McReynolds, Assistant Quartermaster, was 
left sick at Glasgow and never again heard of. He probably died.] Remained 
at Bardstown several days. The brigade did picket duty two days and nights 
seven miles north, on the Shepardstown road. 

Monday, October 6. — Marched through Perryville. Halted, and formed in line 
of battle facing back the road and across a creek. 

Tuesday, October 7. — Still in line. Some skirmishing in the front, and coun- 
termarching. 

Wednesday, October 8.— -In battle. We were on the right of Buckner s divis- 
ion. Cannonading and skirmishing commenced early. Kegiment supported a 
battery '^Smith's, I think) commanded by Lieut. (Dr.) Sharron, of Vicksburg, on 
a hill across a creek. At 2 o'clock we moved down the hill in open held, and. in 
view r of the enemy, to a little hollow where by lying down we were safe. On the 
right we could see a line forming, which proved to be Cheatham's division. At 
3 o'clock it went into action — a grand sight. Almost instantly our line was or- 
dered forward, and was soon engaged. The Thirty-seventh and Seventeenth Ten- 
nessee regiments finally fell in together and charged a stone wall, which was 
taken after a hand-to-hand tight. The brigade was about out of ammunition, and 
was relieved temporarily by Cleburne's brigade. Afterward marched over the 
battle-field, but not further engaged. 

Thursday, October 9. — Marched to Harrodsburg, then to Camp Dick Robinson, 
where we remained a day or two; then resumed the march, passing through Crab 
Orchard, Barboursville, and London. Passed Cumberland Gap about October 17. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



503 



Beached Knoxville about the 24th, Col. Moses White being in command of the 
brigade. The regiment moved with the army to Middle Tennessee. Caniped at 
Shelby ville, College Grove, etc.; then marched to Murfreesboro. 

Wednesday, December 31, 1862. — The regiment was actively engaged from day- 
light until dark. Lost about half our number in killed and wounded. Col. 
White and Lieut.-col. Frayser wounded early. Maj. McReynolds fatally wound- 
ed later in the day. The Adjutant and Sergeant-major practically led the regi- 
ment the greater part of the day. The regiment fell back with the army, and 
being greatly depleted, was a few weeks later sent to Chattanooga to gather re- 
cruits, reaching the city Saturday, January 10, 1863. The companies were dis- 
tributed at points from Chattanooga to Daiton, Ga. Early in June the regiment 
was ordered up to Wart race. We had been recruited up to about five hundred 
strong; but the new material was not the very best, and much of it afterward 
slipped away in the trying times that followed. 

Tuesday, June 9. — The Thirty-seventh Tennessee Eegiment, four hundred and 
eighty-four present for duty, was consolidated with the Fifteenth Tennessee, one 
hundred and forty strong. Col. White and Adjutant relieved from duty. Lieut.- 
col. Frayser was retained. Col. B. C. Tyler, of the Fifteenth, took command, with 
Wall as Major and Kent as Adjutant. This arrangement was altogether unfort- 
unate, and provoked a bad feeling which existed till the end of the war, and was 
really the cause of a very notable court-martial at Daiton iu 1864. Thirteen offi- 
cers of the Thirty-seventh Tennessee tendered their resignations — not accepted. 
The regiment, as consolidated, was assigned to Bate's brigade, and was engaged 
in the battle of Hoover's Gap. 

The regiment fell back with the army to Chattanooga and to Tyners Station, 
and was in the battles of Missionary Ridge and Chickamauga, sustaining very 
heavy losses in both. Went into winter-quarters at Daiton, and. remained there 
during the winter of 1863-64. Tyler became Brigadier-general, and the brigade 
took his name after Bate became Major-general. The regiment was commanded 
alternately by White, Frayser, and Wall, and took a conspicuous part in the Geor- 
gia campaign, losing very heavily in the principal battles; also in the battles of 
Franklin and Nashville, and was at the final surrender in North Carolina. It 
was then a mere skeleton of a regiment, and the few old veterans that held out 
to the end dispersed never to meet again on earth. 



Official] Thirty-seventh Tennessee Infantry. 

Colonel, Moses White; Lieutenant-colonel, R. Dudley Frayser; Major, J. T. McReynolds ; 
Surgeon, J. C. Hall ; Assistant Surgeon, R. A. Gentry ; Adjutant, J. Harvey Maches. 
McReynolds, Major J. T., k. at Murfreesboro. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, Robert Dean. 

Yates, J. R., k. at Chickamauga. 



Clark, Jacob, k. at Chickamauga. 
Cross, Benjamin, k. at Chickamauga. 
Rea^or, R. J-, k. at Chickamauga. 
Nelson, C. A., k. at Chickamauga. 



Byron, R. D., d. Sept, 25, 1864. 
Gunn, Richard, d. Nov. 12, 1863. 



Rarnard, John, k. in battle. 
Miller, William, k. in battle. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, W. H. Barnard. 

j Davis, J. E., d. May 15, 1862. 
' Dobbs, Lyde, d. May 18, 1862. 



>04 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Owen, Andrew, d. May 11, 1862. 
Proctor, R. P., d. March 1, 1SC2. 



Rogers, R. B., d. May 2, 18G3. 
Helams, William, d. Oct. 20, 1862. 



COMPANY C. 

Captain, S. M. Cocke. 



Huffmaster, H. J., k. at Chickamauga. 
Jones, Edward, d. Dec. 21, 1863. 
Ewing. Carter, d. July ">0, 1S63. 
Atkins, Marion, d. July 21, 1863. 
Tennessee, Kindred, d. March 6, 1S63. 



Taylor, H. O., d. Jan. 8, 1863. 
Tally, J. I., d. Dec. 31, 1862. 
Ratcliffe, William, d. April 28, 1862 
Fort, Jacob, d. 
Steam, Iaaac, d. 



Morgan, Joseph R., k. in battle. 
Coon, John, k. in battle. 
Coover, George D., d. Jan. 20, 1864. 
Eppins. T. P., d. March 26, 1863. 
Scott, J. M., d. Aug. 20, 1862. 
West, J. L., d. May 11, 1S62. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, R. M. Tankesley. 

Newton, Isaac, d. June 21, 1862. 
Cape, William, d. May 17, 1362. 
Langston, William, d. May 10, 1862 
Pinney, Geo. W., d. Nov. 27, 1861. 
Brady, Benj., d. Dec. 10, 1861. 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, Thomas II. Owen. 



Clark, John W., k. at Chickamauga. 
Grayson, John C, k. at Chickamauga. 
Collier, Wm. C, k. at Missionary Ridge. 
Higijs, Samuel E., k. at Murt'reesboro. 
Clark, William O, Feb. 14, 1862. 
Glass, William M. d. Feb. 1, 1862. 
Herrin, Edward W.. d. Feb. 14, 1852, 
Inmau, James M., d. Dec. 27, 1864. 
Moon, Richard, d. Jan. 9, 1862. 
Alvis, Thomas, d. April 15, 18G2. 
Dilworth, G. S., d. Sept. 20, 1862. 



nanna, J. J., d. Sept. 11, 1862 

Matherson, J. W., d. Sept. 28, 1332. 

Ellett, G. W., d. July 1, 1862. 

Layne, R. E., d. Nov. 10, 1862. 

Whitehead, Wm., d. June 18, 1863. 

Dunn, Franklin, d. 

Hughes, William, d. Oct. 16, 1863. 

Pevy, Wiiliam H., d. 

Eason, George W., d. Dec. 4, 1863. 

Rich, J. K. P., d. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, Reuben Robbie. 



Moore, Madison, k. at Missionary Ridge. 
Longmire, W. W., k. at Missionary Ridge. 
Gibson, George, d. March 22, 1862. 
ScttlC M. M., d. March 24, 18G2. 
Stiger, David E., d. March 10, 1362. 
Sawyers, Reuben, d. Oct. 5, 1S62. 
Husk, S. F., d. Oct. 4, 1862. 
Green, Newton, September 15, 1862. 



Brown, James, d. Nov. 3, 1862. 
Sharer, George M., Sept. 19, 1863. 
Fine, James M., Sept. 30, 18(33. 
Jones, John, Oct. 15, 1863. 
Tipton, E. L., d. Jan. 21, 18S3. 
Henry, John, d. 
Goode, J., d. 
Love, J. R., d. 



Bradley, J. M., d. June 19, 1862. 
Gurley, John, d. July 10, 1862. 
Talbett, William W., d. May 30, 



Ogle, Isaac, d. Feb. 23, 1862. 
Coghorn, George A., d. Jan. 24, 1362. 
Horn, William, d. July 11, 1862. 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, R. S. Marshall. 

Boyd, Robert A., d. Aug. 4. 1863. 
Stephens, Granville C, d. Aug. 3, 1363. 
1862. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, Isaac B. Nichols. 

Roborts, John, d. Dec. 21, 1861. 
Poole, Francis M., d. Oct. 27, 1862. 



Long, John, k. at Chickamauga. 
Maples, Riley, k. at Chickamauga. 



COMPANY I. 
Captain, James E. Swan. 

I Bovd, William, 



k. at Ferryville. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 505 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, J. C. Jarnagin. 
Johnson, Clinton D.. k, at Chiekamauga. i Pratt, William \V., d. June 16, 1863. 

Rich, John L., k. at Ciiickamauga. Simmons, James, d. Oct. 14, 1862. 

Acurr, John P., k. at Chiekamauga. Cunningham, Thomas K., d. Dec., 1863. 

Jarnagin, Capt. C. G., k. at Chickamauga. Ehvood, Clinton L., d. Dec, 1SC-B. 

Roy, Thomas R., d. Oct. 17, 1862. Turpin, William, d. Aug., 1S63. 



THIRTY-EIGHTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

By Marcus J. Wright, Washington, D. C. 

Among rhe many Tennessee commands which were conspicuous for gallantry 
at the battle of Shiloh, none won more laurels than the Thirty-eighth Tennessee 
Regiment, commanded by Col. Robert F. Looney. At that battle this regiment 
had as its brigade commander Col. Preston Pond, of the Sixteenth Louisiana In- 
fantry, in the division commanded by Brig. -gen. Daniel Haggles. 

On the morning of the 6th of April, about 8 o'clock. Col. Pond received an or- 
der from Gen. Kuggles, to throw one regiment and one section of artillery to- 
ward the left of the line near Owl Creek. The Thirty-eighth Tennessee Regi- 
ment was ordered on this duty, supported by a section of Cant. Ketehum's battery 
the flank and front of the line as established being supported by cavalry. Before 
the completion of these dispositions an order was given for the advance of the 
whole line. The advance was made in double columns for about six hundred 
yards over rugged ground. The enemy's skirmishers making their appearance in 
the direction of Owl Creek, Col. Looney was again ordered to proceed with his 
regiment and a section of guns. It was soon perceived that the enemv in large 
force were ambushed in front of Col. Looney"s position, and Col. Marshall J. 
Smith, of the Crescent Regiment, was ordered to report to Gol, Looney with his 
command. After stating this disposition, Col. Looney in las official report says: 

"Shortly we approached a camp of the enemy, only an open field intervening. 
To the right, and in advance of the camp, we discovered the enemy in considera- 
ble force. We poured upon him a destructive fire, which soon caused him to be- 
gin to retire. Near the camp was a battery all the while playing upon our forces. 
I received an order from Maj.-gen. Polk — through his son, Capt. Pulk — to charge 
the battery and camp under cover of the woods to the right. I quickly exam- 
ined the route as ordered, and saw that the camp and battery could be reached 
and the order carried out in effect with but little more risk by moving rapidlT 

through the open field, and ordered the charge, which was promptly and sueee 

fully executed as to the camp and battery, and I suppose at leas: one thousand 
prisoners were taken." 

On the next day, Col. Looney (continuing his report) savs: 

"After being held by Gen. Beauregard for about fifteen minutes, I received an 
order from him, through Governor Harris, of Tennessee, to charge the camp and 
enemy in our front. My regiment was in the center. There were, I suppose, two 
regiments on my right and three on my left. AVe drove the enemv far bevond 
his camp, my regiment being far in advance of any other troops when we were 
ordered to retire. Three times did they charge the enemy, and drove him from 
his position at every point. I delivered the last volley at the enemv on Monday'' 



506 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Col. Looney, in his report, pays the following handsome tribute to officers of his 
command: 

"Capt. John C. Carter deserves the highest praise for his great coolness and 
high courage displayed throughout the entire engagement. At one time he took 
the flag, and urging his men on, rendered me great assistance in moving forward 
the entire regiment. Captains W. II. Cotter, Hardy, Umphlet, J. C. Thrasher, 
and J. J. May field, for their gallant bearing, are entitled to great credit. They 
discharged their whole duty. Capt. H. A. Abbington was with his command 
throughout the first day of the battle, and conducted himself handsomely, but be- 
ing in delicate health was not able to be with his company on the 7th. Lieuten- 
ants T. IT. Koen, A. B. March, H. D. Greer, E. T. Hutchinson, F. Pugh, J. W. 
Chilcutt, L. Ketchum, C. G. Loring, L. R. Jones, E. J. Watt, and Brigg^, were 
at all times at their posts, and their gallantry was worthy of the cause for which 
they struggled. ... To Adjt. K. A. Sanford I am greatly indebted for assist- 
ance rendered me throughout the entire engagement, and for his gallant bearing 
and high courage too much praise cannot be given. Lieut. B. F. Haller, though 
feeble from ill health, was with his company, and at his post all the while, and 
on Monday, in the absence of his Captain, gallantly led his men through the 
light." 

The casualties of the regiment in the battle of Shiloh were seven killed, forty- 
four wounded — five of these mortally — and twenty-seven missing; making a total 
of ninety. 

The brigade commander — Col. Pond — in his official report highly compliments 
Col. Looney for u his coolness and intrepidity." While Col. Looney's regiment 
was not in Gen. Polk's corps, and therefore not mentioned in his official report, the 
General complimented him and his regiment on the field for their gallant and 
valuable services. 

A Colonel and Lieutenant-colonel of Gen. Prentiss's command made a surren- 
der of troops captured by his regiment to Col. Looney in person. 

In a private letter written by Col. Looney to a friend some years subsequent to 
the close of the war, he says: 

"I would be false to the gallaut men — both living and dead — of my command 
at the battle of Shiloh, were I to fail to say that the Thirty-eighth Tennessee 
Regiment was second to none in the part it acted in those bloody days of the 6th 
and 7th of April, 1S62, Captain (afterward Colonel and Brigadier-general) John 
C Carter, who fell at Franklin, was one of the most meritorious, intelligent, and 
gallant officers I ever knew. He represented the highest idea of the true Chris- 
tian hero. Capt. Holland was a most estimable man in all the relations of life, 
and was a good and brave soldier.'' 

The writer, who was on the field of Shiloh in another command, can bear tes- 
timony to the gallantry, skill, and soldierly conduct of Col. Looney and his com- 
mand, all of whom he heard frequently complimented by the commanding officers 
under whose orders they acted. The regiment afterward came under his com- 
mand, and its subsequent conduct was in keeping with the conspicuous part it bore 
at Shiloh. 



Begimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



507 






Official,'] Thirty-eighth Tennessee Infantry. 

Colonel, John C. Carter; Lieutenant-colonel, Andrew D. Gwynne; Major, Hamilton W. Col- 
ter; Surgeon, H. S. Jones; Assistant Quartermaster, Eugene A. Shryock; Assistant Commis- 
sary Subsistence, Thaddeus A. Cromwell; Adjutant, Ft. L. Caruthers. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, Hamilton W. Colter. 



Whitaker, W. W., k. at Shiloh. 
Moore, W. H., k. at Perryville. 
Matthews, J. E., d. April 28, 18C2. 
Bowden, B., d. April 15, 1802. 
Flowers, W., d. April 17, 1862. 
How, S. W., d. April IS, 1862. 
Richardson, W. T., d. April 17, 1862 
McCoy, J. B., d. May 15, 1862. 
Whitehead, fl. S., d. May 11, 1862. 
Byrd, W. S., d. May 15, 1862. 



Johnson, W. H., k. at Shiloh. 
Powers, John, k. at Shiloh. 
Sykes, John, k. at Shiloh. 
Kirby, John, k. at Shiloh. 
Reaves, J. L.. k. at Corinth. 



Guy, John, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Williams, James, k. at Murfreesboro 
Moore, J. E., k. at Perryville. 
McKinney, R. J., k. at Perryville. 
W r atkins, Joel, k. at Shiloh. 
Adams, S.. k. at Corinth. 
Adams, M. C, d. May 15, 1862. 
Anderson, P. L., d. July 28, 1862. 
Babbitt, D. M., d. 
Roberts, C. R., d. May 16, 1862. 
Pickens, R. 31., d. May 23, 1862. 



Haucel, T.. d. May 21, 1862. 
Womble, T., d. June 15, 1852. 
Cobb, R. M., d. Feb., 1863. 
Smith, W., d. 

Branch, B., d. July 22, 1804. 
Richardson, J. R., d. May 12, 1891. 
Hancel, M. A., k. in battle. 
Hunter, A. G., k. in battle. 
Moore, D. A., k. in battle. 
Jones, 31., k. in battle. 
COMPANY B. 
Captain, Edward F. Lee. 

Balch, William, d. June 1, 1862. 
Boggs, B. B., d. August 10, 1S62. 
Capley, W. E., d. July 4, 1862. 
Mobley, W. W., d. April 23, 18C2. 
.Morrow, J. W., d.'juiy 8, 1862. 
COMPANY C. 
Captain, B. H. Holland. 

Wat;; ins, H., d. May 7, 1882. 
Butterworth, W. T., d. Oct. 25, 1862. 
Boswell, W. F., d. Oct. 27, 1802. 
Babbitt, F. I)., d. Oct. 19, 1862. 
Morris, W. B., d. Aug. 26, 1862. 
Yancey, A., d. Pec. 14. 1862. 
Stidham, T. A., d. Feb. IS. 1863, 
Goodwin, W. J., d. Oct.. 1862. 
Penicks, J. J., d. July 22, 1864. 
Brown, C, d. July, 1864. 
Miller, Capt. J. C, d.July, 1864. 
COMPANY D. 
Captain, H. H. Abbington. 



Brasswel], H. B., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Boyd, J. J., k. at Murfreesboro. 
House, J. W,, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Brooks, A. P., k. at Perryville. 
Pitiman, T. C, k. at Corinth. 
Host, L. T., d. Nov. 11, 1SS2. 
Hooks, M., d. 
PUk, C. L., d. April 19, 1862. 



Callis, G. L., d. Oct. 26, 1862. 

Gledwell, N., d. May 17, 1862. 

Parks, W. B., d. Sept. 12, 1S62. 

York, R. S., d. June It.', 1862. 

Tilghman, W. M„ d. July 22, 1862. 

Spear, T. J., d. Aug. 29, 1862. 

Tilghman, S. R., d. Aug. 15, 1863. 

Taylor, Louis, d. 
COMPANY E. 
Captain, Job Umphlet. 
Matthews, Kendall, k. at Murfreesboro. Pilant, D., d. Oct. 3, 1862. 

Boon, J. C. d. May 21, 1862. 



Gordon, D. W., d. April IS, 1862. 
Kin* G. T., d. April 27, 1862. 
Matthews, J. W., d. April 22, 1862. 



Bell, J. S., d. 

Oliver, T. M., d. 

Edwards, R. F.. d. Oct. 8, 1862. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, James C. Thrasher. 
WiHard, Shelton, k. at Chattanooga. I WiHard, J. R., d. Jan. 2, 1863. 

Higgias, S. H., k. at Chattanooga. ! Tuck, W. A., d. Jan. 29, 1863. 

Prewett, C. W., d. Aug. 12, 1862. i Knight, T. W., d. March 12, 1863 



508 



Military Annals of Tennessee 



Feary, J. 3., d. April 19, 1863. 
House, H. J., d. July 15, 186-3. 
Greeson, 8. 51., d. Oct. 26, 1862. 



Wait, J. M., d. April 25, 1862. 
Gilliland, A. M„ d. May 8, 1861. 
Lindsay, K. T. ; d. May 8, 1862. 
Oiingan, J. A., d. May 24, 1SG2. 
Studivant, It. .M., d. April 6, 1S02. 
Shipp, James, d. March 20, 1862. 
Sexton, M., d. June 2, 1862. 
Stripling, E. N„ d. May 8,1862. 
Watson, E. T., d. June 5, 1862. 
Lindsay, G. W., d. Oct. 8, 1862. 
Swindle, J. T., d. May 24, 1862. 



Clemmons, J. T., k. at Murfree: 
Kolioway, N. W,, d. June 29, 186; 
Brown, Jesse, d. Dec. 15, 1862. 
Baird., Clinton, d. April 3, 1862. 



Smith, W. A., d. July 2, 1862. 
Gillespie, T. J., d. April 27, 1862, 
Anderson, T. L., d. May 20, 1862. 
Bland, O. K., d. June 15, 18G2. 
Murell, J. A., d. July 12, 1862. 
McFerrin, W. A., d. July 2, 1862. 
Webber, J. B., d. June 16, 1862, 
Webber, J. T., d. July 15, 1862. 



Gains, A. M., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Ferguson, Capt. C. H., k. at Perryville 
Nelson, H. W., k. in battle. 
Ocwns, J. W., d. Sept. 15, 1864. 
Mosely, D. W., d. March 26, 1863. 



• Prewitt, Martin, d. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Nelson, W. P., d. March 29, 1S64. 

I Sharpton, E. L., d. April 21, 1864. 

COMPANY G. 
Captain, J. J. Mayneld. 

Moore, J. J., d. Oct. 25, 1361. 
Mills, Jesse, d. Oct. 29, 1863. 
Banks, J. M., d. July 22, 1864. 
Alexander, L>. II., d. May 14, 1864. 
Paugherty, J. N., d. April 6, 1864. 
Franklin, H. E., k. in battle. 
Sartain, J. W., k. in battle. 
Suddeth, J. W., k. in battle. 
Skelton, William, k. in battle. 
Winter, J. W., k. in battle. 
| Womaek, W. J., k. in battle. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, T, G. Cook. 
:oro. Reed, H. T., d. Jan. 18, 1863. 

McKay, R. L., k. July 20, 1864. 
Holland, J. L., k. in battle. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, W. B. Wright. 

. Calho-m, A. C, d. Aug. S, 1362. 
Galloway. J. T., d. Sept. 27, 1362. 
! Clary, J. W„ d. Jan. 22. 1363. 
j Wilson, E. H., d. April 3, 1863. 
j Duval I, R. B., k. in battle. 
! Green, G. R., k. in battle. 

Hill, A. J, k. in battle. 
I 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, Allen B. Lovejoy. 

Burnside, J. M., d. Jan., 1863. 
Smith, J. C, d. July 27, 1862. 
Knox, J. P., d. 
Lovejoy, O. M., d. 



THIRTY-NINTH AND FORTIETH TENN. INFANTRY. 



(CONSOLIDATED.) 



Official] 



Logan, C. A, k. March 15, 1862 
Murray, T., d. Aug. 20, 1862. 
HeweU, E., d. May 15, 1862. 



COMPANY A. 

Captain, H. H. Higgins. 
Gatlin, Valentine, d. Nov. 28, 1861. 

COMPANY B. 
Captain, F. A. Ragsdale. 

Freeborn, Isaac, d. May 5, 1862. 
Meenack, R. T., d. Aug. 29, 1862. 



.Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



;0£ 



Branning, E., d. May 1, 1862. 
MeCanley, P., d. May 20, 1SG2. 
Broke, B., d. June 15. 18f52. 
Miller, H. H., d. Aug. 21, 1862. 
Odem, J. A., d. May 1, 1862. 
Grant, John, d. June 1, 1862. 



Cruse, S. W., d. Dec. 4. 1861. 
Ross, W. R., d. Nov. 10, 1861. 
Sim*, W. H., d. Nov. 9, 1861. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, John W. Walker. 

Onece, M., d. May 6, 1862. 
Pierce, G. W„ d. July 4, 1S62. 
Peacock, E., d. May 1, 1802. 
Strickland, J. S., d. June 15, 1862. 
Smith, S. M., d. May 1, 1862. 
Smith, John, d. April 20, 1662. 

COMPANY D. 
Captain, James W. Bush. 

I Stoke?, J. E., d. Nov. 11, 1861. 
White, Wo, d. Nov. 8, 1861. 






COMPANY E. 
Captain, G. W. Whitfield. 
Latham, Charles, d. Nov. 11, 1561. J Burns, J. E., a. Dec. 3, 1861. 



Morgan, C. A., d. Oct, 2, 1861. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, Samuel McCiam. 

| Jone.s, William F., d. Nov. 2, 1861. 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, John Aaron. 
Harrington, William J., d. Nor. 30, 1861. j Bailey. Beloved, d. Nov. 9, 1861. 

Shelton, John, d. Nov. 12, 1861. j Tidwell, John, L, d. Nov. 7, 1861. 



Cameron, John, d. Oct. 6, 1861. 
Simmons, T. J., d. Oct. 30, 1861. 
Thompson, Marston, d. Nov. 10, 1S5L 
Savage, W. J., d. Nov. 27, 1861. 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, J. T. Law. 

Richardson, Marion, d. Nov. 22, 1861 
Mcintosh, R., d. Nov. 3, 1861. 
Marst, William, d. Nov. 15, 1861. 



Creason, W.R., d. Nov. 12, 1861. 
Cripper, David, d. May 9, 1862. 
Saddler, R. F., d. Sept, 7, 1862. . 
Anderson, John. d. June 17,1862. 
Cawdry, Wm, d. Jan. 5, 1S62. 
Dawson. J. J., d. May 3, 1862. 
Holt, J. R, d. May 24, 1862. 
Jones, Jamuel, d. June 10, 1862. 
Kincaid, Benjamin, d. Aug. 3, 1862. 



Aldridge, James, d. Dec. 8, 1861. 
Clinch, John, d. Nov. 21, 1861. 



COM PAN V I. 
Captain, W. E. Stewart. 

Martin, W. P., d. May 3, 1862. 
Odem, John. d. May 13, 1862. 
Pierson, Ned, d. April 16, 1862. 
Robertson, F., d. May 5, 1S62. 
Rose, Wiiliam, d. April 5, 1862. 
Rcs«, B. F., d. Apr.I. 1862. 
Springer, A., d. June, 1862. 
Thatcher, Samuel, d. April 29, 1862. 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, A. G. Hammaek. 

j Hunter. John P., d. Nov. 11, 1861. 
Sutherim, James, d. 21, 1861. 






FORTY-FIRST TENNESSEE INFANTRY, 

By James D. T;ll.%5an, Fayetteville, Tenn. 

This regiment was com posed of two companies from Franklin count v, com- 
manded by C. II. Lean and A. M. Keith; four from Lincoln county, coramaudrd 
hy Capt. J. I). Scott, J. II. George, W. W. James, and John F. Fly; three from 



510 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Bedford county, Capts. Ab. S. Boone, W. L. Brown, and B. Logan; and one from 
the county of Marsh-all, J. G. Osborne, Captain. These companies numbered one 
thousand men, and were organized into a regiment at Camp Trousdale, November 
26, 1861. Robert Farquharson, who had been a Major in Col. W, B. Campbell's 
regiment in the war with Mexico, was elected Colonel; R. G. McCIure. of Mar- 
shall county, Lieutenant-colonel; T. G. Miller, of Franklin county, Major; Jacob 
Anthony, of Lincoln, Adjutant; Arch Hughes, of Bedford, Quartermaster: VT. 
W. McNelby, of Lincoln, Surgeon; and T. B. McNaughten, Commissary. The 
latter was killed on leaving the boat at Fort Donelson by a cannon-shot tired by 
one of the Federal gun-boats. 

From Camp Trousdale the regiment went to Bowling Green on the 23d of 
December, 1S01. From Bowling Green it went to Fort Donelson, there taking 
an active part in the fighting, and surrendering with Gen. Buekner. The privates 
and non-commissioned officers were sent to Indianapolis, the line officers to Camp 
Chase, at Columbus, Ohio, and the field officers to Fort Warren. The line officers 
were afterward sent to Johnson's Island. 

The men and officers were exchanged at Vicksburg in September, 1562, and 
near that place, at Clinton, the regiment was reorganized, Farquharson beins? 
reelected Colonel; J. D. Tillman, Lieutenant-colonel; and T. G. Miller. Major. 
The company organization remained about the same, J. R. Feenby taking the place 
of Scott as Captain, William March of George, and W. B. Fonville of Capi Fly. 

After much, marching and countermarching in Northern and Central Missis- 
sippi, the regiment was ordered to Port Hudson early in January, 1833, where 
it was a silent spectator of the bombardment of the place and the passage of some 
of the enemy's gun-boats. 

The thunder of cannon, the sharp notes of steam-whistles, the hoarse hissing 
of broken and punctured pipes, were terrific to the ear; the bursting of shell 
and the blazing of fu^es high in air were beautiful to the eye, but not a mar- was 
killed, and the Forty-first Regiment never afterward seemed to have any fear ox 
cannon on land or water. 

On the 2d of May the regiment left Port Hudson and went by rail and by 
marches in the direction of Jackson. Miss. It became engaged with a large force 
of the enemy at Raymond, where Capt. Boone was killed, as also Col. McGavoek 
of the Tenth Regiment. After this the command to which, the Forty-firs: was 
attached did some heavy fighting and a great deal of severe skirmishing at Jack- 
son; and the marching, which characterized the movements of Gen. Johnston in 
the rear of Yicksburg and on the flanks of Gen. Grant, was as severe and trying 
as any service which the command had yet experienced. 

At Yazoo City the men and officers disposed of a large portion of their jewelry, 
consisting of watches, rings, and chains, to the ever- vigilant and fas-sighted Jews. 
They seemed to know that the surrender of Vicksburg could be delayed only a 
few days, and then that a ring of the value of two or three dollars would be 
worth more than two or three hundred dollars of Confederate money. 

Vicksburg surrendered on the 4th of July, 1863, and the Forty-first Regiment 
was encamped during the month of August at Enterprise, Miss., where it feasted 
on peaches done in every style, and played poker for the money it had received 
for its jewelry at Yazoo City. 

On the 7th of September it left by way of Mobile, and went to the vicin.ry of 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 511 



Chickamauga. It was in the thickest of that fight, and suffered severely in killed 
and wounded; Lieut -col. J- E>- Tillman being in command, Col. Farquh arson 
haying been placed on the retired list. 

Daring the winter of 1863 and I8G4, and up to May, 1864, it was encamped near 
Dalton, Ga. On the 1st of May, 1864, during religious services, ten men were 
killed by the falling of a tree. 

In the retreat on Atlanta and Jonesboro the Forty-first Regiment did its full 
share of fighting, skirmishing, and picketing, and gladly thence followed Hood on 
his disastrous march into Tennessee. Xo command suffered more in the battle at 
Franklin. 

The few men and officers who had survived battles, picket duty, marches, and 
disease, and — if without hope, still had pride — returned to the south side of the 
Tennessee River, and in the spring of 1865 surrendered with Joseph E. Johnston 
at Salisbury, Xorth Carolina. 

In the first consolidation of regiments, reduced to battalions, the Forty-first was 
thrown with the Tenth, and made up as it then was of Irish from Nashville, and 
of men who previous to their enlistment had many of them never seen a city, it 
was as harmonious as if all had been of one nationality. The history of such a 
regiment, composed of such men, seeking no danger through love of it, and shirk- 
ing none through fear of it. is best found in the fame of the heroes it has aided 
in making. Its brigade commanders were Bushrod Johnson, Maney, Greg?, and 
Strahl, and by all it was always commended for its steady performance of every 
duty required of it. There was never a feud among the officers, or bickerings 
among the companies. 

The Forty-first Tennessee was ever ready to do, or to attempt to do, whatever 
was ordered, whether to dig a ditch or cross one in the face of the enemy, to 
charge a battery or go on picket. It lost more men on picket than in the charge. 
Its dead are laid away in unmarked graves in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, 
Georgia, and Tennessee, and in the prison cemeteries of Camp Douglas, Camp 
Morton, Rock Island, and Camp Chase. 

A thousand glorious actions that might claim 
Triumphant laurels and immortal fame 
Contused in crowds of glorious actions lie, 
And troops of heroes undistinguished die. 

Mem. — One of the most valuable sketches of Tennessee iu the great civil war 
was brought out some years since by Sumner A. Cunningham, of Shelbyville, a pri- 
vate in the above regiment. 

The Battle of Raymond. 

BY WIX.LIAM E. CUNNINGHAM. 
From Weekly Philadelphia Times, Nov. 26, 1831. 

The morning of May 11, 1363, was bright and pleasant. Our men, after a 
march of two hundred miles from Port Hudson, La., were scattered about the camp 
which we temporarily occupied about one mile north of Jackson, Miss. Our ma reli 
had been tedious, as Griersons raid had played sad havoc unto the railroad to New 
Orleans, a short time before, leaving nothing for fifty miles but the hacked road-bed. 
The men were in groups, wandering about camp, or enjoying a cool plunge in the 
grateful waters oi Pearl River, which ran close by. Many were the surmises as 



512 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



to our destination and as to the object of our march. Many an eye gleamed and 
brightened as some comrade ventured the prophecy that we were bound for Ten- 
nessee, for our brigade was composed of Tennessee regiments, save one. The sur- 
mises were cut short by the sharp bugle-blast, which sounded the assembly. In a 
few minutes w r e were ready, and a short march brought us out on the hill over- 
looking Jackson. Halting to form, we began the march through the city. The 
Forty-first Tennessee, Col. Farquharson (a man who gained celebrity in Mexico- 
as Major of the First Tennessee, and who was badly wounded at Monterey), was 
followed by the Third Tennessee, Col. Walker. Then came the Tenth Tennessee 
(Irish), Col. MeGavoek; then the Thirtieth, Col. Head; the Fiftieth, Col. Sugg, 
and the First Tennessee Battery, Major Colms. The rear was brought up by Col. 
Granbury, Seventh Texas, all under command of that lamented soldier and gen- 
tleman, Gen. John Gregg, of Texas. The column was headed by the band of the 
Third, and it fell to my lot to command the advance. As we moved down the 
wide road, marching to the strains of " The Girl I Left Behind Me," I glanced 
back, and could not restrain a feeling of pride in the splendid arrray of gallant 
men, nearly all of whom I knew r either personally or by regiment. It was a per- 
fect body of men Gregg led through Jackson that lovely morning, and many a fair 
hand on this occasion gave the lie to the story that Jackson people charged for 
handing water to the noble fellows as they filed by. The streets were lined and the 
Avindows crowded as we marched along, not knowing our destination till we passed 
the depot and took the Eiaymond road. Raymond is the county-seat, although. 
Jackson is the State capital, and both being in the same county. We soon met 
straggling cavalry who stopped in their mad flight long enough to tell us of a cavalry 
raid up from Grand Gulf. We had been itching for a fight, and could not have 
been suited better than to meet the raiders. The country was green with growing 
grain, and presented a peaceful, happy, and contented appearance. Xo sign of 
war had ever disturbed the people in their quietude; no thought of a Federal, 
save as a prisoner, ever for a moment entered their heads. If there were timid 
ones they were reassured as our army of seven regiments appeared, advancing to 
meet a foe which we little dreamed was the advance of Grant's host. The citi- 
zens met us kindly and wonderingly. Kaymond was peaceful; Raymond was 
happy. No sound of strife had yet reached that retired spot, which then was 
filled with refugees from other points. Early on the morning of the 12th the 
town was overrun with soldiers, having what we called a ''high old time." In 
the midst of fun, feasting, and coquetting the long roll sounded, and every man 
answered promptly. Gen. Gregg moved through the town very quietly, where 
hundreds of people were eagerly watching events, little dreaming of the carnage 
to follow. He formed his command with the right, composed of the Forty-first 
Tennessee, covering the Edwards's Depot road and at intervals of fifty or one hun- 
dred yards successively, with Capt. Graves's three-gun battery in the center on the 
Grand Gulf road. This is the same Captain Graves who mounted an old rusty 
piece on wagon-wheels and tired the first gun at Boonville, Mo., early in 1861. 
This battery was supported by the Tenth. We were expecting nothing but cav- 
alry, which we felt satisfied we could whip. Skirmishers were advanced in the 
thick black copse, and almost instantly the quiet was broken by the crack of the 
rifle, answered by the first big gun in our center. Suddenly the jound of the skir- 
misher's rifle was lost amid the roar of musketry, while our three pieces belched 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



and thundered defiance at the six-gun battery of the enemy on the hill opposite. 
The force ot* the enemy was developed, and very suddenly, for from right to 
left along our whole front of a mile the battle opened at close range. At this 
juncture Col. McGavoqk advanced to charge the battery, supported by the Third. 

Nearly all saw him, as with gallant bearing he led his men, and as he moved ir- 
resistibly forward, capturing four guns. Tins was as gallant a charge as ever was 
made against terrible odds. In the moment of success the fiery McGavock fell. 
shot through the heart. Major Grace took command, only to fall from a severe 
wound. The fighting around the battery was bloody in the extreme. The Third 
moved up in support, and in ten minutes one hundred and ninety of the five hun- 
dred comprising their number were killed or wounded. By this time the battle 
along the whole line was raging with incredible fury. At the one hundred and 
thirteenth round one of Bledsoe's guns burst. Still we held our ground and had 
possession of the captured guns. Gen. Gregg had discovered long before this that 
we had encountered something heavier than cavalry, and by examining capture! 
prisoners found they represented eighteen regiments. A whole corps was in our 
front. There was one of two things left us — to retreat in the face of such num- 
bers, or to wait till we were entirely surrounded. IJV decided to retreat, which we 
accomplished successfully, even moving our shattered guns to Mississippi Springs, 
six miles from the batte-field, where we bivouacked for the night. On our retreat 
through Ilaymond we saw ladies with quilts and bandages for the wounded, who 
were being cared for by their tender hands. They would not be persuaded to 
leave the streets, even after the enemy's shells were flying and crashing through 
houses. Mournfully we took up our line of retreat, bearing off our slightly 
wounded prisoners, numbering two hundred and eighty. 

With six thousand men Gregg had met the advance of Grant's army, and had 
successfully resisted his advance in a regular battle of eight hours. Our loss was 
over ten per cent., or six hundred and fifty men killed and wounded. The his- 
tory of the war furnishes no instance where the heroic gallantry of Southern sol- 
diers showed to better advantage. After the lapse of eighteen years the memory 
of Ilaymond, though fought by a single brigade of Confederates against fearful 
odds, stands out as one of the most remarkable and hard-fought battles of the Avar. 
Not one of the regiment commanders is now alive, and Gregg himself fought his 
last battle in front of Petersburg, and now sleeps with the rest. This proved to 
be the second act in Pemberton's grand drama of the "Fall of Vicksburg." On 
the 10th the battle of Port Gibson was fought, Raymond on the 12th; on the 
15th that of Bakers Creek, which told the tale. Was it good generalship that 
the defenders of the city should be divided and cut to pieces in three separate 
battles (not over twelve miles apart) by overwhelming odds? 



OgfciaLi 



FoRTY-riEST Tennessee Infantry. 



Color.pl, Jsirtifs D. Tillman; Lieutenant-colonel, T. 0. Miller; Surgeon, Samuel M. Thomp- 
son; Assistant Quartermaster, Archibald Hughes; Assistant Surgeon. J. H. Simmons; Adju- 
tant, Jake Anthony. 

COMPANY A. 

Captain, William W. .Tame.-. 
Carter, R. M., d. March 2, 18C2. | Little, Daniel, d. March, t&52. 

Hoats, \v. N., d. Dee. 5, 188& [ Warren, Thomas, d. March, iscj. 

33 



514 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Warden, W. R., d. March, 1862. 
Phelps, Ephrnira, d. March, 18G: 
Jean, Uriah, d. Jan. 1, b>03. 
Marr, Henry, d. Feb. 20, 1863 
Bagley, W. H., k. at Raymond. 
Polhxlc, Boyer, d. Dec. 27, 1862. 
Ren* gar, J. II., k. at Jackson. 
Carter, C. M.,d. Dee. 20, 1803. 



Neeley, W. P, k. near Atlanta. 
Jones, W. H., k. near Jonesboro. 
Scales, W. P., d. March lo, 1864. 

Nance, J. B., k. at Missionary Ridge, 
Crumpton, Jesse, d. at Atlanta. 
Greer, James, k. at Chickamauga. 
Richards, T. R., d. Oct. 15, 1803. 
Waid.J. II., k. in battle. 
Thomas,, John N.. d. Dec. 14, 1862. 



j Davidson, R. J.,d. Sept. 1.1SG3. 
J Lane, J. K., d. July 15, 1863, 
! Warren, E., d. July 1. 186a 
' Ashley, W. A., tl. Ocf. 23, 1863. 

Miles, W. C, k. at Chickamauga. 

McClure, F. M., d. Aug. 26, 1SG3. 

Bartlett, Joseph, d. May, 1863. 

Btntley, G. W., k. near Atlanta. 

COMPANY B. 
Captain, William L. Brown. 

i Allen, Joseph V,*., March 1, 1803. 
! Marton, J. H., d. April 14, 1863. 
I Russell, Capt. J. C, d. March 1, 1303. 
Stephenson. R. F., d. Jan. 3, 1802. 
Solomon, William, d. March 10, 1862. 
Hide, Charles, d. Dec. 24, 1802. 



I Coleman, W. A., d. March 24, 1862. 
{ Allen, Alexander D., d. Feb. 23, 1802. 
I Brown, Capt. W. L., d. March 8, 1862. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, James D. Scott. 



Fullerton, James R., k. at Chickamauga. 
Fulton, R. F., k. at Chickamauga. 
Wiley, J. K., k. at Fort Donelsoc. 
Gracey, W. C, k. at Jackson. 
Stephens, James H., k. in battle. 
Halicock, B. F., d. during service. 
English, J. C, d. during service. 
Halicock, Samuel, d. during service. 
Henderson, William, d. during service. 



j Allbrizht, Man^on, d. during servi^o. 
Canghran, W. H., d. Dec. 10,1862. 
Woodard, A., d. Nov. 2, 1862. 
Reavis, D. J., d. Oct 7, 1802. 
Branson, B. T., d. Sept. 30, 1862. 
Wright. J. P., d. Apr. 25, 1862. 
McTier, J. W., d. Feb. 5, 1862. 
Isom, V. C, d. April 1, 1*62. 
Denuison, Robert, d. Feb. 1, 1SG2. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, Joseph H. George. 



Downing. W. M„ k. at Chickamauga. 
Alexander, G. A., k. at Chickamauga. 
March, W. J., k. at Chickamauga. 
Rhodes, John W, k. at Port Hudson. 
Sanders, Win., k. at Port Hudson. 
Phagern, W. P., k. at Port Hudson. 
Rowell, James J., d. a prisoner of war. 
Bell, A. H., d. a prisoner of war. 
Bierner, Charles W., d. a prisoner of war. 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, John F. Fly 



Hall, Jesse M. G, d. a prisoner of war. 
Moore, Hugh, d. a prisoner of war. 
McDougall, W. T., d. a prisoner of war. 
Spray, W. L., d. a prisoner of war. 
Wicks, Jason, d. a prisoner of war. 
Wicks, A. A., d. a prisoner of war. 
George, W. A., d. a prisoner of war. 
Gohr, F. M., d. a prisoner of war. 



Bonner, Thomas F.. k. at Chickamauga. 
Harris, T. H., k. at Missionary Ridge. 
Dyer, J. H., k. at Jackson. 
Stephenson, J. H., d. Jan. 7, 1863. 
Haislip, F. W., d. June, 1863. 
Welsh, W. H., d. May 2, 1863. 
Chesser, J. B., d. April 17, 1803. 
Harris, W. J. W., d. Oct. 15, 1863, 



Old, IT. C, d. at Corinth. 
King, E. C, d. Oct. 20, 1862. 
Laud. M. B., d. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Moore, Joseph G., d. Jan., 1862. 
McNaugletOD, T. B , k. at Fort Donelson. 
McCnmt, J. J., d. S^pt., 1S02. 
Karkins. J. A., d. Oct. 5, 1802. 
Chitwood, William E., d. Sept. 20, 18<i2. 



Parsons, G. W., k. at Chickamauga. 
Russell. T. F., k. ot Ghieknmaugs 
Cates, James P., d. March 6, 1863. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, A. S. Boone. 



Henley, Burrell, d. June 28, 1S04. 
Vannoy, Jesse V., d. July 27. 1863. 
Streator. John P , d. July 22. 160:5. 



1--. 



J^- 




BRIG;GEN.WlLJLIAMA.QUAiJ!i;S^» STAFF. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Kolls. 51 



Boone, Albert J., k. in battle. 
Robinson, Jamea M., d, Feb. '. 
Meyers, A. F., k. in battle. 



[Wilson, H. A. 
Philpot, J. A., 

I 

COMPANY G. 
Captain, C. H. Bean. 



■■{. pris«on«f ot 
March 2::, l£6s 



Wiseman, George T., k. at Chickamauga. 

McClure, Wra. II.. k. at Chiokamauga. 
Bo wen, Jame?, d. a prisoner of war. 
Tipps, Thomas J., d. a prisoner of war. 
Ray, General, d. a prisoner of war. 
Gilbert, R. T.. d. a prisoner of war. 
Tipp?, George S., k. in battle. 
Eldridge, Jesse, d. Aug., 1863. 



Webb, James, d. June IS, 18ii3. 

Hill, Richard, d. April 13, 1863. 

Hall, W. J., d. April 4,1863. 

Church. George C, d. March 1. 1863 

Wakefield, C. H., d. Oct. 14, 1863. 
i Davis*, William C, d. Oct. 14, 1803. 
j Qnall?, John, d. -Ian. 2n, 1SG2. 
i Metcalfe, Wilburn, d. Dec. 10, 1861. 



COMPANY H. 
Captain, Robert G. McClure. 



Ew:ng, Robert, k.at Missionary Ridge. 
Tillman, William R. F.. k. at Chickamauj 
London, W.T., d. July 1, 1863. 
McCorkle. Daniel B., d. April 8, 1SG3. 
Alexander. William R., d. Nov. 23, 1SG3. 
Carrett, William S., u. May 27, 13*33. 
Cook. James W« d. July 21, 1863, 
SneJJ, Abner H., d. Jan, 19, 1863. 
Kelly, Jason L., d. Jan. 1>. 18*33. 
Job, Stephen H., d. Jan. 17, 1863. 
Fowler, Alexander C, d. Jan. 23, 18*33. 
Cox, Jackson, d. Jan. 25, 1803. 



! Beck, Jasper N., d. Jan. 24, 1$G3. 

j Haislip, Andrew J., March 22, 1862. 

I Robinson, William C, d. June 4, 1863. 

| Parks, Jei omc, d. March 8, 1S62. 

j Parks, Thomas J. L., d. March 25, 1SGJ 

! Nix, William H„ d. March 4, 1862. 

! Mathews, Marcus J,., cl. March 3, 1862. 

J Liles, Joseph, d. May 7, 18*32. 

j Little, S., d, March 23, 1862. 

j Collins, Willis H., d. March 15, 1862. 

! Allen, J. R.. d. Dec. 16, 1861. 



Bradford, E., k. at Chickamau^a. 
Carter, J. E., k. at Chickamauga. 
Oliver, J. W.. k :-t Chickamauga. 
Nason, G. W., k. at Chiekr.m.-uiga. 
Bryant, J. W., k. at Chickamauga. 
Green, Edward, k. at Chickamauga. 
Brougham, William, k. in battle. 



COMPANY T. 
Captain, A. G. Clopton. 

[ Collins, Barbee, k. in battle. 
! Hooper, William, d. Oct. 25, 1863. 
I Bradford, Thomas, d. Aug., 1**33. 
Bradford, Alfred, d. Aug. 11, 18C3. 
Crownover, Starling, d. Dec. 15, 1861. 
, Singleton, Henry, d. Deo. 18, lS62i 
1 Burk, Jacob, d. Dec. 9, 1862. 



COMPANY K. 

Captain, Logan Littleberry. 

Look, James H.. d. Feb. 21, 1861. j Mull ins, David, d. July 16, 1864. 

Odom, James T., d. March 20, 1863. i Nobletr, Wiley B., d. June 1, 1864. 

Patterson, Robert L., d. Aug. 2, 1863. j Norman, James Y., d. July 31. 1864. 

Rozier, William D.. July 1, 186:'.. ; Norman, Wm. G., d. Dec. 31, 1861. 

Campbell, Thomas D., d. Dec. 1, 1863. | Philpot, D. M. S., d. March 2, 1862. 

Stacey, R. J., d. ' 



FORTY-SECOND TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

By Thomas a. Turner, Ashland, Tenn. 

I may gay of Cheatham county what Polk G. Johnson, in his history of the 
Forty-ninth, says of Montgomery ; " Her people were almost unanimously in favor 
of preserving the Federal Union," until President Lincoln issued his call for 
troops. The change of feeling which, followed, however, Was complete. After 
this all were for the South, for secession — men, women, and children. 



!1G Military Annals or Tennessee. 



The company in which I enlisted unci served (G) was organized when Governor 
Isham G. Harris made his first call for troops, but failed to get in, so soon was 
the order idled. We kept together, however, and continued to drill once a week, 
so that when a second call was made we were ready, and Capt. ( Dr.) Isaac I>. 
Walton marched us over to the railroad near Cedar 13 ill. in Robertson county, 
and we pitched our tents at a place since known as Camp Cheatham. I think 
this was about the 1st of October, 1S01. In the organization of our regiment we 
had only five companies of Tennesseans, the other five being Alabamians. The 
Tennessee companies were commanded by Captains Isaac B. Walton, I. N. Hulme, 

Levi MeCollum, J. E. Hubbard, and Whitfield. The Alabama companies 

were commanded by Captains John IT. Norwood, McCampbell, Henry Lead- 
better, and Gibson. 

We elected \V. A. Quarles Colonel; Isaac B. Walton, Lieutenant-colonel; and 
Levi McCollum, |fajor. Our field officers were all Tennesseans. Our Alabama 
companies expi essed some dissatisfaction at this, so on our arrival at Camp Dun- 
can (fair-grounds, Clarksville, Teun.'i our Lieutenant-colonel — I. B. Walton — 
being an honorable, upright, Christian gentleman, with great magnanimity ten- 
dered his resignation, reducing himself to the ranks, in order that an Alabamian 
might be chosen in his stead. His place was conferred upon Capt. John H. Nor- 
wood, than whom no man was braver. 

We were again removed, and stationed at Fort Sevier, overlooking Cumberland 
River, just below Clarksville. On Thursday, Feb. 13, 1.8G2, we were ordered to 
Fort Donelson, at which place a battle had already begun. This was our first 
engagement. We went down the Cumberland River on board the steamer ''Gen- 
eral Anderson,' 1 landing at Dover about 2 o'clock p.m. amidst a shower of shells 
from the enemy, in which several of our men were wounded. Quarles's regiment 
was instantly ordered to the left wing to support the Thirtieth Tennessee, which 
was being charged by the enemy, but before we reached the scene of action the 
gallant Thirtieth had repulsed the foe. We were next ordered to the right wing 
to support a battery commanded by Capt. Green. At this point the Federals had 
made a charge, attempting to capture certain artillery, but were met and driven 
back by the Tenth Tennessee, commanded by Col. Heiman. The enemy made a 
most desperate effort to capture this battery, and succeeded in dismounting every 
gun in it. They also killed or wounded almost every gunner, together with many 
of the horses. After they were repulsed, we were ordered into the ditches, to pro- 
tect us from shells and sharpshooters. It was here that we began to understand 
the seriousness of war. Here around us lay our brethren, mangled, cold, stiff] 
death Among the dead here I remember to have noticed six of the gallant old 
Tenth. Soon night came on, and with it cold rain, then sleet, then snow; and to 
make our distress complete, our men were nearly all without coats — the evening of 
our arrival being very warm, we were ordered to leave our baggage at the wharf, 
which we did, and never heard of it again; hence, in this condition the Forty- 
second Regiment fought the battle of Donelson, and in this condition they were 
surrendered on the morning of the IGth of February, 1862. I simply state here 
that though Friday was a busy day the enemy were repulsed wherever they made 
an attack, and every Confederate soldier's heart beat high iu anticipation of a 
glorious victory. Saturday the same feeling prevailed — I mean among the pri- 
vate soldiers (of v honi I was one) — and there never was greater surprise in anv 



Eegimental Histoeies and Memorial Rolls. 517 

camp than in that of the Ferty-second Tennessee, when it began to he whispered 
early Sunday morning that tiie troops who had fonght so hravely were to "pass 
under the yoke," not whipped, but surrendered; 

In the engagement at Fort Donelson the Forty-second had quite a number 
killed and wounded. Being oniy partially acquainted with other companies than 
my own, 1 am not able to give names. Our company ((-J) lost one killed — George 
Dye, private. "Wounded: G. W. Weakley, Orderly Sergeant; J. E. Turner, pri- 
vate. The other companies suffered, hut I cannot give names or numbers. 

After our surrender the privates were sent t<> Camp Douglas, Illinois, the offi- 
cers to Johnson's Island. The privates were exchanged at Vicksburg, Miss., in 
September, 1862; the officers were exchanged in Virginia, but soon joined us at 
Vicksburg. The regiment reorganized at Clinton, Miss., about the last of Sep- 
tember, 1862. W. A. Quarles was again elected Colonel, and I. X. Hulme was 
elected Lieutenant-colonel. Levi McCollum was reelected Major. The five Al- 
abama companies who had served with us until now were put with Alabama com- 
panies, and we received five Tennessee companies in their stead. The Forty- 
second was then composed of ten companies of Tennesseans from Middle and 
West Tennessee. 

From Clinton the Forty-second journeyed exactly as did the Forty-ninth, to 
which the reader is referred. In Mareh, 1S63, Col. Quarles was made Brigadier- 
general, when, by seniority, Hulme became Colonel: McCollum, Lieutenant-col- 
onel; and Hubbard, Major. 

We left Port Hudson, La., on the 6th of April, 1865, en route for Jackson, Miss. 
Thence we were ordered to Vicksburg to reenferce Gen. Pemberton. We were 
within fourteen miles of that place when it surrendered .Inly 4, 1863. ■ We be- 
gan our retreat from Bird Song Pond on the morning of the 5th of July, falling 
back to Jackson, at which place we held the enemy in cheek for several days. 
We were with Gen. Loring, anil served under Gen. Johnston in his campaign in 
Mississippi. We were next sent to Mobile, Ala.; thence to Dalton, Ga.; thence 
back to Mobile; thence to Mississippi again. 

Gen. W. A. Quarles was now commanding our brigade. Our former command- 
er was Gen. S. B. Maxey. of Texas, a gallant and chivalrous oflieer; and though 
the brigade loved him dearly, yet they had great satisfaction in his successor, Gen. 
Quarles, whom every soldier in the brigade loved and served as a son does a la- 
ther. When off duty he was '"one of us," but when occasion demanded it he 
was dignity itself. He was a brave and brilliant soldier, yet careful and prudent; 
wise in counsel; full of executive ability. Our division commander was Gen. 
French, Lieut.-geu. Polk commanding the corps. We went from Meridian, Miss., 
to Mobile, Ala., being thence transferred to the Army of Tennessee. Our divi>- 
ion commander then was Gen. E. C. Walthall, of Coffeeville, Miss., an excellent 
officer. We were in the engagements at New Hope Church in May, 1S64, Pine 
Mountain and Kennesaw in June. At Pine Mountain Gen. Polk was killed. 
After his death Gen. Johnston took charge of the corps. 

We were in the engagements at Smyrna Depot, Peach-tree Creek, Atlanta, and 
Lick-skillet Road. At Peach-tree Creek and Lick-skillet we surlered severely, 
particularly at the latter. The battle of Franklin, however, was more destruc- 
tive to our regiment by far than any previous battle had been. We were only a 
skeleton when the battle began. The Fortv-secon I went into that battle with 



518 Military Annals of Tennessee. 






about one hundred and seventy-five men, and came out with about half that n im- 
ber. Itore our Colonel, I. X. Hulrue, received a wound from which he never re- 
covered. 1 would mention here our Odor-bearer, an Irishman named Mianey, a 
man literally without fear. He had his head nearly severed from his body while 
trying to plant the fiag on the third line of the enemy's works. To the be»« i f 
my recollection, the Forty-second came out of the battle of Franklin with about 
eighty-five men. The company to which I belonged went into the battle with 
twenty-seven nun, and came out with thirteen killed and wounded, eightof whom 
were killed dead on the field. Our Brigadier-general, Quarles, received a severe 
wound in the arm in this battle. Maj.-gen. Walthall had his horse shot under 
him. Adjt.-gen. Stephen A. Cowley was killed, with many other brave and tr le 
Teunesseans, whom I would gladly mention, but cannot recall their names: >> 1 
'"leave them alone in their glory." 

From Franklin we pursued the enemy to Nashville, arriving there December 
10, 1864. We contended with the Federal forces there for three days, but accom- 
plished nothing, and retreated on the 20th. On this retreat I was captured n<_-ar 
Spring Hill, Tenn., and sent to Camp Chase, Ohio. Was exchanged in March, 
1865, by way of Richmond, Vat. Was sick in a hospital at Greensboro. X, C, 
when the armies surrendered. Hence my story of the Forty-second Teimts>ee 
Infantry practically ends with the battle at Nashville. 

[Thomas A, Turner was a private in Co. G. — J. B. L.] 

Quarles's Brigade. 



Composed of the Forty-second Tennessee, Col. I. N. Hulme; Forty-«ixth Tenness??. Col. R. 
A. Owens; Forty-eighth Tennessee (Yoorhies's), Col. W. M. Yoorhies ; Forty-eighth Tenne-^ee 
(Nixon's),, Col. H. G. Evans; Forty-ninth Tennessee, Col. W. F. Young; Fifty-third Ter.-.e.-se^, 
Col. J. R. While; Fifty-fifth Tennessee. Col. G. B. Biack; Fourth Louisiana, Coi.S. E. Ranter: 
Thirtieth Louisiana, Lieut.-col. Thos. Shields; Fenner's battery, Louisiana, Capt. C. E. Fen- 
ner. 

QfABLES AND STAFF. 

Wm. Andrew Quarles. Tennessee, Brigadier-general ; date of rank. Aug. 25, 1863. Raised a 
regiment at Camp Cheatham, 1861. Sent to Fort Donelson. Captured and sent to prison, and 
exchanged in September, L862. Severely wonnded twice at battle of Franklin. The hospital 
that he occupied was afterward captured by the Federal army, and he did not recover from 
his wounds till long after the close of the war. 

Thos. G. Cox, iJHtri.-t of Columbia, Capt. and A. A. G. ; date of rank, Oct. 1, 1S6.3. Age twen- 
ty-six years. Served through war. Died since. 

W. B. Munford. Tennessee, A. A. A. G. Age twenty years. Killed at battle of Franklin. 

S. A. Cowley, Virginia, Capt. and A. I. G. ; date of rank, Sept. 9, 1863. Age twenty Tears. 
Killed at battle of Frank in. 

T. L. Bransford, Tennessee, Capt. and Ordnance Off.; date of rank, Aug. "2.3, 1863. S-*rv-?i 
throush war. Died since. 



Ashton Johnson. Missouri, Lieut, and A. D. C. ; date of rank, Au<r. 25, lSt"3. Age eighteen 
• ypars. Killed at battle of Lick- skillet Road, Atlanta, Ga., July 28, 1801. 

Polk G. Johnson. Tennessee. Lieut, and A. D. C. ; date of rank, July -JD, 1864. Age nineteen 
years. Wounded at Atlanta, G\. Served through war. 

G. S. Atkins, Tennessee, Maj. and Q. M.; date of rank, Aug. 23, 1363. Died in service j ist 
before close of war. 

John Q.Thomas, Kentucky, Maj. and Com.; date of rank, Aug. 2">, \^)Z. Served throogb 
war. 

Theo. "Westmoreland, Alabama, Maj; and Surg. Served through war. 

The following officers acted on the start' at different times during the war by detail : 

A. F. Smith. Tennessee, Lieut, and A. A. A. G. Detached from Forty-ninth Tennessee Reg- 
iment, as such, for some time. Served through war on staff of Gen. E. C. WadhaiL Wonnd- 
ed in North Carolina, 186a. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 519 



Clarence Quarles, Arkansas, A. A. D. C. Served through war. 

G. L. Hani.*, Tennessee, (.'apt.. A. Q. M., and Com. Served through war. 

W. R. Poindexrer. Kentucky, Cant, and A. Com. Served through war. 

James .M. Jackson, Maj. and A. Surg. Served through war. 

R. S. Napier, Ternier-see, Card, ruid A. Sur.:. Served through war. 

Jas. Shute, Louisiana, CapL and A. A. t>, C. Served through war. 

Ed. Biddeil, Missouri, A. A. D. C. Served through war. 

Lieuc.-gen. A. P. Hill, Third Corp.-, Army of Northern Virginia. Staff: Frank \V. Green, 
Tennessee, Capt. and A. C. S. ; date of rank, May 17, liC2. Surrendered at Appomattox. 

Brig.-gen. I). C. Go van, Cleburne's division, Army of Tennessee. Staff: W. S. Sawrie, Ten- 
nessee, Adjt. and A. A. A. G. ; date of rank, Sept., 1863. Sin rendered at Greensboro, N. C. 

To staff officers from Tennessee: In the volume which has been so long in preparation. I 
wish to record each Tennessean who filled a staff po.-ition, whether with a General from Ten- 
nessee or any other State. This circular is sent out as a specimen, so that parties interested 
may have an opportunity of furnishing the requisite information. 

On Jan. 1, 1884, printing will commence. All details should be in by that date. 

J. Bf.rbien Linpslf.y, Editor Military Annals of Tennessee. 

Nashville, Aug. 25, 1883. 

N. B. — The above was widely circulated, but in vain. Will not the friends of Tennessee 
Confederate history at once prepare such tables for volumes yet to follow? 



Official] 



Forty-second Tennessee Infantry. 



Smith, Robert, k. in battle. 
Foster, W. A., d. March 22. 1S63. 
Rhoten, W. H. H., d. Dec. 4, 1862. 
Reynolds, W. H. H.. d. Oct. 6. 1862. 
Anderson, W. J., d. Pec. 12. 1862. 
Avery, J. A., d. Nov. 12, 1862. 
Clifton, W. R, d. June 10, 1862. 
Depositor. R. F., d. Aug. 29, 1802. 
Essary, T. P., d. May 12, 1862. 
Forsythe, John. .1. Nov. 21, 1S62. 
Forsythe, Solomon, d. Aug. 12, 186! 
Fulton, J. W., d. Nov. 29, 1SG2. 



COMPANY A. 
Captain, J. L. Morphis. 

I Fulton, L. D., d. May 9, 1S62. 
1 Fiowers, J. H., d. May 19, 1862. 
i Gibson, L. J. A., d. Aug. 1. 18(52. 

Kinchen, A. J., d. Aug. 28, 1882. 

Magee, A. J., d. Jan. 19, 1862. 

Morton. Benjamin, d. July 2d, 1862. 

Ray, J.E., d. Nov. 25, 18*32. 

Reed, James, d. Oct. 11, 1862. 
i Richardson, Berry, d. April 18, 18e2. 
I Surratt, Jacob, d. June 12, 1862, 
| Willis, J. FL, d. Jan. 12, 1863. 
| Welsh, J. W., d. March 2, 1862. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, Josiah R. Hubbard. 



Owing, Samuel H., k. at Fort Donelson. 
Carter, Frank, k. at Perry viile. 
Askins, W. W., d. Feb. 9, 1863. 
Boyd, Wesley, d. Feb. 0. 1S6& 
Fox, George, d. Oct. 27, 1863. 
Gilbert, Webster, d. a prisoner of war. 



Howe'.!, Geo. W., d. a prisoner of war. 
Jeanes, Carter, d. a prisoner of war. 
Millburn, Oliver P.. d. a prisoner of war. 
Roehelle, John G. W., d. March 1862. 
Woods, Francis M., d. 
Yates, Major J., d. May 6, 1863. 



Strong, L. H., d. June 10, 1863. 
Baxter, D. N., d. Feb. 4. 18C3. 
Brandon, J. B., d. May 7, 1863. 
Cranch, D. W.. d. Sept. 5, 1863. 
Foster, J. E., d. July 3. 1362- 
Foster, E. G., d. April 25, 1862. 
Humphreys. W. T., d. Pec. 6. 1862 
Hammer. T. B., d. July 4, 1862. 
Harrell, B. F., d. June 7, 1862. 
Jones, J. H., d. June 7, 1862. 



COMPANY C. 

Captain, J. R. Farabee. 

Jones, W. B.. d. May 10, 1S62. 

Kuneell, J., d. Jan. 12. 1863. 

Lemmon, S. T., d. Dec. 12. 1862. 

Mize, W. H.. d. May 15. 1863. 

Meacham, F. L., d. May 21, 1862. 
! Moore, W. J., d. May 2<\ isr.2. 
! Patrick, J. F.. d. May 26. 18.y2. 
| Rodgers, V. B„ d. April 11. 1862. 
J Randall, J. J., d. April 20, 18.12. 
) Randall, F. M., d. April 27, 1862. 



520 



Military Annals or Tennessee. 



Sawyers, J. L., d. March .'30, 18G2. 
Thompson, H. A., d. May 4, 186,3. 
Wiles, S. II., d. May, 22, 1862. 



Wiles. J. M, d. May 5, 1802. 
Wesson, J., d. March 22, 1862. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, James M. Grace. 



Grace, Cane. James M., d. March 3, 18G.:> 
Thearin, J. T., d. July 6, 1863. 
Reed, Wm., d. Aug. 15, 1862. 
McCarter, W. M.. d. May3, 1862. 
Adams, T. C, d. in prison. 
Carter, T. E-, d. Feb. 12, 18G2. 
Eaton, AY. M., d. July 1, 1862. 
Erwin, 'I nomas, d. March 10, 1862. 
Freeman, Thomas, d. May 10, 1863, 
Former, R. J., d. May 21, 1862. 
Gee. George, d. May 6, 1862. 
Grantham, J. B., d. April 3, 1SC2. 
Johnson, 1>. J., d. Get. 7, 1862. 

Gaph 

McCuuley, P., d. a prisoner of war. 
Branning, E., d. a prisoner of war. 
Brake. B., d. a prisoner of war. 
Cushing, J. P., d. a prisoner of war. 
Cushing, W. B. , d. a prisoner of war. 
Chance, A., d. Nov. 21, 18CI. 
Dixon, C, u. March, 1862. 
Fletcher, J., d. May 6, 18G3. 
Hnekler, R. R., d. a prisoner. 
Haekler, Hall, d. July 28, 1863. 
Jones, F., d. March 20, 1862. 
Lennings, W. P., d. March, 1863. 
Miller, S. L., d. a prisoner. 



Kennedy, John, d. April 16, 1862. 
Reed. J. C, d. a prisoner. 
Roach, Jesse, d. March 10, 18G2. 
Ragon, J. S., d. Aug. C, 1862. 
Shannon, J. K., d. Feb. 23, 1863. 
Scott, .Je^e, d. June 10, 1862. 
Thearin, A., d. May 22, 1862. 
Stephenson, W. J., d. a prisoner. 
Tilmon, J. S., d. Oct. 31, 1862. 
Thompson, P. H., d. May 24, 1862. 
Williams, J. N\, d. March 30, 1863. 
Webb, T. A., d. 



COMPANY E. 

in, C. C. Henderson. 

i Miller, E., d. a prisoner. 



Miller, W. H., d. Dec. 8, 1862. 
Morgan, J. A., d. 

Oglesby, Wm., d. a prisoner of war. 
Odam, J. A., d. a prisoner of war. 
0"Niel, M., d. a prisoner of war. 
Pinner, G. W., d. a prisoner of war. 
j Piicher, G.. d. a prisoner of war. 
Rankin, J. W., d. a prisoner of war. 
Smith, J., d. a prisoner of war. 
Strickland, J. L., d. a prisoner of war. 
Brown, W. E., d. a prisoner of war. 



Sanders, T. G., d. May 11, ISG2. 
Sutton, 0. M., d. April 4, 1862. 
Askins, Lewis, d. Oct. 7, 1862. 
Blackweil, Wm., d. Nov. 12, 1861. 
Baker, G. W., d. April 14. 1862. 
Bast'fan, D. L., d. March 2o, 1802. 
Bastian, W. C, d. June 12, 1862. 
Chandler, .). N\, d. March 0,1862. 
Chandler, J. G.. d. April 12, 1862. 
Chandler, -T. M., d. March 17, 1862. 
Coyle, Adam, d. April 7, 1863. 
Cunningham, S. M., d. June 14, 1863. 
Groves, David, d. Oct. 22, 1863. 



COMPANY F. 

Captain, B. F. Coleman. 

Hughes, W. A., d. Sept. 13, 1863. 
Hutcherson, J. M., d. Aug. 23, 1863. 
Jones, John. d. Nov. IS, 1861. 
Lowe, Cyrus, d. June 30, 1SG2. 
Murphy, A. S. D., d. Nov. 0, 1SG2. 
Morrison, T. B., d. Aug. 17, 1862. 
Richardson, Rufus, d. Oct., 1862. 
Michael, Wm., d. May 13, 1862. 
Morrison, A. J., d. Feh. 17, 1862. 
Sparks, Jes^e, d. March 1, 1862. 
Sawyers, James, d. March 14, 1SG2. 
Vernon, John, d. April 11, 1SG2. 
Vick, T. W., d. June 2, 1S62. 



Dve, G. H., k. at Fort Donelson. 
Fambrough, W. H., d. Aug, 24, 1862 
Hogan, G. F., d. April 12, 1862. 
Jones, Wm., d. March 28, 1SG3. 
Jackson, H. E., April 2. 1862. 
Johnson, J. S., d. Feh. 28, 1863. 
MeDaniel, Thomas d. An- 30, 1862 
MeDaniel, Wm , d. Jan.. 1862. 
Miles, M. I... <1. Oct. 20, 1862. 
Noblitt, S. O., d. Aug. 2G. 1803. 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, G. M. Purdue. 

Pickering, W. P., d. Jan. 30. 1S63. 
Stack, W. H., d. April 26. 1862. 
Smith, W. J., d. Jan. 5, 18C3. 
Smith. A., d. April 12, 1863. 
Srecasky. F. M.. d. Feb. 5, 1863. 
Frawler, J. W., d. Jan. 2\ 1863, 
Weaklev, R. L., d. Oct. 15, 1863. 
Weakley, J. W., d. June 10, 1862. 
Weakley, \V. E., d. June 6, 1^62. 



Kegtmental Histotiies and Memorial Bolls. 



Moore, J. H., d. Feb. To. 1863. 
Sunderland, Levi. d. Oct. 4. 1863. 
Kirklaud, Aaron, d. March 11. 1-Stjrj. 
Rice, Stephen, d. March 3, 1863. 



Flayer, W„ d. Dee. S. 18G2, 
MeacUoW, C. d. June 12, ISC: 
Kelley, R.. d.June 1, 18fii 
Bursfc, L. A., k. in brittle. 
Cockran, M., d. Oet. 4, 1861. 



COMPANY II. 

Captain, W. P. McCoIlura. 

Robert?, Elijah, d. Aug. 28, 1863. 
McKmney, Eli, d. Feb. 13, 1861. 
Fowler, T. J., d. Feb. -20, 1861: 
Page, John, d. April 11, 1862. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, G. \V. Lovett. 

Conner?, J., d. Aug. 2, 1862. 
Jackson, W., d. June 12, 18G2. 
Mate, D., d. Sept. 29, 1861. 
Sparks, J., d. Oet. 21, 1862. 
Shungrough, J., d. Aug. 14, 1SC2. 



COMPANY K. 
Captain, Isaac N. Hulme. 



Dobbs, Hugh, d. Aug, 1SG2. 
Dixon, Alexander B., d. April 22, lsG3. 
Hensley, James B, d. April, 1862. 
Erakefieid, Lemuel, d. Dec. 12, 1863. 
Gate*, John H., d. March 14, 1SG3. 
Clayton, Win, d. Dec. 3, 1861, 
Depriest, James, d. Feb. 26, 1SG3. 
Evan?, Geo. W., d. June, 1SG3. 
Herrington, \V. H, d. Feb. 4, 18G2. 



Hensley, E. T. D, d. Aug, 1S62. 
Harden, Thomas II., d. Dec. 19, 1S61. 
Hunt, Joel, d. March, 1862. 
Randall, J. C., d. Aug. 0, 1862. 
Spurlock, John, d. April, 1SG'2. 
Sharp, Levi, d. March, 1S62. 
Stanley, J. A. V,", d. Sept. 14, 18G2. 
Ward, H. G., d. April, 1862. 
Ward, Thomas D, d. April, 1862. 



FORTY-THIRD TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

By J. N. Aiken. 

When the State of Tennessee determined to raise a provisional army to resist 
what our people considered Federal aggression, Governor Harris appointed Brig> 
gen. Caswell, with Maj. I). M, Key, of Hamilton county, as Assistant Adjutant- 
general, and the Hon. James W. Gillespie, of Rhea county, as Assistant Inspect- 
or-general, to organize the regiments to be raised in East Tennessee. These 
troops were turned over to the Confederate authorities when Tennessee, in June, 
1861, became a member of the Confederacy. Then Gillespie and Key determine i 
to raise a regiment of their own, and for this purpose associated with themselves 
Capt. Lawson Guthrie, oi^ Hamilton county. Gillespie had served as Major ot* 
cavalry in the Mexican war, and Guthrie had served as Captain of infantry, 
,Eaeh of them had distinguished himself in more than one battle during that 
great war, and each of them was brevetted for gallantry at Cerro Gordo. After 
the Mexican war Gillespie was elected Major-general of militia for the divisi >n 
of East Tennessee, served several terms as representative of his people in the 
Legislature, and was one of the most popular and influential men in the Stale. 
Guthrie, after the Mexican war, settled quietly down on his farm, and was an em- 
inent example of that good citizenship which the American soldier always exhib- 
its. He was disabled by wounds at Yicksburg, and retired from the serviee. and 
Capt. W. II. McKamy was promoted Major in his stead. 

A short time after the organization of the regiment President Davis tendered 
Col. Gillespie a Ihiiradier-general's commission; but he would not leave his be- 
loved regiment, and marched home at the head of its few surviving veterans, in 



522 



Military Annals or Tennessee. 






May, 1865, having received but one slight wound during the entire war. It is 
but just to state, however, that during the last eighteen months of the war, Gen. 
Vaughn being in command of a division of cavalry, Col. Gillespie, as senior Col- 
onel, commanded Vaughn's brigade; Capt. J. N. Aiken, as senior Captain, during 
this time being in command of the Forty-third Regiment. Col. Gillespie during 
this period — which embraced the battle of Piedmont, Gen. Early's celebrated raid 
on Washington City, and his active campaign in the Valley of Virginia during 
the summer and fall of 1864, of which much will hereafter be said — exhibited on 
all occasions his eminent fitness for a higher command, had he desired promotion. 
As these two gallant officers and beloved comrades have since the war quietly and 
peacefully u passed over the river to rest under the shade of the trees," I have 
thought it not inappropriate to say this much of them here. 

Judge Key, of whom T shall have more to say hereinafter, is still in the prime 
and vigor of his usefulness, and, having a national reputation, it would be super- 
fluous for me to speak of his eminent qualification for the undertaking he entered 
into with Gillespie and Guthrie in the summer of 1SG1. Nor will it be hard to 
persuade the reader that the efforts of these three men soon resulted in raising a 
regiment that they were proud to command. The regiment was organized in 
November, 1861, by the election of James W. Gillespie, Colonel; D. M. Key, 
Lieutenant-colonel; and Lawson Guthrie, Major. S. A. Key was appointed Ad- 
jutant; Dr. L. Y. Green, Surgeon; A. C. Day, Assistant Quartermaster; and 
Thomas L. Wallace, Assistant Commissary Subsistence. 

The regiment was composed of the following companies: 

Co. A: Captain, John Goodman; from Polk county. 

Co. B: Captain, A. J. Cay wood; from Rhea county. 

Co. C: Captain, J. D. Hill; from Bledsoe county. 

Co. D: Captain, A. W. Hodge; from Meigs county. 

Co. E: Captain, John Phillips; from Hawkins county. 

Co. F: Captain, Sterling Turner; from Koane county. 

Co. Gr: Captain, James Neff; from Jefferson county. 

Co. H: Captain, W. L. Lafferty; from McMinn county. 

Co. I: Captain, W. H. MeKamy; from Bradley county. 

Co. K: Captain, J. X. Aiken; from Hamilton county. 

Kev. A. T. Brooks, of the Holston Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church, 
South, was appointed Chaplain; and no soldier discharged his duty more faithful- 
ly than this man of God, who ministered to the wounded, sick, and dying, on all 
occasions, as gently and kindly as a good woman would have done. 

The regiment did guard duty at the bridges along the East Tennessee, Virgin- 
ia, and Georgia railroad during the winter and spring of 1S61 and LSf>2. At the 
reorganization of the regiment in May, 1862, the field officers were reelected, and 
the following changes were made in the staff and company officers: Dr. A. W. 
Hodge was appointed Surgeon, instead of Dr. Green, resigned: Lieut. John Tom- 
kins was elected Captain of Company A; Lieut. Alexander Robinson was elected 
Captain of Company C; Lieut. Richard Pinion was elected Captain of Company 
D; Lieutenant Joseph Huffmaster was elected Captain of Company E; Lieut 
Win. Wiseman was elected Captain of Company G: and Lieut. Thomas Bryant 
was elected Captain of Company H. 

The left wing of the regiment, under command of Lieut.-col. D. M. Kev, in 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 523 

June, 1862, was sent to report to Brig.-gen. Ledbettcr, at Chattanooga, to resist a 
raid of the Federals then advancing on that place; and alter they retreated the 
whole regiment was assembled at Charleston, where for two months it was kept 
under the strictest military discipline, and daily exercised in battalion drill by 
Lieut.-eol. IX M; Key, and his brother, Adjutant S. A. Key, who were eminently 
qualified for these important duties. In August, 1862, the regiment was ordered 
to Castlewood, Russell county, Va., and assigned to duty in Gen. Humphrey Mar- 
shall's brigade, which in a short time entered Kentucky through Pound Gap, and 
joined Gen. Bragg's army at M?t. Sterling. The ladies of Mt. Sterling presented 
the regiment with a beautiful stand of regimental colors, whieh was received by 
Lieut.-col. D. M. Key, in an eloquent and graceful speech. The regiment was in 
all of the movements of Bragg's army in Kentucky, doing much hard service, bat 
was in no important engagement. Retreating through Cumberland Gap to Le- 
noir's Station, on the East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia railroad, a large 
number of the men were sent home on furlough for a few days to get winter cloth- 
ing, preparatory to our transfer to Vicksburg. On the 22d of December the regi- 
ment took the cars for Vicksburg, and arrived there on the first day of January, 
1S63, where, with the Third, Thirty-fir^t, and Fifty-ninth Tennessee regiments, 
it was assigned to duty under command of Brig.-gen. A. W. Reynolds, as the 
fourth brigade of Stevenson's division. These four regiments remained in the 
same brigade until the close of the Avar; and when I hereinafter speak of the bri- 
gade they will be referred to. The brigade was immediately marched to Chicka- 
saw Bayou, where Sherman was attempting to effect a landing, but after some 
skirmishing the Federals retreated, and the brigade moved down six miles below 
Vicksburg and went into camp. Here we remained, drilling, doing picket duty 
along the Mississippi, and building fortifications at Warrenton, ten miles below 
Vicksburg, until the 1st of May, when we were ordered to Port Gibson, forty miles 
below Vicksburg, where Grant had effected a landing the day before; but the bat- 
tle hail been fought before we got there, and we met our army falling back to the 
Big Black River. The regiment was in the battle of Baker's Creek, or Champion 
Hill, and did important service as rear-guard of our army on the retreat into 
Vicksburg. It also served as rear-guard to Stevenson's division as our army fell 
back across the Big Black, in its retreat from Port Gibson; and at this point 
Lieut. C. J. Ewing, of Company K, who was in command of a small company of 
sappers and miners, in the face of a terrific fire from the advance-guard of the 
enemy, cut up and destroyed the pontoon bridge upon which our army had just 
crossed the river. It was a daring act, gallantly performed. 

The regiment fell baek into Vicksburg on Sunday, the 17th of May, it being 
the last or extreme rear-guard of our army. The Federals threw their forces 
around the city that night and the next day, and the siege began. 

Our division comprised about one-third of Pemberton's army. Our regiment 
and Wall's Texas Legion, composed of fifteen hundred as brave troops as the Lone 
Star State ever sent to war, were assigned to duty as a reserve for our division. 
This was the post of lienor, as we were to support any weak point on the line of 
our entire division. On the 2'2d of May the enemy massed their forces and as- 
saulted our lines. Our regiment was sent to support Gen. Stephen P. Lee's bri- 
gade. The enemy was driven back with <;reat slaughter. Our loss was not heavy, 
but. among the killed was Capt. Sterling Turner, of Company F, as gallant an ofii- 



d± Military Annals of Tennessee. 



cor and as pure a patriot as ever drew his sword in defense of Ida country. He 
was succeeded in command by his gallant young Lieutenant, Clere Jones. Onr 
Assistant Surgeon, W. B. Johnson, who was a universal favorite, received a mor- 
tal wound while caring for the wounded and dying. Our able and efficient Lieut.- 
col. I>- M. Key, was also wounded, and before he recovered from his wound was 
stricken down with malarial fever, from the serious and debilitating effects of 
which he did not recover until long after the war was over. This was an irrep- 
arable loss. He had drilled and disciplined the regiment, and made it one of 
the best commands in tiie whole Southern army. Had his health, permitted him 
to remain in the active service, he would unquestionably have greatly distin- 
guished himself. 

During the remainder of the siege the regiment was kept on outpost duty, 
which was very hazardous, and resulted in frequent attacks by our command up- 
on some one of the enemy's outposts, or their attack upon ours. In these daring 
attacks — all of which were made after night — the Forty-third lost many good of- 
ficers and men. Two of these outpost raids are worthy of special mention. 

On the night of the 21st of June Cant. A. J. Cawood, with fifty-nine men, being 
part of his own company (B) and part of Capt. Wiseman's company (G), was or- 
dered to take an intrenched outpost in front of Col. Barkaloo's Georgia regiment, 
Stevenson's division. They took it, but an overwhelming force of the enerav 
compelled them to abandon it. Of the fifty-nine men who went out to take the 
post, twenty-three were killed and wounded. Among the number was the gallant 
Cawood himself, who received a mortal wound. Lieut. Cruikshanks was killed, 
and Capt. "Wiseman received a painful wound in the arm. On the following night 
Capt. W. H. McKamy, of Company I, with forty-seven men, was ordered to take 
the same post, and fill up the enemy's trenches. They succeeded, but twenty- 
seven of the forty-seven men were killed and wounded. Among the number was 
the courageous McKamy himself, who received a terrible wound in the left shoul- 
der and arm which disabled him during the remainder of the' Avar, and from 
which he has never fully recovered. 

But in a short sketch like this it is impossible to portray the history of the reg- 
iment during the activities, hardships, and dangers of the siege. Suffice it to say 
that the regiment entered Vicksburg with more than nine hundred effective men 
and less than half that number answered to the roll-call when it was exchange I. 
The siege had killed and disabled more than half of as gallant a command as any 
that made the Southern army famous. Our flag — the beautiful banner that the 
fair women of Mount Sterling, Ky., had given us — had nine hundred and seventy- 
two bullet-holes in it when we surrendered. When the brigade was exchanged 
Brig.-gen. J. C. Vaughn was assigned to its command, and it was ordered to re- 
port to him at Decatur, Ga. In September it was with Stevenson's division or- 
dered to reenforce Longstreet's army, then besieging Knoxville; but the siege was 
raised the night we reached Knoxville, and our brigade, as rear-guard to Ste- 
venson's division, passed on into upper East Tennessee. At Rogersvilie the brigade 
was detached from Stevenson's division, and Gen. Vaughn was left in command 
of upper East Tennessee. 

On the 23d of December, Gen. Vaughn received orders to mount his brigade. 
Every East Tennesson is at home on a horse, and this order was received with 
great rejoicing. This, however, was a slow process, as both armies had occupied 



[Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



-yj.) 



the country and good horses were scarce; but by spring nearly all of the com- 
mand was well mounted. During the winter and spring of 1863-64 the regiment 

was engaged in outpost duty in upper East Tennessee, and met the enemy in 
many skirmishes, in which several good men lost their lives, hut was in no im- 
portant engagements. On the first of May the brigade was ordered to leave its 
horses in Sooth-west Virginia and report to Brig. -gen. W. E. Jones, at Staunton, 
who was sept there to meet Hunter, then advancing up the valley. Gen. Jones 
made a stand at Piedmont, where with four thousand dismounted and badly armed 
cavalry and a few hundred raw Virginia militia he met Hunter and so crippled 
his well-organized army of ten thousand men of all arms that lie never attempted 
to meet the Confederates in another engagement; but it cost the gallant Jones 
and many of his best officers and men their lives. The brigade retreated to Lynch- 
burg, where it was assigned to duty in Gen. J. C. Breckinridge's division, which 
was then at Lynchburg. 

The morning after our arrival at Lynchburg our division had some heavy skir- 
mishing with the enemy four miles from that place. Gen. Early appeared on 
the scene the next morning, and the enemy retreated down the Virginia and Ten- 
nessee railroad. Our army followed them by forced marches to Salem. There 
they turned across the mountain, and our army moved on down the valley, ami 
passed through Staunton on June 23. This was the beginning of Early's celebrated 
raid on "Washington City and subsequent campaign in the Valley of Virginia dur- 
ing the summer and fall of 1SG4, which he has so graphically described in his his- 
tory of his corps during the last year of the war. The limits of this sketch will not per- 
mit me to detail the history of the regiment during this celebrated campaign. Suf- 
fice it to say that the regiment moved with Early's army, and with it advanced on 
Washington Citv, We recrossed the Potomac on two other occasions, to bring out 






We were in the battles at Monoeaey, Winchester, Kernstown, Eishersville, Cedar 
Creek, White Post, Martinsburg, and Darksville. This latter was a cavalry fight, 
in which our brigade was pitted against five times its number; and it is but justice 
to state that if it had not been for the coolness and bravery of Adjt. S. A. Key, 
who was acting as chief of staff, our entire command would have been surrounded 
and captured. On all occasions he proved himself to he a cool-headed, brave, 
efficient officer, and to-day has the highest respect and affection of every survivor 
of the command. I should have heretofore stated that our horses were brought 
to us at Winchester on Early's return from Maryland, and that during the re- 
mainder of his campaign we served as cavalry. We were in many spirited skir- 
mishes besides the regular battles and engagements above mentioned; for Sher- 
idan's cavalry outnumbered Early's three to one, and we were kept constantly 
on duty, and everywhere and on all occasions our regiment sustained its well- 
earned reputation for gallantry and coolness in action. 

The reader will pardon me for digressing here to pay a passing tribute to a 
dear friend and gallant orlb'er. I have said that from the beginning of the valley 
campaign to the close of the war, Gen. Vaughn being in command of a division 
of cavalry, Owl. Gillespie, as senior Colonel, commanded Vaughn's brigade, and 
Capt. J. N. Aiken, as senior Captain, commanded Gillespie's regiment. But this 
is not literally true; for Col. Gillespie was wounded at the battle of White Post, 
and disabled for near two months. During that time Col. Onslow Bean, of the 



526 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Sixteenth Tennessee Battalion, as senior officer, commanded Vaughn's brigade. 
This was during a very active part of the campaign, and Col. Bean proved him- 



self to be an officer of great resources. Brave, prudent, vigilant, he handled his 
little brigade with consummate skill and ability. This gallant officer was killed 
at the head of his battalion at Marion Va., in December, 1864, while resisting an 
overwhelming number of the enemy. 

Returning to the department of East Tennessee, the regiment, with the other 
regiments of the brigade, fell under command of Gen. Breckinridge as depart- 
ment commander. He had, however, a mere skeleton of an army, of which 
Vaughn's mounted infantry was by far the largest part. On the 28th of October 



s 

our brigade met at Morristown a cavalry force of twice our number, under Brig.- 

gen. Gillem, and was driven back in some confusion, with a loss of one hundred 
and sixty-five men killed, wounded, and captured. On the loth of November fal- 
lowing, Gen. Breckinridge attacked the same command at Russellville and stam- 
peded it, capturing eighty wagons, six pieces of artillery with the horses hitched 
to them, and about six hundred men, driving them pell-mell to Newmarket, twen- 
ty miles down the valley. The Federals were all East Tennesseans, and outnum- 
bered our command two to one, but our victory was complete. This was a night 
attack, and was the last serious conflict the regiment was engaged in during the 
war. 

During the rest of 1864 the regiment Avas on outpost duty in upper East Ten- 
nessee. In the early part of March, 1805, Gen. Stuneman moved on our little 
army with an overwhelming force. We fell back into South-west Virginia, and 
had numerous skirmishes with the enemy until the 11th of April, when at Chris- 
tiansburg, Va., we learned that Gen. Lee had surrendered. Most of the brigade 
determined to cross the mountain and join Gen. Johnston's army in North Caro- 
lina. Every man was left to choose his own course, but nine-tenths of Vaughn's 
brigade, and, as now recollected, every man of the Forty-third Regiment, elected 
to cross the mountains and join Johnston. At Charlotte we found President Davis 
and his Cabinet. We followed him as an escort to Washington, Ga., where in May, 
1865, we were paroled, and the next day started back home, with our gallant and 
beloved Colonel as our leader. As now recollected, there were only one hundred 
and twenty-three men rank and file paroled on that sad day. Most of them had 
neither seen nor heard from their families for more than a year. They had crone 
to the war from a section where a large majority of the people were Unionists. 
They were the remnant — or, rather, the survivors — of a command that in 1861 
numbered more than a thousand men; but they had been true to their convictions, 
and since the war every member of the grand old regiment has made a good citi- 
zen. 

This ends my sketch of the Forty-third Tennessee Regiment — a gallant, noble 
body of loyal and true men, who did their whole duty in times that tried men's 
souls. L regret that the total loss of our regiment records makes it impossible to 
give a list of those who were killed or wounded in battle or died in the service; 
but their valiant conduct will ever be remembered bv those who survived them. 



.Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



D^i 



Official] Field and Staff, Forty-third Tennessee Infantry. 

Colonel, James W. Gillespie; Lieutenant-Colonel, David M. Key; Major, Lavrson '" ; 
Surgeon, L. Y. Green; Assistant Surgeon, E. D. Gilbert; Adjutant, S. A. Key; Aseistai t Q . tr- 
termaster, Addison C. Day; Assistant CqittHiissary, T. L. Wallace; Chaplain, A. T. Brook-. 

COMPANY A. 
Captains: John Goodman and John Tonkin. 
Morgan, Samuel, d. Pec. 10, I86l. | Brank, J. J., d. in hospital at Vicksburg, Miss., 

Donner, Aaron, d. March IG, 1862. j June 10, 1863. 

Higdon, E. C, d. April 22, 1862, from a wound j Givens, Alexander, d. in camp nearVickst urg, 
received April 9, 1862. Miss., May 1, 1863. 



Morgan, J. C. C, k. April 9. 1SG2. 
Brown, Elmore, d. Dee. 26, 1861. 



Ketcherside, T. F., 
May 4, 1863. 



d. near Vicksburg, Mis- 



Addison, Thomas, d. at hospital March 0, 1SG2. Conner, Thaddeus, d. at Raymond, Miss. 
Addison, Jesse, wounded May 20 and died May j Query, James, d. at Cleveland, Tenn., Au^. 16. 
27,1803. t\ 1803. 

COMPANY B. 

Captains: A. J. Cawood and William M. Wilson. 
Cawood, Capt. A. J., severely wounded in leg I Keeling, W. E., d. on or about Sept. 1. IS6 S. 
in battle June 22, 18G3, and died from the el'- { Loy, G. W., k. in battle, June 23, 1SG3. 
feet of said wound Aug. 5, 1863. j Treadway, John R., k. in bottle at Vicksburg. 

Boles, William, k. in battle at Vicksburg, June I Dodson, G. W., d. in camp near Yiek.-burg, 

28,1863. I Apfit 17, 1863. 

Hill, William H., d. at Vicksburg, July 10, flolloway, R G., d. April 17, 1S63. 
1863. I Wilson, John A., d. Jan. 10, 18G2. 

Hughes, A. J., k. in battle June 23, 1SG3. 

COMPANY C. 
Captains: A. H. Roberson and William J. Hill. 

Wiley, Thomas, d. Feb. 5, 1S62, in Bledsoe 
county. 



Austin, David, d. Feb. 23, 1863. 
Kensley, J. K. P., d. Feb. 23, 1863. 
Guy, Robert, d. Dec. 12, 1862. 
Morgan, G. W., d. June IS, 18G2. 



Sutherland, William, d. Jan. 20. 186: 



Captains 
"Williams, J. L., d. Feb. 7, 1862. 
Carr, F. M., d. 

Monsey, E. F., d. Nov. 12, 1862. 
Rethwell, W. B., d. Nov. G, 1862. 
Colbaugh, J., d. Aug.. 1863. 



COMPANY D. 
Ambrose W. Hodge and J. R. Binvon. 



| Jones, F. 51., d. at Vicksburg, July 10. ISW. 
McAdoo, R. G., d. at Vicksburg, July l!i. IS63. 
Colbaugh, N., k. in battle May 23, 1863. 
Million, F. N., k. in battle May 24, 1863. 
Price, T. H.. d. May 4, 1863. 
Holland, W. L., d. on the road from Vicksburg j Dockery, W. H., d. Feb. 21, 1863. 

to Enterprise I Eockmiiler, H., d. Feb. 4, 18G3. 

Dennis, P., d. at Vicksburg, July IG, 1863. 

COMPANY E. 

Captains: John W. Phillips and Joseph Huffmaster. 

Helton, Wm., d. at Knoxviile, Jan. 3, 1862 I Webb, Charles, d. at Knoxville, Dec. 23, 1861. 

Metlock, Huston, d. at Rogersville, Jan. 10, ! Smith, Charles, d. at Knoxville, Feb. 1". !«■ 2. 

1862. Gilbert, James, d. Nov. 20, 1862. 

Reagon. William F. : d. at Rogersviile, Dec. 24. 



Captain? 
Ball, William S., d. Jan. 2, 1862. 
Willson, Robert, d. May 23, 1862. 
Cade, T. L.. d. May 11. 1862. 
Cook, S. B., d. Nov. 22, 1862. 
Turner, Copt. Sterling T., k. in battle at Vick 
burg, May 22, 1863. 



COMPANY F. 
E. C. Jones and Sterling T. Turner. 

Fleming, J. R,, d. at Vicksburg, June 27. 1863. 
Ballard, J. M., d. at Vicksburg, June _• 
Barnett, J. N., d. near Yieksburs. Juae 23, 

1863. 
Mathis, Jackson, d, at Vicksburg. Mav F, 
18G3. 



523 Military Annals of Tennessee. 





Goodwin, Thomas J., d. of small-pox at Vicks- 

burg, Jan. 5M», 1863; 
Govs in, William D., d. Feb. it, I8C3, offerer, at 

hospital at Vicksburg, 



Kinraid, Asa G.. d. Jan. IS, 180.",. 
Wilt&on, G. V.. d. at Enterprise, Ky, July 18, 
1863. 

MeCallon, T. B., d. at Vicksburg, Ji;ly s, 1863. 



COMPANY G. 

(Captains: David Neff, C. L. Heosley, and W. H. Wiseman. 
Barton, Jesse, d. March 13, 1883. I Houston, Witt, d. Aug. 29, 1863, from the effect? 

Maxwcj], Robt., d. AprfJ 1, 1862. of a wound received in battle. 

Harrison, Thomas, d. May 12, 1SG2. Patilio, Samuel, d. July 5, 1863, from tne effects 

Cruikshanks, Lieut. J. W., k. iu battle June 22, of a wound received in battle. 

ISo.'). j Strutton, II. F... d. at Vicksburg hospital, Feb. 

Denton, Sergt, A. R., d. June 2'-., from a wound ! U, 1863. 

received iu battle June 22, ISG3. i Day, Samuel, d. at Vicksburg hospital, Jan. 2'i, 

Jainngin, A. M.. k. in battle June 23, 1863. 1863. 

Douglas, R. G-, d. May 7, I$63. ' Moore, E. L., d. in Tennessee, Jan. 20, 1863. 

CO 3 f PA NY H. 
Captain, W. L. Lafferty. 
Vaznell, IT. F, d. at Charleston, Jan. \\ 18G2. j Clark, James, d. June 28, 1SG3. 
Rose, F. M., d. at Charleston, Nov. 18, 1862. On ' Dennis, John, d. June 21, 1863. 

a, subsequent roll it states he died at Cai- ! Leadbetter, John. d. May 23, 1863. 

houn. same date. ! Casteel, B. F., d. at Vicksburg, July 15, 1863. 

Myers, L. W ., d. Jan. 31, lS63,..afc Vicksburg. ! Gibany, John A., d. at Vicksburg July 2 •». 1863. 
Eaton, W. A., d. at Athens, Ga., Jan. 6, 1SG3. j Stafford, John. d. in hospital at Jackson, Miss., 
Dennis, Oreo, d. at Vicksburg, March 24. 1863. i June 25, 1863. 
Melton, William, d. Feb. 26, 1SG3, at Vicks- : Swafford, B. F.. d. at Vicksburg, Miss., July 11, 

burg, j 1863. 

Ballard, J. H., d. June 17, 1SG3. 

"COMPANY I. 

Captain, William II. McKamy 
Crittenden, N. J., d. Feb. 0, 1SG2. : Patterson, N T . W., d. in hospital at Vicksburg. 

Corn, Julius, d. June 28, 1862, at Lick Creek. | Feb. 22, 1863. 

Foster, O. P., d. May 7,1862, at LiekCreek. I Shamblin, John, k. inaction at Vicksburg, May 
Dugan. S. E., d. Oct. SO, 1862. i 23, 1SG3. 

McCarty, Lieut. Benjamin, k. Sept. 14, 1862. I 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, J. N. Aiken. 
Martin, Isaac, d. March 25, IS63. j Barfield, Wheeler, d. Dec. 3, 1SG1 

McCan, John, d. Feb. 14, 1863. | Stewart, Charles, d. Dec. 1, 1861. 

McCan, William, d. Feb. 11, 1S63, at Vicksburg. i Porter, Thomas W., d. at Loudon hospital. 
Adams, J. W., k. iu battle at Vicksburg, June j March 27. 1662. 

7, 1*G3, I Norman, W. J., d. at Knoxville, March 4, 1SG2 

Cruise, G. W., d. at Vicksburg, June 24, 1SG3. j Neal, J. K, d. at Loudon hospital, March 2S, 
Ruth, W. J., d. at Vicksburg, May 20, LS6& j 1862. 

Aiken, Thomas, d. at Vicksburg, July 1, 1863. j Standifer, Leroy, k. in battle at Chattanooga, 
Green, R. A., d. at home, Aug. 5, ISG3. j June 8, 1862. 

Maxwell, II. L., d. at Vicksburg, July 1, 1863. ' 



FORTY-FOURTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

Bv Dr. D. J. Ngslitt, Lincoln County, Tenn. 

In the fall of 1SG1 Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston was assigned the department 
of Tennessee; finding his lines poorly prepared lor defensive or aggressive war, 
and to remedy this deficiency, he called on the Governors of the neighboring States 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



529 



for troops. Under this call many regiments were organized — the Forty-fourth one 
of that number, being from the counties of Bedford, Franklin, Grundy, Coffee, 
and Lincoln. Their regimental organization was completed at Gimp Trousdale 
on the 9th of December, 1S61, as follows: C. A. MeDaniel, of Lincoln county, 
Colonel; Henry Sheid, of Coffee, Lieutenant-colonel; Matt Johnston, of Bedford, 
Major; Dr. John Gannaway, Surgeon; Dr. D. J. Noblitt, Assistant Surgeon; Hugh 
Edins, Quartermaster; Polk Green, Commissary. For a few days the regiment 
remained in camp drilling, and was then ordered to Bowling Green, Ky., and as- 
signed to Col. S. A. M. Wood's brigade, Hardee's division. Early in February it 
was obvious to the most casual observer that Gen. Johnston would be compelled to 
double his forces or shorten his lines — Thomas flanking on the rijjht by meeting 
and defeating Gen.*Zollicotfor at or near Mill Springs, Ky. In that engagement 
Zollicofier fell mortally wounded, and into the hands of the enemy, who are said 
to have treated his remains with great indignity. His fall demoralized his com- 
mand. Gen. Zollicoffer was one of the most brilliant men of the State — his learn- 
ing and gallantry enrolled him in the affections of his countrymen as a military hero. 
Gen. Grant was moving with superior forces on our lines at Forts Henry and 
Donelson. 

On or by the first of February it had been discovered by Gen. Johnston that 
Gen. Buell, in our front, was moving his troops in the direction of Donelson, in 
support of Grant. To checkmate this he sent Gens. Floyd and Buckner's com- 
mand to Gen. Pillow's support. In the meantime Fort Henry was captured by 
the enemy. A concentration upon Donelson was now evident — our lines being 
broken on both thinks. On the 11th of February the remainder of the army re- 
ceived orders to make the necessary preparations for the evacuation of Bowling 
Green by sending the sick South and issuing rations for a march. The march was 
continued from day to day until we arrived at Nashville. Snow was encountered 
at Franklin, Ky. Notwithstanding snow and cold weather, the line of march was 
taken up in the morning, and getting several miles into the State of Tennessee 
another order was issued to cook rations. Accompanying this order was the an- 
nouncement that the Confederates had repulsed the Federals with great loss at 
Donelson. The march was continued, and occasionally we heard the firing of 
cannon said to be at Donelson. On the road-side, in many places, and at houses 
were to be seen anxious and distressed women who had sons, brothers, or husbands- 
in that stirring conflict. Late in the evening, near Goodlettsville, the army was 
thrown into line of battle with the assurance of an instant attack. It was a false 
alarm — no enemy appearing. 

Sunday morning (16th) moved early in consequence of ttie favorable reports on 
the day before; was in splendid spirits until met by a courier with the intelligence 
of the fall of Donelson. He had dispatches from Gen. Johnston to Gen. Breck- 
inridge informing him of the disaster, and urging him to push on with his 
column. 

On entering Edgefield sorrow and despair were unmistakably written on everv 
face. There was great difficulty experienced in crossing the bridge into Nashville, 
only a limited number crossing at a time, necessarily making it slow. This jrave 
rise to every sort of rumor that would arouse anxiety and fear. This precaution 
was necessary to prevent a general rush on the suspension bridge of panic-stricken 
soldiers, who would, if left at will, have crowded upon it in sufficient numbers to 
34 



530 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



have forced this fine structure from its giant pillars with great disaster to the re- 
treating army. 

The arrival of the army seemed to demoralize the already panic-stricken city. 
The officials — State and city— were wild; some were speaking, some crying, some 
cursing, some praying, while others were running to and fro, scarcely knowing 
what to do. The hospitals were deserted by all that could get away; the sick, 
lame, and halt were seen on everv southern outlet from the citv, and for many miles 
south of Nashville the barns and outhouses were the recipients of sick, wounded, 
and tired soldiers. 

Arriving in the city late at night no halt was made, but we marched out on the 
Murfreesboro pike in the Mill Creek neighborhood. Kain commenced, and our 
camp became untenable. Orders were issued to repair to a better camp and cook 
eight days rations. The latter order was severely criticised by the men, and they 
threatened to mutiny if not allowed to meet the enemy; but this spirit was over- 
come by speeches from Getis. Pillow, Flovd, and Hardee. 

The next morning the retreat was resumed for Murfreesboro; but early that 
day rumor said Beauregard had taken Cairo and Paducah, and Jos. E. Johnston 
"Washington, and that we would fall back to Murfreesboro, and possibly to 
Decatur, Ala.; that Beauregard would ascend the Cumberland, J. E. Johnston 
would make his way through Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Kentucky in support of 
Beauregard, and Albert Sidney Johnston would attack Grant, Buell, and Thomas 
in detail; with these armies in their rear the Federal armies would be defeated 
and captured, closing out the war in six months. Around camp-tires at night this 
was discussed with great earnestness, and claimed a master-stroke of military 
strategy. 

For a few days the army camped at Murfreesboro, resting, reorganizing, gather- 
ing up the sick, and these escaping capture at Donelson, and all the recruits that 
could be induced to volunteer. The Forty-fourth, with Wood's brigade, was as- 
signed to Pillow's division, Hardee's corps. The retreat was continued south by 
way of Shelbyville and Fayetteville, Tenn., via Decatur. An order was received 
from the seat of government suspending Pillow. The command was temporarily 
assumed by Gen. Hindman, of Arkansas. We continued the march and arrived 
at Corinth, Miss., on March "20, 18£2 — the point selected by Gen. A. S. Johnston 
for concentrating his army. He determined to engage the enemy that he might 
defeat him in detail, as it had been learned that Grant was being reenforeed by 
Haileck from St. Louis, and Buell was making forced marches through Middle 
Tennessee to join Grant at Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee Ptiv^r. 

On the o*l of April a general order was issued, directing the troops to prepare 
five days rations and forty rounds of cartridges, in the evening the regiment 
left camp, marching until midnight in the direction of the river. Early next 
morning the march was resumed, ami continued until late in the evening, taking 
position in line of battle about one mile north-east of the Mickey house. We 
had scarcely arrived in position when the rapid discharge of small arms, and two 
or three allots from a field piece, was heard but a few hundred yards in advance. 
The regiment stood for half an hour or more in a drenching rain, expecting an 
order to advance, but was somewhat relieved by seeing a Federal Lieutenant- 
colonel and fifty of his men marched to the rear as prisoners, captured by Col. 
Clanton's cavalry, of Alabama, and the Twenty-third Tennessee Regiment of in- 



Kegimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 531 



fantry. At night the regiment was ordered to sleep on their arms. Next morn- 
ing at day -break the regiment was aroused for duty, every moment expecting an 
attack. During the day we were advanced about one-fourth of a mile, and kept 
in line all day. The dense undergrowth and well-guarded lines concealed our 
proximity from the enemy, until they were attacked by Hardcastle's battalion on 
Sunday morning, the regiment promptly following them into the Federal en- 
campment, a short distance east of Shiloh Church, surprising and capturing them 
while cooking breakfast. They made a stubborn resistance for awhile, yet the 
Confederate line pressed upon them, driving them back with heavy loss on both 
sides. The entire Confederate front was engaged early in the day, driving the Fed- 
erals toward the river. Between eleven and twelve o'clock the enemy made such 
stubborn resistance that the reserves under Gen. Breckinridge were ordered in, 
when the enemy were again driven back. An advance along the entire Confed- 
erate line was ordered. About three o'clock in the afternoon an Arkansas regi- 
ment was thrown into confusion. Gen. Johnston, observing the disorder, sprung 
to their colors, held them aloft, and said, "Forward, my men!" They rallied to 
the charge, with heavy loss of men, and Gen. Johnston mortally wounded. The 
fall of this noble man stopped the farther advance of the Confederates, and many 
believe atieeted the result of the war. Gen. Beauregard, assuming command, be- 
ing next in rank, changed the order of battle by using shot and shell in place 
of small arms. The result was not as he hoped. The demoralized Federals, in 
place of surrendering, rallied at the hesitancy of the Confederates and the pros- 
pect of reinforcements from Gen. Bueil on the north side of the river. 

Late in the evening Gen. Lew. Wallace's division was thrown into line of bat- 
tle, having crossed the river. Early on the morning of the 7th they attacked the 
Confederates with great determination, driving them -at every point. The Con- 
federates fell back on the "Mickey house and formed. The Federals appeared to 
be satisfied in regaining the lost ground of the day before, and left the Confeder- 
ates to fall back at will to Corinth. The Forty-fourth went into battle with four 
hundred and seventy men in line. On Tuesday morning, at roll-call, one hun- 
dred and twenty answered to their names. It did as gallant service as any com- 
mand on that held. 

The Mickey house had been selected by Dr. Cross as hospital head-quarters for 
our brigade. By his order tents had been erected for the comfort and protection 
of the wounded in the yard. After examining wounds and temporarily dressing 
them on the field, Dr. Noblitt, aided by Dr. Chandler, had succeeded on Monday 
morning in transferring their wounded from the field to the Mickey house, and 
as comfortably quartered as could be expected with the surroundings. Rain fell 
Sunday night. About two o'clock p.m. Monday there was a ruinous stampede 
among the wagon and ambulance men, and was not fully quieted until ni^ht. It 
happened that a man came riding at full speed among the trains, crying, ''Take 
eare of yourselves! The Yankee cavalry has broken our lines, and will he on you 
in a minute.' 1 ' Many of the drivers took one horseora mule, and made all possi- 
ble speed to Corinth. Others drove to the Mickey house and unloaded the 
wounded on the ground, without tent or fly. The ground was covered with the 
wounded, the dead, and the dyin'_ r . After dark the rain fell in torrents upon hun- 
dreds of the poor fellows. Their agonizing cries, moans, and prayers for help and 
water were audible above the dashing rain and rolling thunder. But in the lor.<r 



532 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

night-watch the rain cease<l, the thunder hushed, and so had the cries of the suf- 
fering in the stillness of death. Morning came, and with it a melancholy sight — 
a sleeping camp. Men lay in esery possible posture, with eyes closed as if in 
sleep on crimson beds. The rain had washed the blood from their clothes and 
blankets, making the earth red. 

Drs. Cross, Lawrence, and Noblitt worked all night attending the different calls 
i and operating. Neither of them had slept for more than forty-eight hours. Late 

Monday evening it was understood that the hospitals and wounded would be sur- 
rendered oii Tuesday morning. Dr. Noblitt succeeded in securing wagons to carry 
sixty-five wounded and one dead (Lieut. Patterson) to Corinth. 

The following is a list of the killed: Bedford county Co. — R. J. George, J. C. 
Bate*, T. S. Rhoten. D. C. Frizzell; Lincoln county Co.— W. B. Marler, J. T. 
Spencer, jr., W. M. Spen-er, W. II. Whitworth, S. A. Mitchell, A. M. Collin's, 
Lieut. L. M. Patterson, L. C. Hardin, J. F. Hathcock; Coffee county Co. — W. M. 
McCullough, W. H. Pulley, Allen Bynum. Badly wounded: W. A. Bates, W. S. 
Moore, died at the hospital; J. A. Pampiyer, B. E. Spencer, James Hampton, G. 

A. McKinney, died at Corinth; Lieut. N. P. Norton, Joe Tillman, died at Holly 
Springs; J. F. Ferriss. died in camp at Corinth; A. J. Lamberton. shot through 
the right lung, and fought for an hour or more, until he fainted, and was after- 
ward killed at Chickamauga; James Yates, W. C. Jennings, A. J. Radacine, Jas- 
per "Williams (died); Col. McDaniel was severely wounded on Sunday, but con- 
tinued with his men in both days engagements; W. A. Loyd, J. W. George, J. F. 
Russell, E. B. Norvell, J. F. Rhoten, F. O. Shriver, H. Mauley, R. F. Smith 
(died), T. J. Kimes (died), Y. J. Smith, E. M. Crouch, K. Call, Lieut. J. C. Haley, 
James Coats (died), T. C. Taylor, D. Q. George, J. H. Call. Slightly wounded: 
H. H. Colter, D. H. Call, M. C. Esliek, S. H. Kimes, J. D. Stone, A. M. Spencer, 

B. E. Spencer — the two latter were on a visit to the regiment, and secured guns, 
fighting gallantly, B. E. Spencer losing an arm; J. II. Oglevie, H. H. Hampton, 
J. W. Hampton, W. J. Harris (afterward drowned), 31. M. Storey, J. W. Gill, 
Jas. N. Sawyers, R. Bailey, T. J. Loveless, A. Tucker, M. Jarrett, R. C. Robert- 
son, Win. Brown, Jas. Earles, B. F. Cass, Harvey McGuire, C. MeCree, R. B. 
Eakin, J. B. Majors, M. J. Smith, D. H. McKinney, Lieut. Goodloe, Lieut. Brat- 
ton, H. C. Bass, W. M. Wood, R. S. Adcock, Capt. Brannon, W. C. Radacine, R. 
L. McGehee, Lieut. J. A. Dollins, W. F. McDaniel. Over one-fifth of the num- 
ber engaged received wounds or were killed. 

The battle of Shiloh was disastrous to the Tennessee troops. It was necessarv 
to reorganize all the Tennessee commands. Cut off from the State, nothing in 
the line of recruiting could be done. In pursuance of that fact, the Fifty-fifth 
Tennessee Regiment, having been organized in November previous, from the 
counties of Davidson, Williamson, Smith, Bedford, and Lincoln, by the election 

of McCoen, of Williamson county, as Colonel; Wiley M. Reed, of Nashville, 

Lieutenant-colonel; Jones, of Smith county, Major; Dr. Dugan, of Bedford 

county, Surgeon; and Dr. Waller, of Rutherford county, Assistant Surgeon. The 
casualties of this regiment were so heavy that it had not the minimum numbers to 
preserve its organization, and it was therefore consolidated with the Forty-fourth, 
taking its number. Among its killed at Shiloh were James May and Napoleon B. 
Hyde, of Nashville, two as gallant young men as ever shouldered a musket. E. D. 
Kichards was also badly wounded. Col. McCoen was placed on the superannuated 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



533 






list, and Col. Reed on the supernumerary, acting for awhile as Provost Marshal, 
and afterward assigned to doty on Gen. Forrest's staff. He fell mortally wounded 
in a gallant charge on Fort Pillow, on December 31st, 1862. Col. Keed was one 
of the bravest of men, and a Christian He was pastor of the First Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church, of Nashville, and left the pulpit for the army. Col. 
Mc Daniel, whose health was wretched, was advised by his medical staff to resign, 
but refused until after the battle of Shiloh. Lieut.-col. Sheid was placed on the 
supernumerary list. Map Johnson was discharged on account of paralysis. 

Gen. Hardee appointed Col. Kelly, of Arkansas, to the command, who served a 
short time, and Was succeeded by the election of John A. Fulton, of Lincoln 
county, as Colonel; John L. McEwen, of Williamson county, Lieutenant-colonel; 
William Ewing, of Davidson county, Major; R. G. Cross, of Nashville, Adjutant. 
Drs. John Gannaway and D. J. Noblitt were continued on the medical staff, as- 
sisted by Drs. Davis, Osborne, and Templeton. 

J. W. Franklin died in camp on the 27th. 

On the 29th of April the army retreated from Corinth to Tupelo. Joshua 
Phillips, of Smith county, was discharged on account of wounds received. 

On June 30, 1S62, Gen. Beauregard was relieved, and Gen. Braxton Bragg was 
assigned to the command. On the 10th of July an accident befell three men of 
Co. A by the discharge of a gun, wounding J. B. Khoten, A. E. Ray, and N. T. 
Bowden — the latter dying. 

On July 20 Mr. Harper, of Co. B (Wilson county), and Mr. Cooper, of Co. I 
(Smith county), died of typhoid fever. 

On July 25th J. I). Johnston, of Capt. Jackson's company (formerly Wiley M. 
Reed's), died of sunstroke. 

On the 27th of July the command was transferred to Chattanooga. None but 
those that have been soldiers can appreciate the joy with which the soldiers'' 
minds were filled at the prospect of driving the enemy from and regaining their 
homes. Many had not seen or heard any thing from their friends or families for 
more than six months. While en route a collision occurred near West Point, fa- 
tally wounding M. L. Smith, of Co. F. We arrived at Chickamauga Station 
August 30th. 

At Chattanooga Gen. Buckner was placed in command of our division. Dr. 
Noblitt was offered promotion, but declined it, preferring to remain with his regi- 
ment. 

On the 28th of August we broke up camp near Chattanooga, and moved north- 
west, across Walden's Ridge, then up the Sequatchie Valley to Dunlap, theme 
across the mountain by Spencer and Sparta to Glasgow, Ky. The command ar- 
rived at Glasgow on September 13, rested two days, and left on the Cave City road. 
The writer remained with the sick. After properly attending to them we over- 
took the command near Woodsonville, where Gen. Chalmers committed his great 
blunder. 

On the 16th Gen. Bragg environed the town and fortifications of Munfords- 
ville with his army, and demanded its surrender unconditionally. Col. Wilder at 
first refused. Late in the afternoon he asked for an armistice, and at midnight 
the terms of surrender were settled. At six o'clock the next morning the enemy- 
laid down their arms — about five thousand. Left Munfordsville on the 20th for 
Bardstown, passing through Hodgensville and New Flaven. 



53-i Military Annals of Tennessee. 



We left Bardstown for Perryviile, and halted here on the 7th of October, tak- 
ing position in line of battle on the hills north of the town. Our Dear s k i r mis h ed 

all day with the Federal advance. Late in the evening some close fighting oc- 
curred, and a lew prisoners were captured. On the morning of the 8th the Fed- 
erals advanced cautiously in column; skirmishing with their cavalry and Confed- 
erate pickets up to 12 o'clock. Between that and 2 o'clock an artillery dud was 
fought by Darden's Confederate and a Federal battery. Tins lasted some two 
hours, when the Confederates were ordered to deploy by regiments to the attack, 
which command was executed in splendid order and fearful effect upon the Fed- 
erals. Federal officers have often remarked to the writer that the deploying of 
the Confederate regiments was the grandest military display they ever beheld. 
There has never been an army of better discipline and spirit than Gen. Bragg 
had in that campaign; and for the time it lasted and numbers engaged there has 
never been a fiercer engagement than the battle of Perryviile. The losses were 
heavy on both sides. The Federal loss was fully twice that of the Confederate. 
The Confederate loss was in all not above twenty-five hundred. The Federal sur- 
geons often remarked to the writer that their loss was between five and seven thou- 
sand. The Confederate forces engaged were Cheatham's and Buekner's divisions 
and Anderson's brigade, of Stewart's division. Cheatham's division sustained the 
heaviest loss — Donelson's, Maney's, and Stewart's brigades — all Tennesseans except 
two regiment-, Forty-fifth Georgia and Ninth Texas. Cheatham fought on our 
right, Buckner in the center, and Anderson on the left. The Chaplin hills were made 
red with Tennes-ee blood. The Forty-fourth Regiment had forty-two killed and 
wounded, thirteen being killed upon the field in front of the burning barn (Bot- 
tom's barn). It was quite a victory to the Confederates. They slept upon their 
arms on the field, and retreated early next morning. The writer remained at the 
Prewitt house with the wounded that were not able to be moved. About 4 o'clock 
on the 9th the Federal advance came to the hospital. Their treatment was uni- 
formly kind. Captain Harrison, a grandson of President Harrison, was generous, 
brave, kind, noble, and honorable, doing all he could to alleviate the suffering of 
the unfortunate. There were ten Federals and nine Confederates in this house, 
all badly wounded, not one being able to hand water to the other. None but the 
Surgeon was left in charge to wait on them. He reported the condition to Gens. 
Steadman and Thomas, who visited the hospital. Gen. Steadman soon had ail 
that was necessary for comfort and assistance. Harrison called at the hospital 
each day while at Perryviile, to make prison life as pleasant as possible. 

The killed and wounded are as follows. Co. B — Killed: Corp. M. M. Hague; 
wounded: privates J. F. Floyd, Ben Alar-hall. Co. C — Wounded: G. Butler, J. 
C. Cowen (severely). Co. D — Killed: private Win. Mays; wounded: \V. B. Nor- 
ton — arm amputated, and lie retreated with the army to Knoxville rather than 
remain a prisoner; W. M. Griffin, wounded in the shoulder-Joint — the operation 
of resection saved his arm and life. Co. F — Killed: Privates W. T. Parris, J. 
M. Ruse, W. W. Eaks, F. M. James, Thos. McCall; wounded: F. K. Shannon, 
S. M. Williams. Co. F— Killed: Capt Joel J. Jones, Lieut. S. W. Burdwell, 
privates W. A. Hammans (or Hammond), A. K. Ray; mortally wounded: T. J. 
O'Neal, G. S. Marcom, W. D. Gill, J. D. Ha-ri*; severely wounded: G. W. Da- 
vis, W. M. Brady; slightly wounded: G. W. Summers, B. Y. Holland, F. M. 
Barnes, James M. Goodwin, W. H. Gibbs, D. H. MeKinnev. Co. G— • Killed: N. 



REGIMENTAL HlSTOHIES AND MEMORIAL RoiXo. 



I 



J. Dozier, W. M. King, A. M. Lovelass. (A). II — Mortally wounded: A. Kirk- 
patrick; severely: J. K. Tooly, L. D. Higgersen; T. K. Price and Dan Duncan 
both lo.->t a ieg, and have both been elected to olfice in Cofice county since the 
war. Cu. I — Severely wounded: G.Hill. 

E and F, being color companies, were heavy losers. The striking down or loss 
of the colore caused contusion and demoralization, consequently both armies made 
their best edorts at the colors. After the tall of Cap t. Jones and Lieut. Burdweii, 
the command, of the two companies fell upon Lieut. John Y. Gill, of Co. E. lie 
commanded them with such success and gallantry that Col. Fulton and Gen. B. 
-U. Johnson publicly complimented him for gallantry and the skillful maneuver- 
ing of his men on the field of battle. 

Cant. Joel J. Jones was a model Tennessean — a man that any State or eoumrv 
might feel proud to honor. At the time of his death he was a member of the 
Tennessee Legislature, representing the counties of Franklin, Lincoln, and Mar- 
shall in the Senate. Four days after the bloody conflict Elder Mareum died of 
wot.nus through the right arm and abdomen. He was a member of Capt. Jones's 
company {¥). Eider Mareum was a pious Christian, a member of the Primitive 
Bapti&i Church. 

XjUe retreat from Ferryville was one of fearful suffering. Lieut. Kelsoe was de- 
tailed to the command of tiie barefooted iiien of the brigade (two hundred and 
twoj, and sent out us wagon-guard. We were ordered to draw ten days ration? 
and march to ivnuxville by way of Cumberland. Gap. We failed to draw the ten 
days radons, as we did not overtake any provision-wagons and those we guarded 
were loaded with ordnance. For ten days we had nothing to eat save what we 
could iind on ihe mareit. As that was through a mountainous and sparsely settled 
country, and it hau been ravaged by both armies before our retreat, the few p& - 
pie thai lived on the line had left. The armies preceding us hail in a left them a 
living. We were seven days without bread, much of that time without meat also. 
Our iood was a lew grains of parched corn and water. 

On Thursday evening, September 19, 18G3, near Ringgold, Ga., the Forty-fourtn 
Regiment, with the remainder of Johnston's brigade, engaged the Federal cavalry. 
Early Friday morning we encountered them again, driving them all day. The 
next day at ten o'clock we engaged their infantry, which was stubbornly resisted. 
Capt. llogan, of Co. F, fell mortally wounded early in the day. The engagement 
was close and hard all day. We camped in line on the field. Early Sunday 
morning we were ordered to charge the enemy, which was executed with ternUe 
erieet, driving the enemy one mile and a halt with great slaughter before they 
were able to make a Stand. The rest oi the day was consumed on that iine in 
taking and retaking a battery, it was taken three times. Just at night Capt. 
Terry, of the Seventeenth Regiment, ordered a detail of men mid moved one of 
the guns with the charging line, which was executed to the letter with glorious 
results, routing the enemy and capturing all their dead and wounded. The killed 
of Co. F were Win. Bearden, John Merrill, Sergt. Alonzo Gill: wounded: Call 
Story, "Will Glbbs, and Bob Bearden. 

We remained a few weeks on Missionary Ridge before we were assigned to 
Longstreet's corps. Were with him at the siege of Knoxville and the battle of 
Bean's Station all of which was amid much suiTerin^: from cold and the hardships 



536 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



incidental to a winter campaign, until we went into winter-quarters at Morristown, 

East Tennessee. 

The last of April or first of May, 1864, we broke up winter-quarters, and moved 
to Richmond, Va., getting there at midnight May G. Were immediately ordered 
to Walthall's Junction, where we had a skirmish next morning, which was almost 
daily from there to Petersburg, with but little damage to us until the 2d of April, 
1865, when the Federals broke our lines, capturing half of our brigade, including 
myself, John Carpenter, John Woodard, Frank Clark, John Pool, Jack Mitchell, 
and John Keith. The two last named, with many others, died in prison at Port 
Delaware. We arm ed at the latter place on the _th of April, 1SG5, and remained 
there until the 8th of May. Were paroled; got home on the 13th, worn out, poor 
in this world's goods, but proud of home, country, and family; and that is all I 
can now boast of— love of home, eountrv, and family. 

j A Sketch of the Life of Col. John S. Fulton. 

From Notes of Sergt. G. W. D. Porter, of Company B. 

John S. Fulton was born at Fayetteville, Lincoln county, Tenn., on the 31st 
of March, 1S2S. He was the son of James Fulton, Esq., eminent in his profes- 
sion, of high rank as a citizen, and of great personal popularity. The subject of 
this sketch was one of five brothers, all of whom took eminent position as well as 
responsibility in the late war between the States. Alfred was Colonel of the 
Eighth Tennessee ('Confederate) the first twelve months of the war, and was dis- 
tinguished for gallantry and ability to command. Ilobert was in Company C, of 
the Forty-first Tennessee. Charles was in Freeman's Battery. James was Pay 
Director in the United States Navy, receiving the appointment from civil life be- 
fore the war. 

Col. John S. adopted the profession of law, studied under his father, began the 
practice in early life, and continued, with success, until December, 18G1. He vol- 
unteered and joined Capt. Dump Smith's Company F, of the Forty-fourth Reg- 
iment of Tennessee Volunteer Infantry, at Bowling Green, Ky. As a private he 
was faithful and prompt in the performance of duty, careful to observe all the 
nice courtesies of the private soldier to superiors in authority, much his inferiors in 
education and qualifications for official responsibility; cheerfully sharing the pri- 
vations and hardships incidental to soldier life, with fidelity to duty and respect 
to authority and discipline as much as the humblest man in ranks, caused him to 
be loved by comrades and respected by officers. 

Fulton's first service was upon the sanguinary field of Shiloh, as a volunteer 
sharp-shooter. It was here opportunity brought into play his great mental pow- 
ers to command or lead men where there was danger, and hold them steady in 
great emergencies. Many times on that hotly contested field, when his comrades 
were shattered and driven back, it was Fulton who rallied and led them to charge 
again. In fact, his gallant bearing on that bloody field may be considered the lie- 
ginning of his brilliant career; for it was observed by both men and officers, and 
of frequent remark, that he was the coming man of the regiment. 

Soon after the retreat to Corinth the army was reorganized, and Fulton elected 
Captain of a consolidated company, but was soon made Colonel by demand of the 
regiment. He won his first laurels as Colonel at the battle of Perryville, Ky., 
leading his regiment in the charge across the field and meadow, near the burning 



Kegimextal Histories and Memorial Rolls. 537 

barn. The line of his charge was well marked for weeks after the battle by blood 
of the dead and wounded, and the graves of the dead, buried where they fell. 
In that charge we turned the Federal right, doubling their lines upon themselves 
in such a way that Cheatham, with his position on their left, caused the Federals 
to lose half the men they had engaged. The Federal lines thus thrown between 
Cheatham's and Buckner's commands, they were crushed before they- could es- 
cape. Considering the time and numbers engaged, it was certainly the most fear- 
ful loss of life and limb of any battle in the late war; at least it was thought to be 
by all who were engaged in this department. 

At Murfreesboro, on December 31st, Fulton led his regiment with such vigor 
and gallantry that no Federal force could withstand its terrible, death-dealing 
blows. Early in the action he received a severe wound in the left hand, render- 
ing him unable to manage his horse. Dismounting, lie put his horse in charge 
of a groom, ordering that he be taken to the rear; but he became unmanageable, 
made his escape from the groom, and ran into the Federal lines, where he was 
captured and remounted. In a few hours he came back with, terrible speed, rider- 
less but superbly caparisoned; dashed up to the regiment, and finding the Colonel, 
stopped and stood trembling a> though he was frightened almost to death. The 
Colonel rode him the remainder of the day. 

Soon after the Colonel's horse made his escape to the enemy the Confederates 
in their advance came upon a line of infantry strongly posted behind a rail-fence, 
and they were playing upon the Forty-fourth with fearful effect at long range. 
It was evident to a man of Fulton's sagacity that he must retreat or dislodge 
them. To retreat endangered the whole Confederate line. To leave the little 
skirt of timber they were in left them with no protection, and there was an open 
space of one hundred and fifty yards or more which must be passed to reach the 
enemy, and could not be passed without great loss of life. But something must be 
done, and Fulton was not the man to hesitate wdien he decided on his line of 
duty\ The order to advance was given, and as soon as the Confederates passed 
from the timber the Federals opened a terrific fire upon them, with fearful effect. 
He pushed his column on until within fifty yards of the enemy, but their fire was 
so terrible and fatal that his line wavered. At this crisis the gallant Fulton 
rushed between the wavering lines, brandished his flashing sword in fiery circles 
above his head, and shouted in inspiring tones, " Forward, my men, forward ! " This 
evoked the familiar rebel yell of "On to victory or death !' ; and with a rush they 
fell upon the enemy's lines, driving them in confusion and dismay. 

He commanded the regiment at Dug Hollow and Hoover's Gap, where he dis- 
played great skill and gallantry in holding Rosecrans's advance in check, and 
protecting the rear and right flank of Gen. Bragg's army. On the loth of Sept.. 
1863, he was placed at the head of Johnson's old brigade, as well as the Forty- 
fourth (Johnson being raised to a division command), which he held, faithfully 
discharging his responsible duties until his lamented death. 

On the 18th of September he defeated and drove the enemy from Ringgold, 
Ga., and on the 19th and 20th at Chickamauga he won for himself and command 
imperishable and unfading laurels. On the extreme left and front of the Con- 
federate lines was an eminence — almost a hill — an open vale intervening between 
the opposing lines. On Saturday night the Federals made this elevation doubly 
6trong by breastworks erected out of logs and rails. Behind lay two lines of bat- 



533 aLilitaky Annals of Tennessee. 



tie, and at regular intervals along its brow some twenty or thirty brass field piee< s 
were in position, their frowning front seeming almost impregnable. Brigade after 

brigade had assailed these work-', only to he driven back dismembered and bleed- 
ing. Late in the day on Sunday, the '20th, Fulton moved by left flank to the left 
of Gregg's brigade, and formed his right on Gregg's left. Thus formed, his com- 
mand covered the entire Federal flank and front except the right slope, which was 
covered by two or three companies of the Forty-first Tennessee, of Gregg's bri- 
gade. Thus in position, the order was given to forward. The brigade crossed the 
ravine, emerging in the open field at a double-quick, through a perfect storm of shell 
and canister, while scores of brave men went down at every step. The towering 
form of Fulton in the front, urging his brave men to follow, was observed by the 
entire line. On they rushed like a tornado, dislodging and sweeping the Federals 
from their guns with bayonets and clubbed muskets, defeating and demoralizing 
the Federal right. 

Fulton and his command were with Gen. Longstreet, in East Tennessee; sup- 
ported MeLaws in the attack upon Fort Sanders; a few days later he arid Gra- 
de's brigade of Alabamians met Gen. Shackelford at Bean's Station — ten thou- 
sand strong — defeated and drove them back to Knoxville. In December, while 
in winter-quarters between Morristown and Dandridge, all the general officers be- 
ing absent, the Federals made a sally upon the Confederate camps. Fulton, be- 
ing the highest officer in command at camps, saw the perilous situation, and was 
equal to the occasion. He at once threw his troops in position for defense, and 
engaged the enemy fiercely for forty minutes with such destruction that they were 
demoralized; and he drove them pell-mell to Dandridge, through the town, and 
across the French Broad, before they felt safe. The next engagement was at ( ar- 
tersville, on the Autauga River. From thence he was sent to Virginia, and en- 
gaged in the defenses at Drury's Bluff, Petersburg, and Walthall's Junction. On 
the 9th of May, 1SG4, lie repulsed an attack from a fleet of gun-boats at Fort 
Clifton. He was daily engaging the enemy between Drury's Bluff and Peters- 
burg, and ever present directing the defense and encouraging his men to deeds of 
valor. On the 16th of May he led his command in the charge upon the Federal 
works at Drury's Bluffj taking the works and driving the enemy at great sacrifice. 
It was in this charge that the brave and gallant John L. McEwen, Lieutenant- 
colonel of the Forty-fourth, fell mortally wounded. Maj. MeCarver of the same 
regiment was killed; also Col. Matt Floyd, of the Seventeenth. Three braver 
and better men never fell upon any field. On June 16th, Fulton's, Grade's, and 
Wise's commands, and a few militia, met and defeated Butler in front of Peters- 
burg, at the head of six Federal army corps — two of the James Jtiver army, and 
four of the Potomac, commanded as follows: Gilmore's, Tenth Corps; Smith's, 
Eighteenth Corps; Hancock's, Second Corps; Warren's, Fifth Corps; Wright's, 
Sixth Corps: Burnside's, Ninth Corps. Fulton's command captured almost all 
of Wilcox's command, six stands of colors, seven hundred prisoners and their 
arms. For the details of this battle see the October number of Annul* of Tennes- 
see, by Dr. Drake. The disaster the following day — the 17th— was not attrib- 
utable to Fulton, but the result of weakness, not having men enOugh to close the 
gap; for he anticipated the move of the enemy, and called on Johnston for men, 
which he could not furnish. To avoid the disaster and conceal his weakne-s, 
Fulton then proposed a sortie upon the enemy on the night of the 16th, believ- 



• \ 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 539 



in<r they could be dislodged; but Gen. Johnston would not allow it, fearing the 
enemy would discover it and take advantage of the weakened lines. The order 
had been given to Lieut. Kelsoe to execute, but Gen. Johnston countermanded it. 
It was a tierce conflict from day to day tip to the 30th. On that day, after several 
hours hard fighting, the command was ordered in rear to have a few hours of 
much needed rest. Here, while sitting beneath the shade of a tree, Col. Fulton 
received a mortal wound. The vindictive shell was seen to burst high in the air 
above. A fragment came whistling directly to where he sat. He saw it, and. tal- 
ly realizing his danger, rose to avoid it, but was too late to escape. It struck his 
iiead above the eye, breaking his skull, and striking him down to rise no more. 
He lingered a few days in excruciating pain. Although unconscious, the cout< r- 
tions- of muscles and body, and troubled groans, were evidence of the pain. Thus 
he lingered until the 4th of July, 1864 — his great soul celebrating our national 
Sabbath by abandoning that once perfect and manly body, now maimed and 
wounded, for one of higher order and better service. Uncle Joe, his faithful col- 
ored man, was with him to the last, doing all that love and fidelity could dictate. 



Official] Forty-fourth Tennessee Infantry. 

Colonel, JohnS. Fulton: Lieutenant-colonel, John L. MeEwen; Major. G. 3f. Crawford; Ad- 
jutant, R.G.Cross; Surgeon, John D. Jackson; Assistant Quartermaster, John H. Humor; 
Commissary, William Mc.Da.niel; Chaplain, Dr. F. S. Petway. 

Fulton, Col. John S., d. from the effects of wounds, July 4. 1864. 
MeEwen. Lieut. -eoi. John L. d. from the effects of wounds, May 27, 1864. 
Crawford, Maj. G. M., d. from the effects of wounds, June 23, 1864. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, Thomas W. Tarpsley. 
Shelton. Erwin E., k. at Chickamauga. I Roberson, Garrett A., d. April 2. J $63. 

Harbin, George W., k. at Bean's Station. j Damron. John, d. March 31, 1863. 

Leonard, John, k. at Drury's Bluff. Rhoten, James F., d. Aug. 1. 1862. 

Harbin, Jasper N., k. at Drury's Blul | Taylor, James, d. April 25, 1862. 

Luttrell, Siias S., k. at Prurys Bluff j Taylor, Sanders, d. April, 1862. 

Cooper, Noah W., k. at Petersburg. j Luttrell, Wm. H.. d. Oct, 1, 1862. 

Daniels, George D., k. at Petersburg. j Ingraham, Benjamin, d. Sept. 1, 1862. 

Graham, John J~, k. at Fort Harrison. Robertson. John F., d. April 3. 1862. 

Fanning, Andrew J., k. at Mutfreesboro i Walker, Zaebnrlah A., d. April 6, 1862. 

Couch, Francis M.. k. at Murfreesboro. > Williams, Jasper, d. April 11, 1862. 

Myrick, Wm. P., k. at Murfreesboro. j Walker, James A., d. July 28, 1862. 

Dugan, Robert W., d. Sept. 27. 1863. I Walker, William A., d. July 13, 1862. 

Riley, Pharaoh, d. Sept. 21, $863. . Carnthers, Williams A., ti. July 10, 1802. 

Bray, James H., d. Nov. 12, 1863. | Shriner, Fountain O., d. Aug. in. 1862. 

Caswell, George, d. Sept. 29, 1804. j Crossline, Thomas, d. Jan. 5, 1862. 

Laud, Drury P., d. July 31, 1863. | Harris, John H.. d. Jan. 6, 1862. 

Rich, Henry J., d. Aug. 23, 1863. j Piikington, J. A., d. Jan. 9, 1862. 

Hall, John B., d. 

COMPANY B. 
Crutehfteld, Robert C, k. at Petersburg. I Clark, Robert J., d. Sept. 5, 1864. 

Nunley, Wm. C, d. Jan. 4. 1S62. ■ Spencer, Samuel G., d. May 13, 1S62. 

Hen-dey, Samuel, d. Nov.. 1864. ; Pruett, Samuel D.. d. Jan. 5, 1863. 

McCiure, Randall, d. Feb. 9, 1S64. | Pearson, Thomas F., d. June 5, 1S62. 

Martin, James J., d. Sept. 9, 1SG4. ! Kim^s, Thomas J., d. May 15, 18G2. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, G. M. Crawford. 
Ter.y, William F., k. at Chickamauga. ! McCall, James T., k. at Drury's Bluff. 

Eden William B., k. at Signal Hill. j Dickens, Joseph W.. k. in battie. 



540 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Rigg, John 31., k. in battle. 
Cope, Stephen, d. May 6, 1802. 
Reeves, Nathan, d. May 10, 1862 



Orabtree, Job, k. at Petersburg. 
Mayess, William, k. at Perryville. 
Merrick, John, k. at Entry's Blutf. 
Watts, Thomas, d. May 1, 1862. 
Barnes, James A., d. March 30, 1S64 



I Sanders, Frank G., d. May 8, 1862. 
Simmons, James, d. May 12, 1862. 
Johnson, Galin E., d. Jan. 11, 1862. 
COMPANY D. 
Captain, David A. Buckner. 

Crossiand, James, d. May 18, 1364. 
Guist, Wm, d. Sept. 14, 1863. 
Lee. Caswell, d. June IS, 1862. 
Greer, Robert, d. April 26, 1863. 
Hill, Thomas C, d. Jan. 7, 1362. 
COMPANY E. 
Captain, George T. Dodson. 



Johnson, Timothy A , k. at Chickamauga. 
Giil, AIooza F., k. at Chickamauga. 
Williamson, William \V., k. at Perryville. 
Shannon, E. K., k. at Perryville. 
Jones, Franklin, k. at Perryville. 
Eakes, Alfred, k. at Perryville. 
Parham, Robert S., k. at Drury's Bluff. 
Turner, Goodall, k. at Petersburg. 
McMiller, Robert H., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Carson, Thomas H., d. March 2, 1863. 
HoVell, T. F„ d. April 10, 1863. 
Rag^dale, George W., d. 
Price, John T., d. March 16, 1862. 
Lytton, John M., d. March, 1862. 



Lytton, James M., d. March 15, 1S62. 
Johnson, Jefferson, d. March 2, 1863. 
Ellis, Samuel P., d. April 22, 1863. 
Major, James M., d. Sept. 1, 1862. 
Pope, James R., d. Oct. 12, 1862. 
Hall, William, d. Aug. 6, 186a 
Robinson, Henry C. d. March 30, 186*. 
Hallow-ay, Dauiel R., d. April, 1862. 
Hatchcork, John R., d. April. 1*62. 
Rhodes, Jarvis, d. March, 1S02. 
Dillon, James M., d. May 27, 1362. 
Wren, William J., d, March, 1862. 
Pope, William A., k. at Shiloh. 
Williamson, James R., k. at Shiloh. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, Yv". H. Gibbs. 



Murrell, John, k. at Chickamauga. 
Beasden, Wm., k. at Chickamauga 
Ray, Andrew P., k, at Perryville. 
Harris, John D., k. at Perryville. 
Marcum, G. S., k. at Perryville. 
Gill, John W., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Hampton. John W., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Bevils, James, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Hampton, James G., k. at Shiloh. 
Coats, James, d. April 29, 1862. 
Fowler, George L., d. May 18, 1862. 
Franklin, John W., d. May 27, 1S62. 

King, W. N., k. at Perryville. 
Loveless, A. R. M., k. at Perryville. 
Dozier, J. T., k. at Chattanooga. 
George, A. J., k. at Bean's Station. 
Taylor, A. S., d. Oct. 9, 1862. 
Cawthorn, A. T., d. Sept. 16, 1362. 
Beard, James, d. Dec. 31, 1861. 



Hampton, A. J., d. May 13, 1862. 
Bonner, Wm. N., d. May 17, 1862. 
Smith, Wm. M., d. May 20, 1362. 
Riley, Samuel W., d. May 4, 1362. 
Cable, Franklin, d. July, 1563. 
Harper, Alfred W., d. 
Bowden, Wm. T., i. July -23, 1362. 
McKinney, Galen A., d. Aug. 3, 1862. 
Smith, Martin L., d. Aug. 14. 1362. 
Caldwell, A. J, d. Jan. 4, 1862. 
Tial, John, d. Jan. 7, 1362. 



COMPANY G. 

| Robertson, P. A., d. May 13, 1362, 
! Hunt, M. P.. d. July 24, 1862. 
Winston, M. J., d. July, 1862. 
J Reed, R. R., d. Sept. 6, 1863. 
i Kirby, J. M., d. June 17, 1864. 
I Sherrin, W. L. H., d. Oct., 1864. 



Collins, George W., k. at Drury's Bluff. 
Reafojd, John E., k. at Drury's Blutf. 
Crews, Wren, d. May 12, 1863. 
Sloan, Joseph A., d. Nov. 12, 1863. 



COMPANY H. 
Captain, H. B. Day. 

Flowers, Joel L., d. Sept 20. 1863. 
Wiikerson, Alfred M., d. June 1, 1362. 
Defreers, George, d. May I, 1862. 
Clark, Jonathan C, d. May 10, 1862. 
COMPANY I. 
Captain, Samuel Jackson. 



Wilson, Charles W., k. at Chickamauga. 
Jackson, Capt. Samuel, k. at Chickamauga. 



Hunt, Thomas, k. at Bean's Station. 
Collins, F. M n k. at Bean's Station. 



Eegimental Histories and Memorial Eolls. 



541 



Gatlin, James W., k. at Bean's Station. 
Bush, S. W., k. at Signal Hill. 
Blackburn, W. G., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Spencer, Thomas, d. Aug. 1, 2864. 
Theucatt, S. N., d. 



Farehand, James, d. June 23, 1862. 
May, James, d. May 14, 1862. 
Pewett, J. B., d. May 15, *862. 

Peach, John W., d. July <>, 1863. 
Smith, Kut'u? K., d. Jan. 5, 1862. 



COMPANY K. 
Captain, John K. Oliver. 



Jarrett, E. M., k. at Chickarnauga. 
MeGuire, Joseph, k. at Chickarnauga. 
Hardin, Nevill, k. at Chickarnauga. 
Call, J. A., k. at Murfreesboro. 



Ross, S. M., k. near Knoxville. 
Crabtree, T. J., d. May 4, 1863. 
Phillips, W. J., d, June 14, 1803. 
Kennedy, John H., d. Dec. 23, 1 



FORTY-FIFTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY, 



Official.'] 

Colonel, A. Searcy 
Newman; Assistant 
geon, John Murphy. 



Field and Staff. 
Lieutenant-colonel, W. Hall; Major, T. W. Newman; Adjutant, W. G. 
Quartermaster, T. P. Johnson; Surgeon, J. S. Fletcher; Assistant S;;r- 



Cowles, J. B., k. at Chickarnauga. 
Pollard, Pv. L., k. at Chickarnauga. 
Enzor, James, d. March 14, 1863 
White, J. B., k. at Shiloh. 
Wilson, J. F, k. at Shiloh. 
Nunu, R. S., k. at Shiloh. 
Shuffield, J. Gk, k. at Shiloh, 
Vaden, C. W., k. at Shiloh. 
Williams, F., k. at Shiloh. 
Woods, J. W., k. at Shiloh. 
Wilson, R. Vv\, k. at Murfreesboro. 



Gilmore, J. A., k. at Resaca, Ga. 
Carney, H. A., d. Feb. 19, 1862. 
Foster, W. R-, d. Aug! 3, 1862. 
Geers, J. D., d. June 6, 1862. 



Smith, Hugh, k. at Chickarnauga. 
Parker, L. F., k. at Chickarnauga. 
Hunt, J. R., k. at Chickarnauga. 
Bell, W. M., k. at Chickarnauga. 
Sanford, Benjamin, k. at Chickarnauga. 
Watkins, E., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Clark, J. N., k. at Shiloh. 
Dunaway, G. W., d. May 27, 1862. 



COMPANY A. 
Captain, S. B. Wiison. 

Irwin, B., k. at Murfreesboro. 
McElhany, L. B., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Wilson, Capt. S. B., k. in battle. 
Wilson, 0. C. k. in battle. 
Williams, E.A.. k. in battle. 
Russell, F. C, k. at Resaca, Ga. 
Helm, J. C.d.Jan. 24, 1802. 
Andrews, H. G., d. Feb. 28, 1362. 
MeGuire, S. B., d. Jan. 12, 1862. 
Owen, R. W., d. Jan. 26, 1862. 
Andrews, A., d. Jan. 25, 1863. 

COMPANY B. 
Captain, H, C. Irby. 

Hill, B., d. Feb. 5, 1862. 
Hunt, J., d. July 32,1862. 
Stowe, W. W. ; d. July 15, 1862. 
Wear, R. W., d. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, R. Sanford. 

McDermott, T. R., d. Feb. 24, 1662. 
Leathers, J. W., d. April 22, 1863. 
Kirby, J. H., d. April 6, 1863. 
Moore, J. M., d. 
Mc Daniel, G. W., k. in battle. 
Mullins, J. F., k. in battle. 
McElray, S. F., k. in battle. 
Wade, W. H., k. in battle. 



Doak, J. W., k. at Shiloh. 
Jarratt, L. D., k. at Shiloh. 
Alexander, J. J., k. at Shiloh. 
Feather«ton. 0. P.. k. at Shiloh. 
Fletcher, B. D., k. at Shiloh. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, J. B. Moore. 

Clark, R. N., k. at Missionary Ridge. 
Carlton, John, k. m battle. 
Crick, F. G., k. in battle. 
Rucker, M., d. Dec. 7, 1863. 
Finger, T. h n d. 



Clark, W. D., k. at Missionary Ridgf 



542 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



COM 

Captain, 

Thorn, \V. T., k.atShiloh. 
Peyton. R. 3., k. St Sfailoh. 
Ramsey, J. S., k. at Chickamauga. 
Kirkpatrick, F. E., k. at Chickamauga. 
Flower?, J., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Foster. J. D.. d. Nov. 3, 1862. 



COM 

Captain, 



Brown, E., k. in battle. 
Jennings W. J., k. in battle. 
Puke, J. A., k. in battle. 
Estes. A. D., k. in battle. 
Sullivan, J. A., k. in battle. 
Howell, Levi, k. in battle. 
Curd, T. II., k. in battle. 
Carver, J Rf., k. in battle. 



Estes, J. W., k. at Chickamauga. 
Lanom, A. T~ k. at Murfreesboro, 
Gipson, T. J., k. at Resaca, Ga. 
Koonce, G. W., d. Jan. 15, 18G2. 
O'Neal, E. J., d. May 17. 1862. 
Hackney, G. B., d. Jan. 16, 1862. 



Davis, E. A., d. May 4, 1864. 
Bruce, John, d. Aug. 12, 1663. 
Viverett, J. N., d. Jan. 25, 1S64. 
Summers, F. W., d. Dec. 18, 1862. 
Shannon, G. Yv\ B.. d. 3ept. 22, 1863. 



PA NY E. 
W. H. Titus. 

Miller. A. E., d. April 2, 1862. 

McPeak, T. P., d. March 29, 1862. 

Ward, J. A., d. March 23, 1862. 

Collier, W. B.. d. Dec. 29, 1861. 

Sanders, P. G., d. April 12,1858. 
1 Atkerson, George M. T., d. 

PANY F. 
Hardy Brett. 
| Branch, T. J., k. in battle. 

Rutherford, J. W, k. in battle. 

Oldham, W.B., k. in battle. 

Cawthorn, L. P., k. at Murfreesboro. 

Andrews, J. A., k at Atlanta. 

Lane, B. F., d. Aug. 18, 1863. 

Reese, J. W, d. Aug. 18, 1863. 



COMPANY G. 
Captain John F. Puckett. 

| Elam, K. E., d. April 30, 1862. 
I Barkins, J. L., d. March 30, 1862. 
' Bond, R. H., d. April If, 1862. 
Patterson. Lewis, d. Feb. 6, 1863. 
Patterson, J. R., d. Juue 22, ln54. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, A. W. Baird. 

Clemmons, G. P.. d. Feb. 4, 1863. ' 
Eskew, T. M., d. Feb. 3, 1863. 
Wright. James, k. in battle. 
Steed, S. H., k. in battle 
Clemmons. W. H., k. in battle. 



COMPANY I. 
Captain, J. C. Farmer. 



Lassiter, John. k. at Chickamauga. 
Cotton, William, k. at Chickamauga. 
Bowman, J. F., k. at Baton Rouge. 



Tuttle, Solomon, k. at Bafcou Rouge. 
Lassiter, J. A., d. Feb. 12. 1862. 
Compton, Levi, d. July 10, 1863. 



COMPANY K. 
Captain, L. B. White. 



Coleman, Daniel, k. at Chickamauga. 
Hodge, W. G., k. at Chickamauga. 
Williams, J. H.. k. at Murfreesboro. 
Harrell, \V„ d. Oct. 1. 1863. 
Murphy. J. P.. d. July 10. 1863. 
Coleman, J. H.. d. July 28, 1863. 
Coleman, W. B.. d.July 1. 1863. 
Pelbridse, J. T.. d. July 27, 1863. 
Glimp, R., d. March 29, 1862. 



} Prewett, H.. d. June 3, 1862. 
| Fergus, W., d. Jan. 21, 18H2. 
j Rowlett, H.. d. Jan. 23, 1861. 
I Sanford, J. H., d. Feh. 20, 1S62. 
i Smithy, Timothy, d. Feb. 27, 1862. 
| Tucker, M. VV., d. Jan. 2'.), 1862. 
j Smith, H., d. Dec. 23, 1862. 
i McClaren, G. W., d. Jan. 27, 1S62. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



o43 



FORTY-SIXTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY 



Oj/k-ial.] Field and Staff. 

Colonel, J. M. Clarke; Lietttennnt~cOlonel, J. W. Johnson; Major, J. S. Brown; Surgeon, 
8. K. Caldwell; Assistant Surgeon. E. T. Taliaferro; Commissary, S. J. Roy: Quartermaster, 
B. F. Ridge way; Adjutant. J. S. Dawson. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, J. W. Weldon. 
Swor, Clandius, d. Jan.. l--s62. l Walker. David, d. July, 1862. 

Hudson, W., d. April 8, 1802. J Wright, John, d. Feb., 1802. 

Roberson, Thomas, d. Dec, 1801. 

COMPANY B. 
Captain. W. G. Handle. 
Johnson, E., d. in prison at Camp Douglas. I Jackson. G. W., d. Feb., 1862. 
Lucas, J. M., d. in prison at Camp Douglas. j Howe, E., d. Aug., 1S02. 
Powell, Henry, d. in prison at Camp Douglas. ■ Ditcgs. Richard, <>. Feb. 1862. 
Williams, Jepihy, d. in prison at Crimp Doug- j Brundridge, J. L., d. Fen., 1862 
las. ! Barnhill, S. A., d. Aug., 1362. 



Greer, W. W., k. at Port Hudson. 
Cute, J. W. r k. at Port Hudson. 
Barbee, M. A., d. June. 1862. 
Cate, J. F.. d. July, 19,1862. 
Cannon, J. N., d. Jan., 1862. 
Deets, E. F., a. June, 1862. 
Grisson, B. M.. d. 
Giles, J. N., k. >it Perryvil'.e. 
Haysee, W. M., d. June, 1862. 
PIk-ks, J. H., d. Feb.. 16, 1503. 



Willis, James W., d. Jan.. 1802 
Winters, M. E., d. Feb., 1862. 
King, W. D.. d. May, 1862. 
Polts, A. R.. d. July. 1862. 
Parker, G. H., d. June, 1862. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, S. W. Cockraa. 

Lassater, W. J., d. Jan. 16, 1863. 
Myeriek, J. W.. k. at Perryville. 
Myeriek, W. H., d. Jan.. 1862. 
Myerick, L. A., d. May. 1862. 
Puokeit, C. A., d. May, 1862. 
Pettyjohn, J. P., d. June. 1862. 
Righy. C. K., k. at PenyviJie. 
Smithson, J. W., k. at Perryviile. 
Underwood. J. W., d. Aug., 1S62. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, 3. C. Cooper. 

; Martin. B. G., d. May o, 1862. 
j Jobe, R. il., d. Feb., 1862. 
: Carson, J. A., d. April 27. 1862. 
! Venabie, j. B.. d. April, 1862. 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, W. A. Tnorpe. 
Malone. George, d. in prison at Camp Douglas, i Haines, W. H., d. April. 1862. 
Todd, W. H„ d. in prison at Camp Douglas. Hughes, C. T-, d. Oct. :\ 1*62. 
Lowery, J. H., d. in prison at Camp Douglas. ' Grisson. Solomon, d. in prison. 
Johnson, John, 1. Jan.. 1862. Moody, W. J., d. in prison. 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, W. T. Sims. 

- I Hartsfield, B.. d. Aug., 1862. 
: Evans, J., d. Nov. 8. 1862. 
' Cantwell, S., >i. April, 1S62. 
. Bowden, T. L., J. June, 1862. 
1 Sims, J. H, d. June. 1862. 



Wilkerson, J. J., d. June, 1862. 
Powell, S. O., d. July. 1862, 
Nichols, J W., d. Sent.. 1862. 
Moore, E., d. Aug., 1862. 
Key, F. L., d. July, 1862. 
Journey, R. S., d. May 15, 1862. 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, P. H. Rand! 



Jenkins, Thomas, d. April. 18' 
MeKibsick, Daniel, d. \\ ril 7, 



Grissom. N. M.. d. at Camp Douglas 
Green* Ti H-,d at Camp Dougla*. 



5te 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



COMPANY H. 
Captain, VV. D. Haynes. 



Johnson, Bushbv, d. iu prison at Camp Batter; 
Cocper, L. C, d. in prison at Camp Butter. 
Rodgers, J. R.. d. in prison at Camp Butler. 
Wren, K. V., d. m prison at Camp Butler. 
Randell, W. W., d. in prison at Camp Butler. 
Harney, S. G., d. Nov. 17. 18(32. 



Lee, D. C, d. at Camp Doug!; 
King, W. E., (i Feb., 1862. 
Hays, J. M-, d. April 1, 1863. 
Caldwell, IX O, a. Jan., 7, 1862 



Holden, Elias, d. June 26, 1862. 
Mathis, T. H., d. July 29, 1S63. 



Sullivan, E. P., d. at Camp Butler. 
Thompson, II., d. April 2, 1862. J 
Vancleve, Henry, d. Nov., 1862, 
Young, L. M., d. Jan. 18, 1862. 
Sullivan, T. F., d. April, 1862. 



COMPANY I. 
Captain, R. A. Owens. 

Almond, J. W., d. April 7, 1863. 
Williams, R. D., d. April 10, 1863. 
Whitfield, Win., d. Juiy oO, 18.62. 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, J. D. Paschall. 

[ Spradling, V. D., d. April 2, 1863. 



FORTY-SEVENTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 



Official.'] 



Colonel, Yv. M. Watkins. 



COMPANY A. 

Captain, William Stacey. 



Brown, O. R-, k. at Murfreesboro. 
McDonald, John, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Caudle, M. R., k. at Shiioh. 
Guy, J. H., k. at Missionary Ridge. 
Kirk, T. C, d. 
Reeves, J. B., d. Jan. 9, 1863. 
Roberts, John, d. Dec, 1862. 
Wade, T. R-, d. April 5. 1863. 
San ford, R. H- d. May 5, 1862. 
Wallace, N. C, d. May 8, 1S62. 
Latimore, Jamtrs, d. May 12, 1S62. 
Wills, J. P., d. Aug. 5, 1S02. 
Young, Joseph, d. July 1, 1862. 
Exin, E. G., d.Sept. 18, 1862. 



| Garrett, J. W., d. Sept. 28, 1862. 
I Morris. J. P., d. Oct. 12, 1862. 

Moffat, T. B., d. at Rives, Tenn. 

Stacy, W., k. at Murfreesboro. 

Griggs, John, k. at Atlanta. 

Harris, S. A. M., k. iu Georgia, 1864. 

Moore. J. B., d. in service. 

Montgomery, Win., d. in service. 

Patterson, John, k. at Atlanta, Ga. 

Wade, Cianton, d. in service. 

Younger, Joe, d. in service. 

Martin, Cuff, d. in service. 

Phillips, Sam, d. in service. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, R. B. Patterson. 



Sinclair, James H., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Kellow, Geo. W., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Bowen, J. F., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Sanders, W. L., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Taylor, J. H-, k. as Missionary Ridge. 
As prey, J. P., d. Feb. 28, 1863. 
Arnold, W. C, d. Feb. 25, 1863. 
Montgomery, J. S., d. June 24, 1562. 



Benthal, M., d. June 26, 1862. 
Bancum, N. C, d. June 6, 1862. 
Nettle, James, d. June 20, 1862. 
Tunkle, S. W., d. July 6, 1862. 
Reeves, W. L., d. Aug. 1, 1862. 
Ashford, J. M., d. Sept, 1, 1862. 
Ballard, Jos., d. Sept. 7, 1862, 



COMPANY C. 

Captain, P. Marchant. 
Wyne, H. J., k. at Missionary Ridge. j Petty, J. F., d. 

Wyne J T. k. at Chiekamauga. ' 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 545 



Craig, G. B., k. at Richmond* Ky. 
Cieefc, J. H., d. June 16, 1862. 
Cowell, John G., d. June 1, 1862. 



COMPANY I). 
Captain, W. M. Watkins. 

Piatt, Darius, d. May 6, 1862. 
Walker, W. T., d. July 12, 1862. 
Wilcox, B. F., d. June 30, 1862. 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, Frank G. Sampson. 



Souell, P. C, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Barnett, John E., k. at Richmond. 
Bushby, Robert, d. 
Edwards, Spencer, d. 
Hicks, Daniel, d. June 5, 1862. 



Ht-nry, John T., k. May 17, 1862. 
Edwards, Lemuel C, d. 
Lumpley, Jos., d. 
Wall, Albert H., d. 



Rust, W. J., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Rogers, J. T., k. at Mufreesboro. 
Lankford, V,'. H., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Wood, M. M., k. at Shiloh. 
Morphis, W. J., k. at Corinth. 
Warmouth. \V. H., d. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, T. J. Carthell. 
Ma tries, G. F 



Captain, T 
Stewart, J. W., k. at Missionary Ridge. 
Abbott. S. E., d. Dec. 30, 1863. 
Crofton, R I.., d. Oct. 4, 1S62. 
Colman, J. T., d. June 25, 1882. 
Guthrie, James, d. June 30, 1362. 



. d. March, 1863. 
Clay, W. H., d. a prisoner of war. 
Coppedge, John, d. a prisoner of war. 
Campbell, W. H., d. a prisoner of war. 
Lovin, W. C, k. in battle. 
1 Fly, J. L., d. Feb. 20, 1862. 

COMPANY G. 

J. Carthell. 

Grady, M. L., d. June 21, 1862. 
Wallace, C. D., d. May 23, 1862. 
King, W. D.. d. Oct. 29, 1S62. 
Ward, C. J., d. Oct. 2, 1862. 



COMPANY H. 
Captain, J. A. Duncan. 



Buddix, W. D., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Owens, J., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Waddy, M., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Worrell, N. B., k. at Shiloh. 
Alptum, A., k. at Shi!oh. 
Whilley, J., d. 

Tuck, J. H., d. Sept. 12, 1S62. 
Pace, T. J., d. June 6, 1S62. 
Reed, H. B., d. Feb. 5, 1864. 
Boyett, J. H., d. Jan. 27, 1863. 
Webb, G. W.. d. Aug. 10, 1862. 
Grippin, D. T., k. at Richmond. 
Gillam, A. V., d. Aug. 13, 1862. 



Dyer, J. B., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Martin, R. T„ k. at Richmond. 
Oliver, M. F., k. at Richmond. 



Hanks, P. L.. d. July 4, 1862. 
Morrow, H. C, d. June 6. 1862. 
Dugan, J. H., d. June 1, 1S62. 
Ellington, P. A., d. June. 1S62. 
Elston, W, d. June. 1862. 
Harget, A. F., d. May 27, 1862. 
Lorett. G. Y/., d. June 16, 1862. 
Biggs, J. H., d. March 20, 1862. 
Algea, J.S., d. June 1. 1862. 
Loudon, T. J., d. May 13, 1862. 
MoKnight, S. A., d. June 6, 1862. 
Tiigham, S. R, d. May 7, 1362. 



COMPANY I. 
Captain, J. R. Oliver. 

Hargus, T. G., d. July 3, 1862. 
Rassdale. J. A., d. Jan. 20, 1863. 
Pursley,S. M., d. May 31, 1863. 



COMPANY K. 
Captain, T. E. Cummings. 
Blankenship, E., k.at Murfreesboro. j Brewer, N. B., d. March 7, 1863. 

Jetton, J. R., If. at Richmond. J Jarvis, H. C, d. 

Roberts, Thomas, d I 

35 



5-16 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



FORTY-EIGHTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY, 

(VOORHEES'S.) 
By Joseph Love, Cui.leoka, Tenn. 

On the 12th of December, 18.61, the companies to compose the Forty-eighth 
Tennessee Infantry arrived at CampManev, a few mites north of Nashville, Tenn 
Six of these companies were from Maury county, three from Hickman, and one 
from Lewis. In a few days a regimental organization was effected. Two compa- 
nies (K and E), Capts. Jamison and George W. Gordon, were ordered the next 
day to Clarksville; from thence to Kentucky, south of Bowling Green, to do guard 
duty — Capt. Jamison at Whip-poor-will and Capt. Gordon at Elk Fork bridge. 

'Die Captain of Co. E, George W. "Gordon, deserves more than a passing notice. 
Of commanding appearance, gray-haired, full of vigor though in his sixtieth year, 
lie was altogether my ideal of a Christian soldier. While we were guarding the 
bridge at this place he would call the boys around him at the close of day and ask 
God's blessing upon tiiose under his command. He carried a moral atmosphere 
with him wherever he went. His genial manners made him a favorite in prison. 
and his friends looked forward with certainty to his promotion when exchanged. 
ITe was taken sick on his way from prison to Vicksburg; and there, in one of its 
beautiful cemeteries, away from those he loved, sleeps one of the purest men I 
ever knew. 

The regiment was ordered from Camp Maney to Clarksville; from thence to 
Danville, on the Tennessee River: from thence to Fort Henry; after the fight 
there, to Fort Donelson — Cos. E. and K joining the regiment at For: Donelson on 
Friday night, February 15. It was the last infantry to leave Kentucky, being 
engaged in the battle on the I6th and 17th, Col. Heiman, of the Tenth Tennessee, 
commanding the brigade; lost only one man in a charge Saturday evening. In 
the retreat from Fort Henry the baggage and clothing of the regiment were capt- 
ured, and when the regiment reached Donelson a detail was made from each com- 
pany to return home and collect Clothing, etc.; and the measles having broken 
out in the regiment, we surrendered only three hundred and sixty men. With 
those detailed and recruits from the hospital, and those who made their escape 
from Fort Donelson, a small battalion was formed at Corinth, with five new com- 
panies from Lawrence and Wayne counties, and placed under Col. Nixon till we 
were exchanged. 

As prisoners of war the field officers were sent to Fort Warren, Mass.; line of- 
ficers to Camp Chase, Ohio, but on the first day of May. 1S62, were transferred 
to Johnson's Island, Lake Erie; the enlisted men to Camp Douglas, 111. We re- 
mained in prison till the middle of August, and were then sent to Vicksburg, 
Miss., as exchanged. The field officers were exchanged at Akin's Landing, V.u, 
on the James River, From Viofcsburg we were sent to Jackson, Miss., where all 
the Tennessee troops were reorganize'.! for the war. Col. W. M. Voorhees was re- 
elected Colonel. Capt. A. S. Godwin was elected Lieutenant-colonel: Capt. A. J. 
Campbell, Major. Sergeant William Polk, of the Third Tennessee, wa.s pro- 
moted to Adjutant, and Thos. D. Spindle, private Co. E, Quartermaster; W. M. 
Sullivan, Commissary. Line officers: Capt. T. E. Jamison, Co. K ('reelected'!; 
Capt. J. D. Howard, Co. B (reflected) ; Capt. Samuel Whiteside, Co. C (reelected) ; 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Bolls. 



5-i" 



Capt. E. C, Cantrell, Co. D; Gapt. Jo. Love, Co. E; Capt. I. J. Howlett, Co. F; 
Cipt. A. F. Aydolett, Co. H; Capt. C. W. Vestal, Co. K; Capt. II. R. Walker, Co. 
G; Capt. William Ea.ley, Co. A. 

The tield oriicers and two line oflicers, with non-commissioned officers from each 
company, were ordered to Tennessee to recruit and collect up the enlisted men 
then with Nixon's Forty-fifth, Gen. Polk's brigade, at Shelbyville. The re- 
mainder of the regiment, under Capts. J. D. Howard and Jo. Ix)ve, were incorpo- 
rated with the Third Tennessee, encamped at Holly Springs, Miss. The detach- 
ment remained only a few days, when it was ordered to Port Pludson, La., reach- 
ing there on the 27th of Oct.. 1862. December 27th the tield officers, together 
with the men, rejoined the detachment. For the first time, except during the 
battle at Fort Donelson, the whole regiment was all together. We were made 
part of Gen. S. B. Maxev's brigade, composed of the following regiments: Forty- 
second, Fifty-third, Forty-sixth, Fifty-fifth, Forty-eighth, and Forty-ninth Ten- 
nessee, and the Thirtieth and Fourth Louisiana. 

We remained at Port Hudson till May 3, 1863, sustaining the severe bombard- 
ment when the Federal gun-boats passed our batteries on the 14th of March. Mai. 
A. J. Campbell had been in very bad health for some time, resulting from brutal 
and inhuman treatment and exposure in prison. At last his brave spirit yielded, 
and another soldier was at rest. From Port Hudson we were ordered to Jackson, 
Miss. At Brookhaven, Miss., the whole brigade was en route. The Fifty-fifth 
and Fifty-third regiments being in the front train, they reached Raymond in time 
to have all their baggage captured. On reaching a point some twenty miles from 
Jackson we found the Federals had torn up the railroad track, and a dispatch 
reached Gen. Maxey that Jackson had been abandoned by our forces. We re- 
turned to Brookhaven, and made a detour to the Southern railroad. Grant passed 
on to Vieksburg, and we then entered Jackson. We were in Loring's division, 
and took part in all the engagements in and around Jackson from the 10th to the 
16th of July. After the death of Maj. A. J. Campbell, Capt. Jo. L>. Howard was 
promoted to Major. 

After the retreat from Jackson we were ordered to Mobile. There Gen. Maxey 
wa- ordered to report to Richmond to take command elsewhere. Col. W. A. 
Quarles then assumed command, and was soon after made Brigadier-general. Gen. 
Quarles was a brave and dashing commander, and the boys had confidence in him. 
We remained in his brigade till the close of the war. We arrived at Mobile Sep- 
tember 1, guarding the coast from Pascagoula to Mobile. 

At one time the Forty-eighth Regiment with a battery was sent to Pascagoula 
to guard a steamer that had succeeded in running the blockade, but the was pur- 
sued so closely that she had to beach herself. From Mobile we were ordered to 
the Army of Tennessee: reached Dalton, Ga., November 26th. In January we 
were again ordered to Mobile; were then sent to join Polk's army, to meet the ad- 
vance of Gen. Sherman — placed in Gen. French's division. We retreated with 
Gen. Polk's army to Meridian. Were again ordered back to Mobile. From 
Mobile ordered to the Army of Tennessee, joining Gen. Johnston at New Hope 
Church, May 27th, 1864, and taking part in ail the engagements from New Hope, 
Pine Mountain, Kennesaw, Peach-tree Creek, Atlanta, Lick-skillet road, to July 
28th. This was the hottest contest we engaged in during the war. Our brigade 
lost in killed and wounded over one-half of its men. On the extreme left of 



54S Military Annals of Tennessee, 



Hood's army the skirmish line was commanded by Capt. Jo. Love. On his right- 
in a skirt of woods the Fifty-third and Forty-ninth were hotly engaged. The 
skirmish line extended through an old held some two hundred yards wide to u 
dense wood which the Federals were trying to oecupy. The enemy would hurl 
their double line of battle against our forces and drive them down the hill: so soon 
as thy attempted to extend their line, our men would drive them back. This 
was repeated three times. The third time a Federal regiment emerged from the 
woods, one man carrying three guns and bis comrades two rails each; in this way a 
line of breastworks was thrown across the open space in ten minutes. Lieut. J. 
W. Kerr was severely wounded here. In a short time after this engagement, 
Federal cavalry was threatening our railroad in rear of Atlanta. Gen. W. H. 
Jackson called for a small force of infantry to assist him in protecting the read. 
Gen. Reynolds, of Walthall's division, was ordered to go to Jackson's support. 
One regiment of his brigade being on picket line, the Forty-eighth Tennessee was 
ordered to accompany Gen. Reynolds, Lieut.-col. A. S. Godwin in command. 
Reynolds's whole force numbered about three hundred men. We got aboard the 
cars, ran down to Jonesboro, where the Federal cavalry had torn up the railroad 
track half a mile, and had passed on down the road. Another train below the 
break carried us on to L©vejoy*s Station, where Jackson met us and informed us 
that there we could have a tight. We formed a line, and advanced but one hundred 
yards before we encountered the Federal cavalry. Although they were in force, 
and had built pens of rails and logs for protection, they seemed paralyzed when 
they saw they were attacked by infantry. A perfect panic followed. Gen. Jack- 
son was in their rear. Within the space of twenty minutes we killed seventy- 
four and captured twenty-three prisoners. Some of the prisoners were so drunk 
that we had to lift them on the train. We immediately returned to Jonesboro. 
• One incident connected with this engagement I would like to mention. When 
we reached Jonesboro two ladies living near came to our camp and reported that 
a squad of Federals had that morning plundered their house, and one had stolen 
various articles they prized very highly. Two rings given to them by a dead sol- 
dier brother had been taken from them. Sergt. Jo. Rainey, of Co. E, informed 
them that a wounded Federal in the car had on rings such as they described. He 
went with them to the car, and they recognized the man at once and secured their 
rings. Next morning that poor wretch was dead. 

From this time on the regiment continued with Gen. Hood; went into Ten- 
nessee with hira. We remained three days in Maury county, at our homes, there- 
fore were not in the battle at Franklin, Tenn. The regiment then joined Hood 
at Nashville, and took an active part in the two days engagement at that place. 
Early on the morning of Dec. 15, Capt. Love was put in command of a force to 
complete a fort on Hood's left, on the Granny White pike. About noon he was 
ordered to report to his regiment near by, and a detail from Quarles's brigade, under 
Major T. E. Jamison, of the Forty-eighth; Major Howard having resigned on ac- 
count of defective si^ht. Scarcely had the brigade moved away before a strong 
cavalry force attacked the fort, and was repulsed with great loss. Shortly they were 
attacked by the infantry. Our men stood heroically, many of them barefooted in 
the snow, and when overpowered fought with clubbed guns. Sergt. William 
Trousdale, of Co. E; Charley Jones, of Co. K; Lieut. Maeiin, of the Fifty-third 
Tennessee, daringly cut through the Federal host and joined their commands 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Holls. 



5i9 



that night. Major Jamison was severely wounded in the thigh. He was taken to 
Fort Delaware, and was one oi' the sixty-two who were kept there till August, 1SG5. 

Our brigade took position behind a rock wall; soon the enemy captured another 
fort in our front, turned our own guns upon us, ami a brigade of the enemy was 
rapidly moving on our left flank. We fell back in good order through a field of 
recently plowed ground. Here Capt. J. P. Church had his leg shot off. Color- 
bearer Craig was shot down, and others badly wounded. Next day we occupied 
an exposed space to the right of Fioiey's brigade, with no protection; the Federal 
line within severity yards of us. Ave were compelled to lie down, as the lea^t ex- 
posure was sure to result in death; all day long we could see the Federal line en- 
circling us. Here Lieut. W. B. Wood, of Co. K, had one arm and part of the 
other hand shot oft* by a cannon-ball. We saw our line give way on the hill above 
us. Soon the Federa Is had full possession of the fort ; then our whole line gave way. 
In the retreat Col. Voorhees was wounded in the leg and captured. 

The regiment retreated with Hood and came under the command of Gen. For- 
rest, commanding rear-guard of Hood's army; was engaged in that sharp contest 
at Anthony's Hill, near Pulaski. Tenn.. capturing a Federal battery. The regi- 
ment then went to North Carolina, reached Gen. Bragg at Kingston; a mere hand- 
ful of men took part in that engagement, Capt. Love commanding; Gen. George 
D. Johnson commanding Quarles's brigade here as at Nashville, Tenn., Gen. 
Quarles having been wounded at Franklin, Tenn. In this engagement Lieut. II. 
Crawford, of Co. H, Forty -eighth Tennessee, was killed; also Sergt. Trousdale, 
who had so bravely cut his way out through the Federal host at Nashville, Tenn. 
We also took an active part in the battle of Bentonville, charging and capturing 
one line of the enemy's breastworks. Surrendered March 19, 1365. 



FORTY-EIGHTH 



TENNESSEE 

(NIXON'S.) 



INFANTRY. 



OjficiaL] Field and Staff. 

Colonel, G. H. Nixon; Lieutenam-eolouel, T. R. Hughes; Major, J. T. Younger; Quarter- 
master, J. C. Wooten; Commissary, W. C. Richardson; Surgeon, J. F. Scott; Assistant Sur- 
geon, H. VV. Hunter; Adjutant, M. L. Montague; Chaplain, William Quails. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, D. R. Sowell. 
Campbell, Edward, k. at Richmond, Ky. Hall, A. J., d. April 12, 1862, 

Foster, S. F., d. May 14, 1862. 
Finch, G. W., d. May 13, 1S62. 
Grimes, W. E., d. 
Grimes, L. C, d. 
Harrell, T. J., d. July 13, 1862. 



Lintz, John, d. Jan. 30. 1862. 
Morris, Calvin, d. March 5, 1362. 
Warren, Enoch, d. Feb. 20, 1362. 
Oliver, Capr. J. A., d. Feb. 23, 1362. 
Brown, Samuel, d. March 5, 1862. 
Frizei!, William, d. Jan. 31. 186& 
Hale, A. J., d. April U. 1862. 



Prichard, T. B., d. May 20, 1362. 

Pope. G. W., d. May 29, 1302. 

Simms, John R., d. June 2, 1362. 
j Turner, Jasper, d. May 17, 1362. 
' Turner, Abner, d. May 30, 1862. 
COMPANY B. 
Captain, Samuel A. Whiteside. 

Jenkins, J. C, d. Feb. 14, 1362. 

Overby, Drury, d. Feb. 5, 1862. 

Steele, W. T., d. Jan. 8, 1362. 

Winn, B. F, d. Feb. 6, 1362. 

Wood, T. J., d. Jan. 23, 1862. 

Henderson, John T., k. at Richmond, Kv. 



550 



Militaby Annals of Tennessee. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, C. C. Harris. 



Duggar, Alonzo, k. at Perryville, Ky. 
Byrd, D. O, k. at Richmond. Ky. 
Denton, W. J., d. May 3, 1862. 
Griffin, M. J., d. May 13, 1SG2. 
Norria, E. S., d. Sept. 6, 1862. 



Jewell, W. E., d. June 10, 1862. 
Lee. G. W., k. at Richmond, Ky. 
McBride, C. W, d. June 1, 1862. 

Smith, D. J., k. at Richmond, Ky. 



Perry, J. W., d. Feb. 2, 1802. 
McCallup, M.. d. Feb. 20, 1862. 
Tatom, G. M., d. Feb. 4, 1862. 
McCollum, £'. M., k. at Perryville, Ky. 
Barne?, C. C, d. Aug. 1, 1SC2. 
Eas'ey, J. T., k. at Richmond, Kv. 



COMPANY D. 

Captain, S. J. George. 

Ratliff, John, d. July 1, 1862, 
Burcham, W. J., d. April 8, 1862. 
Denton, Henry, d. Feb. 20, 1862. 
Gill, T. J., d. May 14, 1862. 
Shouse, F. C, d. June 16, 1852. 



COMPANY E. 

Captain, Dooley McKinney. 



Estes, W. R., k. at Chickamauga. 
Martin, M. L., k. at Chickamauga. 
McMorris, Win-, d. Dec. 12, 1861. 
Brown, Martin P., d. Apr. 25, 1862. 
Hoffman. Edward C, d. April 28, 1862. 
White, Noah E., d. May 10, 1862. 
Brown, McKinney, d. May 19, 1862. 



Mathews, William, d. May 24, 1862. 
Hill, Wiiliam H.. d. Aug. 25, 1862. 
Johnson, Harrison, d. 
Brown, VV. D., d. Sept. 24, 1862. 
Dooley, J. B., d. March 22, 1863. 
Kinzer, H., d. March 22, 1S63. 



Churefiweil, D. M., d. April 29, 1863. 
Waller. Martin V, d. Feb. 8, 1862. 
Sanderson, H. J., d. Feb., 1862. 
Reaves, Joseph C, d. Feb. 7, 1862. 
Reynolds, Samuel, d. Feb. 15, 1862. 
Leroy, Robert, d. Feb. 3, 1862. 
McM:ihon, W. J., d. Feb. 7, 1863. 
Harria-ton. A. B., d. Feb. 18, 1863. 
Humphreys, J. H., d. Feb. 2, 1863. 
Carter. John F. ? d. Feb. 14, 1862. 
Whitaker, Jumes W., d. Feb. 4, 1S62. 
Hardin, A. K.. d. March 5, 1862. 
Huckabee, -T. R., k. at Chickamauga. 
Crossus, Samuel, k. in battle. 
Benham, E. J., d. Nov. 5, 1863. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, James Jackson. 

Duggar, Frank, d. March 6, 1853. 
Howell, Henderson, d. March, 1863. 
Jewell, Wrn. E., d. 

Duggan, Alonzo, k. at Richmond, Ky. 
Smith, Elijah, d. Oct., 1862. 
Loyd, Owen., d. Jan. 27, 1863. 
Old, J. B, .I.Jan. 2c, 1862. 
Henry, Jesse, d. Nov. 30, 1862. 
Benham, J. V., k. at Richmond, Ky. 
Whitaker, W. H., k. at Richmond, Ky. 
Moore, K. C, d. June 21, 1*62. 
Roberts. A. A., d. May, 1862. 
Roach, William 3., d. May, 1862, 
Staggs, James N., d. May, 1862. 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, Lewis Miller. 
Palmore. George W., d. Sept. 15, 1862. I Ingram, Elihu, d. Feb. 26, 1862. 

Baronett, James W, d. Feb. 25, 1862. | Pullin, John R., d. Feb. 23, 1862. 

Smith, Robert W„ d. Feb. 8, 1862. Smith, John H., d. March 17, 1862. 

Bean. Thomas J., d. Feb. 18, 1862. j Griffin, Thomas B., d. May 15. 1862. 

Clifton, Thomas, d. Feb. 24, 1862. Foust, Jesse M., d. June 23, 1S62. 

Foust, Thomas H., d. Feb. 18. 1862. Wisdom, T. H., d. Oct, 1863. 

Freeman, Alfred S-, d. March 17, 1862. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, N. A. Carroll. 
Thomas, R. H., d. Nov. 3<>, 1863. j Curry. J. E, d. Cot. 16, 1S62. 

McAnally, W. J., d. July 26, 1863. Balleniine, J. W.. d. FeK 25, 1862. 

Baird, J.' C, d. July 5, 1863. Bailey, J. W., d. Feb. 21, 1862. 

Patter-on. A. N.. d. June 23. 1862. Churehwe'.i, J. S, d. Feb. 28, 1862. 

Pollock, C. C, d. May 7, 1862. I Davis, J. A., d. March 2, 1862. 
















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COL .'. M. A FORBES 



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. JO. -::- j 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



551 



Davi?, W. H., d, Feb. 10, 1802. 
Edgar, William A., d. Dee. 19, 1862. 

Scott, P. M., d. Feb. 19, 18b2. 
Kinnaird, Albert D., d. March 3, 1SG2. 
Derryberry, Marshall W., d. March 1, 1362, 
Wright, John H., d. March 17, 1862. 

COMPANY I. 

Captain, Henry G. Evans 
Bradley, Robert I., k. at Ghickamauga. 
Durbin, Thomas, k. at Chickamauga. 
Whitten, D. H., k. at Chickamauga. 
Riekman, J. N., d. March 31, 1862. 
Cunningham, W. B., d. March 15, 1862. 
Lyles, John, d. Nov. 18, 1862. 
Ives, John D., d. Sept. 11, 1862. 
Allen, Dick, d. July 6, 1862, 



Rummage, J. A., d. Jan. 23, 1862. 
Robeson, H. J., d. June 17, 1862. 
Hardison, .Mar-hid! E., d. March 12, 1862 
Fassetfc, Wm., d. March 12, 1862. 
Fox. Harris, d. June 1, 1862. 



I Hayes, C. P., d. Aug. 3, 1862. 

Olive, J. B., d. July 19,1862. 
j Smith, Thomas, d. Sept., 1S62. 
I Whitten, C. E., d. July 12. 1SC2. 
' Burks, J. J., d. Sept., 1862. 

Allen. Bob, d. May 15, 1862. 

Wiley, J. C, d. May 27, 1802. 

Williams, B. M., d. May 18, 1862 



White, Capt. James M., d. Nov. U 
Lindsey, Capt. J. B., k. in battle. 
Pettis, A. J., k. at Chickamauga. 
Crews, W. T., k. at Chickamauga. 
Blake, W. O., d. Oct. 18, 1863. 
Anthony, T. D., d. Aug. 2, 1863. 
Simms, J. K, d. April 4, 1863. 
Kirkiand, John, d'. Feb. 5. 1862. 
Vaughan, W. O.. d. Feb. 8, 1862. 
Chapman, T. M., d. Aug. 19, 1862. 



COMPANY K. 
Captain, J. B. Lindsey. 
1862. ; Vick. J. W., d. June 11, 1802. 

i Clayton, J. C, d. May 10, 1862. 
Gower. W. F., d. May 1, 1863. 
i Johoston, R. H., d. June 20, 1862. 
| Riddell. W. M., d. June 22, 1862. 
| Tripp, L. F., <i. March 18, 1802. 
j Pennington. J. J., d. Jan. 8, 1862. 
I Bullion, J. C, d. Feb. 14, 1862. 
! Phipps, Gardner M., d. March 2, 1862. 
1 McCrary, Thomas, d. Feb. 27, 1862. 



FORTY-NINTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

By Polk. G. Johnson, Clarksville, Tenn. 



Just before the war the people of Montgomery county were almost unanimously 
in favor of preserving the Federal Union; but when President Lincoln called for 
troops to subdue the South, there was a complete revolution in public feeling. At 
the election held for "separation" or "no separation," they were almost unani- 
mous. I remember but one vote in the whole county for "separation." The 
spirit of the people was high. Every man able to speak spoke in opposition to 
the proclamation of the President, and advised resistance. The women were 
equally enthusiastic, and encnuraged their husbands and sons to take part with 
their Southern friends. The little boys and girls evinced their sympathy with 
this feeling by wearing cockades, some of blue ribbon and a palmetto branch as 
representative of South Carolina, and some of red ribbon with corn-shucks and 
corn as representative of Tennessee. 

During this excitement Gov. Harris made a call for troops, which was promptly 
responded to, Col. Wm. A. Forbes organizing the gallant Fourteenth Tennessee 
Pegimer.t, which was forwarded to Virginia. 

Col. Forbes was then a professor in Stewart College, Clarksville, and all the 
students were anxious to join him; but he would not allow the boys to ge to war 
without the consent of their parents. At this they were indignant, thinking the 
restriction uncalled for. 



552 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Leave not our Bires to stem the unequal fi<jht, 
Whosp limbs art nerjp&d no more with buoyant might 
Nor lagging backward let the younger breast 
Permit, the map. of age (a sight unblessed) 
To welter in the combat's foremost thrust, 
His hoary head disheveled in the dust, 
And venerable bosom bleeding bare. 

He, however, allowed the boys in college to drill, and thus they were prepar- 



ing for the conflict ahead. Stewart College, now the South-western Presbyterian 
University, had its buildings and its campus in the city limits of Clarksville. 
The excitement which prevailed over the whole country was nowhere gTeater 
than in Clarksville, and the boys fully participated in it. 

The boys had to submit only for a short time, as the Governor had to make a 
second call. When this call Avas made James E. Bailey, of Clarksville, then upon 
the Military Board of the State, at Nashville, came to Clarksville to raise a com- 
pany, which was done in a few days; and on the 29th day of November, 1861, he 
organized a company of one hundred and twenty-one men, and was elected Cap- 
j tain. 

The spirit of the boys would not permit them to remain at home. No longer 
were groups of boys in the college, earnest in their studies, to he seen under the 
shade of the old oaks in the college campus, engaged with their books; no longer 
the idle in gay conversation upon the steps of the college. The whole scene was 
changed. Books were thrown away, and the grounds became a champ de Mars. 
The tramp of the soldier, the commands of the officer (Prof. Wm. A. Forbes) 
were alone to be seen or heard upon the grounds or in the halls; and the same 
spirit animated all the boys not in college. No wonder, then, that they made 
such prompt response to the call. 

Col. Wm. A. Forbes, of the Fourteenth Tennessee, afterward killed at the sec- 
ond battle of Manassas, had prepared these boys for active service. Of thirty-two 
boys in the college department of its last catalogue of 1S59-G0, twenty-nine en- 
tered the Confederate army, leaving but three who did not. Of this twenty-nine 
all were faithful. There were killed in battle sixteen; died by disease, seven; 
total deaths, twenty-three; survivors, six. 

The above is written to show the material of which the gallant old Forty-ninth. 

,, Tennessee was made, this being the first company (A). The other companies 

were composed of material equally as good. On the 6th day of December, 1S'3I, 



this company left Clarksville on a steam-boat for Fort Donelson, amidst the shouts 
of the citizens, the waving of the handkerchiefs of the ladies, and the firing of 
guns from the fort at Red River, and arrived at Fort Donelson that night. Thus 
commenced the organization of the Forty-ninth Tennessee Regiment. 

In December, 1861, it was organized by the election of James E. Bailey, Col- 
onel; Alfred Robb, Lieutenant-colonel; and D. A. Lynn, Major. R. E. Douglass 
was appointed Adjutant, and Dr. W. B. Williams, Surgeon. The regiment was 
composed of the following companies: A, Captain James E. Bailey, of Montgom- 
ery county; B, Captain T. K. Grimsby, of Dickson county; C, Captain M. V. 
Fyke, of Robertson county; D, Captain J. B. Cording, of Diekson county; E, 
Captain J. M. Peaeher, of Montgomery county; F, Captain D. A. Lynn, of Mont- 
gomery county; Gr, Captain Wm. F. Young, of Montgomery county; II, Captain 
Pugh Haynes, of Montgomery county; l t Captain T. A. Napier, of Benton county; 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 553 

K, Captain Wm. Shaw, of Cheatham county. A Chaplain was not appointed 
until after the reorganization in 1362, when the Rev. James H. MeXeilly, now 
pastor of the Moore Memorial Church, Nashville, was appointed. No soldier 
discharged his duty better than this "man of God," who ministered to the wound- 
ed on every field of battle, and in the immediate presence of the enemy. F.'P. 
MeWhirter acted as Adjutant during the battle of Fort Donelson. E. T. Free- 
man was appointed First Lieutenant and Adjutant at Clinton, Miss., and won the 
admiration of the whole command by his gallant conduct on every field. 

After the reorganization in 1862 Dr. L. L. Lindsey was appointed Surgeon, and 
Dr. It. S. Napier Assistant Surgeon. 

After its organization the regiment remained at Fort Donelson, drilling, build- 
ing fortification^, etc., until the battle of Fort Donelson, except that two compa- 
nies were sent to Fort Henry, but ordered back before the attack on Fort Henry. 
When the enemy *as moving on Fort Donelson a part of the regiment (volun- 
teers) were sent out as cavalry under the command of Col. X. Brandon, of the 
Fourteenth Tennessee, who was at home on leave of absence, and had a skirmish 
with them, when they were worsted with a loss of six or eight wounded and ten 
or twelve captured. 

During the battle of Fort Donelson the regiment was in the fort supporting the 
water batteries, under the command of the gallant Captains Reuben Ross, Thos. 
H. Beaumont, and B. G. Bidwell, until Saturday evening, PVoruary 15, 1862, when 
the Federals captured our works on the right, and were rapidly advancing upon 
the fort. Col. Bailey, then commanding the fort, promptly ordered the Forty- 
ninth and Fiftieth Tennessee regiments to attack the enemy, which was gallantly 
done, and the enemy driven back to the works. In this attack Lieutenant-colonel 
Alfred Robb, of the Forty-ninth Tennessee, was mortally wounded by the si<le of 
Col. Bailey, his old law partner. No braver or better soldier or man ever died. 
He went into the battle upon a large white horse, and being himself a very lar^e 
man, was a fine target for the sharp-shooters. He was shot through the breast by 
one of these, and when shot put his hand on his breast, and saying he was shot 
started to the rear. Several men followed him, and he would have fallen from 
his horse in fifty yards but for their assistance. The men managed to get him to 
his quarters. During the night he was carried to the boats at Dover to be sent to 
Clarksville with the other wounded. Two boats were at the wharf, one fastened to 
the bank and the other on the side of this boat. He was placed on the first boat 
to be carried through to the second; in crossing from the one to the other the 
boats separated — the men holding his less let loose and his body fell into the river, 
and he would have been drowned had it not been for his faithful old colored serv- 
ant (uncle Abram Robb) who, holding his arms, pulled him into the boat. He 
died at his home February 17th, 1862. Uncle Abram still lives, respected by both 
white and black. 

We were surrendered with the army on February 16, and sent to prison — the 
field officers to Fort Warren, the other officers to Johnson's Island, and the pri- 
vates to Camp Douglas, Chicago, 111. 

The privates were exchanged September 17, 1862, at Vieksburg, Miss., where 
they met their officers, who had been exchanged in Virginia. The regiment was 
reorganized at Clinton, Miss., September 29, 1862, when Col. James E. Bailey was 
a^ain elected Colonel. 



554 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

In about ten days we were ordered to Corinth, Miss., to reenforce General \'aa 
Dorn, then about to attack the enemy at Corinth; but only reached Holly Springs, 

and were there halted, us our army had been defeated and were retreating. 

From Holly Springs the regiment was ordered to Port Hudson, La., and arrived 
there in October, 1S02. It sustained the severe bombardment of March 14, Ink., 
when Commodore Farragut succeeded in passing our batteries with two gun-boats. 
Soon after this Colonel Bailey, who had been sick for several month-, resign* i, 
and in August, 1864, was appointed one of the judges of the military court at- 
tached to Hardee's corps. 

We were ordered from Port Hudson April 6, 1803, and marched to Jack- n. 
Miss., by way of Brookhavem At that point we made a detour to the Southern 
railroad, Jackson then having been captured by Gen. Grant. We were irkh 
the first infantry command which entered Jackson after Grant left the place and 
besieged Vieksburg. We were placed in Loring\s division, and served through 
the Mississippi campaign with Johnston's army, taking part in the engagements 
around Jackson from July 10 to 10, 1803. After the retreat from Jackson we 
were ordered to Mobile, Ala., arriving there September 1, 1303. Here Capt. W. 
F. Young was promoted to the command of the regiment. From Mobile we were 
ordered to the Army of Tennessee, and arrived at Missionary Ridge November 
24, 1803; and though ordered into battle, it was too late, as our army had then 
been defeated. Retreated with the army to Dalton, and were placed in Gen. 
John C. Breckinridge's division. On January 14, 1804, were ordered to Mobile, 
arriving there January 21. Were then sent to Gen. Polk's army in Mississij . i 
to meet Gen. Sherman's advance through that State, joining the army at Brandon, 
and placed in Gen. French's division. We retreated with Gen. Polk's army to 
near Meridian, Miss., where we were again ordered to Mobile. From Mobile we 
were ordered to the Army of Tennessee, reaching it May 20, 1804, and taking 
part in the Georgia campaign under Johnston and Hood, being in the engage- 
ments of New Hope Church, May 27, 1804; Pine Mountain, June 15; Kennesav 
Mountain, June 26; Smyrna Depot, July 4; Peach-tree Creek, Atlanta, July 20: 
and Lick-skillet road, Atlanta, July 28. 

In the last battle the ln>ses of the regiment were greater than in any other en- 
gagement during the war, unless it be that at Franklin. 

Col. W. F. Young lost an arm while gallantly leading a charge upon the ene- 
my, and many good and brave men were killed and wounded. The colors of the 
regiment had thirty-two shots through it, and two or three through the tL?- 
staff. 

In this battle the Forty-second and Forty-ninth Tennessee regiments were 
consolidated under the command of Col. Young, of the Forty-ninth, and being on 
the right of Quarles's brigade met and checked the advance of the enemv; i\n t \ 
such was the havoc that in less than fifteen minutes almost every officer was killed 
or wounded, and Capt. Thomas H. Smith, of the Forty-ninth, seventh from sen- 
iority when the fight began, found himself in command. Notwithstanding the 
terrible onset, the troops maintained their position without shelter under heavy 
fire for several hours, when they withdrew in perfect order to a new line about one 
hundred yards in rear of their position. 

The writer, as Acting Assistant Adjutant-general of Quarles's brigade, of which 
the Forty-ninth was a part, made an official report to division head-quarters <>n 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Boll; 



o>jo 



the following morning, a copy of which L-. now in his possession, and shows: The 
effective strength of the brigade going into battle, 913; killed, 76; wounded. 400; 
missing, 19; total, 495. 

It will be remembered that at this time the commands which had been raised 
in territory subsequently occupied by the enemy, and held in his possession from 
an early period of the war, had been unable to recruit their ranks, and so had 
been reduced to mere skeletons, and a brigade was about equal to nn ordinary reg- 
iment. More than one-half of the men of the brigade were killed or wounded 
in this action. 

In connection with this engagement it would be unjust not to mention the ac- 
tion of the gallant Mississippi battery, commanded by tiie noble Yates, which 
supported the regiment and the rest of Quaries's brigade. This battery was 
greatly impeded in its march to the field by the road being rilled with troops, but 
by the energy of its gallant Captain was up in time for the charge. As soon as it 
reached the field it opened upon the enemy under a terrible fire of artillery and 
musketry, and in less than five minutes eighteen were killed or wounded. It 
suffered greatly afterward, and won not only the admiration of the regiment, but 
of Quarles and staff and all who saw its action. 

From this time the regiment continued with Hood's army to the end of the 
Georgia campaign, and went with it to the campaign ending at the Alabama line. 
Crossed the Chattahooche River at Pumpkin Town, and advanced to Big Shanty, 
taking part in the capture of that garrison, and also in the action at Acworth, and 
assisted in destroying ten or fifteen miles of railroad. The command then marched 
to Resaea, and thence to Dalton, via Sugar Valley Post-office, and were engaged 
in the destruction of the railroad until the surrender of Dalton, on October 13. 
It was with Gen. Hood during his march to Tuscumbia, Ala., and was upon the 
banks of the Tennessee one month after its departure from Pumpkin Town. 

After crossing the Tennessee River, the regiment was with Gen. Hood during 
the Tennessee campaign, taking part in all the engagements of his army. It was 
in the battle of Franklin, Nov. 30, 1864. The regiment went into battle under 
the command of Lieut.-col. Thomas M. Atkins, who had been promoted from 
First Lieutenant to Captain of Company A (Bailey's old company), and to Lieu- 
tenant-colonel of the regiment at Big Shanty. He had the love and affection of 
the whole command, and the regiment did its duty nobly. Capt. R. T. Coulter, 
of Company G, was acting Adjutant, and was killed in the charge near the gin- 
house, where the bravest of the regiment fell. Capt. R. Y. Johnson, of Company 
F, who was severely wounded at Franklin, and saved the colors of the regiment, 
furnished me with a copy of the Chattanooga Rebd of Jan. 15, 1S65, which gives a 
list of the killed, wounded, and rais>ing. This paper says: ''Killed, twenty; 
wounded, thirty-six; missing, thirty -six; total ninety-two. The regiment went 
into battle with one hundred and eight guns and twenty-one officers. Several of 
those in the list of missing are known to have been wounded." The men acted 
well — many of them were taken prisoners within the enemy's breastworks, and 
l< these had been gloriously led by their officers, many of whom had fallen either 
upon or near the Federal breastworks, dying as the brave should prefer to die, in 
the intense and exalted excitement of battle.'' 

It then moved with Hood to Nashville, and took part in the engagement there. 
Dec. 10, 1864. and retreated with his armv after its defeat, in Walthall's division. 



MlLITABY A>'NALS OF TENNESSEE. 



On the 20th of Dec, 1864, it came under the orders of Gen. Forrest, command- 
ing the rear-guard, and was engaged on the 24th in the battle south of Lynnvflle, 
and the engagements at Anthony's Hill and Sugar Creek. Another has said: 
" Each Confederate officer and soldier appeared to act and fight as if the fat? of the 
army depended on his individual conduct. And never were there manifested 
higher soldierly virtues than by Forrest's heroic band — including the infantry. . . . 
The men marched barefooted in many cases, often waist-deep in ice-cold water, 
while sleet beat upon their heads and shoulders." The same writer says of Sugar 
Creek: "The creek was about saddle-skirt deep, and through it the Federal cav- 
alry dashed rearward without regard to any ford, and after them followed "\\ ai- 
thall's dauntless men, charging waist-deep through the icy water." 

The regiment then retreated with Hood's army to Tupelo, l&iss., and remained 
there until ordered to North Carolina, to join Johnston's army. Took part in the 
battle of Bentonville, on March 19, 186-5, and was surrendered with the other 
remnants of that army. 

This ends my brief sketch of the Forty-ninth Tennessee Regiment, a gallant. 

noble organization of true and loyal men, of whom, as a part of Quarles's brir.iae, 

after one of their bloody encounters, it was said by Gen. Hood: "They belong ::> 

a brigade that has never lost a picket line, nor given back in the presence of the 

I enemy." 

When I think of them as they stood in line at their first dress-parade on the 
bloody field of Doneison, my mind recurs to the poet from whom I must make 

a second quotation: 

Few, few shall part where many meet! 
The snow shal! be their winding-sheet, 
And every turf beneath their feet 
Shall be a soldier's sepulcher. 



Official] Forty-ninth Tennessee Infantry. 

Colonel, James E. Bailey; Lieutenant-colonel, T. K. Grigsby; Major, David A. Lynn ; A i 
tant, F. P. MeWhirter; Quartermaster, G. S. Atkins; Surgeon, L. L. Lindsey; Chaplain. •'. 
MeNeilly. 



COMPANY A. 
Captain, J. B. Howard 



Darnell, Edward, d. a prisoner of war. 
Morrison, J. S., d. a prisoner of war. 
Riggirs, G. T., d. a prisoner of war. 
Bumpous, Y., d. a pvisoner of war. 
Avritt, Richard, d. a prisoner of war. 



Smith, Isaac, d. Sept. 15, 1S62. 
Talar, T. J., d. May 6, 1862. 
Chasteen, John, d. March 1, 1862. 
Harris, George, d. March, 1862. 
Sheperd, William L., d. July, I860. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, R. H. McLelland. 



Cunningham, A. J., d. a prisoner of war. 
Clymer, C. J., d. a pri.-oner of war. 
Ford, W. D., d. a prisoner of war. 
Ham, J. W., d. a prisoner of war. 
Harris, J. T., d. a prisoner of war. 
Cunningham, E. L., d. Jan. 8, 1863. 
Harrod, M. G., d. April, 1863. 



Linsay, J. M., d. Sept. 17, 1863. 
Link, Robert, d. Sept. 7, 1S62. 
McCall, John B., d. June 6, 1362. 
Spradlin, A. O., d. March 14-, 1862. 
Williams, J. W.. d. March, LB62. 
White. W. H., d. March, 1863. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, R. Y. Johnson. 
Blsnton, G. W M d. Feb. 28, 1302. ; Dupree, E. G., d. March 15, 1862. 

Atkins, J. G., d. Jan. 26, 1863. ! Dickson, R. C, d. Sept. 2, 1862. 



L 



Begimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 557 



Dtmwiddy, J. S., d. Feb. ], 1862. 

Farmer, H., d. Feb., 1S82. 
Hagood, R. T., d. Nov. S, 1S02. 
Pace, M. J., d. Aug- ill, 1862. 
Stephens, T. H., d. March 10, 1802. 
Smith, E. G., d. Mjirqh, 1862. 
Taylor, H. N„ d. Feb. 1, ISC2. 
Walker, G. W. T., d. Dec. 2, 1862. 
[Unofficial.] 



Maury, Sergt. W. A., k. at Franklin, Oct. GO, 
1864. 

Knight, Wm., d. in prison. 

Matthews, Jasper, d. at home, 1862. 

Murphy, A. C, d. in hospital, 1863. 

Porter, G. W., d. in prison, 1864. 

Prest, James, d. in prison, 1862. 

Powell, Wiley, mortally wounded at Fort Don- 
elson, Feb. 2, 1862. 



Morris, First Lieut. T. J., d. in hospital at Mo- j Thomas, J. M., d. in hospital, 1863 



bile, A1h., Nov., 1S63. 



Brown, J. H., d. March 16, 1862 

Burton, W. H., d. Feb. 25, 1862. 

Daniel, J. J., d. 

Dunnington, T. J., d. 

Frasier, N. C., d. 

Frasier, M. H., d. 

Grantum, M., d. 

Howard, W. B., d. 

Gartier, D. P., d. 

Manglin. E. B. : d. 

Nash, J. \V. R., d. 



Rowland, G. W., k. at Fort Donelson. 
Williams, J. B., d. at Camp Douglas. 
Powe!!, Albert, d. at Camp Douglas. 
Powell, N. D., d. at Camp Dousias. 
Jeunett, J. R., d. at Camp Douglas. 
Burks, H. J., d. at Camp Douglas. 



I Porter, J. H., d. in prison, 1861. 

COMPANY D. 
Captain, R. H, Dunlap. 

| Sugg, S. W., d. March 22, 1863. 
Sigmore, J. W., d. April 22, 1862. 
Sender's, H. W., d. March 20, 1862. 
Thompson. J. M., d. 
Thompson, J. L., J. Sept. 4, 1863. 
Thedford, J. W. B.. d. May 22, 1862. 
Walker, J. L., d. Feb. 11. 1862. 
Wiley, J. K. P., d. September 8, 1862. 
W T a!ker, R., d. March 30. 1862. 
Walker, J. N., d. April 16, 1863. 

COMPANY E. 

Captain, J. W. Wall. 

Powers, E. H., d. at Camp Douglns. 
Davenport, W. H., d. at Camp Douglas. 
Hamrick. Hiram, d. Sept. 16, 1862. 
Dilling. J. J., d. Manm 3, 1362. 
Fletcher, W. H., d. at Alton, 111. 



Powell, W. P., d. Feb. 28, 1862. 
Priest, J. T., d. Feb. 28, 1862. 
Knight, W. H., d. March 15, 1S63. 



COMPANY F. 
iptain, H. V. Harrison. 

J Harris, Samuel, d. July 11, 1862. 
j Higgs, T. R., d. March 14, 1862. 
| Mathews, M. V., d. Jan. 24, 1862. 

COMPANY G. 
Captain, Thomas M. Atkins. 
Anderson, J. C, k. at Fort Donelson. 
Damaron, John, k. at Fort Donelson. 
Farley, John T., k. at Fort Donelson. 
Ricon. Charles D., d. Jan. IS, 1863. 
Boothe, Isaac D., d. Jan. 25, 1863. 
Hutchison, J. A., d. April, 1862. 
Haakins, R. J., d. a prisoner of war. 
Hackney, Stephen, d. a prisoner of war. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, Thomas H. Smith. 
Darnell, George W., k. at Fort Donelson. j Smith, Williamson, d. Jan., 186* 



j Heath ington, F. E., d. October, 1862 
i Helm, J. W., d. Feb. 9, 1863. 

Orgain, B. D.. d. March 11,1863. 
j White, B. F., d. 
i Harris, Wm., d. Sept., 1863. 
j Harris, James, d. Feb. 1, 1862. 

Harris. John, d. Feb., 1862. 

Orgain, John, d. 



Smith, Joseph, d. May 9, 1863. 
Tippett, M. i'., d. March 6, 1862. 



Heater, J. W. O., k. at Fort Donelson. 
Low, J., d. May 21, 1862. 
Price, James, d. March, 1862. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, Isaac Anderson. 
Allva, Newton, d. a prisoner of war. ! Gulley. J. R„ d. a prisoner of war. 

Alexander. H. W.. d. a prisoner of war. ' Cox, S. hf., d. a prisoner of war. 






558 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Tiner, J. C, d. a prisoner of .var 
Allen, Joseph, d. Jan. 11, 1S6-J. 
Bailey, Wesley, d. July 15, 1862. 
Butter William, d. Feb. 13, 1862. 
Curtis, Joshua, d. 
Vincent, H. C, d. 
Irby, J. H., d. Oct. 30, 1802. 
Lewi?, J. H., d. March 4, 18o2. 



Swan, Samuel, k. at Fort Donelson. 
Harris, John, d. Nov. 1861. 
Denny, Robert, d. Dec. 27, 1862. 
Jones, Jacob, d. Jan. 5, 1862. 
Read, David, d. Feb. 1, 1862. 
Harris, Willis, d. Feb., 1862. 
Vanhook. Joseph, d. a prisoner of war. 
Clir'ton, B. J., d. a prisoner of war. 
i'oonhon, John W., d. a prisoner of war. 
Nicholson, W. D., d. a prisoner of war. 
Teasley, James A., d. a prisoner of war. 



Prater, John, d. June 2, 1882. 

I'acey, R. C, d. 

Roberts, T. A., d. May 28, 1863. 

Smith, G. W., d. 

Smith, Nathan, d. Aug. 11, 1862, 

Patson, VV. H., d. Aug. 8, 1862. 

Dalton, James, d. March 10, 1302. 



COMPANY K. 
Captain, W. B. Evans. 

Read, L. L., d. Sept. 18, 18B2. 

E!li3, R. W., d. Oct. 10, 1862. 

Maxey, Merritt. d. Oct. 12, 1862. 

Watson, Talton, d. Oct. 14, 1862. 

fludgins, R. A., d. Jan., 1863. 

Hunt, B. W.,d. Feb. 7, \6b-i. 
| Denney, J. C-, d. Feb. 9, 1863. 
| Maxey, James, d. Feb. 22, 1863. 
', Fox, W. Z., d. May 24. 1863. 
! Williams, W.S., d. July 0, 1363. 
! Plaster, N. T, d. July 15, 1863. 



FIFTIETH TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

By C. W. Tyler, Clakxsville, Tens. 

In the early fall of 1861 a few companies of infantry under command of Col. 
Randall "W. McGavock, of Nashville, were stationed at Fort Donelson. on the 
Cumberland River, about thirty miles below Clarksrille, Tenri * This command 
was known as McGavock's battalion, and was the nucleus of the Fiftieth Tennes- 
see Regiment, which afterward became the garrison regiment at Donelson. Lieut. 
J. H. Holmes was the Adjutant of this battalion; Clay Roberts, Quartermaster; 
Thomas Shameral, Commissary; and Lieut. George" vV. Pease, a gallant young 
Pennsylvania:}, who had left home and come South just previous to the breaking 
out of the war, was acting by appointment of Governor Harris as drill-master of 
the raw troops. Although he was a stranger and from the North, this young paac 
soon became very popular with all the soldiers. He served with the regiment 
during the entire war, and rose to the rank of Lieutenant-colonel. For the brave 
stand which he took in behalf of the South, his father disinherited hirn; and after 
the war, his family, except one sister, refused to see him or to allow him to visit 
them. He died in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1874 or 1875. 

On the night of November 19th, 1861, at 10 o'clock, the company to which I be- 
longed (afterward Co. E of the Fiftieth) left Clarksville for Fort Donelson to join 
McGavock's battalion. At 2 o'clock the next morning we reached the landing fit 
Donelson, and climbed the muddy hill to the fort, prepared to play our part in the 
great drama. 

From time to time other companies were added to ours, and at length on Christ- 
mas day, 1861, we organized as a regiment by the election of field officers. The 
new regiment was called the Fiftieth Tennessee, and the companies were com- 
manded as follows : Co. A, Capt. T. W. Beaumont, Montgomery county; Co. B, 



* Evident! v a mistake. See Clarl 



;ecch of the Tenth Regiment, page 2Si 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 559 

Capt. George W. Stacker, Stewart county; Co. C (an Alabama company), Capt. 
Jackson; Co. D, Capt. Sum Graham, Stewart county; Co. E, Capt. C. A. Sugg, 
Montgomery county; Co. F, Capt. A. Richards, Stewart county; Co. G, Capt. 
Gould, Cheatham county; Co. IT, Capt. II. C. Lockert, Stewart county; Co. I, 
Capt. Win. Martin, Stewart county; Co. K, Capt. A. Wilson, Humphreys county. 

Capt. George W. Stacker, of Co. B, a man of considerable wealth, who had uni- 
formed his own company and otherwise greatly aided the Stewart county volun- 
teers, was'eleeted Colonel of the regiment. Capt. Cyrus A. Susrg, of Co. E, was 
elected Lieutenant-colonel; and Capt. II. C. Lockert. of Co. H, Major. Lieut. 
C. W. Robertson, of Co. A., was appointed Adjutant; Billy Morris, of Co. D, Ser- 
geant-major; Robert L. Cobb, Ordnance Sergeant; Clay Roberts, Quartermaster; 
Jo. Newberry, Commissary; Dr. Gould, Surgeon; and Dr. W. B. Mills, Assistant 
Surgeon. 

To fill the vacancies created by the election of regimental officers, Lieut. A. 
All man was elected Captain of Co. B; Lieut. John B. Dortch, Captain of Co. E; 
and Lieut. E. Sexton, Captain of Co. H. Col. Stacker resigned just one month 
after his election, and Lieut.-col. Sugg was then promoted to full Colonel, Lockert 
to Lieutenant-colonel, and Adjutant C. W. Robertson was elected Major. Lieut. 
T. E. Mallory, of Co. E, was appointed Adjutant in Robertson's stead. 

We had built log-liuts and gone into winter-quarters inside the fort, and were 
quite comfortable. Our friends in Clarksville sent us good things by nearly even- 
boat; and some of the companies of the regiment were raised in the immediate 
vicinity of the fort, and their friends and relatives visited them frequently. 

On January 10th, 1SG2, we marched to Fort Henry, twelve miles across the 
country, on the Tennessee River. We returned in about ten days, and on Febru- 
ary 6th were ordered back, but learned of the surrender of the fort and of our 
brigade commander, Gen. Tilghman, before we reached it. 

On the 11th Forrest's battalion of cavalry had a tight near Fort Donelson, kill- 
ing two or three Federals and capturing one. This man when brought in was a 
show. He was the first man in blue uniform we had ever seen, but the sight of 
them soon become common enough. 

During the battle of Fort Donelson, which took place February 14th and loth, 
1S62, the regiment remained most of the time in the fori. Capt. Beaumont's 
company (A .) was detailed to man the heavy guns at the river, and had a terrific 
artillery duel with the enemy's gun-boats, finally driving them back and foiling 
them in their efforts to pass the fort. Lieut. W. C. Allen, of Capt. Beaumont'.? 
company, was complimented in an official report for his gallantry on this oc- 
casion. 

On the evening of the loth four companies — B, C, D, and E — were sent out to 
reenforce Col. Roger Hanson's Second Kentucky Regiment, which had been liter- 
ally cut to pieces. The Forty-ninth Tennessee was with us, and Lieut.-col. Alfred 
Robb of that regiment was killed on the occasion. That night about 12 o'clock 
we evacuated the fort and marched up to Dover, two miles. There we stood 
shivering -in the cold for hours, while the three Generals — Buckner, Floyd, and 
Pillow — held a council of war in the old hotel on the river-bank. The enemy's 
camp-fires blazed brightly all around us, and looked cheerful enough as we stamped 
our feet in the snow. We expected orders to cut our way through them, but in- 
stead we were ordered back to the fort, and reached it just before daylight. In a 



560 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

short while a courier came from General Buckner to Colonel Sugg with an order 
to raise a white flag over the fort. Curses Loth loud and deep followed this 
intelligence. There was no white flag in the regiment, nobody expecting to need 
one, but Ordnance Sergeant B. L. Cobb had a white sheet, winch was run up at 
daylight. Xearly half the regiment escaped from the f«.>rt. All the field officers, 
and about five hundred and fifty others, men and officers, remained and were sur- 
rendered, The regimental officers were sent to Fort Warren, the company officers 
to Johnson's Island, and the non-commissioned officers and privates* to Camp 
Douglas, Chicago. All that summer they remained in prison. On September 18. 
1862, the regiment Avas exchanged at Vicksburg, Miss., and officers and men once 
more met on the soil of the Confederacy. 

On the 20th at Jackson, Miss., the regiment was reorganized. The company 
officrs were as follows: Co. A, Capt. W. C. Allen, Montgonery county; Co. B, 
Capt. George W. Pease, Pennsylvania; Co. C, Capt. Jackson. Alabama; Co. D, 
Capt. Sam Graham, Stewart county; Co. E, Capt. T. E. Mallory, Montgomery 
county; Co. F, Capt. James Dunn, Stewart county; Co. G, Capt. Tom Mays, 
Cheatham county; Co. H, Capt. E. Sexton, Stewart county; Co. I, Capt. Sam 
Allen, Stewart county; Co. K, Capt. Curtis, Humphreys county. 

On the 24th an election was held for regimental officers. Col. Sugg and Major 
Kobertson were both reelected. Capt. T. W. Beaumont was elected Lieutenant- 
colonel; Lieut. "Williams, of Co. H, was appointed Adjutant: J. B. Sugg, Quarter- 
master; John L. W. Power, Commissary; W. Turner, Sergeant-major; Cave 
Morris, Ordnance Sergeant; and Dr. R. D. McCauley, Surgeon. 

October 8th the regiment was sent by rail to Corinth to reenforce Gen. Van 
Dorn; found that officer retreating, and fell back with him to Grenada, having sev- 
eral severe skirmishes with the enemy. On December 24th Jefferson Davis and 
Gen. Joseph Johnston reviewed the troops, and the next day they were ordfivd 
to Vicksburg. Fought the enemy under Gen. Sherman on the 2?th, and drove 
them back to their gun-boats. 

In November, 1S62, a month previous, the regiment had been temporarily con- 
solidated with the First Tennessee Battalion, of which S. II. Colms, of Sparta, was 
Major, and John W. Childress, now of Nashville, was Adjutant. Dr. R. T. Roth- 
rock, now of Nashville, was Surgeon of the consolidated regiment and battalion. 

On January 5, 1863, the men were ordered to Port Hudson, Louisiana, and re- 
mained there four months. When the Federal gun-boat "fndianola"' ran by the 
batteries at Vicksburg and showed herself above Port Hudson, Col. Beaumont 
offered to take the Fiftieth and either capture or destroy her, but the offer was 
refused. On the night of March 14th occurred, a most terrific bombardment that 
shook the earth and illuminated the heavens. No grander or more awful specta- 
cle could well be imagined. 

On May 2d the regiment left Port Hudson and marched on foot to Jackson, 
Mississippi. 

On May 12th, at Raymond, Mississippi, occurred a warm engagement with the 
Federals, in which the Fiftieth took an active part. During most of the engage- 
ment it was detached from the rest of the brigade, and for rive hours held the en- 
emy in check. Col. Sugg commanded the brigade during this action, and Liev.t.- 
col. Tom Beaumont was in command of the regiment. During the engagement 
he was wounded in the head and knocked down. Two men stepped from the 



L 






Regimental Histories and Memorial Bolls. 561 

ranks to carry him hack, supposing him dead, but he sprung to his feet and, order- 
ing them into line, resumed command of his regiment. 

At Jackson, some days after, Major Boberteon, of the Fiftieth, commanded the 
skirmish line and made a gallant stand against a large force of Federals, for which 
he was complimented in an official order by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. The reg- 
iment remained in Mississippi until September, ISoo, when it, was sent to Georgia 
to reenforee Gen. Bragg. On the way the train on which the Fiftieth was carried 
came in collision with another at Big Shanty, Ga., and thirteen men were killed 
and seventy-five wounded. Capt. T. E. Mai lory, of Co. E, was among the dan- 
gerously wounded, but afterward recovered. 

September 18 the regiment reached Bragg' s army, on the eve of the battle of 
Chickamauga, and next morning went into the tight. It was nearly annihilated. 
A letter now before me, written by Col. Sugg, Oct. 10, 1SG3, says: "We were 
in it three hours; one hundred and eighty-six men went into the fight, fifty-four 
only came out. Col. Beaumont and Maj. Robertson killed, Maj. Colms severely 
wounded, Cant. "Williams killed, Lieuts. Hays and "Whitley killed, Lieut. White 
will probably die, Capts. Pease and Sexton wounded, Lieut. Holmes Wilson se- 
verely wounded, Lieut. Wheatly wounded, and a host of men, amon? them Sam 
and George Dunn; George Hornborger and John Crunk killed; Isbeil missing; 
John Benton, Billy Boiseau, George Warfield, Bob MeReynolds, John Willough- 
by, Holt Franklin, and Robert J. Franklin, wounded." 

Col. Sugg commanded the brigade in this action, and in an official report Gen. 
Hill, corps commander, gave him the credit of capturing ten steel guns from the 
enemy. Beaumont fell early in the action, and Maj. Robertson tuok command 
of the regiment. Fie ordered his men to drag these captured guns to the summit 
of the ridge, and turning them on the now retreating foe, he put them to flight. 
Again on Tuesday morning, when the enemy was making an obstinate resistance 
in a dense thicket, another Confederate brigade, which had been ordered to dis- 
lodge them, refused to advance. The men of this brigade were then ordered to 
lie down, and Trigg's brigade, commanded by Col. Sugg, with a yell charged over 
their friends, and into the enemy's lines, and drove them from their position. 
Here Maj. Robertson fell mortally wounded, and Col. Sugg was struck four times, 
though not seriously injured. 

The loss of the two brave officers, Col. Beaumont and Maj. Robertson, was seri- 
ously felt by the regiment. These two heroes had gone out as officers; in the same 
company. One was Captain and the other was Fir^t Lieutenant of Company A. 
They were last friends in life, and in death they were not divided. No braver 
and nobler man ever offered up his life for any cause than Lieut. -col. Thomas W. 
Beaumont. He was one of four brothers who entered the Confederate service, three 
of whom were killed in battle. He was born and reared in Clarksville, Tenn. ; 
studied law, but had adopted journalism as a profession, and at the time of the 
breaking out of the war was the editor of the Sashi-ille Banner, the most promi- 
nent Whig paper in the State. He was a man of high intelligence and cour- 
age, and never faltered upon what lie thought to be the path of duty for fear of 
consequences. 

Maj. Christopher W. Robertson was a native of Dickson county, Tenn., and had 
just graduated with high honors at the Lebanon law school when the call to 
arms came. To my mind he was the noblest Roman of them all; brave and tiriu 
06 



56'2 MilitaIvY Annals of Tennessee. 






and self-reliant — proud without arrogance, pious without hypocrisy, intelligent 
without display; lie was as modest and gentle as a woman, yet utterly fearless 
in danger. Wben he stepped to the front and gave the word of command, all 

obeyed him, for lie was a born leader of men; and yet he was a brother to the 
humblest soldier in the ranks. In the twenty-third year of his age, in front of 
his regiment, and leading his men on to victory, he fell to rise no more. 

Green be the turf above ihee, 

Friend of my better davs; 
None knew thee but to love thee, 

None named thee but to praise. 

A few weeks after the fight at Chiekamauga came the battle of Missionary 
Kidge, Nov. 25, 1803, and the regiment again suffered severely. Here Col. Sugg 
was mortally wounded and taken from the field. Fletcher Beaumont, the Adju- 
tant, and a younger brother of Col. Beaumont, while leading a charge, was killed 
with the battle-flag in his hands. Lieut. Joel Ruffin, of Company E, was shot 
through both legs, and wounded a third time in the thigh. The regiment lost 
many others of its best men. 

Col. Cyrus A. Sugy, who lost his life in this engagement, was a farmer before 
the war, living in District No. 1, Montgomery county. He was twenty-nine 
years of age, remarkably intelligent, popular with all his neighbors, and beloved 
by all the men when he took command of the regiment. He was cool and col- 
lected in the hour of danger; generally went into battle smoking his pipe, and 
never suffered himself to become excited during an engagement. After he was 
wounded he was carried back to Marietta, Ga., where he lingered some two 
months, and died in December, 1SG8. 

In these two battles — Chiekamauga and Missionary Kidge — the regiment had 
lost ail its field officers, many of its company officers, and more than half of its 
men. The Fiftieth Tennessee, the First Tennessee Battalion (eoruruanded by 
Maj. 3. H. Colras), and the Fourth Confederate Tennessee (commanded by Lieut.- 
col. O. A. Bradshaw), were then consolidated. S. H. Colms was made Colonel; 
O. A. Bradshaw, Lieut.-col.; and Capt. George W. Pease, of the Fiftieth, was pro- 
moted to be Major of the new regiment John \V. Childress was Adjutant, and 
Dr. E. G. Kothrock, Surgeon; Poston Coats, of Clarksville, was Ordnance Ser- 
geant. After the fall of Atlanta, Col. Colms, on account of ill health, was as- 
signed to post duty at Macon, Ga., when Bradshaw wits promoted to full Colonel, 
and Pease to Lieutenant-colonel. 

During the hard winter of 1863-64 the regiment was in winter-quarters at Dal- 
ton, Ga. In the early spring of 1864 it fell back with the army under Gen. Jo- 
seph E. Johnston, before Sherman's overwhelming force, and participated in all 
" the battles from Dalton to Atlanta, along the line of that famous retreat. At Ke-<aca, 
Calhoun Station, Adairsville, Kingston, New Hope Church, Purnpkin-vine Creek, 
Dead Angle, Peach-tree Creek, in all the battles around Atlanta, and at Jur.es- 
boro, with constantly diminishing ranks, the old Fiftieth faced the enemy. 

Among others, at the terrible spot named by the soldiers "Dead Angle" fell 
young John B. Robertson, the only brother of Maj. C. W. Robertson. He was a 
mere boy, and had been with the regiment only a few days, having come South, 
as he said, to take his brothers place. He was acting as Sergeant-major at the 
time of his death. 






Regimental Histories and Memorial Kolls. 



163 









Capt. John L. W. Power was wounded on the 20th of June. James Easley, of 
Company F, a gallant soldier, and very popular, and many others, whose names J 
cannot now give, were killed. There was no rest for the men day or night, and 
fighting and lying in the trenches had reduced the regiment to a mere skeleton. 

When Gen. Hood took command of the army, and after the terrible fi>riiiing 
around Atlanta issued a stirring address to his soldiers and turned their steps 
northward, the hearts of the Tennesseans beat high with hope. Nashville was to 
be recaptured, and the flag of the Confederacy to float once more over the loved 
ones at home. But it was not to be. At Franklin, and in sight of the Capitol at 
Nashville, blood flowed like water, and brave men fell by hundreds. All in vain! 
Once more the shattered remnant of the army took up its march southward, and 
on New-year's-day, 1S65, the Fiftieth crossed the Tennessee line and stood on the 
soil of Alabama. The handwriting was now on the wall. 

After a few days rest, the command was sent by rail to Smitlitield, X. C, and 
here, in the last days of the Confederacy, the Eleventh, Twelfth, Thirteenth, 
Nineteenth, Fiftieth, Fifty-first, and Fifty-second Tennessee regiments were all 
consolidated into one feeble regiment, which was called the Second Tennessee. 
Bradshaw remained the Colonel of this regiment, and Pease Lieutenant-colonel; 
Rothrock was Surgeon. The men of the Fiftieth and the First Tennessee bat- 
talions, and the Fourth Confederate Tennessee, which had been formerly consol- 
idated., were all placed in one company. This was made the color -company of the 
regiment, and John W. Childress was Captain. 

There was a good deal of skirmishing after this and some heavy fighting, but 
no one had any heart in it. The most ignorant soldier in the army knew that 
the cause was lost, and every life taken was felt to be a useless sacrifice. Still the 
men marched and countermarched, and stood to their colors, and did all they 
could to stay the advance of Sherman's victorious troop?. Then came the news 
of Lee's surrender at Appomattox, and "last scene of all that ends this strange, 
eventful history," the army of old Joe Johnston laid down its arms and gave up 
the fight at Greensboro, N. C, April 26, 1865. 

Bagged and weary and heart-broken, when the men of the old Fiftieth fell into 
line for the hist time, and stacked arms in the presence of the enemy on that 
dreary April morning, only these were left to answer at roll-call: 

Co. A: J. L. .Martin, Boston Couts, A. Black, W. J. Black, W. Trotter, R. R. 
Mills, J. J. Tourin. 

Co. B: B. R. McCauley, C. E. McCauley, E. T. Hale. 

Co. C: Eight men names unknown. This was the Alabama company. 

Co. D: Matt Jones, Alfred Downs, Thomas Cook, "William Wallace, George 
Sanders. 

Co. E: John L. W. Power, W. H. Boiseau, J. H. Willoughby. 

Co. F: James Somers, Sevier. 

Co. G: W. Thompson, Miles Yarbrough, John Hale. 

Co. II: Thomas Broadie, Henry Atkins, James Barnes. 

Co. I: None. 

Co. K: J. J. McCauley, Thomas Cowley, and Rufus Knight. 

The Colonel, Lieutenant-colonel, Major, Adjutant, and a host of other brave 
and true men, all dead — dead as the cause for which they had so long contended. 



5G-1 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Official.] Fiftieth Texxessee Infantry. 

Colonel, S. H. Colms; Lieutenant-colonel, George W. Pease; \djutant, John \V. Childl 
Surgeon, J. B.Sugg; Assistant Surgeon, It. G. Rothrock; Chaplain, J. G. Bolton. 



Allen, B. S., k. at Raymond. 
Atkins, G. F., k. at Raymond. 
Thompson, James, d. a prisoner of war. 
Slaydeu, J. C, d. a prisoner of war. 
Adkius, T. B., d. a prisoner of war. 
Adkins, C, d. a prisoner of war. 
Garrison, George, d. a prisoner of war. 
Hale, G. W., d. a prisoner of war. 
Harvey, W. P., d. a prisoner of war. 
Porter, John, d. a prisoner of war. 
Richardson, J. E., d. a prisoner of war. 
Rainey, J. A., d. a prisoner of war. 
AUbrooks, W. B., d. Oct. 1863. 
Brann, B. W., d. Oct. 23, 1863. 
Hick?, Baxter, d. Sept. 1, 1861. 
Causey, Matthew, d. Sept. 1, 1861. 



COMPANY A. 
Captain, J. S. Martin. 

Downs. Elishn, d. Nov.. 1862. 
Downs, B. F., d. Nov., ISO.'. 
Guinn, J. F., d. Sept.. 1863. 
Harris, V7. J. C, d. April 6, 1863. 
Harris, Jasper, k. Sepr.. 1863. 
Jorman, Daniel, d. Nov.. T861. 
Lee, Samuel, d. Nov., 1861. 
Loggins, F. J., d. Nov., 1861. 
Mayberry, Wash, d. Nov. 27, 1861. 
Matthews, D. N., k. Sept. 13. 1863. 
Porter, A. J., d. Oct. 20. 1862. 
Powell, Aaron, d. Nov., 1861. 
Shelton, S. H., d. May 6, 1SG3. 
Shelton, J. J., k. at Chickasaw Bayou. 
Weaver. J. W., d. Nov.. 1863. 
Whitloek, Jones, d. March, 1863. 



COMPANY B. 
Cap'ain, G. W. Pease. 



Garmore, William, d. a prisoner of war. 
Gossett, Meredith, d. a prisoner of war. 
Hendriek.s, J. J., d. a prisoner of war. 
Harris, H., d. a prisoner of war. 
Harris, John, d. a prisoner of war, 
Largant, W. J., d. a prisoner of war. 
Lemox, Sandford, d. a prisoner of war. 
McAllister, James, d. a prisoner of war. 
Manes, A. J., d.a prisoner of war. 
Patterson, John YV., d. a prisoner of war 



j Stanfield, G. W., d. a prisoner of war. 
! Powers, W., d. Jan. 1, ls-62. 



Tramwell.C. C, k. at Vicksburg. 
Dean, W. J., k. at Fort Donelson. 
Jackson, Capt. J. P., d. Oct. 27, 1SG2. 
Matthews, F. M., d. Nov. 28, 1801. 
Brock, W. F., d. March »r, 1862. 
Bradberry, J. B., d. April 3, 1862. 
Porter, J. R., d. March 22, 1SG2. 
Jones, W. A., d. March 20. 1SG2. 
Newman, L., d. July 2, 18G2. 
Key, E. C, d. June 12,1862. 
WiUoughby, J. H., d. June 25, 1S62. 
Wells, J. D., d. July 23, 1SG2. 
Rurnn, Thomas, d. May 22, 1862. 
Smith, S. D., July 1,1862. 
Clowers, Allen, d. Jan., 1S62 
Gilland, T., d. 



Jenigan, A. J., d. 

Hays, H., d. Feb. 10, 1862, 

Frost, W. C, d. 

Fentrey, G. W., d. June 1, 1SC3. 

Bevels, Amon, d. Nov., 1861. 

Bledsoe, B. B., d. April 9, 1863. 
j Shunt; James, d. Sept. 15. 1863. 
j Daniel, G. \Y.. d. Sept. 17, 1863. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, J. T. Reid. 

Johnson, J. S., d. Jan., 1362. 

Yar 1 rough, C. A., d. 

Crier, A. C, d. 

Goff, William, d. Nov. 20, 1861. 

Smith, Thomas, d. 

Davis, D. C, d. 

Clayton, C. M., d. 

Scott. J. H., d. 

Schallor, James, d. 

Carter. John. d. a prisoner of war. 

Richardson. W. Yv\, d. a prisoner of war. 

Herri ty, E. A , d. 

Herrity, J. L., d. 

Whitty, William, k. at Vicksburcr. 

Smith, W. H., k. at Fort Donelson. 



COMPANY D. 

Captain, Samuel Graham. 

William-, G. Y., k. at Chickamauga, 1 Bevel. James, k. at Fort Donelson. 

Brabstoia, W. C. k. at Chickamauga. I Stulis, T., k. at fort DonelsoB. 

Huddleston, S. 5., k. at Chickamauga. j Robertson, Wm., k. at Fort Donelson. 

Outland, Daniel, k. at Chickamauga. j Henderson. Joshua, k. M Fort Donelson 

Vinson, T. B., k. at Chickamauga. j Webster, J J., k. at Missionary Ridgp. 



PtLGLMENTAL HlSTOBIES AND MEfltOEIAL JaOLLS. 









Eoyl, James, k. at Missionary Ridge. 

Bransen, J. T., k. at Missionary Ridge. 

Howies, Jamea, J. Nov. 15, 1SG2. 

Abner, William, d. Oct., 1862. 

Branson, David, d. Nov., 1862. 

Elliott, Thomas, d. Nov., 1803. 

Juring, Thomas, d. July, 1862. 

Griffin, W. J., d. Jan., IS62. 

Howe, J. W., d. April, 1802. 

Morns, J. M., d. 

Morgan, John, d. Nov., 1862, 

Page, J. W., d. 

Rook, Joseph, d. Dec, 1362. 



Shaw, Jehu, d. Nov., 1302. 
Sills, Wiley, <i. Oct., 1502. 
Silts, E. G., d. Nov., 1361. 
Steward, C. C, d. May, 1S62. 
Scarborough, W. F., d. 
Watson, Riley, d. ^ov.. 1801. 
West, D., d. April, 1863. 
Wimberly, William, d. Nov., 1861. 
Vick, W. D., d. 
Vick, P., d. 

Tuaneli, John, d. June, 1803. 
Scarborough, J. N., d. March, 1SG3. 



COMPANY E. 
Caotain, Thomas C. Mallory. 



Lunn, J. S., k. at Chiekamauga. 
Flowers, George, k. at Chiekamauga. 
Crunk, John, k. at Chiekamauga. 
McCauley, George, k. at Fort Donelson. 
Ogg, Robert, k. at Fort Donelson. 
Cannon, John, k. at Fort Donelson. 
Dudley, W. G., d. 
Gunn, John W., d. 



j Goodman, Timothy, d. 
i Johnson, J. T, d. 

Feeter, Robert, d. 

Seay, Walter, d. 

Tate, Henry, d. Sept., 1S62. 

Watts, N. T. d. 

Whalthall, Wm., d. 



Cox, A. G-, k. at Raymond. 
Holland, Edward, d. Oct. 20, 1803. 
Baker, R. 0., d. 

Champion, William, d. Dec, 1861 
Feutrell, Daniel, d. Dec, 1601. 
Gibson, G. R., d. Dec, 1861. 
Garner, Elias, d. Dec, 1861. 
Humbrie, Wm., d. Feb., 1363. 
Hargrove, Leandci*. d. Nov., 1861. 
Morgan, Robert, d. Nov., 1861. 



Josl in, H. T. W., k. Sept. 13, 1863. 

Anderson, W., d. 

Belamy, J. T., d. 

Duke, G., k. Sept. 13, 1863. 

Denumbrim, G., d. 

Hall, M., d. 



Edwards, C. P., k. at Chick.amam 
Alsup, Wiliiam, d. 
Andrews, T. B., d. Jan. 23, 1863. 
Becker, G. W., d. Jan., 1863. 
Carthey, Wiley, d. Jan., 1803. 
Fowler, G. W., d. Nov. 20, 1862. 
Guddy, L. A., d. Oct. 23, 1502. 
Hogan, E. A., d. Sept., 1862. 



Belt, R. C, k. at Petersburg. 
Barrett, J. A., d. a prisoner of war. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, A. C. Richards. 

Norfieeb L. MV, d. Nov., 1861. 
Moree, Wm., d. Aug. 10, 1303. 
Reed, John, <\. Aug. 10, 1803. 
Roberts, Charles, d. May 2, 1S63. 
Smith, William, d. April, 1863. 
Sumner, William, d. July. 1863. 
Sumner, Roderick, d. March, 1863. 
Sills, J. T., d. March. 1863. 
Stumper, David, d. Nov., 1861. 
I 

COMPANY G. 
Captain, Samut! Mays. 

[ Pinsou, A., k. at Fort Donelson. 

Shearin, J. A., d. 

South, J., d. 

Taylor, T. A-, d. 

I Taylor, G. W., d. 

I Gaddy, L. A., d. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, II. C. Lockert. 

Hull, Samuel, d. 

Sargent, John, d. 

Lane, Joseph, k. at Raymond. 

Martin, Francis, d. 

Mebley, W. A . d. 

Manning, Mathew, k. at Fort Donelson. 

Oguin, W. R-, d. 

Sexton, Reuben, d. 

COMPANY T. 
Captain, S. W. Morton. 

| Allsbrook, Tsham, d. a prisoner of war. 
] Glasco, G. W;, d. a prisoner of war. 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Henstcn, Ti'man, d. a prisoner of war. 
Mattis, Anderson, d. a prisoner of war. 
Milam, II. D., d. fi prisoner of war. 
3Ioore, Robert, d. a prisoner of war. 
Parrott, Wilson, d. a prisoner of war. 



Robeson, 'J'. Z. : d. a prisoner of war. 
Tomlinson, W. D., d. a prisoner of war. 
Weaver, John, d. a prisoner of war. 
Wallace, Lewis, d. a prisoner of war. 



Patterson, .7. W., d. Dec. 20, 1S61. 
Benner, W. M., d. March IG, 1861. 
Mc Murray, A. J., d. Sent. 6, 1863. 
White, J. W., d. Oct. 0,1363. 
Admus, J., d. Jan. 18, 1801. 
Admus, C. J., d. July lfi, 1862. 
Brigam, K. W., d. Oct. 28, 1802. 
Bryant, B. F., d. June 12, ISG2. 
Black, J. A., d. Jan. 18, 1862. 
Bramlett, Henry, a. April 13, 1863. 
Clies, R. T., d. June, 1863. 
Cowen, A., d. Pee. 12, 1803. 
Gritmiil, T., d. Sept. 20, 1803. 
Carter, W. H., d. Feb. 15; 1862. 
Denice, W. J., d. June lfi, 1SC2. 
Erndurus, S- d. Feb., 1861. 



COMPANY K. 
Captain, T. M. Curtis. 

Etheridge, J., d. Dec. 26, 1861. 
Garrett, T. J., d. March 5, 1802. 
Thurraan, W. II., d. May 15, 1862. 
Anderson, S. J., d. March, 1863. 
Hutson, Jehu, d. May, 1862. 
Hooper, S. K., d. Dec. 26, 1861. 
Hunt, T., d. June 7, 1863. 
Kelley, E., d. Jan. 12, 1862. 
Merid'eth, T. J., d. June 14, 1862. 
Patrick, James, d. June 1, 1863. 
Smith, J. T., d. June 14, 18B2. 
Smith, John, d. June 1, 1863. 
Smith, James, d. Jan. 15, 1862. 
Sims, J. W., d. Jan. 1, 1862. 
Semore, F. H., d. Jan. 1, 1862. 
Winster. C. C, d. Jan. 3, 1862. 



FIFTY-FIRST TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 



OpciaL~\ Field and Staff. 

Colonel, John Chester; Lieutenant-colonel, John G.Hall; Major, John F. Williams; Adju- 
tant, G. W. Smitheal ; Assistant Quartermaster, Henry SanforJ; Surgeon, Thomas W. Roane; 
Assistant Surgeon, D. G. Godwin; Chaplain, T. Page. 



COMPANY A. 
Captain, N. A. Wesson. 



Bowman, B. W., d. during service. 
Gaining, Tray, d. during service. 
Crawley. W. H. H., d. during service. 
Cherry, Wm., d. during service. 
Davis, J. C, d. during service. 
Fisher. J., d. during service. 
N'ix, H., d. during service. 



Newsom, J. C, d. during service. 
Palmer, T. VV., k. at Lexington. 
'league, Jotin, d. during service. 
Tubb-, James, d. during service. 
Wells, Eli, d. during service. 
Woods, John, d. during service. 
Yarbrough, N. H., d. during service. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, T. C Campbell. 



Freeman, E. F., d. during service. 
Feeze*r, J. F., d. during service. 
Lemonds, J. M., d. during service. 
More, W. R., d. during service. 
Gates, L. D., d. during service. 
Trobaugh, H. R., d. during service. 
Barton, J. P., d. April >. ISfiS. 
Daniel, G. H., d. April 23, 1862. 
Wnitworth, D. M.,d. April 28, 1802. 
Eaeis, J. M., d. April 1, 1862, 



Mc Duffy, Stephen, d. March 26, 1862. 

Puckett, Joseph, d. March 23, 1862. 

Buckley, S., d. 

Johnson, B. F., d. 

Starling, R., d. 

Wilder. T. F., d. 

West, W. M., k. at Perryviile. 

Dcaren, H. L,, d. Dec. 10, 1862. 

Grady, H. C, n. Jan. 20, 1863. 

Wherry, W. T., d. March 31, 1863. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



5G7 



Howell, B., d. Feb. 15, 1864, 
Bishop, H. W., d. Nov. 3, 18*52. 
Leadbetter, A. M., d. Dec 3, 1862. 
Hutcherson, G. W., d. Nov. •'•, 1863. 
Spain, Peter, d. 
Plunk, Daniel, d. Feb. 2.?, 1883. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, 0. D. Weaver. 

Tarpley, B. W., k. at Shiloh 
B;ws, B. B, k. at Shiloh. 
Moss, J. 0., d. 
Messer, James, d. 
Ruth, Job, d. 



COMPANY D. 



Captain, 
Barton, R. W., d. a prisoner of war. 
Byram, £., d. a prisoner of war. 
Cole, J., d. a prisoner of war. 
Dickerson, J. C. d. a prisoner of v/ar. 
Boyd, W, H.. d. a prhont-r of war. 
Merriweather, J., d. a prisoner of war. 
Valentine, J., d. a prisoner of war. 
Weatherly, A. D.,d. a prisoner of war. 
Fogg, J. D., d. Feb, 8, 1863. 
Bryant, A. S., k. at Perry vilie. 
Cox, J. B., d. Oct. 22, 1862. 
Price, W. 3 n d. Nov., 1SG2. 



M. Murehison. 

Graves, M. V., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Askew, David, d. May 26, 1862. 
Crenshaw, J. N\ d. April 3, 1862. 
Duffer, M.C., d. .March 2, 1862 
Garner, B. G., d. Jan. 15, 1882. 
Lipscomb, S. E., d. March 6, 1862. 
Perry, J. F.,d. April 12, 1862. 
Roberts, J. W., d. March 8, 1862. 
Roberts, R. \V., d. April 1.3, 1862. 
Stowbaugb, W. F., d. May 26, 1862. 
Andrews, A. J., d. April 27, 1862. 



Wilson, W. G., d. April 14, 1803. 
Rensey, J. W„ d. April 14. 1802. 
Rowland, Joseph A., d. March 2, 1SG2 
Holloway, W. L., d. April 19, 18G2. 
Hutson, J. W., k. at Shiloh. 
Metson, William, k. at Shiloh. 
Byrd, C. D., k. at Shiloh. 
Govvor, VV. A., k. at Shiloh. 
Creasey, A. J., k. at Shiloh. 
Keiley, Elijah, k. at Shiloh. 
Wells, Thomas, d. Feb. 4, 18G2. 
Bradley, S. T., d. 



Wallace, John, d. April 24, 1864. 
Taylor, L. D., d. Dec. SO, 1862. 
McKnight, W. R., d. Jan. 2. 18G3. 
Robley, W. H., k. at Perryville. , 
Buntin, W. R., d. May 14, 1862. 
Bradford, Thomas, (J. March 5, 1862. 
Bowman, P. G., d. May 29, 1862. 
Caruthers, J. W. d. Feb. 16, 1862. 
Glidewell, W., d. May 31, 1862. 
Jordan, J. W., d. June 24, 1862. 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, John W. Estes. 

Holland, Martin, d. March 25, 1862. 
Pickens, A. J., d. May 5, 1862. 
Newman, H. T., d. Feb. 23, 1SG2. 
Smith, Nick, d. Feb. 28, 186:i. 
Shannon, W. L., d. E>ee. 2.% 1862. 
Temms, John, d. March 20, is62. 
Boswell, Purdy, d. Jan. 2u, 1S62. 
Matthews, J. C., d. 
Nealey, R. M., d. 
Boswell, George, d. 
McWhorter, S. D., d. 
Roland, J. E., d. April 10, 1862. 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, M. W. Russell. 

I Jackson, S. D., d. April 22, 1862. 

Latham, J. P., d. March S, 1SG2. 
! Leathers, J. T., d. May 14, 1862. 

McLemore, Charles, d. 

Smith, Alexander, d. March 25, 1862. 

Upton, John, d. May 22, 1862. 

Joines, D. Y., d. March 19, 1862. 

Bray, E. B., d. 

McAdams, J. G., d. 



Calhoun, J. H., d. Oct. 22. 1%2. 
Ford, C. L., k. at Perryville. 
Stephenson, VV, B., k. at Murfreesboro 
Wilson, W. J. D., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Cole, A. J., d. May 24, 1862. 
Bowling. C. F.. d. May 26, 1862. 
Feezor, P, L, d. June 6. 1S62. 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, S. E. Sherrell. 

| Owens, A., d. May 11, 1862. 
i Pickard, H. B., d. May 29, 1862. 
Siraonton, Presley, d. May 21, 1862 
Erwin, C. W., d. June D, 1862. 
! Flanikin, J. W., d. May 13, lftGJ. 
{ Goode, C. P., d. 
I Town.-end, P. H. d. 



568 



Militahy Annals of Tennessee. 



Walker, R. C, d. 
Erwiu, J. ir., d. Juiy 12, 1863. 
DicksOQ, C. S., d. Aug. 2, 1863. 
Beatty, J. B., d. Feb. 12, 1862. 
Cutlsealh, W. S. S , d. Ami. 6, 1862. 
Hill, T. W.,d. Feb. 18, 1S02- 



White, N. M.. k. at Perryvillo. 
Williams, A., Is. at Perpyville; 
Easley, W. H.,k. at Pevryville. 
Herron, D., k. at Perryville. 
Salmon, J. N\, k. at Murfreesboro. 



Phillip?, W. y. 5 k. at Murfreesboro. 
Scott, H. W.,k. at MnrfreesborD. 
fifillikea, E., k. Jan. 4, 1863. 



Larimoro, W. A., d. ilarch 31, 1SGJ. 
Pcwett, T. J,d. Feb. 3. 1862. 
Seareey, K. L., d. Feb. 1, 1862. 
Sherrell, J. W., d. March 20, 1862. 

Morrison. Henry E., d. Oct. 3, 1SG2. 
Gotten, J. H., d. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, T. C. Campbell. 

Campbell, Capt. T. C, k. at Murfreesbor- 
Larimore, J. N., d. 
McDonald, James, d. March 1, 1863. 
Starling Abraham, d. Feb. 12, 1SG3. 
I 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, F. M. Spiry. 

I Ralston, J. N., d. June 20, 15G2. 

I Yeakley, G. W.,k. at Murfreesboro. 

1 Blackman, John, k. at Murfreesboro. 



COMPANY K. 

Captain, J. S. Hall. 
McClaire, Dame!, k. at Shiloh. i Harley, John, d. June 21, 1862. 

Brokers, James C, k. at Murfreesboro. \ Looney, J. A., d. April 27, 130: 

Futhey, R. W., d. July, 1863. 



FIFTY-SECOND TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 



Official^ Field and Staff. 

Colonel, Benjamin J. Lee; Lieutenant-colonel, John W. Estes; Major, Thomas G. Randl 
Adjutant, John R. Pegles. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, S. H. Smith. 

COMPANY B. 
Captain, -I. A. Russell. 

C03IPANY C. 

Captain, J. S. Stansiil. 

COMPANY D. 

Captain, T. W. McMaxrny. 

McMurray, Capt. T. W., k. Jan. 25, 1SG3. 

COMPANY E. 

Captain, J. G. Thomasson. 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, R. M. Burton. 

I Crosby, J. R.. d. Dec. 14, 1SC3. 

I Henderson, E. D., d. Aug. 11, 1863 

COMPANY G. 

Captain. G. W. Thomasson. 

COMPANY H. 

Captain, J. C. Jackson. 

COMPANY I. 

Captain, B. S. Newman. 

CO: M PA NY K. 

Captain, S. S. Haley. 



Burnett, T. M., k. at Chicka manga 
Lee, G. W., d. March 14, 1863. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 5G9 



FIFTY-THIRD TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 



OJcM] 



COMPANY A. 
Captain, W. C. Richardson. 
Anderson, James, k. ac Donel?cn. I Hazelwood, Patrick, d. Dec. 25, 1861. 

Bass, Richard, d. a prisoner of war. | Well*, James B., d. 

COMPANY B. 
Captain, William B. Holden. 
McClary, Wm. M., d. a prisoner of war. j Loudon, Thomas B.. d. Jan., 1SC2. 

Brown, N. T., d. a prisoner of war. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, Hanoe H. Aymett. 
Beckham, Benjamin W., d. Feb. 13, 1862. i McNease, James, d. March 28, 1SG2. 

McNease, John P., d. April 12, 1862, 

COMPANY D. 
Captain, Thomas F. Winston. 
Williams, Andrew, d. March 3, 1S62. j Rosson, Andrew, k. at Donelson. 

Pamplin, Elijah, d. March 6, 1862. J Fleming, Richard, k. at Donelson. 

Emerson, Joseph H., d. April, 1862, ' 
Fowler, Holman EL d. Feb. 21, 1SG2. 
Wood, Samuel B., k. at Donelson. 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, Isaac H. Hill. 



Daggett, Marshall, k. at Donelson. 
Butler, Joel D., k. at Donelson. 



Dilleha, Levi J., d. June 15, 1862. 
McConnell, Anderson EL, d. March 10, 1S62. 



Beckett, William, k. at Donelson. 
Osborne, Ala A., d. April 12, 1862. 
Mitchell, William D., d. July 24, 1862. • 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, Alfred A. Abernathy. 
Daniel, William C, d. Feb. 6, 1862. j Smith, Robert J., d. a prisoner of war. 

0"Gwinn, Colman, d. March 12, 1862. j .Miller, Earnest R., d. at St. Louis. 

Mc Maury, Robert, d. at Camp Chase. j McCage, James, k. at Donelson. 

COMPANY G. 
Captain, James D. Beaner. 
Neale, George W., k. at Donelson. I Willerson, John, d. Jan. 7, 1SG2. 

Pillow, Jerome A., k. at Donelson. Cashion, Samuel, d. a prisoner of war. 

Owens, Bynum, d. Jan. 1", 1862. i Beaner, Capt. James D., d. a prisoner of war. 

Maxey, Thomas H, d.'March 2, 1SG2. | 

COMPANY H. 

Camp near Holly Springs, October 20, 1SG2. 
Capt. Ellis. Assistant Adjutant-general: By order of Governor Harris, of Tennessee, Com- 
pany H, of the Fifty -third Tennessee Infantry rendezvoused at Camp Weakley, near Na-h- 
ville, in December, 1861; but from the want of a sufficient number of men, were never sworn 
into the service of the Confederacy. Nevertheless, Company II participated in the organiza- 
tion of this regiment at Fort Donelson. For reasons best known to themselves, this company 
— officers and men alike — left the camp all together, without permission. From the fail of 
Fort Donelson to the present hour, said company remains yet to be heard from. 

(Signed) John 11. White, Major commanding. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, John R. White. 
Henderson, J. M.. d. March 15, 18C2. i Horn, John, d. April 17, 1862. 

Vick, R. C. d. Feb. 1, 1862. I Dodson, Eli, d. Jan. 20, 1SG2. 

Hickman, J. K., d. Jan. 15, 1862, 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, Milton E. Alexander. 
Keltner, E. F.. d. June 2, 1S62. | Morrow, James A., d. Jan. 15, 1862, 

Ashworth, C. A., d. a prisoner of war j Morrow, T. L., d. Jan., 1862. 

Llensop. J. R., d. June 22, 1S62. I Rea, J. C, d. Jan. 28, 1SG2. 

LangUorn, E. W., dT Feb. 22, 1862. 1 



L 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



FIFTY-FIFTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 



OficiaL'] Field and Staff. 

Colonel, Alexander J. Brown; Lieutenant-colonel, William A. Jones; Major, J. H. Hilsm&n; 
Surgeon. J. M. Driver; Assistant Surgeon. J. M. Borders; Chaplain.. J. B. Muck; Assistant Com- 
missary, T. H. Baker; Assistant Quartermaster, G. L. Harris; Adjutant, J. D. Bledsoe. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, W. A. Jones. 

j O'Sullivan, Daniel, d. June 25, 18G2. 



Bond, Wright, d. Aug. 30, 1862. 
Coitingham, Wro., d. Jan. C, 1862. 
Capps, J. G., d. Dec. 25, 1862. 
Hudson, W. R., u. June 22, 1862. 
Holland, D. W., d Jan. S, 1862. 
Herron, W. V.*., d. Sept. 10, 1862. 
Herron. J. D., d. Aug. 7, 1862. 
McDauiel, Middle ton. d. Aug. 2 



Williams, F. M., d. Jan. 19, 18G2. 
Parker, L. D., d. May 10, 1362. 
Arnold, H., d. Oct. 22, 18*2. 
Arnold, S. M., d. Jan. 10, 1862, 
, Berry, W. W., d. May 10, 1862. 
Brewer, W. B., d. Oct. 22, 1S61. 
Brewer, Lewis, d. Jan. 31, 18G2. 
Cherry, B., d. Jan. 16. 1862. 
CarrT, J. C, d. July S, 1862. 
Carff, A. J., q\ July 11, 1862. 
Go--sett, Allen, d. Aug. 5, 1S62. 
Holland, James, d. Dec. 2:1. 1862. 
Holland, M. II., d. J line 16, 1862, 
Holmes, J. C, d. Jau. 9, 1862. 



Wilson, William, d. July 2, I88S 
Williamson, J. H., d. April 27, 1 
Tucker, J. R., d. May 4, 1862. 
Pinckley, S., d. April 27, 1862. 



Presson, W. R., d. July 'J, 1862. 
j Rnshen, Solomon, d. Dee. 25, 1862. 
| Stugall, II. F., d. Jan. 25, 1862. 

Spain, W. II., d. Dec. 31, 1862. 

Taylor, W. II., d. Oct. 25, 1862, 

Waters, J. B., d. Jan. 10, 1862. 

Webb, Benjamin, d. Jan. 15, 1862. 
COMPANY B. 
Captain, P. M. Melton. 

Jones, J. W., d. Jan. IS, 1862. 

Jones, Wm., d. Jan. 10, 1862. 

Melton, J. W., d. June 7, 1863. 

Mellon, Matthew, d. Jan. 4, 1862. 

Melton, W. R., d. July 13, 1862. 

McPherson, A.G., d. Dec. 27. 1862. 

McPherson, S. G., d. Dee. 31, 1863. 

Myers. Alfred, d. Feb. 28, 1863. 

Pafford, Hubbard, d. Aujx. 5, 1S62. 

Pafford, J. B., d. Jan. 7, 1S62. 

Phifer, Joseph, d. Jan. 14, 18C2. 

Sykes, Robert, d. Jan. 16, 1862. 

Vester, J. C, d. July 26, 1S62. 

Wilson, Burred, d. 
COMPANY C. 
Captain, J. D. Bledsoe. 

Prichard, Charles, d. March 4, 1S62. 

Goocb, J. A., d. E>ec. 10, 1862. 

Buttvy, M. F., d. April 24, 1862. 



Richardson, James, d. Dec. IS, 1863. 
Robbins. Levi, d. Feb. 12, 1862. 
Taylor, Robert, d. May 22. 1862. 
Pimpkins, W. M.. d. May 15, 1SG2. 
Vaught, J. M., d. Sept. 2, 1862. 



COMPANY D. 

Captain, S. B. Jones. 

Smith, A. Q., d. June 20, 1862. 
Page, R. M., d. June 30, 1S62. 
Black, J. M., d. July 5, 1862. 
Duffer, J. E., d. July 12, 1862. 
Allen, William, d. Feb. 1, 1862. 
COMPANY E. 
Captain, J. E. Flake. 
Blankinship, Isaac, d. at Camp Douglas. | Powell, M. W., d. at Island No. 10. 

Lester, Robert, d. at Camp Douglas. j Singleton, T. T., d. Sept. 22, 1862. 

JN'ieter, R., d. at Island No. 10. j 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, D. N. MeCallum. 
Pierce, Evan. d. Jan. 19, 1862. ! Brig^ance, II. C, d. July 13, 1862. 

Smith, B. W.. d. Jan. 19, 1862. | Brigganee, C. C, d. Jan. 2. 1862, 

Davis, Z., d. April 36, 1861 I Woods, Vincent, d. Oct. 11, 1S63. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



7] 



Houston, George, d. 

Jones, Lawson, d. 

Hughes, John, d. 

Persons, James, d. 

Price, VY. c, d. 

Spain, W. R., d. 

Burrows, W. M.,d. 

Barham, T. C, d. 

Burrows, R. T., d. Oct. 21, 1802. 

Drummonil, B. M., d. Dec. 20, 1862. 



Butler, E. M., d. Dec. 21, IS'M. 
Gordon, J. H., d. May 21, 1802. 
Rain i! tou, Thomas, d. 
Hamilton, E. B-, d. March 23, 1862. 
Harban, J. J., d. Oct. 3, 1862. 
Harper, Rufus, d. Dec. 22, 1862. 
Moore, Granville, d. 



Perry, J. S., d. March 20, 1862. 
Hoskins, Joe, d. Feb. 11, 1S62. 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, J. E. McDonald. 

Hunt, R, M., d. June 16, 1862. 
Kolb, J. Q., d. Aug. 20, 1862. 
Mo Do u gal, T. A., d. Feb. 2, 1SG3. 
Manning, W. IL, d. Nov. 1, 1862. 
McConner, VV. J., d. April 5, 1S63. 
Smith, R. A., d. July 19, 1862. 
Taylor, W. \Y\, d. July 28, I86i 
Warren, J. C, d. May 7, 1862. 
Webb, Jack, d. Sept. 14, 18G2. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, W. S. Adams. 

Netherland, A. M., d. 
Reynolds, W. T., d. May 12, 1362. 
Bland, L. T., d. June 17, 1S62. 
R^ese, Joseph, d. Nov. 23, 1862. 
Taylor, W. B., d. Oct. 24, 1862. 
Howard, B. A., d. 
Writchey, William, d. 

COMPANY I. 
Capuin, H. B. Day. 

Crews, T. P., d. Feb. 5, 1S62. 



COMPANY K. 
Captain, James H. Joyner. 



FIFTY-NINTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 



Official] Field and Staff. 

Colonel, J. B. Cooke; Lieutenant-colonel, W. L. Eaken; M*jor, C. M. Alexander; Adjutant, 
J. F. Love; Quartermaster, S. S. Stakely; Commissary, W. D. Van Dyke; Surgeon, G. W 
Henly ; Assistant Surgeon, J. M. Thomasson. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, Benj. A. Profet. 

( Jack, Samuel, d. June 27, 1863. 



Cartright, H. C, d. Nov. 8, 1SG2 
Stratton, John, d. Nov. 4, 1862. 



Charte, Chesley C, d. 



Duncan, J. N., d. May 8, 1863. 
Smith, James L., k. at Vicksburg. 
Lyon, Jeremiah, k. at Vicksburg. 
Davis, J. R.. k. at Vicksburg. 
Glover, Samuel J., k. at Vicksburg. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, James P. Brown. 

) Rnaden, Marion D., k. Feb. 18, 1863. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, J. 31. Hays. 

Blevins, John, d. Sept., 1863. 
Ray wood, A., d. 

Nichols, Timothy, d. Dec. 20, 1863. 
Garden. James L., d. Jan. 13, 1S63. 
Hicks, Eldndse, d. Dec. 20, 1862. 



McGir.ty, John. d. Jan. 2. 180?. 
Harrison, Alfred, d. Dec. 10, 1S62. 



COMPANY D. 

Captain. Reuben Giles. 

I Young, G. W., d. Nov. 20, !8fi2. 



572 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Grigsby, VV. J., d. Jan. 17, 186 
Sexton, Wm. J., d. Nov. 0, lb 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, J. A. McDennott. 

j Watson, William, ri. Nov. lo, 1<>6'J 

l 
I 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, Henry D. Giesler. 



1,1862 
1862. 



Garger, George W., d. Sep 
Poore, Clayton P., d. Oct. 2-5 
W'olford, James A., d. Nov. 25, 1862. 
Hudson, Robert, d. Aug. S, 1863. 



Stanfield, Samuel G., d. July 11, 1S6C 

Millard, Hugh C, d. Aug. 13, 1S«13. 

Peters, Samuel, d. July 1G, 1863. 

Wilder, John G., d. Aug. 11, 1863. 
COMPANY G. 
Captain, John W. Stratton. 

j Preesley, G. W., d. Sept. 8, I86£ 

Nichols, S. R., d. Aug. 14, 1SC2. 
j Morris, J. C, d. Aug. ID, 1862. 
j Phillips, George A*., d. April 1, 1S62. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, John B. Cobb. 

j Burns, Arthur, d. July 2, 186.3. 
j Maxwell. Jardon. d. June 21, 1863. 
| Smith, William J., d. June 25, 1363. 
COMPANY I. 
Captain. William H. Smith. 
Boyd, Westley Vv\, d. Feb. 21, 1363. 
COMPANY K. 
Captain, John S. Duckworth. 
Wilson, Thomas, d. Dec. 1, 1S63. , j Dunn. John, d. June 23, 1863. 

Russell, J. A., d. Oct. 21, 1812. | 



McGill, Robert, d. July 17, 1863. 
Pearce, Marshall, d. July, 1863. 
Gaston, David, d. July go, 1863. 
Wood, Lewis, d. July, 1863. 



Ritchey, William, d. Nor. 2, 1862. 
Ritchey, Robert, d. Nov. 7, 18f>2. 
Buckner, Jesse F., d. May 12, 1863. 



SIXTIETH TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 






Official] Field and Staff. 

Colonel, John H.Crawford; Lieutenant-colonel, Nathan Gregg; Major, James A. Rhea; As- 
sistant Quartermaster, John F. MeCUire; Assistant Commissary Subsistence, Aken Crawford; 
Surgeon, A. N. Harris; Assistant Surgeon, B. Y. Blair; Adjutant, C. S. Newman. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, Frank S. Blair. 
Phillips, George W., d. March, 1863. I Shaffield, Moses, d. Aug. 13, 1863., 

Odell, Abraham, d. March 10, 1803. | Stephen, W. K., d. June 25, 1S63. 

COMPANY B. 
Captain, Samuel R. Gammon. 
Metlock, R. B , d. March 12, 1863. . Stuart, William, d. April 0, 1863. 

Winslead, Marion, d. Feb. 17, 1863. | 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, John H. Crouch. 
Crouch, Capt. John II, d. Aug. 28, 1863. j Sealf, James, d. March 29, 1803. 

Ball, Spencer, d. March 10, 1863. 



Hair, Samuel, d 
Muncy, T.M.,d 



Branch,. L. F~ d. June 1, 18tu3. 
Coliins, Bailey, d. May l:;, 18(0. 
Eden, Michael, d. July 1, 1863. 
Norris, Abraham, d. Aug 15, 1863. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, J. L. Hale. 

I Pruchett, W. H., d. Aucr. 13, 1863. 
• j Bowman, D. K., d. May '■), 1863. 
! Cain, William, d. Feb. 25, lbG.3. 



Regimental Histokies and Memorial Rolls. 






Capt; 
Bacon, Montgomery, d. March 9, 18(53. 
Combs, M. S., d. March 14, 1363. 



COMPANY E. 
in, William P. Barron. 

Murray, R. B., d. March 6, 1863. 
Murray, Ira G., April 0,1303. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, Mark Bacon. . 
Bowman, Alfred, d. March 29, 1SGS 



Cos, Henry, d. Dec. 3, 1SG3. 
Cox, William, d. Aug. 10, 1863. 
Ford, B. 31., d. Aug. 13, 1863. 
Galloway, Washington, d. Aug. 9. 1863. 
Galloway, Noah. d. July 10, IS<>3. 
Hall, I). K.. J. June !§, 1S63. 
McCulley, James, d. July 7, 1863. 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, Jos. R. Crawford. 

Morton. W. G., d. July 3, 1883. 
Pickens, S. P., d. Oct. 7, 1863. 
Riley, J. W. P., d. July 27, 1863. 
Bowman, Archibald, d. July 2, 1SG3. 
Lynville, John, d. March 12, 1863. 
Hale, John, d. March 10, 1863. 
Booher, John, d. March 18, 1SC3. 



COMPANY H. 

Captain, James C. Hodges. 



Owens, John A., d. March 28, 1SG3. 
Long, Lawson H., d. Feb. 27, 1SG3. 
E^ooiev, Aaron, d. Feb. 20, 1863. 
Mellin, Thomas L., d. March 6, 1863. 
Miller, Jeremiah, d. March 28, 1SG3. 



I Pinion, Jackson, d. March 28, 1S63. • 
Rich, Thomas, d. March 28, 1863. 
Rich, Jacob N., d. March 28, 1863. 
Robertson, Garrett W., d. March 14, 1SG3. 

I Shropson, John, d. April 7, 1663. 



Matoy, V. S., d. Feb. 6, 1SG3. 
Click, David, d. Feb. IS, 1SG3. 



Ray, S. F., d. March 2, 1363. 
Ray, William, d. June 15, 1862. 
Barnes, J. M., d. July IS, 1S63. 
Britt, Monroe, d. Sept. 8, 1SG3. 
Carson, T. M., k. at Vicksburg, 



COMPANY I. 
Captain, W. A. Wash. 

I Click, Isaac, d. Feb. 6, 1SG3. 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, John M. Morrow. 

Goode, William, k. at Vicksburg. 
Goode, Jacob, d. Aug., 1»04. 
Haynes, James, d. April, 1SG4. 
Russell, Thomas, d. July 18, 1863. 

COMPANY L. 
Captain, Harvey Hamilton. 



SIXTY-FIRST TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

By J. G. Rose, Morristown, Tenn. 

This regiment was organized at Henderson's Mills, in Green county, Tenn.. 
November 10, 1SG2. It was composed of ten full companies, as follows: Co. 
A, Capt. I. X; Dodd, Greene county; Co. B, Capt. W, F. Sturm, Hawkins coun- 
ty; Co. C, Capt. James C. Jackson, Greene county; Co. D, Capt. Johnson, 

Washington county; Co. E, Capt. L. IT. Denny, Sullivan county; Co. F, Capt. 
Jacob M» Alexander, Jefferson county; Co. G, Capt. F. M. Jackson, Grainger 
county; Co. H, Capt. S. C. Mitchell, Claiborne county; Co. I, Capt. W. X. V^-v.- 
ley. Greene county; Co. K, Capt. S. H. Kc-lton, Sullivan county. 

The field and staff officers i^t' the regiment, as first organized, were the follow- 
ing: Fountain E. Pitts, Colonel; James G. Rose, Lieutenant-colonel: James P. 



574 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Snapp, Major,; James D. Thomas, Adjutant; F. \Y. Earnest, Captain and Assist- 
ant Quartermaster; W. JI. Armstrong, Captain and Assistant Commissary; James 
Pitts, Surgeon; J. C. Brumicy, Assistant Surgeon; John A. Radet, P. L. Cline, 
Hospital Stewards; W. H. Crawford, Chaplain. 

During the war many elianges occurred in the officers, but from want of reliable 
information they cannot all be noted here. Col. Fountain E. Pitts, who was ad- 
vanced in years and a minister of the gospel, resigned his Colonelcy in 1863; and 
thereupon Lieut.-col. Rose became Colonel, Major Snapp became Lieutenant-col- 
onel, and Capt Dodd became Major. Col. Pitts was in command of the regiment 
from its organization (November 10, 1SG2) till May 1 ; 1863, when he left it at 
Vieksburg, Miss., and was never afterward in command of the regiment or in 
camp with it. 

Immediately after organization the regiment was assigned to the command of 
Brig.-geu. John C. Vaughn, and ordered to the department of Mississippi and 
East Louisiana, and arrived at Jackson, Miss., late in November, 1SG2. The op- 
erations of the regiment prior to Gen. Sherman's demonstration on Yicksburo- 
were unimportant, and need not be chronicled. 

During the latter part of December, 1SG2, Gen. Sherman, with a large force of 
gun-boats and troops on board transports, was threatening Vieksburg. Gen. 
Vaughn's brigade, then encamped near Grenada, Miss., was ordered to Vieksburg. 
Arriving on the Vieksburg Bluffs December 24, 1S62. the regiment first saw the 
enemy. His gun-boats and transports were a few miles above the city. In twen- 
ty-four hours active operations began along the line of defenses from the Vieks- 
burg Bluffs to Haynes Bluff, a distance of about twelve miles. The position of 
the Sixty-first Regiment was on the extreme left of this line, its left company 
resting on the Mississippi Paver at the bluffs above the city. Its front was cov- 
ered by a bayou and abatis, rendering a direct assault on that part of the line im- 
practicable. The operations of Gen. Sherman before Vieksburg, with a force 
vastly superior to the Confederates, continued some five or six days, during which 
the Sixty-first Regiment was continuously under arms and in position day and 
night, rations being cooked and issued to the men in line of battle; but as no vig- 
orous assault was made on its position, the casualties in the regiment were but 
few. 

After this futile effort of Gen. Sherman to capture Vieksburg, the Sixtv-first 
Regiment remained at that post, and constituted a part of its garrison till its 
capitulation to Gen. Grant, July 4, 1SG3. Its position in garrison was above the 
city, on the bluffs overlooking the river, and its daily duties consisted in picketing 
the river and silently watching the accumulation of Grant's army on the opposite 
side. While Gen. Grant was thus preparing for his Vieksburg campaign, the 
Sixty-first Regiment literally slept on its arms within a hundred yards of the 
works assigned it to defend — each company opposite its position in the line, and 
each soldier kno-.\ ing his exact position in the works. Thus upon a given signal, 
day or night, the works held by the regiment were instantly manned. 

But nothing important occurred to break the dull monotony of garrison dutv 
until about the last of April, 1863, when Gen. Grant succeeded in running sev- 
eral gun-boats and transports past the Vieksburg batteries. With the aid of these 
he quickly transferred his immense army to the east bank of the Mississippi, be- 
low Vieksburg, and the campaign then began in earnest. Thenceforward all was 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



activity and bustle in Vicksburg, as it was apparent the great struggle fur that 
military post was at hand. Lieut-gen. Pemberton, commanding the department, 
decided to meet Gen. Grant in the open field, and the battles of Grand Gulf, Ray- 
mond, Baker's Creek (or Edwards Depot), and Big Black followed in rapid suc- 
cession, resulting in a series of defeats for the Confederates. It is not the purpose 
of the writer to criticise Gen. Pemberton' s movements and disposition of troops 
preceding the investment of Vicksburg further than to say that lie handled his 
army in detachments when it should have been massed, and his forces were thus 
cut to pieces in detail. Tins was a misfortune which the Sixty-first Regiment 
suffered in common with the rest of that ill-fated army. The regiment, though 
out in the field, was not engaged in any of the battles above named but that of 
Big Black, some ten miles east of Vicksburg, on the Jackson road. This occurred 
May 17, 1303, the day alter the battle of Baker's Creek, and resulted most disas- 
trously to the regiment. It deserves more than a passing notice. 

In the evening of May 16, 1803, while the battle of Baker's Creek was in prog- 
ress, Gen. Vaughn's brigade was placed in position to protect the railroad bridge 
at Big Black River, some six miles in rear of the Confederate line of battle. The 
battle went against the Confederates at Baker's Creek, and shortly after dark the 
troops engaged therein began to cross the river on their retreat toward Vicksburg. 
The crossing continued through the night and until daylight, when ail had crossed 
except a few stragglers. The position of Gen. Vaughn's brigade at once became 
critical. Occupying a line of unfinished earth-works, with Big Black River deep 
and sluggish in its rear, the brigade was now confronted by Grant's army, flushed 
with the preceding day's victory, and pressing close upon the retreating Confed- 
erates. The peril of the situation was realized by every private, and orders for 
the withdrawal of the brigade across the river were momentarily expected, because 
it was apparent that the position was not only untenable, but the bridge we were 
to defend no longer of use to us. On came Grant's victorious columns, but the 
order for the withdrawal of the brigade came not. The brigade occupied earth- 
works in shape of the letter V, with the flanks resting on the river above and 
below the bridge and the apex at the railroad, nearly a mile from the river. The 
position of the Sixty-first Regiment was on the left of the brigade, on a line ex- 
tending from near the railroad to the river. Earth-works had been hastily thrown 
up on part of this line — that is, on each end of it — leaving a space of about two 
hundred yards near the center without defensive works. This space was probably 
covered with water when the earth-works were constructed; but the water had 
evaporated, and the ground was then firm enough for the movement of troops. 

Shortly after daylight on the morning of May 17, 1863, the Federal sharp- 
shooters appeared in our front. During the morning large bodies of Federal troops 
could be seen through an opening in the woods, massing in front of the regiment 
for an assault upon it. Seventeen regimental flags were counted passing through 
this opening. In the meantime a heavy line of Federal sharp-shooters kept up a 
Continuous and deadly fusilade from the woods in front of the regiment. In this 
condition of things it was manifest that a charging column, such as was momenta- 
rily anticipated., could penetrate to the open space in the works occupied bv the 
regiment, and thus by an enfilading fire drive it from its position. At this crit- 
ical juncture Adjutant James D. Thomas voluntarily undertook to go to Gen. 
Vaughn's position on the field to inform him of the anticipated assault on the 






■ 

576 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



regiment, and to obtain, if possible, reinforcements to occupy the open space in 
the line. His mission was unsuccessful in procuring reinforcements, but it was 
none the less gallant, because the enemy's sharp-shooters swept the whole field 
with their murderous tire, and the Adjutant went and returned at the imminent 
risk of his life. Pie had scarcely returned to his position with the tidings of his 
unsuccessful mission when the anticipated assault broke upon the regiment in all 
its fury. The assaulting column proved to be Gen. Osterhaus's division ci* the 
Federal army. It had been massed under cover of the timber and river-hank. It 
was formed in rive lines of battle, covering the entire front of the Sixty-first Reg- 
iment, and it moved from its cover into the open field in our front in magnificent 
array, with banners flying and their burnished arms reflecting back the rays of the 
morning sun. None but lie who has witnessed such a scene under similar cir- 
cumstances can realize the extreme solicitude of such a moment. On came the 
charging column over a level field of four or five hundred yards in extent, alter- 
nately advancing and faltering under our galling fire of buckshot and ball, until 
at last they gained the open space in our line, which was wholly undefended, and 
their victory was complete. This point gained, our -whole line was enfiladed, and 
at once became untenable. The writer of this sketch, in command of the rai- 
ment, at once ordered a retreat, and thus saved a portion of the regiment. This 
assault, in all its fierceness, fell almost exclusively on the Sixty-first Regiment. 
and it was well-nigh annihilated. Out of about four hundred men who responded 
for duty on the morning of May 17, only one hundred and twelve were carried 
back to Vicksburg that evening. Nearly three hundred men of the regiment 
were killed, wounded, and captured. The loss of the enemy is known to have 
been very great, though the writer has no authentic information as to numbers. 
During the evening and night the remnant of our scattered forces was concentrated 
at Vicksburg, and on the morning of May 18 the Federal sharp-shooters again 
appeared in our front. By the morning of the 19th the investment of the city 
was complete. The position of the Sixty-first Regiment (or what was left of it 
during the siege was on the river-blurbs above the city, supporting Lynch's battery. 
Here for Forty-eight days and nights, without shelter and with less than half ra- 
tions of poor quality, the men literally ate, slept, and fought in the trenches. It 
would be idle to attempt a description of their privation and suffering". The mor- 
tality resulting from exposure and insufficient food was great — in fact, much 
greater than from casualties in battle. During the first three or four days the 
enemy made vigorous assaults on our entire line, in the vain attempt to carry the 
works by storm, but Gen. Grant soon learned the futility of such efforts, and re- 
sorted to regular siege operations. It is not our purpose to detail the operati<m> 
of the regiment during the sie^e. It is sufficient here to state that the remnant 
of the regiment that escaped the disaster at Big Black went through the forty- 
eight days siege, and were at the close paroled with the rest of the garrison. The 
parole of the writer is dated July 8, 1803, and is signed by ''George C. McKee, 
Eleventh Regiment Illinois Infantry Volunteers, Major and parolinir officer."'* 

Thus the entire Sixty-first Regiment became prisoners of war. It was destine! 
never to be reunited on the field as it was on the morning of May 17, 1S03. 
That portion of it captured and paroled at Vicksburg was not exchanged until 
June '27, 1S64. In the spring of that year many of these paroled prisoners were 
assembled in parole camps at Jonesboro awaiting exchange, and on being notiiie i 



Regimental Histobies and Memorial Kolls. 



01 I 



of exchange the regiment took the held us mounted infantry. It was then assigned 
to the brigade of Brig.-gen. John C. Vaughn, and numbered from one hundred to 
one hundred and fifty officers and men. Much the larger part of the regiment capt- 
ured at Big Black was still confined in Northern prisons. These prisoners were 
not exchanged until the winter of 1864r-o, when the Confederacy was toppling 
to its fall. After twenty months of close confinement, these men returned to their 
desolate and ruined homes, then in the Federal lines, and but few of them ever 
saw the regiment again. The prospects of the Confederacy were not then suffi- 
ciently hopeful to lure them from home and family to the privations and suffer- 
ings of camp-life. It was then manifest that the final collapse of the Confederacy 
was only a question of time. , 

The subsequent operations of the regiment as mounted infantry were of a char- 
acter corresponding to the cavalry branch of the service. In September, 1364, it 
took part in the affair at Carter's Depot and at Greeneviile, Tenn., the latter re- 
sulting in the death of Gen. John II. Morgan. An account of the sad and tragic 
death of that gallant officer will perhaps be acceptable here. Gen. Morgan, in 
command of Vaughn's and Duke's brigades and one light battery of six guns, 
was moving on the enemy at Bull's Gap, commanded by Gen. Gillem. Gen. Mor- 
gan encamped for the night around Greeneviile. His disposition of forces, if not 
unwise, was at least unfortunate. He took quarters at the residence of Mrs. Will- 
iams, in the town, surrounded by his personal staff only. The battery was posted 
on the knobs in the rear of the town, while the troops were cut up into detach- 
ments and sent from one to two miles out of town on the various roads leading 
into the town. But few if any troops were sufficiently near the General to protect 
him from a bold and sudden dash of the enemy. The Sixty-first Regiment was 
thrown forward as an outpost, and ordered to bivouac about four miles from the 
town on the Bull's Gap road, to send out scouts and picket its front, and await or- 
ders in the early morning. These orders were literally executed, and at daylight 
on the morning of September 4, 18G4, the regiment was under arms and mounted, 
momentarily expecting orders to advance. No orders of any kind came, however, 
a fact that very much disconcerted the movements of the regiment. 

During the night, which was dark and stormy, a boy about fifteen years old, re- 
siding in the vicinity, eluded our pickets, went to Bull's Gap, and gave Gen. Gil- 
lem information of our position. A force was at once dispatched, guided by par- 
ties who knew every foot of the ground, to surprise and capture the Sixty-first 
Regiment, occupying as it did the most exposed and advanced position of Gen. 
Morgan's command. The plan of capture was to send a force around to the rear 
of the regiment, and to attack it both in front and rear at daylight in the morn- 
ing. This programme was fully carried out as to the attack in front, which was 
made about daylight, while the regiment was awaiting orders, by a force moving 
up the Bull's Gap road. In a very short time the regiment was engaged by a 
manifestly superior force in its front. Not receiving the expected orders, and 
fearing a flank movement to cut him off, the writer, in command of the regiment,, 
retired slowly in the direction of Greeneviile, making occasional stands to resist 
the enemy in his front, and confidently expecting to find Gen. Morgan's command 
advancing to meet the enemy. 

The force which was sent to the rear of the regiment, and which was to cut off - 
its retreat, consisted of a regiment of Federal cavalry. The Federal officer in 



578 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



charge of this force, learning through his guides from an old colored woman who 
lived near Greeneville that Gen. Morgan and stair' were quartered at the Williams 
mansion in the town, determined to attempt his capture. This was not a part of 
the original programme, but seeing that Gen, Morgan was in his power, the glit- 



orders. While this proved fatal to Gen. Morgan, it probably saved the Sixty- 
first Ilegiment from capture. Accordingly, the Williams mansion, containing 
Gen. Morgan and staff, was surrounded by the enemy about daylight. On learn- 
ing this fact, Gen. Morgan attempted to escape through the back yard; but he was 
shot and captured in the lot in which the mansion was situated, and died in a few 
minutes thereafter. Tims was Gen.' Morgan surrounded, shot, and captured, in 
the midst of his troops; but they were so posted that they could not protect him. 
His command being cut up int.* detachments, separated miles apart, and receiving 
no orders from their dead General, was the more easily routed and dispersed by 
the enemy. 

The Sixty-first Regiment being, as above stated, hard pressed in front, and re- 
ceiving no orders from any source, continued to retire on Greeneville, fighting as 
it fell back, until about 9 o'clock a.m, when it had reached a position -about one 
mile from the town. A cavalry line of battle was drawn up in its rear and across 
its line of retreat. This line, when first discovered — about six hundred yards in 
the rear — was supposed to be the command of Gen. Morgan, ready to receive the 
enemy. So confident was the commanding officer in this opinion that he at once 
sent a courier to Gen. Morgan (a- was supposed) for orders. Before proceeding 
very far the courier discovered that it was a Federal line of battle drawn up to 
cut off' our retreat. On the return of the courier with this information — which at 
first was scarcely credited — the situation of tire regiment became manifestly crit- 
ical. It was between two lines of battle, both composed of superior numbers; the 
one pressing it in front, and the other quietly waiting to receive it in the rear. 
It was clear that to extricate the regiment and save it from capture no time was 
to be lobt. Hence, executing a rapid movement by the right flank, the regiment 
moved out northwardly from between the two Federal lines, through woods and 
fields, and making a wide detour around Greeneville, reached Kheatown about 2 
o'clock p.m.; and there the writer first learned of the death and capture of Gen. 
Morgan. The regiment did not lose many in killed and wounded in this affair — 
names and number not remembered. 

The above facts concerning the capture and death of Gen. Morgan, and the inci- 
dents and circumstances connected with it, the writer knows to be true so far as they 
transpired under his observation; in other particulars he believes them to be true 
upon the most satisfactory evidence. The highly sensational story published then, 
and often republished since, that a female member of Mrs. Williams's household 
(her daughter-in-law) rode through that dark and tempestuous night from Greene- 
ville to Bull's Gap, a distance of nineteen miles, and gave Gen. Gillem information 
of the situation at Greeneville, is a canard, as the writer knows from iudubitable 
evidence. 

The subsequent operations of the regiment until Oct, 28, 18(34, were unimpor- 
tant. Late in October. 1864, the regiment, as a part, of Gen. Vaughn's brigade, 
was posted at Morristown, Tenn. On Oct. 27th the regiment was ordered forward 
some four miles, to Panther Springs, to do picket duty, and met the Federal ad- 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



579 









vanee that evening, and a sharp skirmish ensued. On the night of the 27th the 
regiment was deployed as skirmishers so as to cover the front of Gen. Vaughn's 
brigade, which was encamped at Morristown, and the regiment some two miles 
West of that point. The night was dark and stormy. The men, drenched with 
rain and chilled with cold, stood all night in their places, under arms, holding 
their horses by the bridle. The Federal line at night-fall was about two hundred 
yards in front, and a renewal of hostilities in the morning was expected. Day- 
light came, and with it an abatement of the storm. The Federals advanced on 
our lines in the early dawn. At this juncture orders were received from Gen, 
Vaughn to retire the regiment on the main line at Morristown, but if possible 
to develop the strength of the enemy. Accordingly, the regiment was slowly 
withdrawn, making sueh resistance to the enemy's advance as to compel him to 
exhibit his forces. As the enemy deployed his regiments in the open fields, it 
soon became manifest- that it was an advance in considerable force, and that a 
charge was impending. These facts being communieated to Gen. Vaughn, he at 
once-ordered the regiment into line of battle at Morristown, where he was funn- 
ing to receive the enemy. About 10 o'clock A.M. the Federal forces — all cavalry 
— were advancing at a rapid pace in three strong columns of attack, one in the 
center and one on each flank. The regiment was now moving rapidly in front of 
these advancing columns to its position in the center of Gen. Vaughn's line of 
battle, which was formed just east of Morristown. By the time the regiment had 
reached its position and formed in line the enemy was upon us. The attack was 
made, not in line, but in columns, giving him the advantage of a concentration 
of forces at particular points of Gen. Vaughn's line, which was soon broken on 
the extreme left. The left of the line being thus broken and turned, the enemy's 
column penetrated to its rear on that part of the held. Then the whole line, 
broken and flanked on the left, and pressed by the other two attacking columns 
in front, gave way successively from left to right. In a short time our broken and 
retiring line degenerated into a rout, the Federals pursuing to near Russellville, 
where Gen. Vaughn made a stand and arrested the advance. Before reaching 
that point, however, the writer of this sketch was captured by the enemy. He 
was carried to Johnson's Island, in Lake Erie, and there detained as a prisoner 
of war until after its close in the spring of 1865. Consequently, he cannot state 
from personal knowledge the subsequent operations of the regiment. What fol- 
lows has been contributed by James D. Thomas, late Adjutant of the regiment, 
who was an eye-witness of all he relates. His statement is as follows: 

<* The rout of our forces on October 28, 1864, terminated at Kussellville. The ad- 
vance of the enemy reached Cheek's Cross-roads, about one mile west of that place. 
Here Gen. Vaughn rallied a few of our men and drove back that advance. I col- 
lected the men of the Sixty-tirst as well as I could. By direction of Gen. Vaughn, 
I took the regiment across to the Dandridge road, to hold in check any of the 
enemy who might attempt to cut us off' from that direction. After our force had 
passed beyond the junction of the two roads, I came up in the rear. We camped 
that night near Bull's Gap. On the 30th we were at Bheatown, Greene county. 
We beat up into Washington and Carter counties for convenience of forage till 
November 10th. Gen. Breckinridge having taken command, we then made an 
advance, and on the 10th drove the enemy out of Greeneville. W T e encountered 
him again at Blue Spring on the 1 1th, and after a lively skirmish drove him back. 



;so 



Mi lit ah y Annals of Tennessee. 



Another stand was made at Lick Creek, with similar result. The enemy then 
fell back to his fortifications at Ball's Gap, and we encamped before them. At 11 
o'clock that night our brigade was ordered to cross Bay's Mountain six miles 
south-west of Bull's Gap, and make a demonstration in rear of the enemy. We 
appeared at daylight on his rear, and drove in his pickets. We captured a train 
of cars and sixty prisoners. At the same time Gen. Breckinridge made a cautious 
attack to feel of the enemy's works on the east. After a sharp contest for two 
hotirSj the first line of works was taken: but it was not thought prudent to press 
the attack further. We reached our camp on the east side of the mountains 
about 10 o'clock at night. 

" On the night of the 12th Gen. Breckinridge, with his entire force, passed through 
Taylors Gap near the right flank of the enemy, to gain his rear, or strike him on 
his retreat, a retreat being suspected because of the unusual number of tires kindled 
by the enemy in our sight to deceive us. When we were in a mile of the Knox- 
ville road, I was sent with a squad of men to learn whether the enemy were on 
the retreat. I went to the house of Mr. Rangle, whom I knew, and learned that 
the whole force, bag and baggage, had just passed. Reporting the fact as quickly 
as possible, an advance was ordered at once. Our regiment and Bradford's were 
directed to strike the line just east of Ilussellville, another body to strike just west 
of that place, and a third at Cheek's Cross-roads. When we reached our point of 
attack the rear of- the enemy was just passing, and we charged with a shout. 
The other two bodies charged very soon, and there was an immediate rout. From 
that place to Mossy Creek there was the most exciting chase I ever saw. Now 
and then a squad of the enemy would attempt a stand, and a strong effort to rally 
was made just west of Morristown. But our men were full of enthusiasm. Those 
engaged in the pursuit were the same men who, on October 28, had been chased 
over the same ground by the same forces of Gen. Gillem when our Colonel and 
our artillery were captured. Men never achieved with more alacrity or enjoyed 
more fully a victory. We captured five hundred prisoners, two hundred wagons 
with stores, all the artillery, a part of it being the same we had lost. 

" Following up the enemy, we found him on the 16th in his fortifications at Straw- 
berry Plains. Our brigade that night crossed the Holston at a wide and deep 
ford six miles above the plains, and on the morning of the 17th appeared before 
the works of the enemy. On the 18th a cavalry force came up from the direction 
of Knoxville. Our brigade engaged them, and after a short conflict drove them 
back. That night we recrossed the Holston, and the next day our regiment was 
stationed on College Hill, within musket-range of the enemy's works. Our horses 
were sent to the rear, and we were ordered to hold that hill while demonstrations- 
were made at other points. There was only a small space behind the summit of 
the hill where we could be protected from the fire from the fort. One of our men. 
Theophilus Rankin, a noble boy from Dodd's company, was killed here. It 
rained heavily. The entire space we could occupy was covered with mud, and 
there was not a rock, stump, or chip even, to sit upon. Here we stood for two 
days and nights. Major Snapp sent to Gen. Vaughn, asking to be relieved, but 
without success. He then sent me to Oren. Breckinridge to inform him of onr 
situation. I had no difficulty in procuring from him the desired order. We then 
fell back, and on November 24th encamped at New Market, but soon moved up 
to Mossy Creek, where we remained till about the 15th of December. I cannot 



Begimental Histobies and Memobial Rolls. 



581 






give the precise date of our next movement; but when Stoneman and Burbridge 

made their raid on the salt-works we moved hastily up to Johnson's Depot, in 
Carter county. There, finding the enemy greatly outnumbered us, our entire 
wagon-train was ordered into North Carolina by way of Elizabethton, and the 
Sixty-first Regiment was ordered to escort it. We traveled night and day for 
three days up the narrow defiles, along the banks of Watauga River, through a 
Union population. We were greatly annoyed by bush-men firing on us from the 
cliffs and covers across the river. Two of our men were killed and several 
wounded. The road was merely wide enough for a wagon. When a team failed 
or a wagon broke, the whole train was stopped. The smithy on wheels ran too 
near the embankment, and fell over, a distance of one hundred feet, into the river, 
taking the team with it. In the meantime it rained, and the nights were as dark 
as I ever witnessed. Still we had orders not to stop on any account. I have seen 
very few more disagreeable times than that of our struggle up the Watauga 
Eiver with that wagon-train. When we readied the point where the Taylorsville 
road strikes the mountain, we rested a day and night; and it was a most welcome 
rest. We then moved on across the Iron Mountain to Lenoir, where we found 
friends, and where we enjoyed a welcome that almost paid us lor the troubles of 
the way. On Christmas-day we were in Wilkesboro, where we were cordially re- 
ceived and entertained; and here we received orders to recross the mountains with 
our train, the raiders having fallen back. We moved down the Yadkin Eiver, 
and pressed on across the mountain through Grayson county, Virginia, and by 
the Blue Spring road to Bristol, and then to Blountsville. From that point I 
wrote my last war letter, January 11th, 1865, which never reached its destination. 
Most of our men were near their homes, and we were ail furloughed for a week, 
that we might recuperate a little. 

"At the end of our furlough we were again assembled in camp near Bristol, where 
we remained with the brigade three weeks. We then moved to New Eiver, and 
thence to the vicinity of Christiansburg, where we were advised of Gen. Lee's 
surrender. "We then crossed the mountains into North Carolina, by way of Hill<- 
ville, to join Gen. Johnston. We reached a wing of his army near Raleigh, and 
were ordered thence to Charlotte, where we met the President of the Confederacy. 
Upon Johnston's surrender the regiment was disbanded." 

The foregoing statement, including that of Adjutant Thomas, is the most accu- 
rate sketch of the operations of the Sixty-first Tennessee Regiment from its" or- 
ganization to its disbandment that can be made. The writer had to rely mainly 
on the memory for both dates and events, but so far as these are stated they may 
be relied on as accurate. The writer, having no reliable data as to the names and 
number of the killed and wounded in battle, or of the far greater number who 
died from sickness, has not attempted to state them, being conscious that any such 
roll made out from memory alone without the assistance of company officers would 
be incomplete. He prefers, therefore, to omit it altogether, with the simple state- 
ment that when he last saw the regiment, October 28, 1864, it was a mere skeleton 
of a regiment, numbering not over one hundred men. 






582 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Webster, Daniel, d. 

Humphries, John E., d. March 22, 1863, 

Byerly, J. \V.. d. Dec. 27, L863, 

Kelsey, J. A., d. July 2, 1862. 

Bonham, R. B.. d. Sept. 15, 1863. 

Bar ham, James, d. July 5, 18C3. 



Official. ,] SrxTY-FiRST Tennessee Infantry. 

Colonel, F. E. Pitts; Lieiuenant-eolonel, J. G. Rose; Major, James P. Snapp; Adjutant, 
James D.Thomas; Assistant Quartermaster, Horace W. King; Assistant Commissary, Will- 
iam S. Armstrong ; Surgeon, James B. Pitts; Chaplain, William H. Crawford. 

COMPANY A. 

Captain, Nathan Dodd. 

| Campbell, Archie, d. June 28, 1863. 
| McNeese,F. M., d. July 14, 1863. 
| Mullens, J. H., d. Aug. 1, 1863. 
McGee, David, d. July 23, 1863. 
} Rowle, D. J., d. July 19, 1SC3. 
' Tullock, David, d. April 15, 186:3. 
COMPANY B. 
Captain, Wm. F. Sturm. 
Pressley, James M., d. April 28, 1863. 

COMPANY C. 

Captain, W. J. Johnston. 

Scott, Elijah, d. March 22, 1863. 

COMPANY D. 
Captain. J. C. Gallagher. 

I Miller, George, k. at Vieksburg. 

Painter, Joel, k. at Vick.-bnrg.; 

| White, James, d. May 10, 1863. 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, L. H. Denny. 

| Pugh, S. T.. d. Aug., 1863. 
j Phillips, Bcdj., d. May 20, 1865. 
; Shipley, Nathan, d. May IT, 1863. 
j Miller, Nathaniel, d. July 17. 1863. 
i Almarand, Georgp, d. April 8, 1863. 
Hoge, J. W.. d. April 2, 1863. 



Smith, Marion, d. March 2, 1863. 
Burgner, S. B., d. Sept. 1, 1863. 
Baless, J. S., k. at Vieksburg. 



Bevms, P. M„ d. Sept. IS, 1863. 
Barr, Joshua, d. Sept. IS, 1863. 
Cramp, Wm.. k. at Big Black. 
McCrary. Joseph, k. at Big Black, 
Miller, William, k. at Bi? Black. 
Pannel, G. W., d. July 16, 1863. 
Pannel, Samuel, d. Sept. 20.1863. 



Hamilton, Alex., d. Dee. 21, 186: 



Helton, G. W.. d. Feb. 24. 1863. 
Livingston, A., d. Aug. 6, 1863. 
Archibald, Allen, k. at Vieksburg. 
Daniel, J. W., d. Aug., ISO.;. 



Johnson. Joe!, k. at Vick-bur; 



Bible, Jacob, d. March 31. 1862. 



Linwood, D. C, d. July 2. 1864. 
Raystoo, F., d. July 9, 1863. 
Willett, J. "W.d.Jnly 1. 186.;. 



Vaughn, Jame3. d. March 31, 1863. 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, J. M. Alexander. 

I Helm. G. T., d. Jan. 2, 186-3. 

COMPANY G. 
Captain, F. M. Jackson. 

| Davis. Lewi?, d. some time in 186;!. 
Hetron, G. W., d. in spring of 1863 
j Livingston. J. W., d. Sept., 1863. 
! Spoon, James, date of death unknown. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, S. E. Mitchell. 

i Dunsmore, F. H.. k. at Yick-bure. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, W. N. Bewley. 

I Knight. J. W.. d. March 26, 1862. 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, Samuel H. Keltrtn, 

j Willett, N. R.. d. July 5, 1863. 

j Nichols, William, d. Apr;! 92,1863. 



Hegimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



;s3 






SIXTY-SECOND TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 



Official."] Field and Staff. 

Colonel, John A. Rowan; Lieutenanc-colonel, William Parker; Major, Simeon D. Reynolds; 
Quartermaster, Henry Donahoo; Assistant Commissary Subsistence, J. Crockett Rowan; Ad- 
jutant, Pearson B. May field; Assistant Surgeon, John Abernathy; Chaplain, Geo. \V. Ren fro. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, Nathaniel Atkinson. 



Densen. A. J., d. March 10, 1863. 
Black, Joseph, d. April 7. 1863. 
Coyle, William, d. some time in 1863. 
Dunivan. Jesse, d. some time in 1863. 



Hays, Newton, d. June, 1863. 
Greenberry, Lewis, d. Aug., 1863. 
Newman, J. L., d. Jane, 1S63. 
Standifer, J. S., d. some time in 1863. 



Jackson, Elihu, d. M:..eh 12. 1863. 
Jenkins, Collins, d. Feb. 13, 1SG3. 
Beaver, Andrews, d. Feb. 21, 1863. 



Kitterill, John, d. at Yicksbure. 



Grubb, Newton, d. Jan. 28, 1.863. 
I.owens, W. H., d. Feb. 9. 1863. 
Ingram, Isaac, d. April 8, 1863. 
Martin, William, d. March 3, In 



Willis, J. W., d. Jan. 13, 1863. 
Armstrong, Alex., d. Feb. 27. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain. B. L. Bible. 

i Malonc, J. H., d. Feb. 25, 1863. 
J Youngblood, J. S., k. in battle. 
I Browne, John, k. in battle. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, W. A. Mayo. 

I Remage, William, d. May, 1863. 

COMPANY D. 
Captain, R. C. Rowan. 

Smith, Robert, d. March 28, 1863. 
Drake, Willis, d. Feb., 1864. 
Johnson, Nicholas, d. Dec., 1863. 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, W. F. Lowery. 

j Baker, George, d. March 20, 1863. 
| Taylor, William, d. April 10, 1863. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, J. G. Blair. 
Crye, Jonathan, d. April 9, 1863. 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, W. W. Grubb. 



Datson, John, d. 

Yv ilson, James, d. July 20, 1S63 

Dafce, G. W., d. 

Cisler, Robert, d. 



J Canpghran, Isaac, d. July 2, 1863. 



j Dodson, John, d. 

' Dodson, Abraham, d. 

| Harrison, William, k. Dec. 29, 1862. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, Sfcimuel Henley. 
Allen, Alexander, d. Feb. 3. 1863. j Lindsey, Harry, k. March 28, 1S63. 

Malone, Thomas, k. March 28. 1863. | Stafford, Joseph, k. March 28. 1863, 

Lindsey, A. B., k. March 28, 1863. I Taylor, Joseph, d. Feb. 23. 1863. 

COMPANY I. 
fc Captain, William R. Smith. 

Burgess, Coleman, d. Jan. 6, 1863. \ Malone. Samuel, d. Mr.rch 4, 1863. 

Noma, Samuel, d. Feb. 4. 1863. | Hill. Eli, d. April 11, 1863. 

Smithpethpeter, James, d. Jan. 20, 1863. j Taylor, James, d. April 10, 1863. 

Mathes, Aden. d. Jan. 13, 1863. 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, Joshua Holromb. 



584 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



SIXTY-THIRD TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 

By A. Fulkerson. Goodsox, Va. 



In giving a history of this regiment, which was from East Tennessee, it may 
be proper to state a lew facts about that section. The region denominated "East 
Tennessee" is peculiar in its location, climate, population, and products. It is a 
mountainous country. Its people are rugged, strong, and independent. Slavery 
never was popular here, and only existed in a mild, patriarchal form. It is said 
that the first anti-slavery society in the world was formed in East Tennessee. 
But, though lovers of freedom, these people were never fanatics. Hence, when 
the war about slavery arose, they wanted no war; they protested and cried out 
against it. They were opposed to coercion, but Lincoln called out seventy-five 
thousand men to put down the rebellion. They were opposed to separation or se- 
cession, but the other parts of the State voted them out of the Union. They 
would remain quietly at home and take no part in the struggle; but this was de- 
nied them — both sides taunted and threatened them. The lines must be drawn; 
erery man was forced to define his position. Hard words and names were invent- 
ed: "Abolitionist," " Lincolnite," "Secesh," "Fire-eater." Suspicious hatreds 
arose, and this among neighbors; yea, brothers were arrayed against each other 
in deadly strife. It is evident that, in this section, and among these East Tennes- 
see people, divided and differing as to what course to pursue, part of its citizens 
favoring one side and part the other — and this among neighbors and friends, and 
often in the same household — out of respect for the judgment and sentiments of 
others, many times it required a heroic effort to do what was believed to be right; 
and hence it cost something to be a soldier. On this account the East Tennessee 
soldiers are entitled to much more credit than those living where the sentiment 
was undivided might think. The demons of war took possession of innocent and 
quiet homes, and reveled there until long after peace had been restored elsewhere. 
And yet, while there is much to deplore in the animosities engendered and the 
excesses perpetrated in this fratricidal war, we leave reason to be proud of the 
courage and manhood exhibited by the citizen soldiers who went forth and con- 
fronted death at each others hands for what they conceived to be the right. The 
descendants of the men who turned the tide of war at King's Mountain, New Or- 
leans, and Buena Vista, should not be enemies of each other. Let us "'beat our 
swords into plowshares, and our spears into pruning-hooks, and learn war no 
more;" or, if we must fight, let it be with a common foe, shoulder to shoulder, in 
all time to come. 

The ten companies composing the Sixty-third Tennessee Regiment Volunteer 
Infantry in the late war between the States were composed of East Tennesseans 
exclusively. These companies were organized in the spring and summer of 1S62, 
except Company E (Capt. C. R. Millard's), which was organized in Sullivan county 
in the early part of 1861, and formed a part of Col. John C. Vaughn's Third 
Tennessee Regiment, which participated in the first battle of Manassas and the 
burning of the bridge at New Creek, Va., where they captured a flag and piece of 
artillery, and afterward in the fight at Brimstone, Term., had two men killed — 
Henry Haley and Samuel Jones. Capt. G. R. Millard and privates David Ma- 
lone, Owen Briseol, and others, were wounded. Lieut. William E. Meredith, a 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 585 

splendid officer, and First Lieutenant of this company, died in camps at Center- 
ville on the 21st of October, 1861, just three months from the memorable battle 
of Manassas. This company was afterward detached, and became a part of the 
Sixty-third at its organization. The following were the company officers: 

Co. A: Wm. H. Fulkerson, Captain, Claiborne county; Heniy Fugate, First 
Lieutenant, Claiborne county; Isaac Parkey, Second Lieutenant, Hancock county; 
H. J. linker, Third Lieutenant, Hancock county. 

Co. B: Wm. Lyon, Captain, Roane county; Samuel Saffell, First Lieutenant, 
Roane county; A. M. Hardin, Second Lieutenant, Roane county; J. H. McClure, 
Third Lieutenant, Roane county. 

Co. C: Richard F. Powell, Captain, Hawkins county; George H. Neill, First 
Lieutenant, Hawkins county; L. L. Etter, Second Lieutenant, Hawkins county; 
Thomas W. Powell, Third Lieutenant, Hawkins county. 

Co. D: A. A. Blair, Captain, Washington county; J. R. McCallum, First Lieu- 
tenant, Washington county; James W. Carter, Second Lieutenant, Washington 
county; J. L. Wilson, Third Lieutenant, Washington county. 

Co. E: C. R. Millard, Captain, Sullivan county; James J. Acree, First Lieu- 
tenant, Sullivan county; A. H. Bullock, Second Lieutenant, Sullivan county; J. 
G. S. Arrants, Third Lieutenant, Sullivan county. 

Co. F: A. M. Millard, Captain, Sullivan county: W. P. Rhea, First Lieuten- 
ant, Sullivan county; G. W. Yosh, Second Lieutenant, Sullivan county; S. M, 
Jones, Third Lieutenant, Sullivan county. 

Co. G: F. A. Dyer, Captain; William H. Wilkinson, First Lieutenant; J. T. 
Layue, Second Lieutenant; J. A. Jackson, Third Lieutenant. 

Co. H: B. F. Brittain, Captain; R. A. Rutledge, First Lieutenant; C. L. Hutch- 
eson, Second Lieutenant; G. M. Routli, Third Lieutenant. 

Co. I: James T. Gillespie, Captain,' Washington county; J. G. Haynes, First. 
Lieutenant, Washington county; John A. Gammon, Second Lieutenant, Wash- 
ington county; Samuel A. Wiilet, Third Lieutenant, Washington county. 

Co. K: J. W. Robinson, Captain; D. K. Byers, First Lieutenant; J. P. Jack- 
son, Second Lieutenant, Washington county; Wm. T. Battles, Third Lieutenant, 
Washington county. 

As these companies were formed they were stationed at different points on the 
line of the East Tennessee and Virginia and East Tennessee and Georgia rail- 
road, to protect this great line of communication, which was constantly threat- 
ened, as well by raids from the Union army as from the hostile population at 
home. 

On the 30th of July, 1862, without assembling for the purpose, the regiment 
vr as organized, the companies voting for the field officers at their respective sta- 
tions along the line of railroad. The following field officers were elected: 

R. G. Fain, Colonel, Hawkins county; Abraham Fulkerson, Lieutenant-colonel, 
Hawkins county; John Alfred Aiken, Major, Washington county. Staff officers: 
U. L. York, Adjutant, McMinn county; J. F. Ford, Assistant Quartermaster, 
Hawkins county; Hiram Fain, Assistant Commissary Subsistence, Hawkins coun- 
ty; James S. McDonough, Surgeon, Loudon county; Wis. F. Edmunds, Assistant 
Surgeon, Hawkins county; Jos. Flora, Chaplain; N. D. Bachman, Sergeant-major. 

Col. R. G. Fain was a graduate of ^"est Point and an accomplished officer, but 
by reason, of age and declining health he was incapacitated for active service in 



586 Military Annals of Tennessee 



the held, and was with the regiment but very little; consequently the drill, lisci- 
pline, and command of the regiment devolved almost entirely upon Lieut.-eol. Ful- 
kerson, a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute, a Virginian by birth, but a 
resident of Tennessee from childhood to the age of seventeen, and a citizen of the 
State at the beginning of the war. He was Major of the Nineteenth Tennessee, 
and was wounded at the battle of Shiloh. 

After its organization the regiment was first assembled at Loudon, Tenn., and 
was there prepared for active service in the field. It was stationed at Bridgeport, 
Ala., to guard the approach to East Tennessee from the direction of Nashville 
(which was then in possession of the Union forces), to assist in the reconstruction 
of the railroad bridge across the Tennessee River, and to procure and forward sup. 
plies from Middle Tennessee. 

In the winter of 1So2 the regiment was ordered to Cumberland Gap to guard 
against the invasion of East Tennessee from Kentucky through that important, 
pass in the Cumberland Mountains. Shortly after arriving at the Gap, Gen. A. 
Gracie, with the Forty-third Alabama Regiment and Hilliard's Legion of Ala- 
bamians, was ordered to that point, when the Sixty-third Regiment and these 
two commands were formed into a brigade under the command of Gen. Gracie. 
This brigade, O'Conners battery, and a small force of cavalry held the Gap until 
|. the summer of 18t>3. 

A regimental report made at the Gap January 2d, 18')3, shows the total of en- 
listed men of the Sixty-third to have been eight hundred and forty-three. 

Opportunity tor drill, discipline, outpost duty, etc., had not been neglected by 
Lieut.-col. Fulkerson and the capable and efficient officers of the regiment, and by 
the summer of 1S63 it was in point of number and discipline one of the best reg- 
iments in the western division of the Confederate army. In the latter part of 
Tune, 1S63, Grade's brigade was ordered to Big Creek Gap and Clinton, Knoxville 
being threatened by a raiding party from Kentucky. The command was then or- 
dered to Knoxville. 

On the 27th of June the brigade, then a part of Gen. Buckner's division, was 
ordered to proceed to Tullahoma by rail to reenforce Gen. Bragg^s army, which 
was then hard pressed and being forced back by a superior force of the Union 
army under Gen. Rosecrans. Up to this time the Sixty-third had not engaged in 
any regular battle, and officers and men were disappointed on reaching Gen. 
Bragg's line to find his army preparing for retreat instead of battle; bat so it was. 
His army fell back across the Cumberland Mountains to Bridgeport and Chatta- 
nooga; but Buckner's command, including Grade's brigade, was given the post of 
honor, which in this case was the rear of the army. Gallantly holding Rosecrans' s- 
advancing columns in cheek, Bragg's army placed the Cumberland behind it, and 
the pursuit was abandoned. 

The Sixty-third was ordered to Knoxville, thence to Strawberry Plains, where 
it remained in camp until the latter part of August. On the 21st of August, 1863, 
the regiment was ordered to rejoin Grade's brigade, which took up the line -if 
inarch in the direction of Chattanooga, which was then threatened by the Union 
army in force. Reaching that place, the armies of Gens. Bragg and Rosecrans 
were found again confronting each other, the Tennessee River only separating them. 
Rosecrans succeeded in crossing his army to the south bank of the Tenne-see 
River. The two armies, maneuvering several days for position, finally selected 



Regimental Histories and Mxmoeial Rolls. 587 



the line of the Chickamanga River, and the bloody battle of Chickamauga was 

fought and w<>n by the gallant Confederate army. In this battle Grade's brigade, 
of which the Sixty-third formed a part, was assigned to Gen. Wm. Preston's di- 
vision of Bvickner's corps. On the 11th of September the brigade was ordered 
to McLemore's Cove to support Gen. Hindman's division, to check a flank of a 
portion of the Federal army under the command of Gen. Geo. II. Thomas, who 
had crossed the mountain from the direction of Bridgeport with three divisions. 
On the morning of the 12th our command passed Hindman's line, and came in 
contact with the enemy's pickets, with whom sharp skirmishing was kept up dur- 
ing the day. Late in the evening Gen. Thomas retired in great haste across the 
mountain. Our brigade was then marched toward La Fayette to meet a column un- 
der Gen. Crittenden. We remained at La Fayette during the night, and on the 
morning of the 13th marched out on the Chattanooga road to support Gen. Polk's 
corps. The same day we were ordered back to support Gen. Hill's corps, which 
was engaging the enemy on the Rome road. On the 14th, loth, 16th, and 17th 
we lay in line of battle between La Fayette and Chattanooga, the plans and posi- 
tion of the enemy not being fully developed. On the 18th skirmishing became 
pretty general along the whole line, with occasional artillery firing where the 
skirmishing was heaviest. At this time the rumor of reinforcements from Gen. 
Lee's army was verified by an order from Gen. Bragg announcing the arrival of 
Gen. Longstreet's corps. This announcement restored confidence in Bragg's army, 
and created the wildest enthusiasm. 

Saturday, September 19th, the great battle which was to decide the fate of Ten- 
nessee commenced in earnest. Heavy skirmishing commenced on the right of 
our lines early in the morning. At nine o'clock a.m. the roar of musketry and 
the thunder of cannon were continuous from right to center, and rapidly extended 
along the line to the left. Gradually the enemy's lines receded, though they con- 
tested every inch of the ground stubbornly. 

The Sixty-third was in the second line, supporting Stewart's division, which 
was in action, and was during the day exposed to the enemy's shot and shell. 

Lieut. Layne, of Co. G, had his arm shot entirely off by a shell, and private 
Kidd, of the same company, lost a leg. At eight o'clock p.m. the firing ceased 
along the whole line, the enemy being driven back at every point. A-Ve lay upon 
the field of battle that night, amid the dead, the dying, and the wounded. By 
nine o'clock of the 20th the battle was raging from right to left. About three 
o'clock p.m. our brigade was ordered to take a strong position on a hill, held by a 
brigade of the enemy, with one battery, flanked by a brigade on either side. To 
reach the position Gen. Gracie marched by the left flank to a certain point, formed 
the brigade in column, then forward into lino of battle. 

The Sixty-third, occupying the right of the brigade, Avas the last to form into 
line, and before it could reach its position in line the enemy had opened a terrific 
fire with shot, shell, and grape, which would have thrown it into utter confusion 
had it not been accustomed to drill and discipline. 

This was the first regular battle in which the Sixty-third had participated, but 
the courage displayed by these brave East Tennesseans on this occasion and their 
admirable conduct under a galling fire from front and flank were never surpassed 
by veteran troops. They were under fire in their position for more than an hour. 
Their ammunition was exhausted, anil was not replenished except from the car- 



588 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

— ; ; ■ 

tridge-bo.xes of the killed and wounded. Their ranks were thinned by every vol- 
ley from the musketry and artillery on the ridge above. Still, when the order 
was given to charge they gallantly stormed the enemy's fortified position, driving 
him into the ravines beyond, where a large number of prisoners were captured. 

It was now about sunset, and the firing ceased. The battle was won, and the 
shattered columns of Ro^ecrans's army were in full retreat toward Chattanooga. 
The victory was dearly bought. But few regiments suffered greater loss than the 
Sixty-third Tennessee Kegiment. The following are the casualties, as nearly as 
can be given at the present time: Forty-seven men were killed dead on the field. 
Many others'died from wounds received. Capt. James T. Gillespie and Lieut. 
Shelby M. Deaderick were killed and buried on the field. Sergt. C. T. Beidle- 
man, privates Benj. White, Henry Barnett.. Josiah Bushong, James Weaver, Wm. 
Weaver, Wm. Adams, and John King, of Co. E, and Joseph Russell, of Co. A, 
were also killed and buried on the field. Lieut.-col. A. Fulkerson, commanding, 
was severely wounded by a Minie-ball in the left arm, above the elbow, about the 
close of the engagement. Capt. Wm. H. Fulkerson was seriously wounded in 
the foot, and permanently disabled. Lieut. Henly Fugate had his arm shot off 
by a shell. Lieut. S. M. Jones was wounded in the thigh. Lieut. H. J. Baker 
was shot in the thigh. Lieut. W. P. Rhea was slightly wounded. Lieut. James 
J. Acree was shot in the leg. Lieut. A. II. Bullock ^ was wounded in the leg. 
Lieut. Geo. II. Xeill was seriously wounded in the left lung, and permanently 
* disabled. Lieut. L. L. Ftters sword was shot off. W. H. Wilkinson, who had 
been promoted to the rank of Captain, was wounded in the leg. Lieut. J. H. 
McClure was wounded in the foot. The aggregate number of men taken into bat- 
tle was four hundred and four, of which two hundred and two were killed and 
wounded. It is a source of deep regret that the name of every one of the brave 
soldiers of the Sixty-third killed and wounded cannot be perpetuated by giving 
it a place in the military records of Tennessee; but the regimental and company 
rolls showing the killed and wounded were captured or destroyed at the surren- 
der, and the writer has to trust to the memory of himself and surviving comrades 
for the names and dates here given. The official report of Gen. A. Gracie, except 
that part of it which refers to the Alabama troops in the battle of Chickamauga, 
is here given: 

"Head-quarters Gracie's Brigade, in Front Chattanooga, 

" October 2, 1863. 
"Captain: I have the honor of herewith forwarding the report of the opera- 
tions of my brigade, composed of the Sixty-third Regiment Tennessee Volunteers, 

Lieut.-col. A. Fulkerson commanding, on the days of the lUth and 20th 

of September, 18t>3. Taking position on the evening of the 13th inst. at Dalton's 
Ford, on Chickamauga River, early on the morning of the 19th the brigade formed 
its first line of battle, facing the enemy's works near Lee and Gordon's mills. It 
was exposed to the fire of the enemy's shell, wounding Lieut. Layne and others 
of the Sixty-third Tennessee Regiment. Further than this the brigade was not 
engaged in this day's right. On the morning of the 20th the brigade was ordered 
near -Dyer's house, on the Chattanooga road, where, again forming line of bat- 
tle, it again received the fire of the enemy's shell. Between 4 and 5 o'clock p.m. 
orders wtire received to support Kershaw's brigade, posted to the left of the Chat- 
tanooga road. Word was sent to Col. Kershaw that the brigade was ready, and 



Segmental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 5S0 

he ordered it to advance. Passing through Kershaw's command, the brigade found 
itself suddenly in the presence of the enemy strongly posted behind breastworks 
of logs and rails on the crest of an opposite hill. The iire of musketry, grape, 
and canister immediately commenced; but undaunted the brigade scaled the pre- 
cipitous heights, driving the enemy before it, and took possession of the hill. 
Holding the hill for nearly an hour, and ammunition becoming scarce, I informed 
Brig.-gen. Preston, commanding the division, that unless supported the brigade 
could not hold out much longer. Trigg's and Kelley's brigades were ordered to 
my relief. Though with ammunition nearly exhausted, the brigade held its own 
until the scattering fire of its musketry betrayed its condition to the enemy. 
Trigg's and Kelley's brigades arriving, the command withdrew to replenish its 
empty cartridge-boxes. 

" Early the next morning the brigade resumed the position it hod so nobly won. 
The number oi killed and wounded shows the desperate nature of the contest. 
Of about one thousand eight hundred and seventy carried into action ninety were 
killed and six hundred and fifteen wounded. Where so many distinguished them- 
selves it would be difficult to particularize. All nobly did their duty. 1 would. 
however, call attention to the following-named officers: Lieut.-col. A. Fulker^on. 
Sixty-third Regiment Tennessee Volunteers, who, in the absence of the Colonel, 
commanded the regiment and led it into action. To him it owes its discipline and 
efficiency. Col. Fulkerson was severely wounded in the arm, making, with the 
one received at Shlloh, the second during the war. He is deserving of a much 

higher position Among the noble dead I have to record the names of 

Capt. James T. Gillespie and Lieut. S. M. Deaderick, Co. I, Sixty-third Tennessee 
Regiment. I am, Captain, very respectfully your obedient servant, 

"A. Gracie, jr., Brisradier-general. 

"To Capt. J. L. Sasford, A. A. Gen." 

Gen. Buekner, our corps commander, in his official report of the said battle, 
says: "Upon Brig.-gen. Preston and his brigade commanders, Brig.-gen. Grade, 
etc., I cannot bestow higher praise than to say that their conduct and example 
were such as to convert a body of troops but few of whom had before been under 
fire into a division of veterans in their first battle. Stewart's veterans maintained 
the reputation they had won on many fields. Preston's troops imitated their ex- 
ample, and equaled them in merit. The recapitulation of the heavy losses sus- 
tained in both divisions is a sad testimony of the soldierly qualities of the sur%-iv- 
ors. Few troops who have suffered so heavily have been victorious on the field 
of their losses. But the result is only another evidence of the invincible spirit 
of our people." 

After burying the dead, the regiment, on the 21st, marched with Bragg's army 
to Missionary Ridge, and remained there until Longstreet's corps had been de- 
tached and sent to East Tennessee. The army was reorganized in front of Chat- 
tanooga, and the different State troops put together. The Sixty-third was detached 
from Gen. Grade's brigade and attached to Gen. Maney's brigade oi Tennesseans. 
But before reporting to Gen. Maney the order was rescinded, ami the regiment 
placed in Gen. Bushrod Johnson's Tennessee brigade. This latter brigade was 
ordered to East Tennessee to reenforce Gen. Longstreet's corps, which was then 
preparing for the siege of Knoxville. It reached Knoxville in time to participate 
in Longstreet's disastrous assault on Fort Sanders. The regiment continued with 



590 



Militaey Annals of Tennessee. 



Longstrect during his entire campaign in East Tennessee; participating m the en- 
gagement at Bean's Station, in which it lost in killed and wounded eighteen. 
Among the killed were Lieut. GaJbraith, of Co. C, and also private C. T. Smith, 
of Co. E; and among the wounded was James Whist man, of the same company. 
These are all the names remembered. The command went into winter-quarters 
at Morristown, and later at Dandridge and Bradson's Ferry. The troops suffered 
greatly during the campaign in East Tennessee, as Longstreet's army depended 
upon that section of country for supplies of every kind, including clothing. An- 
ticipating the early surrender of this important section of the country to the en- 
emy, it seemed to_.be the policy to strip it of all its available resources in the way 
of provisions, etc. Longstrect was consequently required to support his army of 
near twenty thousand men exclusively upon supplies collected from the people 
within the borders of East Tennessee. 

The last of April, 1864, Longstreet's army evacuated East Tennessee and proceed- 
ed to Virginia by rail: that part of his corps which lie took to Chickamauga re- 
joining Gen. Lee's army, and Bushrod Johnson's brigade reporting at Richmond. 
Thence it was ordered to Drury's Bluff, Gen. Johnson taking command of that 
point and of the line of railroad between Petersburg and Richmond. Tiie brigade 
at tliis time numbered less than one thousand men. Butler landed a considerable 
army at Bermuda Hundreds, and from that point constantly menaced Petersburg, 
the line of railroad, and Drury's Bluff, which at that time was the key to Rich- 
mond. The defense of these important "points devolved upon Johnson's little 
brigade, the garrison in charge of the siege-guns at Drury's Bluff, and the home- 
guards of Petersburg. Butler's first effort was to prevent communication between 
Richmond and Petersburg by destroying the railroad at Walthall Junction. By 
a forced march of Johnson's entire brigade it reached the Junction before 
much damage was done by Butler's troops. A sharp engagement ensued, Butler 
retiring within his fortifications. His next attempt was to capture Petersburg via 
Swift Creek. Johnson again withdrew his troops, leaving Drury's Bluff exposed, 
and by a double-quick march reached Swift Creek and took position along its 
bank, from the railroad bridge to Appomattox River, in time to check Butler's 
advance and save the city. We held this position until the next day, when Beau- 
regard's forces from North Carolina arrived, when we were relieved and marched 
back with Beauregard's forces to the fortifications around Drury's Bluff. On 
reaching that place Beauregard's troops took position on the outer line of works, 
but in a short time abandoned it and occupied the second line. Butler followed 
close upon our rear, and occupied the outer line of trenches with his entire army. 
On the 16th of May Beauregard determined to attack Butler in force. At day- 
light his troops moved out of their line and commenced an assault on the enemy's 
right, which rested on the James River. 

Johnson's brigade, which had been assigned to Gen. Hoke's division, occupied 
a position on tiie inner line of works immediately on the turnpike road. 

On the morning of the 16th tiie Sixty-third Regiment was formed on the pike, 
and marched by the flank down the pike in the direction of the enemy's works, 
and when within one hundred and fifty yards of an open fort, built immediately 
across the pike, the regiment was formed forward into line of battle under a heavy 
tire of grape, canister, and musketry. The enemy's works were charged with 
great spirit, and the fort on the pike was captured, the bayonet being used for tiie 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



591 






first time. Quickly the left company of the Sixty-third was ordered to shoot the 
horses and men of a battery of Parrott guns which was posted a short distance in 
rear of the enemy's earth-works on the left of the pike. This order was promptly 
executed, the horses being shot and the men killed or driven from their guns. 
A line of works extending: from the captured earth-works on the pike some two 
or three hundred yards to the next an.^le was instantly swept of its occupants 
by a flank tire. Meanwhile the right of the regiment suffered terribly under a 
galling fire from the line of the enemy's works immediately in our front, Cling- 
man's North Carolina troops had been ordered to protect our right flank, but from 
some cause they failed to come up in time to protect us from a, flank movement of 
the enemy on the right of our regiment, and we were for awhile subjected to a most 
destructive fire from front and flank, The regiment went into action with three 
hundred men, and in less than fifteen minutes one hundred and fifty were either 
killed or wounded. Still the fort was held. A detail was made to haul into the 
fort one of the Parrott guns, which was accomplished with great gallantry under 
a heavy fire, and the piece turned and used with effect upon the enemy. 

In this battle, among the killed and wounded are remembered the following: 
Lieut.-eol. John Alfred Aiken, one of the bravest of the brave, was shot in the 
head and instantly killed. Capt. R. A. Rutlodge, of Co. H, and Lieut. Win. T. 
Battles, of Co. K, were killed. Sergt. Thos. Morrell, of Co. D, was shot eight or 
nine times, and killed. The following privates in Co. E were killed: A. B. Jones, 
Jesse Hickman, F. M. Scott, S. S. Webb., Win. Coldbaugh, K. B. Rogers, C. R. 
Godsey. James M. Hatcher and Jacob MeCrory were captured, and died in 
prison. Of Co. K, Wm. G. Odeil was killed. Of Co. F, Geo. Doan, James W. 
Emmert, Jesse Collins, Nathan Galloway, Wm. Gray, and Wm. Cox were killed, 
and Geo. Smith captured and died in prison. Among the wounded the following 
are remembered : Capt. C. R. Millard, severely wounded. Frank A. Moses, the 
gallant standard-bearer of the Sixty-third, while bearing the flag to victory, was 
severely wounded in two or three places, whereupon James A. Lindaroood, of Co. 
E, seized the flag, and bearing it aloft called loudly for the men to go forward. 
In tliis battle Adam Harr, a brave private of Co. F, was shot in the head and in 
the left side, and as he called for help he was asked, " Where are you shot, Adam?" 
In response he said, " Right through the heart and right through the brain." He 
still lives. 

After the battle of Drury's Bluff the Sixty-third assisted in "battling" Butler 
in his fortifications at Bermuda Hundreds. It assisted in the construction of the 
sand fort at the Hewlett house, and was under the fire of the enemy's gun-boats 
there and along the line of fortifications from that point to the Appomattox Riv- 
er until Grant's army reached Cold Harbor, when the main portion of Butler's 
army and the army besieging him were withdrawn to reenforce the respective 
armies at Cold Harbor. 

Casualties were few during this period. Occasionally a man was wounded. 
George Millard, of Co. E, was killed on the line near the Clay house, and John 
Ellis, of the same company, died of a wound. 

On the 14th of June the advance of Gen. Grant's army crossed the Appomattox 
River at Harrison's Landing, and marched in the direction of Petersburg, for the 
purpose of capturing that place. On the 15th of June Johnson' s brigade, now 
reduced to less than five hundred muskets, evacuated the line of works in front 



592 



Militaky Annals of Tennessee. 



of Butler, and marched to Petersburg late in the evening of that day, for the pur- 
pose of protecting the city against what was supposed to' be a raid of Kautz's cav- 
alry. Before we reached there, however, the advance of Gen. Grant's army had 
captured the line of fortifications around Petersburg from Appomattox River to 
Battery Fourteen, near Friend's house. Hoke's division, of three thousand muskets, 
and Johnson's brigade were hastily thrown into line, Johnson's brigade being on the 
right and the Sixty-third Tennessee on- its right, resting near Battery Fourteen, 
the line extending to the left to the Appomattox. Temporary earth-works of rails 
and such material as was at hand were hastily thrown tip that night, tin plates 
being used for shovels. Sunday morning a charge was made upon our line by 
the advance corps of Grant's army in two columns. This charge was gallantly 
repulsed; but the enemy, receiving reinforcements, constantly charged our single 
line, consisting of a single rank placed at intervals of three paces apart. But 
they were successfully repulsed, and held in check until night put an end to the 
unequal contest. All night long Gen. Grant was massing his army in our front, 
and at daylight the attack was renewed by lines of such weight as to completely 
outflank and overpower our heroic little band. The larger portion of Johnson's 
brigade was captured, some killed and some wounded, and the remainder driven 
out of the trenches toward Petersburg. XJeut. II. I. Baker was killed; also pri- 
vates Ted. Morrell, of Co. E, and Nutly, of Co. K. Several others were 

killed, many wounded. Lieut.-col. Fulkersou, commanding, was slightly wound- 
ed and captured. ' Lieut. Godsey, of Co. E, was wounded; and about one-half of 
the regiment were captured and imprisoned at Fort Delaware, Morris Island, and 
other places, where a large number of them died. The command of the regiment 
then devolved upon Capt. J. W. Robinson, a brave and gallant officer. In the 
evening of the same day the small remnant of the brigade, including the Sixty- 
third, which at this time did not number perhaps upward of forty or fifty men, 
under Capt. Robinson, was again marched out to till out an unoccupied interval in 
our line and in front of one of Gen. Grant's batteries on a hill. "When amid the 
shot and shell we arrived in front of the battery, and within some one hundred 
and fifty or two hundred yards of it, the men were ordered to lie down, and a 
few sent forward to dig holes with bayonets. Meanwhile the enemy continued to 
shell the woods with a most terrific and galling fire. Some were killed and many 
wounded by the shot and shell and tailing timber. Robinson, of the Sixty- 
third, is remembered to have been killed. Capt. J. W. Robinson and Lieut. A. 
H. Bullock were wounded by the explosion of a shell close to their heads. 

The remnant, of the regiment remained with Gen. Lee until the evacuation of 
Petersburg, occupying various positions in the besieged line of intrenchments, 
among others the fort which was afterward blown up, and became known as "the 
crater." They were under fire of the mortar-shells almost continuously. During 
this time Lieut. Samuel Saffell is remembered to have been killed. The regiment 
was at New Market Hill, and subsequently at Signal Hill, where a detachment 
of one hundred men. under Lieut. A. H. Bullock, captured in the federal trench- 
es several of the colored troops. The enemy moved upon and captured Fort 
Harrison, which necessitated a hasty withdrawal from Signal Hill, during which 
heavy skirmishing ensued. Several were wounded. Among the number killed 
is remembered private George Smith, of Company E. Late in the evening of 
the same day our forces — Capt. A. M. Millard commanding the Sixty-third Ten- 



Kegtmextal Histories and Memorial Eolls. 



503 



nessee — stormed and recaptnredi the fort, together .with a goodly number of pris- 
oners; subsequently; however, being overpowered, we abandoned it to the enemy. 
In this engagement several were killed and wounded. 

South-west of Petersburg, on the Jerusalem plank road, on the 2d of April. 
1865, the remnant of the regiment participated in the effort of Gen. Hill to drive 
the enemy back, where the most of it was captured. The remainder, consisting of 
twenty-eight men, retreated with Gen. Lee's army to Appomattox, where it 
was surrendered by Lieut. L. L. Ktter, of Company C, a brave and chivalrous 
officer. Here terminated the organized existence of the little handful of veter- 
ans, all that was left of the noble and brave Sixty-third. Many of the survivors 
have since died; a few still survive, and are worthy citizens. The memory of 
both the dead and living is very dear to the writer, who trusts he is kindly re- 
membered by the noble men who stood by him and went with him through the 
fiery and fierce ordeal of the war. * 

Adjt. X. L. York, a splendid officer and soldier and an accomplished gentle- 
man, also surrendered at Appomattox. His remains now sleep in the Bristol 
cemetery. Peace to his ashes! Dr. J. S. McDonough, regimental Surgeon, suc- 
cessfully and with fidelity discharged his duties. He was a true man, a fine phy- 
sician and surgeon, and stood preeminently in the front rank of the army surgeons. 
Sergt.-maj. N. D. Bach man, a gallant and efficient officer, also surrendered at Ap- 
pomattox. Many others are equally deserving of honorable mention, but the 
writer had access to information derived from members of some companies resid- 
ing in the same community with himself, while he could not see and consult with 
the members of other companies who are more remotely situated. But an hon- 
est effort has been made to do justice to all. All alike are held in high esteem, 
and though this sketch of their many noble and daring acts is very imperfect, 
where they could be remembered they have been mentioned. 

Col. R. G. Fain, now dead, left the regiment at Strawberry Plain*, after which 
Lieut.-col. Fulkerson was promoted to be Colonel, and Maj. Aiken promoted to 
be Lieutenant-colonel, and Capt. Wm. H. Fulkerson, of Company A, to be Major. 
Col. Fulkerson, who was captured at Petersburg on the 17th of June, 18G4, was 
held as a prisoner of war at Fort Delaware, Morris Island, Fort Pulaski, and 
again at Fort Delaware, until the 25th of July, 1865. Lieut. James J. Acree, of 
Company E, died, and A. Godsey was promoted to be Third Lieutenant. 



OJicml.] Sixty-third Tennessee Infantry. 

Colonel, R. G. Fain; Lieutenant-colonel, Abraham Fulkerson; Major. J. A. Aiken; Surgeon, 
J. S. McDonouuh; Assistant Surgeon, W. F. Edmonds; Assistant Commissary Subsistence, 
Hiram Fain; Quartermaster, J. F. Ford; Adjutant, N. L. York. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, W. H. Fulkerson. 



Cline, Daniel, k. at Chickamauga. 
Robinson, B. P~, k. at Chickamauga. 
Jenning*. G. G.. k. f<t Ohickamatiga. 
Koeterson, Abraham, k. at CUi» k.imauga. 
Russell, J.C., k. at Chickamauga. 
Wiibura, Rufus. k. at Chickamauga 
Campbell, D. C, d. March 15, 1863. 
Campbell. Timothy, d Nov. 10, 1862. 

38 



i Carroll, Frank, d. Aug. 22. 1862. 
I Gains, Christopher, d. July 15, 1862. 
i Hatfield, George, d. Aug. 20, 1862, 
j Rimnion. Jam*", d. March 15, 1863. 
Shelton, Jasper, d. Nov. 15, 1863, 
i Sanders. W. B., d. Nor. 2, 1863, 



Was 



>ner, Garrett, d. Feb. 1, 1SC3. 



501 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Cros?, J. A., k. at Chickamfiuga. 
MeDaid. Jesse, d. Dec. 10, 1803. 
hVnley, Polk, d. April, 1863. 
Lamhorn, Thomas B., d. April, 1SG3. 
Lee, Thomas N., d. April, ISC-'i. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, William Lyon. 

Lee, Sylvester C. d. Aug , 1362. 
Soward, Robert W., d. Jan., 1SG:J» 
Taylor, Allen, d. Feb. S, 1863. 
Taylor, J. H., d. June. 180.",. 
Waller, E. F.,d. Nov., 1802. 



COMPANY C. 

Captain, It. F. Pov 



ell. 



Earl, William, k. at Chickamauga. 
Livvson, Orville, k. in battle. 
Powell, G. R., d. $on:e time during service. 
Flora, James, d. some time during service. 
Fudge, Adam, d. some time during service. 
Golden, C. C, d. some time during service. 
Hamlin, T. N., d. some time during service. 
Headriek, J. B., d. some time during service. 
Headrick, E., d. some time during service. 
Hansley, J. B., d. some time during service. 
Mabe, Jackson, d. some time during service. 
McNeese, George, d. some time during service. 
Mee, A., d. some time during service. 
\ Unofficial. ~\ 



I Holloran, John, k. at Drury's Bluff, May 16, 
| 180-1. 

| Anderson, D., k. in East Tennessee, Jan., 1S04. 
i Bains, W. R., k. at Knoxvilie, 18C3. 
j Briee, C. C. k. at Drury's Fluff, May K 1864. 
• Ear!. Robert, k. at Petersburg, 1864. 
\ Ferrell, Andrew, k. atJDrury's Bluff, May 16, 
I 1864, 

f Flora, Daniel, d. in hospital at Marietta, Ga. 
: Farns, C. C, k. at Knoxvilie. 180:1 
! Hud gins, Joseph, d. in Greenevill^. 1864. 
| Li how, John W., d. in hospital, 1863. 
I Norman, James, d. in hospital, Abingdon, Ya., 
180-1. 



Owi 



Isaac, k. at Drury's Bluff, May 15. 1 664. 
n prison at Elrrura, N. Y., 



Galbrith, Harvey, d. in prison, 1364. 

M err i man, James, k. at Drury's Bluff, May 16, ' Smith, James, d 

1864. ! 18G4. 

Galbrith, W T m., d. in hospital, 1863. j Wright, Elishn, k. at Petersburg, lSGo 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, A. A. Blair. 
Johnson, fl. H., k. at Chickamauga. [ Do.ak. James, d. * 

Nead, M. G., k. at Chickamauga. Humphreys, W. FL, d. Aug. 2T, 1862. 



Tipton, A. B., k. at Chickamauga 
Cooper, Robert, d. Nov. 20, 1862. 
Cowles, E., d. Oct. 20, 1862. 
Crumley, G. S., d. 
Colton, R. A., d. 



Hackney, H. H., d. Jan., 1863. 
Peoples, L. IF, d. July, 1863. 
Rupe, E., d. Oct., 1862. 
Van Dyke, T. N., d. March, 1S63. 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, C. R. Millard. 



Weaver, James, k. at Chickamauga. 
White, P. P., k. at Chickamauga. 
Smith, S. S., k. at Chickamauga. 
King, John R., k. at Chickamauga. 
Adams, W. P., k. at Chickamauga. 
Barnett, Henry, k. at Chickamauga. 
Bushong, Joseph, k. at Chickamauga. 
Beidleman, C. C. T, k. at Chickamauga. 
Jones, Samuel, k. at Brimstone Creek. 
Haley, Henry, k. at Brimstone Creek. 
Smith, C. T., k. at Beau's Station. 



I Bartee, William, d. some time during service. 
; Hughes, David, d. some time during service. 
' Hutson, Samuel, d. some time during service. 
! James, George, d. some time during service. 
! Rutledge, C. A., d. some time during service. 
! Vance, William, d. some time during service. 
White, G. W., d. some time during service. 

[Unofficial.'] 

Bushonsr, John, d. in prison at Elmira, N. Y. 
McCrory, Jacob, d. in prison at Eimira, N. Y. 



COMPANY F. 
Captam, A. M. Willard. 



Jones, John, d. Feb., 1S64. 
Denton. Henderson, d. March 
Denton. W. K., d. Feb., 1864. 
Hicks, \V. B., d. Nov. 1, 186a 
{Unofficial.! 



Miller, E. C, d. in prison at Elmira. N. Y. 
Smith. Geo., d. in prison at Elmira. N. Y. 
Sturm, W. G., d. in prison at Elmira, N. Y. 
Coleman, Jacob, d. in prison at Elmira, N. Y. 
Denton, Samuel, d. in rr^on at Elmira, N. Y*. 



Hilberf, Geo. W., d. in prison at Elmira, N. Y. | Miller, W. P., d. io pri-on at Elmira, N. Y. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



company G. 

Captain, W. H. Wiikerson. 
Alexander. John, k. at Chicfeimauga. Jenkins, J. P., d. March 15, 186:3. 



Aiexauder, W. S., k. at Chickamauga. 
Greeu, Hugh, k. ac Chickamauga. 
Rainer, Joel. k. at Chickamauga. 
Steven?, Benjamin, d. Aug. 2, 16G2. 



Jackson, L. N., d. April, 1863. 
His, Samuel, d. April 10. ISG3. 
Howard, Robert, d. Feb. 11, 1863. 



Brown, E. G„ d. Dec. 6, 1862. 
Gold, Jacob, d. Jan., 1862. 
Humne, R. B M d. 
Kincannon, J. T., d. Jan., 1SG3. 



COMPANY H. 
Captain, W. L. Brown. 

j Naler, D. C, d. 

Pat ton, W. N, d. 
j Ritchie, Josiah, d. 
[Smith, J. fif,d. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, James T. Gillespie. 
Erby, John F., k. at Chiekarnanga. i Raskins, Robert, d. 

Deaderick, Shelby M., k. at Chickamauga. I Bare, William, d. 
Gillespie, Capt. James T., k. at Chickamauga. ; Brown. Wiley, d. 
Miller, Johr. K.. k. in battle. j Allison, George W.. 

Hays, Nathaniel, d. | Bur3on, Z. T., d. 

Owens, John, d. ' Willett, Samuel A., 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, J. W. Robinson. 



d. 



Broyles, David, k. at Chickamauga. 
Boyless, A. M., k. at Chickamauga. 
Byers, H. C, d. Jan. 27, IS63. 
Robertson, J. N., d. Feb. 17, 1S63. 
Bell, H., d. Feb. 3, 1SG3. 
Allen, J. P., d. Nov. 2C, 1S52. 



| Andes, A. B., d. April 14, 1S63. 
Andes, Thomas, d. Aug. 27, 1862. 
Crouch, J. M., d. Dee. 21, 1S62. 
Harker. 6., d. 

Miller, John, d. Dec. 25, 18G3. 
Stephens, G. F, d. Nov. 28, 1862. 



EIGHTY-FOURTH TENNESSEE INFANTRY. 






Official.} 



Colonel, S. 3. Stanton. 



COMPANY A. 

Captain, W. H. McDonald. 

COMPANY B. 

Captain, H. H. Laodsen. 

Russell, Monroe, d. April 21, 18G3. 

COMPANY C. 

Captain, W. L. Wood. 

Keets, A. W., k. Dec. 9, 1862. 

COMPANY D. 

Captain, Raysden Robinson. 

COMPANY E. 

Captain, S. 3. Whaley. 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, J, G. Maxwell. 

I Nelson, Robert, d. Feb. 9, 1565. 

COMPANY G. 
Captain. W. A. Enson. 
Hughes, J. H., d. Feb. 2, 1SG3. 
N. B.—Thi3 regiment was consolidated with the Twenty-eighth Tennessee Regiment 



Webb, Samuel, d. Feb. 17, 1863. 
Nelr-on, Joseph, d. Feb. 16, 1S63 



590 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY-FOURTH TENNESSEE 

INFANTRY. 

By Thos. B. Turlev, Memphis, Tenn. 

Tins regiment was organized at Memphis, Tenn., several years before the break- 
ing out of the war between the States. It was incorporated by an act of the Leg- 
islature passed March 22, I860. The incorporators named in the charter were: 
Colonel, Wm. H. Carroll; Lieutenant-colonel, Preston Smith; Major, A. H. Doug- 
las; Major, Marcus J. Wright; Surgeon, Dr. N. Thumel; Adjutant, G. II. Mon- 
snrat; Captains, Win. Meeler, X. French, James H. Edmondson. J. Genet; Lieu- 
tenants, A. Munch, M. Maier, I). X. Kendell, John Geugel, James Specht, C. L. 
Powers, F. Krone, Isaac Straus, and R. T. Hood. 

As soon as war was declared and Tennessee called for troops, the regiment was 
reorganized, and enlisted for twelve months. Its field officers were: Colonel. Pres- 
ton Smitli, of Memphis, Tenn.; Lieutenant-colonel, Marcus J. Wright, of Mem- 
phis, Tenn; Major, Ed. Fitzgerald, of Paris, Tenn. W. H. Stovall, of Memphis, 
was one of the earliest Adjutant-. It was composed of the following companies: 

1. The Light Guards, of Memphis, Capt. J. Genet. 

2. The Bluff City Grays, of Memphis, Capt. J. H. Edmondson. 

3. The Hickory Rifles, of Memphis. Capt. J. D. Martin. 

4. The Southern Guards, of Memphis, Capt. James Hamilton. 

5. The Memphis Zouaves, of Memphis, Capt. Sterling Fowlkes. 

6. The Jackson Guards, of Memphis, Capt. Michael Magevney. 

7. The Crockett Rangers, of Memphis, Capt. M. Patrick. 

8. The Llenry Guards, of Paris, Tenn., Capt. Ed. Fitzgerald. 

9. The McNairy Guard*, of McNairy county. 

10. The Sons of Liberty, of Hardeman county, Capt. Chairs. 

In the early part of May, 1861, Lieut. -col. Marcus J. Wright, under orders from 
Gov. Harris, proceeded to Randolph, Tenn., on the Mississippi River, with a bat- 
talion of four companies of the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Regiment, and oc- 
cupied and fortified that place, which afterward received the name of Fort Wright. 
He also took with him the Steuben Artillery, of Memphis, an artillery company 
of the State, but attached to and under the orders of the commanding ofiicer of 
the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Regiment. All of its officers resigned before 
the transfer of State troops to the Confederate States, and the men were dis- 
charged. The guns and equipments were turned over to Capt. J. W. Stewart, in 
August, 1861. Its officers were: F. Krone, Captain; Joseph Geugel, First Lieu- 
tenant; Mar, Maier, First Lieutenant; A. Shubert, Second Lieutenant; Geo. 
Schmaltzreud, Second Lieutenant. 

While at Randolph, a few months after the regiment entered the service, the 
Southern Guards were withdrawn and formed into an artillery company, and 
their place was supplied by the Beauregards, of Memphis, Capt. Moreland. While 
at Bethel Station, and a few weeks before the battle of Shiloh, the regiment was 
joined by the Maynard Rifles, of Memphis, Capt. E. A. Cole. After the battle 
of Murfreesboro, the Bluff City Grays were detached, changed into a cavalry com- 
pany, and placed in the command of Gen. >\ B. Forrest. The vacancy thus 




;L MtCHAI 




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Li EUT jGh\ a -; 





^;£jt. q, //.collier 








~"¥ J: 




PRIVATE J I 



PRIVATE T S T,R.£' 



<2A : 



V?J%e ' 



-• j&L 



- '■- -'■' . ■ 



Zu. rr /". . ■/ 



' : 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 59? 






caused was filled by Capt. DeGraflenreid's company, from Fayette county, Term. 
After this date no further company changes were made. 

At the end of the first year the regiment reenlisted, and served during the re* 
rnainder of the war in Cheatham's division, Army of Tennessee. 

After the battle of Shiloh, Col. Smith and Lieut. -col. Wright were both pro- 
moted, and became Brigadier-generals. Major Fitzgerald was thereupon elected 
Colonel, Capt. Magevney Lieutenant-colonel, and Capt. John W. Dawson, Major. 
Col. Fitzgerald was killed at the battle of Richmond, Ky. Lieut.-col. Magev- 
ney then became Colonel, Major Dawson Lieutenant-colonel, and Capt. Marsh. 
Patrick Major. Lieut. Goodleti succeeded Lieut. Stuvall as Adjutant. These 
officers continued without change until the end of the war. 

The One Hundred and Fifty-fourth participated in all the campaigns and bat- 
tles of the Army of Tennessee with credit to itself and honor to its State. It 
was in the campaign in South-east Missouri under Gen. Pillow. It was at Bel- 
mont; at Shiloh; in the siege of Corinth; at Richmond, Ky., where it lost its 
Colonel and a host of gallant men; at Perry vi lie; at Murfreesboro, or Stone's 
Biver; at Chickamauga; in the attack on Mission Ridge; at Missionary Ridge; 
in the fights around Dalton and Rocky Face; at Resaea; at Adairsvilie; at the 
crossing of the Etowah and Kingston; at Lost Mountain and Xew Hope Church; 
on the Kenncsaw line, in front of Marietta, where it formed part of the force 
which held the Dead Angle; at the crossing of the Chattahooche; at Peach-tree 
Creek; with Hardee on the 22dof July, LSC4: in the defense oi~ Atlanta; at Jones- 
boro; at Lovejoy's; at the capture of Dalton; at Columbia and Spring Hill; in the 
bloody battle of Franklin, where Cheatham's division lost five Generals, and was 
left with a Colonel in command; at Nashville; in the retreat from Tennessee; and 
i.t Bentonville, X. C, the last battle of the war. 

Even if space permitted, it would now be impossible to give a correct list of 
the killed and wounded of the regiment. If the original roll had been called on 
the last day of the war, the answer to by far the greater number oi names would 
have been, " Killed or wounded in action." The writer remembers well that in 
the campaign from Dalton to Atlanta, from the 7th of May to the 22d of July, 
one company lost twenty-seven killed and wounded out of twenty-nine who en- 
tered the campaign at Dalton. Nine of the twenty-seven were killed, two per- 
manently disabled. The rest were able to return to duty. The regiment entered 
its first battle eleven hundred strong, It came out of its last fight a mere hand- 
ful of veterans, less than one hundred in number. 

Four officers of the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Regiment became Brigadier- 
generals in the Confederate army, to wit: Wm. H. Carroll, Preston Smith, Mar- 
cus J. Wright, John D. Martin. 

In conclusion, it may be said that no regiment in tho Confederate army was 
more widely or more favorably known than the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth 
Senior Tennessee; and its reputation for gallantry and soldierly bearing was de- 
servedlv second to none. 



59S 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Official.'] One Hundred and Fiety'-i-ouktk Tennessee Ineantky. 

Colonel, Preston Smith; Lieutenant-colonel, Marcus J. Wrigtlt; Major, Jones Gem 
Surgeon, Emmet, Woodward; Commissary, J. W. Dawson; Assistant Surgeon, R. S. Bu 
Adjutant, F. II. Robmson. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, Jones Genet. 



Chapman, W. M., k. at Shiloh. 
Glancy, J., k. at Shiloh. 
Gagner, E., k. at Shiloh. 



Powers, B. F., k. at Shiloh. 
Caison, A., d. March 2:4, 1802. 
Crum, C. S., d. July 24, 1861. 



COMPANY B. 



Captain, Henry 
Morris, L. H., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Barton, F. W, k. at Murfreer-boro. 
Bishop. J. W., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Carter, J. C, k. at Murfreesboro. 
DeGraffenreid.Capt. Henry E-, k. at 3Iurfrees- 
boro. 



E. DeGraffenreid. 
Williams, Henry J., k. at Richmond, Ky. 
Ross, N. B., d. 

Forrest, W. J., d. Oct. 2, 1862. 
Ellington, B. W., d. Sept. 1, 1862. 
Cannon. James W., d. April 15, 1SG3. 



COMPANY C 
Captain, M. Magevney. 

Hester, Michael, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Quinn, Charles W., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Lenehan, C, d. July, 1861. 
Barrett, Richard, d. Aug. 24, 186!. 
Duggan, John, k. at Richmond, Ky. 

COMPANY D. 
Captain. S. Fowlkes. 
Fowlkes, Capt. S., k. at Richmond, Ky. j Davis, Thomas, d. Oct. 27, 1862. 

Hamilton, Charles F., k. at Murfreesboro. [ Jennings, J. B , d. Oct., 1862. 

Debow, Solomon, d. Aug., 18*32. j Stowe, Joseph, d. Nov., 1802. 



Barry, John, k. at Shiloh. 
Reel, J. J., k. at Shiloh. 
Shannon, Martin, k. at Shiloh. 
Whelan, Michael, k. at Shiloh. 
WaW-h, William, k. at Murfreesboro. 



Capt; 
Moore, W. ft, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Claridge, B. F., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Rockholdt, W. C, k. at Murfreesboro. 



COMPANY E. 
in, John S. Donelson. 



Farris, J. J., d. March 11,186] 
Leggatt, B. F., d. July 7, 1862. 



Camerson, D. W., k. at Shiloh. 

Scott, John. k. at Shiloh. 

Myrick, J. W., k. at Shiloh. 

Bruce, T. M., k. at Shiloh. 

Alexander, P. P., k. at S:iiioh. 

Atkins. J. A., k. at Shiloh. 

McCarty, James, k. at Belmont. 

Bennett, R, V.. k. at Murfreesboro. 

Fitzgerald, Capt. Edward, k. at Richmond, Ky. 

Baucum, E., d. July, lfcG2. 

Covington, J. W., d. Aug., 1862. 

Kennedy, J. N., d. 

Rust, V. G., d. April 14, 1362. 

Russell, W. L., d. 

[Unofficial."] 
Towel!, Lieut. W. B., k. at Shiloh. 
Bowman, Corp. Nat A., k. at Murfreesboro. 
Alexander, Thomas, d. in service. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, Charles D. Cooney. 

Atkins, Boldy, k. at Shiloh. 

Bennett, R. A., d. in service. 

Conway, G. W,, d. in service. 

Caton, James, k. at Murfreesboro. 

Carthon, James, k. at Belmont. 

Edmunds, Howell, k. in service. 

Dunlap, Dowen, k. in service. 

Deas, Bob, k. in service. 

Hite, Dollie, k. in service. 

Foster, Carter, k. in service. 

Johnson, Henry, k. at Jonesboro. 

Lathan, James, k. in service. 

Kennedy, James, k. in service. 

McKinney. Mike, k. in service. 
| Pettijohn, A. J., k. in service. 
| Ray, Calvin, k. in service. 
j Wall, Henry, d. in service. 
I Waldin, William, k. in service. 



Regimental Histories and Memokial Rolls. 009 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, B. B. Hutchison. 
Drummond, W., k. at Shiloh. , i Love, James, d. Deo. 2Q, 18fil. 

Willen, Jacob, k. at Shiloh. Green, Joseph, d. May 2b, ISfil. 

Morrison, Jake, d. Nov. •>«>, 1861. 



Bauer, William, k. at Shiloh. 
Cowan, S. S., k. at Shiloh. 
.Donnelly, James, k. at Shiloh. 
Lovejoy, John, k. at Shiloh. 
McLelland, William, k. at Shiloh. 



COMPANY H. 
Captain, M. M. Patrick. 

McElery. John. k. at Shiboh. 
Randolph. David, k. at Shiioh. 
Hen<trick-, J. S., k. at Murfree.-boro. 
Gallagher, Thomas, k. May 12, L86L 



COMPANY [. 
Captain, C. R. Wharton. 
Wharton, M. W.. k. at Murfree^boro. | Covey, A. M., d. Nov. 24, 1861. 

Dearen, R. P., k. at Mnrfreesboro. I Jones', Thomas, d. Ang. 2, 18(32. 

Jones, H. H., k. at Shiloh. 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, T. H. Hancock. 
Famed, W. M-, k. at Murfreesboro. Clark, W. D., d. Feb. 12, 18t>5. 



\ 



Whittle, J. H., U. at Murfreesboro* 
Grenade, W. B., k. Tt Shiioh. 
Airs, F. M., d. Oct 20, 1861. 



Famed, J. S., d. April 20, 1882. 
Hendricks, H. W., d. Dec. 13, 1861. 
Laurel!, IV. W-. d. Jan. 3, It5u2. 



COMPANY L. 
Captain, E. A. Cole. 
Har', W. W., k. at Shiloh. j Vaecarro. C. N., k. at Shiloh. 

Brownell, E., k. at Shiloh. Piper, William, d. 

Allen, S. B., k. at Shiloh. j Harris, Jesse L., d. 

Marshall, J. P., k. at Shiloh. 



THE "YOUNG GUARD." 

By Edwasd Bocrne, Memphis, Tenn. 



Some time prior to the late war between the States there was a company organ- 
ized here called the ''Harris Zouave Cadets," which, being composed of the 
"flower of the land," soon became very proficient in the Zouave skirmish drill. 
For awhile every thing went well, but a difference of opinion upon some subject 
of importance relative to their company affairs arose, and a portion of the mem- 
bers withdrew and in April, 1S61, organized the " Young Guard." (Just here, in 
parentheses, permit me to say that the "Harris Zouave Cadets" continued their 
organization, entered the army, and did noble service throughout the war.) In 
May, 1861, the "Young Guard" went to camp of organization at Jackson, Tenn., 
with a full complement of officers — commissioned and non-commissioned — and 
about fifty privates. From the most reliable data I have been able to obtain, the 
following were the officers when they left Memphis for Jackson, Tenn. Com- 
missioned: Captain, John F. Cameron; First Lieutenant, John Eaine; Second 
Lieutenant, "William F. Bourne; Third Lieutenant, Otis II. Smith. Xon-eom- 

missioned: Orderly Sergeant, Jerome P. Wilson; Second Sergeant, Harney; 

Third Sergeant, Hun-don Cary; Fourth Sergeant, Barna B. Blue; First Corporal. 
John II. Jarnigan; Second Corporal, William Thomas. 



GOO Military Annals of Tennessee. 



At Jackson, Tenn., about twenty men from St. Louis (Camp Jackson), Mo., 
joined the company, which was reorganized and officered as follows. Commis- 
sioned: Captain, John F. Cameron (afterward promoted to Lieutenant-colonel ; 
First Lieutenant, William F. Bourne (afterward promoted to Captain, and second 
in command of regiment); Second Lieutenant, Otis II. Smith (afterward pro- 
moted to First Lieutenant, and brave as a lion); Third Lieutenant, Jerome P. 
Wilson (afterward promoted to Major in another command). Non-commissioned: 
Orderly Sergeant, Harney; Second Sergeant, Hunsdon Gary (afterward pro- 
moted to Third Lieutenant); Third Sergeant, Barna B. Blue (afterward pro- 
moted to Captain); Fourth Sergeant, Bob Shipley; Fifth Sergeant, 1*. S. Powers 
(afterward promoted to Orderly Sergeant); First Corporal, John II. Jarnagin (aft- 
erward promoted to Captain); Second Corporal, Wm. Thomas. 

At Jackson, Tenn., the company was assigned to the Fifteenth Tennessee Regi- 
ment, commanded by Col. Charles M. Carroll. This regiment moved to Uni< n 
City, Tenn.. where it was assigned to Gen. B. F. Cheatham's brigade. By permis- 
sion of Gen. Cheatham the "Young Guard" were allowed to be detached from the 
Fifteenth Tennessee, and in June, 1861, moved to Memphis, Tenn.. where the 
company enlisted for " three years, or during the war,'' in Hindman's le%ri"n, 
then perfecting its organization at Memphis. On July 10, 1861, Hindman's 
legion left Memphis, having attached to it Swett's battery, from Vieksburg, 
Miss. Proceeding to Arkansas, the legion encamped at Pitman's Ferry, Current 
River, on the line between Arkansas and Missouri. Here the troops joined and 
formed Hardee's brigade. This brigade, about August, 1861, moved into Missouri, 
going into camp near Greenville, awaiting there a junction with part of the Con- 
federate forces from Columbus, Ky., when it was intended to threaten St. Louis. 
While encamped here Hindman's legion was divided, ten of the companies form- 
ing the First Arkansas Regiment, the remaining eight companies being organized 
as the Second Arkansas Battalion, the " Young Guard " forming part of the latter. 
which was placed under command of Col. John S. Marmaduke, afterward a Major- 
general in the Confederate service. The movement on St. Louis being abandoned, 
the "Young Guard," with Hardee's brigade, marched through Southern Missouri 
and crossed the Mississippi River to Columbus, Ky., where, after remaining in 
camp some days, the brigade, now commanded by Brig.-gen. Thomas C. Hindman. 
was ordered to Bowling Green, Ky. Here the Second Arkansas Battalion was re- 
enforced by two companies from Arkansas, and was reorganized as the Third Con- 
federate Regiment, the " Young Guard " being known as Co. B. Hindman's bri- 
gade was now sent forward some thirty miles above Bowling Green as advance 
posts of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston's army. On December 17, 1861, the 
" Young Guard" met the enemy for the first time at the skirmish near Woodson- 
ville, Ky. Capt. Cameron, in command of this company and another, deplored 
them as skirmisdiers, and met and drove in the whole of Williek's Thirty-second 
Indiana Regiment, the company going through the engagement without the loss 
of a man, and only one man slightly wounded, but killed and wounded quite a 
number of the enemy. It was in this skirmish that the gallant Col. Terry, i ;' 
Terry's Texas Rangers, fell. The company was in no other engagement until the 
battle of Shiloh, April 6 and 7, 1802, in which battle they were prominently en- 
gaged, being in the first line of battle, under Gen. Hardee, and met with numer- 
ous casualties. There were a number of the company killed and wounded in this 



Kegimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. G01 



battle, but my data being incomplete I can only give a few. Killed: Robert Ship- 
ley, Fourth Sergeant. Wounded: ('apt. John F. Cameron, First Lieut. William 
F. Bourne, Second Lieut. Otis IT. Smith. Third Lieut. Hunsdon Cary, Orderly 

Sergt. Harney, privates John Lenox, George Dent, William Frazier, and 

Shea. Though the list is incomplete, the fact that every Commissioned officer, 
some of the non-commissioned, and a number of privates were killed or wounded 
shows they met the enemy bravely and like Tennesseans worthy of the name. 
In this engagement the company was complimented by Col. Marmaduke for con- 
spicuous braver}'. After this battle and the evacuation of Corinth, Miss., the army 
vent into camp at Tupelo, Miss., where a reorganization took place, and our reg- 
iment (Third Confederate) formed part of Wood's brigade, of Alabama, and our 
Colonel (Marmaduke) having been assigned to another command, Lieut.-col. H. 
V. Keep, of Yicksburg, Miss., succeeded to the command. 

In July, 1S62, the army proceeded to Mobile; thence to Montgomery and At- 
lanta, on the way to Chattanooga. At Atlanta our company (" Young Guard" and 
another were detailed as a guard of honor to the city, and as a guard to trains 
running out of the city, our Captain (Cameron) being Provost Marshal. Gen. 
Bragg having Inaugurated a campaign in Kentucky, the company rejoined the 
. army at Chattanooga, Tenn., and shortly afterward, with Gen. E. Kirby Smith in 
advance, entered upon the campaign and took part in the battle of Perryville, 
Ky., Oet. 8, 1SG2, in which the enemy were driven from the field and our army 
proceeded on its victorious tour. After -advancing to a point nearly opposite Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, they returned through Cumberland Gap, and encountered the ene- 
my again on the ensanguined field of Murfreesboro, Tenn., December 28th, 29th, 
30th, and 31st, 1802, In this battle Lieut. Otis II. Smith received a very serious 
wound in the neck. There were other casualties, but I have not the data. The 
company also took part in the battle of Chickamauga, September 20th, 1S63. 
But to mention in detail the various battles the company engaged in would take 
more space than is allowed. It will be sufficient to say that it was a part of Cle- 
burne's division, and took part in all the marches, skirmishes, and battles that that 
division did until the surrender of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, in North Carolina, 
in April, 1805, and that when they stacked arms for the last time there were only 
about a dozen of the old company present, the rest of the "Young Guard" having 
been promoted, disabled by wounds, in prison, or killed. The writer of this, who 
had the honor of serving as a private in this company, was one of the few pre-ent 
at the surrender, and is proud to say that the remaining representatives of that 
gallant company were not whipped or discouraged, and only stacked their arms 
because ordered to do so by our beloved commander, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. 
They would have gladly obeyed and much preferred his order to march or to fight. 

I find it impossible to recall, with a few exceptions, the names of my comrades 
that were killed, wounded, or lived to return to their homes. I think there are 
only three of the company living here in Memphis now — viz.: Lieut. Hunsdon 
Cary, Sergt. E. C. Brookshire, and the writer. In conclusion, I will give tiie 
names of those I can recall that were killed or Lost a limb in the service, begin- 
ning with the original officers — viz.: (First Lieutenant) Capt. Win. F. Bourne, 
brother of the writer, was killed on the 22d of July, 1864, in front of Atlanta, 
Ga., while leading the regiment r.pjn the third line of the enemy's work--, receiv- 
ing four wounds previous to the one that killed him. When he v, as first wounded 



602 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



— in the hand and arm — Color Sergt. Pixley, who was then carrying the color?, 

went to him to see how badly he was hurt, and tendered his services to have him 
cared for, to which he replied not to stop for him hnt to go forward with the col- 
ors — his last order — and both of them continued forward. Soon afterward lie 
was shot in the side, then in both legs, and fell on top of the enemy's third line 
of works. vYhile lying there he was shot in the head and killed. Thus perished 
a dutiful son, noble brother, and gallant soldier, in the bloom of youth and man- 
hood, -aged twenty-four years. There were only six other men besides him and 
Sergt. Pixley that reached the place, and Sergt. Pixley was the only one of the 
eight that escaped. The others were all killed, and the colors he carried were 
riddled. After the fight, wdien the enemy had fallen back a few hundred yards, 
Sergt. Pixley and the writer went to the place where they fell, and found my 
brother only partly buried. We completed the mournful task, it being bnpossil >\e 
then to remove his body. (Second Lieutenant) First Lieutenant Otis II. Smith 
was killed at Resaca Bridge — a brave, dashing soldier, beloved and lamented by 

all who knew him. Orderly Sergt. Harney, killed; (Third Sergeant; Capt. 

Barna B. Blue, lost an arm; (Fifth Sergeant) Orderly Sergeant P. S. Powers, lost 
an arm; Color Sergt. Pobt. Pixley, killed at Franklin, Tenn., in Hood's, campaign 
— shot through the head while carrying the colors; John Lenox, lost u leg. Quite 
a number of the old company who escaped death by leaden messengers have since 
the close of the war died from disease caused by exposure during the war, and 
they deserve to have their names enrolled among its victims also. Among those 
I now recall are (Captain) Lieut.-col. John F. Cameron, died with consumption: 
(Private) Orderly Sergt. W. A. Red ford, died with consumption; and (Private) 
First Lieutenant John F. Lovin, died with consumption. For a great part of 
the data I am indebted to Lieut. Hunsdon Cary and Orderly Sergt, E. C. Brook- 
shire. 



TWENTY-SECOND BATTALION TENN. INFANTRY. 

Official. ] 



Colonel, T. B. McMurray. 



COMPANY A. 
Captain, Thomas E. Taylor. 



Chisum, Pre3ton, d. Feb. 1, 1863. 
Hunter, L. F., d. March 2G, 1*6:3. 
Anderson, William, d. April G, 1863. 
Campbell, G. M., d. Feb. 1, 1863. 



| Wilson, J. L., d. Aug. 6, 1S64. 
J Nan-is, Bethel, d. June 27, 1S64. 
j Gambrell, John, d. July 20. 1864. 
I 



COMPANY B. 

Captain, James S. Gribble. 



Allen, William, k. at Murfreesboro. 
Cantrell, L. D.. k. at Murfreesboro. 
Wilkerson, L. H., k. May 27, 1864. 
Nuchols, J. E., d. Feb. 20, 1803. 



j Webb, Thomas, d. Feb. 1, 1863. 
Tanner, William, d. April 1 ! o, 1S63. 
Boren, James, d. 
Joues, Martin, d. April 15, 1363. 



COMPANY C. 

Captain, J M. Freiley. 

COM' PA NY D. 
Captain, John W. Boss. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



G03 



COMPANY E. 

Captain, M. B. Wood. 
West, Charles, d. April 15, 1863. 1 Simpson, Joel, d. Feb. 15, 1863. 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, O. P. Sohoolfield. 

COMPANY G. 
Captain, E. Hixon. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, M. A. Christian 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, Robert C. Gailbreth. 



TWENTY-THIRD BATTALION TENN. INFANTRY, 



OJiciaL] 



Field ajsd Staff. 



Colonel, T. W. Newman; Assistant Quartermaster, Miller Turney; Commissary, Walton 
Hiles; Surgeon, John Murphy; Adjutant, Wm. G. Newman. 



Gare, Edward, k. at Resaea, Ga. 
Waggoner, David, d. March 2, 1354. 
Wise, James, d. Dec. 17, 18G3. 



COMPANY A. 
Captain, W. P. Simpson. 

j Daniel, L. A., d. Aug. 12, 1688. 
Harper, Thomas, d. Aug. 16, 1362. 



I 

COMPANY B. 
Captain, W. T. Powers. 



Houston, James H., k. at Ohiokamau, 
Forest, W. H., k. at Chickamauga. 
Hane, J. A., d. Oct.. 186?. 
Sumers, N. S., d. June, 1362. 
Terry, J. C, d. May, 1862. 
Wilson, J. S.. d. Dec. 1862. 
Everton, James, d. Ju'y, 1862. 
Mills, A. D., d. July, 1862. 
McMurray, A. J„ d. Jan. 24, 1863. 



Williamson, J., d. March 10, 1803. 

Hooper, J. H., d. March 26, 18'33. 

Pudd, B., d. Aug., 1862, 

Young, R. W., d. July 1, 1863. 

Barnett, W. S., d. 

Rosenbaum, Timothy, d. 

Redd, D. T, d. 

Mintou, Leonard, k. at Resaca. 

Walker, Benjamin L., k. at Resaca. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, Thomas J. Stanfield. 



Shafner, M. D., k. at Chickamauga. 
Tribble, P. W., k. at Chickamauga. 
Nott, J. P., k. at Chickamauga. 
Blankenship, W. D., d. 



Gardner, M F., k. at Resaca, Ga. 
Troxels, W. S., k. May 14, 1864. 
Koonce, James A., k. May 14, 1364. 



Arvalt, W. J., k at Atlanta, Ga. 
Lunny, Francis, k. at Marietta, Ga 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, Joseph H. Baxter. 

[ Ally, J. H., k. at Marietta, Ga. 



Lock, W. C, k. at Resaca, Ga. 
Smith, J. M., k. at Resaca, Ga. 
Stephens, J. E., k. at Marietta, Ga. 
Esliek. William, d. Aue. 2, 1863, 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, J. L. Moore. 

Rotighton, J. F., d. April 7, 1863. 
Ron ah ton. J. M., d. April 9, 1863. 
Claxton, Rush, d. Dec. 20, 1862. 



004 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



CAVALRY. 



FIRST CONFEDERATE CAVALRY. 

By H. C. Bate, Nashville, Tenn. 

This regiment was organized at Spring Creek, Madison county, Tenn., abotit 
the 1st of April, 1862, under an order from Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston. The 
original command from which the regiment was formed was known as the First 
Kentucky Battalion, composed of troops from the western portion of Kentucky, 
and commanded by Maj. IT. C. King. The battalion was composed of four com- 
panies: Cos. A and B, Captains R. C. Grundy and James Pell, enlisted in and 
around Paducah ; Co. C, Captain M. Swann, from Calloway county; and Co. D. 
Captain J. IT. Guthrie, from Graves county. To these were added Co. E, Captain 
C. II. Conner, from Haywood and Lauderdale counties; Co. F, Captain M. V. 
Gray, from Shelby and Henry counties; Co. G, Captain C. S. Robertson, from 
Hardin county; Co. I, Captain M. J. Wicks, from Memphis; and Cos. II and K, 
composed of Alabama troops, and temporarily attached to the regiment. These 
two companies were subsequently transferred and their places supplied by two 
Tennessee companies, viz.: Co. H, Captain George Carter, from White county; 
and Co. K, Captain J. S. Tyner, from Hamilton county. 

At the organization of the regiment Col. Thomas Claiborne, of Gen. Johnston's 
staff, was assigned to duty as Colonel; Capt. James Pell, of Co. B, was appointed 
Lieutenant-colonel; Capt. Moses J. Wicks, of Co. I, was appointed Major; private 
IT. C. Bate, of Co. K, Second Tennessee Infantry (Bate's), was appointed Adjutant, 
with the rank of First Lieutenant: Z>r. B. F. Lackey, of Ripley, was appointed 
Surgeon; and Pr. John H. Ware, of Brownsville, Assistant Surgeon. 

During the Kentucky campaign of the fall of 1862, while the army was at 
Bardstown, an election was ordered to be held in the regiment to supply vacan- 
cies in the field and staff. At this election Maj. H. C. King was made Colonel: 
Capt. C. S. Robertson, of Co. G, was made Lieutenant-colonel; and Adjutant II. 
C. Bate was made Major. B. C. Brown, of Co. F, was appointed Adjutant, but 
being soon after assigned to other duty, private John F. Wilkerson, of Co. I, was 
appointed in his stead. 

From its organization, just before the battle of Shiloh, the regiment was con- 
nected with the Army of Tennessee, doing outpost duty during the campaign suc- 
ceeding the battle of Shiloh and the retreat from Corinth. In the advance into 
Kentucky it was assigned to duty under Gen. Forrest, and soon after entering that 
State was transferred to Gen. Wheeler's command, where it remained until the 
close of the campaign, which culminated in the fall of Atlanta. On the advance 
of Gen. Hood into Tennessee the regiment was detached from Gen. Wheeler's 
corps and assigned to special service with the advancing army, and shared with it 
the fortunes and misfortunes of that eventful campaign; and when the torn and tat- 
tered remnant of that <rrand Army of the West recrossed the Tennessee River 




itJ 



A J . H. C, BATE 




CAPT J AS W 1 R vV 



5 



.-._/; •. • ' •' 



• - 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



go; 



and returned to Corinth, the regiment was assigned to Gen. W. JL Jackson's di- 
vision of Gen. Forrest's corps, where it remained until the surrender of that great 
captain at Gainesville, Ala., on the 12th of May, 1805. It was in active service- 
as a regiment over three years, and from over a thousand men on its rolls at the 
time of its organization it surrendered with less than two hundred men fit for 
duty. Its history is a part of the glorious history of the Army of Tennessee. 

Note. — In the list of officers the following were inadvertently omitted: Sur- 
geons, Dr. 13. F. Lackey (transferred), Dr. John H. Ware; Assistant Surgeons, John 
II. Ware (promoted), William Hoover; Adjutant, B. C. Brown, promoted to As- 
sistant Quartermaster; Captains, George Carter, J. IT. Ammonett; Second Lieu- 
tenants, 1L W. Reynolds, It. L. Mitchell, John Kiley, J. W. Wheeler, J. L. Good- 
bar. Second Lieutenant Joseph Sevier should have been reported killed at Deca- 
tur, Ga. It is much regretted that the regimental books containing complete 
muster-rolls of the regiment from its organization were lost with Gen. Wheeler's 
train during the last campaign in North Carolina. Most of the record herewith 
published is from personal recollections. 



From Gen. Joseph Wheeler. 

List of officers killed or died of exposure or wounds, wounded in battle, promoted, trans- 
ferred, resigned, etc., during the war: 

Colonels. 
Claiborne, Thomas F., transferred. j King, H. Clay. 

Lay, John T., transferred. } Cox, John T. 



Pell, James, resigned. 



Wicks, M. J., transferred. 
Chalmers, A. II., resigned. 



LlEUTENANT-COI.ONELS. 

I Robertson, C. S. 



Majors. 

I Bate, H. C, wounded at llurfreesboro. 



Bate, H. C, promoted September, 1862. 

King, H. Clay, promoted. 

Grundy, R. C, resigned. 

Boyd, Felix G. 

Pell, James, promoted. 

Husbands, J. H. 

Swann, Minsnh. k. at Perryville, Ky. 

Guthrie, J. H-, resigned. 

Nanny, W. J. 



Adjutants. 

j Wilkerson, John F 

Captains. 

Conner, Charles H. 

Gray, Jr. V., resigned. 

Robertson, C. S., promoted. 

Irwin, James U. 

Wicks, M. J., promoted. 

Bettis, A.C. 

Jackson. T. S., k. at Blackland, Mis3. 

Tyner, J. S. 



Grundy, R. C, promoted. 

Boyd, F. G, promoted. 

Futrell, J. F., k. nt Williamsburg, Ky. 

PI urn lee. Wm. T. 

Husband?, J. H., promoted. 

Hardin, R. EL, wounded at Booneville, Miss 

Wilkinson, F. M. 

McPherson, Arch. 

Nanny, W. J , promoted. 

Boydston, , resigned. 

Allen, Robert. 



First Lieutenants. 

i Johnson, Robert. 

j Johnson, . 

I Rogers, . 

I Irwin, Jnmes W. 
J Forrest. .7. 

Tnckson, T. 9., promoted. 

Bettis, A. C, promoted. 

Este*, L. N, wounded at New Hope. Ga. 

Anderson, , wounded at Pumpkm-wn>: 

Creek. Ga. 



606 



Military Anxals of Tennessee. 



Second Lieutenant* 



Boyd, F. G., promoted. 

Pell, Wm. H., promoted. 

Plumlf-e, Wm. T., resigned. 

Jone.*, J. K., wounded at Resaea, Ga. 

Clarke, \V. C. 

McCune. Alex. 

Hardin, K. H., promoted. 

Jones, James, k. accidentally., 

Kelly, J. F. 

West, James H. 

Yow, J. B., k.-at Pari-;. Term. 

McFherson, Archibald, promoted. 



Allen, Robert, promoted. 

Carson, T. B. 

Ricks. Robert. 

Sinclair, Frank Bf. 

Pillow, S. D. 

Forrest, J., promoted. 

Sevier, Jos. 

Hardin, . 

Bettis, A. C, promoted. 

E.tes, L. N. 

Douglass, J. E.. transferred. 

2s'olaiid, R. C, wounded ac La Vergne, Term. 



FIRST TENNESSEE CAVALRY, 

Bv James E. Carter, Knoxville, Tenn. 



The Third Battalion Tennessee Cavalry »vas organized in 1861: Wm. Brazel- 
ton, Lieutenant-colonel, commanding; James Bradford, Major. J. A. Goldy, 
Captain Co. A; Burt. Lenty, Captain Co. B; Wm. Snow, Captain Co. C; John 
Robertson, Captain Co. I>; Tim Bradley, Captain Co. E; Charley Baker, Captain 
Co. F. Reorganized April, 18G2: Jas. E. Carter, Lieutenant-colonel; Onslow 
Bean, Major. A. M. Gofortn, Captain Co. A; G. B. Keys, Captain Co. B; John 
B. King, Captain Co. C; W. S. Greer, Captain Co. D; Elbert Hurst, Captain Co. 
E; Tim Bradly, Captain Co. F. 

The First Regiment Tennessee Cavalry, C. S. A., was organized in October, 
1S62: Jas. E. Carter, Colonel; Onslow Bean, Lieutenant-colonel; A. Ml Gofortb, 
Major; "W. W. Giddens, Captain and Assistant Quartermaster; H. C. Greer, Cap- 
tain and Assistant Commissary; J. I). Carter, Lieutenant and Adjutant. G. B. 
Keys, Captain Co. A; S. J. Wheeler, First Lieutenant; M. G. DcDonald, Second 
Lieutenant; E. S. Morrill, Third Lieutenant. John B. King, Captain Co. B; W. 
S. Montgomery, First Lieutenant; F. Gardenhire, Second Lieutenant; John Tur- 
ner, Third Lieutenant. R. S. Vandyke, Captain Co. C; J. A. Turley, First Lieu- 
tenant; A. J. Thompson, Second Lieutenant; W. T. Miller, Third Lieutenant. 
W. S. Greer, Captain Co. D; Floyd McDonald, First Lieutenant. John Jarna- 
gin, Captain Co. E; I). C. Smart, First Lieutenant; Alex. Monroe, Second Lieu- 
tenant; James Kilts, Third Lieutenant. Frank Fulkerson, Captain Co. F; L. 
W.Jennings, First Lieutenant; Wm. Latham, Second Lieutenant; Wm. Lewis 
Third Lieutenant. A. R. Wiggs, Captain Co. G; C. Cate, First Lieutenant; Wm. 
Hut ton, Second Lieutenant; J. M. Kidd, Third Lieutenant. David Neff, Captain 
Co. H; T. Coursey, First Lieutenant; D. C. Tolly, Second Lieutenant; J. T. 

Thomas, Third Lieutenant. William Wallace, Captain Co. I; Carnes, First 

Lieutenant. R. M. Swearingen, Captain Co. K; Pryor Gammon, First Lieuten- 
ant; S. M. Inm-'.n, Second Lieutenant; T. D. Fox, Third Lieutenant. The fol- 
lowing two companies were added to the regiment in the latter part of 1363, and 
did efficient service: Co. L — William Blackburn, Captain; William Gibson, First 

Lieutenant; Shoemaker, Second Lieutenant. Co. M — Ed. Gammon. Captain; 

D. D. Anderson, First Lieutenant; David Taylor, Second Lieutenant; John Tay- 
lor, Third Lieutenant. 



BeGDTEXTAL HISTORIES AND MEMORIAL PtOLLS. C07 



After the death of Major Goforth, Capt. John B. King was Major of the regi- 
ment. After Major King was killed, Captain K. S. Vandyke became Major of 
the regiment. After Major Vandyke was killed, the oflioe was vacant until the 
close of the war. Alter the promotion of Capt. King to the Majority of the reg- 
iment, Lieut. W. S. Montgomery became Captain of Co. 15. After the promotion 

of Capt. Vandyke to the Majority of the regiment, was Captain of Co. 

C. D. C. Smart became Captain of Co. E after Capt. Jarnagin was killed. J. M. 
Kidd was Captain of Co. G at the close of the war. T. Coursey was Captain of 
Co. II at the close of the war. 

The death-roll of the regiment is as follows: 

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 
Miller. Lieut W. T., k. at Baker's Creek, Mi??., ; McDonald, Lieut. Floyd, k. in the Valley of 

May 1G. 1863. Virginia, 1804. 

Goforth, Maj. A. M., k. at Mossy Creek, Tenn.. I Gammon. Capt. Ed., k. at Morristown. TVnn., 

Dec, 1863. ! Oct. 28, 1804. 

Kins, Maj. J. B., k. at Piedmont, Va., June 5, ! Bean. Lieut.-col. Onslow, k. at Marion, Va., 

1SG4. j Dec. 1861. 

Jarnagin, Capt. John, k. at Piedmont, Va., June * Thomas, Lieut. J. T., k. in Green ceunty, Tenn.. 

5, 1SG4. j Jan., 18G5. 

Vandyke, Maj. R. S-,k. at White Post, Va., Aug., [ 

1SG4. 

COMPANY A. 
Caper, Willis, k. at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Dec. J Hohack, Will, k. at Piedmont, Va., Tune 3. 1864. 

29, 1862. \ Geist, John, k. at Morristovrn, Tenn.. 1864. 

Finn, John FL, k.at Piedmont, Va., June?, 1SG4. 1 Barton, Oscar, k. at Marion, Va., Pec^lSG4. 

COMPANY B. 
Roberts, David, k. at South Fork of Cumber- ! Adams, A., k. at Piedmont, Va., June 5, 1-864. 

land River ( Kyi, 1861. j Luttreil, Jo., k. near Dalton, Ga., 1864. 

Boyd, Hiram, k.at South Fork oC Cumberland ; Rhea. Jas.. k. near Chattanooga, Oct.. I8G3. 

River (Ky.), 1861. | Winset, Wm., k. at Murfreesboro. Tenn., Dec, 

Potter, Silas, k. at Blue Springs, Tenn., Sept., j 1862. 

18G3. Reinhart, , k. at Piedmont, Va., June 5, 

Trew, Tom, k. at Somerset, Ky., 1S62. I 1SG4. 

COMPANY C. 
Coats, Newton, k. at Tazewell, Tenn.. 1852. I Smith, Hezekiah, k. at Strawberry Plains, 

Lane, W. P., k. ac White Po>r, Va., Aug., 18G4. | Tenn., Nov., 1SG.3. 

COMPANY D. 
Piatt, Henry P., k. at Big Creek Gap, Tenn.. j Henderson, Harvy, regimental bugler, k. at 
Aug. 30. 1862. , j Piedmont, Va., June 5, 18G4. 

COMPANY E. 
Beeler, Isaac, k. at Cumberland Gap, 180:!. Blackwell, Jake, ic. at Marion, Va.. Pee.. 1861. 



Graham, Sam, k. at Piedmont, Va., June 
18G4. 



McBee, John. k. at Newtown, Va.. Aug. 11, 1S<U 
Hankins. John, k. at Piedmont, Va., June 5. 
^ 1864. i 

COMPANY G. 
Fron, R.. k. at Somerset, Ky., March 31, 1863. 

COMPANY K. 
Culpepper. D. H M k. on picket (Ky.), Jan., 1862.1 Watkins, Carlow, k. at Murfreesboro, Pec. 27, 

1 186-2. 

The regiment was in some severe fighting in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Vir- 
ginia. Was on the campaign in Kentucky with Gen. E. K. Smith, in 1862. Was 



COS 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



in the main battle of Murfreesboro, under the gallant Gen. John Pegram. Was 
detached from the brigade and sent with Gen. Wheeler in rear of the enemy's 
lines, where it did some very effective work. Co. C, Capt. Vandyke's, was in 
the siege of Vicksburg, where it did valuable service. Co. K, Capt. Swearin- 
gen, was with Gen. Johnston on his memorable march from Dalton, Ga., to At- 
lanta, and did some hard fighting. The regiment also fought gallantly while in 
the Valley of Virginia, beginning with Piedmont — or, as the Federals call it, New 
Hope Church. In this battle the regiment suffered heavy loss in officers and men. 
Then we were in the memorable campaign under Gen. Early against Washington, 
and afterward with him all through his valley campaign. There was no better 
fighting material in the Confederate army than this regiment. 

Co. A was made up in Khea county; Co. B, in Hamilton county; Co. C, in Me- 
Minn county; Co. L>. in Rhea and Bledsoe counties; Co. E, in Union and Knox 
counties; Co. F, in Claiborne county; Co. G, in Blount county ; Co. H, in Jefferson 
county; Co. I, in Blount county; Co. K, in Jefferson county; Co. L, in Claiborne 
county; Co. M, in Washington, Sullivan, and Carter counties. 



Official.'] 



First Tennessee Cavalry. 

Colonel, James E. Carter. 



Duncan, Robert, d. March 8, 1862. 

Holmes, George W., d. July 3, 1862, at Bean's 

Station. 
Rogers, W. L, d. March 0, 1S62. 



COMPANY A. 
Captain, A. M. Goforth. ' 

Taylor, J. T.. d. at Cumberland Gap. 
Wilson, William, d. April 20, 1802. 
While, William, d. at Wallace's Cross-roads, 
Aug. 16, 1862. 



COMPANY B. 
Captains: Burt. Lenty and John B. King. 



Farmer, D. W., d. Aug. 15, 1802. 
Ward, J. H, accidentally shot. 
Bunn, T. H, d. Aug. 28, 1862, at Fincastle, 
Tenn. 



Dillahunty, James, k. in action, Sept.l, 1862. 
Patterson, William, d. March 20, 1862, at Fir.- 
ca:-tlp, Tenn. 



COMPANY C. 
Captains: Richard S. Vandyke and William F. Gass. 
Denton, A., d. June 8. 1863, at Vicksburg. I Henry, Addison, d. Jan. 24, 1362, at Livingston, 

Colter, Alexander A., d. April 12, 1862. j Tenn. 

COMPANY D. 
Captain, John Robertson. 
Norris, W. D., d. March, 1862, at Cumberland j Smith, Jacob, d. March 18, 1S62. 
Gap. - ' 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, W. S. Greer. 
Piatt, Henry P., k. by bush-whackers, Aug. 30, f Koust, W. T., d. June 5, 1862, at Kingston. 

1862, at Big Creek Gap. I Basseit* W. W., d. July 14, 1882, at Wallace's 

Henry, A. L., d. at Livingston, Tenn., Feb. 25, j Cross-roads, Tenn. 
1862. 

COMPANY F. 

Captain, F. Fulkersoo. 

Tucker, J. P., d. June 28, ISG2. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Eolls. 609 

COMPANY G. 

Captain, A. R. Wiggs. 

Trow, R., k. March 31, 1863, at Somerset, Ky. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, David N'eff. 
Higg5, J. N. B., d. March 26, 1862, at Henry I Wiiison, John, d. Feb. 28, 18C2, at Paris, Tenn. 
Station, j Fret-man, W. A., d. April 1, 1SC2, at home. 

COMPANY I. 

Captain, William Wallace. 

Jones, A. W. B., d. Sept. 1, 1S62. 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, R. M. Swearingen. 

Delashnnt, G. B., d. Aug. 4, I8G2. j MeEenzie, J. C, d. April 30, 1SG2. 

Loyd, J. C, d. April 27, ISO-'. 



FIRST TENNESSEE CAVALRY." 

Official.'] 

Colonel, James T. Wheeler. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, G- M. V. Kinzer. 

COMPANY B. 

Lieutenant, W. P. Wagoner. 
< 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, Thomas B. Wiison. 

COMPANY D. 

Captain, L. K. Hooper. 

White, W R.. k. near Columbia, Term., Oct. 12, 1864. 

The following memoranda appear on one of the muster-rolls, under the heading of "Rec- 
ord of Events:" 

"This company participated in all the different engagements along the line of the Chatta- 
hooche Ri.er and around Atlanta, Ga., up to the 10th of August, 1S64. Moved thence with the 
regiment, under command of Gen. Wheeler, to rear of enemy in North Georgia, to Ballon; 
thence to East Tennessee about Knoxville, crossing the Hiawassee, Tennessee, French Broad. 
Holston, and Clinch rivers; thence across Cumberland .Mountains to a point near Nashville, 
in Middle Tennessee; from thence to South Florence, Ala., crossing Tenne^ee River at Coi- 
bert Shoals; having marched a distance of -.bout eight hundred miles from August 10th to 
September 6th. The regiment, having been temporarily transferred to Gen. Forrest's com- 
mand, crossed Tennessee River in rear r>f the enemy's lines, participated in the various en- 
gagements and captures made by bis command in North Alabama and Middle Tetines-ee. and 
recrossed the river Oct. 8, IStMt, with orders to join Maj.-gen. Wheeler's command in North 
Georgia. Moved across Alabama, to Gadsden, Ala. Since August 10th the company has 
marched at least two thousand mile.", been almost continuously in the saddle, participated in 
all of the various engagements of Wheeler's cavairy with Gen. Sherman's command, from 
Griffin to Savannah, Ga." 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, James T. Polk. 
Dandridge, A. B.. d. Oct. 18, 1863. Maxell. W. M-, k. June 23, 1864.' 

Shaddin, A. E., k. by bush-whackers. Nov. 14, Str.ith, .1. R.. d. a prisoner. 
lS&J. Turner, Ned, d. at hospital. 



Davis, J. II., k. while on a raid, Sept. 2.", 1863. 



* For jjftetch of W'nce.er'a Firs'. Tennessee CavaJrr se« piga i 



33 



610 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



COMPANY F. 

Captain, A. G. Freeman. 

Howser, L., k. by the fitoemy near New Hope Church, Ga., May 27, 18G4. 

COMPANY G. 

Captains: J. M. Mitchell and \Y. P. Duncan. 

HiteheU,Capt. J. ~M.,d. Feb. .1,1884. I Whittlngton, William J., d. near Davistown. 

Kenteh, iMnfrl F., k. in notion June 4, 1SG:J. Ala., Aug. 17, 1SG4. • 

Sparks, Thomas J., k. Pee. 4, l^Gl. j 

COMPANY P. 

Captain, Robert K. Jones. 

Harris, Charles, d. at Atlanta, Ga ., June 20, 1864. 

COMPANY I. 

Captain, Hartwelt F. Barham. 

Hayden, Lieut. John C, k. in a difMciiky, in Perry county. Term., Oct. 25, 1863. 

COMPANY K. 

Cap rain, D. C. Myers. 

Morris^E. F., d. March, 1864. fBrunson, ,J. S. P., k. near Sandersviile, Ga., 

Anderson, R. C k. N<>\\ 28, 1SG4. I Nov. SB, 1*G4. 

Webb, T. B., k. Jime 2U, leG4. [ 

From Gent. Joseph \\ "heeler. 

List of offieprs killed or died of exposure or wounds, wounded in battle, promoted, trans- 
ferred, resigned, etc., during trie war: 

Colonel. 
"Wheeler, James T., wounded in battle at Holly Springs, Dec. 20, 1862. 

LtKlTENANT-COLONEL. 

Lewis. James H. 

Major. 
Dobbins, Joseph. 

Adjutant. 
Frierson, W. J., jr. 
Captains. 
Wheeler, James T., promoted and wounded. ! Barham. IP F., wounded near Tenn. Hid. 
•Lewis, James IP, promoted. j Myers, P. C. 

Kinzer, G. W., wounded at Franklin, Tenn., ; Jones. P. M. 

April I, 1863. - j Caldwell, S. Y. 

Hooper, Lenn, wounded in Georgia. May 2.1S62. j Heiss. J. H. 



Polk, James. 

Freeman, A. G., wounded at New Hope, Ga., 

May 27, 186-3. 
Mitchell, J. M., d. in hospital at Augusta, Ga., 



Davis, Thomas, wounded at Henryvilh 

April. ISdo. 
Ahernrtcny. James E. 
Bennett. O. 



Feb. 1,1 8C4. 

Fussell, Joe H. 

Warfield, B. 

Duncan, W. B. 

Burns, E. M. 

Cochran, James. 

Rains, B. 

Nave, Doc. 

Caldwell, S. Y., promoted. 



Burns, E. M., promoted. 
Johnson, W. A. 
Heiss, J. H., promoted. 
Aldison, W. 11., d. in prison .-hip off Charles-! Dobbins, Newton 
ton, 1863. ' Brvaut. T. J. B. 



I Duncan, U. R. 

FlKST LtErTEVANTS. 

Wilson, James, wounded at Denmark. West 

Tenn., S^pt. 0, 18G2. 
Aldrick, M.C. 
Wall, James J. N. 
Gardner, C. R.. k. May, 1865. 
Dobbins, Joseph, promoted, 
Myers, D. C, promoted. 

Second Lieutenants. 

t Butler, John D. 



Nave, Doe., promoted. 
! Farmer, J. N. M. 



Regimental Histokies and Memorial Rolls. 



611 



Alexander, Jesp. 

Kinzer, W. F.. promoted nnd vrounded. 
John-son, G., wounded ;it FnmkNn, ISO'3. 
Gardner, C. K., promoted and. k. 



Webster, X. B., Wounded July 13, 1864. 
•Jon< ■>, R. M., promoted. 

Stalling?, G. W., wounded at New Hope, On. 
June27,I8G4. 



SECOND TENNESSEE CAVALRY, 

By Geo. F. Hager, Nashville, Tenn. 



On' the 7th of June. 1862, at Fulton, Mi??., the First Battalion of Tennessee 
Cavalry, consisting of five companies, and the Eighth Battalion, of seven compa- 
nies, were consolidated, and formed tin 1 Second Regiment of Tennessee Cavalry, 
and reenlisted for the war. The First Battalion had been organized at Nashville, 
May 23, 1861, and the Seventh Battalion at Epperson Springs, October 19, 1861. 
Both had been in active service in Kentucky and Tennessee, then in the battles 
of Shiloh, Farraington, Monterey, and Booneville, Miss., and other places in and 
around Corinth during the stay of our army there. By the consolidation seven 
companies of about one hundred men each were formed. Afterward three "West 
Tennessee companies were added — companies IT, 1. and K. The regiment, when 
complete, was as follows: 

Field and stall o-::eers: C. R. Barteau, Colonel; Geo. PI. Morton, Lieutenant- 
colonel: Win. Parish, Major; T. -A. Smith, Lieutenant and Adjutant; L. O. El- 
liott, Quartermaster; J. M. Ilugdies, Surgeon; J. W. Harrison, Assistant Surgeon; 
S. C. Tally, Chaplain. 

Co. A: N. Oswell, Captain; Thos. C. Adkisson, First Lieutenant; A. II. French, 
Second Lieutenant. 

Co. B: T. B. Cmlerwood, Captain; G. X. Smithson, First Lieutenant; S. B. 
Wall, J. D. Core, Second Lieutenants. 

Co. C: M. W. McKnight, Captain; H. L. W. Turney, First Lieutenant; Sam- 
Denis, J. S. Harrison. Second Lieutenants. 

Co. I>: W. T. Rickman, Captain; Geo. Love, First Lieutenant; F. W. Youree, 
T. R. Love, Second Lieutenants. - 

Co. E: W. A. DeBow, Captain; Geo. E. Seay, First Lieutenant; R. B.Dobbins, 
T. J. Carmon, Second Lieutenants. 

Co. F: John A. Brinkley, Captain; Jas. F. Austin, First Lieutenant; J. E. 
Deming, Nnse Pennell, Second Lieutenants. 

Co. G: Thos. Puryear, Captain; J. M. Eastess, First Lieutenant; A. W. Lip.— 
comb, B. II. Moore, Second Lieutenants. 

Co. II: B. Edward-, Captain; J. Bedford, First Lieutenant; E. Lassiter, J. L. 
Stubblefield, Second Lieutenants. 

Co. I: S. W. Reeves, Captain; Win. Latimer, First Lieutenant; J. II. Bettiefc, 
W. C. Roberts, Second Lieutenants. 

Co. K: O. B. Fafris, Captain; J. H. Xeal, First Lieutenant; F. M. McCrea, II. 
Pry or, Second Lieutenants. 

The selection of officers was made from men of experience. Our Colonel was 
taken from the rank-, all knowing him to be a i: soldier," as also the most of the 
other officers. Some changes in the organization will he noted hereafter. It 
would be impossiijle to give all the changes, as but few otiieers occupied the posi- 



G12 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



tions :it the close as above recorded. A large majority having been killed or dis- 
abled, there were many promotions of officers, and of privates from the line, to fill 
the stations vacated. 

During the summer for a few weeks Col. Barteau was sick at Guntown, Miss. 
The regiment was commanded by Lieut.-col. Morton. Bragg's armv had now 
been generally reorganized. We were placed in the brigade of Gen. Frank Arm- 
strong. Our first engagement as the Second Regiment was in West Tennessee, 
near Middleton, where we moved up in solid line, each and every man feeling 
that here we were starting the history and character of the new organization, and 
determined to inscribe on our banner, ''The first engagement — on victory's side/' 
We made three charges mounted without success, until the command — afterward 
familiar — Ci Prepare to fight on foot" was given. Then the day was ours, and the 
inscription headed, as we determined it should be, on victory's side. We had 
other engagements on the trip — at Medon and Britton's Lane — all proving suc- 
cessful. 

Returning from West Tennessee we went to Alabama, where, after a short en- 
gagement at Courtland, we captured two or three companies of cavalry, camp 
equipage, etc. On the 20th of September we were with Gen. Price in the battle 
of Iukn, Mis?., also taking an active part in the engagement at Cripple Deer, on 
the retreat. Our next hard fighting was at Corinth, Miss., on the 4th and 5th of 
October. Our position in the line was just south of Corinth, with two Alabama 
companies and a battalion of Mississippi cavalry, under Col, Barteau, who had 
orders from Gen. Van Dorn that when the attack was made from the west we 
should cross Tuscumbia River, and advance upon the place as far as possible. 
Hearing the ring of Price's musketry on the west, Col. Barteau moved promptly 
forward with his demi-brigadc, crossing the stream and dashing in behind the 
brea.-tworks upon the enemy's encampment and wagon and baggage guards. Aft- 
er a brisk engagement — close pi-tol-range, then hand-to-hand — having captured 
a large number of ammunition-wagons and prisoners, we fell back just in time to 
recross the stream before beins: intercepted by a much larger > force of the enemy 
withdrawn for that purpose from the main battle. We were successful in bring- 
ing off our captures, and then took part on the main line. 

After this battle we were stationed south of Corinth, most of the time with no 
support, and with very little at any time. We had to meet various raiding parties 
of Federal cavalry seeking to destroy the Mobile and Ohio railroad or to forage 
upon and lay waste that rich prairie region of country behind us. This kept us 
constantlv in the saddle scouting and skirmishing, with several warm engagements 
at Baldwvn, Booneville, Guntown, Saltillo, Rieuzi, and Bay Springs, where we 
numbered among our losses some of our best men. When Gen. Van Dorn passed 
out of Mississippi into Middle Tennessee we were still left to protect that sec- 
tion of country and keep up railroad connection with Mobile, Ala., and via Merid- 
ian, to Vicksburg, much to our regret, as we were exceedingly anxious to get on our 
native soil. We had a very large scope of country to overlook, and a very im- 
portant one to Vicksburg, as a vast amount of her supplies were shipped from 
this section. The Federals being apprised of that were consequently trying to 
cut them off. Our engagements with the enemy's cavalry during this time were 
more numerous — either light or heavy skirmishing almost daily; and oftentimes 
true brarerv an 1 strategy were displayed more notably than you would see in the 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



613 






larger battles. This order of affairs was kept up until, on the 17th of April, 1S63, 
Gen. Grierson, in command of a large body of Federal cavalry, started from La 
Grange, Tenn., on a raid through Mississippi. At this time the regiment was 
widely scattered on outpost duty, which necessity demanded to protect the coun- 
try; but in all Col. Barteau, with the past few months' experience, had effected 
a complete system of discipline by which the entire regiment could be concen- 
trated on a very short notice. So on the news of Grierson s advance we were 
hastily collected, and made an effort to intercept him at Pontotoc. Failing in 
this, we succeeded on the 20th in cutting off from his main force eight hundred 
or more of Iowa troops under Col. Hatch, and attacking him at Palo Alto, below 
Starkville, Miss. Our attack would have been complete, and we would have capt- 
ured his whole command, had not a battalion of Mississippi State troops, which 
had joined us on the march, given way in disorder on one side as we charged on 
the other. We had him forced between two hedges, with only one outlet, hut as 
it was we gave him a lively chase, and forced him to take the back track, we be- 
ing between him and Grierson. He next made a stand at Birmingham, above 
Okolona, as we pressed him back to La Grange. Here, after a brisk light over a 
bridge and in a swamp, we routed him again, killing thirty of his men and taking 
fifty prisoners. Hatch tiien made a straight run for Memphis, not stopping a: 
La Grange. The head of our column was now reversed to look after Gen. Griers« m, 
but we soon learned that he had pushed rapidly through Mis>is>ippi, an open and 
unprotected country, with three thousand men, to Baton Rouge, La., a distance of 
about eight hundred miles, in about sixteen days. 

We now assumed our old lines, and on the 10th of May, at Spring Creek, near 
Tupelo, Miss., the regiment, unsupported by any other troops, met and defeated 
another raiding party from Corinth eighteen hundred strong, with light artillery. 
The regiment fought on foot under Lieut.-col. Morton, except two mounted c< ;;.- 
panies that were led by Col. Barteau in a charge upon the enemy's right flank, 
which caused them to break in some disorder. Seeing this, Col. Morton quickly 
mounted, and we drove the enemy back through Tupelo, capturing two of their 
guns and a number of prisoners. Our loss was comparatively small. On the 20th 
of June we encountered a similar force a short distance north-west of Guntown. 
The fight began about noon in a thick, swampy bottom. We soon drove them 
across Mud Creek, killing and capturing in all about seventy-five men. Destroy- 
ing the bridge and deserting two guns, they hastily retreated. Our loss was light 
— few killed and wounded. 

Our next operations of any special importance were in Xorth Alabama, under 
Gen. S. D. Lee, where we had a great deal of hard lighting near Florence. Mem- 
orable to all of the '"Old Second" will be the engagement at Cherokee, on the 
23d of October, where we mourned to number among our lest that noble and gen- 
erous Capt. Thos. Puryear, of Co. G. Here he received his death-wound at the 
head of his company, with drawn saber urging forward to victory. We were right- 
ing superior numbers, which he knew, and just as he received his wound the regi- 
ment was temporarily forced back. Private John P. Mills and myself rushed to 
him, determined he should not fall into the hands of the enemy, when htr urged 
us to leave him and save ourselves, as we could not save him; but we carried him 
back where he was taken to the hospital. After lingering a few days he quietly 
breathed his last, his soul returning to the God who gave it. Xever did a braver 



on 



Militaiiy Annals of Tennessee. 



soldier respond to a bugle-call than Capt. TIios. Puryear. In this engagement we 
again proved successful. Here Lient. J. M. Eastess was promoted to the Cap- 
taincy of Co. (t. 

On the 26tli we again had a warm engagement against great odds, in which 
Lieut.-col. Morton received a severe wound. Our loss in both these engagements 
■was heavy. The commanding General afterward, in an order thanking the troops 
for their conduce, said to Lieut.-col. Morton and his gallant little band of deter- 
mined followers: " Especial praise is due for the skillful and rapid manner in which, 
they attacked and routed the First Alabama tory cavalry, of double their strength." 
After this engagement Lieut. Thomas Adkisson succeeded to the command of 
Company A, Capt. Oswell being disabled and discharged. 

Early in December we were placed permanently with Gen. Forrest, on applica- 
tion of Col. Barteau and in accordance witli the wishes of the entire regiment, 
believing him to be the best cavalry leader the world ever produced — which our 
most bitter enemies have never dared to controvert. Forre>t's head-quarters v. ere 
now at Oxford. Miss. Our first order from him to the regiment, then encamped at 
Okolona, Mi-^., was to go into "West Tennessee and either kill or capture the no- 
torious Col. Hurst and his Federal command. We were soon in the vicinity of 
Bolivar, Tenn.; but instead of Hurst and his command, we met the advance of 
Gen. Smith, with a heavy force preparing to march through Mississippi, to effect a 
junction with Sherman at Meridian. Here we had daily skirmishing with the enemy 
while awaiting orders from Gen. Forrest. On the 5th of February we received or- 
ders to fall back toward Abbeville, and after a lively skirmish, in which we lost 
several men, we began to fall back; and on the 12th, after a great deal of hard 
service, we were joined by Forrest's other forces near Oxford, Miss., where we had 
heavy skirmishing all day on the Tallahatchie River. 

In the organization of Forrest's cavalry the Second Tennessee was placed in the 
brigade of Gen. T. II. Bell, witii the Twelfth, Sixteenth, and Xewsom's regiment, all 
Tennessee troops-. The Federal force we were facing was about seven thousand 
strong. It was moving leftward, and in the direetion of Okolona. Gen. Forrest 
withdrew via Starkville, on the south of Tibbee Creek, a considerable stream that 
flows into theTonibigbee River just above Columbia. At Starkville, Forrest, re- 
taining two brigades — McCuiloch's and Col. Jeffry Forrest's — sent Bell's brigade, 
under Col. Barteau t Bell being sick), to Columbus, which is on the east side of 
Tombigbee River, to checkmate any movement of the enemy in that direction. 
"VYe reached the west bank of the river opposite Columbus late on the evening of 
the 19th, and spent the night in crossing over in ferry-boats. By 2 o'clock next 
day, finding it was not the purpose of the enemy to move upon Columbus, Col. 
Barteau, following the discretion allowed him by Gen. Forre-t, moved up the riv- 
er with the brigade on the east side, to Waverly, seven miles above; and here we 
again spent the night in reerossing the river to the west bank, with a view of 
striking the enemy's flank or rear. Next morning all the troops of the brigade, 
after two successive night* spent in crossing the river, with other laborious duty 
attendant on such expeditions, found themselves exceedingly jaded, especially the 
Second Tennessee. as we had made a circuit of four hundred miles over bad roads, 
part of the time over roads with no bottom, to use a loose phrase, and in bad 
weather, with no intermission of hardship^. Yet this was no time or place for 
rest. "We were in close proximity to an enemy greatly superior in force; but 



Regimental Histories axd Memorial Rolls. 



61; 






with our usual self-confidence, now an the enemy's Hunk and Forrest in front of 
him, we did not hesitate to count- their numbers, but at mice — assuming the ad- 
vantage of our position that we had labored so hard tor during the night — began 
a spirited attack in open prairie. The boldness of the attack, and the scathing 
volleys we poured into their ranks, soon caused them to full hack, we keeping on 
their right flank and striving to get ahead of them. During almost the entire 
day we were in this position. Long lines of Federal cavalry could he seen ex- 
tending far to our rear in the prairie, our own column being parallel at intervals 
of half to three-quarters of a mile, with skirmishers deployed between. 

Gen. Forrest, having crossed all of his troops from the south to the north side 
of Tibbee Creek, followed rapidly. At night the enemy made rapid strides, and 
having .trained on us some half mile, sent a force from his front, to take possession 
of the Egypt and Aberdeen road ahead of us, am! another force to the rear to at- 
tack us; but by skillful maneuvering and some -harp fighting we were soon nut- 
ters of the road. Pressing forward again in the night, and over (he worst rond- 
imnginable, our horses and ourselves having had nothing to eat since the night be- 
fore, daylight found us skirmishing at Okolona. The Federals all moved through 
the town and took position on the west side; we stood in line on the east >l^t-. 
witli the little hamlet lying between us, the wide streets and avenues and scar- 
tered houses scarcely obstructing the view. This was the position about sunrise. 
the other two brigades not yet having arrived. But Gen. Forrest, with his esa rt. 
came dashing across the prairie from the direction of the Federal rear, and was 
soon greeted among us with a hearty rebel yell. The enemy were rapidly dispos- 
ing their troops, evidently to attack us with their entire force. The moment was 
critical, for there were seven thousand Federals against twelve hundred Confed- 
erates; but even that odds did not make us nervous. Gen. Forrest immediate!^ 
proceeded to where Col. Barteau was, and after a hasty conference Col. Fj. place.'. 
himself at the head of the old Second, giving orders to form platoons for a charge, 
instructing Col. Wilson, of the Twelfth Regiment, to wait in reserve and aid when 
needed. Gen. Forrest took command of Russell's and Xewsom's regiments on the 
right. The enemy now seemed to be puzzled more than ever to think we had the 
Courage to attack odds so large. The Second now moved forward to the eharg* 
with her usual vim, and it was but a few moments before we were dashing througl 
the main street of Okolona making for the enemy. We were wildly cheered b\ 
the citizens as we passed through the place, the women especially cheering an i 
dapping their hands and waving handkerchiefs; and if there bean incentive thai 
can inspire a Tennessee soldier more than his natural pride, it is that of woman. 
The enemy being on the alert, anil anticipating our determination to win the 
fight, began shooting at long range. The command beimr well in hand, their sh< T - 
fell short of their expectation, as the regiment dashed boldly on, reserving 6re 
Until within close pistol-range; when, at the command "Fire!'' we poured such 
a volley into them that their front line began to stagger, which we were not -'. >w 
in taking advantage of, moving on them rapidly, using our pistols with telling ef- 
fect, which caused their entire lines to break and give way in disorder. The (til- 
er two regiments, tinder Gen. Forres, were dismounted and did i^nod figtiting on 
foot. Col. Wilson, whose regiment had remained mounted as reserve, being a 
hero of the first water, could not longer wait, but came up on good time. Many 
of our men had fallen wounded, among them Col. Barteau, but he quickly re- 



G16 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



mounted and continued in the fight, but lew of the regiment knowing tlisit our 
leader had been wounded until after the engagement. Gen. Forrest seeing the 
enemy break, moved rapidly up to our column, and with ours and Wilson's regi- 
ments, closely pressed them — now in complete disorder and full retreat — taking a 
great many prisoners and six or seven pieces of artillery. The Federal officers, 
seeing our small force that was pressing them so sorely, soon began to bring about 
some organization of their forces, hoping to check our advance. About this time 
Cols. Jeftry Forrest and McCulloeh were seen coming upon the field with their 
commands. During the day the enemy made several stubborn stands, taking ad- 
vantage of cross-roads and ridges. They made one just at night at the edge of a 
large swamp, when our regiment, "Wilson's, and the Seventh were dismounted and 
took a strong position along the brow of a ravine. This being the key to their 
line of retreat, they were forced to try and move us, which they endeavored to do 
in four successive charges, but each was readily repulsed; and following up the 
last repulse we drove them rapidly back, capturing two pieces of artillery and a 
flag, with several prisoners, and driving the remainder into the swamp. It being 
now very dark we did not pursue farther, but kept pouring a warm tire of shot and 
shell into the swamp for some time, which next morning revealed to have been very 
disastrous to them, from the number of dead and wounded left, with quite a number 
of horses. This closed the light as we had begun it in the morning — successfully. 

We next find ourselves with Gen. A. Buford as division commander over oi>r 
brigade (Bell's) and Thompson's Kentucky brigade. 

On the 19th of March, 1863, we started from Tupelo, Miss., to Western Ken- 
tucky. On the 25th, in the attack on Padueah, our regiment was dismounted and 
placed on the right of Thompson's brigade. We had some very warm fighting in 
the assault of the works, which was unsuccessful. Why the attack was made on 
this strongly fortified (we might say almost impregnable ) position was not gener- 
ally understood by the line. It was done at the sacrifice of some of our best men. 
Here Lieut.-col. Morton received a severe wound. After this affair we were en- 
camped for a few days at May field, Ky. We then moved to Eaton, Tenn., from 
which point, in conjunction with other troops — fragments of Forrest's command — 
we moved, on the 12th of April, for the attack on Fort Pillow. We readied the 
fort, after a long and hard march, early on the morning of the 12th, and were soon 
placed, for the work before us. Having marched all night without rest or sleep, 
we were in rather poor plight. In this attack our regiment was on the extreme 
right, next to the river. The Second Missouri Regiment was on the extreme left, 
and in the final investment, assault, and capture. These two regiments were the 
first in the fort, which was no idle pastime. Here both courage and skill were 
displayed by each officer and man. The works were very hard of passage, and it 
was only by lifting and pushing each other that we were enabled to mount them, 
and that too under the steady fire of the enemy. After capturing the fort, 
we took down the flag and turned the guns of the fort upon the gun-boat up the 
river. One of the captured pieces of artillery was admirably handled by Sergt. 
B. A. Hi.^h, of our regiment. This capture, however, was not effected without 
the loss of some of our bravest men. Among them was Lieut. George Love, a 
brave and good officer. Ed. Bullock succeeded him us Lieutenant in Co. D. The 
prisoners were placed in charge of Col. Barteau, and couveyed by the regiment to 
Tupelo, Miss. Here we went into camp, and after fully recruiting both man and 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Bolls. 617 



horse we received orders on the 29th of May to move with five days rations east- 
ward to Fulton, Miss. When some distance east of this place, on the 2d of June, 
we were ordered hack to meet a force coming out from Memphis. This proved to 
he Gen. Sturgis, with ten thousand men. By the 7th he was in the vicinity of 
Ripley. Forrest's forces, mostly collected at Baldwyn, now numhered only about 
two thousand effective men. We met the Federals near Guntowri, at Briee's Cross- 
roads, In this engagement Gen, Forrest detached our regiment from Buford's 
division to operate alone. He gave orders to Col. Barteau, at Carrollville, to go 
directly across to the Ripley road and fall either upon the flank or rear of the 
Federal army and destroy their train if possible. To reach their rear required a 
very rapid move over a circuitous route, but the old Second, had been educated 
to believe there was nothing insurmountable, so we moved out with good cheer, 
knowing the responsibility of the duty intrusted to us. The rear of the enemy 
had just gotten into the engagement when we readied the road down which they 
had passed.^ They had disposed of their baggage-train with guard, awaiting the 
result of the fight. The battle was now raging in front, the balls from our guns 
in front passing over the enemy and falling among us as we moved quietly in be- 
hind the Federal lines along Tishomingo Creek. Col. Barteau, now being ap- 
prised that the heat of the engagement had come, and seeing the success of onr 
force were somewhat doubtful, and knowing the great odds we were contending 
against, wisely decided to pass the baggage-train, which we might have easily capt- 
ured, and strike where we were most needed. Fie dispatched, our company to 
picket in our rear, and deployed the remainder of the regiment into a skirmish 
line. We had reached the enemy's rear without their knowledge, and Col. Bar- 
teau thought best to deceive them as to our strength. For this purpose a bold 
attack was made by our little line, and being deployed at some distance apart. 
with a continuous fire. This led them to believe our force was large, and to con- 
tinue the impression the bugler, Jimmie Bradford, was instructed to gallop along 
the line and at different intervals to sound the charge. Nothing could have 
proved a more complete deception, for the enemy's cavalry, ten times our strength, 
began to move back. There was a general panic among the baggage-guards, team- 
sters, artillery, and soon among all the Federals, and as Forrest pressed them in 
front (which was becoming now their rear) they fell back in the wildest disorder. 
We kept up a running tight with the head of the retreating force until after night, 
taking a large number oi prisoners. Never was a more bold or daring attack 
made than was executed on this occasion by our regiment. In the "Campaigns 
of Forrest's Cavalry," published on authority of Gen. Forrest, it is stated that 
this movement of Barteau's regiment, while the battle was raging with the great- 
est fury, drew to that quarter a large part of the Federal cavalry, and contributed 
materially to disorder the enemy. Next day we were early in the saddle, and re- 
ceived orders to now strike for the enemy's front; but they being in full retreat, 
we did not reach their front, yet succeeded in making a sudden and successful at- 
tack as they passed. We continued the pursuit, pressing their scattered forces all 
day, having quite a spirited engagement at Ripley. We continued the chase to 
near Memphis. In this engagement the loss on our side was heavy, but the ene- 
my's much greater. We took in all about two thousand prisoners, and must have 
killed nineteen hundred; captured twenty pieces of artillery and over two hun- 
dred wagons and ambulances. 



618 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



It now being very warm we went into camp, but only to remain for a short time, 
for on the Stli of July another heavy Federal force was entering North Missis- 
sippi, (ion. Huford sent our regiment to New Albany to intercept them. We 
reached there just in time to meet the advance crossing .Tallahatchie River. Skir- 
mishing at once began and continued during the day, and next day back to ne;tr 
Pontotoc. The enemy was estimated at sixteen thousand strong* under Gen. A. 
; J. Smith. Gen. Forrest was now up. The enemy moved slowly, pushing us back. 

Though Forrest did not have a third as many men, yet lie made their progress, 
very rough and slow. On the loth Gen. Buford made a dash on their flank just 
west of Tupelo, making the attack with Bell's brigade across a bridge and deep 
ravine. Our regiment was thrown in first against two divisions of the enemy, and 
was for a time unsupported, until we were repulsed and in a measure cut to pieces. 
In this special da<h victory was recorded on the wrong side of our old flag, yet 
we had the consolation of knowing it was only placed there by overwhelming 
numbers. Our loss avu-< heavy both in officers and men. Lieut. A. II. French, of 
Co. A, was permanently disabled. Capt. J. M. Eastess, of Co. G, was killed. 
Lieut. B. H. Moore succeeded to the command of Co. G, and privates George F. 
Ilager and G. L.Sis&dons were made Lieutenants. In this engagement Lieut. -col. 
Morton appeared on the held for the first time since receiving his wound at Padu- 
cah, Ky., and though not yet recovered, seeing the danger of our position, he took 
part and aided in saving the regiment from further disaster. The coolness and 
courage of both officers and men only prevented the complete destruction of the 
regiment by such an overwhelming force against us in a disadvantageous situation. 
The remainder of the brigade came to our relief as soon as possible, and soon we 
were again on the enemy, and continued the fight until night came on. During 
the night the enemy moved to Harrisburg, a few miles distant, and here spent the 
night in intrenching themselves. It was tins engagement in which one of those 
singular premonitions of death occurred. Private James Drury, a noble and 
brave soldier, always at las post and ever ready to face danger, told several of his 
friends that he expected to be killed in the next engagement, and gave directions 
to his Captain (Eastess, Co. G) for the disposal of his horse and other little pos- 
sessions, the proceeds to be returned to that faithful and loving wife in her loneiy 
home in Tennessee. The writer urged upon him not to enter the tight, but to let 
one of the boys who volunteered to do so take his place. In a calm and resolute 
manner he replied, "No; and tell my wife I died for my country." lie fell with 
the first volley, in the front rank, and so did his Captain to whom he intrusted 
the carrying out of his wishes. 

Next morning we found the enemy Avell intrenched, with sixteen thousand 
small arms aud twenty-four pieces of artillery, our force being now about one- 
third. Here, perhaps, v?as one of our warmest engagements. Forrest not being 
slow to get ready, our brigade and Mabry's were ordered forward to lead the charge. 
Our way was across an open field, in the face of a galling fire, for nearly thrcc- 
qmirters of a mile. Nothing could exceed the scathing fire we breasted at and 
near the works. Xevc-r was more shining courage displayed by both officers ami 
men than here. It was here we lost our gallant Lieut. Lip>eomb and our heroic 
Lieut. Denning, killed on or inside the works. Col. Barteau was also acrain 
wounded while endeavoring to lead our already shattered regiment into the ene- 
my's stronghold. Oar b.»s was extremely heavy. We went into the engagement 



Eegimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



619 









fully officered (save the losses we had sustained from the enemy before), and at 
the close, or rather alter the first assault on the works, Lieut. George E. Seay 
found himself in command of the regiment, his superiors having been killed, 
wounded, or disabled. We made several unsuccessful charges on the works dur- 
ing the day, when it began to appear that in their present well-fortified position, 
with superior numbers, it was but madness to continue the effort to dislodge them; 
but Forrest, always being equal to all emergencies, changed the tactics next day. 
Leading a force to their rear, and making a sudden charge, we soon had them. in 
full retreat, but not Avithout a loss, for here our daring Lieut. Bullock fell, and 
some of our best men. P>ven our leader, Gen. Forrest, this time did not escape 
receiving a wound; but it did not stop him from following up the retreat. I 
could here recall many incidents of unexampled courage displayed by individual 
members o{ the regiment. 

Major Win. Parri>h died near Okolona, Miss. — a brave officer and noble man. 
Capt. W. A. DeBow, of Co. E, succeeded as Major; Lieut. Geo. E. Seay to Cap- 
taincy of Co. E. John Cantrell and J. K. Dodd were made Lieutenants in Co. D. 
The next scene of action was at Oxford, Miss., where the regiment had some hard 
fighting from the Oth to the 18th of August. On the night of the 18th, under the 
lead of our old chief, Forrest, we started for Memphis, Tenn. Lieut.-col. Morton, 
having recovered from his wound, was in command of the regiment, Col. Barteau 
heing unable for duty — suffering from the wound received at Ilarrisburg. We 
marched day and night through mud and rain until we reached the city. The 
object of this move, which was executed by Gen. Forrest with only about two 
thousand men, was to draw back to Memphis the Federal force of about twenty 
thousand which we had been facing at Oxford, while Forrest had only about four 
thousand men. The move proved a success, and caused the Federals to beat a 
hasty retreat for Memphis. We had some warm fighting, and our loss was heavy 
at Memphis, among the number killed being that bright and promising young- 
soldier, Perry Marks, who had distinguished himself as a private in storming 
the works at Fort Pillow. A detachment of the regiment under Major De- 
Bow was held in reserve by Gen. Forrest, and had hard fighting with a heavy- 
force of the enemy intrenched in the State Female College, near the city. We 
lost six men killed and several captured. We succeeded in entering the city and 
capturing a large number of prisoners and horses, but a much larger force being 
there than we had we could not hold the city; so early next morning we began to 
fall back toward Hernando, Miss., having accomplished the object of the expedi- 
tion, carrying off about six hundred prisoners, and leaving a large number of the 
enemy slain on the field. 

On September 10 we started for Middle Tennessee, our Colonel being again with 
us, having recovered from his last wound. We moved out in high spirits, hoping 
we mi<rht reach our homes, some of us having been absent since the commence- 
ment of the war. W r e effected a crossing of the Tennessee River by fording at 
Colbert Shoal-, which was done without loss, the river here beingsome two thou- 
sand yards wide and extremely dangerous. The path along the ledges of the 
shoals being very high and narrow in some places, m have strayed from it would 
hate been almost certain destruction. The winding of the path made the ford 
about two miles in length. Our artillery was ferried across some miles above the 
ford. We met with but little resistance from the enemy until reaching Athens, 



620 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Ala., on the evening of the 23d. Here the regiment was again detached to act 

alone, and taking position on the north of the town, the night was spent in de- 
stroying the railroad and making some captures of outposts. Next morning we 
returned to the line and took part in the capture of the fort, and also warmly en- 
gaged with the reinforcements that came up from Decatur to relieve the fort, 
capturing them in open field, the fort having surrendered a short time before they 
came in sight. "We captured here about nineteen hundred rank and file and quite 
a quantity of stores. 

On the 25th we were in front of Sulphur Trestle, a strongly fortified and heav- 
ily garrisoned position guarding a high trestle over a deep ravine, which was of 
vital importance to the enemy, forming an important link in the line of commu- 
nication and supplies to the enemy in North Alabama from their base at Nash- 
ville. The redoubt was furnished with two twelve-pound mountain howitzers. 
There were also several block-houses in commanding positions for the protection 
of the trestle. Soon after placing his lines Forrest demanded a surrender of the 
place, which was promptly declined; whereupon we immediately opened tire 
with both artillery and small arms, with a telling destruction which was visible 
to all. We received orders to cease tiring, and in a short time had the pleasure 
of knowing they had surrendered, but with a serious loss of life on their part. 
We captured about eight hundred prisoners, and destroyed the trestle and block- 
houses and a large amount of wood and lumber. 

We took an active part in the engagements at Elkton on the 26th and Richland 
Creek on the 27th. On the 2Sth we were again in motion, moving toward Tulla- 
homa, and when within fifteen miles of that place our scouts reported a heavy 
column of Federal infantry moving clown from Chattanooga; also one coming 
out from Nashville. The enemy, having become alarmed at the presence of For- 
rest, were now rapidly concentrating all their force; and there being already three 
columns of the enemy in motion, each superior in numbers to our entire force, a 
hastv consultation was held, and about one-half of the command — fifteen hundred 
strong — with all the artillery and wagon-train, was placed under Gen. Buford, 
who returned toward Huntsville, Ala. Gen. Forrest placed himself at the head 
of the other detachment, about tifteen hundred strong. On the 29th we moved in 
the direction of Lewisburg, reaching Columbia. Our regiment, was ordered to 
make a demonstration, there being here a large Federal force, while our oilier 
force should engage in capturing the stockade, etc., on the railroad. The demon- 
stration was successfully managed, keeping the enemy cooped for several hours in- 
side of their works. W T e captured quite a number of prisoners and several block- 
houses around Spring Hill, destroying the railroad, as well as a large amount of 
lumber and wood. Becoming thoroughly aroused, the enemy had placed about 
fifteen thousand troops in the field, which were now drawing close. Forrest re- 
ceiving information that the Tennessee River was rising, and our facilities for re- 
crossing not beins the best, we began to retrace our steps. We withdrew from 
Columbia, following as rear-guard in the direction of Mount Pleasant. We had 
more or less fighting during the retreat, reaching Martin's mills, on Cypress Creek, 
near Florence, Ala., on the 8th of October. Forrest was now crossing the river 
at the mouth of Cypress Creek. Here we were warmly engaged, the enemy press- 
in" 1 forward rapidly to contest the recrossiog of the river. A part of the Sixteenth 
and Seventh regiments were sent back, and reported to Col. Bartcau to aid him 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. C21 



in checking the enemy's passage of Cypress Creek. Col. Barteau sent most of the 
Second Regiment, under Lieut.-col. Morton, farther up the stream to guard a 
ford. The enemy was now making a strong effort to cross the creek in front of 
Col. Barteau, but being repulsed by him sent a brigade farther up, and crossed 
beyond and behind Col. Morton. The first intimation we had of the enemy hav- 
ing crossed the stream was the Federal yell in our rear while we were warmly en- 
gaged in front. Taking in the situation at a glance, and seeing a force ten times 
our number both front and rear, Col. Morton led us in a daring charge through 
the enemy's lines, forcing a junction with Col. Barteau, who was now being driven 
back by overwhelming numbers. We hotly contested every foot of ground, and 
continued the tight until after dark between the mills and the river, where For- 
rest's main forces were crossing. By next morning Forrest had recrossed to the 
south bank of the river, and therefore could render us no assistance in our strug- 
gle with the enemy, who now seemed to be entirely around us. .Next morning, 
being in line early, our situation was any thing but pleasant, with about twelve 
thousand Federals in our front and the Tennessee River in our rear, while our 
number did not exceed five hundred men. Col. Barteau, keeping the command 
close in hand, with rapid movements and some warm lighting for two or three 
days, succeeded, on the night of the 13th, in getting his command across the 
river. Gen. FTorrest had given us up as captured, and he accorded special praise 
to Col. Barteau, his officers and men, for their valor and skill in contending so 
successfully against great odds and difficulties. 

After recruiting in the vicinity of Corinth, Miss., for a short time, we were 
again called into active service in West Tennessee. At Paris Landing, and near 
Fort Heiman, on the Tennessee River, we took an active part in the capture of 
several gun-boats and transports; also in the destruction of Johnsonville, with its 
large quantity of Government stores, which was perhaps one of the most serious 
blows the -TJ. S. Government ever received from the Confederate forces. This was 
accomplished under a strong, fortified position, with a large garrison there for the 
purpose of guarding the property. We opened fire upon the place about 2 p.m., 
and next morning nothing was to be seen but great piles of ashes from its ruins, 
save the fort, which stood out in bold relief with its great guns, which had been 
of so little value the day before. This expedition lasted about twenty days, dur- 
ing which the regiment bore its share of loss, exposure, and hardships. 

Gen. Hood's campaign into Middle Tennessee now called Forrest in that direc- 
tion. We made a rapid march over bad roads, reaching Flood's army at Florence, 
when we were soon in his front. Our first encounter after reaching his front was 
on the 19th of November; and from this date forward we were in close contact 
with the enemy up to Nashville, taking part in the fights at Columbia, Spring 
Hill, Franklin, and in the cavalry engagement at Hurt's Cross-roads. Flere our 
regiment entered the engagement with more than usual vim, having heard that 
Stokes's command (Tennessee Yankees), then notorious, was to be faced — just what 
we had hoped for ever since it had been in the held. We soon learned that we 
only had the pleasure of contending with Wilder' s cavalry. This, however, was 
with success. 

The 2d of December found us in front of Nashville, our division doing picket duty 
on the right of Hood's army, across to the Lebanon pike, at first, then engaging in 
capturing block-house3 along the Nashville and Chattanooga railroad. We were in 



022 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



the saddle continuously day and night. On the 5th we started lor Mnrfreesboro, 
under Gen. Forrest. On the way we had several sharp engagements, capturing 
the forts at La Vergnc and Smyrna, and several blockhouses ©n the railroad. Ac 
Murfreesboro we found Gen. Rousseau with about eight thousand troops, well for- 
tified. Here we had several warm engagements. We remained around Murfrees- 
boro for several days, keeping Rousseau Avell cooped with our small force. On 
the loth, we received orders from Gen. Hood, also the sorrowful intelligence of 
the disastrous result to our army in front ot' Nashville. We now began that 
memorable retreat, our command taking the Nashville pike to the Insane Asylum. 
There Ave turned in the direction of Brentwood, reaching Hood's rear just north 
of that place. We found the enemy sorely pressing Hood, and his army in a 
dreadful condition. "We were soon between IlOod ami the enemy, and a warm 
engagement quickly let the Federals know that it was Forrest's cavalry they had 
to contend with. They soon became more tardy in making their charges. Thomas, 
having some troop- in his front who had received an introduction to our style on 
more than one occasion, knew we always tendered a hearty reception. Forrest 
was placed in chief command of the rear-guard, and reenforeed with about sixteen 
hundred infantry, he having about three thousand cavalry, making his command 
about forty-six hundred arms, with which we had to face about ten thousand cav- 
alry and twenty-live thousand infantry. He was expected to confront and check 
this army if possible. We had more or less righting all the time. Our severest 
engagements on the retreat were probably at Franklin, Spring Hill, Anthony's 
Hill, Richland Creek, Columbia, Pulaski, Rutherford's ('reek, and Duck River, 
the last being at .Sugar Creek on the 26th of December, our regiment taking an 
active part in all; in fact, we were scarcely ever out of sight of the enemy. Too 
much praise cannot be given to our leader, and both officers and men, for the cool 
and brave manner in which the retreat was so successfully managed. Never were 
soldiers placed in a more trying position than were the rear-guard of Hood's 
army. No records show more shining courage and valor than was displayed by 
Forrest's cavalry from Nashville to Shoal Creek. On the night of the 27th we 
crossed the Tennessee River, after a campaign of thirty-five days, being in the 
saddle most of the time both day and night, with no intermission of cold, sleet, 
and snow, it being the most severe winter known in Middle Tennessee lor years. 
During the campaign our loss was heavy, embracing some of our best men and 
officers. Col. Barteau was severely wounded on the 6th at Murfreesboro, which 
proved to be the close of his career as our leader; yet we did not think so at the 
time, not anticipating that the struggle was so near its end, but all fondly hoping to 
see him again at the head of the regiment. He did not fully recover until some 
time after the close of the war. The command of the regiment during the retreat 
devolved on Lieut. -col. Morton, who always commanded the highest re>pect and 
utmost confidence of Get*. Forrest, perhaps receiving more complimentary notices 
from his superiors than any other Lieutenant-colonel on the line. 

After crossing Tennessee River we moved to Corinth, Miss., where we remained 
for some time, mainly occupied in reorganizing and recruiting our horses. Our 
regiment and the Twenty-first, now being mere skeletons, were placed together as 
the Second and Twenty-first Tennessee regiments, Col. Wilson, Lieut. -col. Mor- 
ton, and M.ij. W. A. l>eP>ow in command, Col. Barteau being yet disable! from 
his wound. The companies of each regiment were placed together so as to form 



Eegimen^al Histories and Memorial Rolls. 623 



tlie requisite number. The line of officers had become so reduced that even on 
consolidating the companies there were several new officers elected. 

We moved down to Verona, whence the command was soon called into action 
again. A large Federal force under Gen. Wilson was moving mi Selma, Ala 
We were soon up with the enemy; had several minor engagements, until on the 
1st of April, near Seottsville, Ala., our brigade, under Gen. Bell, encountered the 
Federal Gen. Croxton, having been dispatched for that purpose by Gen. E'orrest. 
This column under Croxton had moved through Tuscaloosa and destroyed the 
large factories there, laying waste every thing in their path. The enemy's force 
was much larger than ours, but as we had not had an even-number engagement 
for many months we considered ourselves very fortunate in meeting two to one; 
and knowing this to be the difference now, we did not seek to take any special ad- 
vantage, bat moved up near his- camp at night, keeping close watch. JS'ext morn- 
ing before the dawn of day we were in position, ready to give him a quiet sur- 
prise in the way of a first day of April joke. Promptly at the first dawn of light, 
with revolvers in hand, we charged down upon him, capturing several stands of 
colors, a large number of prisoners and horses, and killing and wounding very 
many. The rout was complete. We chased them some fifteen or twenty miles, 
they never halting to make a stand during the day. This engagement was the 
last of the war east of the Mississippi. We returned in the direction of Selma, 
hoping to be able to render assistance to Gen. Forrest who was now sorely pressed 
contending with Gen. Wilson's forces, which outnumbered him ten to one. On 
reaching Marion we were met by the advance of Gen. Forrest's main force, at 
which we were very much surprised, and more so when we learned that the Con- 
federacy was now becoming a thing of the past. We moved up to Sumterville 
and remained for several days, then were ordered to Gainesville. Ala., where we 
received our paroles on the 10th -day of May, 1*0-3 — if not with victory, at least 
and above ail with honor, and the following kind advice from our leader: '"'You 
have been good soldiers, you can be good citizens. Obey the laws of the land, and 
preserve your honor." These short sentences from the greatest cavalry leader the 
world ever produced, spoke volumes to the old veterans whom he had led on so 
many victorious fields. We were not long in getting ready to start home, as some 
of us had not been there since early in IS61; but we started with sad thoughts, 
our memory wandering to the commencement of the war, when we had gone 
out with so many noble young men, several hundred of whom we were forced to 
leave behind — their bodies scattered on the various fields of action, many of 
them unburied. They gave up their lives to the "Lost Cause,'" and their bones are 
decayed or bleaching over Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Kentucky, and 
Georgia. 

I may here add that the organization and discipline of the Second Regiment 
of Tennessee Cavalry were not excelled by any other in the field. Whatever the 
danger or however great the hardship, the regiment always stood with firmness 
and obeyed with alacrity. Confidence prevailed between officers and men, each 
feeling proud of his connection with the old Second. It was composed of young 
men and commanded by young men who were called from the plow-handles, 
workshopSj and counting-rooms oi Middle Tennessee. None were trained in mil- 
itary sehs ols; our training was in active service. As the sons of Tennessee we 
responded to her call as promptly as we wor.ld to the call of the United States 



624 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Government to-day. How faithfully we served her we are willing the world shall 
say. Our motto was: "My country — right or wrong, I am with thee." 

I must here render to R. R. Hancock (Old Sangs), a private in Company C, my 
thanks for the loan of a diary kept by him during the war, which to any of the 
old Second would be a rare treat to read. He portrays, in his camp-life way, the 
movements of the regiment from beginning to end, giving graphic descriptions of 
daily camp-life, etc. 

I regret that I am unable to present herewith a memorial roll of our killed. 
The living of the regiment at the close of the war, being mostly young men, have 
scattered, so that I find it impossible to get a roll, except from Company C and 
my company (G). I should be glad to record some of the many heroic acts of 
both officers and men, and especially of our dead, but have not room to do justice 
to all. 

This ends my brief sketch of the Second Regiment of Tennessee Cavalry, thai 
so gallantly contended for what we believed to be right, and never, in camp or 
field, brought reproach on Tennessee as a " Volunteer State." Each man seemed 
determined that no act of his should tarnish her good name. To the brave ones 
who fell we drop a soldier's tear. Peace be with them! 

Oj]kial.~] Second Tennessee Cavalry. 

Colonel, C. K. Barteau. 

COMPANY A. 

Captain. N. Osvrell. 
Tittle. D., k. inaction near Denmark, Sept. 1, I Webh, J. P., k. in action near Denmark, Sept. 
1S62. I 1, 1862. 

COMPANY B. 
Captain, T. B. Underwood. 
Williams, W. A., k. at Fort Pillow, March 12, | McAllister, J. H., d. Jan., 1864, in prison at Al- 
1864. J ton, 111. 

COMPANY C. 

Captain, M. W. McKnight. 

Haneock, C. E., d. near Ru^sellville, Ala., June I McKnight, S. W., k. at Padueah, March '25. 

4, 130k j ls04. 

Odum, R. F., k. at Padueah, March 25, 1864. 



COMPANY D. 

Captain, W. T. Rickman. 

Love, Lieut. George, k. at Fort Pillow, April! Avers, W. M., k. at Padueah, Ky., March 25. 

12, 1864. 1864. 

Renfro, P., d. June 1, 1862, ' 

COMPANY E. 

Captain, William A. DeBow. 

Hall, Richard, d. May 17, 1362, at Corinth, I Maddox, William J., k. near Medon, Tenn, 

Miss. Sep:. 2, 1862. 

Violett, J. W, d. May 20, 18®* at Corinth, Miss. I 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, John A. Brinkley. 
Hames, A. J., k. in action at Mud Creek, Miss.. I Kell^y, S. R., d. Oct. 10, 1852. 

June 30, 180^. j ;{ : ,ll, M., d. Aug. 10, 1802, at Meridian, Miss. 

Griffin, M , d. |ff»y 3, VS62. 



Eegimektal Histories and Memorial Bolls. 



625 






COMPANY G. 
Captains: J. M. Eastess and Thomas Puryear. 
Robertson, W. R., k. Oct. 1, 1862. I Trout, Bird, d. July 3 ( 1862. 

Sanders, J. A., d. in prison. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, B. Edwards. 



Townly, John, d. Oct. 29, 1S63, in Walker 

county, Ala. 
Henery, August, d. July 1, 1803, in Walker 

county, Ala. 
Guttery, William, d. April 22, 1863, in Walker 

county, Ala. 
Roberts, D. R., d. May 4, 186;:, at Smithvdle, 

Ala. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, C. H. Reeves 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, O. B. Farris, 



Thornton, W. M., d. Aug. 1, 1863. 

Rutiedge, S. A., d. April 5, 1863, at Columbus, 

Miss. 
Touney, J. R., d. April 12, 1862, in Walker 

county, Ala. 
Williams, W. H., d. March 22,1363, at Colum- 

bua. Miss. 



Official.'] 



SECOND TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 



Colonel, H. M. Ashby. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, John F. Lauderdale. 



Blackburn, Jesse, d. in prison. 
Barnett, F. R. E., k. Nov. 11, 1864. 
Erwin, J. B., k. in action, Dec. 7, 1864. 
Lewallen, C. W., k. in action. 



Spencer, Webb, d. in prison, Aug. 9, 1864. 
Blankenship, John, d. in prison about July 20, 
It; 64. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, John R. Rogers. 
1862, at Lan- 1 Sword, N. H., d. 



McKee, John, k. in action, Oct. 
caster, Ky. 

COMPANY C. 

Captain, William Ford. 

COMPANY D. 

Captain, W. P. Owen. 

Johnson, Russell C, k. in action at Fincastle, April 13, 1862. 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, William M. Smith. 

Galbraith, Thomas B., k. in a skirmish at I Pearson. A. J., k. in a skirmish at Baptist Gap, 
Baptist Gap, Tenn., Aug. 27, 1862. | Tenn., Aug. 27, 1S62 

COMPANY F. 

Captain, Spence C. Stone. 

Loyd, Thomas, d. Feb. 27, 1862. 

COMPANY G. 
Captain, W. L. Clark. 

Galbraith, John W., d. in prison, August 1, [ Harlem, Jam-.s J., d. in prison, Jan. 20, 1864. 

1S64. Hale, William J., d. in pri-:on, Jan. 30, 1S64. 

Alexander, William, d. seme time in Septem- Henderson, William J., d. in prison, July 25, 

ber, 1864, away from his command. I 1864. 

Hull, Robert, d. in prison, Aug. 15, 1864. 
40 



626 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



COMPANY H. 
Captain, Clark Rhodes. 

I Langford, William, k. in action, Aug. 31, 1SG2. 



Dononoo, Joseph, d. Aug., 1862. 
Morris, Joseph, k. Aug. 31, 1S62. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, N. C. Langford. 
Kimbrough, Lieut. C. M., k. July 22, ISO.:. | Moody, George O., k. July 22, 18G3. 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, William Wallace Gillespie. 
Sam, George, d. June 21, 1862, I Gillespie, J. S., d. in hospital at Kingston, 

Pugh, W. J., k. in East Tennessee, Feb., 1SG4. March 21, 1864. 



Fro3[ Gkn. Joseph Wheeler. 

The Second Tennessee Cavalry (Wheeler's Cavalry Corps) was organized May 2.3, 1862. 
List of officers killed or died of exposure or wounds, wounded in battle, promoted, trans- 
ferred, resigned, etc., during the war: 

Colonel. 

Ashby, H. M., wounded June, 1SG3; promoted to command of brigade. 

Lieutenant-colonels. 

Gillespie, II. C, wounded and disabled at Pied- Kuhn, J. H., wounded at Chickamauga, Sept. 



rnont, Va.; resigned Dec, 1SG3. 
MeLelland, George, resigned June, 1SG2. 
Branner, B. M., resigned June, 1SG2. 

Cobb, P. A., relieved March, 1SG4. 
Kuhn, J. H., promoted. 



'3\ 1863. 

Turner, George, appointed Lieutenant-colonel, 
and transferred to Gen. Wheeler's staff. 
Majors. 

1 Smith, W. M., wounded at Lancaster, Ky n 
I Aug. 31, 18G3. 
Adjutants. 



Bearden, R. M., wounded at Lancaster, Ky., I Coffin, Charles 

A'ig. 31, 1S63; promoted. 

Captains. 
Kuhn, J. H., wounded; promoted to Lieuten- , Anderson, Amos. 

anf-eolonel. 
Lauderdale, J. IL, promoted. 
Rogers, John 11., k. at Murfreesboro, Dec. 30, 

1863. 
Stone, C. F. 
Burke, John K. 
Ford, William, k. at Chickamauga, Sept. 20, 

1S03. 
Ford, James, d. in prison. 
Owens, W. P., wounded at Somerset, Ky., 

March 31, 18G3. 



Smith, W. M., promoted to Major. 

Kirkpatrick, S. J. 

Stone, C. T. 

Clark, W. L., wounded at Danville, March 12, 

1SG3. 
Rhodes, C. 
Traynor, John D. 
Langford, N. C, wounded in Georgia, Dec, 

1864. 
Gillespie, W. W. 



Lauderdale, J. H., promoted. 

Tibbs, C. A. 

Burke, John IT., promoted. 

Kelly, Charles H. 

Ferd, James, promoted. 

Anderson. Amos, promoted. 

Moore, , wounded at Chickamauga, Sept. 

20, 186S; k. at Clinch Mountain, March, 1SG5. 
McMahan, John, k. at Aiken, S. C, Feb. 11, 

1SCG. 
Kirkpatrick, S. J., promoted. 
Foute, O. B., resigned July, 1303. 



First Lieutenants. 

Coffin, James P. 

Manani, B. G., promoted to Captain and Assist- 
ant Adjutnnt-ceneral. 
Moore, N. B., resigned 1SG3. 
Johnson, Jacob. 
Wheeler, — — . 
Brads haw, A. N. 
Traynor, John D. 
Newman, W. T., wounded (lost an arm) June, 

1861. 
Tipton, W. H., resigned July, 1863. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 627 



SfcCOND Li 

Tibbs, C. A., promoted. 

Kuhn, N. W., resigned May, 1804. 

Left, J. H., wounded Dec, 1864. 

Kelly, Charles H., promoted. 

Helm, John, wounded and resigned. 

Clark, Samuel. 

Anderson, Amos, promoted. 

Willis, Larkin. 

Kyle, C. C. 

McMahan, John, k. Feb. 11, I860, 

Legg, Jack, retired Nov., 1864. 

Orogell, R C, appointed for gallantry Sept. 

5,1862; k. Sept. 20, 1SG3. 
Moore, N. B. 
Johnson, Jacob; 
Murray, John, resigned 1863. 
Cobb, A. J., k. on Wheeler's raid in Tennessee, 

Sept. 7, 1863. 



EUTENANTS. 

Gallagher, John F. 

Dicky, H. P. 

Huff, James. 

McGuire, John, k. at Chickamauga, Sepr. 22, 

1863. 
Newman, W. T., right arm shot off 18C4. 
Pride, Thomas, deserted 1863. 
Krcws, George. 
Coffin, James P., promoted. 
Shannon, E. G. 
Kimbrough, C. M., k. in Tennessee, July IS. 

1863. 
Tipton, W. II. 
Bayless, James. 
Sartaiu, Thomas. 

Morris, Jesse, k. at Aiken, Feb. 11, 1803. 
Brooks, John M., wounded at Chickamauga, 

Sept. 22, 1863. 



THIRD TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

Ojncial.'] 

Colonel, James W. Starnes. 

COMPANY A. 
Captains: Aaron Thompson and E. L. Lindsey. 
Phillips, John D., d.. when and where not stated. 

COMPANY B. 

Captain, John L. Britton. 

Vance, J. H., d. May 16, 1862. 

COMPANY P. 

Captain, Alfred A. Dysart. 

Collins, Willis M., d. May 11, 1SG2, at Chatta- 1 Sumey, Franklin A., d. May 13, 1SC2, in Frank- 



nooga. , 

Hunter, Thomas N., d. May 10, 1SG2, at Chatta- 
nooga. 
Jones, David, d. May 18, 1862, in Franklin 
county, Tenn. 



lin county, Tenn. 
Swiney, Warren L. D., d. May 3, 1302, at Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn. 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, W. A. Hubbard. 

COMPANY G. 

Captain, William S. McLemore. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, Joshua E. Teague. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, P. H. McBride. 

COMPANY L. 
Captain, G. W. Robinson. 



623 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

Fkom Gen. Jo.-epii Wheeler. 

The Third Regiment Tennessee Cavalry Volunteers (Dibroll's Brigade, Wheeler's Cavalry 
Corps; was organized May 25, 1862, and mustered into the Confederate service Hay 2C, 1862. 

Field and Staff. 
Colonel, James W. Starnes. Elected May 20, 1862. Died of wounds received in action, 
June 30, 1863. 
Lieutenant-colonel, Perril C. Haynes. Elected May 26, 1862. Resigned February 25, 1804. 
Major, Peter T. Rankin. Elected May 26, t862. Resigned April 3, 1863, 
Surgeon, Ed. Swanson. Elected May 26, 1862. 

Assistant Surgeon. Alien G. Gooch. Elected May 26, 1862. Resigned August 28, 1864. 
Chaplain, W. H. Whitsett. Elected May 2G, 1862. Deserted December 2, 1864. 
Assistant Commissary Subsistence, Moses H. Clift. Appointed. 
Assistant Quartermaster, Joseph B. Briggs. Appointed July 10, 1S63. 
Adjutant, William H. Davis. Appointed July 10, 1862. 

Company A. 
Captain, Aaron Thompson. Elected May 26, 13G2. Died of wounds received in action, 
July 1, 1S63. 

First Lieutenant, James C. Cundiff. Elected May 26, 1862. Promoted July 1, 1863. 
Second Lieutenant, Ben F. Boyd. Elected May 26, 1862. 
Brevet Second Lieutenant, Silas S. Short. Elected May 26, 1862. 

Company B. 

Captain, J. B. Britton. Elected May 20, 1862. Resigned February 28, 1863. 
First Lieutenant, C. C. Rutherford. Elected May 20, 1302. Died of wounds received in 
action, February 3, 1SG3. 
Second Lieutenant, E. L. Collier. Elected May 26, 1S62. Promoted February 3, 1863. 
Brevet Second Lieutenant, S. T. Bass. Elected May 20, 1362. Died of sickness, March 10, 

1863. 

Company C. 

Captain, E. L. Lindsey. Elected May 26, 1862. 

First Lieutenant, W. E. Donnel. Elected May 26, 1362. Died of wounds received in action, 

February 3, 1863. 

Second Lieutenant, C. C. Hancock. Elected May 20, 1862. Promoted February 3, 1863. 

Brevet Second Lieutenant, D. W. Granstaff. Elected May 26,1862. Promoted February 3, 

1863. 

Company D. 

Captain, A. A. Dysart. Elected May 26, 1862. Died of wounds received in action, March B, 
1863. 

First Lieutenant, W. M. Robinson. Elected May 2/5, 1862. Promoted March S, 1863. 
Second Lieutenant, F. M. Webb. Elected May 26, 1802. Resigned June 11, 1863. 
Brevet Second Lieutenant, John Carpenter. Elected May 20, 1862. 

Company E. 
Captain, G. W. Robinson. Elected May 26. 1862. Died December 2, 1862. 
First Lieutenant. W. F. White. Elected May 20, 1802. Resigned July 1, 1862. 
Second Lieutenant, W. A. Hubbard. Elected May 26, 1302. Promoted July 1, 1SC2. 
Brevet Second Lieutenant, J. W. Norton. Elected May 26, 1862. Resigned April 3, 1S63. 

Company F. 
Captain, W. S. MeLemore. Elected May 26. 18G2. Promoted April 3, 1868. 
First Lieutenant, J. T. Pierce. Elected May 26, 1862. Promoted April 3. 1863. 
Second Lieutenant, S. S. Hushes. Elected May 26, 1862. Promoted April 3, 1863. 
Brevet Second Lieutenant, S. C. Tullos. Elected May ^6, 1862. Promoted April 3, 1863. 

Costpany G. 
Captain, Andrew McGregor. Elected May 26, 1862. Resigned June 2, 1S64. 
First Lieutenant, A. G. Duffy. Elected May 20, 1362. Died of wounds received in action, 
February 3, 180-;. 








? ^%. 



f ■&* m: 




'"•■•, 



>•■->. 






C " 



'^ 



j a.'JL ; *iNQ 




I 






Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



629 



Second Lieutenant, J. H. Dice. Elected May 20, 1802. Promoted February 3, 186a 
Brevet Lieutenant, E. W. Bunvell. Elected May 26, 1SC2. Resigned June 12, 1SG:J. 

Company H. 
Captain, J. E. League. Elected May 2G, 18G2. Resigned December 6, 1SG2. 
First Lieutenant, J. W. Johnson. Elected May 26, 1862. Resigned October 16, 1SG2. 
Second Lieutenant, P. G. Prior. Elected May 26, 1862. Resigned October 20, 18G2. 
Brevet Lieutenant. J. M. Rogers. Elected May 26, 1862. 

Company I. 
Captain, J. M. McBride. Elected May 2G, 1S62. Resigned July 10, 18G3. 
First Lieutenant, J. A. Smotherman. Elected May 20, 1862. Deserted July 20, 18G2. 
Second Lieutenant, G. L. Freeman. Elected May 20, 1802. Died of wounds received in 
action, October 2o, 1802. 
Brevet Lieutenant, T. W. Lewis. Elected May 2G, 1802. Promoted October 20, 1S62. 

Company K. 
Captain, Francisco Rice. Elected June 9, 1862. 

First Lieutenant. John B. Poston. Elected November 14, 1802. Died of wounds received in 
action, March 1G, 1803. 
Second Lieutenant, W. E. Baker. Elected November 14, 1862. Promoted March 16, 1863, 
Brevet Lieutenant, W. A. Young. Elected November 14, 1802. Promoted March 10, lS&i. 



FOURTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

By Geo. B. Guild, Nashville, Tenx. 



The troops of this command did not assume a regimental form till just before 
the battle of Murfreesboro, in 1862. It was made up of different detachments 
which had been in the service from the beginning of the war. The following 
were its officers: Baxter Smith, Colonel; Paul F. Anderson, Lieutenant-colonel; 
W. Scott Bledsoe, Major; J. A. Minnis, Adjutant, who was captured in May, after 
the organization, and Geo. B. Guild was appointed and served in that capacity till 
the surrender in 1SG-3; Marcellus Grissom, Captain and Assistant Quartermaster; 
Wm. Bone, Captain and Assistant Commissary; W. T. Delaney, Surgeon; W. T. 
Allen, Assistant Surgeon; W. A. Rushing, Sergeant-major; J. A. Stewart, Jas. 
Nance, Buglers. Co. A, Capt. David W. Alexander; Co. B, Capt. C. H. Ingles; 
Co. C, Capt. Geo. Moore; Co. D, Lieut. Robt. Bone; Co. E, Capt. H. E. Wyiy; 
Co. F, Capt. Jas. R. Lester; Co. G, Capt. J. W. Nichol; Co. H, Capt. Samuel If. 
Glover; Co. I, Capt. Robt. Bledsoe; Co. K, Capt. James H. Britton; Co. L, tTapt. 
J. J. Parton. 

Recruited as follows: Co. A in Marshall county; Cos. B and L in Sevier and 
Knox counties; Co. C in Smith county; Cos. I), F, and K in Wilson and De Kalb 
counties; Co. G m Rutherford and Cannon counties; Co. E in Cannon county; Co. 
H in Hamilton county and North Alabama; and. Co. I in Fentress county. 

The regiment was brigaded with the Eighth and Eleventh Texas and Second 
Georgia. Afterward the Second Georgia was transferred, and the First Kentucky 
for awhile, and at the surrender, and for some time previous, the Third Arkansas 
composed the brigade. Col. Thomas Harrison, oi the Eighth Texas, commanded 
the brigade; Maj.-gen. John A. Wharton, division commander; Gen. Jos. Wheeler, 
corps commander. Co. K \v;is detached the greater part of the war, serving as an 
escort to the commanding General. 



630 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



The regiment served with the Array of Tennessee throughout the war, and par- 
ticipated in all the marches and battles in which that army was engaged, and sur- 
rendered with it at Charlotte, N. C, in May, I860. The regiment, however, did 
not accompany Gen. Hood into Tennessee in 1864, from the fact that just before 
the fall of Atlanta the enemy's cavalry, under Gens. McCook and Stoneman, had 
made a raid to our rear, and after returning from the complete destruction of these 
commands the regiment went with Gen. Wheeler on a raid into Middle Tennes- 
see. On its return Hood had marched into Tennessee, and the regiment was or- 
dered, with other cavalry, to watch Sherman, who was still at Atlanta, and after- 



ward marched to Savannah, Ga., during which time they were engaged in daily 
skirmishing and fighting. Daring this, march the regiment participated in two 
heavy engagements at Griswoldsville and Buck Head Church, losing many valu- 
able men though punishing the enemy severely. 

?The regiment was in Savannah when Sherman, with his army, appeared before 
the city. With other troops it assisted in disputing the entrance to the city for 
some days. The forts below the city having been captured by the enemy's naval 
forces, it necessitated an evacuation of the place. We retired into South Caro- 
lina, participating in the battles of Fayetteville and Averyboro, and again came 
up with what was left of the Army of Tennessee at Bentonville, X. C, the last 
general engagement of that army. In this engagement the regiment acted a con- 
spicuous part, performing service as worthy of honorable mention as any enacted 
during the war. The enemy, with an infantry force, was about capturing a bridge, 
the only egress of the army. At an opportune moment, with Gen. Hardee at the 
head of the column, composed of the Fourth Tennessee and Eighth Texas, a 
charge was made and the enemy driven back, saving the bridge and army. In 
this charge Gen. Hardee's son, who had joined the command that day, was killed, 
with many other valuable officers and men. 

After the battle of Bentonville the army retreated through Raleigh, X. C, our 
regiment acting as rear-guard. At Chapel Hill, N. C, while engaged in a skir- 
mish with the enemy, it was apprised for the first time of the pending armistice 
between Gens. Sherman and Johnston. The last hostile gun in that army was 
fired by this regiment. 

It is proper to state that there were two Confederate regiments known as the 
Fourth Tennessee Cavalry — Starnes's old regiment (Col. McLemore) and Smith's 
Fourth (Col. Baxter Smith). This regiment was enrolled at Richmond as the 
Eiglrth, but had assumed the name of the Fourth before it was known that Starnes 
claimed that number, serving as they were in different departments. Dibrell's 
regiment had claimed the name of Eighth. Having made an enviable reputation 
. under that name, it was retained. All three of these regiments stood high as sol- 
diers with every commanding General under whom they served, and neither was 
ever apprehensive that its character would sutler by the conduct of the other or 
by this intermingling of names. 

It is not expected to give a succinct history of the different marches and battles 
in which this regiment was engaged, the privations of their soldier-life, the abso- 
lute suffering at times for every necessary of life, the exposure to a summer sun 
and heat and to the frosts and snow of winter during their long and toilsome 
marches, nor the long, dark night of captivity of many of them in Northern pris- 
ons. Tiie history of every civilized war pales into insignificance before it. No 



Eegtmental Histories and Memorial Kolls. G31 

cavalry regiment stood higher .with the General in command, and none made a 
more brilliant record. It participated in nearly every great battle from Shiloh 
to Bentonviile. Its dead sleep on every field where the army fought, and many 
among its survivors are maimed and wounded. On its battle-flag can be inscribed 
Shiloh, Perryville, Mtirfreesboro, Chiekamauga, Dalton, Tunnel Hill, Resaca, New 
Hope Church, Marietta, Atlanta, Xewnan, Griswoldsville, Buck Head Church, 
Saltville (Va.), Fayetteville (X. C), Bentonviile, and a hundred other engage- 
ments of less importance. 

At Chiekamauga the regiment went into the fight eight hundred strong. At 
the date of the surrender at Charlotte, X. C, they numbered nearly three hun- 
dred. The roster was as follows: Baxter Smith, Colonel commanding the brigade; 
Geo. B. Guild, Captain and Assistant Adjutant-general; Jas. R. Tester, Captain 
and Assistant Inspector-general; P. F. Anderson, Lieutenant-colonel commanding 
the regiment; W. Scott Bledsoe, Major; John Price, Assistant Quartermaster; 
Lieut. Crozier, Acting Adjutant; II. McClain, Acting Assistant Quartermaster; 
Wm. McClain, Assistant Commissary; W. T. Delaney, Surgeon; Wm. Allen, As- 
sistant Surgeon; W* W. Hendricks, Chaplain; W. A. Rushing, Sergeant-major; 
Jas. Nance, Bugler. Co. A, Lieut. Bice McClain commanding; Co. B, Capt. C. 
H. Ingles; Co. C, Capt. Geo. Moore; Co. D, Lieut. B. Bone; Co. E, Capt. H. E. 
Wyly; Co. F, Lieut. W. H. Phillips; Co. G. Capt. J. W. Nxchol; Cos. H and L 
(consolidated), Lieut. Hight; Co. I, Lieut. John Story; Co. K, Capt. J. H. Brit- 
ton. 

Many gallant officers and men were killed or disabled in battle, and we regret 
that we have not the memoranda from which to make an honorable mention of 
all of them. It would be invidious to name some and leave out others equally as 
meritorious. As will be seen, the companies were recruited in different sections 
of the State. Many of the survivors have since died, others have scattered to dif- 
ferent States, and it has been an impossibility to get the necessary reports upon 
which to base an accurate statement. This is to be regretted. In fact, there 
seems to be a culpable indifference on the part of the Confederate soldier to do 
any thing to preserve to posterity the glory he so nobly won. Many of them 
sleep in their blankets in distant and unmarked graves; and when memory at 
times reverts to the gory fields where they lost their lives, we can but exclaim 

Ah. realm of tombs! but let it bear 

This blazon to the last of time: 
No nation rose so white and fair 

Or fell so pure of crime. 



Feo^i Gen. Joseph AVheelee. 

The Fourth Tennessee Cavalry (Wheeler's Cavalry Corps) was organized at Nolensville, 
Term., November 1, 1S62. 

List of officers killed or died of exposure or wounds, wounded in battle, promoted, trans- 
ferred, resigned, etc., during the war: 

Colonel. 

Smith, Baxter, wounded at Woodbury, Tenn., Sept. 1, 18G3. 

Lieutenant -colonel. 
Anderson, Paul F., wounded at Fort Donelson, Feb. 3, 1803. 



632 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Adjutants. 
Guild, George B., appointed May, 1SC3, and I Minnis, J. A., captured May, 1£03. 
acted until the surrender of the armies. 

Captains. 
Alexander, D. W., wounded at Murfreesboro. 

Tenn., Jan. 1, 1888. 
Ingles, C. H., wounded in battle. 
Cunningham, F., resigned. 
Moore, George C, wounded in battle. 
Phillips, J. M., wounded at Perryville, Oct. 8. 

1862, and at Murfreesboro, L>ee. 31. 1882. 
Lester, J. R., wounded at Murfreesboro, Dee. 

31, 1882. 

First Lieutenants. 
MeClain, A. R., wounded at Farmington, 1S63, j Preston, H. L., wounded at Chiekamauga, and 

and Dalton, May, 1864. ! at Moruingsville, N. C, April 1, 1365. 

Massengill, J. T., wounded at Murfreesboro Youree. IX L. 

and Moruingsville, N. C, April, 1S65. Gam, William, wounded at Morrison Station, 

Moore, G. C, promoted and wounded. Aug., 1862. 



Wyly, H. A. 

Nichol, J. W., wounded at Woodbury, April, 

1SC3. 
Glover, S. H., wounded at Morrison Station, 

Aug., 1862. 
Bledsoe, R. H., k. in battle, 1864. 
Britcon, J. H. 
Partin, J., k. in battle at Chiekamauga. 



Guild, George B., promoted. - MeGee, J. R. 

Bone, R. C, wounded at Readyville, Tenn., i Corbett, W. B., wounded at Chiekamauga.' 

1864. Russell, . 

Burgess, C. T. ' 

Second Lieutenants. 
Orr, J. L. 1 Lagly, J. A., d. in prison, 1864. 

Baird, C. A. McKoight, F. W. 

Carmack, G. W., promoted. Light, William. 

Massengill, J. F., k. in battle, March 10, 1S65. j Bowman, R. F., k. in battle, 1S64. 
Scruggs, R. L., wounded at 3furfreeeshoro, j Elliott, G. R. 



1363, and at New Hope Church, Ga., 1804. 
Hogan, J. E. 
Barbee, J. T., wounded at New Hope Church, 

Ga^ 1864. 
Arnold, J. S., wounded in battle, 1864. 
Sullivan, W. L. 
Fathera, J. R. 
Williamson, J. H. 
Phillips, W. H., wounded in battle, Aug., 1S64. 



Hildreth, William, promoted. 
Anderson, DeWitt. 
Henry, William, promoted. 
Scoggins, Sam. 
Glover, W., promoted. 
Story, John, promoted. 
Fields, Richard, resigned, 1864. 
Easley, , d. of disease, 1863. 



Official,'] Firld and Staff, Foerth Tennessee Cavaery. 

Colonel, Baxter Smith; Lieutenant-colonel, P. F. Anderson; Major, W. S. Bledsoe; Adju- 
tant, J. A. Minnis; Quartermaster, J. 31. Grissom ; Commissary, W. D. Bone; Assistant Sur- 
geon, W. T. Delaney. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, D. W. Alexander. 



Bell, J. C, k. at Crab Orchard, Ky., Oct. 14, 1862. 
Reid, J. W., k. at Crab Orchard, Ky., Oct. 11, 

1862. 
Curran, James, k. at Morrison's Depot, Tenn., 

Aug. 16. 1862. 
Crockett, F. 81., k. at Morrison's Depot, Tenn.. 

AU2. 16, 1S62. 



Wood, B. S., k. near Readyville, Tenn., Nov. 

20, 1862. 
Anderson, N., k. at Lewisburg, Tenn., Dec. 12, 

1862. 
Seintifer, P. C, d. Feb. 15, 1862. 
Haro, T., d. in Washington county, Va., April 

27, 1862. 



Ellison, J. H., k. at Morrison's Depot, Tenn., J Thomas, James, d. at Huntersville, Va., M^rch 

Aug. 16, 1862. ! 27, 1862. 

Neil, J. W., k. at Morrison's Depot, Tenn., Aug. j Watts, W. A., d. at Greenwood, Va. r April 27, 

16, 1S62, j 1S62. 

Ogalvie, R. H., d. Sept. IS, 1861. | Gentry, J. M., d. Sept. 18, 1861. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



6:?^ 



COMPANY B. 
Captains: C. H. Ingles and 31. A. Christian. 
King, M. G., drowned at Knoxville, Oct. 5, I8G2. j February, George, d. at Knoxville. 

Hearn, Second Lieut. R. E., d. from tlie effects 
of wounds received in battle near Dalton, 



Liodawood, J. L., k. at Murfreesboro, Dec. 31 

1862. 
Giesler, Second Lieut. David, d. at Berlin 

Tenn., of disease, March 17, 1863. 



Ga., May 9, 1864. 



COMPANY C. 
Captains: Francis Cunningham and E. L. Lindsey. 
. Comer, J. J., k. at Readyville, Tenn., Sept. 6, 1864. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, J. M. Phillips. 



Jones, Thompson, d. May 25, 1863. 
Organ, W. H., d. Feb. 10, 1863. 
Whittock, D. F., d. M - reh 12, 1863. 
Barlow, John, k. in action. 
Smith, J. M., k. in action. 
Williams, James, k. in action. 



McMillan, J. M.,k. in action at Franklin, Tenn.. 

Dec. 12, 1862. 
Prichett, Jasper, d. at Murfreesboro, Dec. 15, 

1862. 
Dougherty, John N, k. Sept 6, 1862. 



COMPANY E. 

Captain, H. A. Wyly. 

Hume, J. H., d. May 30, 1S63. 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, James R. Lester. 



Williams. W. H., d. Nov. 10, 1862. 



Martin, *. R.. d. Nov. 30, 1862. 
Roberson, J. B., d. Dec. 12. 1862. 
Roberson, S. A., u. Nov. 27, 1862. 
Webber, C. M., k. Dec. 21, 1862. 
Witherspoon. D.C., k. Oct. 16, 1862 
Bynum, W. M., d. April 28, 1863. 
Baker, J. A., d. April 28, 1S63. 



1 Prichett, John, d. May 12, 1862. 

COMPANY G. 
Captain, J. W. Niehol. 

•Dougherty, James, d. from gunshot wound, 
April 18, 1863. 
Hughes, J. C, k. March 30, 1863. 
Todd, C. H., d. March 18, 1803. 
Talbert, D. W., k. March 4, 1863. 
Todd, W. A., d. May 13, 1863. 
Jones, J. E., d. June 26, 1S63. 

COMPANY H. 

Captain, Samuel H. Glover. 



Barlow, John, k. in action Aug. 31, lSb3. 

Gilliam, Jacob, d. 

Smith, J. M., k. in action Dec. 12, 1862. 



Williams, James, k. in action Oct. 8, 1862. 
Wadkins, Thomas, d. 



Poor, John, k. in action. 
Adkins, J. F., k. in action. 
Jewett, A.C., k. in action. 
Padgett, John, k. in action. 



COMPANY I. 
Captain, R. H. Bledsoe. 

| Cum mi rigs, W. F., k. in action. 
I Allen, W., k. id action, 
j Linder, J. J., k. in action. 

I 

COMPANY K. 

Captain, James H. Britton. 



G34 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



FIFTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY, 



Official] 



Colonel, G. W. MoKenzie. 

COMPANY A. 
Captains: J. L. Blaekwell and A. J. Ragon. 

COMPANY B. 
Captains: John Biythe and James M. Kineaid. 
Davis, T. H., d. Nov. 20, 1862. j Crabtree, Calvin, d. March 20, 1803, in Roane 

Wilkerson, Claiborn, d. Nov. 21, 1SG2. | county, Tenn. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, W.O., Martin. 

COMPANY D. 
Captain, A. W. Beegles. 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, Thaddeus M. Carder. 



\ 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, A. L. Mima 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, William B. Jone 
Kite, Brownlow, d. at Knoxville. 
Gibson, James, d. in hospital at Jacksboro, 
Tenn., Feb. 2G, 1S63, 



Koehrehan, W. C, d. at home. 
Horner, Isaac N., d. near Williamsburg, Ky., 
April 20, 1363, having been accidentally shot. 



COMPANY H. 
Captain, W. W. Mullendore. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, W. W. Lillard. 
- - Singleton, William, d. in hospital at Covington, Ga., July 28, 1SG4 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, D. C. Ghormley. 
McEldry, William, k. Nov. 2S, 1362. j Farmer, John, k. March 6, 1S63. 

Alexander, James, d. in hospital at Clinton, i Gladdin, WiHiam, d. at home, April 22, 1363. 
April 29, !Sf53. ' 



I 



SECOND BATTALION TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

Official.] 

Lieutenant-colonel, G. W. McKenzie. 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, J. L. Blaekwell. 

Blansit, G. II.. wounded at Wallace's Cross- 1 Cannon, R. M., d. Oct. 5, 1862, at Chickamai 
roads, July 15, 1862, and d. July 13, 1S62. | Tenn. 









C a P T J P Rl/3 5 







■■■'■* «i 



COL.W. L.OUCKWORTI 



if 



v 



EU ' M J li v i MGSTONE 



PRIVATE JAM£5 









Regimental Histories and Memorial Bolls. 



635 



FIRST TENNESSEE CAVALRY/ 



Official.] 



Colonel, John F. Rogers. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, A. J. Brock. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, Wm, L. Erovvn. 

COMPANY D. 
Captain, Robert W. McClang. 



Pearson, Duke W., d. at home, March 12, 1862. 
Thomas, Jackson, k. at Big- Creek, March U, 

1S62. 
Dunn, Levi, d. in Maury county, Ga., Jan. 11, 

1862, from measles. 



Bain, Andrew B., d. at Cleveland, Tenn., June 

21, 18(32, from the effect of measle3, 
Devers, Poland, d. Jan. 11, 1S62, from the effect 

of measles. 
Hammond?. John W., k. at Big Creek, March 

20, 1862, by the Federals. 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, Thomas S. Gorman. 

COMPANY F. 

Captain, J. L. Blackwell. 

Blackwell, R., d. at Knoxville, Term, Feb. 15, 1S62. 

COMPANY G. 
Captain, John B. McLin. 
Proffitt, Jeremiah W., d. Jan. 19, 1S62. i Broyles, A. T., d. at home, April 7, 1862. 

Porter, "William, k. in action April 3, 1S62, in Kinchelo, George, k. accidentally, May 7, 1362 
Scott county. 1 at Kingston, Tenn. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, James M. Kincaid. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, J. G. M. Montgomery 



SEVENTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

By a Committee of Officers, Memphis and Brownsville, Tenn. 

The nucleus of the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry was known as " Logwood's Bat- 
talion," which was composed of the Memphis Light Dragoons, Capt. Thos. II. 
Logwood, of Shelby county; the Shelby Light Dragoons, Capt. John G. liallen- 
tine, of Shelby county; Hill's Cavalry, Capt. Charles II. Hill, of Tipton county; 
and the Tennessee Mounted Kifles, Capt. Jo. White, of Shelby county. These 
four companies were organized into a battalion at Columbus, Ky., during the fall 
of 1S61 by the election of Thos. H. Logwood Lieutenant-colonel and Chas. H. 
Hill Major, with John W. Somerville Adjutant; Lieut. W. F. Taylor being pro- 
moted to be Captain of ibe Memphis Light Dragoons and Lieut. J. V. Green Cap- 
tain of Hill's Cavalry. 

The battalion was kept steadily employed in outpost duty, and had several small 
skirmishts. During the battle of Belmont a portion of the battalion was engaged 



; The or'trinal Fifth. 



636 



MitiTABY Annals of Tennessee. 






on the Missouri side of the river, the renin inder being held in reserve on the bluffi, 
Kentucky side. 

The winter of 1861-2 was spent in scouting by detachments, the command oc- 
cupying a camp of wooden huts built by themselves on Bayou Desha, Ky. Early 
in the spring of 1SG2, Wra. H. Jackson, Captain of Artillery, C. S. A., was or- 
dered by Gen. G. T. Beauregard to organize a cavalry regiment from the detached 
companies of West Tennessee, and " Logwood's Battalion " being ordered to L nion 
City, the Seventh Tennessee was massed preliminary to a regular organization, 
with Wffl. H. Jackson acting as its Colonel and Chas. II. Hill Major. 

An attack by a detachment of Federal cavalry from Hiekman, Ky., only ten 
miles distant, caught the unorganized regiment only partly armed and imperfectly 
supplied with ammunition; but poocjy prepared as it was, its defense, in spite of 
the surprise, was so vigorous that the attacking party fell back, doing but little 
damage. The several companies, conscious of their weakness, went into new 
quarters at Trenton, Tenn. Here, being joined by Capts. II. C. McCutchen, J. J. 
Neeley, J. G. Slocks, C. C. Clay, and K. W. Haywood, with their respective com- 
panies, the regiment was partially organized May 24, under the same officers; and 
in various duties the command was steadily occupied on the front and flanks of 
the Southern army, with head-quarters at Kipley, Brownsville, Jackson, Term., 
and other points between the Mississippi and Tennessee rivers. The only note- 
worthy occurrence amidst numbers of small encounters at this period was the com- 
plete surprise and capture in May of a command of Federal cavalry at Lockridge's 
Mill, near the Kentucky line. A quantity of camp equipage, a number of horses, 
and eighty prisoners fell into the hands of the young regiment on this occasion. 

Soon after Fort Pillow was evacuated by Gen. Villepigue, his retreat being cov- 
ered principally by the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, which crossed the Memphis 
and Louisville railroad at Shelby Station and the Memphis and Charleston rail- 
road at Colliersville, moving by way of Holly Springs to Abbeville, Miss., where 
by order of Gen. Villepigue the regiment (June 10, 1S62) went into an election 
for field officers, resulting in a regimental organization as follows: 

"Win. H. Jackson, Colonel; J. G. Stocks, Lieutenant-colonel; W. L. Duckworth, 
Major; Joseph Wicks, Adjutant. 

Co. A, from Shelby county : W. F. Taylor, Captain ; J. W. Sneed, First Lieuten- 
ant; Henry W. Watkins, Second Lieutenant; W. L. Certain, Bvt. Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

Co. B, from Haywood, Fayette, and Tipton counties: J. P. F.ussell, Captain; H. 
T. Sale, First Lieutenant; Isaac N. Stinson, Second Lieutenant; Peter Winn, aft- 
erward succeeded by Eobt. J. Black, Bvt. Second Lieutenant. 

Co. C, from Shelby county: S. P. Bassett, Captain; John T. Lawler, First 
Lieutenant; John Albrecht, Second Lieutenant; Wm. Griffin, Bvt. Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

Co. D, from Haywood county: L. W. Taliaferro, Captain; H. J. Livingston, 
First Lieutenant; L H. Read. Second Lieutenant; T.J. Mann, Bvt. Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

Co. E, from Hardeman county: W. J. Tate, Captain; J. P. Statler, First 
Lieutenant; Lee Buffin, Second Lieutenant; Fisk Weaver, Bvt. Second Lieuten- 
ant. 

Co. F, from Haywood county: C. C. Clay, Captain; C. H. Jones, First Lieu- 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



037 






tenant; W. W. Robertson, Second Lieutenant; J. E. Gregory, Bvt. Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

Co. G, from Henry county: F. F. Aden, Captain; J. J. Blake, First Lieu- 
tenant; Benj. Diggs, Second Lieutenant; W. N. Griffin, Bvt. Second Lieutenant. 

Co. IT, from Weakley county: H. C. McCutchen, Captain; J. A. Jenkins, 
First Lieutenant; James Williams, Second Lieutenant; E. T. Ilollis, Bvt. Second 
Lieutenant. 

Co. I, from Tipton county: James R. Alexander, Captain; W. P. Malone, 
First Lieutenant; Phil. A. Fisher, Second Lieutenant; E. M. Downing, Bvt. Sec- 
ond Lieutenant, 

Co. K, from Shelby and Fayette counties: J. A. Anderson, Captain; J. S. 
Hiller, First Lieutenant; John Trent, Second Lieutenant; E. R. Scruggs, Bvt. 
Second Lieutenant. 

Co. L, from Haywood county: James Allen Taylor, Captain; Alex. Duck- 
worth, First Lieutenant; C. S. Taliaferro, Second Lieutenant; Frank Pugh, Bvt. 
Second Lieutenant, succeeded by Win. Witherspoon, Third Lieutenant. 

Co. M, from Haywood and Lauderdale counties: Ben T. Davis, Captain; W. 
H. Hoover, First Lieutenant; C. S. O. Rice, Second Lieutenant; James L. Liv- 
ingston, Bvt. Second Lieutenant. 

In August, 1862, the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, together with the First Mis- 
souri and First Mississippi cavalry regiments, under Brig.-gen. Armstrong, moved 
into West Tennessee, and engaged in assaults upon the enemy at Bolivar and Me- 
don, the object of the movement being simply to harass the enemy. On Septem- 
ber 1, whilst marching near Denmark, Tenn., a brigade of Federals under Col. 
Dennis was suddenly encountered, and a spirited engagement ensued, afterward 
known as the battle of Britton's Lane. This engagement resulted in a drawn bat- 
tle, with the advantage very decidedly in favor of the Confederates. In these sev- 
eral battles and skirmishes the Seventh Tennessee lost considerably in killed and 
wounded, among the latter being included the Major of the regiment. 

Returning into North Mississippi, the regiment, under Col. Jackson, partici 
pated in the campaign under Gen. Earl Van Dorn, and during the march north, 
in advance, captured a Federal force at Davis's Bridge. This campaign ended in 
the disastrous repulse and retreat from Corinth, Miss., October 4, 1862. In this 
battle companies G and IT, of the Seventh Tennessee, under Capts. F. F. Aden 
and Hi C. McCutchen, were detailed as an advance-guard to Gen. Price, and on 
the second day of the retreat built the rough-and-ready bridge across Hatchie 
River, over which Van Dorn made his escape from Rosecrans's army in the rear 
and Hurlbert's in his front. 

After the battle of Corinth a Federal expedition upon a large scale was pro- 
jected by Gen. U. S. Grant, who marched from Memphis, Tenn., south-east, and 
reached as far as Holly Springs, with his advance at Oxford, the Confederate forces 
meanwhile massing rapidly about Grenada, in his front. From Grenada Gen. 
Van Dorn, with about twenty-five hundred cavalry, including the Seventh Tennes- 
see, made a forced march of about ninety miles, and succeeded ki getting to 
Grant's rear at Holly Springs, completely surprising the force at that point and 
capturing it entire, together with over live million dollars worth of army store-s, 
which were destroyed. This brilliant achievement completely broke the plan of 
Gen, Grant, stopped his advance, and compelled the Federal army to fall back to 



638 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



its base at Memphis, where Grant occupied himself in arranging a new expedition 
through Yazoo Pass. Gen. Van Don?, however, did not wait lor Giant's retreat, 
but rapidly moved his force up the Mississippi Central railroad, engaging the en- 
emy at Davis's Mill and again at Middleton, Tenn., finally moving upon a Fed- 
eral force at Bolivar, Tenn., where there was a brisk engagement without [/artic- 
ular result; and having thus successfully accomplished the object of his move- 
ment, he returned with his command leisurely to needed rest with the main body 
of the army at Grenada, Miss. 

Gen. Pemberton now succeeded Gen. Van Dora in command at Grenada, and 
the army was withdrawn from that point to Jackson and Vicksburg, Miss., a con- 
siderable force under Gens. Loring and Tilghman being sent to Greenwood, at the 
head of the Yazoo, to intercept the movement of the Federals toward the Yazoo 
Pass. At or near the confluence of the Tallahatchie and Yallabusba rivers Fort 
Pemberton was built, and the enemy's gun-boats successfully kept at bay. The only 
cavalry with Loring and Tilghman was the main portion of the Seventh Tennessee, 
under Col. Stocks, Jackson having been made a Brigadier-general and ordered 
to Middle Tennessee with Van Dora. By Col. Jackson's promotion J. G. Stocks 
became Colonel, and W. L. Duckworth Lieutenant-colonel by seniority. Several 
companies were detached from the regiment on special service. Company A, un- 
der Capt. Wm. F. Taylor, was taken as escort by Gen. \Y. II. Jackson; Company 
B, under Capt. J. B. Russell, reported to Gen. Loring in person for special duty; 
and Company C, under Capt. John T. Lawler (who had succeeded Capt. Bassett, 
mortally wounded at Medon, Tenn.}, was ordered to North Mississippi to watch 
the movements of the enemy at Memphis, Tenn., and cover Major Simmons, who 
was gathering army supplies in that section. 

Shortly afterward Gen. Chalmers was ordered to Xorth Mississippi to take com- 
mand of that department, Company C, of the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, forming 
the nucleus about which he concentrated the scattered forces therein. In Febru- 
ary or March the main body of the regiment, conjoined with McCullough's First 
Missouri and Slimmons's Second Arkansas regiments of cavalry, were ordered to 
report together to Gen. Chalmers. Early in the summer Gen. Chalmers organ- 
ized an expedition to the Mississippi Paver, marching his force to a point about 
fifty miles below Memphis. The Federals, receiving intimation of the intended 
movement, sent out a force of cavalry and artillery to intercept him. which was 
met and routed near Hernando, Miss. Hotly pressed_, the Federals fled in confu- 
sion, leaving their dead and wounded on the field. They were pursued to the vi- 
cinity of Memphis, many guns, pistols, horses, saddles, and prisoners falling into 
the hands of the Southern forces. In this engagement Ave had several wounded, 
among the number Lieut. Hubert J. Black, of Company B. 

Capt. John T. Lawler, wdio with his company (C) was at this time ordered to 
follow, overtake, and rejoin the command, in marching near the Coldwater, dis- 
covered a force of Federals about one thousand strong, under Gen. Wisener, mov- 
ing rapidly with a view of capturing Chalmers's wagon-train, then unconscious 
of danger, quietly preparing for camp only a few miles ahead. Notifying Maj. 
W. D. Leiper, commanding wagon-train, of his danger, Cant. Lawler, with his 
little command, took post at Matthews' s Ferry, on Coldwater River, and the ad- 
vance of the Federals marched headlong into the ambush, and were astonished 
by receiving volley after volley from the Confederates, which emptied many sad- 



Regimental Histobies and Memorial Rolls. 030 



dies before they could wind back up the steep bluff-road to shelter. Ignorant of 
the force in their front, and unprovided with quick means of crossing the miry 
stream, the Federals were checked in their advance for nearly half a day, after 
which Capt. Lawler, with his small company of only about twenty-five men, by 
watchful activity and steady skirmishing at every suitable point in the muddy 
river bottom, successfully delayed the raidt-rs, making his final stand at Wal- 
nut Lake, the crossing of which he successfully held until the lake itself waa 
flanked by the Federals. This persistent resistance, which was materially aided 
by the character of the bottom through which they were moving, saved the train, 
which successfully joined the army the next day. 

"While the main portion of the regiment was thus engaged, Gen. Jackson was 
actively employed in Middle Tennessee, and Capt. W. F. Taylor, with his compa- 
ny (A) acting as escort, participated in numerous skirmishes, making a gallant 
charge near Spring Hill which called forth high compliments from the General 
commanding. This company, though actively and constantly engoged in arduous 
duties, did not rejoin the regiment for nearly a year. Captain Russell's company 
(B) was with Gen. Loring for nearly the same length of time, serving steadily in 
a difficult country for cavalry — around Greenwood, Canton, and Jackson. 

The latter part of the summer and in early fall the regiment remained in North 
Mississippi with Gen. Chalmers, recruiting, drilling, and scouting into West Ten- 
nessee. Col. Stocks's health failing, he resigned his position, and Lieut.-col. Duck- 
worth, by seniority, became Colonel of the regiment. For some months after this 
promotion the Seventh Tennessee had but a single field officer. 

The only notable event of this autumn affecting the regiment was a raid made 
by Gen. Chalmers upon Salem, Oct. Sth, where there was heavy fighting, the Sev- 
enth making a gallant charge, driving the enemy in every direction. On October 
11th Gen. Chalmers moved upon Colliersville, on the Memphis and Charleston 
railroad in Tennessee, at which point the Federals occupied a strong fort. Col- 
liersville was completely surprised, the enemy being driven into its inner works. 
It so happened that on the same day Gen. W. T. Sherman, with a large force, had 
moved by railroad out from Memphis, on the Memphis and Charleston railroad; 
and this purely accidental reinforcement, by adding largely to its numbers, saved 
the entire garrison from capture. The surprise, however, was absolute; the Fed- 
erals, just arrived and expecting only a temporary halt, Avere driven from the 
train. Gen. Sherman himself narrowly escaped capture, but his sword and a 
beautiful mare, together with several of his staff officers and escort, fell into the 
hands of the Confederates. The triumph, however, Avas short-lived, and after 
several gallant charges, in one of which Gen. Chalmers was wounded, the Confed- 
erates, overwhelmed by the strong force of the enemy, were forced to fall back 
behind Pigeon Eoost Creek, and the next day retired to Holly Springs. In this 
very severe engagement Col. W. L. Duckworth was in charge of the brigade, Capt. 
John T. Lawler, the senior officer present, being in command of the Seventh Ten- 
nessee, which took a conspicuous part in every charge, and especially in the ini- 
tial one which captured the train. During one of the fiercest charges made by 
this command many of the regiment were killed and wounded, Capt. Lawler be- 
ing among the latter. He received four wounds, one of which shattered his arm, 
while leading his men. Being unable to travel, he subsequently fell into the 
hands of the enemy. Capt. Alex. Duckworth (successor to J. A. Taylor], of 



(MO Military Annals of Tennessee. 

Company L, who succeeded Capt. Lawler when the latter fell, was also wounded, 
and lost the use of an arm. 

The Seventh Tennessee acted as rear-guard during the retreat, and had several 
spirited engagements, including a severe fight at Wyat.t, on the Tallahatchie River. 
During these severe engagements, in the absence of several officers either on duty 
or wounded, Lieut. II. J. Livingston, of Company D, commanded the regiment, 
and by his steadiness and good judgment, successfully checked the active progress 
of the pursuing enemy, until finding nothing further to be gained but hard blows, 
they gave up the chase and returned to Colliersville. At the time of this raid 
Capt. F. F. Aden with his company (G) was in West Tennessee with Col. T. H. 
Bell, recruiting and organizing troops, but afterward was attached to Gen. For- 
i rest's command in that section. 

About this time occurred the engagement at Moscow with Col. Hatch's Federal 
force, during which companies C and D, under command of Capt. L. W. Talia- 
ferro, performed the remarkable feat of capturing by a horseback charge the 
block-house on the Memphis and Charleston railroad at Grissom's Creek, near 
Rossvilie. The force at the block-house was completely surprised, and so closely 
followed in their retreat into their works by the mounted men that resistance 
was perfectly useless, and the whole party at once threw down their arms. 

Forrest was very successful in recruiting in West Tennessee, and early in De- 
cember (1863) with his force, including what was left of his old regiment, then 
known as Crews's Battalion, brought out of West Tennessee his unarmed recruits, 
brilliantly forcing his way through the enemy's lines, and reaching the camp of 
Gen. Chalmers on the evening of Dec. 31, 1S03. The next morning Gen. For- 
rest received assurance from Richmond of his promotion to the rank of Major- 
general, and took the command of all troops in North Mississippi, proceeding at 
once to reorganize them. Late in February, 1S64, he moved rapidly with his com- 
mand to West Point, Miss., on the Mobile and Ohio railroad, in order to inter- 
cept a raid from Memphis under Gens. Smith and Grierson, intended to destroy 
the road and supplies in the fertile section of country known as " Egypt," lying 
between Corinth and Meridian. The first of these troops was met at Egypt Sta- 
tion, Miss., by Col. Jeff. Forrest's brigade, to which the Seventh Tennessee Caval- 
ry had been assigned, and which fell back slowly through West Point to Sooka- 
tonchee Creek, four miles beyond, where it took position and was attacked by the 
Federals in superior force on the morning of February 21st. After a sharp en- 
gagement of two or three hours the enemy was repulsed, and was pursued north- 
ward the remainder of the day and far into the night. Early next morning the 
pursuit was vigorously renewed, and the Federals were steadily pressed through- 
out the day — constantly forming their best troops in the rear, to be successively 
charged and driven by Forrest's men, who were not only flushed with victory, but 
maddened by the sight of ruined and burning homes, barns, and corn-cribs, tired 
by the enemy both in his advance and retreat. Late on the afternoon of the 22d, 
Gen. Smith, badly harassed, rallied his forces for a final stand, and a large force 
of cavalry and artillery, composed of picked troops, was formed on the brow of a 
hill in a field flanking the Okolcna and Pontotoc road, abuiit eight miles below 
Pontotoc and near Prairie Mound. The old Seventh Tennessee, under Major C. 
C. Clay recently appointed), was brought from the flank, and Col. Duckworth 
put in charge of the brigade, as Gen. Forrest chose to lead the regiment in per- 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 641 



son. Driving in the Federal skirmishers, the regiment was met by the Federal 
cavalry coming down the hill at a charge in beautiful line. Kapidly dismounting 
and taking position in the undergrowth skirting a ravine at the foot of the hill, 
the Seventh Tennessee awaited the charge until the Federals were almost upon 
them, when they poured a murderous fire into them, which broke their line and 
threw them into confusion. At the command of Gen. Forrest to " charge them," 
the regiment dashed forward with a yell, and drove back the enemy in utter dis- 
order completely from the field and over their battery, which war, captured and 
turned upon them. This success was rapidly followed up by Gen. Forrest, and by 
night-fall the retreat of the Federals had become a rout, and before morning had 
degenerated into a panic. The gallant conduct of the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry 
upon this occasion called forth loud encomiums from the victorious General, with 
whom it ever afterward remained a favorite. Darkness coming on, Gen. Forrest 
established his head-quarters in a deserted cabin at the top of a hill and instructed 
Capt. F. F. Aden (Co. G), of the Seventh Tennessee, to send a reliable commissioned 
officer with twenty-five or thirty men " to keep the enemy stirred up and frightened 
till morning, and to send a courier back to bring up the command." Then retir- 
ing to the cabin, he gave himself up to unrestrained grief, lamenting the deatL 
of his gallant brother, Col. Jeff. Forrest, who had been killed early in the day. 

Lieut. W. B. Winston, at this time in command of Company C, Seventh Ten- 
nessee Cavalry (Capt. Lawler being still absent, a prisoner and wounded), was as- 
signed by Capt. Aden to the duty of continuing to harass the enemy during the 
night, which, with his company, he continued without intermission until daylight, 
through the bottom lands where the frightened enemy were making their be^t 
speed away, singly and in squads. Thus closed a running fight of three days, in 
which many of our best officers and men were killed or wounded, among the latter 
Maj. C. C. Clay; but all acted with such conspicuous gallantry that it would be in- 
vidious to further particularize. The enemy's killed and wounded were strewn 
promiscuously over fifty miles of ground, most of them being buried or cared for by 
the Southern troops. The Federal retreat was continued in disorganized squads all 
the way to Memphis, while the Confederates went into camp to their well-earned 
rest. 

In the month of March, 1864, Capt. Wffl. F. Taylor, who with his company (A) 
had been detached as escort to Gen. W. H. Jackson, returned to the regiment, 
and was assigned to duty, he being commissioned Lieutenant-colonel of the regi- 
ment. The field organization of the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry now stood: W. 
L. Duckworth, Colonel; Wm. F. Taylor, Lieutenant-colonel; C. C. Clay, Major; 
Wra. S. Pope, Adjutant. During this month Gen. Forrest led his command into 
West Tennessee and Kentucky, being accompanied by Governor Isham G. Har- 
ris. At or near Purdy, Tenn., Capt. F. F. Aden, with his company (G, Seventh 
Tennessee), was ordered to escort the Governor to Henry county, Tenn. In the 
vicinity of Mansfield, near Paris, Capt. Aden encountered a battalion of Federals, 
and a sharp engagement ensued, in which the enemy had two killed (including 
their Major), and several wounded. Capt. Aden had two men wounded. The 
Federal force retired, and Capt. A., having but forty men and the duty of protect- 
ing Governor Harris — for the capture of whom a large reward had been offered — 
prudently resumed his line of march, accomplished his duty without further mol- 
estation, and returned to Trenton, expecting there to rejoin his regiment. 
41 



642 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



On March 22d Gen. Forrest ordered Col. Duckworth to take the Seventh Ten- 
nessee, Col. W. W. Faulkner's Kentucky regiment, and McDonald's battalion 
(Lieut.-eol. Crews), and to capture Union City, while he, with the rest of his com- 
mand, moved on Paducah. Col. Duckworth, assured by a scout that Union City 
had no defenses but rifle-pits, ordered Col. Faulkner to approach it on the south, 
while he, with the- Seventh Tennessee and Crews' s battalion, approached on the 
north, in order at day-break the next morning to capture the place by a simultane- 
ous charge. The burning of a house by the Federals during the night, however, 
revealed the fact that they were securely lodged in a strong, square redoubt, pro- 
tected by hundreds of yards of well-made abatis. Col. Duckworth found it nec- 
essary to promptly change his plans, and dismounting his force, lie formed them, 
under coyer of the darkness, closely around the fort. At daylight, March '24th, 
heavy skirmishing was had, but it being evident that without artillery and with 
an inferior force capture by assault was an impossibility, Col. Duckworth re- 
solved to try the experiment of a ruse. His plan was submitted to Cols. Crews 
and Faulkner, the former of whom heartily concurring, Col. Duckworth proceeded 
to carry his ruse into effect. The idea was to convey the impression upon the 
Federals that our force was being largely strengthened by reenforeemeuts, and 
with this end in view a log was mounted on wagon-wheels, resembling a large 
piece of artillery; the horse-holders in the rear were instructed to sound bugles 
and raise a cheer, in which they were joined by the dismounted men in line, who 
advanced and opened a brisk fire, and the Colonel commanding dashed up under 
fire with a company of men as though for reeonnoissance. Col. Duckworth then 
wrote a demand for the immediate and unconditional surrender of the post, to 
which he signed the name of X. B. Forrest, Major-general commanding, which he 
sent in under a flag of truce commanded by Lieut. II. J. Livingston, of Company 
D, Serenth Tennessee. Col. I. It. Hawkins, Federal commander, replied, begging 
time, and asking to see Gen. Forrest. Col. Duckworth, however, sent another 
dispatch, signed as before in the name of Gen. Forrest, saying: "I am not in the 
habit of meeting officers inferior in rank to myself under a flag of truce, but I 
will send Col. W. L. Duckworth, who is your equal in rank, and who is author- 
ized to arrange terms and conditions with you, under instructions." Col. Duck- 
worth, at the head of Livingston's squad, handed Hawkins the reply, ami after a 
lapse of twenty minutes Hawkins handed Col. Duckworth in return a written sur- 
render. Thus the Federal post, horses, army stores, and about seven hundred 
prisoners passed into the hands of the Confederates almost without the loss of 
blood or the smell of powder. Among the wounded in the preliminary skirmish- 
ing was Lieut. Robert J. Llack, of Company B. 

During the next move of Gen. Forrest, which was upon Fort Pillow, the Sev- 
enth Tennessee was stationed at Randolph, on the Mississippi Kiver, for the pur- 
pose of preventing ree'nforeements being sent north from Memphis. Subsequently 
the command was camped several days at Jackson, Tenn., and from there returned 
to North Mississippi, where it enjoyed a season of comparative rest and quiet until 
about June 1, 1864, when it. was reported that a force of twelve thousand men, in- 
fantry, cavalry, and artillery, under Gen. Stunris, was moving down from Mem- 
phis into the prairie country of Mi>.-i>sippi. Gen. Stephen D. Lee, then in com- 
mand of the department, commenced ma-sing his forces to meet him, and sent 
Gen. Forrest with a command of less than four thousand men to hold and gain 





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E r.o i mental Histories and Memorial Rolls. Gio 



time by checking them. Forrest's command, including the Seventh Tennessee 
Cavalry (CqL W. L. Duckworth commanding), then at Kaldwyn, was moved rap- 
idly (June 10) down to Brice's Cross-roads, on Tishomingo Creek, and thrown at 
once into order of battle. Almost immediately upon its arrival, the Seventh Cav- 
alry participated in a desperate charge, made dismounted over a broad field and 
through an entanglement of black-jack and brush-wood, where for the most part 
the fighting was hand-to-hand and at times with clubbed guns. This stubborn 
charge, by winch the enemy's line was first forced, and, after an obstinate resist- 
ance, driven back, was led by Lieut.-col. Wm. F. Taylor, who had his horse shot 
under him, Col. Duckworth being on a different part of the field. The battle " 
raged hotly for about five hours, when the Federals were completely defeated. 
The defeat was a rout, the enemy being followed far into the night, until exhaust- 
ion compelled a temporary cessation of the pursuit. This night pursr.it — an ex- 
tremely severe duty, following as it did upon a long and exhausting day of steady 
marching and fighting — fell to the duty of the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, the 
advance-guard' of which tied by Lieut.-col. "Wen. F. Taylor with Lieut. "\Vm. B. 
Winston, of Co. C) was almost continuously engaged, and was especially conspic- 
uous for gallantry. 

This achievement of Gen. Forrest was one of the most brilliant, as well as re- 
markable, of the year. Deducting horse-holders, the Southern forces actually en- 
gaged did not exceed twenty-eight hundred men, while the enemy outnumbered 
them four to one. The Federals left all their artillery, their entire equipage, 
their wagon-train and supplies, together with a large number of prisoners and 
wounded, in the hands of the Confederates, and did not stop in their flight until 
they straggled, weary and worn, into Memphis. 

This battle, however, was not won without severe loss upon the Southern side, 
the Seventh Tennessee alone losing sixty-two in killed and wounded. Much of 
this loss occurred during the fierce charge above referred to. Among those 
wounded at this time was the dashing Capt. F. F. Aden, of Co. G, who also had 
his horse disabled. Here, too, was killed the lamented and gallant Adjutant Will- 
iam S. Pope, an officer greatly beloved in the regiment, and who had eminently 
distinguished himself on the field by Ids daring bravery. The position of Adju- 
tant to succeed him was assigned to John D. Huhn, First Sergeant of Co. C, by 
complimentary order dated June 10, 1864, "for gallantry on the field of battle."' 
He was among the wounded of the day during the hand-to-hand fight in the 
brush-wood, where he was seriously wounded in the head, and had his arm broken 
in two places. During the night pursuit, in one of the many lights at close quar- 
ters, the gallant Capt. W. J. Tate, of Co. E, was killed near Ripley. 

A month later another force advanced from Memphis under Gen. A. J. Smith, 
who, before being met by Southern troops, succeeded in reaching Harrisburg, 
Miss., where he threw up earth-works as a protection against an attack by the 
Confederate forces under the command of Gen. Stephen D. Lee. The battle that 
ensued was a stubborn and bloody one, lasting part of two days before the Feder- 
als withdrew from their works, on the night of July 14, and fell back in the di- 
rection of Memphis. During the battle lien. Kucker was wounded, and Col. Duck- 
worth had charge of his brigade, Lieut.-col. Taylor leading the regiment. The 
Federals were pureed and overtaken by lien. Forrest, but succeeded in effecting 
their escape in good order. In the battle and subsequent pursuit the Seventh. 



614. Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Tennessee bore a conspicuous part, and lost seventy-four officers and men killed 
and wounded, the loss at the main battle at Harrisburg being particularly heavy. 
Among the killed was the gallant Capt. Statler, of Co. E. 

Early the ensuing fall Gen. Forrest advanced through North Alabama into Mid- 
dle Tennessee for the purpose of cutting off Gen. Sherman's communications with 
Nashville. Crossing Bull Mountain and fording the Tennessee Itiver a few miles 
below Florence, Ala., the Seventh Tennessee participated in the achievements of 
I Gen. Forrest in all the brilliant cavalry movements that followed, being present 

at the capture of Athens, Ala., Sulphur Springs Trestle, and the long line of 
block-houses and fortifications along the Nashville and Decatur railroad as far a^ 
Pulaski, Tenn. The entire Southern command did not exceed two thousand men, 
and the Federals, by this time ascertaining its numerical weakness, began eoncen- 
trating in large force at various points and planning to capture it. Gen. Forrest, 
after a few brilliant and rapid marches in various directions, by which the enemy 
was confused as to his intentions, and at the same time other works were captured 
and destroyed, made his preparations for a retreat South, placing his "pets" — his 
old regiment and the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry — in the post of honor as rear- 
guard. 

When the advance reached the Tennessee River they found it so much swollen 
from recent rains that fording was no longer practicable, and two flat-boats were 
the only available means of crossing, fn the meantime the enemy were at the 
heels of the Southern command in a force steadily increasing by reinforcements 
from diverging lines. The Seventh received orders to hold them in cheek at all 
hazards while the main body of the command were crossed by the very slow proc- 
ess of ferriage in two boats. The Seventh discharged its duty, and held its 
ground inch by inch; but meanwhile every road, every avenue of escape, was 
gradually but surely being closed against it, and the broad lines of the Federal 
forces closing and hemming it in. Finally the last man of Forrest's main body 
crossed in safety, but who would check the foe while the rear-guard crossed the 
wide, rushing torrent? 

The regiment was now without a single field officer. Col. Duckworth had been 
sent to Mobile; Lieut.-col. Taylor had been left behind, wounded and ill, at 
Fayetteville, Tenn.; and Maj. Clay was absent, having not yet recovered from 
wounds received some time before. The command devolved upon the senior offi- 
cer present, Capt. II. C. McCutchen (Co. II), who proved himself fully equal to 
the emergency. A hasty council was held by the company officers, and it was de- 
cided to break ranks by companies, and each company, under its senior officer, to 
take care of itself in its own way. There was no time for any thing else. Our 
pickets and skirmishers were already driven in. At once the order was given, 
and each company commander quietly moved off his men at db-cretion. The ad- 
ventures of the separated companies would form a thrilling and romantic history 
in itself, but cannot be related here. Suffice it to say that without disbandment 
each company succeeded in effecting its escape intact, and without the loss of a 
single man. Some evaded the enemy and passed to his rear, others crossed the 
river at once by swimming and in other ways, but some weeks passed before 
regiment again assembled in mutual congratulations upon their almost miracu- 
lous escape from capture. The Seventh Tennessee was highly complimented by 
the General commanding For its devotion aud courage during this trying ordeal. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 6±o 



The regiment h ad received orders to rendezvous at Jackson, Tenn., which point 
Gen. Forrest had reached by way of Corinth, Miss., bringing with him such artil- 
lery as could be dragged over the almost impassable roads. October 22, 1804, the 
command moved with Forrest through Pari-, reaching Paris Landing, Ky., near 
old Fort Henry, where, on October 30 and 31, a gun-boat and three transports 
were captured, the steamer J. W. Cheeseman surrendering to Capt. Lawler, of 
Co. C. One of the transports, being badly disabled, was destroyed. The other 
three boats were manned by details, chiefly from the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, 
and utilized as transports. One of these transports was under command of Lieut. 
Isaac N. Stinson, of Co. B. Forrest then, by land and water, proceeded up the 
river to the neighborhood of Johnsonville, tk here the enemy had accumulated and 
were guarding about five million dollars worth of army stores and ammunition 
which awaited transportation to Sherman's army. These were protected by a well- 
garrisoned fort and three remaining gun-bouts of Light caliber, which had taken 
position under protection of the fort. During the night artillery was brought up 
through rain, mud, and darkness, and planted on the river-bank directly opposite 
and under the fort, and at daylight, November 4, the enemy was surprised with 
hot shot and shell. So sudden and vigorous was this unlooked-for attack that the 
crews in the boats and the garrison in the fort were thrown into confusion, and 
answered but feebly. Before 4 o'clock p.m. the gun-boats, transports, and the im- 
mense pile of stores were in flames and the Federals on their way to Nashville. 
In this attack fifteen boats and twenty-one barges were destroyed. 

The command was then moved to Perry ville, thirty miles distant, where it en- 
camped November 6th, and on the 7th the Seventh Tennessee and Logwood's 
regiment effected the crossing of the Tennessee River, swollen as it was. and as 
advance-guard proceeded toward Florence, where Hood's army was found making 
preparations for the advance upon Nashville. 

During the entire northward march of Hood's army the Seventh Tennessee Cav- 
alry led the advance, having frequent skirmishes but no important fights until 
reaching Henryville, south of ZNIt. Pleasant and Columbia. On November 23 the 
Federals were met in force on the Alt. Pleasant pike, at about 3 p.m. Gen. For- 
rest here joined us, and a rapid advance was begun in the face of the enemy. Fight- 
ing constantly, the Federals were steadily forced back until darkness compelled a 
temporary cessation. During the day the regiment lost several men in killed and 
wounded. On the next day (24th) the Federal rear-guard was again overtaken 
near the residence of Gen. Lucius Polk, attacked, and forced back upon his works 
at Columbia. During this sharp tight Lieut. Wm. B. Winston, always conspicu- 
ous for energy and bravery, was dangerously wounded in the forehead. On the 
25th the enemy was fought in his rifle-pits. On November 28th the whole bri- 
gade crossed Duck River at Holland's Ford, seven miles east of Columbia, and 
on the next day, near Hurt's Cross-roads, again encountered the enemy, driving 
him back after some sharp fighting. Continual skirmishing ensued all the way, 
the Northern forces retiring as Hood advanced. 

November 20 the brigade was moved rapidly to Spring Hill, and took part about 
sundown, with the infantry under Cleburne, in the attack on the works at that 
place, being drawn back after dark to bivouac in the immediate vicinity. On the 
30th the brigade Was dispatched West of Spring Hill to the Carters Creek turn- 
pike to guard the Confederate left flank, and that afternoon drove in the Federal 



61£ Military Annals of Tennessee. 



pickets on the extreme left at Franklin, maintaining a hot fight with their outer 
lines until night, whilst the main attack was marie by infantry on the right. 
The deadly conflict at Franklin raged until midnight, when the Federals evacu- 
ated their works and retired to Nashville, Hood's force advancing, with Rucker'i 
brigade, including the Seventh Tennessee Cavalrv, as usual, in the advance. 
Marching on the Hiilsboro and Nashville pike, and reaching the front of Nash- 
ville without further obstruction, the brigade was established on the skirmish line, 
about two miles from the city, being on the 5th posted on the Charlotte pike, and 
holding the river and approaches to Nashville from that quarter, and on the 6th 
having a brisk interchange of shots with the gun-boats. 

From this date for about ten days the regiment was occupied in continuous work 
either on the skirmish line or on picket duty, on the 11th having supported a 
skirmish line of Gen. Hood's composed of infantry and extending seven miles in 
length. On December loth the battle of Nashville began, the left holding its 
own until, the center being pierced, the brigade found itself flanked and nearly 
cut otf by Federals approaching rapidly from the FTarding pike. The Seventh 

Tennessee was now as far in. the rear of the retreating Southerners as its station 
i . 

had placed it before in the front, and narrowly escaped capture, the Federals pour- 
ing in full force ever the hills and hemming the regiment between them and the 
river, whilst a brigade of Federal cavalry was in hot pursuit in the rear. Com- 
pelled to run the gauntlet under a fierce fire along the open pike, the only line 
of retreat left, the regiment was saved by the admirable coolness and intrepidity 
of Lieut.-col. Taylor, its commander. Checking his men, who, eager to escape 
from the withering fire poured upon them from flank and rear, were flying down 
the pike, he formed them by detachments line after line, firing volley after vol- 
ley frequently right into the faces of the closely pressing foe, and thus gaining 
time for the company officers to restore formation to their several commands. 
The veterans of the Seventh Tennessee had been too often in close quarters not 
to know the value of steadiness and discipline, and the flanking fire being once 
passed the regiment regained its firmness, and with face to the enemy fell back 
more slowly, lighting foot by foot, until after dark, when farther pursuit was 
checked by the Confederate artillery, and the weary regiment was enabled to ob- 
tain a short rest in bivouac on the Harding pike. 

During the whole period of the retreat of Hood's army the Seventh Tennessee 
Regiment was in more or less fighting daily, until finally Ruekers brigade, the 
rear-guard of the whole army, with the old Seventh as its own rear-guard, crossed 
the Tennessee River, and this terrible winter retreat was over, the regiment go- 
ing into camp and short furloughs being granted for recruiting and refurnishing 
their scanty outfit. 

About March 1, 1865, the regiment was assigned to Gen. Alex. W. Campbell's 
brigade, Jackson's division, on March 17 being stationed at West Point, Miss. 
March 27 the whole brigade was put in motion for Selina, Ala., in the endeavor 
to forestall a large force of cavalry, artillery, and mounted infantry under Gen. 
"Wilson, which, massing on the Tennessee River, had commenced to march into 
Alabama. On the 28th the command reached Columbus, Miss.; on the 29th Piek- 
ensville, Ala.; on the 30th Tuscaloosa; and on the 31st encountered La Grange's 
brigade eighteen miles from Tuscaloosa, with whom it had a slight skirmish, at- 
tacking him again April 1 north of the Tuscaloosa and Holtsville road, companies 







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A and B being among these engaged. The Federals were driven back fifteen 
miles up the mountain road. The command then moving toward ScottSviHe by a 

neighborhood road, about dark encountered Croxton's division of Federals ei'-dit 
miles north of Scottsville, when considerable skirmishing ensued until after night- 
fall. At day-break next morning the command pushed rapidly on, overtaking 
Croxton at the junction of the Scottsville and Tuscaloosa roads. A sharp run- 
ning fight immediately commenced, and the Federals were rapidly driven through 
Scottsville to Centreville, where the enemy crossed the Cahaba, and succeeded, bv 
burning the bridge behind them, in arresting farther pursuit. A few shells from 
the enemy's artillery, thrown from safe quarters across the river, formed the finish 
of the fighting career of the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, these being the last shots 
received by it from the Federal forces. 

These skirmishes were all with flanking or raiding parties from the main bodv 
of Wilson's army, which meanwhile moved steadily forward and captured Selraa; 
and the regiment, making a few unimportant marches, finally settled into camp 
at Sumterville, Ala., where Col. Duckworth, who had been under orders at Mo- 
bile, rejoined his command. 

The war was now practically over. Gen. R. E. Lee had already surrendered 
Virginia, and Gen. Taylor had yielded the department of Mississippi and Ala- 
bama. There was nothing more to be done, and on May 12, 1SG5, the regiment 
having been moved to Gainesville, Ala., all the rank and file present, with equi- 
page, were formally surrendered. With the regiment, however, was not permitted 
to be yielded its old battle-flag, presented to it by a lady of Aberdeen, who had 
made it from her satin wedding-dress. Torn and pierced by many a bullet, sur- 
rounded by the memories of the many brave ensigns who had fallen in its pro- 
tection, the old flag still proudly waved for the last time on the eve of surrender 
in front of regimental head-quarters, and before the next day had dawned it had 
been divided into shreds by those who had fought so often around it, to be by thexi 
preserved in memory of a cause which they had sustained with their best ener- 
gies. 

Thus closes a mere outline of the military history of one of the most gallant 
regiments of the Confederacy, composed of the best blood of West Tennessee. 
Enlisting from principle at the very beginning of the war, and each man equip- 
ping himself, the regiment stood by its colors during four years of hardship, dan- 
ger, and death; and the Confederate States of America overpowered at last and 
its armies disbanded, the men of the Seventh Regiment of Tennessee Cavalry re- 
turned quietly to their shattered homes to repair the desolation of these sad years 
of neglect and fratricidal strife. 



Partial List of Killed and Wounded. 
After an interval of twenty-two years, and in the absence of written data, it is 
found to be impracticable to give a list of the members of the Seventh Tennessee 
killed or wounded during the war. We give below all names that are remem- 
bered by those surviving comrades who are accessible. 

Regimental Officers. 
Taylor, Lieut.-col. W. F., w. near FayettevilLe, i Somerville, Adjt. J. W., promoted and placed 
Term., Sept., 1804. r n Gen. Jackson's staff, k. in Georgia. 



648 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Duckworth, Maj. W. L., w. at Britton's Lane, | Wicks, Adjt. Jo., k. at Oxford, Miss., Dec, 1863. 



Tenn., Sept. 1, 1862. 



Pope, A ■ 1 j c. Wm. S., k. at Tishomingo Creek 



Clay, Maj. C. C, w. near Prairie Mound, Miss., Miss., June lo, 1804. 

while in command of the regiment, Feb,. 21, i Huhn, Adjt. John D, w. at Brice's Cross-roads, 

1864. j June 10, 1804. 

Company A. 
Watkins, Lieut. H. W., k. at Richland Creek, i Cayce, K. C, w. at Coldwater, Miss., Sept. 9, 

Tenn., Dec. 24, 1SG4. i 1864. 

Lane, A. C, w. in battle, 1864. I 

Company B. 
Black, Lieut. R. J., v, at Union City, Tenn. [ Hilliard, Tom, k. at Brice's Cross-roads, Miss., 
Elkin, Lieut. A. L., w. at Prairie Mound, Mis?. | June 10, 1864. 
SomerviUe, J. \V., promoted to be Adjutant of j Mason, Nat., k. at Brice's Cross-roads, Miss., 

Gen. Jackson's division, and k. in Georgia I June 10, 1804. 

or Alabama. SomerviUe, James, k. at Brice's Cross-roads, 

Dillahunty, James, k. at Britton's Lane, Tenn.. June 10, 18G4. 

Sept. 1, 1862. J Claiborne, Charles, promoted to be Sergeant- 

Harper, Jack, k. in 1S62. major of the regiment, and k. at Harrisburg, 

Cttlbreath, J. M., k. at Brice's Cross-roads, I Miss., July 11, 1864. 

Miss., June 10, 1SG4. [Banks, Wm., k. near Nashville, Tenn., Nov., 

Elkin, Thomas R., k. at Brice's Cross-roads, j 1864. 

Miss., June 10, 1864. | Benson, Georee, d. in service. 

Harper, R. A., k. at Brice's Cross-roads, Miss., j Westmoreland, P., d. in service. 

June 10, 1864. J 

Company C. 
Bassett, Capt. S. P., mortally w. at Medon, [ Gaylor, Ed., w. near Belmont, Mo.. Nov. 7, 1861. 

Tenn., Aug. 31, 1802. I Carter, Ed., k. at Medon, Term.. Aug. 31, 1862. 

Albrecht, Lieut. John, k. at Medon, Tenn., Aug. Thompson, O. M., k. near Hernando, Miss., 

31, 1861 j 1S62. 

Lawler, Lieut. John T., promoted to be Cap- j Hoag, Wm., \v. at Corinth, Miss., Oct., 1SG2. 

tain, w. at Medon, Tenn., Au^. 31, 1862; i Hicks, Alfred, w. at Matthews's Ferry, Miss., 

again vr. at Britton's Lane, Tenn., Sept. 1, j Sept., 1863. 

1862; again w. dangerously j Q four places | Dickey, John, k. at Colliersville, Tenn., Oct. 11, 

while leading the regiment on breastworks; 1863. 

at Colliersville, Tenn., Oct. 11, 1862. Later ; Hiekey, William, k. at Colliersville, Tenn., Oct. 

he fell into the enemy's hands while thus w. J 11, 180:). 
Winston, Lieut. W. B., promoted from Ser- ! Champion, John T., k. at Harrisburg, Miss., 

geant for gallantry, dangerously w. in the ; July 14, 1SC4. 

forehead, near Columbia, Tenn., Nov. 25, I Hyatt, John, k. at Harrisburg, Miss., July 14, 

1862. j 1S64. 

Colby, Lieut. John, w. at Harrisburg, Miss., Stephens, R., k. at Harrisburg, Miss., July 14, 

July 14. 1804. j 1864. 

Huhn, First Sergt. John D., dangerously w. in j Gwyu, Wm., k. near Ripley, Miss., Feb.. 18M. 

head and arm June 10, 1864, and promoted Hennessey. Wm., k. near Nashville, Tenn., 

to be Adjutant for gallantry. ^o\\, 1S64. 

Gallagher, John, k. near Paducah, Ky., Oct., Murray. James, w. at Brice's Cross-roads, 

1861. Miss., June 10, 1864. 
Grogan, John, w. near Columbus, Ky., Oct., Murrough, , d. in service, at Ripley, Tenn, 

1861. I 1862. 

Holt, Ben, w. near Columbus, Ky., Oct., 1861. I McFadden, , d. in service, at Panola, Miss, 

llolloway, John, w. near Columbus, Ky, Oct, ! 1863. 



1861. 



Winston. Arthur, d. in service. 



Company D. 
Livingston, L;eut. H J., w. at Columbia, Tenn, ! Robinson, Rom., k. near Fort Pembertou, 

Nov. 2.:, 186*. Miss., March, 186:}. 

Read, Lieut. J. H, w. at Medon, Tenn., Aug. ', Holloway, John C, d. in prison, 1803. 

31, 1862. | Evans, .1. T.. w. at Price* Cross-roads. Miss, 

Grove, E. S, k. at Medon, Tenn., Aug. 31, 1802. ; June 10, 1864. 



'.Regimental Histokies and Memolial Rolls. 



649 



Johnson, Lieut. A. A., w. at Spring Hill, Tenn., I Grizzard, W. H. L., k. at Harris burg, Ills*., 

Nov., 1864. I July 14, i$64. 

Tucker, Wm., w. at Medon, Tenn., Aug. 31, | Owen, Ed., k. at Harnsburg, Miss., July 14, 



1862. 
Saunders, J. W., w. at Medon, Tenn., Aug. 31, 

1862. 
Leg<rett, N., W. at Medon, Tenn., Aug. 31, 1862. 
Anthony, W. L., w. at Medon, Tenn., Aug. 31, 

1862. ! Tharpe, J., w. at Harrisburg, Miss., Juiy 14, 

Claiborne, T. B., k. at Old Lamar, Miss., Nov. I 1804. 

8, 18*33. Jarrett, Henry, k. near Okalona, Miss., Feb. 

MeGee, W. C,, k. at Colliersville, Tenn., Oct. 11, j 22, 1SG4. 



1804. 
Elwood, J. L., k. at Harrisburg, Miss., July 14, 

18(54. 
Moore, John, w. at Harrisburg, Mis?., July 14, 

1804. 



1803. 
Archer, P. C.,W. at Colliersville, Tenn., Oct. 11. 

1S63. 
Northcross, Thojnas, k. at Yockony Bridge, 

Miss., 1803. 
George, W. C, d. in service, 1S63. 

Company E. 
Tate, Capt. W. J., k. while gallantly leading ] Sullivan, Tim, drowned while on the march. 



Estes, T. H., w. at Spring Hill, Tenn., Nov., 

1861. 
Freeman, J. II., vv. at Franklin, Tenn., Nov., 

1864. 
Shaw, Sol., k. near Eaton, Tenn., 1862. 



his company in a charge at Tishomingo 
Creek. Miss., June 11, 1864. 
Statler. Lieut. J. P., k. at Harrisburg, M 
July 14, 1864. 



Norment, E. L., k. at Jackson, Tenn., March, 

1804. 
Butcher, T. J., k. at Brice's Cross-roads, Mis*.. 
| June 10, 1SC4. 



Kuffiu, Lieut. V. F., k. at Athens, Ala., 1864. Hardy, W., k. at Brice's Cross-roads, Miss., 
Weaver, Lieut. Fisk, d. in service at Abbeville, | June 10. 1804. 



Pipkin, Pock, k. at Brice's Cross-roads, Mi??- 
June 10, 1804. 



Miss, 
Perkins, A. H. D., Color-bearer, w. at Collier? 

ville, Tenn., Oct. 11, 1861; w. again at Brice's j Neeley, Charles, k. at Brice's Cross-roads, 

Cross-roads, Miss., June 10, 1861; at Frank- j Miss., June lu, 1864. 

lin, Tenn., Nov., 1864; and also neap Okolo- , Moore, James, k. in battle. 

na, Miss. i Davis, M., k. on a scout. 

Bradford, J., k. at Britton's Lane, Tenn., Sept. I Foster, John, d. in service. 

1, 18.61. | Hardige, M.. k. in battle. 

Windel, Willie, k. at Button's Lane, Tenn., j Marr, James, k. in battle. 

Sept. 1, 1864. j Durretr. Robert, k. at Harrisburg, Hiss., July 

Alien, Dr. Jo., k. at Britton's Lane, Tenn., Sept. | 14, 1S64. 

1, 18G+. | Field, J. V., k. at Harrisburg, Miss., July 11, 

Cross, N. B., w. at Britton's Lane, Tenn., Sept. j 1864. 

1, 1864. | Gibson, Sam, k. at Harrisburg, Miss., July 14, 

Hnrdige, Morris, w. at Eritton's Lane, Tenn., j 1861. 

Sept. 1, 1864. - JMoEvinney, D., k. at Harrisburg, Miss., July 

Carraway, J. E., w. at Britton's Lane, Tenn., j 14,1864. 

Sept. 1, 1864. | McKinney, Win., k. at Harrisburg, Miss., July 

Durretr, Ed., w. at Britton's Lane, Tenn., Sept. j 14, 1864. 

1, 1801. ! Wood, W.,k. at Harrisburg, Miss., July 14, 

Fortune, J., w. at Britton's Lane, Tenn., Sept.; 1864. 

1, 1864. I 

Company F. 
Robertson, Lieut. W. W., k. June 10, 1864, at i Key, John, k. in battle. 

Brice's Cross-roads, Miss. ! Triable, F., k. in battle. 

Everett, Sergt. John, k. Nov. 25, 1861, near Co- ' Ricks, Ed., w. at Humboldt, Tenn. 

lum'tia, Tenn. ! Howard, Chas., w. in battle. 

P^ar-on, T.J. , w.June 10, 1864, at Brice's Cross- j Wright, W., d. in prison. 

roads, Miss. i Welsh, W., d. in camp. 

Company G. 
Aden, Capt. F. F., w. June 10, 1804, at Brice's! company in a charge on the enemy's lines, 
Crossroads, whilst gallantly leading hisj having his horse also disabled. 






650 



Mi lit ah y Annals of Tennessee. 



Diggs, Lieut. Ben, mortally wounded at Pa- I Boy 
Tis's Mills, Miss., 1862. 



d, Jos., \v. at Fort Heiman, Tenn., 186: 



Williams, Lieut. J., w. Sept.l, 1864, at Britton's 
Lane, Tenn., and captured Nov. 10, 1862, and 
d. iu prison. 

Dent, S., k. Sept. 1, 1SG2, at Britton's Lane. 

Farmer, J. B., w. Sept. 1, 1862, at Britton's Lane. 

Stewart, J. IL, w. at Denmark, Tenn. 

Taylor, J. C, d. in prison. 

Higgs, Jas., d, in service. 

Ross, Alex., d. in hospital. 



Company H. 

Nowlan, J. A., w. June 10, 1864, at Brice's Cross- 
roads. 

Travis. T. W., w. June 10, 1864, at Brice's Cross- 
roads. 

Winston, S. A., w. June 10, 1804, at Brice's Cross- 
roads. 

Eserage, J. R., k. July 14, 1864, at Harrisbnrs. 

Bondurant, J. J. C, w. July 14. 1»64, at Harris- 
burg. 



Adams, Wm., k. June 10, 1864, at Brice's Cross 



Cravens, J. J., w. July 14, 1804, at HaTrisbui 



•Hazelwood, J., w. July 14, 1861, at Harris! _:_-. 
Julian, J. N., w. July 4, 1864, at Harrisburg. 

Thompson, J. T., w. July 14, 1864, at Harr.s- 



roads. 

Cravens, J., w. June 10, 1804, at Brice's Cross- 
roads. 

Stewart, J. H., m. w. June 10, 1864, at Bribe's j burg. 
Cross-roads. Meek, Wm., k. near Oxford, Miss., 1804. 

Johnston, M. H., w. June 10, 1864, at Brice's , Palmer, John, k. near Oxford, Miss., 1804.* 
Cross-roads. ) Kingston, E. W., d. in service, Dec. 28, 1^54 



Company I. 



Mai one, Lieut. W. P., w. in 1802, at Hernando, 

Miss. 
Smith, Peyton J., w. in 1862, at Hernando, Miss. 
Wray, Joe, w. Sept. 1, 1862, at Britton's Lane, 

Tenn. 
Ditlahunty, Jas., k. Sepr. 1, 1SG2, at Britton's 

Lane, Tenn. 



Owen, H., d. in service. 

Smith, W. A., w. June 10, 180-4, at Brice's Cross- 
roads. 

Cage, Wm., k. June 10, 1804. at Brice's Cross- 
roads. 

Spencer, S., k. June 10, 1SG4, at Brice's Cross- 
roads. 



Dod^on, Tom, w. Sept. 1, 1S62, at Britton's i Atkins, Dick, d. in prison. 



Lane. Tenn. 

Petty, N, w. April 6, 1SG2, at Shiloh, Tenn. 

Shankle, Jasper, k. in 1802, al La Fayette Sta- 
tion, Tenn. 

L T pchurch, Jas., d. in 1862. at Fort Pillow, Tenn. 

W r ilson, J. D., w. in 1863, at Oxford, Miss. 

Armour, Cap., k. Oct. 11, 1863, at Colliersville. 

Walk, A. W., w. Oct. llf 1S63, at Colliersville. 

Grant, G. W., d. in service. 

Smith, W. D., w. Feb., 1864, at Prairie Mound, 
Miss. 



Jones, H. W. B., d. in service. 

Brown, Jos., k. July 14, 1SG4, at Harribburr, 
Miss. 

Clark, Josh D., k. July 14, 1804, at Harrisburz. 
Miss. 

Douglass, John E-, k. July 14, 1864, at Harris- 
burg, Miss. 

Owen, Newton, k. July 14, 1864, at Harrisi ;r_r. 
Miss. 

Colton, Sergt. H. P., w. July 14. 1804, at Harr:s- 
bur£, Miss. 



Mumford, E. H., d. Feb. 22, 1864, at Okolona ; | Lippman. Alex., w. July 14, 1864, at Harris- 
Miss. • j burg, Miss. 

Max, Daniel, k. Feb. 22, 1864, near Okolonn, [ Somerville, John, w. July 14, 1864, at Karr:s- 
Miss. j burg, Miss. 

Riley, J. G., w. in 1864, near Sulphur Trestle, Guthrie, Wm., w. in service. 
Ala. j Norment, Ellis, d. in camp. 

Company L. 



Duckworth, Cnpt. Alex., severely wounded at 
Colliersville. Tenn.. Oct. 11, 186:;, whilst lead- 
ing the regiment in a charge on breast- works, 
Capt. Lawicr, who was in command, having 
been shot down. 



Barnes, Wm., k. July 14, 1864, at Harrishurg. 

Miss. 
Hooper, Jas., w. Aug. 31, 18G2. at Medon. Tenn. 
Robertson, J. H., w. Sept. 1, 1862, at Britton's 

Lane. 



Grove, Orderly Sergt. R. D., w. July 14, 1804, at Hotchkiss, S. B., w. April 6, 1SG2, at Shiioh 



HarrisburL'. Miss. 



Tenn. 



Shepherd, Color Sergt. Egbert, w. at Harris- ] Leod, D. M., d. from wounds received in serv- 

burg whilst gallantly bearing regimeutal col- J ice. 

ors. I Sherill, John H., d. in Alton prison. 

Nelson, T. E., k. July 14, 18G4, at Harrisburg, j Mebane, Robert, w. Oct. 11, 1863, at Coliiersvrde, 

Miss. Tenn. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Holes. 6ol 



Solomon, Henry, w. at Hernando, Mi.=s., in I Tadlock, Wm., d. in service. 
1SG3; at Briee's Cross-roads, June 10, loGl; j Thomas, Albert, d. in service. 



Smith, J. H.. w. June 10, I8b4, at Brice'8 Cross- 
roads, Miss. 
Fox, Henry, w. July 14, 1SG4, at Harrisburg, 

MlS3. 



and at Harrisburg, Mis.-*., July 14, 18U4. 
button, Ben, d. in service. 
Willis; Henry, k. Feb. 22, 1864, at Prairie 

Mound, 3Iis.s. 
Freeman, W. A., k. Feb. 22, 1864, at Prairie 

Mound, Miss. 

Company M. 
Green, Milton, k. Sept. 1, 1802. at Britton's f Raynor, Wm., k. June 10, 1864, at Brk-e's Cross 



roads. 

Greaves, J. E>., w. July 14, 1SG4, at Harris- 
burg, Miss. 

Carrigan, Jimmie, \v. July 14, 1SG4, at Harris- 
burg, Miss. 

Gause, $.• P., w. July 14, 1SG4, at Harrisburg, 
Miss. 

Oldham, Sydney, w. July 14, 1864, at Harris- 
burg, Miss. 

Braden, Reuben, k. July 14, 1S64, at Harris- 
burg, Miss. 



Lane, Tenn. 

Hunter, Henry, k. Sept. 1, 1862, at Brittotfs 
Lane, Tenn. 

Hastings. Wm., w. and d. in prison. 

Neighbors, La Fayette, d. in prison. 

Young, G. \Y., vr. Nov. 2-3, is-'.l, at Columbia, 
Tenn. 

Shaw. Archer, vr. Nov., 1864, at Nashville. 

Harris, Jas., \v. June 10, lSrJ4, at Price's Cross- 
roads. 

Rice, Thos. S., k. June 10, 1804, at Price's Cross- 
■ roads. 

Official.] 

COMPANY C. 
Coulton, W., d. Jan. 7, 1854, near Irby Mills. 

COMPANY D. 

Shirley, B., d. Dee. 27, 1861. 

COMPANY E. 

Pepkin, Samuel, d. near Aberdeen, April 5, 1864. 

COMPANY F. 

Weldon, Geo. G-, d. near Brownsville, Tenn., April 25, 1SC4. 

COMPANY G. 

Coleman, T. T., k. at Okolona, Miss., Feb. 22, j Daniel, William, d. at Irby Mills, Miss., Jan. 7, 



1864. 



1SG4. 



EIGHTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

By G. G. Dibrell, Sparta, Tenn. 



This regiment was organized at Yankeetown, in White county, Tenn., by au- 
thority of the Secretary of War, C. S. A., as partisan rangers, on the 4th day of 
September, 1862, by the election of George G. Dibrell as Colonel and Ferdinand 
IT. Dougherty as Lieutenant-colonel. The Major was not then elected. 

Soon after the organization as above, the regiment, composed of twelve compa- 
nies—nine hum'red and twenty men — was mustered into the Confederate service 
as independent partisan rangers by Col. E. W. Kucker, C. S. A., who was sent 
from Knoxville for that purpose by Maj.-gen. Samuel Jones, commanding the 
department of East Tennessee. The muster was near Sparta. On the 3th of Oc- 
tober, 1S62, the regiment marched from Sparta to MurtYeesboro, and reported to 
Gen. K. B. Forrest, who Lia<l assumed command at that place; and by an arrange- 



652 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 






ment made with Gen. Forrest the twelve companies were consolidated into ten, 
and the regiment re-mustered into the C. S. A. as regular cavalry and assigned to 
the brigade of Gen. Forrest, and Jeffrey E. Forrest appointed Major of the regi- 
ment, and the regiment took its position in front of the enemy, then in Nashville. 
The last muster was by Col. Charles Carroll, then of Gen. Forrest's staff. 

The first military service of the regiment was picketing and scouting around 
Nashville. They crossed the Cumberland River above Nashville, and camped 
in Neely's Bend, where they had the first engagement with a large force of in- 
fantry and cavalry that was sent out on a foraging expedition from Nashville. 
When it readied Murfreesboro the regiment was only partly armed with shot- 
guns, rifles, and such arms as the soldiers could gather in the country, and at Mur- 
freesboro drew four hundred flint-lock muskets and six hundred sabers, with a 
small quantity of ammunition — buckshot and ball — and this was the only issue 
of arms ever made to this regiment by the Confederate Government. 

In the engagement in Neely's Bend the loss was one man killed — Goolsby, of 
Co. F — and six or eight captured. The regiment, never having been drilled a 
day, and poorly armed and equipped, stood the fire well, fell back to the river at 
an almost impassable cow-ford, and crossed, placing Co. II, Capt. J. M. Barnes, at 
the river to protect the crossing, whilst Capts. McGinnis and Leftwich's compa- 
nies, also Capt. Windle's company, skirmished with the enemy back to the river. 
We retired to the Lebanon pike, gathered our scattered forces together, and the 
next day recrossed the river, drove in the pickets at Edgefield, camped in Bell's 
Bend, below Nashville, and moved around to the Murfreesboro pike without any 
serious trouble. Was ordered by Gen. Forrest from La Vergne across to Nolens- 
ville pike. Moved at night, and went into camp on the 22d of October without 
a tent or any cooking-vessels, and woke up the next morning to find a four-inch 
snow on our blankets. Scouted and picketed from our camp in Rains's woodland 
up to and around Nashville; had several skirmishes with foraging parties. Were 
with Gen. Forrest in the engagement with Gen. Negley's forces on the Franklin 
pike on the 4th of November, 1862; and there the regiment made its firs: cav- 
alry charge upon the rear of Negley's forces, capturing fifteen prisoners and kill- 
ing several. Our loss was eleven wounded and several horses killed or disabled. 
This charge, made by cavalry armed in part with flint-lock muskets, and that 
had never been drilled a day, was a very hazardous undertaking and awkwardly 
done, but it showed that the soldiers comprising the regiment were made of the 
true grit, and that all they needed to make them first-class cavalry were discipline 
and experience, which they afterward had. 

In December, 1SG2, this regiment, with Gen. Forrest's command, moved aero-- 
the Tennessee River in some old wood-boats at Clifton, Tenn., and formed a part 
of his command in his West Tennessee expedition. The Colonel of the regiment 
was temporarily in command of a brigade. Lieut.-col. Dougherty and Capt. J. 
M. Barnes, of Co. H, with the dismounted men, were left in charge of the boats 
and to protect them so that we could recross. The regiment was in command of 
Maj. Forrest most of the time during this expedition. 

Near Lexington, Tenn., the Fourth Alabama, being in advance, met and routed 
Col. Hawkins's U. S. cavalry, when the Eighth Tennessee was ordered to the 
front, with instructions to pursue the fleeing enemy into Jackson. We crossed 
Beach River, and moved in a double-quick all day in pursuit of the enemy to 



Regimental IIistokies and Memorial Rolls. C53 



the city of Jackson, where they took shelter behind their infantry. Gen. Forrest, 
coming up about 10 o'clock at night, ordered the Eighth Tennessee to move around 

Jackson to Carroll Station, about seven miles out on the Mobile and Ohio railroad, 
and destroy the railroad and prevent any rcvnlorecmonts coming into Jaekson 
from Trenton and other places. It was a very cold December night, very dark. 
Being in a strange country, it was difficult to get guides. The trains containing 
reinforcements passed up before we reached the road — just before daylight — but 
we heard an empty train leaving Jackson, and hurriedly dismounted the regiment 
opposite Canoll Station, where there was a strong stockade with a garrison of U. 
S. soldiers We did not reach the road in time to tear it up or to place obstruc- 
tions upon it so as to destroy the train; but supposing the train contained soldiers, 
we fired a volley into it as it went riving 'by us, and immediately reloaded, de- 
ployed skirmishers, and charged the stockade, when, without firing a gun, they 
hoisted the white flag and surrendered. The regiment was divided — live compa- 
nies under Col. Dibrell and five under Major Forrest — and they charged from dif- 
ferent points, and made such a noise with the volley fired at the Hying train and 
the yells in the charge that the enemy thought they were surrounded by the whole 
Confederate army. The writer of this directed the Captain in charge to order his 
men to stack their arms and march out of the stockade, which was promptly 
obeyed, when our men went in and got all of the Enrields, stacked their flint- 
locks, and burned the stockade and a large quantity of army supplies that we 
could not carry away. Then we tore up the railroad track, and moved back to 
Gen. Forrest with one hundred and one prisoners and a large quantity of stores 
and arms captured, without the loss of a man. From this time forward this 
regiment's gallantry was never questioned by that great cavalry leader, Gen. 
Forrest. 

The Eighth Tennessee was ordered to destroy the bridge and stockade across 
Forked Deer Elver. They moved to the place, supported by Capt. John W. Mor- 
ton with one section of artillery, but owing to the swampy condition of the coun- 
try covering the approaches to the stockade and bridge, the artillery could not be 
used successfully. The cavalry, however, had made their way up to and around 
the stockade in such a manner as to have secured its destruction but for a large 
infantry reinforcement sent out on the cars from Jackson, when we retired, los- 
ing several killed and wounded, moving on through Humboldt, where we were 
again fired upon by the infantry sent out from Jackson without loss. Tiie next 
skirmish was at Rutherford Station — several prisoners captured. 

After having captured Trenton, and there drawn a large quantity of clothing, 
arms, and army supplies, we moved via Dresden, McKenzie, etc., to Parkers 
Cross-roads, where we met a large infantry force under command of Gen. Sulli- 
van and Col. Dunham — two brigades. This was the 31st of December, 1862. The 
advance reported a large force in our front. We were moved up rapidly, and 
formed line of battle about a mile south of Parker's Cross-roads, when at a few- 
shots from Capt. Freeman's battery the enemy retired to a point east of the cross- 
roads. The Eighth Tennessee was ordered to pursue rapidly, and, coming to the 
cross-roads, was ordered to occupy a hill in a large cotton-field to the east or 
north-east of the cross-roads. We advanced through mud in a double-quick, 
and reaching the summit of the hill found the enemy moving their artillery by 
hand up the other side of the hill, when we opened tire upon them and drove 



G5± Military Annals of Tennessee. 



them back out of the open field, leaving their guns behind them; and then the 
battle opened in earnest. The ground was very soft after a hard freeze the night 
before. Capt. Freeman sent, a twelve-pound howitzer, commanded by Lieut. Ed. 
Douglass and manned by Sergt. Nat. Baxter, jr.. to our support. We had no ; i - 
tection except the crest of the hill. The enemy was in very large force in the 
timber east of the field, and had the timber and fence for protection, and they had 
six pieces of artillery. They made three or four efforts to charge and drive us 
from the hill; but our boys, seeing the importance of holding the ground, rallied 
like true veteran soldiers, and repulsed their efforts to do so. Whilst the Eighth 
was thus gallantly contending against such large odds, Nat. Baxter, jr.. was pour- 
ing hot shot, grape, and canister into the enemy's ranks at short range, doing them 
■ immense damage. Finally, when we were getting short of ammunition, Capt. 
Morton came to our aid on our left, and opened with telling effect with one of 
his captured steel guns; Cols. Napier and Cox came with their battalions to our 
aid on the right; and Gen. Forrest, with the remainder of his command, moved to 
the rear of the enemy and opened tire upon them, when they fled precipitately 
from our front. We advanced upon them, had charge of the battle-ground, were 
in possession of all their dead, wounded, two hundred prisoners; and six pieces of 
artillery, and were parleying about a surrender, when Gen. Sullivan, who had 
been on the Huntingdon road, was allowed to come upon our rear, and was firing 
upon us before we were aware of his presence. This caused a stampede with the 
horse-holders, and the enemy we had whipped and driven from the battle-field. 
and who were parleying about a surrender and begging for time to care for their 
dead and wounded, hearing the firing in our rear, knew it was their reenfree- 
ments. They then rallied and engaged us again, and we had to retire through an 
open field between the fire of two infantry brigades. The Eighth Tennessee, be- 
ing thus engaged, lost more heavily than any other. Our loss in killed, wounded, 
and captured was one hundred and forty-shx men and about one hundred horses* 
This was a heavv blow to the regiment. It had been so successful prior to that 
time that this loss was severely felt, and they were never satisfied about the ene- 
my being allowed to come up in their rear unmolested until they were completely 
surrounded. The wonder is that the whole regiment was not captured. The 
Eiarhth was then re-formed, although out of ammunition, and marched across 
Beach River that night, bringing up the rear and protecting the artillery. 

The enemy were so badly punished that they did not follow tis for >everal days. 
We camped the night after the battle east of Beach River, anil the next day 
moved on to the Tennessee River. Near Bath Springs our advance met Col. 
Breckinridge's regiment of United States cavalry, and were 4urmi>hing with them 
when the Eighth came up and immediately charged and put them to flight, thus 
opening our way back to the Tennessee River, where we found Col. Dougherty 
and Capt. Barnes. Their'dismounted men had safely kept our old wood-boats, in 
which we reerossed, and rested for two or three days before the enemy appeared 
on the south side of the river. They made no effort to reach the river, and after 
a few shots from our artillery, they retired. 

This was a very laborious and hazardous expedition, composed almost exclu- 
sively of raw cavalry. Freeman's battery had experience, and a better artillery 
company did not belong to the Confederate service. The total capture of prison 
ers during the expedition wa^ about three thousand, with a large amount of army 



BeGIMENTAL HlStbBIES AND MEMORIAL BOLLS. C55 



supplies, arms, ammunition, clothing and medical stores. The Eighth Tennessee 
started on the expedition badly armed and equipped; and although they lost more 
men than any other regiment, they came out with excellent arms and equipments 
and great confidence in themselves, and were proud of their success. After rest- 
ing) a dav or two at Clifton, we moved back leisurely via Mount Pleasant and Co- 
lumbia to Franklin and Spring Hill. 

In January, ISO'S, the Eighth accompanied Gens. Forrest and Wheeler down the 
Cumberland River when the gun-boats were captured and destroyed at Ilarpeth 
Shoals. They went on down near Clarksville with Gen. Forrest, and suffered 
severely from the extreme cold, but lost no men. Coming back, they served a 
week or ten days under Gen. Pillow, who was on conscript duty at Columbia. 

About the first of March, ISM, Col. Bardin's United States cavalry moved from 
Corinth, Miss., up the Memphis and Charleston' railroad, burning and destroying 
every thing in his way. Gen. Van Dorn having recently crossed at Florence, 
Ala., and joined Gen. Forrest at Spring Hill, leaving no troops in the vicinity of 
Florence to protect the factories in that locality, the Eighth Tennessee was sent 
to that point to meet any force Of United States troops that might make a raid 
there; and to picket down the Tennessee Paver, and report directly to Gen. Bragg 
at Tullahoma. We moved through rain and mud, and reached Florence after 
Bardin had fallen back on Corinth; but we moved up the Tennessee to Lamb's 
Ferry, secured a steamer from Decatur, crossed the river, which was much swollen 
and out of its banks; marched, via Courtland and Tuscumbia, to Bear Creek; and 
then recrossed and took position at Florence, where we remained about six weeks, 
among as kind and hospitable a people as ever lived. 

During our stay at Florence two of the enemy's wooden gun-boats came up the 
river, when we moved down to meet them, dividing the regiment — part at the 
bridge, and part went into the river opposite Tuscumbia, landing with one piece 
of Capt. Morton's artillery at each place. When we ran the artillery in below 
the boats and opened fire on them they beat a hasty retreat down the river, and did 
not return again. 

While we were at Florence the noble people of that hospitable town provided 
a hospital for our sick, of whom we had quite a number, and cared for them in 
the best of style. There were, I believe, some nine or teu deaths while there. 
When the regiment was ordered away to rejoin the army, a public meeting Mas 
called at Florence, at which ex-Governor Patton presided, and resolutions were 
adopted complimenting the officers and soldiers of the Eighth Cavalry for their 
gentlemanly deportment, good discipline, and gallantry, while in their midst, and 
expressing regrets at their departure. Speeches were made by Dr. Ft. A. Young 
and others present. 

From Florence we moved back to Spring Hill, were engaged in a cavalry fight 
at Franklin, and made several captures in the town. While picketing on Carters 
Creek, below Franklin, we learned that the enemy had made nightly raids on the 
command which we relieved. Capts. I. W. McReynolds and Swearingen and 
their companies were sent out on picket, and in the day placed their men. across 
Carters Creek and in view of the enemy's line. At night, however, they quietly 
recrossed the creek to a hill in a cedar rough, and took up the floor of the bridge. 
Very late at sight the enemy stealthily crossed the creek above and came into 
the road between our pickets: and the bridge, when our men opened fire upon 



650 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



them. They stampeded through the bridge, leaving much skin, hair, and blood 
from the wounded. They did not attempt another surprise at that place. 

Soon after this Col. Streight, with a picked brigade of mounted infantry, start- 
ed via the Tennessee River and Corinth to reach and burn Rome, Ga. Geo. 
Dodge, commanding the United States forces at Corinth, went with him up the 
Memphis and Charleston railroad to a point above Courtland, Ala., to keep the 
Confederate forces engaged, so that none could be spared to pursue Streight. Gen. 
Forrest was ordered from Spring Hill, Tenn., to pursue and capture Streight and 
iiis command. Moving rapidly to the Tennessee River at Brown's Ferry, lie- 
crossed the river at about 12 o'clock at night. Gen. Forrest ordered Col. Dibrell, 
with the Eighth Tennessee, and Maj. Forrest with the Tenth Tennessee, cavalry, 
and one section of Capt. fluggins's battery, to move immediately and rapidly 
down the Tennessee on the north side to Florence, and to make such demon- 
stration to cross and move on Corinth, the base of Gen. Dodge's supplies, as 
would induce him, with his large infantry force, to return to Corinth, and si^e 
Gen. Forrest, with the rest of his force, a chance to enter the chase after Streight 
and his command. The two regiments moved rapidly to Florence, arriving there 
about three o'clock p.m. Upon entering the town the writer was met by a former 
merchant of Tuscumbia (Mr. Warren), who had just crossed over from that town 
in a skiff without the knowledge of the small garrison left at Tuscumbia. who 
inquired as to our strength and intention. He was informed that this was the ad- 
vance of Gen. Van Dorn's cavalry, and that our destination was Corinth, in order 
to destroy Gen. Dodge's supplies in his alienee. Mr. Warren was urged to recross 
the river immediately and bear this intelligence to the officers in command at Tus- 
cumbia. Details from the two regiments were put to work at Bainbridge, Florence, 
and Garners Ferry, as if to raise the sunken boats at each of these crossings. 
Huggins's artillery was brought upon the hill, and kept up a cannonade across the 
river into South Florence, occasionally throwing a shell where there was no dan- 
ger, and then firing blank charges. The citizens of the place were greatly 
alarmed. They hung out table-cloths, white sheets, etc., and yelled across to us 
that there were no Federals there; but we continued the firing until night, and kept 
the details at the ferries at work making as much noise as possible ail night. 
Early next morning we were notified that our demonstration was a perfect suc- 
cess — that the advance of Gen. Dodge's army was rapidly passing Tuscumbia, and 
pressing on hard to beat us to Corinth, while we were resting and watching the 
destruction by fire of many buildings by Dodge's army. We saw the flames plain- 
ly that were destroying La Grange College and many other buildings in the line 
of their march. Gen. Dodge, with his large infantry force, having been thus 
drawn back from the direction of Decatur, Gen. Forrest was enabled to pursue 
and capture Streight and his marauders. Telegraphing Gen. Bragg the resui: of 
our demonstration at Florence, he telegraphed back and ordered the Eighth Ten- 
nessee to leave a small force north of the Tennessee to guard and picket the river, 
and for the remainder to move rapidly in the direction of Louisville, Miss., to try 
to intercept Streight and Ids fleeing command. Maj. Forrest had been order^-d 
to follow Gen. Forrest with the Tenth. According to Gen. Bragg*s telegram, 
Lieut.-col. Dougherty, with about two hundred men, was left near Garner's Ferry; 
and the writer, with three hundred of the regiment, crossed the Tennessee at that 
point, swimming the horses and ferrying the men and arms over in one small for- 



Begiuextal Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



657 






ry-boat, and marched rapidly to Louisville, Miss., in two days and one night — a 
distance of about eighty-live miles. Upon reaching Louisville we learned of the 
capture of Straight and his men, and after resting two days moved back via Pike- 
ville and Moukon. 

1 he enemy at Corinth hearing of our movements and our small furce, sent 
out a strong cavalry force to cut us off, but our return via Pikevilie avoided a col- 
lision. The officers and men expressed great regret to Gen. Forrest at having 
been sent off and nut allowed to participate in the chase after Straight. Gen. 
Forrest's reply was that they had rendered much more efficient service by their 
strategy in causing Gen. Dodge to return hastily to Corinth than they could have 
rendered in the main chase. We marched back via Florence to Spring Hill, 
where we scouted and had several skirmishes before Gen. Roseerans moved on 
Tullahoma. When Rosecrans started for Tullahoma the Eighth Tennessee Cav- 
alry was upon his right flank, watching and skirmishing. They came into Shel- 
byville after it was in the possession of the United States troops, but retired down 
Duck River in a heavy rain, crossed the river and fed at Lint's, south of Shelby - 
ville, and then moved to Tullahoma on Sunday evening. The writer, with two hun- 
dred of the Eighth, was ordered to scout to Hilisboro, within a short distance of 
the town. About one o'clock at night we were fired upon by the pickets of a 
large force at Hilisboro. There we learned that Gen. Wilder, with a large cav- 
alry force, had gone in the direction of Decherd. Pressing a guide, Ave moved 
rapidly to that point, but not before Wilder had reached it and burned the depot. 
From Decherd we were ordered to Pelham to resist the crossing of Elk River at 
that place, which we did successfully by destroying the bridge near the town. 
The stream at that time was much swollen. Gen. Bragg was then falling back 
on Chattanooga, and the Eighth Tennessee, with others of the brigade, was left 
at the University place for thirty-six hours, with instructions then to follow on 
across the Cumberland Mountains and protect the rear of Gen. Hardee's corps. 
This we did, and overtook the infantry near Jasper, where we remained until 
they had all crossed the Tennessee River; then we crossed at Kelly's Ferry, and 
moved to the vicinity of Chattanooga, where we rested a week or ten days, when 
the writer was ordered, with the Eighth Tennessee Cavalry, to recrossthe Tennes- 
see River and move to Sparta, and there scout and watch the movements of Gen- 
Rosecrans's army, and to report when they moved in the direction of Chattanoo- 
ga. We recrossed the river and the mountains without any trouble, opened and 
held election for Governor, members of the Legislature, and Congress, in White, 
Putnam, Jackson, and other counties adjoining. During this time there was a 
corps of infantry, with one or two brigades of cavalry, at McMinnville, only twen- 
ty-six miles from Sparta. We scouted well, and kept our pickets well out in the 
direction of McMinnville. 

On the morning of the 9th of August, 1SG3, our pickets, eight miles from our 
camp on the road to Spencer, were charged by Col. Minty's brigade of cavalry. 
The picket was Capt. Leftwich's Co. D. A running light from there to camp, two 
miles above Sparta, was kept up. Capt. Leftwich, being on a fleet horse, would 
check the advance until overpowered, would then press on and urge his men out 
of the way. When the tiring was heard as they came running at lull speed 
through Sparta, at least two-thirds of our horses were loose in a fresh pasture just 
opened, and by the time we could get our horses the enemy was very near us. 
42 



DO 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Capt. McOfinnis, with Co. B, was sent to meet and cheek the advance, but they 
onlv did so for a few minutes, -when, by superior force and numbers, they broke 
his line and came thundering upon our rear as we were moving the re-t of the 
regiment into position across Wild Cat Creek, just above its mouth, where it emp- 
ties into the Calfkiller River, and below Fisk's mill on the creek. Capt. Dixon 
A. Allison took charge of the head of the regiment, and formed it upon the left 
bank of the river; while the writer took the companies of Capts. Mounce L.Gore 
and B. M. Swearingen, and formed them in front of the bridge over Wild Cat 
Creek. The enemy were allowed to reach the bridge before we opened tire on 

£ them, and in the space between the bridge and the creek there must have been 

one hundred horsemen when we began the attack. Our gallant boys never 
acted more bravely than upon this occasion. Being at their own homes, they 

I fought with desperation, and repulsed every eifort of the enemy to charge ar dis- 

lodge us. After they had retired we moved farther up the river to Blue Spring 
Creek, where we thought we had a better position; but Col. Minty failing to pur- 
sue us, we took up the line of march after him, and pursued him until we Learned 
he had recrossed the Caney Fork River and left the county. This being a hot 
August Sabbath, we could not overtake him. Our loss was two or three wound-_-d 
and about eight of the pickets captured. Their loss was twelve killed and a num- 
ber wounded, with twenty-four horses killed. About this time or just before, they 
made a night attack on our pickets near Rock Island, thirteen miles off, and capt- 
ured Hugh Lowry and eleven others. This was on the night of the 4th of August. 
On the 17th of August, 1863, Col. Minty was reenforced, and made another dash 
upon us in daylight and coming up the main road from McMinnville, We had 
been reinforced by Col. W. S. McLemore, witii two hundred of his regiment, and 
were camped near the same place. Our scouts met them twelve miles from camp, 
when they charged the scouting party and pursued then; hotly to camp. The 
Fourth Tennessee took our former position at Wild Cat Creek, and the Eighth 
Tennessee took position half a mile above at Meredith's mill, when the battle oe- 
gan about four o'clock P.M., and lasted until after dark. They lost heavily in 
killed and wounded and in horses, while we lost two men killed and eight or ten 
wounded and a few captured. The battle was spirited and tierce until the dark- 
ness of the night put an end to the fray. Fearing the enemy would effect a cross- 
ing of the river above us, we left a strong picket and withdrew to the top of Cum- 
berland Mountain to a very strong position, and expected the fight to be renewed 
earlv next morning; but in this we were disappointed, as when morning came 
Col. Minty, with his command, moved across the mountain in the direction of 
Chattanooga, saying he would leave us in full possession of the country about 
Sparta. 

To prove the inaccuracy of many of the published statements about the war, 
the writer refers to a recent publication made by Gen. Rosecrans, who was com- 
manding the United States forces in Tennessee, in which he says "before moving 
on Chattanooga he sent Col. Minty, with his brigade, out on the Kingston road, 
where he met Col. Dibrell and his regiment, and drove them back across the Ten- 
nessee River handsomely," when the truth is we repulsed Col. Minty twice with 
a heavy loss, and remained in the vicinity of Sparta and the battle-ground for a 
week after Minty had crossed the Cumberland Mountains. 

In the engagement of the Oth not more than two hundred of the Eighth Ten- 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



659 









nessee were engager! in the battle, and not more than three hundred in that of the 
17th of August. 1803, while Col. Minty had not less than fifteen hundred or two 
thousand men well armed and equipped. Their loss in the last battle was very 
heavy in killed and wounded. They sent many of their dead and wounded to 
McMinnville, and we buried the dead left on the battle-field. 

The support given us by Col. McLemore's reinforcements enabled us to repulse 
the enemy on the 17th, and no set of soldiers ever fought more bravely when 
they knew they were fighting against such large odds. But we were at home, 
fighting for our own dear ones, and we preferred death rather than defeat. Min- 
ty's men made various efforts to charge us and drive us from our positions at Wild 
Cat Creek and Meredith's mill, but the true and gallant boys of the Eicrhth met 
every charge with a yell and a volley that sent them, to the rear in great confu- 
sion. Of the wounded I only remember Lieut. James Walker, Rowland Terry, 
Evan Bartlett; of the captured, Lieut. Jesse Beck and others. Soon after this Col. 
Hamilton, with his battalion, joined us, and we were ordered to Kingston as rap- 
idly as we could move, receiving this order when a great many of the Eighth 
were at home on leave getting up their winter clothing (for it will be remembered 
that the cavalry generally had to mount and equip themselves). We moved late 
in the evening, and consequently quite a number of the men who were thus absent 
on leave getting up clothing, etc., were left. Some came on and overtook us, but 
the majority remained. At Kingston Gen. Forrest ordered Lieut.-col. Dougherty, 
with a detail of officers, to recross the Cumberland Mountains and gather up and 
bring out these absent soldiers. Col. Dougherty and his detail did return and 
get together most of the absentees, and had several skirmishes and battles in the 
enemy's lines. The most noted battle in which the detachment of the Eighth un- 
der Col. Dougherty participated was the Dug Hill fight on the 22d of February, 
1S64, with about an equal force of Col. Siokes's cavalry. They soon routed 
Stokes's cavalry, killing about fifty and stampeding the remainder, and greatly de- 
moralizing the crowd that had assembled in Sparta to listen to the 22d of Febru- 
ary oration being delivered by Col. Stokes. Lieut.-col. Dougherty and a number 
of his men were captured and sent to prison, and did not rejoin the regiment until 
just before the surrender. Many of the officers and men made their way through 
the lines to the regiment, and others rejoined us when we came back to Tennes- 
see with Gen. Wheeler in August, 1SG4. 

Prior to the regiment moving back to Chattanooga, Maj. J. E. Forrest, having 
been elected Colonel of an Alabama regiment, left us to assume command of his 
regiment, and never rejoined us. 

Gen. Forrest's order to move to Kingston was dated the 20th of August, 1SG3. 
Upon reaching Post Oak Springs Ave met Gen. Forrest; made an expedition up 
the Emory Fiver; moved back via Kingston, crossed the Tennessee in a horse-boat 
at the mouth of the Clinch Kiver; moved on down through East Tennessee to 
Dalton, Ga. ; thence out to Tunnel Hill, where we met Gen. Wilder, with whom 
Gen. Forrest had been skirmishing all day. Wilder retired at night, and we fol- 
lowed via Ringgold and Leats's Tan-yard to Rocky Springs, without any serious 
trouble until the sanguinary battle of Chickamauga was begun; snd referring to 
the report of the writer of this, who was commanding the brigade of which the 
Eighth Tennessee was a pari and actively engage.!, he adopts his report then 
made, as follows: 



6C0 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



"Head-quarters Second Brigade Armstrong's Cavalry Division", 

" Bird's Mills, September 25, 1863. 
"Capt. A. BurwelTj, Assistant Adjutant-general. 

"Sir: I beg leave to make the following report of the action of the Second 
Brigade in the recent battle of Clnckamauga: 

"On the morning of the 18th instant the brigade was ordered forward to guard 
the several passes at Glass's mills, Glome's bridge, and Owen's ford, which was 
done, driving the enemy from and taking possession of the null and bridge, re- 
maining until next morning on the left of Lieut.-gen. Polk's corps. 

"On the morning of the 19th we moved to the right of the infantry, and got no 
in time to join in a heavy skirmish then going on. We occupied the right of the 
infantry on the 10th and 20th, and were in several very hotly contested engage 
ments. 

"On the 21st we were ordered forward, and engaged the enemy in the gap of ■ 
Missionary Kidge during the afternoon, losing several men in killed and wounded. 

"On the 22d we moved forward again, and came up with the enemy near Ko.-.-', ille, 
and after skirmishing during the entire day succeeded in driving the enemy to the 
point of Lookout Mountain, lo>ing several killed and wounded. 

" On the 23d we skirmished all day with the enemy at the point of Lookout 
Mountain, theirs being a superior infantry force, and our orders being only :_> 
hold the ground we had. 

"On the 24th we moved to this place. 

"Our losses during the engagement are as follows: 

"Fourth Tennessee, Maj. McLemore commanding: Three killed, twenty-two 
wounded, three missing. 

" Eighth Tennessee, Capt. McGinnis commanding: Four killed, eleven wounded. 

"Ninth Tennessee, Col. Biftle commanding: One killed, seven wounded. 

"Tenth Tennessee, Col. Cox commanding: Three killed, six wounded, two miss- 
ing. 

" Eleventh Tennessee, Col. Holman commanding: Three killed, three wounded, 
one missing. 

"Hamilton's Battalion, Maj. Shaw commanding: Four killed, three wounJe i. 

"Freeman's Battery, Lieut. Huggins commanding: Eleven wounded. 

"Total: Eighteen killed, sixty-three wounded, six missing, fourteen horses 
killed or disabled. No saddles or equipments lost. 

"The brigade captured at least one thousand stand of arms,. a large lot of sup- 
plies, and fully live hundred prisoners. AVe were kept constantly on the move 
or engaged, and as fast as prisoners were captured (except the wounded I they 
were sent to the rear, and no account kept of them. The arms were srathered in 
wagons. The command armed itself completely with the Springfield and Enfield 
muskets. The estimates of capture are only made by me from what I saw my- 
self. 

"It affords me great pleasure to say that the conduct of the men and officers ot 
the brigade during the six days engagement was all that could be desired, and 
they fully sustained their previous good character for gallantry. 

" G. Gr. Dibrell, Colonel Commanding Brigade." 

Of the wounded in the battle of Clnckamauga several died, among them Mere- 
dith Sparkman, Nieh. Carrick, and others. The Eighth Tennessee bore a con- 



ReGUMESTAL HlSTOItlES AND MEMORIAL ROLLS. 6G1 



spicuous part in the entire engagement. They began the battle on Friday morn 
ing, the ISth, and skirmished all clay at Owen's ford, and with the aid of Hug- 
gins' s battery were enabled to hold the position taken during the day. At night 
they were relieved by Gen. Breckinridge. Saturday they were in several assaults 
upon the enemy on tiie right of the infantry, always keeping up their end of tin? 
line. In Sunday's engagement the Eighth was very prominent, and aided in 
eapturing one of the enemy's hospitals, with quite a number of our wounded who 
were cared for, besides a number of prisoners slightly wounded. In this capture 
the Eighth secured a line set of silver medical instruments, which was afterward 
taken charge of by Gen. Cheatham's command, and never returned, thanks to ex- 
Gov. Porter. 

In the last hard battle of Sunday morning, when the Eighth and other cavalry 
were near Gen. Thomas's lines in the midst of a perfect hail-storm of shot and 
shell, and so enveloped in smoke that you could scarcely see a soldier fifty steps, 
the infantry upon our left gave way, and thus exposed our left Sank, Gen. For- 
rest ordered the cavalry to retire across the field in our rear. The roar of battle 
was so great and the smoke so dense that the officers of the Eighth did not hear 
the command to fall back until all the other troops had withdrawn some distance. 
Capt. MeGinnis, Adjt. Smallman, and the other officers were gallantly cheering 
and encouraging rheir men, and if they had been properly supported the cavalry- 
would soon have forced Gen. Thomas to retire. In retiring through the field and 
bringing off Huggins's battery the Eighth was greatly exposed, and but for the 
heroic efforts of Adjt. Smallman, Capt. Huggins, and others, part of our artillery 
might have been left between the lines; but it is a pleasant reflection that not a 
piece of artillery was ever lost when supported by the Eighth. Huggins's com- 
pany of artillery used to say they had no fear of going into battle when supported 
by the Tennessee cavalry brigade, of which the Eighth was a part. 

On the 21st of September, the enemy having retired during the night, the cav- 
alry was saddled and ready to renew the fight at daylight. It was 10 o'clock, 
however, before they had orders to move, when Gen. Forrest sent Maj. Strange, his 
Adjutant-general, for the Eighth Kegiment, and took one road toward Chatta- 
nooga with Shaw's battalion, and sent the remainder of the brigade on the main 
road to Chattanooga. In a charge ordered by Gen. Forrest in person the Eighth 
and Shaw's battalion lost several good men killed. During the six days we were 
engaged in the battle of Chiekamauga and the pursuit to the point of Lookout 
Mountain the men and horses suffered severely for food, but they bore it all like 
veteran soldiers, and seldom was a complaint heard. We pressed the infantry 
back beyond Gillespie's, where we were in full view of Chattanooga and the ene- 
my ditching and fortifying. If the infantry had been promptly moved forward 
on Monday morning of that memorable battle, with all of the cavalry, the com- 
plete rout and destruction of Gen. Roseeranss army would have followed; but 
Gen. Bragg said to the writer that the loss of life would be too great a sacrifice 
for us to make, and he preferred strategy, and said he would send the cavalry to 
the rear. 

The cavalry was relieved by Gen. Long<treet's command late on Wednesday 
evening, and moved back after night to Bird's Mills, where they rested one day, and 
then moved on the U. S. forces at Cleveland and Charleston, under Cols. Wool 
ford and Bird. The Eighth was in this movement, and engaged in the running 



66-1 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



fight back to near Loudon, but took no conspicuous part in it. This was a very 
hard campaign, owing to ihe heat and dust and the rapidity with which they 
moved. Coming back from that expedition to Cleveland, Tenn.j the brigade w,t< 
put into camp; and there our gallant chieftain, Gen. Forrest, gave us his last or- 
der in regard to picketing, scouting, and the general management of allliirs, and 
repaired to Chiekamauga Station to confer with Gem Bragg. 

While stationed at Cleveland our scouts reported Col. Wool ford's U. S. cavalry 
brigade encamped at Sweet Water, some twelve miles from their infantry support 
at Loudon. The writer conceived the idea that he could inflict a severe punish- 
ment upon Col. "Wool ford's command, and wrote to Gen. Bragg asking permission 
to make the move, and to allow Col. Morrison's Georgia brigade to take part in 
the expedition, the plan of vyhich was given. Gen. Bragg approved the sugges- 
tion by sending the following note: 

"Head-quarters of the Army of Tennessee, 
"Missionary Ridge, Oct. 13, 1S63, 

"Colonel: In reply to your communication of this date in regard to your move- 
ment on the enemy at Sweet Water, the General commanding instructs me to say 
that he approves your suggestions, and desires that you will carry them into effect; 
but in so doing he wishes to impress on you to exercise the utmost caution and 
prudence. Col. Morrison has been instructed to spare all the available force to 
execute the part of the movement designed for him. He will report to you, lie- 
fore he moves his command, for instructions, in order that your movements may 
be in concert and cooperation perfect. To your judgment and zeal the General 
looks for good results. All steps necessary to secure success will be taken by you. 
... I am, Colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

"George War. Brent, Assistant Adjutant-general. 

"To Col. G. G. Dibrell, commanding cavalry, Cleveland, Term." 

Owing to some misunderstanding with Col. Morrison, the brigade did not move 
until the 19th of October. In the meantime Gen. Bragg sent a second dispatch 
to make the move, and sent the division of infantry commanded by Major-sren. 
Stevenson up to Charleston to support the cavalry, and he to command the ex- 
pedition, although he remained at Charleston with the infantry, thirty mites from 
the battle-field. We crossed the Hiawassee River late in the afternoon of October 
19, marched all night, and reached Sweet Water early in the day, to rind the ene- 
my had withdrawn to Philadelphia, six miles farther, and within six mile< of 
Loudon, where they had a large infantry force. We pressed on, and soon met a 
flag of truce from Col. Woolford conveying several citizens of Knoxville through 
the lines. The officers in charge delivered us the prisoners (citizens), and wished 
to return; but we declined to let them do so, as it would have given Col. Wool- 
ford notice and caused serious damage to Col. Morrison, who had moved up the 
Tennessee River and was to get in Woolford's rear, between him and Loudon. 
We moved on, after leaving the officer with the flag of truce and his men at the 
house of Gen. Vaughn, in Sweet Water, and soon engaged Woolford in a skirmish. 
We did so lightly, until by the tiring of Morrison's men we knew that he was in 
position. Then we opened on Woolford with Hmrgins's bitrery and charged him, 
putting his men to flight, and capturing seven hundred prisoners, six pieces of 
artillery, twelve ambulances, fifty wagons, near one thousand horses and mules, 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 003 

with all of their camp equipage and a large quantity of arms, ammunition, army 
supplies, etc. The Eighth Regiment was actively engaged in this movement, ami 

shared in the captures. Great credit was due to the gallantry of the whole com- 
mand for iheir success. The Eighth was not in the final charge, but came in soon 
after, and was entitled to its share of the victory thus won. Upon reporting 
the result of the expedition to Gen. Bragg, he issued a general order compliment- 
ing the officers and men engaged in it. 

Early on the morning of the 21st the infantry and cavalry from Loudon moved 
out upon us in strong force, but after a severe artillery duel and cavalry skirmish 
they retired. For several days they renewed this skirmish; but we held our 
ground until Gen. Stevenson moved to Sweet Water with his infantry. Then the 
cavalry moved over to the Tennessee River at the McGee farm, where we camped 
several days, and picketed and scouted toward Knoxville and Maryville. The 
Eighth lost several good men captured in Blount county, where the Union ele- 
ment was so strong that our scouts and pickets were never safe across the river. 
Col. Woolford had moved from Loudon over to near Maryville. Ascertaining his 
locality, and learning from citizens who had been started through the lines and 
had escaped, the true condition of the enemy in and around Knoxville, Gen. Long- 
street was ordered to move on Knoxville, up the railroad; and Gen. Wheeler, 
with part of his cavulry, sent by MeGee's, where we were encamped, and together 
we moved on Col. Woolford, near Maryville. Making a night march, we sur- 
prised Woolford's camp about daylight, and had a running fight on to Knoxville, 
in which we captured two hundred and fifty prisoners, a number of horses, small 
arms, etc. The Eighth was actively engaged in the first attack. Moving rapidly 
to the rear, we charged the fleeing enemy on the Hank, and captured a number of 
prisoners without losing a man. We then crossed the Tennessee Eiver below 
Knoxville, and moved up and participated in the siege of that city. The weath- 
er was intensely cold, anil forage and rations extremely scarce. We were com- 
pelled to subsist upon the country, and did so as best we could. Our lines were 
north of the city and across the road leading to Cumberland Gap. A few nights 
before Gen. Longscreet's fatal attack upon Fort Sanders, the cavalry was ordered 
to make a demonstration in their front to test the strength of the enemy's lines. 
A part of the Eighth was engaged in this demonstration, which was handsomely 
done, and showed a very weak line in our front. The result was reported to Gen. 
Longstreet, but to the surprise of all he made the attack upon the enemy's strong- 
est fortitied position. 

On the morning of the 1st of December Gen. Armstrong's cavalry division 
was ordered out on the Cumberland Gap road to meet a force said to be moving 
to relieve Gen. Burnside from his siege. Near Maynardville the advance met 
the enemy and had a slight skirmish with them near night. The Tennessee bri 
gade was ordered to move around Maynardville during the night and get in rear 
of the enemy. They moved around to the Cumberland Gap road about daylight, 
and learned that the enemy had retired during the night. We started in pursuit, 
the Eighth Tennessee in advance, and were soon tired upon from an ambuscade. 
The regiment immediately charged the party firing upon them, and captured 
them all ( twenty-one) before reaching their support. This charge was made down 
Lone Mountain, over a narrow wagon-way covered with ice. A number of the 
horses fell and seriously injured several soldiers, among them Stub Whitley and 



CG4 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Win. Smith, the latter of whom soon after lost his mind and died. Near the foot 
of the mountain we encountered (Jen. Foster's command of ninety-daya Indiana 
troops, and after a sharp skirmish drove them from their position. As the enemy 
were retiring under a heavy lire from the Tenth Tennessee, they were charge- 1 by 
the Fourth Tennessee, led by the Colonel of the Eighth, supported on the left by the 
Eleventh, and a lively light ensued. We charged upon a strong force intrenched 
behind rail-works. In this charge the Colonel of the Eighth was severely wound- 
ed twice and had his horse shot, and Dixon A. Allison, of Nashville, as true and 
gallant a soldier as ever Hashed a blade, was killed. After the first repulse the 
Fourth, Tenth, and Eighth dismounted; made a dash at the enemy, and drove 
them across the Clinch River. The loss of the Eighth was several severely 
wounded and several horses lost. That night we moved hack to Maynardvilie, 
bringing all of our wounded and the dead body of I). A. Allison. The wounde 1 
were cared for as well as they could be. The weather continued extremely cold 
and the roads terribly cut tip and frozen. The next night we learned of the mi.— 
ing of the siege at Knoxville, and that our army was falling back in the direction 
of Virginia. We camped at the residence of a Mr. Crawford, in Grassy Valley, 
and there buried our comrade Allison. From there we moved on into Upper 
East Tennessee. The Eighth was actively engaged in the battle at Bean's Sta- 
tion, and several other engagements at M®ssy Creek and in that vicinity. At 
Mossy Creek Capt. McGinnis, who was commanding the regiment, was severely 
wounded, and in the last fight at that place about twenty of the Eighth were capt- 
ured on the skirmish line, among them George Judd, of Company C. From the 
raising of the siege of Knoxville up to this date — the last of December — the 
Eighth was almost daily engaged in a skirmish or picket fight, and lost quite a 
number of good men. From. Panther Springs we moved over to near the Bc-r.d 
of Chucky, and on the 17th of January participated in a movement upon Dan- 
dridge. This was a cold time — snow upon the ground, and our men poorly shod 
and clothed. It is well to state here that the supplies for the Tennessee brigade 
had been sent to the Army of Tennessee, and were not received by the brigade 
until in March, 1S64: consequentlv manv of the soldiers suffered for lack of shoes 
and winter clothing. Orders were given for every man able for duty to go. I 
saw several men on the march without shoes, with their feet tied up in pieces of 
blankets or other cloth: and in this condition we moved upon the enemy, sup- 
ported by a small infantry force, and drove them into their fortifications around 
Dandridge, from which they retreated during the night via Strawberry Flair.- 
to Knoxville. Early next morning the cavalry started in pursuit, but for some 
cause unknown were halted and not allowed to press on until the second dar, 
which enabled the enemy to reach Strawberry Plains and cross the Ilolston River. 
We arrived just in time to see them quietly moving off across the river to Knox- 
ville. That night about 12 o'clock, with the mercury below zero, a courier an- 
nounced that the enemy's cavalry in lar^e force was camped opposite DandrM^c-. 
and near and within striking distance of our supply-train. The Tennessee bri- 
gade was ordered to immediately move back to Dandridge and resist anv eRJ>rt to 
cross the French Broad River, which we did, but su tiered greatly from cold. The 
Eighth Tennessee took a prominent part in this battle and expedition, and as in 
all other contests, the officers and men did their whole duty. 

On the 26th of January, 1<CA, having crossed the French Broad with all of the 



IiEGIAI'ENTAL IIisTOIilES AND MEMORIAL ROLLS. GG5 



Cavalry, and moved in the direction of Sevierville to meet the enemy's cavalry 
under Gens. Sturgis, Elliott, McCook, Woolford, and others, Gen. Armstrongs 

division was sent in the direction of Grassy Valley and Pigeon River. The Ten- 
nessee brigade, of which the Eighth was a part, soon met the brigade of Col. 
"Woolford, and a lively fight ensued, lasting until after night, in which we drove 
him three or four jniles. He retired and joined his command, and we marched to 
Birchfield's and camped for the night and most of the next day. The Eighth 
took an active part in this running fight, and did good service. Our loss was a 
few wounded. From a diary captured two days after, the enemy mu>t have lost 
at least one hundred in wounded and captured. 

On the 27th Gen. John T. Morgan's division, under Gen. Martin, with Harri- 
-son's brigade, met the enemy near Fair Garden, and sustained a repulse. At night 
we all moved back to near Cowan's ferry, on the south side of French Broad 
River, with the Tennessee brigade camped in the rear. We were certain of an 
attack next morning, knowing the superior force of the enemy, and that they 
were flushed with their victory of the day previous; but we were ready for them, 
were up, saddled, and ready at 4 o'clock a.m.; but they did not come until 10 
o'clock. The Fourth Tennessee brought them back in fine style to the ground 
selected for the battle, where we had made temporary preparations by throwing 
together logs, rocks, etc., making the best breastworks we could in so short a time. 
The Ninth Tenuessee, under Col. Biffle, was placed in front, on the right of the 
road, with the Eighth Tennessee upon the left of the road and to the left ami 
rear of the Ninth; the Tenth and Fourth to the left of the Eighth; and the Elev- 
enth and the Third Arka nsas on the right of Bifllc and the road. The position was a 
strong one, but if abandoned, the chance of escape was bad. The instructions giv- 
en to the Eighth Tennessee were under no circumstances to abandon their posi- 
tion unless ordered to do so by the brigade commander; if they did the Ninth 
could not escape. During the hard struggle against the combined forces of Gens. 
Sturgis, Elliott, McCook, Woolford, and others, the left at one time gave way, 
and word was passed to the Eighth to retire, but they gallantly said: "No! we 
were put here to stay, and we will never retire until ordered to do so by the bri- 
gade commander." And so they did gallantly hold their lines until the others 
retook the position from which they had been driven; and night coming on found 
us victorious, the enemy retreating during the night to Blount county, thirty-five 
miles from the battle-field. The Federals were severely punished. Their loss was 
currently reported at not less than three hundred, while our entire loss was two 
killed and eighteen wounded. Although the Eighth was in the front and in 
the thickest of the fight, they did not waver or lose a man; and it was one 
of the hardest-fought battles the regiment was ever engaged in. They fought 
a force greatly superior in numbers, flushed with their victory of the day before, 
and most gallantly won the day. "When night came on and the battle ended the 
brigade was about out of ammunition. Not a single straggler was seen during the 
battle. Brig.-gen. Armstrong, who was in the rear witnessing the tight, remarked 
to the writer after the contest was over that it was the first battle he had ever wit- 
nessed that lie did not see some stragglers, but this tight had not shown one. 

We were much exhausted and out of ammunition, so no pursuit of the enemy 
was made. On the next morning Lieut.-gen. Longstreet, Gen. Bushrod Johnson, 
and Gen. Martin rode over the battle-ground, and were loud in their praise of our 



606 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



brilliant victory. This battle was fought on the road leading from Sevierville to 
Newport, near the residence of a Mr. Blant, and was styled in the report as 
"Blant's Hill/'' but the soldiers called it "Dibrell's Hill." 

Maj.-gen, Martin, commanding cavalry in East Tennessee, issued the following 
complimentary order relating to the battle: 

"Head-quarters Cavalry Forces in East Tevvk— z:::. 

"Feb. 5, 1864. 

"Colonel: I wish you to express to the men and officers of the Tennessee bri- 
gade and the Third Arkansas Regiment, my high appreciation of their gallantry 
on the 28th ultimo. Their success on that occasion was indeed a triumph. It 
showed what a few determined men can do when opposed by a cloud of opponents. 

"Very respectfully, Will T. Martin, Maj.-gen." 

The Eighth was commanded by Capt. J. M. Barnes, oi Co. IT, and every officer 
and soldier did his whole duty. From this place we moved to Pigeon River, be- 
low Sevierville, where we remained several days scouting down in sight of Kn >x- 
ville, with frequent skirmishes with the enemy. On the last move down, around 
and in view of Knoxville, as we were retiring the Eighth was bringing up the 
rear, when they were charged by the enemy, their line broken, and Adjt. Small- 
man, Wm. Reavis, Lambert Hickman, and a few others, were captured. Reavis 
was wounded — his leg broken. Adjt. Smallman put him upon his horse, and was 
conveying him to the rear, when he was surrounded, overpowered, and taken to 
prison, where he remained until after the close of the war. Reavis was never 
heard of afterward. Hickman was exchanged as a sick soldier, and died in Rich- 
mond soon after. 

From this point we moved to near Newport, in Cocke county, and across to the 
bend of Chueky, doing a great deal of picket duty and scouting. While at New- 
port, in March, the brigade received their winter clothing, etc. The winter had 
been unusually hard and cold. We had no tents, and the soldiers were poorly 
clad and shod, but they bore it all. While encamped at Newport the entire bri- 
gade reenlisted for the war. 

About the 23th of February, 1864, Maj.-gen. Martin, who had been command- 
ing the cavalry in East Tennessee, was ordered to the Army of Tennessee with 
his division, commanded by Gen. John T. Morgan, leaving Armstrong's division, 
with Huggins's battery, in East Tennessee, commanded by Col. Dibrell. Before 
leaving the department of East Tennessee, Gen. Martin issued and published the 
following order: 

"Head-quarters Cavalry of East Tenne-see. 
"Newport, Feb. 28, 18G4. 
"Special Order No. 1. 

" In leaving East Tennessee, and parting with the soldiers and officers of Arm- 
strong's division, the Major-general commanding cannot permit the opportunity 
to pass of commending the zeal, patience, and gallantry of the division. In oar 
short campaign — full of incidents, of battles and skirmishes, of privation and 
want, conducted in mid-winter, in a mountainous country — the division has cov- 
ered itself with glory. At Maynardville, Mossy Creek, Dandridge, MeXurt's 
mill, and Blant's Hill, and always opposed by superior numbers it has fought 
with distinguished gallantry. In the campaign this division, with that of Gen. 



Regimental Histoeies and Memorial Rolls. 



mi 






Morgan, has contended with immensely superior force — the well-known Twenty- 
third Army Corps. It remained for Armstrong's division to close the conte-t in 
a hard-fought battle in which the enemy was routed, and tied far from the field 
in utier defeat. Thanks to the gallant officers and men, we will all be proud to 
have been of the cavalry of East Tennessee in this campaign. . . . 
"By order of Maj.-gen. Martin: 

"Douglas Walworth, A. A. G." 

The Eighth Tennessee Cavalry was a part of the division, and of coarse shares 
the honors of the command. After Gen. Martin left East Tennessee, Maj.-gen. 
Robert Ransom was assigned to the command of all the cavalry in that depart- 
ment. Gen. "Wheeler was asking that Armstrong's division should be ordered 
back to the Army of Tennessee, and Lieut. -gen. Longstreet was trying to retain 
it so long as he remained in East Tennessee; but on the 27th of March, 1864, the 
following order was issued: 

"Head-quarters Cavalry of the Army of East Tennessee, 

"March 27, 1864. 
"Special Order No. 13. 

"By direction of the Lieutenant-general commanding the department, Col. Dib- 
rell's division of cavalry is relieved from duty in this department, and the com- 
manding ofriotT will march the division to Lalton, Ga., without delay, and report 
to Gen. J. E. Johnston. 

" In severing official connection with this division of gallant and tried soldiers, 
the Major-general commanding expresses his deep regret at the separation, and 
tenders to all his own and the thanks of the Lieutenant-general commanding the 
department for their unflinching devotion to our country during the past winter, 
and especially for their crowning act of heroism in ree'nlisting for the war. Such 
acts reach the sublime, and make men immortal. 

" By command of Maj.-gen. Ransom : 

"James T. Brown, Capt. and A. A. G." 

During the East Tennessee campaign the entire command was badly supplied, 
and. suffered greatly for clothing. They were constantly on duty, bore it all, and 
well deserved the complimentary orders issued by Maj.-gens. Martin and Ransom, 
for they had rendered distinguished service. They richly merited all the praise 
they received, and much more. Many of our horses had become unserviceable 
from hard service and want of forage. Lieut. Allen G. Parker, of Co. B, Eighth 
Tennessee, was sent with a detail with the disabled horses to North Carolina, 
where they were recruited and returned to the brigade. 

Leaving East Tennessee about the last days of March, we moved via Asheville, 
N. C, Greenville and Anderson, S. C, to Marietta, Ga., and thence to Resaca, 
where by order of Gen. "Wheeler the division was broken up, and a new division 
formed with Brig.-gen. Kelly commanding. The Tennessee brigade remained as 
before. \Ve had but a few days rest until we were ordered to the front above 
Dalton and about the 7th of May the Eighth Tennessee was on picket duty above 
Varnell's Station, where they were attacked and driven in by McCook's division, 
TJ. S. cavalry. They were met by the Fourth, Ninth, and Eleventh Tennessee, and 
checked up until the Texas brigade charged and routed them, capturing Col. La 
Grange and two hundred and fifty men. We Lost several. A fewdavs after, Gen. 



668 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

Wheeler moved on the enemy, supported by Gen. Ilindmau's infantry. He ex- 
cused the Tennessee brigade because of their severe tight a few days before, b it i: 
was not long until the Tennessee boys were sent for to move the enemy in Wheel- 
er's front. The Eighth was deployed, and moved up the line on Gen. Wheeler's 
right, and soon captured fifteen or twenty prisoners. Going on, they drove the 
enemy back. The Ninth and Tenth came in the rear, and charging the enemy 
drove them rapidly back, causing the whole line in Gen. Wheeler's front to re- 
tire. As the Ninth and Tenth were re-forming, an officer and twenty men, re- 
turning from a scout, came near the Eighth, when they fired a volley into the 
scouting party, who fled at full speed. Coming up in the rear of the Ninth and 
Tenth, they poured a volley into them, killing and wounding every one of the 
party save one, and he feigned death for awhile. Every horse was killed or totally 
ruined. We did not lose a man, and the enemy was driven from the rield. One 
man of the Ninth was killed by accident. In the first engagement with McCook's 
cavalry last above, Hugh Carrick, acting as courier, was mortally wounded. 

On the retreat of Geu. Johnston's army from Dalton to Atlanta the cavalry 
was in the rear, and there was scarcely a day during the long march that the 
Eighth, with some of the Tennessee brigade, was not engaged in a skirmish, picket 
right, or regular battle. At Dalton they had a hard skirmish with overwhelming 
numbers. At Calhoun and at Eesaca they had a hard fight, losing some men. 
Kelly's division, of which the Eighth was a part, was the last to cross the river. 
After the infantry had retired and destroyed the bridge, they moved up the river 
seven miles, and crossed just before day without loss. During the day they re- 
captured the hospital of Gen. Hindman's command that had been captured by the 
enemy. The charge was led by Biffie and the Ninth supported by the Eighth. 
In this charge the gallant and handsome Jack Nicholson, son of Hon. A. O. P. 
Nicholson, charged through the enemy's lines, and was killed in their rear. He 
was a member of the Ninth. 

The Eighth acted a conspicuous part in all the skirmishes aloni? the line of re- 
treat — at Calhoun; at Cartersville; at New Hope Church, where Montgomery 
Lowry was killed; at Dallas; in front of Kennesaw Mountain. In retreating 
from Marietta the Eighth was engaged in a very severe contest, and lost several 
men. At Chattahooche River they were among the last to cross, and were in a 
lively skirmish for several hours before crossing. After crossing, the Eighth, 
with the remainder of the Tennessee brigade, was ordered up the river to resist 
the advance of the enemy, who had effected a crossing near Koswell factory. We 
moved up in the night, placed out strong pickets, ami secured two pieces of artil- 
lery that had been abandoned by the Georgia militia, and prevented any advance 
or marauding by the enemy. Our camp was at Poplar Springs, on the Peach-tree 
road, until ordered back across Peach-tree Creek on the day Gen. Hood super- 
seded Gen. Johnston in command of the Army of Tennessee. 

We moved back and out to Dallas just in time to see the enemy driven from 
this place and to take some action in the skirmish. Erorn here we went to Si - 
Mountain, and there had quite a lively fight, in which our friend Col. 5fraty, 
who had twice fought us near Sparta, was engaged. We were holding the errexnv 
at bay, and would have repulsed them, but Gen. Kelly notified us c( a lar^e force 
moving toward our rear, and directed u^ to fall back to Conyers. In this en_;i:_-- 
ment the Tennessee brigade and Huggins's battery participated, and all fought 



Regimental Bistokies and Memorial Rolls. GO'.) 



bravely. While at Conyers Gen. Stoneman, with his command, passed around 
us in the direction of Macon. We reported the facts, and begged tor permission 
to pursue, which was denied u>, and twenty-four hours after he passed Gen. Will- 
iams started in pursuit, and captured his command. We could have come up with 
him much sooner. 

On the 10th of August, 1861, the Eighth Tennessee, reduced from nine hundred 
and twenty -one men when mustered into service in September, 1SG2, to one hun- 
dred and forty effective men mounted and ready for duty, marched with the bri- 
gade and Gen. Wheeler on his contemplated raid into Middle Tennessee. We 
had no serious trouble until we reached Dalton, where we had a lively fight. We 
captured the town, witli a number of prisoners and a large quantity of supplies, 
and drove the enemy into their fort, a xery strong position. The brigade charged 
the fort, and would have captured, it but for Gen. Kelly's order to stop the charge 
and retire. The enemy in the fort, hearing the order to retire, poured a murder- 
ous tire into our ranks, doing considerable damage. While this rU ; ht lasted it 
was severe and the result doubtful, but we have always believed that if Gen. Kelly 
had not checked the charge we would have captured the fort and the entire gar- 
rison. Our loss was not very heavy, considering the hazardous undertaking. 
After destroying the railroad-track, etc.. we moved in the direction of Tunnel Hill 
the next morning, and were met by a heavy force of infantry. After skirmishing 
awhile, Gen. Wheeler ordered us to move on in the direction of Spring Place and 
the Hiawassee Elver, which we crossed above Charleston. We sent scouts to see 
if we could ford the Tennessee River at Cottonport. Capt. McKeynolds, of the 
Eighth, reported that we could; other scouts sent by Gen. Wheeler reported we 
could not. After consultation, Gen. Wheeler decided to move via Maryvilie and 
Strawberry Plains, and did so. The Eighth insisted on crossing at Cottonport 
and going in advance, but this was denied them. The garrison at Maryvilie was 
captured, and near Strawberry Plains we met the enemy and ran them back to 
Knoxville. 

At Post Oak Springs the Eighth Tennessee was allowed to move in advance, 
and that day marched to Sparta, fifty-five miles, and the men allowed to visit their 
homes, to report back within three days. On Cherry Creek a few of the men met 
with a company of Col. Garret's regiment, who charged them, and shot one of 
our boys eight or ten times, but did not kill him. They learned from him what 
command he belonged to, when they beat a hasty retreat to Carthage. They were 
of Capt. Pennington's company, who had terrorized over the people of White 
county, their home, in a shameful manner. Hence their flight. In passing Sparta, 
Gen. Wheeler authorized the Eighth to remain two days longer to gather up ab- 
sentees and recruits and get such supplies as they could, and promised that if be 
was compelled to fall back from in front of Nashville he would fall back toward 
the mountains and would meet us. 

At the expiration of the two days nearly all the men met at Sparta, according 
to promise, with a great many absentees and fresh recruits, when we took up the 
line of march to overtake Gen. Wheeler, expecting to meet him between Lebanon 
and Nashville. We gathered up the stragglers from the entire command, which, 
with the recruits and absentees, increased our entire force to about eleven hundred 
men, not more than, three hundred of whom were armed. The absentees were 
greatly rejoiced at the chance of rejoining their old regiment. Many of them 



G70 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



had been liunte<l tor like wild beasts. Some had been killtd, the houses of M~>me 
had been burned and their families insulted and abused, and they had longed for 
a chance to get back into the army to avenge their wrongs. 

At Lebanon we learned that Gen. Wheeler had been repulsed in front of Nash- 
ville, and hail fallen back via Franklin and Columbia; that Gen. Keiiy, our di- 
vision commander, had been killed. We turned across, intending to try to crvss 
the Nashville and Chattanooga road west of Murfreeshoro. Sending scouts to as- 
certain the force in our front, they reported all the crossings strongly guarded. 
The enemy had been advised of our force being in the rear and of our condition. 
"We then moved in the direction of Woodbury, intending to try to cross the rail- 
road near Tullahoma and join Gen. "Wheeler before he crossed the Tennessee 
River. After marching until about one o'clock at night, and having had great 
trouble to keep up and together the command of recruits unarmed and stragglers 
from all of the other commands, we went into camp just south of Ready rille, 
placing out picket?, and feeding our horses from a field near McBroom's. The 
picket on the Murfreeshoro pike was from the Fifth Georgia. After we had gone 
into camp it is said a Union citizen went rapidly to Murfreeshoro, ten miles dis- 
tant, and notified the commanding officer. It is said he estimated our force at 
twelve hundred, with one-fourth only armed. Just about day, as orders were L r iven 
to saddle and move, the enemy — Col. Jordan, of the Ninth Pennsylvania Caval- 
ry, with others — charged into our camp, having surrounded and captured the 
pickets without firing a gun. The surprise was complete. Scarcely a horse was 
saddled, and the utmost confusion ensued. The charging enemy came in from up 
the pike with drawn sabers, and immediately surrounded McBroom's house and 
searched it fur the Colonel of the Eighth, who had slept under a sugar-tree in the 
grove. Our men scattered in every direction. Capt. Bilbrey and Capt. Gore, of 
the Eighth, and others, formed on the hill-side, and others formed on the opposite 
side, which checked and alarmed our foes. Only a few followed our stampeded 
force to Woodbury, where they were met by Capt. George Carter and several of 
his men, and many killed and several prisoners captured. The enemy hastilv 
gathered up the prisoners and returned to Murfreeshoro. Had they continued 
their pursuit, they could have destroyed our command, as we had but three hun- 
dred armed men, with but little ammunition, and about eight hundred unarmed 
men, mostly raw recruits. Our loss on this occasion from the entire command was 
two killed and about one hundred and twenty captured. Several were woundei. 
We captured about fifteen prisoners and killed seven. We gathered as many to- 
gether as possible, and moved across the Caney Fork, below Rock Island, where 
nearly all of those who had escaped were together again. From there we went 
across the river into Van Buren county, and were preparing rations, etc., to move 
across the mountains next day, intending to try to cross the Tennessee River about 
Cottonport, when we received a dispatch from Gens. Williams and Robertson that 
they had been cut off from Gen. Wheeler and were marching to join us. This 
was good news to us, and we gladly awaited their coming. 

On stopping at Sparta, as we came into Middle Tenne-see. the Eighth Tennes- 
see had but one hundred, and forty men for duty; as we were going out now we 
had nearly rive hundred men, many of whom w r ere unarmed, but all eager to be 
equipped and to do duty for their country. They had become desperate at seeing 



Regimental HistobieS and Memorial Lolls. 071 



the manner in which they and the people of the country had been imposed upon, 
abused, and in every way insulted and degraded. 

At Sparta a consultation of officers was had and the course to pursue in going 
out agreed upon. They moved up as if going into Kentucky, until they reached 
Sinking Cane, then turned and marched across the Cumberland Mountains, via 
Wartburg, Robertsville, Sneedville, etc., to Rogersville, and thence to Bristol, 
where we heard of Gen. Burbridge's move on the salt works at Saltville.. We 
were ordered out to Castle Woods to meet Burbridge, and while there were ordered 
to move rapidly to Saltville, as Burbridge was within twenty-five miles of the 
works with a large force, and the only troops in his front were Col. Giltner with 
two hundred and fifty men. We started, and marched all night, reaching Salt- 
ville, about 10 a.m., to find that Burbridge had arrived and was skirmishing with 
the troops under Gen. " Mudwall" Jackson. We had sent four hundred unarmed 
men, under Capts. Barry and Swearingen to Abingdon for arms. They had been 
ordered to Saltville, but refused to obey orders, as they said, from any militia of- 
ficers, but voull await the coming of their regiment. When they saw their com- 
mand come in sight they gave a hearty cheer and fell into line, and without halt- 
ing the regiment was placed in line on the right, and in front of the residence of 
old Governor Sanders, where we could see Burbridge's efforts to drive in our lines 
in the center. Gen. Robertson's brigade was on our left, and the Eighth Tennes- 
see, commanded by Capt. Leftwich, was on Robertson's rieht, and the left of the 
Tennesseans. We finally saw four regiments move around to our front. We 
were on a high hill. Our vedettes heard Gen. Burbridge's speech to his soldiers, 
two regiments of whom were negroes. lie told them that the destruction of the 
salt works was worth more to them than the capture of Richmond; appealed to 
the negroes to tight; and finally they moved in great confusion on our lines, firing 
as they advanced. Our boys had made some temporary defenses out of logs, fence- 
rails, etc., and had ample time for their coming, as they hail to climb a steep 
hill-side covered with a thick coat of briers The negroes were put in front, and 
driven through the briers. The Eighth had a good position, and as the enemy 
emerged from the brier-field they were generally shot down. The tight la-ted 
several hours. Our ammunition was getting very low, and we sent repeatedly for 
a supply without getting it. For some unexplained reason Gen. Robertson with- 
drew his brigade farther up the hill, leaving our left exposed, which let the ene- 
my in upon our left flank and rear, compelling us to fall back a short distance to 
the ditches, where we again formed and opened upon them with McClung's bat- 
tery, when they ceased firing, and night put an end to the battle. 

As the enemy began to emerge from the brier-thicket, some of the Eighth 
became exasperated when they saw it was negroes in front. Lieut. John Webb, 
of Company F, leaped over his log breastworks, with pistol in hand, and was shot 
down. His brother, Lieut. Thomas C. Webb, Alex. A. Reagan, and several oth- 
ers, were badly wounded. The gallant Capt. George Carter was killed, and the 
soldier win. shot him was riddled with balls. Capt. Jeff. Leftwich was command- 
ing the Eighth, and every officer and soldier fought bravely. Lieut W. P. Cha- 
pin, afterward Major, was captured by bis horse being shot and falling upon him 
so that he could not extricate himself. lie took Ids captors to where he knew 
that Cant. Andrew C. Dale was stationed with a detachment, when they fired upon 
ami killed several of those guarding Chapin, and released him. Early next 



672 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



morning we found that Burbridge had retreated during the night, leaving hU dead 
and wounded upon the bat tie- field. We endeavored to intercept hiiu by crossing 
the Clineh Mountain via an old Indian trail, where we could only march in sin- 
gle file. Xight overtook us, and it was very dark, and before all of the command 
got across the mountain Burbridge had passed, and we returned to Sakville. Our 
wounded were sent to Emory and Henry College, and kindly cared for, and oar 
dead decently buried. The enemy's loss was over five hundred killed, besides a 
large number wounded. This was the first tight the recruits had been in. and 
they did splendidly; in fact, the whole command fought bravely. The Eighth 
was in the hottest place daring the engagement, and did more execution than any 
other regiment, although the whole command did splendid fighting, and was com- 
plimented by Gens. Williams and Breckinridge, who arrived before ih^ fight was 
over. 

From Saltville we moved back to Georgia, and were marching to overtake Gen. 
Hood, who had started for Tennessee, when we received an order from Gen. 
Wheeler to return to the front of Atlanta, to meet Gen. Sherman on his march to 
the sea. This was a severe blow to the Eighth Tennessee, as they were very anx- 
ious to return to their native State and do their duty in trying to relieve our dis- 
tressed homes. A good soldier never disobeys orders, so we about-faced, and 
marched back to the front of Atlanta, near Griffin, and awaited Gen. Sherman's 
move. Very soon Gen. Sherman, with his immense army, was on the march. 
The cavalry could do very little to impede -him; but we did what we could, and 
kept his stragglers up pretty well, and prevented much destruction of property. 
Although he "smashed things," as he, in his letter to Gen. Grant, sail he would 
do, many of his men, captured in their acts of vandalism, met their fate, and 
ceased to depredate upon defenseless women and children. The tales of suffering 
of citizens in the line of Gen. Sherman's march through South Georgia and South 
Carolina were sickening in the extreme. We had some skirmishing bin no seri- 
ous engagement until we had passed Macon, whither we marched from Forsyth, 
through the rain, after 12 o'clock at night, reaching Macon at daylight, where we 
fed, crossed the river, and had a sharp skirmish that afternoon about Macon. 
The next day we had a lively dash with Kilpatrick's cavalry near Griswoldville, 
which they had burned. We had several picket fights and skirmishes, and were 
in pursuit of Kilpatrick's cavalry. Coming up with them in the nisrht of No- 
vember 28, Gen. Wheeler attacked them vigorously about daylight. The Tennes- 
see brigade was in the rear; Gen. Wheeler was repulsed, and meeting this bri- 
gade gave orders for them to charge down the road, meeting the enemy. The 
escort was composed of boys selected from the Eighth. They gallantly led the 
charge, followed by the Fourth Tennessee (Col. McLemore), and then the Eighth 
(Capt. Leftwieh). We charged the enemy, drove them behind their rail-works. 
and were ordered back. We then moved around to our right and charged them 
again as they were retreating, and routed them. We killed and captured several 
of the enemy. Our loss was light. Every horse in the escort that led the charge 
was wounded, and several of the boys, among them Bud Dozier, the Bugler, and 
others. 

At Buck Head church Gen. Wheeler overtook the enemy asain. charged and 
routed them. They destroyed the bridge over Buck Head Creek in their retreat, 
but we soon had it repaired by using the seats which we took from the ehureh. 



Eegluextal Histokies and Memorial Eolls. 673 



The Tennessee brigade was then ordered to take the lead and move to the rear 
of the enemy. We crossed and, from the information, had moved, as we thought, 
to the rear of the enemy, when we turned to the road and struck the enemy's 
jackets. Charging them, we had a running light for about half a mile, when we 
struck Gen. Kdlpatrick's entire command, strongly fortified behind rail-works, 
with a very strong position, our approach to which was through a large field, with- 
out any protection whatever. They had selected and fortified this position to re- 
main during the night. They poured volley after volley of small arms into us, 
and played upon lb with several pieces of artillery; but we held the ground taker, 
and returned their fire, until reinforcements arrived upon our right, when Kil- 
patrick abandoned his works and beat a hasty retreat. "We pursued him some dis- 
tance, until the night getting very dark we gave up the chase and went into camp; 
but Kilpatrick did not stop until he got back to Gen. Sherman's infantry. In this 
day's fighting we were actively engaged from daylight until nine or ten o'clock at 
night, the Eighth Tennessee sharing largely in the hard struggles of the day. 
They made the last charge upon the enemy's lines, meeting a perfect hail-storm 
of shot and shell from Kilpatrick's artillery, in which Houston Farley, Ander- 
son Copeland, and others, were killed, and Capt. A. C. Dale and several others 
wounded. Dr. Jo. C Evans's horse had his head torn off with a cannon-ball just 
as lie had dismounted to throw a fence down for the charge. Capt. Mounee L. 
Gore led this last charge in person. 

In a few days after this Kilpatrick came back to Waynesboro, supported by a 
large infantry force. The Eighth Tennessee was in 'advance and made a gallant 
resistance to the approach of the cavalry, but when the infantry came up to their 
support they charged the Eighth, broke our lines, and captured several of the 
Eighth Tennessee and killed several. Lieut. Pendergrass and John Williams 
were killed, James Hickey and Lieut. Selby and several others wounded and capt- 
ured. We retired through the town, making a stand on its north side, where the 
Eighth, with Huggins's battery, made a gallant fight, and repulsed the enemy, until 
the Fourth Tennessee, who were dismounted, had ample time to mount and retire; 
then we retired at our leisure, and were not pursued. From this place on to near 
Savannah, Ga., we were almost daily in a skirmish with some of Gen. Sherman's 
army. Sometimes we were in his advance, blockading roads; then in his rear pick- 
ing up his stragglers; then upon his flanks, driving his marauders into line. We 
were constantly on the move, without rest, and frequently, when in the rear, scarce 
of rations and forage, as Sherman's army left nothing that they could carry away. 
They destroyed stock, grain, barns, cotton-gins, burned houses, and tried what de- 
struction they could make. The writer saw respectable ladies, who had always 
had plenty, in the deserted camps of Sherman's army gathering up the waste corn 
for bread. 

Below Sister's Ferry, on the Savannah Paver, we came up with the enemy after 
they had gone into camp, and pressed them hard. Their infantry was camped 
in their rear and across a swamp; a part of the Eighth Tennessee, under Capt. 
Bilbrey, was in front, when their cavalry charged us up a long, pretty san.ly road. 
Our boys stood and fired a volley into them and then retreated until we met Maj. 
Jo. Shaw with his gallant little battalion coming at full speed to our rescue. We 
wheeled and joined in the charge, ami turned the enemy's charge into a regular 
stampede. As they went back, the Fourth Tennessee fired a volley into their right 
43 



G7-± 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



flank, they having moved around to get in their rear and failed because ot a swamp 
they could not cross. This increased the stampede, and they ran through the 
swamp leaving as much sign as if a drove of wild cattle had stamped over it. In 
this battle the gallant Maj. Jo. Shaw was mortally wounded by a sharp-shooter 
about dusk. The enemy retreated during the night, and we had no more serious 
fighting in Georgia. We followed Gen. Sherman's army across Ebenezer Swamp, 
and until he entered Savannah. During the pursuit, Gen. Sherman's army had 
so effectually destroyed every thing in their line of march that we were tea days 
without an issue of meal or flour, subsisting upon potatoes and such rations as we 
could get in the country. We crossed the Savannah River into South Carolina a; 
Hendron's Ferry in a steamer, and passing through an immense swamp after night 
reached dry land. Then moved via Kobertsville to Chevis's rice plantation, ax 
miles above and opposite Savannah. Here we rested several day-, foraging our 
horses upon rice. Then moved back by Kobertsville to Grahamville and Henry 
PI ill, where we scouted and picketed up Broad River as far as Bee Creek. Two 
gun-boats were in Broad River at Boyd's 2seck, three miles from our camps, and 
twice the enemy from these gun-boats ventured out to attack our pickets, and were 
both times repulsed and driven back to their gun-boats. When Gen. Sherman 
crossed- into South Carolina, Ave were ordered back to Sumterville, where we re- 
mained about a week blockading the roads in Sherman's front. But when the Fif- 
teenth Army Corps moved upon us while blockading, etc., our little band — ?or> 
tristing of the Eighth nod Fourth Tennessee, Shaw's battalion, Breckinri Jbe's 
Kentucky brigade, and Wiggers's Arkansas battery — made a desperate resistance, 
and held the whole Fifteenth Army Corps at bay for five long hours, and un:il 
notified that Gen. Wheeler had been driven from the road in our rear, leaving oui 
wagon-train greatly exposed and unprotected. We then withdrew, losing in all 
about fifty men wounded and killed in the engagement. Among these were B. 
B. Boyd, George Moore, Lieut. James Walker, and several others of the Eighth. 
During the night we retired in the direction of Barnwell, where we joined the 
remainder of the command the next day. 

We were marching through rain and mud to Blackville, S. C, to support the 
First Alabama, Col. Hagan, When near that place, we met the First Alabama 
retreating in great confusion, and hotly pursued by the enemy. The Fourth and 
Eighth Tennessee immediately met the enemy and charged them back to Black- 
ville, killing and capturing several. We covered Gen. Stevenson's retreat from 
Branchville to Columbia, and had a very hard fight at G-ngaree bridge. . 
Columbia, losing in all fifty men — twenty from Tennessee and thirty from Ken- 
tucky brigades. Among those wounded at the bridge, William A. Officer is the 
only one of the Eighth remembered. 

After Gen. Sherman's army had crossed the Congaree and come in sight of our 
infantry lines in a large open field, the Eighth Tennessee was ordered to charge 
their advance, which they did in splendid style, led by Col. M. L. Gore and others, 
losing several men and horses wounded. This was as unnecessary an exposure • : 
men as was seen by the writer during the war, but it was an order from the officer 
commanding, and was promptly obeyed. That night our troops were all »rith- 
drawn through Columbia, and the Eighth was placed on picket between Broad and 
Saluda rivers, until they were shelled out of position by the enemy, who effected 
a crossing of the Saluda just below the factory, and a large infantry force bassoon 



Regimental Histokies and Memorial Bolls. 



675 



across the river, and we were forced back to the bridge across Broad River, which 
to our surprise had been tired by Gen. Anderson's brigade, which was left to guard 
it, and our entire command had to pass through the burning bridge or sutler capt- 
ure. Many uf the men were badly burned and several dangerously. The next 
morning the enemy began to cross Broad Kiver in front of Deas's brigade of in- 
fantry, seemingly without opposition. Our cavalry division was ordered up to 
support the infantry, but was too late, as the crossing had been effected. We lost 
two men killed there. We then retired a short distance on the Winnshoro road, 
and made a stand, witnessing the enemy's mareh into the proud capital of the 
State of South Carolina and the burning of the town. 

We tried in vain to get many supplies that our troops needed badly at Colum- 
bia, but failed, and they were nearly or quite all captured by the enemy. 

Next day we moved via Winnsboro, etc., to Chesterville. 

Gen. Sherman, when he left Columbia, crossed the Catawba Eiver at Eocky 
Point. Gen. Wheeler put a raft in the river, breaking his pontoon and leaving 
Blair's army corps south of the river. 

The Tennessee and Kentucky brigades were sent back from Chesterville to see 
what could be done for our sick and wounded at Columbia, and to harass and an 
noy Gen. Shermans rear. At Black Stock we turned in his rear, and could tell 
by the smoke of burning houses where his troops and his advance were. On 
Sunday evening we sent a scout in the direction of the smoke, and soon they 
encountered thirty-live or forty Federals amusing themselves at Stroud's mills 
burning houses, cotton-gins, etc.; and our boys charged and captured the ent'te 
command. 

Next morning we crossed Eock Creek and surprised the enemy, who were out 
in large force foraging over the country while waiting for the pontoon to be re 
paired. Col. Gore, commanding the Eighth, captured fourteen wagons and team? 
and a number of prisoners, while the staff and escort, with others, charged into 
their camp, greatly alarming them and effectually stopping all further foraging 
there. Our total captures were one hundred and fifty prisoners, one hundred and 
fifty horses ami mules, and fourteen wagons with harness, loaded principally with 
forage taken from citizens. Our presence in that locality was a Godsend to the 
citizens, and they appreciated it greatly. 

We then moved up and crossed the Catawba into North Carolina on the rail- 
road bridge, and passing Monroe and Wadesboro crossed the Great Pedee Eiver 
at Grassy Island while it was raining hard and the river rising rapidly. We 
camped the next day and night, and marched sixty-five miles to overtake Gens. 
Hampton and Wheeler. We joined them just as they were ready to surprise 
Kilpatrick's camp, which they did just before daylight, capturing four hundred 
prisoners and releasing one hundred and seventy Confederate prisoners and citi- 
zens held by Gen. Kilpatrick. Our division was held in reserve, and when Gen. 
Shermans infantry came to the rescue of Kilpatrick's cavalry, Hampton and 
Wheeler were forced to fail back; and then the little Tennessee brigade, composed 
of the Fourth and Eighth and Shaw's battalion, was brought into action in a gal- 
lop, and for an hour and ten minutes made one of the best horseback fights made 
during the war. They effectually checked the enemy's advance, and held them at 
bay until all the disorganized cavalry had got together; and we then retired at 
our leisure, after losing seTcral good men ami horses. Among the soldiers 



676 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



wounded was Lieut. Cass, shot through the lungs; but he recovered, and has sin e 
died from the effects of that wound. He was a gallant boy. 

We had a skirmish in passing through Fayetteville, X. C, and participated In 
the battle at Averysboro, and were hotly engaged on the 18th and 19th of >J 
at the battle of Bentonville, and on the 20th skirmished, protecting our right 
flank. 

After the battle at Bentonville Gen. Sherman moved to Goldsboro, and ^e 
moved to Nalmnta, near Pikeville, where Capt. York's company of scout* picked 
up a number of prisoners during the ten or twelve days we remained at this 
place. 

On the 10th of April Gen. Sherman moved on us from Goldsboro. and as we 
could not resist his crossing Nahunta Swamp, we had a hard skirmish, in which 
James Short and Tom Bass, of the Fourth Tennessee, were killed, being the last 
soldiers killed in action. 

On the 11th of April, 1S65, we made our last fight at Beulah, X. C, near Little 
River, the bridge over which we destroyed. This was a stubborn fight, with sev- 
eral wounded, but none killed. It was said that Isaac D. Reagan, of Co. C, Eighth 
Tennessee Cavalry, fired the last shot in this engagement. 

On the 12th of April we crossed the Xeuse River at Battle's bridge, and then 
learned the truth of Gen. Lee's disaster in front of Petersburg, which Sherman's 
men had been hallooing to us for two days before, but we did not believe it. Mov- 
ing up to Raleigh, that evening we were ordered to march as rapidly as we could 
to Greensboro, eighty-five miles distant, and report to President Davis. Startrac* 
just before sundown, with the little Kentucky and Tennessee brigade and Win- 
gers'* Arkansas battery, we made the march to Greensboro in two days and nis " -. 
a very hard march. Arriving at Greensboro, X. C, about twelve o'clock at niffht, 
we reported in person to Gen. Breckinridge, Secretary of War, and Presider.i Da- 
, vis, and received orders and instructions as to our future movements. Our men 

and horses were fatigued, and needed rest after the hard march. On the next 
day Greensboro was full of soldiers from Gen. Lee's army, together with a sreat 
many stragglers, State troops, and others, all of whom were greatly demoralized, 
and many soldiers were drinking. It was said there were some supplio in ::.e 
town that the soldiers wanted, and the authorities in charge were destroying vast 
quantities of alcohol and other supplies. In the evening some of the cavalry ha 1 
got into the crowd, and to disperse them all a certain cowardly Lieut. Molloy. of 
the North Carolina State troops, ordered his men to fire upon the other-, whi h 
they did, killing James Brown, of Co. I>, Eighth Tennessee Cavalry, and w 
ing one other soldier. This was the last death in the regiment, and his dea:h w,as 
a cold-blooded murder, perpetrated by order of Lieut. Mollov, and caused great 
indignation with the cavalry, as Brown was an extra good soldier and a pop " it 
young man, a brother of Lieut.-col. Brown, of the Sixteenth Tenne— ee Infantry. 
On account of this affair the command that evening, with President Davis and 
his staff, moved out six or eight miles and camped for the ni_ r ht. We then 
proceeded via Lexington, Saulsbury, etc., to Charlotte, N. O, escorting Pres: dent 
Davis and his Cabinet, and guarding his trains and picketing and scoutinj in 
every direction, causing heavy duty. 

At Charlotte, X. C, Gens. Vaughn and Duke, with their brigades from Western 
Virginia, joined us, and soon Gen. Ferguson, with his brigade, also joined us, and 



Eigimextal Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



677 



we moved on, the Tennessee and Kentucky brigades doing the principal part of the 
scouting and picket duty until we readied Abbeville, S. (.'., where the last consul- 
tation was had at the house of lion. Mr. Burt. There were present President 
Davis, Gen. J. C. Breckinridge, Gen. Braxton Bragg, Gen. G.G. Dibrell, Gen. J. 
C. Vaughn, Gen. P>. AY. Duke, Gen. Ferguson, and Col. W. C. P. Breckinridge. It 
was there decided to break up the command, let those who desired to accept the 
terms of Gen. J. E. Johnston's surrender do so, and those who wanted to go to 
the trans-Mississippi do so; President Davis saying he would take his stall', his per- 
sonal escort, and the company of Capt. Given Campbell's Kentucky troops we had 
assigned him, and look out for himself. It was further agreed that on crossing the 
Savannah Kiver the next morning the entire command would halt and some spe- 
cie belonging to the Government in our train should be divided among all the sol- 
diers present. At eleven o'clock at night we moved from Abbeville, S. C, and 
crossed the Savannah Kiver into Georgia, and halted near Washington, where, as 
per agreement, one hundred and eight thousand dollars was divided among the 
soldiers, each soldier receiving twenty-six dollars and twenty-five cents. This was 
on the 3d of May, ISGo, and on the 11th of May we were paroled by Capt. Lot 
Abrahams, of the Fourth Iowa Cavalry, and moved in a body for our homes in 
Tennessee. 

From the day we reported to President Davis at Greensboro, N. C, until the 
surrender at "Washington, Ga., the gallant Tennessee boys did splendid service, 
and never faltered in any duty assigned them. Notwithstanding thousands of pa- 
roled and badly demoralized troops were passing us daily, still they kept their or- 
ganization intact. During all this trying time only two young men of good fam- 
ilies left, and their names are withheld. It was frequently said that ours was the 
only organized command east of the Mississippi Kiver. 

The Eighth Tennessee Kegiment went into service October, 1SG2, with nine 
hundred and twenty-one men, and her last report for muster when we stopped to 
surrender showed three hundred and eighty-one men present and accounted for on 
the roll, which was a good showing for three and a half years hard service, and 
the many difficulties the regiment had to encounter and the many hard-fought 
battles the regiment had been engaged in. After receiving our paroles on the 
11th of May, we started in a body for Tennessee, and marched unmolested until 
we reached our native State of Tennessee, where we camped on the Connesauga 
River, in Polk county, and intended crossing the Tennessee at the mouth of the 
Iliawassee; but a squad of soldiers was sent out from Cleveland, Tenn., to meet us 
and bring us by that place, where, as soon as we marched into town, a guard was 
placed around us by the Provost-marshal and a rigid search made of the person 
of every soldier for a pistol, cartridge, United States belt or buckle, or any thing 
bearing L T . S. While this search was going on several loyalists were putting up 
false claims for horses, cattle, and all kinds of property; and one Simeon E. Brow- 
der sued several officers of the Eighth for ten thousand dollars damages for eanqv- 
ing on him the previous night, and for all his losses during the war. We had be- 
gun to think we had fallen among a den of thieves, until Col. Smith, of the One 
Hundred and Fifty-fourth Illinois — a nice gentleman, and no doubt a gallant offi- 
cer, who had just assumed command of the post — came to our rescue and checked 
the Provost-marshal in his mad career, and stopped the annoyance of the citizens. 
We were verv thankful to Col. Smith for his kindlv interference and for informa- 



GTS 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 






tion in regard to orders and rules adopted by the little red-tape Provost-marshals 
and brave men in the rear. 

Leaving Cleveland late in the evening, we marched through rain and m ■;•■ to 
Chattanooga next day, and reported in person first to Lieut. Sargent, Provost- 
marshal, who informed us his instructions were to dismount all the private s< 1- 
diers. We then reported in person to Gen. Judah, commanding the post, whom 
we found playing a game of whist with Judge Rousseau, of Kentucky, a brother of 
the General. Gen. Judah received us kindly, but declined to interfere. We 
stated to Lieut. Sargent and Gen. Judah that all of our horses were private prop- 
erty, and by the terms of Gen. Johnston's surrender all soldiers were allowed to 
retain their horses; and that, in addition to this, before Ave surrendered to Capt. 
Abrahams, who paroled us, we had telegraphed from Augusta, Ga., to Gen. Wil- 
son, at Macon, and he had instructed Capt. Abrahams to allow us to keep oar 
horses. But all this failed. This bigoted Provost-marshal (Lieut. Sargent in- 
sisted that he had orders from Gen. Thomas to take the horses — which proved t • 
be false, as he had no such orders— and Gen. Judah was too much engaged in his 
game of cards to give us any attention; hence we were compelled to submit to see- 
ing the horses taken from all the private soldiers, which was downright robbery. 
Lieut. Sargent was told that if we had our arms back he would get the horses and 
arms together after we were overpowered, and not before. After the horses were 
taken we marched for our homes, this same Provost-marshal with a guard taking 
his stand on the bridge and inspecting every parole. We were greatly humiliated 
at the bad treatment we had received after reaching our own State, both at Cleve- 
land and Chattanooga. As soon as we could we sent an application to Gen. 
Thomas, at Nashville, to have the horses returned, which order he promptly 
granted, and we sent a detachment back to Chattanooga for the horses. The 
Quartermaster in charge had put them in dry lots, without food or water, and sev- 
eral had died, while many were so poor they could scarcely walk, and several of 
the best were seen in the possession of L'nited States officers, branded ' ; U. S., v an I 
they of course refused to deliver them up. So the Eighth Tennessee lost one 
hundred and eight horses, thus wrongfully taken from our destitute soldiers, who 
were returning to their desolated homes after three and a half years hard service. 
The gallant boys of the Eighth bore these insults and indignities like heroes, an 1 
struck out across Cumberland Mountain and Waldeti's Ridge for their homes on 
foot. Many of them were cheerful, and would give the cavalry commands as 
they tramped overland. As they neared their homes they were met by anxious 
friends, who received them with loads of provisions and many congratulations for 
their safe return. 

Fie it said to their credit that nearly every soldier of the Eighth Tennessee 
Cavalry Avho served to the close of the war has made a good and prosperous i iti- 
zen. They suffered immense hardships, were driven from pillar to post under 
many regimental commanders, with many local troubles to encounter; but when 
the bugle sounded the call to arms they never faltered, and always did theirduty. 
They were always loud in their praises of the treatment received at the hands of 
citizeus of the vicinity when camped at Rains's lot, who gave them provisions, 
clothing, blankets, etc. 

When the regiment was mustered at Murfreesboro by Col. Charles Carroll i; 
wsis the Eighth Regiment of Tennessee Cavalry, and it bore that name thereufier. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 0' 



Col. Carroll was captured before sending oft' his muster, and when received at 
Richmond the regiment was numbered the Thirteenth; but we never recognized 

that number, and it was not so known in the army. 

During the three and a half years active service of this regiment there were 
many actions of heroism, bravery, suflering, and hardships endured by the officers 
and soldiers which probably ought to be mentioned; but the writer of this unfort- 
unately got his notes and diary kept during the war misplaced, and has been 
compelled to rely principally upon memory, and has labored under great disad- 
vantages in compiling this short history of this gallant regiment. Another diffi- 
culty was that soon after the regiment was organized the Colonel was placed in 
command of a brigade, and of course cannot give as clear a historv of the regi- 
ment as if he had been in immediate command of it. But the writer feels war- 
ranted in saying that he has tried to give a fair and impartial historv of the reg- 
iment, without intending to do injustice to any one, or to give undue prominence 
to any; and he feels assured that no soldier will ever be ashamed of having been 
a member of the Eighth Regiment Tennessee Cavalry. 



Roster of the Regiment. 

Field ani> Staff. 

Colonel, George G. Dibrell. Elected Sept. 4, 1802. Promoted to Brigadier-general Julv 26, 
1864. 

Mounce L. Gore, Captain of Co. G, was promoted to Colonel the last of March, LS65. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Ferdinand H. Dougherty. Elected Sept. 4, 1S62. Captured at home in 
1864, and exchanged the last of March, 1865. 

Major, Jeffrey E. Forrest. Appointed Nov. 12, 1SG2, and resigned in the fall of 1863, having 
been elected Colonel or' an Alabama regiment. 

William P. Chapin, First Lieutenant of Co. E, was promoted to Major the last of March, 1863. 
He. had been on brigade Staff duty since 1SC3. 

Adjutant, M. D. Smallman. Appointed Sept. 4, 1S6'2. Captured February, 1SG4, and held uu- 
til the war ended. 

William H. Simpson was acting Adjutant daring Smallman's absence. 

Quartermaster, Capt. Andrew C. Dale. Appointed Sept. 4, 1862. Resigned in 1863, and goin'-' 
into ranks, was elected Lieutenant. 

Jot) M. Morgan was assigned as Quartermaster in 1863. 

Commissary, Jasper N. Bailey. Appointed Oct. 8. 1SG3. The office was afterward abolished, 
and he then acted on the brigade staff to the close of the war. 

Assistant Surgeon, James H. Snodgrass. Appointed Oct. 8, ]St'2. Resigned Dec. 1G, 1862. 

William H. M^Cord was appointed Assistant Surgeon Dec. 1G, 1S62. 

Sergeant-major, John M. Young. 

Ordnance Officer, Henry Close. 

Company A. 

Captain, W. W. Windle. Resigned July 15, 1S63. 

First Lieutenant. T. M. Oakley. Left the regiment October, 1863. 

Second Lieutenant, B. P. Christian. Returned to the infantry Nov. 1, 18G3. 

Second Lieutenant, A. L. Windle. Captured and held prisoner. 

In 1SG4 this company was consolidated with Capt. George W.Carter's company as Co A. Car- 
ter was killed at Saltville, Va., Oct. 2, 1864. 

O. I. York, First Lieutenant, was promoted to Captain after Carters death. 

The company then stood: Captain, O. I.York; First Lieutenant, A. L. Windle; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Wm. North; Second Lieutenant, Jo. A. Dibrell. 

Company B. 
Captain, Hamilton McGinnis. Badly wounded at Mossy Creek. 



680 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



First Lieutenant, T. C. Webb. A. C. Dale elected to succeed. 
Second Lieutenant. A. G. Parker. 
Second Lieutenant, L. W. Maynard. 

Company C. 



Captain, Isaac G. Woolsey Wounded at Chickamauga, and resigned. 
First Lieutenant, William C. Wood. Captured, and died in prison June 25, 18G4. 
Second Lieutenant, J. D. Smith. Left in Tennessee August, 1863. Did not return Afterward. 
Second Lieutenant, A. J. Lacey. Resigned August 15, 1SG3. 

Second Lieutenant, J. W. Peudergrass. Appointed Sept. 1, 1864. and killed at Waynesboro. 
Ga., Dec. 4, 1864. 
Second Lieutenant, C. J. Davis. Appointed Sept. 1. 1804, and promoted to Captain. 
Second Lieutenant, A. A. Reagan. Appointed Sept. 1, 1804. 

Company D. 
Captain, Jefferson Leftwieh. 

First Lieutenant, James W. Reavis. Captured, and held until the surrender. 
Second Lieutenant, Wm. R. Hill. 

Second Lieutenant, M. C. Lowry. Resigned in 1SG3, and made sutler. 
Second Lieutenant, W. L. Dibrell. Transferred from the Twenty-fifth Infantry. 

Company E. 
Captain, John S. Roberts. Left in Tennessee in August, 1SG3, and Granville H. Swope was 
appointed Captain Sept. 1. 1864. 

First Lieutenant, Wm. P. Chnpin. Appointed Inspector-general on the brigade staff, arid 
Major of the regiment the last of March, 1865. 
Second Lieutenant, Jesse Allen. Resigned January, 1864. 
Second Lieutenant, Lloyd W. Chapin. Transferred to Co. G May 10, 1864. 
J. L. Goodbar was appointed Second Lieutenant Sept. 1, 1864. 
| John Riley was appointed Second Lieutenant Sept. 1, 1S04. 

Company F. 
I Captain, Joseph H. Rilbrey. 

First LieutenaDt, Jefferson Bilbrey. Wounded Nov. 4, 1SG2, and resigned September, 1S63. 
Second Lieutenant, J. H. Horner. Captured. 
Second Lieutenant, Alfred Barlow. Resigned May 15, 1863. 

John H. Webb was appointed Second Lieutenant June 10, 1803, and killed at Saltville, Va., 
Oct. 2,1864. 
Thomas C. "Webb was appointed Second Lieutenant after his brother's death. 

Company G. 
Captain, Mounce L. Gore. Appointed Colonel March, 1S65. 
First Lieutenant, William A. Beck. Captured. 
Second Lieutenant, W. G. Rose. Left in Tennessee August, 1863. 

Second Lieutenant, N. C. Bybee. Resigned July 15, 18G3, and L W. Chapin, Second Lieuten- 
ant Co. E, transferred to this company. 

Company H. 

■ 

Captain, J. M. Barnes. Detailed as Major and division ordnance officer. 

First Lieutenant, John Hill. 

Second Lieutenant, Joseph D. Bartlett 

Second Lieutenant, John S. Rhea. 

Company I. 
Captain, James W. McReynolds. 

First Lieutenant, William C. Warren. Sent back for absentees, and never returned. 
Second Lieutenant, J. W. Walker. Raised part of another company in 1864. 
Second Lieutenant, Simon D. Wallace. 

Company K. 
Captain, Bryan M. Swearingen. Resigned in 1864. 
First Lieutenant, Je.-se B. Beck. Captured Aug. 0, 18G3. 

Second Lieutenant, Elijah W.Terry. Commanded the company the last eighteen months. 
Second Lieutenant, William Draper. Left the regiment Aug. 27, 1864. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. CS1 

Company L. 
This company was only partially organ i and, and reported to the Eighth Tennessee at 
Sparta July, 1863. It remained with the regiment until Jan. 23, 1SG4. 
Captain, James M. Barton. 
First Lieutenant, Mack Shores. 
Second Lieutenant. - — Moore. 
Second Lieutenant, Maudleburne. Killed August, 18G3. 



Official."] Eighth Tennessee Cavalry.* 

Colonel, G. G. DibreH. 

COMPANY A. 

Captain, \Y. W. Windle. 

Carter, Capt. G. W, k. at Saltville, Va. 

COMPANY B. 

Captain, Hamilton McGhrais. 

Goggin, \Vm. H., k. in action Sept. 4, 1S62, his 

horse being k. at the same moment. 
Sill, H. J., k. in action at Saltville, Va., Oct. 2, 
1864. 



Davis, S. B., d. in prifon, April 2, 18G4. 
Smith, \V. R„ d. at Mount Airy, N. C, June 3, 
1864. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, Isaac G. Woolsey. 
McDuffey, E. J.,d. Aug. 31, 1862. 1 Pendergrass, J. W., k. near Waynesboro, Ga., 

Wood, Capt. W. C, d. in prison June 15, 1864. J Dec. 4, 18G4. 

COMPANY D. 
Captain, Jeft'erson Leftwich. 

COMPANY E. 

Captain, John S. Roberts. 

Bobbins, George W., k. at Saltvilie, Oct. 2, 1S64, 

COMPANY F. 

Captain, Joseph H. Bilbrey. 

COMPANY G. 

Captain, Mounoe L. Gore. 

COMPANY H. 

Captain, Jame* M. Barnes. 

Hickman, Anthony L., d. Nov. 9, 1864. 

COMPANY I. 

Captain, J. William McReynolds. 

Sparkman, M. B., d. July 19, 18G3. I Surham, Richard, k. at Saltville, Va., Oct. 2, 1864. 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, B. M. Swearingen, 



Official] 



NINTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

(WARD'S.) 

Colonel, James D. Bennett. 

COMPANY A. 

Captain, M. Grirnn. 

Buchanan, Frank, k. inaction at Hartsville, Dec. 7, 1802. 



» The oSk-ers of chis regiment are tbe same as those of Che Thirteeuth. 



6S*2 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



COMPANY B. 

Captain, W. P. Simmons. 

Simmons, Capt. W. P., d. Jan. 20, 18G3. 

COMPANY C. 

Captain, John T. Kirkpatnck. 

COMPANY D. 

Captain, Adolphus B. Cates. 

Wilson, John A., k. at Hammondsville, Ky., Dec. 25, 1862. 

COMPANY E. 

Captain, A. E. Bell. 

■ COMPANY F. 

Captain, Charles E. Cossitt. 

COMPANY G. 

Captain, John W. Wiseman. 
j 

Note. — Other company rolls of this regiment are not on file. 



From ForresCs Campaigns. 

NINTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY (BIFFLE'S.) 

Field and Staff Officers. 
J. B. Biffle, Colonel; A. G. Cooper, Lieutenant-colonel; Roderick Perry, Adjutant; Hfnry 
Long, Surgeon; Wra. JL Irwin, Assistant Quartermaster; W. S. Johnston, Assistant Commis- 
sary Subsistence. 

Company: Officers. 

Co. A: J. J. BifTie; Captain: John W. Hill, First Lieutenant; Gip Wells, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. B: James Reynolds, Captain; Littleton, First Lieutenant. 

Co. C: C. F. Barnes, Captain; Thomas Helmick, First Lieutenant; P. Brovrnlow, Second 
Lieutenant. 

Co. L>: Lewis M. Kirk, Captain; May, First Lieutenant. 

Co. E: Gideon S. Adkisson, Captain; James Leftwich, First Lieutenant; J. Pigg and Pap 
Nichols, Second Lieutenants. 

Co. F: J. W.Johnson, Captain; J. P. Montague, First Lieutenant; B. S. Hardin and John 
Johnson, Second Lieutenants. 

Co. G: John S. Groves, Captain; D. B. Cooper, First Lieutenant; Robert Harris and Jacob 
Armstrong, Second Lieutenants. 

Co. H: Thomas H. Beatty, Captain; Dent Pennington, First Lieutenant; J. Davis and Mai 
]X Cooper, Second Lieutenants. 

Co. I: Frank Smith, Captain; B. F. Burkitt, First Lieutenant. 

Co. K: R. L. Ford, Captain; Thomas Hargroves, First Lieutenant; John Hicks, Second 
Lieutenant. 

Co. L: Robert Sharp, Captain; Ed. Cannon, First Lieutenant; Robert Clark, Second Lieu- 
tenant. 



TENTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

By John Minor, Clarksville, Tenn. 

Ox the 25th day of August, 1862, five companies rendezvoused at Waver! v, 
Tenn., and formed a battalion with T. H. Napier Lieutenant-colonel. The battal- 
ion at once crossed the Tennessee River and joined Gen. Forrest at Middl 
It met the enemy for the first time at Parkers Cross-roads (or Red Mound), :ir_ 1 
in a charge on the enemy, concealed behind a rail fence, lost Col. Napier and 
Lieut. Jack . Nesbitt, of Co. E— killed. Capt. Demoss, being the senior, to -k com- 
mand. A heavy force of infantry coming up on Forrest's rear, he was compelled 



Regimental Histories and BISmobial Rules. 



to quit the field after whipping those in his front. Falling buck, we crossed the 
Tennessee River at Clifton. 

After a few days rest, the command was ordered on a scout down the Cumber- 
land River in the direction of Clarksville. The weather turned so colif that it 
broke up the expedition, and Gen. Forrest returned to Columbia, leaving Xapiers 
battalion and a detachment of Wheeler's command under Col. Holman. Near 
Betsy's Town this command captured and burned one transport loaded with army 
supplies. Gen. Wheeler appeared on the scene in a few days with his own and 
the remainder of Forrest's command, and the whole force, under Gen. Wheeler, 
moved on Fort Donelson. The attack was made about 3 o'clock in the evening 
and lasted until dark, Gen. Wheeler withdrawing after night-fall. Lieut. Robin- 
son (Co. A), Lieut. Flobbs (Co. 0), and Capt. Alexander (Co. E) were wounded. 
I am unable to give the names of others who fell in this engagement. Retracing 
our steps, the command repaired to Columbia, where it was consolidated with Cox's 
battalion, forming the Tenth Regiment Tennessee Cavalry, with the following 
officers: X. X. Cox, Colonel; T. B. Trezevant, Lieutenant-colonel; W. E. Demoss, 
Major; PI A. Spotswood, Adjutant; D. H. White, Quartermaster; J. X. Riekman, 
Commissary; Julius Johnson, Surgeon. Co. A, W. J. Hall, Captain; Co. B, W. 
II. Lewis, Captain; Co. C, W. II. Whitewell, Captain; Co. D, W. J. Robinson. 
Captain; Co. E, John Minor, Captain; Co. F, W. W. Hobbs, Captain; Co. G, T. 
S. Easley, Captain; Co. II, B. G. Riekman, Captain; Co. I, Thos. Fletcher, Cap- 
tain; Co. K, Thos. M. Hutchinson, Captain. 

The regiment was immediately thrown across Duck River to meet the enemy 
advancing from Franklin. At Thompson's Station we had a sharp fight, captur- 
ing most of the enemy, and chasing the remainder into Franklin. Lieut.-ci<l 
Trezevant fell mortally wounded here, and died a few days after. The command 
again passed into Maj. Demoss's hands. The regiment went through a series of 
scouts and skirmishes, including the dash on Brentwood, in which Lieut. Andrew 
KesMtt was killed while gallantly leading his company (E). In withdrawing 
with the prisoners captured at Brentwood the Tenth was thrown *ut as rear-guard, 
and had a sharp fight with Stoneman's command. 

About the 1st of April the regiment ^as ordered to North Alabama and put 
under command of Col. Jeff. Forrest. W. E. L>emoss was made Lieutenant-col- 
onel and John Minor Major. The regiment was gone on the trip two months, 
doing some hard marching and scouting. Gen. Forrest captured the notorious 
Sireight expedition on this trip. Col. Dibrell was left witli his own and the Tenth 
regiment to make demonstrations against Corinth while Gen. Forrest was follow- 
ing Streight. 

Returning to Middle Tennessee, Col. Cox, in the meantime having been ex- 
changed, took command of the regiment. We commenced moving to threaten 
and harass the right of Rosccrans's army, then advancing on Gen. Bragg, at Tulla- 
homa. Our regiment reached Tullahoma, after several days of hard marching, 
in bad condition— broken down and foot-sore horses and hungry men. The com- 
mand was placed on picket on the Manchester pike, where it picketed and skir- 
mished for some time. Col. Starnes, our brigade commander, was killed here 
while riding along the picket line — a noble, brave soldier, and very popular with 
his command. The Tenth was ordered to blockade the road up the mountain on 
Gen. Bragg s left flank, which it did, aud retired to the rear of the retreating 



684 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



army and brought up the roar-guard, the men living on Irish potatoes and the 
horses on mountain grass. The command had several weeks' rest alter crossing 
the Tennessee River and reaching Chattanooga. 

On the 18th of September cavalry skirmishing commenced near Lee and Gor- 
don's mill, and in a short time the great battle of Chickamauga was opened. We 
were kept on the right flank of the army, picketing and skirmishing until the 
enemy were routed, when we were thrown in front and pushed close after his re- 
tiring columns to Lookout Mountain, where the regiment advanced close to a 
masked battery, losing two men killed with one shot from a cannon. These men 
were brothers named Cooke, and were from Montgomery county. No better sol- 
diers ever fell. The regiment was left here on picket one night, when it was re- 
leased by infantry, and advanced up the East Tennessee Valley toward Cleveland. 
"We were here transferred from Forrest's to Wheeler's command, and moved on 
Philadelphia, Tenn., capturing all the enemy's artillery- wagons, camp equipage, 
and about five hundred prisoners. The Tenth charged into the town, capturing 
most of the prisoners. 

After a short rest, we were thrown across the Little Tennessee River, and moved 
on Maryville, capturing some prisoners and driving the enemy before us to within 
three miles of Knoxville, which was invested by Gen. Longstreet's command. 
The cavalry was kept in line of battle for a week, suffering very much from cold. 
Our regiment, together with the whole cavalry, was thrown out toward Cumber- 
land Gap to meet a force moving on Longstreet's rear. We met the enemy and 
drove him back to Lone Gap, where we had a sharp fight. Col. Dibrell was 
wounded, and his Adjutant, Capt. Dickson Allison, was killed. Gen. Longstreet 
raised the siege, and our command was kept in his rear in withdrawing his infan- 
try, constantly picketing and skirmishing. At Mossy Creek the command had a 
sharp fight, losing Lieuts. McCauley and Summers — killed. 

After spending the long winter days picketing and fighting in the mountains of 
East Tennessee (on the 23d of February the snow was eleven and a half inches 
deep), about the 2Sth of March the command turned their backs on East Tennes- 
see, and, marching through North and South Carolina and Georgia, joined Gen. 
Johnston's army at Dalton, where we did picket and scout duty until the army 
commenced falling back. 

DibrelVs brigade did constant duty in Johnston's rear, picketing and skirmish- 
ing with the enemy as it fell back toward Resaca. Lieut.-eol. Demoss was capt- 
ured in a night attack on our rear. At Resaca the regiment was on the extreme 
right of the army, moving with the infantry to make an attack. It suddenly 
came upon a battery, which threw the regiment into some confusion. Private 
Ship was killed. Tire regiment was soon rallied, but the infantry did not ad- 
vance farther, and the cavalry was recalled. Kept constantly on duty while the 
army was at Resaca. Helped to cover the retreat toward Atlanta. Three men 
killed in the skirmishes of the last few days (sorry I cannot give names). At 
New Hope Church the regiment was kept in the ditches in line of battle day and 
night for some time. 

In crossing the Chattahooche River the regiment had a sharp fight in bringing 
up the rear. We fought from behind rail fortifications, losing but few men. We 
crossed on a pontoon bridge, cutting it loose as the last man crossed. 
Lieut. Townsend was killed in withdrawing across Peach-tree Cree';. 






ItEGLMENTAL HlJSTOlilES and Memorial Bolls. 6S-J 



Gen. "Wheeler made a raid on Sherman's rear, tapping the railroad at Cassville, 

capturing two hundred wagons, one hundred prisoners, and quantities of sutlers' 
stores, etc. The Tenth did its part in this raid, and came out somewhat refreshed 
by getting some good coffee and oysters. At night, while we were withdrawing, 
the regiment was caught in a thunder-storm. It was very dark — in fact, you 
could not see your hand before you. The horses became frightened, and some of 
them refused to move and began to neigh, the men calling out, ''Where is the 
column?" "Where is the road?" When we could go no farther we bivouacked 
on the road-side. We returned safely next day to the army, and lay in the ditchts 
several days to the right of the infantry. 

After the army readied Atlanta, the Tenth,, with Wheeler's command, was or- 
dered to the rear of Sherman. Moving promptly, we struck the railroad at Pal- 
ton, capturing a stockade with fifty prisoners, several mules, wagons, etc., and de- 
stroying miles of railroad. "We left Chattanooga to our left, and going up the 
East Tennessee Valley, passed Athens, Philadelphia, Loudon, Louisville. Mary- 
ville, and Knoxville, marching day and night, crossing Cumberland Mountains. 
After crossing the mountains we moved in the direction of Murfreesboro, passing 
around Murfreesboro, striking the railroad at Smyrna, burning some cars and sup- 
plying the men with rations from captured sutlers' stores. Moving on toward 
Nashville, after tearing up miles of railroad, we turned across the country toward 
Franklin. At Thompson's Station we had a sharp right. While the command was 
engaged in tearing up the railroad the enemy drove in our pickets. Gen. Kelly 
moved at once to meet him, and while both commands were making for a gap in 
a high range of hills the enemy drove our pickets through the gap and beat us to 
it. Gen. Kelly and the head of his column were close to this gap when he was 
opened upon, causing considerable confusion. Gen. Kelly was killed here while 
rallying the command. The writer was near him when he fell. Dismounting, I 
helped him up, but found he could not walk, and ordered a man to dismount an 1 
help bear him from the held. As I dismounted my horse was killed. The com- 
mand was rallied, and two pieces of artillery put in position, which checked the 
advance. Moving on back in the direction of Columbia, the command continued 
to burn and destroy the railroad. 

Near Mount Pleasant the Ninth and Tenth regiments were turned loose, with 
orders for all the men who could to go to their homes and recruit and report for 
duty as soon as possible. After a few days the men crossed the Tennessee River 
and met at or near Milan. Moved through West Tennessee, and reported to Gen. 
Forrest at Corinth, who ordered us to report to the commanding officer at Aber- 
deen, Miss. Passing on through Mississippi and Alabama, we joined Gen. Hood .-> 
army at Florence. Crossing the Tennessee River at Florence, we moved with the 
army into Middle Tennessee. Reaching Columbia, we were ordered around that 
place, and crossing Duck River by swimming the horses, we were thrown on the 
left flank and in the rear of the Federal army, then near Columbia. The next 
night the Federal army passed us on the pike, moving toward Franklin. We did 
not attack them. Why we did not is not known. We were kept close on the 
Federal rear, and took part in the light at Franklin, Wing six men. Private Kit 
Northington is the only name I can recollect. The enemy evacuating Franklin, 
we followed up his rear to within a few miles oi Nashville, where we stood picket 
and skirmished several daws. 



r, 

686 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

■ _ 

After the army had been investing Nashville for some time, about the l'Jth of 
December the writer was ordered to take a portion of his command to Dickson, 
Humphreys, and Montgomery counties, and recruit all he could and to collect the 
army .supplies the Federal army had left at Johnsonville, and carry them to the 
armv near Nashville. Before these orders could be executed Gen. Hood was 
driven back, and this portion of the Tenth Regiment had to cross the Tennessee 
River at the mouth of Duck Kiver, and reported to Gen. Forrest at Corinth. A 
part of the regiment, under Capt. Easier, was left with the army, and took part in 
that memorable retreat from Nashville across the Tennessee Kiver at Florence. 

Gen. Forrest ordered the regiment to report to lien. Chalmers, at Rienzi, Miss. 

The Tenth and Eleventh regiments were consolidated, D. W. Holman Colo- 
nel commanding. After a lone series of picketing and scouting duty we were put 
in motion to intercept Gen. Wilsons command, then moving on Selma. High 
water and destruction of bridges prevented our command (Jackson's division | 
reaching the scene of "the principal conflict, so Gen. Forrest thus lost the servicer 
of the grand old division. 

Selma fell, and the rest is soon told. In a short time we were surrendered at 
Gainesville, Ala. Old battle-scarred soldiers saw the flag that they had so long 
fought for go down — down in the smoke of defeat, but not of disgrace. 

List of Killed. 
Lieut.-col. T. A. Napier, at Parker's Cross-roads, December 31, 1SG2; Lieut.-ewl. 
E. B. Trezevant, at Thompson's Station; Lieut. Andrew Nesbitt (Co. E), at Park- 
er's Cross-roads, December 31, 1S62; Lieut. Jack Nesbitt (Co. E), at Brentwood; 
Lieut. W. G. McCauley (Co. G), at Seviersville, East Tennessee; Lieut. B. E. Sum- 
mers (Co. I), at Cannon's Ford, East Tennessee; Lieut. J. W. Townsend (Co. A ', 
near Atlanta, Ga., July 15, 1864; Lieut. J. Utley (Co. K), drowned while cr.>- 
ing Holston Kiver; Lieut. \V. A. Cude (Co. H), at Cassville, Ga., May 19, 1So4; 
Capt. Thomas Fletcher (Co. K), died from sickness, July, 1863; private Kit 
Northington (Co, D), at Franklin, November 30, 1864; private Thomas Cooke 

(Co. E). at Lookout Mountain; private Cooke (Co. E), at Lookout Mountain: 

private Ship (Co. G), at Resaca; private Ellis (Co. E), died in hos- 
pital, 1S63. 

Tenth Tennessee Cavalry. 

By N. N. Cox, Franklin, Tenn. 

Shortly after the battle of Shiloh the time for which many of the Tennessee 
soldiers had enlisted expired, and they were appealed to to enlist again. This 
they did, and the battalions of Tennessee cavalry were mostly organized into 
regiments by the consolidation of the dirferent small commands. Each battalion 
under the rirst organization having generally two field officers — Lieutenant-colonel 
and Major — produced a surplus of old officers, and many of them were authorized 
to enlist new commands. Lieut.-col. Bitfle and Maj. N. N. Cox, of the second ol I 
battalion of cavalry, being in the number authorized to organize new com man is, 
each proceeded to his work in different portions of the State as soon as it was : . ~ 
sii le. From the comities of Hickman, Perry, and others, Major Cox organized a 
battalion of cavalry, and was for some time assigned to duty to observe and watch 






Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



GS7 






the Tennessee River between the month of Duck River and Savannah, stop all 
transportation of the enemy, and especially to prevent the cotton being shipped 
down the river; also to cross the river where practieable and indict what damage 
he could on the enemy then occupying West Tennessee. 

"While in this service quite a number of skirmishes and fights were had with 
the P'ederals, the most important of which was the capture of an entire Illinois 
company posted at Henderson Station, on the Mobile and Ohio railroad, and 
the destruction of a large amount of army stores at that place. About the same 
time this service was being performed Alonzo Napier organized another battalion 
lower down the river, from the counties of Humphreys, Dixon, and others. Much 
valuable service was done by this command, and one of the most remarkable feats 
was performed by this gallant officer at the mouth of Duck River. At its mouth 
Duck River throws out quite a bar, which very much obstructs navigation when 
the water is low. Three transports of the Federals became impeded at this point, 
and Col. Xapier not only performed the act of charging with cavalry the boots 
in the river, but captured them; and from them, besides all a soldier wants, he got 
two small pieces of artillery. These he afterward used in the destruction of steam- 
boats and unprotected crafts attempting to reach the cotton up the river. 

It will be remembered that in the latter part of 1862 Gen. Grant was trying to 
reach Vieksburg through by Oxford and what was then called the land route. 
Tlie great raid in his rear was organized — Gen. Van Dorn to operate on the line 
of the Mississippi Central between the forces of the Federals and Jackson, West 
Tenn.; Gen. Forrest to operate north of Jackson and in the direction of Colum- 
bus. Gen. Forrest started from near Columbia, Tenn., with the Fourth Tennes>ee 
Cavalry, commanded by Col. Starnes; the Eighth Regiment, commanded by Col. 
I)ibrell; the Ninth, commanded by Col. Riffle; the Fourth Alabama, commanded 
by Col. Russell; Freeman's battery, under Capt. Morton; a small squadron, under 
Capt. Gurley; and a company under Capt. William Forrest. Prior to his leaving 
Columbia orders had been sent to Major Cox to make arrangements to cross the 
river and select the easiest place for crossing, keeping every thing as private as 
possible. Col. Kapler was ordered to join the command. The place of crossing 
was at and just below Clifton, in AVayne county. Gen. Forrest himself crossed 
at Clifton. A portion of the command swam the river just below at a place where 
it is divided by two islands, called Double Islands. 

On the night of the 15th of December, 1S62, the command had crossed, and 
camped about ten miles west of the river, in the direction of Lexington. The 
first contest was at Lexington, in which the entire Federal force was captured. 
These troops were commanded by the now notorious Bob In^ersoll. The march 
was ordered in the direction of Jackson, and when near that place Mai. Cox, with 
his battalion, was ordered to strike the railroad south of Jackson and destroy it 
as best he could. This battalion worked all that night, and rejoined the eon • 
mand at Spring Creek. The other regiments were all busy on the road north of 
Jackson. It was just at this time an incident occurred at Trenton, the true ac- 
count of which the writer has never seen published. Major Cox was ordered to 
Trenton to destroy any trestles or bridges he could on the railroad, and started in 
that direction. When witiiin some three miles of the place information was ob- 
tained that there was a force of near eight hundred at the depot, and that they 
were behind cotton-bales laid on the platform which surrounded the depot br.iid- 



688 Military Annals of Tennessee. 






ing. A courier was sent to the General with this information. Major Cox h i i 
about two hundred men. On receiving the news, Gen. Forrest rode up to the 
front of Cox's command, and Capt. William Forrest, with his company, fell i:: 
its rear. The writer of this was riding by his side. He made no inquiry «.•:* any 
importance about the information, bat ordered the command forward. By the 
time they readied the outskirts of Trenton the command was in full gallop. The 
ladies of Trenton, by waving their handkerchiefs, gave the direction of the depot. 
Down the street they went until the depot was in plain view, with the guns 
the Federals pointing over the bales of cotton. A company, or part of a com- 
pany, were on the top of a flat-roofed house, and poured a heavy rire into the , L- 
umn. The charge was made almost up to the cotton-bales, but the Federals dred 
volley after volley over the heads of the Confederates with but little injury. This 
charge was made with Cox's battalion and the General's escort. When near the 
cotton-bales, the order was given to fall back in rear of some buildings. This be- 
ing done, Major Cox was ordered to get command of a road running west so - - I 
prevent an escape. He had hardly got in position before a piece of Forres: > ar- 
tillery opened on the enemy. This piece was at the time under the immediate 
command of Lieut. Ed. Douglass. The first shot struck the corral where their 
horses were confined. The next struck the depot building. The white nag :" .- 
lowed. Col. Fry was the Federal officer in command, and with him was CoL Ike 
Hawkins and near eight hundred men. 

It would be occupying too much space to undertake to give any thing like a ie- 

tailed account of fights and skirmishes, destruction of the railroad almos: r. 

. . . . 

lumbus, Ky., and many interesting incidents of that campaign. If ever ther-r * _s 

a perfect performance of duty in a command by men and officers it was in ~. i- 

trying raid. Suffice it to say that, after all had been done that could be done. • -r~. 

r Forrest headed his command for the Tennessee River, where the unfortunate be > 

tie of Parkers Cross-roads occurred. In that light Col. Napier was killed. _^i 
Adjutant-general J. P. Strange, Maj. Cox, and other officers, were capture! 
gether with about three hundred men. 

After Gen. Forrest crossed back into Middle Tennessee Xapiers and Cor s fcai- 
talions were consolidated, and formed the Tenth Tennessee Cavalry, with tire f;~- 
lowing officers: X. N. Cox, Colonel; E. B. Trezevant, Lieutenant-colonel: VT. E. 
Demoss, Major; J. D. Easley, Adjutant; D. H. White, Quartermaster: J. >\ 

Eickman, Commissary; Julius Johnson, Surgeon; Hall, Assistant S..r_— s. 

After these battalions were consolidated and the regiment organized as ±j:~-z 
stated, it was in active service until the close of the war. 

I The regiment was engaged in the following important fights: Thompsons 5sat- 

tion, in which combat Lieut.-col. Trezevant was killed, Maj. Demoss being s 
promoted to Lieutenant-colonel and Capt. Minor to the position of Major; I '--.- : :- 
wood; 'Straight's raid; a number of skirmishes as the army fell back to 
tanooga; the battle of Chiekamauga; the fight at Philadelphia, in East Tennesaa: 
the fight at Knoxville; the fights at Franklin, Nashville, and all the prir; 
engagements which belonged to that army. It finally surrendered at Gaines* . - 
Ala., on the — day of May, 1865, under command of Gen. Di'orell. It is ir.-r-' 
impossible to give a list of the killed. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



G89 



From Gen. Joseph "Wheeler. 

The Tenth Tennessee Cavalry was organized at Columbia, Tenn., Feb. 25, 1363. 

List of officers killed or died of exposure or wounds, wounded in battle, promoted, trans- 



ferred, resigned, etc., during the war: 



Cox, N. N.. resigned Oct. 1, 1863. 
Demoss, William E. 



Colonels. 

i Napier, T. A., k. at Parker's Cross-roads, Dec. 

29, 1862. 



Lieutenant-colonels. 
Trezevant, E. B., k. in battle March 5, 1SS3. i Demoss, William E., promoted. 

Majors. 
Derao;j, William E., promoted. ! Minor, John, w. Aug. 28, 1S<M. 



Spots wood, E. A., transferred. 

Hale, W. J. 
Lewis* W. H. 

Whitewell, W. H., w. in battle. 
Robinson, W. J., w. in battle. 
Minor. John, promoted. 
Hobbs, W. W., w. in battle. 



Pace, John, resigned. 

Fisner, William. 

Craig, A. D., resigned. 

Edas, W. P. 

Nesbict, Andrew, k. in battle. 

Box, W. M., w. at Franklin, Sept., 1362 

Coode, W. H., k. in battle. 



Adj utants. 

I Easley, James D. 

Captains. 

Easley, Thomas S. 
Rickman, B. G. 

Fletcher, Thomas, d. July, 1S63. 
Hutchison, Thomas M. 
Aden, Clinton. 

FiasT Lieutenants. 

Aden, Clinton, promoted. 

Utley, J., drowned crossing the Tennessee 

River. 
Williams, Jas. B. 
Chapman, W. O. 

MeCauley, J. A., k. in the battle of Blanch Sill, 
Jan. 27, 1S64. 



Second Lieutenants 



Lonsend, J. W., k. in battle. 

Randall, J. M. 

Whitewell, Thomas. 

Horner, John. 

Lewis, Thomas F. 

Phipps, W. S. 

Wragg, W. A. 

Williams, James B. 

Nesbitt, James, k. at Parker's Cross-roads. 

Hobbs, Jesse T n w.twice. 



Summers, Chas. E. 

Hall, J. M. 

Frazier, W. J. 

Sheppard, E. H. 

Land, J. D. 

Summers, B. E., k. in battle. 

Dotson, , w. 

Chapman, W. O., promoted. 
Penick, J. O. 



Official.'] 



Tenth Tennessee Cavalry. 
Colonel, N. N. Cox. 

COMPANY A. 

Captain, S. D. H. Whitfield. 

Whitfield, G. M., d. May 5, 1*63. 

COMPANY B. 

Captain, W. H. Lewis. 

Lewis, Robert L., d. June 12, 1S6.-:, in Perry county, Tenn. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, W. H. Whitewell. 
Lain, W. W., d. March 12, 1863. | Good in, Jesse, d. March 2, 18G3. 

BnrhAm. Thomas N., d. March 20, 1S63. j Morrison. David, d. March 27, 1863. 

44 



690 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Collom, K. F., k. April 25, 1863. 
Hunt, T., d. June, 1S63. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain. W.J. Robinson. 

j Parker, G. t k. at Fort Donel&on, Feb. 3, li 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, John Minor. 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, W. W. Hobbs. 

COMPANY' G. 

Captain, T. S. Easley. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, B. G. Pickman. 
Campbell, Simeon, d. in hospital at Athens, Aug. 4, 1S63. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, T. L. Fletcher. 

COMPANY K. 

Captain, T. M. Hutchison. 

Cates, M. L., k. June 20, 1863. 



ELEVENTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY.' 

By Daniel Wilson' Holman, Favetteville, T&n*. 



Pursuant to orders issued by Gen. X. B. Forrest, at Colambin, Tenm, Febru- 
ary 20, 1S63, the Eleventh Tennessee Cavalry was formed by the consolidation of 
Douglass's and Holman's battalions of "partisan rangers," and the addition of the 
companies of Capt. Charles McDonald and Capt. Phil. T. Allyn — in all eleven com- 
panies. Both battalions were earnestly opposed to the consolidation. Having 
been enlisted as partisan rangers by authority of the "War Department, they desired 
to remain such. At the same time Gen. Forrest appointed his friend, Capt. James 
M. Edraondson, who had been a Captain of the infantry, to command the regiment. 
The entire held and staff were the appointment of Gen. Forrest. Much dissatis- 
faction arose among the officers and men. They believed they ought to be allowed 
a voice in the selection of their field officers. They regarded the arbitrary dispo- 
sition made of them as a flagrant violation of their rights. They protested, be- 
lieving that an investigation by the higher military authorities would vindicate 
their course. This action was regarded by Gen. Forrest as mutinous, for which 
he placed a number of the officers under arrest, ordering them into close connue- 
ment at Columbia, Tenn., where they remained several weeks, when Col. Holman 
procured their release from close confinement by an order from Gen. Earl Van 
Dora, commanding at Spring Hill, Tenn. 3€aj. D. C. Douglass, who had been 
captured at Middleton, Tenn., on the 31st of January, 1363, was a prisoner of war. 
Maj. D. "W. Holman, who on the 3d of February, 1S63, had been seriously 
wounded in the fight at Dover, Tenn., was reported by the army surgeons as per- 
haps mortally wounded; so that Gen. Forrest no doubt intended by his course to 

* This regiment was formed by the consolidation of Douglass's and Holman's battalions. 
See histories of these battalions at the en'J of this article. 









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Regimental Hlstouies and Memprial Bolls. 691 

give the regiment an immediate efficiency, not supposing that there would arise 
the fierce and determined opposition which it met from the command. No 
charges were ever preferred against the arrested officers, and they were released 
from arrest. So soon as Col. Hoiman was able to ride, though still quite lame, he 
returned to the regiment, which was encamped near Spring Hill. Col. Edmond- 
son at once procured a leave of absence, and shortly after resigned. Lieut. -col. 
Hoiman immediately assumed command, was afterward promoted to the Colonelcy, 
and remained its commanding officer till its surrender at Gainesville, Ala., May 
11, 1865. 

The Eleventh Tennessee Cavalry was assigned to Starnes's brigade, and took a 
conspicuous part in the fight at Thompson's Station, March 5, 1>>63, wherein the 
officers and men acquitted themselves in a degree highly creditable. Some cas- 
ualties to the regiment occurred in this action. Twenty-tT,o hundred Federals 
were captured. The regiment was engaged in a number of skirmishes with the 
enemy near College Grove and Triune, Tenn., from the 15th to the 24th of March, 
18d3; in the capture, on March 24th, of the Federal garrison at Brentwood of 
between seven hundred and eight hundred men; and in the tight at Franklin, 
Tenn., April 10, 1863. 

On the 23d of April, 1S63, Gen. Forrest received orders from Gen. Bragg to re- 
enforce Col. Roddy, who was being hard pressed by two Federal columns — one re- 
ported to be about ten thousand strong, under Gen. Dodge, the other about twen- 
ty-two hundred strong, under Col. A. D. Streigh:. The Eleventh Tennessee, un- 
der Col. Edmondson, was at once dispatched, and within two days made the junc- 
tion with Roddy, a few miles east of Tuscumbia, Ala. In connection with the 
efforts of Roddy, the Federal advance was held in check by the regiment till the 
arrival of Forrest with the main body of his troops. Col. Streight, with his com- 
mand of mounted infantry, having commenced his movement in the direction of 
Rome, Ga., was pursued by Forrest night and day through the mountains of Ala- 
bama, till the 3d of May, 1303, when Streight surrendered his entire command. 
In this expedition the regiment was engaged in a number of fights and skirmishes, 
and is mentioned by Gen. Forrest as having behaved well, and gained special dis- 
tinction in the fight at Sand Mountain, at which place it suffered severe lo<s. 
Among the wounded Avas Capt. Win. H. Forrest, who commanded Co. A. The 
men and horses, much fatigued, returned by easy marches to Spring Hill, Tenn.. 
and there rested, with the exception of performing the usual picket duty, till the 
7th of June, when, under Gen. Forrest, the regiment participated in another en- 
gagement at Franklin, Tenn., with a large force of the enemy under command of 
Gens. Morgan, Grainger, Baird, and Stanley. 

On the 20th of June another successful engagement was had with the Federals 
at Triune, Tenn., Col. Robert Johnson's regiment of Federal cavalry being driven 
back in this engagement. 

On the 25th of June, 1863, Gen. Forrest, who was in command of all the cav- 
alry on the Confederate left, received orders to move at once to Shelbyvilk-. The 
command moved promptly by way of Riggs's Cross-roads. On account of heavy 
rains and swollen waters the movement was somewhat retarded, and Gen. For- 
rest's forces failed to reach Shelbyville quite as soon as was anticipated by Gen. 
Wheeler. In the meantime the Federal forces had so vigorously pushed hack the 
Confederate cavalry under Wheeler, that Forrest, when reaching a point a few 



692 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



miles west of Shelbyville, crossed Duck River with his command, and hastened 
to join the main Confederate column at Tullahoma, Tenn., which he did on the 
28th of June. Capt. Martin^ of the Eleventh, had been sent with a detachment 
north of Shelbvville to observe the movements of the enemy, where he remained 
till lie received orders to withdraw and rejoin the regiment, which lie did at Tul- 
lahoma some three days after the command reached there. Being in fact cutoff 
by superior numbers of the enemy, much credit is due this officer for skill in suc- 
cessfully extricating his command. Roseerans was now pressing Bragg at all 
points with great vigor. The Federal cavalry and mounted infantry, largely in- 
creased, were unusually active and incisive. The Federal forces were now occu- 
pying Hillsboro, while their cavalry was menacing Tullahoma by way of the [Man- 
chester and Hillsboro roads. In the meantime Col. Wilder, with a brigade of 
mounted infantry, had been dispatched to the rear of Bragg's army at Deeherd to 
cut the railroad, and otherwise inflict damage. These rapid movements of the 
Federal troops necessiVited ceaseless activity on the part of the Confederate cav- 
alry. Col. Dibrell, with a detachment from his regiment (Eighth Tennessee Cav- 
alry), was dispatched toward Hillsboro and McMinnville to ascertain the designs 
of the enemy, while Col. Starnes, with the remainder of his brigade, including the 
Eleventh, mo red promptly on the Manchester road till he met the Federal ad- 
vance (Crittenden's corps) a few miles north-east of Tullahoma, where a sha-pp 
engagement took place, in which Col. Starnes was mortally wounded, June 30, 
1863. 

The command of Starnes's brigade devolved on Col. Holinan, of the Eleventh, 
till the return of Col. Dibrell, the senior officer of the brigade. The advance of 
the Federals was checked for the day. Bragg's entire army was now in full re- 
treat, and the Eleventh, as a part of'Starnes's (now Dibrell's) brigade, was em- 
ployed in protecting the retreating army across the Cumberland Mountains and 
the Tennessee River to Chattanooga, which point it reached about the 6th of July. 
The cavalry under Forrest remained at Chattanooga until July 24, when it moved 
in the direction of Kingston, Tenn. The Eleventh was ordered across the Ten- 
nessee Paver into Rhea and the adjoining counties to watch and report the move- 
ments of the enemy from Sequatchie Valley and other points north. The ene- 
my's cavalry repeatedly ventured across the mountains in some force. Several 
sharp skirmishes ensued, the enemy always retreating back to the vicinity of Plke- 
ville. It became necessary to ascertain in what force the Federals occupied Se- 
quatchie Valley, when Col. Holman, taking his regiment, made a thorough recon- 
noissance, crossing the mountains by one route and returning by another to elude 
the vigilance of the enemy. The disposition and force of the enemy were prompt- 
ly reported to Gen. Forrest, .who was at Kingston with the principal portion of 
his command. 

After some three or four weeks of this service, on the 30th of August the regi- 
ment was ordered to Kingston, Tenn. On reachhig Kingston, Col. Holman, with 
a detachment of one hundred men, was at once sent on an expedition to Wartburir, 
Tenn. Thetrip through the mountains was made by the aid of a guide. So quiet 
was the movement and unexpected the route that the enemy, who was in large 
force near Wartburg — some twelve thousand strong of all arms — and moving in 
the direction of De Ormond's Gap, had failed to perceive the presence of the detach- 
ment till, meeting Bird's cavalry brigade in the road, the detachment opened fire 



Begimental Histopjes and Memorial Eolls. G93 

on them. At the same time Perkins's company, under his gallant lead, charged 
the Federals, causing them to retreat in disorder. The position of the detach- 
ment was somewhat perilous at this juncture, there being only one route open for 
escape. The Federals, doubtless supposing this detachment of about one hun- 
dred men to be the advance-guard of a large Confederate force, made dispositions 
for a defensive fight, and while thus engaged the detachment, after taking obser- 
vations of the enemy's forces, made good its escape. Col. Ilolman hastened back 
to Kingston with the detachment to make report of the enemy's forces and move- 
ments. Before reaching Kingston he met Gen. Forrest at night on the road with 
his entire command, moving toward De Ormand's Gap. He at once reported 
what he had learned of the Federal forces and movements. Forrest quickened 
his movement toward the gap, but within an hour or two received orders from 
Gen. Eragg to move south of the river at Kingston. 

The regiment, with the remainder of the cavalry, except Scott's brigade, whiek 
was left to hold the bridge at Loudon, moved directly to the vicinity of Chatta- 
nooga. The Federal forces under Roseerans were now being thrown rapidly 
across the Tennessee River below and west of the city. On the 4th of September 
the Confederate forces evacuated Chattanooga, and moved to the vicinity of La 
Fayette, Ga. The two great armies were now engaged in maneuvering and skir- 
mishing till September 19, when the hard-fought battle of Chickamauga was com- 
menced. 

The Eleventh, with the remainder of Dibrell's brigade, had been kept very 
active. The various companies, under coiamand of their efficient company offi- 
cers, were from time to time placed on outpost duty, and were frequently called 
on to perform delicate and important missions. From Ringgold, Ga., Capt. Thos. 
F. Perkins, with his company, was ordered to pursue and capture the Federal 
mail-carriers. The mission was successfully performed. The mail-carriers were 
overtaken near Chattanooga, after a hot chase, and brought back with the mail to 
Ringgold. 

The Eleventh went into the battle of Chickamauga on the 19th of September, 
about 12 o'clock, at Jay's saw-mill, being at the time dismounted as infantry. It 
was a part of Dibrell's brigade, Armstrong's division, under Gen. Forrest. It 
participated in the hard fighting at that point till 6 o'clock in the evening, when 
Gen. Cleburne/ with his division of iufantry, charged and routed the enemy in 
his front. The Eleventh was posted on Cleburne's right Hank during the charge. 
The regiment suffered some casualties on the 19th, among which may be men- 
tioned private Wm. Ballantine, a gallant soldier of Rivers's company, who was 
killed by a cannon-bail. The regiment rested on the battle-field during the eight, 
and next morning at daylight was ordered forward toward the Federal left on a 
reconnoissance. It met no resisting force, though a number of prisoners were 
gathered up who had thrown away their guns and were greatly demoralized and 
discouraged by the fighting of the evening before. Returning to the command 
within two or three hours, the prisoners were turned over and report promptly 
made to the brigade commander of the enemy's demoralized condition. The ricrht 
wing of Bragg's army was commanded by Lieut.-gen. Polk, the left by Lieut.-gen. 
Longstreet. Forrest's two divisions occupied the extreme right of Polk's corps. 
It was understood on the e%'ening of the 20th that orders had been given by Gen. 
Bragg to Gen. Polk to make a vigorous and determined movement forward, and, 



694 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

by following up the advantage gained the evening before, achieve a signal victory 
and cut off the enemy's retreat to Chattanooga. No orders to move were received 
till about ten o'clock A.>r. Soon after moving the fighting commenced, and lasted 
all day, with some intervals of cessation. The left wing of Bragg's army had 
been victorious with heavy loss. The right had not more than maintained its po- 
sition till late in the evening when the Federal left gave way. 

Early on the morning of the 21st Forrest was in pursuit of the enemy with his 
entire command. Dibrell's brigade captured several hundred prisoners. From 
the top of Missionary Kidge the Federal troops, in great disorder and confusion, 
could be seen retreating into Chattanooga. The movements of the cavalry were 
not seconded by the infantry; and to the cavalry the slow movements of the in- 
fantry and Gen. Bragg s failure to press the broken and disordered columns of 
the Federal forces were strange and unaccountable. It was the one theme of com- 
plaint not only with the officers, but ako with the privates. All felt that the 
fruits of the dearly-bought victory were being rapidly lost. 

On the morning of the 22d, Col. Holman, in command of his regiment and also 
the Tenth, was ordered to descend Missionary Ridge into the Chattanooga Valley, 
and go as far as possible in the direction of Chattanooga. This lie proceeded to 
do, skirmishing as he went, and capturing several hundred prisoners. He moved 
rapidly with his command on the liossville road, till, reaching a point within 
about a half mile of the city of Chattanooga, he came upon the Federal infantry 
in force, strungly intrenched, who opened on his command a galling fire. Several 
of the Eleventh fell here, killed or wounded. Three or four pieces of artillery 
coming up, Col. Holman directed them to open fire, which they promptly did. He, 
having in the meantime dismounted his command, supported the battery, and 
fought his troops as infantry. It was soon apparent that the enemy was not to be 
dislodged from his stronghold by any ordinary force. After some twenty or thirty 
minutes lighting Gen. Forrest came dashing up at full speed, followed by his escort, 
and asked impatiently (emphasizing the questions with an oath), "What have 
you stopped here for? Why don't you go on into Chattanooga?" Upon being 
informed by Col. Holman that the enemy in considerable force was strongly in- 
trenched not more than two hundred yards in front, he replied that there must be 
some mistake about that, and that he believed he could take Chattanooga with his 
escort. Thereupon, putting spurs to his horse, he and a portion of his escort gal- 
loped in the direction of the enemy. They had proceeded only a few yards when 
the enemy opened on them a hot fire. Forrest's horse was shot in the neck, but 
did not fall. He and his escort returned as rapidly as they had advanced, and no 
other effort was made to penetrate the Federal position at that point. Dibreli's 
brigade was then ordered farther to the left, to approach Chattanooga by way of the 
foot of Lookout Mountain. It was soon ascertained that the side of the mountain 
was strongly fortified by Federal troops. Their sharp-shooters, with long-range guns, 
were quite annoying, and besides there was a heavy force of infantry and artillerv 
in the Confederate front, between Chattanooga and the Confederates. The Fed- 
eral artillery was well served, four men being killed by one shell. Among the 
number was Dr. Win. McNairy, of Capt. Kivers's company, whose head was torn 
from his body. He was at the time Orderly Sergeant of his company, a physician 
of prominence in Giles county, and a true and faithful soldier. It was here that 
Col. James King, an old man over seventy years of age, a prominent citizen of 






Regimental Histories and Memorial Eolls. 095 

Rutherford county, Tenn., who was on a visit to his sons, who were members of 
Lytle's company, rode fearlessly into the tight. When warned by Col. Holman 
of the danger to which he was exposed, and requested to retire to the rear, he re- 
plied with much coolness and determination: "No; I cannot. Wherever my 
sons are required to go, there I will go." 

About two o'clock p.m. Cren. MeLaws came up with a division of infantry. This 
was the first infantry since the evening of the 20th that had been sent to the sup- 
port of Forrest's cavalry in their efforts to take Chattanooga. Gen. Forrest at 
once saw- Gen. McLaws, and insisted on making a combined attack. Gen. MeLaws 
declined, for the reason that his orders limited him to picket duty. Dibrell main- 
tained his position till about noon of the 2'Sd, when he was ordered to withdraw 
to Tyners Station for the purpose of feeding his almost famished horses and men, 
both well-nigh exhausted by the long-continued strain. Only a few hours rest 
was obtained, for about the 2-jth of September the brigade, with Forrest's other 
cavalry, was ordered to move in the direction of Charleston, Tenn., to meet a Fed- 
eral force sent by Baraside. This force wus encountered at Charleston, and after 
some fighting was dislodged and driven to Athens, Tenn.. where some prisoners 
were captured. The Federals retreated from Athens to Philadelphia, where, re- 
enforced by Woolford's brigade, they made a srand, but were driven to Loudon. 

About the 1st of October Dibrell's Tennessee and Morrison's Georgia brigades 
were ordered back to the vicinity of Cleveland, Tenn., to rest and recruit. Be- 
tween two and three weeks were profitably spent here in resting and recruiting, 
with no work to perform save the usual service of picketing and scouting. It was 
here that the cavalry, including Dibrell's, was turned over again to the command 
of Wheeler. Forrest was ordered to the department of North Mississippi, taking 
with him not exceeding five hundred men of his old command, including Mor- 
ton's battery and McDonald's battalion. 

The position of Woolford's brigade o( Federal cavalry, camped at Philadelphia, 
Tenn., having been definitely ascertained, in the latter part of October an expe- 
dition for its capture by Dibrell's and Morrison's brigades was planned. The 
project was in a large measure successful. There were captured seven hun- 
dred prisoners, fifty wagons, twelve ambulances, eight hundred stand of small 
arms, six pieces of artillery, one thousand horses and mules, saddles, etc., and a 
large amount of commissary and sutlers' stores. Capt. Thomas F. Perkins's horse 
was killed by a grape-shot, while making the charge, within fifty yards of the 
Federal battery. The most of the regiment occupied a position on the extreme 
left, to prevent the escape of the routed Federals by a road leading to the west. 
After the rout of the enemy, and as we were pressing them on the Loudon road, 
Capt. James Rivers, while gallantly charging the retreating Federals with a view 
of picking up prisoners, was captured, together with several of the men whom he 
was leading. No exchange could be effected, and he was held a prisoner of war 
at Johnsons Island till the close of the Avar. He was a brave officer, and his lo*s 
to the service was felt not only by his company, but by the entire regiment. 

On Sunday, November 1, a detachment from the brigade, including the Elev- 
enth, was ordered to report to Gen. Vaughn. Fording and swimming the Little 
Tennessee River at Morganton, the command was all night crossing. Gen. 
Vaughn moved the detachment rapidly till he reached Lnitia, a small village on 
the east bank of the Hohton River. On the we?-t bank, and opposite L'nitia, the 






696 . Military Annals of Tennessee. 

Federals were in some force. A brisk duel across the river ensued. Here fell 
James Newton Paisley, Orderly Sergeant of Rivers's company, who was shot 
through the head and instantly killed. He was a man of great merit socially, 
morally, and intellectually. "Was a model soldier, as he had been a citizen, with 
no ambition except to do his whole duty. Prompt and faithful in the discharge 
of his religious duties, recognizing the care and guidance of a higher Power, al- 
ways cheerful, " with a heart for any fate," his influence for good in the command 
was very great. How oppressed with sorrow were the hearts of his devoted com- 
rades as they hastily laid his body in its humble resting-place, a soldiers grave! 
No* shaft or storied urn marks the spot, but a nobler and more enduring monu- 
ment is erected in the affections of all who knew him. 

The expedition to Uriitia, so far as could be seen, was without profit. Return- 
ing at once, and marching all night, the detachment recrossed. the Little Tennes- 
see River at Morg;xnton, but before the entire command had gotten across the 
rear was attacked by a large force of Federal cavalry. Several men of Miller*- 
and Coffee's companies were captured. Several made their escape and crossed at 
Giles's Ferry above. 

On the 3d of November the brigade went on a scout in the direction of Mary- 
ville, Tenn., returned the same day, and camped at McGee's, opposite Motley's 
Ford. 

On the 5th of November the Ninth Tennessee Cavalry (Col. J. B. Biffle) started 
across the river at Motley's Ford on a scout. When the Ninth had gotten partly 
across it was attacked by Federal cavalry in ambush. The remainder of the bri- 
gade hurriedly gathered up their guns, and by firing at the enemy across the riv- 
er drove them off. The Ninth lost twenty-five men captured and three wounded. 

Dibrell's brigade remained in camp at McGee's till November 13, when Gen. 
Wheeler, late in the evening, with most of his command, crossed the Little Ten- 
nessee at Motley's Ford, marched ail night, and just at daylight reached the vi- 
cinity of Maryville, the county-seat of Blount county, on Saturday, November 
14. The Federals, who were encamped in force at and in the vicinity of Mary- 
ville, surprised by the unexpected attack, were soon routed and a number taken 
prisoners. "Wheeler, with his main force, pursued them to the vicinity of Knox- 
ville. The Eleventh was sent to take possession of Maryville, with instructions 
as to disposition of prisoners, etc. It remained there only a few hours. "While 
there a company of Federal cavalry was seen approaching the place from the 
south. It was evident they did not know the town was in possession of the Con- 
federates, nor what had transpired in the early morning. They were permittt*} 
to enter undisturbed, not comprehending the situation till informed that they were 
prisoners. They had with them an old citizen who lived a few miles in the coun- 
try, and whom they had arrested^ as was afterward ascertained, for alleged ''dis- 
loyalty" to the United States Government. Being confused at the movements he 
saw, and supposing the Confederates to be Federals, he became much alarmed. 
and at once approaching the commander of the Eleventh, began to appeal most 
earnestly for a hearing: before sentence of condemnation should be passed on him. 
He stated that the reports against him were all false; that he was not only not a 
rebel, but was now, and always had been, a truly loyal man, which he said he 
could prove by some of the best men in Maryville, whose names he proceeded to 
mention. The officers around, perceiving the mistake under which he was labor- 



Regimental IIistouies and Memorial Rolls. 



GOT 






ing, and being greatly amused at his story, made it convenient, about this time, to 
remove the oil-cloths which covered their uniforms. Casting his eyes inquiringly 
around, with an expression to which words cannot do justice, he suddenly stopped 
his speech. After a slight pause, as something of a smile gathered on his lips 
and twinkled from his eyes, he asked, "An't you all Confederates?" He was in- 
formed they were, but that was only the worse fur him, judging from the state- 
ments he had just made. "Of" he exclaimed jubilantly, "I was just talking 
then. I thought you were all Yankees. Everybody in this county knows I'm a 
rebel. That 's what they arrested and brought me here for. I am so glad you 
are here!" He was anxious to produce any number of witnesses to establish the 
truth of his last statement, but it was deemed wholly unnecessary, and lie was at 
once discharged and bidden to go in peace to his home. This incident illustrates 
the arrangement that was common in East Tennessee, where the political senti- 
jcent was pretty evenly divided, to wit: that when the Confederates were in troub- 
le the Union people would come to their relief by doing all they could fur them 
with the Federal authorities; and in turn, when the Union people were in troub- 
le, the Confederates cam.e to their relief by doing for them all in their power 
with the Confederate authorities. When done at the expense of truth moralists 
may condemn this as wrong, but the cruelties and hardships of war soon teach a 
people in matters pertaining to safety to ignore all law save the law of expedi- 
ency. Indeed, how could it be otherwise, since the art of war itself, in its great- 
est perfection, consists in the ability of army commanders to practice on their an- 
tagonists the most complete deception? 

The 15th of .November was spent in skirmishing with the enemy, who retreated 
into the city of Knoxville, taking refuge behind his fortifications. A number 
were killed and wounded, and over one hundred prisoners were captured. On 
November lb' DibrelFs brigade moved toward the left, and on the morning of the 
17th crossed the Holston below and near Louisville. On the 13th a junction with 
Longstreet's corps was made near and west of Knoxville. This corps charged 
the enemy and drove them into their fortifications. The city of Knoxville was 
invested by the Confederates, the Eleventh occupying the Cumberland Gap road, 
in full view of the city. This position it maintained, for the most part, through- 
out the siege, with but little rest. The siege continued from Wednesday morning. 
November IS, till Thursday night, December 3, a period of fifteen days. On the 
23d of November Gen. Wheeler withdrew a portion of the cavalry, including the 
Eleventh, and with them made a trip to Kingston, Tenn., riding night and day> 
to ascertain something of the Federal forces at that point. On the 24th Kingston 
was attacked. A sharp fight ensued, with some casualties to both sides. Wheeler 
withdrew, and returned to Knoxville, reaching there on the 26th of November. 
The Eleventh was assigned its old position near Knoxville, on the road leading 
to Cumberland Gap, where it remained till the 2d of December, when Gen. Arm- 
strong, taking his division, moved to Maynardville, where, on the morning of the 
3d, he found and engaged the enemy in some force. The Eleventh dismounted, 
and was sent to the left, while Col. G. G. Dibrell, with the Eighth and Fourth, 
charged on horseback from the front. The charge under the lead of Col. Dibrell 
was most gallantly made, but the enemy received it with more than ordinary cool- 
ness, and fought stubbornly till the Eleventh poured an effective fire on their 
right flank, when they hastily retreated in disorder, leaving a number killed and 



69S Military Annals of Tennessee. 



wounded on the field. There were some casualties to the brigade in killed and 
wounded. Col. Dibrell received a severe wound, from which he was disabled for 
service for about two months, during which time the command of the brigade de- 
volved upon Col. Holman and of the regiment upon Capt. Martin, who was in 
fact acting as Lieutenant-colonel of the regiment by recommendation of the 
brigade and division commanders, though he never received a commission 
from the War Department, as few did at that time, on account of the great activ- 
ity of the troops in the field. There was no time left to think of paper and parch- 
ment. At the same time Capt. C, Coffee was recommended for Major of the regi- 
; ment. These two officers alternated in command in the absence of Col. Holman. 

They were both brave and efficient, and handled the regiment in action with 
marked ability and coolness. They preferred remaining with their companies to 
any promotion, but never shrunk from any duty when it was imposed upon them 
by the proper authority. They recognized the force of the military maxim, " The 
first duty of a soldier is obedience to orders." 

The regiment remained on the north side of the Holston River, for the most 
part, for about three weeks. Most of the forage was obtained on the Holston 
River and on Buffalo Creek. The command was kept very active — sometimes 
moving to Blains Cross-roads, then to Rutledge, then to Bean's Station, then to 
Bull's Gap. On the 16th of December it captured twelve prisoners at Massen- 
gill ? s mills. 

On the 23d of December the regiment crossed to the south side of the Holston 
at the old Thompson Ford. Dibrell' s brigade camped on the Knoxville and Mor- 
ristown road, except the Eleventh, which, under command of Capt. Martin, was 
sent to Mossv Creek to picket. Capt. Martin soon ascertained that the enemy was 
advancing on the place, and promptly reported the fact. Early on the morning 
of the 24th Col. Holman moved with the brigade toward New Market. After 
passing Mossy Creek a short distance he met the enemy's advance-guard in the 
road. A brisk fight ensued. The enemy was moving on Mossy Creek with a 
large force of all arms. They were held in check by the brigade till Gen. Arm- 
strong, with the remainder of his division, came up. After about an hour's right- 
ing the division fell back to Mossy Creek. In this fight the Eleventh held posi- 
tion on the right, along the line of the railroad. While the Tenth was bein^ 
hard pressed and in danger of capture in attempting to cross Mossy Creek, the 
Eleventh, perceiving the danger, drove the enemy back so as to enable the Tenth 
to cross the bridge which spanned the marshy and miry stream. 

The country about Mossy Creek being rich and productive, it was the desire of 
both Federals and Confederates to occupy it, that they might procure supplies of 
subsistence for man and beast; hence there was a continuous struggle for about 
twenty days as to which of the forces should occupy the neighborhood. The Con- 
federates fought all day, and at night were compelled to ride from five to ten miles 
to get forage, and then frequently had to fight to get it. The weather was ex- 
ceedingly cold, and the men were poorly clad. Many of them, being almost bare- 
footed, wrapped their feet and legs with rags as best they could to keep them from 
freezing. After riding so far and feeding their horses, but little of the night re- 
mained in which to rest. At daylight they were called to ''saddle up ; ' and 
move. 

On the 20th of December Armstrong's division made a determined effort to defeat 



Eegluextal Histories and Memorial Bolls. 



G99 









and drive the Federals away. After driving them about two miles, and getting them 
greatly demoralized, the Federal cavalry (Col. James P. Brownlow's regiment 
leading) charged the Confederate line with great spirit. The Confederates with- 
stood the charge firmly, and were about to capture a large number of the charging 
party, when the Second Georgia Cavalry gave way. Soine confusion in the Con- 
federate lines erjsued, making it necessary to fall back over a part of the ground 
they had gained. Portions of the brigade most stubbornly resisted this daring 
charge, and soon made them willing to retire. Capt. Cannon, of Brownlow's reg- 
iment, a very brave officer, led the advance, and was killed by private X B. Ezell, 
of Miller's company, when within a few feet of each other. At the same time 
has comrade, another man of the same company, shot Cannon's horse, and horse 
and rider fell together to the ground. Private Jerome P.. Pod son, of Capt. Mar- 
tin's company, who was temporarily on Col. Holman's staff, was shot through the 
heart and instantly killed within a few feet of Col. Holman. Among tfiose capt- 
ured was private Randall Gillespie, of Martin's company, while resisting the 
charge. The contest for subsistence continued for about three weeks, with the 
usual fighting and skirmishing. The commands moved from point to point to ob- 
tain forage. The weather continued exceedingly cold and inclement. The hard- 
ships, privations, and sufferings of the troops were almost beyond endurance. De- 
sertions of officers and men were frequent. 

Between the loth and 20th of January. 136-4, it was determined to dislodge the 
enemy at Dandridge, and if possible drive him beyond Strawberry Plains. Gen. 
Longstreet, who was encamped with his infantry corps near Morristown, selected 
such portions of his command as had shoes and were sufficiently clad; and these* 
together with the cavalry, made the combined attack. The enemy was driven de- 
moralized from Dandridge and beyond Strawberry Plains. In this action the 
Eleventh, with some other regiments of the brigade, dismounted and acted as in- 
fantry, and charged in line with the infantry. While the battle was raging fierce- 
ly an infantry regiment fell back a short distance till rallied, but not a man in the 
cavalry gave back or wavered for a moment. On they marched, with the steadi- 
ness of veterans. It had been whispered that Gen. Longstreet said, as the troops 
were about to go into the fight, that he was fearful the cavalry would give way. 
This served to stimulate the pride of the cavalry, and under no circumstances 
would they have retreated in advance of the infantry. Gen. Longstreet com- 
mended the conduct of the cavalry on this occasion in the highest terms. The 
Eleventh for a week*or more was engaged in picketing the fords on the French 
Broad below Dandridge, and in scouting on the south side of the river. 

On the 27th of January Cob Holman, leaving the regiment at Evans's Ford, 
and taking with him a dozen picked men, went on a scout in the direction of >e- 
vierville for the purpose of ascertaining the strength and position of the enemy. 
While on the sfcout Gen. W. S. Martin, with his division of cavalry,' had met the 
enemy a few miles east of Sevierville, and had been defeated. The Federals in 
force came up simultaneously in front and rear, and opened fire on Col. Holman 
and his men. One of the men was captured. The chances for escape were des- 
perate, but the remainder, turning from the road, fled to the mountains and made 
good their escape. They reached the command late in the evening, when the reg- 
iment at once recrossed to the north side of the French Broad and encamped for 
the night, picketing the fords. Elated at their success of the day before, the Fed- 






700 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

erals determined to attack Dibfeli, who was encamped, with the remainder of his 
brigade, some ten mile? above Dandridge, on the south bank of the French Broad. 
Col. Holman, anticipating their designs, on the morning of the 28th moved as 
rapidly as possible v.itli his regiment to join the brigade. The distance to be 
traveled was about twenty miles, while the enemy had to go a less distance to 
reach Dibrell's camps. 

As the Eleventh approached the brigade the surmise as to the designs of the 
enemy was confirmed. It was learned that the Federals, in large force, were ap- 
proaching, being then only about three miles distant. Col. Dibrell being a short 
distance out of camp at the time, Col. Holman assumed command, and had the 
camp aroused. "While the brigade was saddling, the advance-guard encountered 
the pickets. Soon the entire brigade was mounted and the advance-guard of the 
enemy driven back. The brigade moved a short distance from its camp under 
Col. Dibrell, who had returned. All the regiments dismounted except the Eighth 
Texas. In a few minutes temporary breastworks of rails, logs, etc., were hastily 
improvised by the men. In a short while the fight opened, and lasted over two 
hours. The Federals were severely handled, and they beat a hasty retreat, not 
stopping till they reached Knoxville, reporting as they went that they had 
fought all of Longstreefs infantry. They had four brigades, to wit: Woolford's 
Elliott's, Sturgis's, and McCook's — in all about twenty regiments — while Dibrell's 
brigade and the Third Arkansas — seven regiments — constituted the Confederate 
forces; so that their number exceeded those of the Confederates fully four to one. 
Their loss in killed and wounded was about three hundred. The Confederates 
lost two killed and six or eight wounded. The casualties to the Eleventh were 
only slight. The Federals never did wilder shooting, perhaps, than on this oc- 
casion. Had their aim been well directed, this little, decimated Confederate bri- 
gade would necessarily have been annihilated. The hill on which the tight was 
made was by common consent designated as DibrelFs Hill, in honor of the gallant 
commander of the brigade. 

On the 29th of January the brigade moved down the French Broad River, and 
on the 30th went into camp on Pigeon River, about three miles below Sevierville. 
Here the regiment remained encamped till about the 226! of February. The 
weather was very cold. The Federals seemed to be content to be let alone shut 
up within the city limits of Knoxville. About the 20th of February, Gen. Long- 
street wishing to ascertain something definite as to the force at Knoxville, Col. 
Holman was sent in command of the brigade to make a reconnoissance in force 
and develop the enemy. He went with the command to the hills near to and 
overlooking the city, where a fine view of the Federal forces and position 
could be had. The enemy undertook to capture the brigade while occupying this 
position, and made disposition of their troops accordingly. In this they were 
unsuccessful. However, the brigade was compelled to fight its way out. There 
were some casualties in wounded and captured. Capt. Pierce, of the Fourth (Mc- 
Lemore's regiment), lost seven men captured. Col. Holman and Adjutant Gar- 
rett came near being captured. While endeavoring to resist a charge of the ene- 
my, they found themselves cut off from their comrades and surrounded by foes. 
A Federal Captain, with his company of cavalry within a few feet of them, de- 
manded their surrender. The re<]<iest was declined, and their only chance for 
escape was in the iieetness of their horses, which was thoroughly tested in a race 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



701 






of about five hundred yards; till the Confederate line of battle could be reached, 
when they were relieved by a well-directed volley from friendly guns, which 
caused such of the pursuers as escaped unhurt to return to their lines as rapidly 
as they had come. 

On the 22d of February the brigade crossed the French Broad at Evans's Ford, 
moved by way of Dand ridge to a point near the mouth of Chucky River, and 
camped several days. The command then crossed the French Broad on the 2Sth 
of February, and camped near Newport, between the French Broad and Pigeon 
rivers. AVhile the cavalry was encamped at Newport a very amusing incident 
occurred. The officers of the quartermaster and commissary departments, in- 
cluding Captains and Majors of the staff, dressed well. The others of the com- 
mand, officers as well as privates, had no fine clothes — in fact, felt that they were 
shabbily dressed in comparison with these gentlemen of the staff". Whether true 
or not, many of the private soldiers, as well as officers of the line, conceived that 
these well-dressed gentlemen bore themselves with an air of superiority because 
of their clothes. Among other characteristics of the staff, they were noted for 
being great ladies' men, and lost no opportunity to attend any party that might be 

gotten up in the vicinity of Newport. Finally there was a party at Mr. J 's, 

across the river in the direction of the enemy. The crossings of the river were 
all guarded by the Confederate pickets. About 9 o'clock at night the party had 

assembled at Mr. J 's, consisting of a number of ladies in the neighborhood,. 

and, so far as the male portion was concerned, exclusively of Quartermasters and 
Commissaries. The table groaned with the luxuries of the season, and to a sol- 
dier's eye it presented a scene peculiarly tempting. Just as the company was in 
the act of sitting down to partake of the rich repast the clatter of hoofs rapidly 
approaching could be distinctly heard. Nearer they came. Then above the din 
was heard the clear ring of the army pistol. The ladies turned pale, and " whis- 
pered with white lips. 'The foe — they come, they come!"' The officers of the 
staff simultaneously rushed for the door. All not being able to make their exit 
at once, some went through the windows, smashing the glass and getting many 
ugly scratches and gashes as they went through, which made the blood they had 
never before spilled flow freely. Some managed to mount their horses, and went 
dashing toward camp. The others believed they were too late to make a mount, 
and ran on foot for dear life, leaving their horses behind. Reaching the crossing, 
the pickets affected to believe the fugitive Captains and Majors were the enemy, 
and fired a volley — in the air. There was no time to parley or explain to the 
pickets that they were friendly non-combatants; so, plunging into the stream, they 
swam across. The " enemy " turned out to be only some hungry soldiers from 
that same Confederate command, who had taken this method of "getting even'" 
with the staff. They went in and devoured the supper. The ladies were so glad 
they were Confederates and not Federals that they were happy at their presence,. 
and greatly enjoyed their keen relish of the supper. "All went merry as a mar- 
riage-bell." and the boys left the "girls'" happy. Perhaps the most amusing thing 
about it was the attempted investigation the next day as to why there was picket 
firing the night before. Nobody knew any thing to tell, and yet there was a joy 
and hilarity in camp never known before or afterward. The "staff's" first im- 
pulse was to investigate, but soon found there was a deep under-current that made 
it wholly impracticable. Still, they never did hear the last of that supper. 



702 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



The regiment remained at Newport till March 15, at which time it crossed the 
Nollachucky River and camped within about three miles of Warrensburg, where 
it remained till the 25th. On the 22d snow fell to the depth of about ten inches. 
On the 25th the command moved up Cedar Creek and camped. Orders we re now 
received to get every thing in readiness to move to Dalton, Ga., by way of Ashe- 
ville, N. C, and Greenville, S. C. March 20 the command crossed Paint Mount- 
ain at Paint Rock, and camped near Warm Springs. Passed through Asheville, 
N. C, March 31; through Greenville, & C, April 3, where it rested a day or 
two. Reached Anderson, S. C, April 6, and rested three days. April 9 it moved 
to Seneca River, and camped one day. April 10, crossed Tugaioo River. April 
13, reached Athens, Ga. ; on the 18th, Marietta; on the 20th, Acworth ; on the 
21st, Cass Station; on the 22d, Adairsviile; on the 23d, Resaca, where the regi- 
ment remained till May 4, when, late in the evening, it was ordered to Dalton, 
and about midnight camped within two miles of that place. The next day the 
brigade went to the front on the Cleveland road. May 7, skirmished with the 
enemy on his left. On the 9th the Federal cavalry charged the brigade with 
much spirit, and were repulsed with some loss. Private J. B. -Smith, of Lytle's 
company, was killed, and Lieut. Thos. Banks, of Martin's company, severely 
wounded. There were other casualties to the regiment not now remembered. 

On the night of the 12th of May the regiment, with the other Confederate 
troops, fell back from Dalton to Resaca. May 13 the enemy shelled the troops at 
Resaca for several hours, employing a number of pieces of artillery, but little dam- 
age was done the Confederates. On May 14 the Federal infantry repeatedly 
charged the Confederate lines, and were as often repulsed. Tbe Eleventh par- 
ticipated in this fighting. For the most part going in dismounted, they fought 
as infantry. 

At daylight on the morning of the 15th the battle opened briskly all along the 
line, and waxed harder as the day advanced. The enemy made repeated charges 
in their effort to break the Confederate lines, but were unsuccessful. The Con- 
federates held their lines in the evening as they did in the morning. The Elev- 
enth formed the extreme right of the Confederate line, the left wing of the regi- 
ment resting on the infantry and the right wing' resting on the river. Immedi- 
ately in front was a level field nearly two miles long and half a mile wide. This 
plain touched the river for two mik'S on one side, and on the opposite side was 
skirted by a dense wood. In this wood a fierce battle was raging, the Confederate 
lines slowly recoiling before the heavy columns of the enemy. Across ihe field 
we have described the Federals had thrown a strong skirmish line, extending from 
the woods to the river, to guard their left flank. To face this skirmish line, the 
Eleventh Tennessee was posted as the guard of the Confederate right flank. The 
peculiar position gave an opportunity for one of the few horseback charges of cav- 
alry against infantry that occurred during the war. The regiment charged the 
Federal skirmish line, broke through it, and reached a point about a mile in rear 
of the enemy's line of battle. Re-forming after this rapid charge, the regiment 
was on the point of charging the Federal batteries thus taken in rear and almost 
unprotected by contiguous infantry support, when it was discovered that a strong 
column of Federal infantry was moving across the field through which they had 
just charged. This movement, if suffered to proceed to completion, would cut off 
their only means of egress. The line was rapidly wheeled to face this new emer- 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



'03 



gency. At the same moment three batteries of the enemy, recovering from their 
astonishment, turned a fierce and converging fire upon the intruders, now drawn 
up in plain view upon the open field. Xo time was to be lost. Moving rapidly, 
as if to charge the line of infantry forming to bar their egress, the regiment, when 
nearly upon them, changed its course to the river, and from this point opened fire 
on the enemy's flank. Ik-low the level of the battle-field, and along the margin 
of the river, lay a narrow and slippery pathway, which seemed hardly practicable 
for horsemen. Along this path, protected by the overhanging bank, the regiment 
in single file found its precarious exit. A portion of the regiment faced the ene- 
my and threatened to charge, while the remainder escaped unseen. Before the 
rear could effect a retreat the enemy discovered the stratagem, and pressed heav- 
ily upon the retreating column. Nothing remained but pell-mell and precipitate 
flight. In single file at full speed they dashed along the narrow path, while the 
Federal infantry rashed to the bank and opened a furious fire. The projecting 
bank, and willow-bushes, and the rough ground, gave some shelter, however, and 
the rapidity of the movement confuse'! the enemy. The regiment emerged out 
of breath, bespattered and disordered, but with a loss not exceeding five men. 
The effect of this charge was to break the advance of the entire left wing of the 
Federal army, and to relieve the pressure on the Confederate right. 

On the night of the loth of May Gen. Johnston's army fell back in the direc- 
tion of Calhoun, Ga. On the 16th there was a good deal of skirmishing but no 
hard fighting. The army fell back during the night to the vicinity of Adairsville. 
On the 17th there was a general engagement all along the line, in which Cheat- 
ham's division suffered. On the night of the 17th. the entire army retreated to 
the vicinity of Cassville and Kingston, where on the 16th it remained skirmish- 
ing and fighting. On the morning of the 19th, at Cassville, Gen. Johnston issued 
his battle order. The spirit of the Confederate troops was never better, and they 
confidently expected an immediate and decisive battle. Never did troops exhibit 
in a more marked degree the firm resolve to conquer or to die. From lip to lip 
passed the words, "Now old Joe has got them where he wants them!" 

About 3 o'clock in the evening the Federal advance pressed heavily the Con- 
federate right and center. The Eleventh, with the remainder of the brigade and 
some other cavalry, contested the advance, but were pressed back by superior and 
overlapping numbers till the Confederate infantry lines were reached, when a 
sharp engagement occurred. The Federals were repulsed, but a most terrific artil- 
lery duel en>ued, lasting some two or three hours. The Federal artillery appeared 
to have the advantage in position. At any rate, their artillery was served with 
marked precision and effect. The belief rapidly gained ground that the position 
of the Confederate right, occupied in the main by Hood's corps, was untenable. 
For some reason Gen. Johnston changed his plans, and during the night the Con- 
federate troops fell back to Cartersville and Allatoona. The Eleventh and the 
remainder of the brigade were actively engaged in protecting the rear of the re- 
treating army and watching the Federal advance, participating in the fighting 
incident to such service. 

On the night of the 23d, about midnight, while encamped at i>i<x Island Ford, 
on the Etowah River, the Eleventh, with a considerable force of other cavalry, 
under Gen. Armstrong, moved around Sherman's left, and passed to his rear 
reaching Cassville about 10 o'clock in the morning. The surpri>e was complete. 



70-1 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Some infantry and a considerable force of cavalry were routed. A number of 
prisoners, over a hundred wagons and teams, and a quantity of quartermaster 
commissary, and sutlers' stores were taken. Some of the wagons and stores were 
destroyed, but most of them were brought away in safety and turned over for the 
use of the Confederate army. Nearly every soldier brought a trophy witli him. 
Taking the Canton road, the command, after traveling east about twenty miles, 
was overtaken by a severe rain-storm, compelling it to encamp near Steel's bridge 
for the remainder of the night. In the meantime Johnston's army had fallen 
back to Acworth, Ga., to which point the Eleventh, with the remainder of the 
raiding cavalry, moved on the 25th. 

Sherman had sent a heavy column in the direction of Dallas, the county seat 
of Paulding county, with the evident intent of turning the Confederate left. This 
morement was promptly met by counter-movements of the Confederate troops. 
Dibrell's brigade, aud a large part of the other cavalry, at once mov«ed hurriedly 
to the point of attack. The Eleventh participated actively in the fighting on the 
Confederate left for several days. Here occurred some of the hardest fighting of 
the war. On the 27th Cleburne's division repulsed a furious assault, with heavy 
loss to the enemy. At night this noble division, supported by the cavalry, made 
a gallant charge on the enemy, killing a great number and capturing two hundred 
and fifty prisoners. 

The skirmishing along the entire line on May 28 and 29 was almost without 
intermission. On the night of the 29th, it being Sunday, the Federals made a 
determined assault all along the Confederate lines, but were repulsed with con- 
siderable loss. On the 31st, in a charge on the enemy, private C. Buford, of Gor- 
don's company, was killed, and Capt. Andrew K. Gordon severely wounded. Capt. 
Gordon was not able for duty again, as the writer has been informed, and his com- 
pany was afterward commanded, for the most part, by Lieut. J. M. Edmondson, 
a brave and efficient officer. The company, or details from it, were frequently 
commanded by Lieuts. Eobt. Gordon and George Rothrock, officers of great brav- 
ery and worth. 

Sherman having signally failed in the effort to turn the Confederate left, had 
evidently changed his tactics, as indicated by the movement to the Confederate 
right. Again the Confederate troops moved to the right. As early as the 2d of 
June Bate's division moved toward Kennesaw. In the meantime Sherman, in his 
effort to '"steal a march," kept up a show of advancing, and constantly menaced 
the Confederate left, making the services of the cavalry in that direction indis- 
pensable till about the 3d or 4th of June, when Dibrell's brigade, with other cav- 
alry, was ordered to the vicinity of Kennesaw. Here the Eleventh participated 
in the skirmishing and performed its part of the picket duty till June 13, when 
Col. Holman was ordered to report, with his regiment, to Gen. Joseph E. John- 
ston, at Atlanta, Ga., for any service the General of the army mi^ht have for it 
to perform. 

The constant strain on the men and horses night and day for the last fortv days 
had well-nigh exhausted both. The much-needed rest for the next month, while 
the army was intrenched at Atlanta, was in some measure afforded. The change 
of service, though none the less onerous, aflbrded the command more of rest and 
sleep. The city of Atlanta was policed by details from the regiment during the 
stay of the army at that place. Besides, details were made for couriers, scouts, 



Kegimextal Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



'05 









pickets, and almost every duty incident to the army. Occasionally, when emer- 
gencies required, such of the command as was not engaged in other service was 
sent to the front to assist in repelling an assault or strengthen a weak point in the 
line. The regiment cherished the most unbounded confidence in and esteem i'.)r 
Gen. Johnston. The better the men knew him the more they loved and admired 
him. While he was always respectful and just to the officers, he seemed to lie 
most watchful of and careful for the rights and comfort of the private soldiers. 
His unexpected removal was a severe shock. Sadness akin to despair was depict- 
ed on the faces of the men, and many of them wept freely. 

When Gen. Hood took command of the army he retained the regiment for spe- 
cial service. Sherman continued his course southward through the heart of the 
Confederacy, while Plood about-faced, and went northward to interrupt Sherman's 
communications and destroy his base of supplies. A number of prisoners were 
captured, among them the Forty-fourth U. S. Colored Troops, all the officers of 
which were white men. These, with other Federal prisoners, were turned over 
to the Eleventh to be guarded and carried to West Point. Ga., a considerable dis- 
tance, for exchange. The officers of this colored regiment were at first greatly 
alarmed for their personal safety, knowing the feeling among Southern soldiers 
toward colored troops. They soon became assured of their safety, and when de- 
livered over to the Federal authorities under a flag of truce, expressed their grat- 
itude for the kind treatment they had received, each warmly shaking the hands 
of the officers of the regiment, and pronouncing, as they took their departure, 
benedictions on its officers and men. 

The regiment became separated from the brigade at Atlanta, and was not able 
to be with it again during the war. It was temporarily assigned to Bell's brigade, 
Jackson's division, under Gen. Forrest; came into Tennessee on the Hood cam- 
paign, and in the latter part of December, 1SG-4, returned south of the Tennessee 
River with the remnant of Hood's army. After the separation of the regiment 
from the brigade Col. Dibrell was made Brigadier-general of the brigade. Tins 
promotion was well merited, and met the hearty approval of the entire brigade. 

On the 11th of July, 18G4, at Atlanta, Gen. Jos. E. Johnston sent Capt. C. Cof- 
fee to Middle Tennessee on a scout with a portion of his company. He crossed 
the Tennessee River at Muscle Shoals, passed through Giles, Marshall, Bedford, 
and Coffee counties into Warren county, Tennessee. At that time the Federals 
held undisputed possession of Middle Tennessee, and he ran many narrow risks 
of capture, several of his men being wounded and captured. He added forty-six 
new recruits to his company in a short time, and assisted in driving the Federal 
troops from McMinnville, Tenn., the home of a number of his men. His only 
way of escape was through East Tennessee and by way of Saltville, Va. He par- 
ticipated in the fight at Saltville against the Federal troops under command of 
Gen. Burbridge, passed on as rapidly as possible with his company through Xorth 
Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, to join his regiment. The regiment hav- 
ing moved into Tennessee with Hood's army, he was ordered to remain with I>ib- 
rell's brigade to assist in resisting Sherman's march to the sea. He participated 
in the fighting from Macon to Savannah, Ga., about eighteen days, drawing tor 
his company within this period only one day's rations of bread. Christmas-day, 
1864, was spent in the vicinity pC Savannah without a mouthful to eat This com- 
pany fought the enemy at every lagoon, swamp, and river between Savannah, Ga., 
4o 



700 Military- Axn-als oif Tennessee, 

— _ . — . , 

and Columbia, S. C, and skirmished with them from Columbia to Fayetteville, X. 

C, at •which place it fought Gen. Ki'patrick's command, assisting in the capture 
of five hundred prisoners and the recapture of one hundred and thirty Confeder- 
ates who had been captured by the Federals. It participated in the lighting at 
Bentonville, X. C, fell back to Raleigh, X. C, and had its last fight at Beulah- 
ville, X. C., where it performed important service in holding a large command of 
Federals in cheek. Having again fallen back to Raleigh, X. C, Capt. Coffee, with 
his company, was ordered to escort President .Jefferson Davis from Greensboro, 
X. C, to Cokesbury, S. C. On reaching Cokesbury President Davis requested that 
Coffee's company continue with him to the Savannah River, which it did, and sur- 
rendered at Washington, Ga., May 11, 1605. Fifty-three men and officers received 
their paroles. 

A few of Coffee'^ men failed to accompany him on the scout to Middle Tennes- 
see in July, 1S04, and remained with the regiment till after the surrender. These 
. men were assigned to Capt. J. M. Rust's (formerly Brewster's) company, with 
which they remained till the close of the war. While these men were deprived 
of their old company eomn-sander and separated from their old comrades-in-arms, 
they were fortunate indeed in being assigned to the command of so true and faith- 
ful an ofiieer as Capt. Rust and to the companionship of such brave and noble 
soldiers as constituted his company. 

The following were the losses of Coffee's company during the war, to wit: Sick- 
ened and died, three; killed in battle, seventeen; wounded in battle, twenty-nine; 
captured in battle, eleven; other causes, thirty-seven; making a total loss of ninety- 
seven men. 

The following is a partial list of the killed: 

Private Joseph Couch, killed near La Vergne, Term., December 27, 1S62. 

Private James Fuston, mortally wounded near asylum, Davidson county, Teun., 
January 3, 1S63, and died January 10, lStiS. 

Private Davis, killed in battle at Franklin, Tenn., April, 1SG3. 

Private Oliver E. Hendrix, killed in the advance on Chattanooga, Tenn., after 
the battle of Chickaruauga, September 23, 1S63. 

Private Arthur Mercer, killed on scout in White county, Tenn., December, 
1863. 

Private W. E. Xiblett, killed on scout in White county, Tenn., December, 1863. 

Private Miles Bonnet, killed on scf»ut near McMinnville, Tenn., December, 
1803. 

Private Wyatt Humble, killed on scout near McMinnville, Tenn., December, 
1863. 

Private George Hennessee, killed on scout near McMinnville, Tenn., December, 
* 1863. • 

From the beginning of the "Hood campaign" till the close of the war the 
regiment was under command of Gen. Forrest as a part of Bell's brigade, Jack- 
son's division. The companies of the regiment, being all from Middle Tennessee, 
were nearly all detailed by Gen. iI< T od on the campaign for important and in 
many instances delicate service. Their knowledge of the country and acquaint- 
ance with the people made their services on tins campaign particularly valuable. 
Space is not hero afforded to set forth in detail the many heroic acts of these brave 
and patriotic men, sent forth as individuals, as squads, as companies, and squad- 






Regimental Histobles and Memorial Rolls. 



'07 



rons to execute the orders of their superior officers. Once more on the soil of 
their dear old Middle Tennessee, after a long and trying exile from home, kin- 
dred, and friends — hoping that victory would perch on their banners, and that the 

cruel war would soon be over — their enthusiasm and daring knew no bounds. 
They had hearts for any fate, and it is no exaggeration to say that their services, 
so efficiently performed, were invaluable to the army. 

The regiment returned with the remnant of Hood's army south of the Tennes- 
see River about the last of December, 1SG4; fought and repulsed the Federal 
cavalry near Leighton, Ala., in January, 1865; camped in the vicinity of West 
Point and Verona, Miss., during the months of February and March, 1865. About 
the last of March, as a portion of Jackson's division, it was sent to meet the Wil- 
son raid, which penetrated the State of Alabama and captured Selma. The regi- 
ment did not reach Selma in time to participate in the lighting there, but on the 
2d of April, as a part of Jackson's division, met and handsomely drove McCook's 
division, killing, wounding, and capturing a number of the enemy. This was the 
last engagement in which the regiment participated. 

At West Point, Miss., in February, LSG-3, the Tenth and Eleventh Tennessee 
Cavalry were consolidated, Col. Ilolman, of the Eleventh, being assigned to the 
command. Lieut.-col. Win. E. Demoss having been previously captured, Mai. 
John Minor, of the Tenth, was the only iield officer at the time with that regi- 
ment, and he retained the same position in the consolidated regiment. At the 
same time Capt. W. It. Garrett, who had formerly served as the Adjutant of the 
regiment, was promoted to the Captaincy of Swaim's company. Lieut. J. M. 
Nevils had previously, for the most part, commanded the company. He was 
faithful, brave, and true. The promotion of Capt. Garrett to the Captaincy of 
this company was most richly deserved and truly Avon, and was but a feeble rec- 
ognition o^' his merits as a soldier and a man. A native of Virginia, he served 
with distinction the rirst twelve months of the war as Captain of artillery in -the 
Army of Virginia. In their official reports of the 'battle near Williamsburg, 
Va., May -5, 1SG2, both Gens. Longstreet and Stuart allude, in terms of commen- 
dation, to his efficiency as an officer. Referring to him and his battery of four 
guns, Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, in his report, says: "I will here pay a merited tribute 
to the excellence of the execution done by them, commanded by Capt. W. Rob- 
ertson Garrett, who, notwithstanding the hailstorm of bullets and shells, kept up 
an accurate and incessant fire upon the enemy's battery until it was silenced, and 
then upon his line after the brigades of infantry in the woods to the right had 
driven the enemy to the edge of the woods near the Telegraph road. . . The 
artillery thus gave most essential aid to our infantry in their advance of triumph 
over ever}- position the enemy took, until he was entirely routed." A gentleman 
of ability, culture, and intelligence, always loyal to principle, brave in action, and 
faithful in the discharge of duty, his services to the regiment had been invaluable, 
and won for him the unbounded confidence and esteem not only of the regiment, 
but of all who knew him. 

In the space here allotted it is not possible to give the achievements of each of 
the companies while on detached service during the war. While each has a his- 
tory identified with the regiment as heretofore given, at the same time each has 
a distinctive history in a measure separate from it, and to which reference has not 
been made, except in a few instances suggested by the connection. From some 



OS Military Annals of Tennessee. 



of the companies very meager reports have been furnished the writer, so that in 
a large measure he has had to rely on his recollection of events, which, after the 
lapse of twenty years, lias doubtless failed to serve him in many instances. The 
rosters, muster-roils, orders, and reports were lost or destroyed by the casualties 
of war. He has derived much assistance from the diary of John W. Jordan, pri- 
vate in Capt. Millers company, and from brief reports made him by Capts. Mar- 
tin, Coffee, Garrett, Perkins, and Rivers. The writer believes that the companies 
alike deserve equal credit, and if greater prominence has been given some com- 
panies or individuals than to others doubtless as meritorious, it is only because 
more data have been furnished by some than others. For this the writer cannot 
be blamed, since lie tried to get from all the companies alike full reports; besides, 
not one-half the achievements worthy of record could be compressed in this brief 
sketch, so that the duty of selecting such as might prove of most interest has de- 
volved upon the writer. In the performance of this duty he may have, and 
doubtless has, made many mistakes. 

Martin's company Suffered casualties as follows: 

Killed. 

■: 

Second Lieutenant A. S. Chapman, killed at Fort Donelson, February 3, 18G3. 

Private Hill Pvoy, killed at Fort Donelson, February 3, 1863. 

Private F. L. Swansem, mortally wounded in a charge on Hillsboro pike, nine 
miles from Nashville, March 2-3} 1S63. 

Private Thomas Allen, killed at Bainbridge, Ala., in April, 1863. 

Private Jerome B. Dodson, killed at Mossv Creek, East Tennessee, December 
27, 1863. 

Private Edward H. Pointer, killed on Lick Creek, Hickman county, Tenn., 
after he had surrendered, May 7, 1861. 

Wounded. 

Private A. C. Terrill, at Fort Donelson, February 3, 1863. 

Private W. L. Nicholson, at Sand Mountain, in Streight's raid. May 1, 1S63. 

Private W. J. Terrill, near Triune. Tenn., in June, 1863. 

Private James Boxley, at Mossy Creek, Tenn., December 24, 1863. 

First Lieutenant Thomas Banks, at Dalton, Ga., May 9, 1864. 

Private W. M. Simmons, at Dalton, Ga., May 9, 1864. 

Captured. 
Private Randall Giilespie, at Mossy Creek, East Tennessee, December 29, 1863. 
Private Tyree Holland, near Calhoun, Ga., May 17, 1864. 
Private Robert Rogers, near Calhoun, Ga., May 17, 1864. 
Private Thomas E. Caperton, near Calhoun, Ga., May 17, 1864. 
Private Morris L. Bond, on picket at Poe's Cross-roads, August 21, 1863. 
Private J. A. McGann, near Franklin, Tenn., June, 1S63. 
Private John Blackburn, near Franklin, Tenn., June, 1863. 
Private R. G. Blackburn, near Franklin, Tenn., June, 1863. 
Private John Murphey, near Thompson's Station, July, 1864. 

Died. 
Private Carroll Sparkman, near Parrott.-ville, East Tennessee, March, 1864. 
Private Win. L. Shaw, near Columbia, Tenn., February, 1863. 



Eegimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 709 

Total killed, six; wounded, six; captured, nine; died, two; total casualties, 
twenty-three. 

Private Edward H. Pointer, a young man of intelligence and promise, was 
murdered by the Federal troops after he had. surrendered. They took his own 
pistol and shot him. Pointer was on detached service as a scout, and was capt- 
ured at or near the house of Mr. Bradford, on Lick Creek, in Hickman county, 
Tenn., on the 7th of May, LS'34. The company who murdered him is said to 
have been commanded at the time by one Captain or Lieut. Creecy. 

Martin's company did much valuable special and detached service which there 
is not space here to recount. Only a few days before the surrender, and ab< at 
the last of April, 18(55, Gen. Forrest selected Capt, Martin, with his company, to 
perform a delicate and important work connected with the service, and of special 
iuterest to Tennesseans. This mission, requiring a week for its execution, was 
performed in a prompt and sati.-faetory manner. Though never having in any 
instance violated the usages of civilized warfare, nor tolerated it in his men, this 
brave and noble officer was compelled to suffer the pain and mortification of hav- 
ing his dwelling-house burned and his wife and five little children turned out-of- 
doors by Federal troops without food, shelter, or clothing, while he was far away 
in the South with his command, battling for what he believed was the right. 
This helpless family were denied the privilege of saving from the devouring 
flames a few articles of necessity, and were relentlessly driven out. Some of the 
officers, be it said to their credit, protested against this outrage on civilization, and 
turned away from the sickening sight, saying they would have no lot or part in it. 
The name of the officer directing this outrage is withheld, but can be easily 
learned from almost any person living in the vicinity of Thompson's Station, 
Tenn., near which place the house was burned. 

Lieuts. P>anks, Chaney, and Critz were good and true officers, and rendered Capt. 
Martin efficient service in tiie command of the company. Special commendation 
is due Lieut. John M. Critz for his faithfulness, bravery, and devotion to duty. 

Perkins's Co. I. 

Capt. Thomas F. Perkins, jr., the commander of this company, was eighteen 
years old when he entered the service in June, 1861, and had just graduated at 
the Western Military Institute, at Nashville. He was active in recruiting for an 
artillery company, of which Pichard Green was chosen Captain and himself First 
Lieutenant. The battery had six guns. Shortly after the organization of the 
company Capt. Green died, and the command devolved upon Lieut. Perkins. It 
took conspicuous part in the first battle at Fort Donelson, losing eight men killed 
and fourteen wounded. The men and guns were surrendered, with the other Con- 
federate troops, at Fort Donelson, but Capt. Perkins, after three days of impris- 
onment, made his escape. Fie came back to his home in Williamson county, and 
lost no time in recruiting and organizing an independent cavalry company of six- 
ty-five men. On the day after the organization of the company, in July, lSti'2, 
armed with eleven shot-guns and about as many pistols all told, this company, 
under command of Capt. Perkins, at Brentwood attacked a company of Federal 
cavalry of eighty men — guarding a foraging-train of thirty wagons, loaded with 
corn and meat taken from the citizens of that neighborhood — killed eight of the 
enemy, captured the Captain ^Garrett ) and seventeen of his men. In this action 



710 



Military Annals or Tennessee. 



Lieut. Kirby and three men of Perkins's company Mere wounded.. Perkins's com- 
pany burned the wagons and carried off about one hundred and fifty nudes. A 
few days afterward Perkins's company, on the Charlotte pike near Nashville, sur- 
rounded and captured a Federal picket post, killing- two of the Federals and capt- 
uring seven. A. M. Davidson, the pilot, was mortally wounded. 

In October, 1862, Perkins's company, in connection with Capt. Hayes Black- 
burn, burned the bridge across Big llarpeth, below Franklin, Term., and on the 
some day attacked and defeated a large foraging party, guarded by about three 
hundred infantry, killing and wounding a number of the enemy and capturing 
one Major, two Captains, one Lieutenant, and fifteen men. 

In the latter part of June, 1863, tins company attacked about two hundred of 
the enemy on Col. John Overton's farm, killed two, captured twenty whites and 
about one hundred and fifty negroes, and about one hundred wagons and teams. 
On the night of the same day, at Franklin, a detachment of the company, under 
Capt. Perkins, captured a picket post, including the Captain commanding, a Ser- 
geant, and a Corporal. « 

In trying to get South with a number of the wagons and prisoners which had 
been taken in the vicinity of Nashville and Franklin, the company was overtaken 
about the 1st of July at Pulaski, and was forced to abandon the prisoners and 
wagons, losing seven men captured. It was with difficulty that the company 
reached the south side of the Tennessee Kiver, being so hard pressed by the ene- 
my. In all the>e operations Capt. Perkins was materially assisted in the com- 
mand by his brave and dashing officers, Lieuts. John Bostick, M. Kirby, and Sol. 
Ilozell." 

In December, 1803, while recruiting in Middle Tennessee under orders from 
Gen. "Wheeler, Capt. Perkins was captured; incarcerated for fifteen days in the 
jail at Franklin; came near being hanged by the Federal authorities on the charge 
of bush-whacking, being mistaken for another man of the same name; was sent 
to the penitentiary at Nashville, where he was imprisoned about a week; was car- 
ried thence to the military prison at Louisville, where lie remained four weeks; 
was ordered to Camp Chase, Ohio, as a prisoner of war; effected his escape at Sey- 
mour, Ind., and made his way back to Louisville, where he was again captured; 
was then chained to a thirty-two-pound ball and carried to Camp Chase, where he 
remained two months; thence he was taken to Fort Delaware; again made his 
escape through a net-work of guards, and was captured while ti'ying to swim the 
bay with canteens tied about his body for buoys; was selected, with six hundred 
other Confederate officers, for retaliatory purposes, and placed in front of Forts 
Gregg and Wagner, exposed for forty-eight days to the tire of the Confederate 
guns; again attempted his escape by trying to swim to the shore with the aid of 
a life-preserver; drifted on an island, where, after five days, he was picked up in 
a famished condition. In July, 1864, he was sent to Fort Pulaski, at the mouth 
of the Savannah Biver. While on the way he again attempted his escape by 
sawing a hole in the hull of the ship; was detected and taken from the ship and 
placed in the casemate of the fort, where he remained four weeks. With two hun- 
dred others he was again chosen for retaliatory purposes, carried to Hilton Head, 
and placed in close confinement: cut a hole with his pocket-knife through the 
floor of the cell and, with Gen. Fowlk, of North Carolina, made his escape; was 
captured and taken back; again escaped by putting on a Federal uniform; 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 711 






was again captured; was then placed in a log cell four feet square, kept there 
about four weeks, and Jed through the cracks, without bed-clothing, and with n<> 
room to lie down. About this time he, with others, was sent to Fortress Monroe 
fur exchange. Out of the two hundred prisoners originally confined at Hilton 
Head only about ninety-six were able to be moved, the others being tither dead 
or sick. On reaching Fortress Monroe, instead of being exchanged, he was car- 
ried on to Fort Delaware, where he remained till the 20th of June, I860, when 
he was released from prison, and returned to his old home in "Williamson count}, 
Tenn. 

Perkins's company, while on detached service, killed, wounded, and captured 
about five hundred men of the enemy; and lost in killed, wounded, and captured 
about twenty-five men, a list of whom, except to a very partial extent, has not 
been furnished the writer. 

Gordon's Co. E. 

The following is a partial list of the casualties of this company: 

Killed. 

Second Lieutenant Henry Collins, at Fort Donelson, February 3, lSt33. 

Private John T. Dillahay, at Fort Donelson, February 3, 1863. 

Private Brant Tillman, at Fort Donelson, February 3, 1803. 

Private John Camper, near Moulton, Ala., on Streight's raid, May 1, 1863. 

Private "VVni. Ballentine, at Chickamauga. September 20, 1863. 

Wounded. 

Private John Kambo, at Fort Donelson, February 3, 1S63. 

Private Tobe Malone, at Fort Donelson, February 3, 13G3. 

Private Thomas T. Martin, at Fort Donelson, February 3, 1863. 

Private Mirabeau Gordon, at Dandridge, Tenn., January, 1863> 

Private Claton Stroud, near Dandridge, Tenn., January 29, 1S63. 

Private James C. Pickens, at Resaca, Ga., May 13, 1863. 

Private Wade Terry, at Resaca, Ga., May 13, IS 63. 

Captain Andrew R. Gordon, at New Hope, Ga., May 31, 1S63. 

Private C. Buford, at New Hope, Ga., May 31, 1863. 

The names of the captured have not been furnished. 
. This company was a splendid body of men, who fought well and did much spe- 
cial service, an account of which has not been furnished for this sketch. After 
Capt. Gordon was wounded the command of the company devolved upon Lieut. 
James M. Edmondson, who was always true and faithful. Lieuts. Robert Gordon 
and George Rothrock were also excellent officers — brave and true. 

This company is mentioned by Capt. James Rivers in his report as having be- 
haved with great gallantry on Streight's raid, a number of interesting incidents 
being detailed by him. This company, in connection with Capt. Rivers' s com- 
pany, did excellent service in holding the bridge across Town Creek against a su- 
perior force. A number of the enemy were killed and wounded. 

RrvERsfe Co. K. 

The following is a partial list of the casualties of this company: 



712 Military annals of Tennessee. 



Killed. 

Private Wm, Gordon, near Cornersville, Tenn., December, 1862. 

Orderly Sergeant Wm. McNairy, near Chattanooga, Tenn., September 23, 1SG3. 

Private James Newton Paisley, at L'nitia, Tenn., November 1, 1S63. 

Others were killed, and a number wounded and captured, but their names have 
not been furnished the writer. 

This company did much special service, and always did its whole duty in bat- 
tle. Gen. Forrest sent Capt. Rivers, in command of his own and Gordcm's com- 
pany, to hold and prevent the crossing of a large Federal force over Old Town 
Creek; al>o by a gallant charge this same squadron rescued from the enemy Capt. 
W. H. Forrest, who was badly wounded on Sand Mountain during the Streight 
raid. 

On the 12th of July, 1863, Gen. Bragg sent Capt. Rivers into Middle Tennessee 
with important papers. Gen. Forrest selected him as the most suitable man thai 
could be found for the mission, and went with him in person to Gen. Bragg, 
Middle Tenner-see was wholly in possession of the enemy. Capt. Rivers per- 
formed the prescribed work satisfactorily, and returned within a month, having 
ridden in all over eight hundred miles to make the round trip. 

Garrett^ Co. B. 
There were no better fighting men in the regiment than this company (for- 
merly SwaimYj. Till Capt. Garrett was promoted to the Captaincy and took 
command it was for the most part commanded by Lieut. J. M. Xevils, than whom 
there was no truer or better soldier. Capt. Garrett commanded it from February 
to May, 1865, a period of about three months. Capt. M. M. Swaim was wounded 
at Fort Donelson, Feb. 3, 1863, and was not with the command a great deal after- 
ward. There were a number of casualties to the company, but a list of them 
has not been furnished. 

Miller's Co. C. 

The following is a partial list of the losses of this company: 

Killed. 
Private Eohraim Sheffield, at Dandridge, Tenn., January, 1864. 
Private Alf. Snell, at Guntersville, Ala., February, 1S65. 
Private W. Bruce, at Guntersville, Ala., February, 1S65. 

Wounded. 
Private John Bailey, at Thompson's Station, Tenn., April, 1S63. 
Private A. B. Robinson, near Acworth, Ga., May 28, 1364. 
Private A. J. Cole, near Acworth, Ga., Mav 28, 1864 

Captured. 

Privates J. Z. B. Hunter, J. C. Williams, Robert Bailey, Jos. Billington, Ed- 
ward Royster, John Bruce, W. S. Fisher, Wesley Williamson, Enoch Kelley, 
Dade Smith., Sergt. P. M. W. McConnell, Lieut. Wm. W. Braden, Lieut. Frank 
Rainey, and two others whose names are not remembered, at Middleton, Tenn. 
Jan. 31, 1863. 

Private Whit. Random, on Sand Mountain, on Streight raid, May 1, 1S63. 

Private John A. Taylor, near Chattanooga, Tenn., August, 1863. 



Regimental Histoetes and Memorial Rolls. 713 



Privates Joseph Bugg and Frank Williamson, at Mossy Creek. Tenn., Dec 29, 
1863. 

Privates Thos. Boyd, Hex. Drumright, Wm. King, Elias King, and Thomas 
AppersoBj at Morganton, Tenn., Dee. 20, 1863. 

Xo truer patriot fought under the Stars and Pars than Capt. Miller, He was nn 
old man— some sixty years of age. lie had served as Colonel of the .Seventeenth 
Tennessee Infantry the first year of the war. Ordinarily this would have suffice*! 
a man of his age. Not so with Capt. Miller. He felt it to be his duty to fight 
till the last, and he surrendered his company on the 11th day of May, I860, when 
the war was over. No danger was so great or hardship so trying as to daunt this 
patriot of lion heart, and right faithfully did his company follow him. This com- 
pany, it may be safely stated, performed services inferior to none in bravery and 
efficiency. 

Rust's Co. L. 

No list of casualties lias been furnished from this company (formerly Brew- 
ster's). The loss in killed, wounded, and captured was heavy. The men of this 
company were brave and faithful. Lieut. Past was an excellent officer, and al- 
ways at his post. Too much could not be said in his praise. Lieut. J. P. Wood, 
a good officer, assisted in the command. The other officers named in the roster 
were not long with the command. 

Lytle's Co. D. 
The following is a partial list of the casualties to this company : 

Killed. 
Private James (Buck) Smith, near Dalton, Ga., May, 1864. 
Private Thos. King (scout), Guntersville, Ala., December, 1863. 
Private Eldridge Smotherman (scout), Guntersville, Ala. 

Wounded. 

Private A. J. Baugh, at Adairsville, Ga., May, 1S64. 

Captured. 

Privates Frank Turner, James Smotherman, Alonzo McClain, near Fosterville. 
Tenn., on the Hood campaign. They were condemned to be shot by the Federal 
General Vancleave, commanding at Murfreesboro; were taken to the place of 
execution, when Gen. Rosecrans countermanded the order, and they were re- 
manded to prison. Smotherman died in prison. 

Capt. Lytle was not much with the company, on account of sickness. Capt. 
Cooney and Lieuts. I. H, Butler and N. P. Marable were brave, faithful, and efii- 
cient. There were no braver or more patriotic men in the service than this com- 
pany. It performed much valuable detached service, and it is regretted that an 
account of such service has not been furnished. It is remembered that private 
James (Buck) Smith was killed in battle in front of Dalton, Ga., May 9. 1863, and 
that its aggregate of losses in killed, wounded, and captured was perhaps as great 
as any other company in the regiment. 

Situated as was the Confederate cavalry— for long periods without a base of sup- 
plies — keeping it in supplies was an Herculean task, requiring antiring energy, 
constant watchfulness, and ceaseless labor. It would be improper to cluse this 



7T± Military Annals of Tennessee. 



sketch without special mention of Sergt. R. Pitts Brown, of Capt. James Rivera's 
company, in the ordnance department; Sergt. C. S. Williamson, of Capt. J. T. 
Martin's company, privates John W. Jordan and Joe Brittain, of Capt. T. C. IT. 
Miller's company, in the quartermaster's department; Sergt. Joseph L. Bangh, of 
Capt. Lytle's company, and John Clint Johnson, of Capt. Andrew R. Gordon's 
company, in the commissary department. The regiment was often compelled to 
subsist for months at a time on the country through which it passed or in which 
it was encamped. It is difficult to appreciate the magnitude of the labors per- 
formed by these noble men in providing food for man and beast. Often they were 



compelled to divide with the citizen the little pittance left him. It was alway 



done, however, without harshness or cruelty, and by their kindness and courtesy 
they did much to mitigate the hardships which they were compelled to inflict on 
the people; and they won the esteem and confidence of the citizens wherever it 
was the fortune of the command to be cast. In the quartermaster's department 
privates Burke Bond and Coge Alexander, of Capt. Martin's company, from time 
to time rendered valuable assistance. Private Burke Bond, in the absence of Ad- 
jutant Garrett, frequently acted as Adjutant of the regiment, lie had the capac- 
ity to fill well any position in the regiment, and was always ready to perform 
cheerfully any duty assigned him. 



1 

HOLMAN'S BATTALION— "PARTISAN RANGERS." 

This battalion was raised under commission from J. P. Benjamin, Secretary of 
War of the Confederate States, bearing date June 27, 1862, directed to Maj. D. 
W, Holnian, who had the twelve months previous served in the Army of .Vir- 
ginia as Major of the Fir^t Tennessee Infantry (Col. P. Turney's regiment). The 
battalion consisted of four companies, to wit: 

1. Captain Jacob T. Martin's company, one hundred and forty men. Enlisted 
in Williamson county, Tenn., in the month of August, 1SG2. 

2. Captain Moses M. Swaim's company, one hundred men. Enlisted in Mar- 
shall county, Tenn., in the month of August, 18G2. 

5. Captain Andrew R. Gordon's company, one hundred and sixty men. En- 
listed in Giles county, Tenn., in the month of September, 1862. 

4. Captain James Rivers's company, one hundred men. Enlisted in Giles 
county, Tenn., in the months of September and October, 1SG2. 

About the middle of October, 1SC2, the battalion was organized, went into camp, 
and for about one month was subjected to drill and military discipline preparatory 
to active field duty. While thus engaged details were called for to assist in en- 
forcing the conscript law and arresting deserters from the army. In arresting one 
Wm. Meadows, a deserter, private Wm. Gordon, of Capt. Rivers's company, was 
killed near Cornersville, Tenn. Meadows shot him from a crack in his house, 
for which he was tried by court-martial at Murfreesboro a few days afterward and 
shot. A few days before the killing of Gordon, Meadows had shot and severely 
wounded private Mai. ne, of Capt. Gordon's company. 

About the 1st of December, 1SG2, Maj. Holman, with his battalion, reported for 
duty to Maj. -gen. Joseph Wheeler, in compliance with orders received by him 
from Maj.-gen. John C. Breckinridge commanding at Murfreesboro. < fen. Wheel- 
er, with his command, was encamped in the vicinity of La Vergne. The battalion 

i 
i 



Begimextal Histories and Memorial Rolls. IV 



was on duty near La Vergne for two or three weeks, and participated in several 
skirmishes between La Vergne and Nashville. 

About the middle of December Gen. Wheeler ordered Maj. Ilolman, with his 
battalion, to make a reconnoissanee to the enemy's left. This could not be suc- 
cessfully done except at night and by traveling through woods and unfrequented 
routes. Procuring a guide familiar with the country, the command moved with 
rapidity till within a few miles of the Federal camps at McWhirtersvilie; then, 
by crossing Stone's Eiver where there was no regular ford, and moving as noise- 
lessly as possible, about two o'clock in the morning the command passed between 
a large body of Federal infantry and cavalry and their pickets, without being sus- 
pected or giving alarm. Passing near the Federal camps while the Federal sol- 
diers were soundly asleep, information as to their strength, position, etc., was o(>- 
tained. Daylight being near, it was impossible for the battalion to escape capt- 
ure except by recrossing the river at a ford guarded by Federal pickets. No 
time was to be lost, and the battalion moved promptly in the direction of the pick- 
ets. When within a few steps of them they ordered the command to halt. They 
were evidently puzzled to know the meaning of the movement, or whether friends 
or foes approached, till ordered to surrender. They declined to surrender, but 
opened lire. Martin's company, which was in front, responded with a well-di- 
rected fire from their double-barrel shot-guns. Some of the pickets made their 
escape through the thick underbrush, but the most of them, with their horses, 
were killed or wounded. One of the Federal soldiers fell mortally wounded in 
the little fire by which he was warming. The Confederates took him out of the 
fire and laid him near his dead anil dying comrades. Gathering up the improved 
arms left scattered around, and such horses as were not killed or badly wounded, 
the battalion recrosserl Stone's River, and moved briskly in the direction of its 
camps till out of reach of the enemy, who had been thoroughly aroused by the 
firing, as indicated by the sound of drums and bugles. 

On the 22d of December Gen. Wheeler ordered Maj. Holman to the extrene 
Federal right, at and beyond Franklin, to find out as much as possible as to the 
Federal strength and movements. While on this scout, and on the 25th of De- 
cember, the battalion encountered a large foraging party within about eight or ten 
miles of Nashville on the Nolensville pike. Ten Federals were killed, and eleven 
prisoners, five wagons, and a number of mules captured. The casualties to the 
battalion were only slight. The battalion returned to Murfreesboro on the night 
of the 29th of December, reaching there just in time to make the raid with the 
remainder of the cavalry under Wheeler in the rear of Posecrans's army. Tak- 
ing the Lebanon turnpike, the rear of Rosecrans's army was reached before day- 
light. Shortly after sunup the Federals at Jefferson, about two thousand strong^ 
were encountered. They fought stubbornly for about an hour, but were compelled 
to yield. Here many prisoners, wagons, mules, etc., were captured. La Vergne 
was soon reached, where the enemy was in some force. The Nashville and Mur- 
freesboro turnpike was full of wagons for several miles carrying supplies to the 
Federal army, which had passed on toward Murfreesboro. The heavy escorts 
guarding the train at first contested the capture of the wagons, but they weresonr. 
beaten and many of them taken prisoners. The wagons and contents were 
burned. The mules drawing them were taken loose and brought away for the use 



716 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



of the Confederacy. In like manner wagon-trains and prisoners were captured at 
Nolensville and Shannon's Cross-roads. 

On the night of the 30th of December the extreme circuit of the Federal army 
had been made. But little rest was taken on this night, as none had been on the 
night before. On the morning of the 31st, before day, Wheeler hastened to 
Bragg's left, where the day was spent in skirmishing, and with some casualties to 
the command. The cavalry was again sent to the Federal rear, again striking 
Roseeran&'s army near La Vergne, capturing many prisoners and destroying wagons 
and stores. .Dr. Patterson, a prominent citizen of Davidson county, was killed, 
and Maj. Clarence Prentice was badly wounded. There were other casualties to 
the Confederates on this raid. The cavalry, after inflicting all the damage possi- 
ble to the rear of the Federal army, returned to the front, near Murfreesboro, 
where the two armies were still engaged, and participated in the fighting of Jan- 
uary 2d. Ko rest or sleep was afforded the cavalry from Monday to Saturday. 
On Saturday night Bragg's army fell back from Murfreesboro toward Shelbyvilie, 
the cavalry covering the retreat. Men and horses were completely exhausted. 
The battalion, with a large part of the other Confederate cavalry, was sent toward 
Manchester. Tenn., to recruit and picket. 

On the Stkof January, 18(53, Gen. Wheeler took the main part of his command, 
including Ilolman's battalion, and started for the Cumberland River below Nash- 
ville to harass the enemy and interrupt his communications. The disabled horses 
were sent to Lincoln county to be recruited. On reaching the Cumberland River 
a detachment of the cavalry, including the battalion, captured, a number of pris- 
oners, three transports, and one gun-boat, commanded by Lieut. Van Dorn, a rel- 
ative of the Confederate General Earl Van Dorn. Gen. "Wheeler at once with- 
drew all of his command to other points, except the battalion, the First Alabama 

Cavalry, commanded by Maj. Hodgson, and one piece of light artillery. 

The command was given Maj. Holman with instructions to harass the enemy as 
much as possible by impeding the navigation of the Cumberland, by destroying 
boats and stores, and capturing prisoners. Learning that the Federals had a large 
collection of commissary and other stores a few miles above and on the north 
side of the Cumberland River at Ashland, the county-seat of Cheatham county, 
it was determined to destroy them at all hazards. The stores were guarded by a 
hundred or more of Federal cavalry. There was no way to cross the river but by 
fording and swimming it. Maj. Holman called for volunteers to go with him on 
this expedition. Forty men out of the two commands, including Maj. Hodgson, 
promptly responded. The crossing of the river was perilous, but all reached the 
opposite shore in safety. Dashing into the village of Ashland at full speed, the 
Federals, supposing this squad of Confederates to be the advance of a large com- 
mand, fled from the place in disorder. After several hours hard work, during 
which time the rain poured down in torrents, this little squad destroyed by burn- 
ing and throwing into the river a very large quantity of stores, which would have 
been duly appreciated by the stinted Confederates if it had been possible to get 
them across the river. The river was rising, and on recrossing it late in the even- 
ing several of the men were carried down the stream by the strong current, and 
were almost drowned. It grew cold rapidly, and the rain turned into sleet 
and snow. The men were thoroughly wet. All suffered, and many of them came 
near freezing to death. After traveling several miles in the darkness and snow, 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 717 






the command was forced to camp and build fires. The remainder of the nipht 
was spent in hovering over the fires and drying wet clothing. 

About the 17th of January the battalion destroyed the steam-boat "Mary 
Crane," heavily laden with stores, one item being seventy-five barrels of parched 
cotiee. The ''boys in gray" were truly grieved to see this genuine coffee licked up 
by the devouring flames. Two or three days later another gun-boat was crippled 
by the small piece of artillery which accompanied the battalion. A number of 
engagements were had, the enemy turning on the command in many instances the 
artillery of several gun-boats, which kept watch and guarded the river. During 
the three weeks the battalion patrolled the Cumberland from the vicinity of Nash- 
ville to a point below Clarksville. A number of prisoners were captured. There 
was no way to take care of them — the battalion having enough to do to take care of 
itself — and it was deemed advisable to turn them loose on taking "the oath to bear 
true faith and allegiance to the Confederate States of America," etc. The prison- 
ers were not slow in availing themselves of this opportunity to show their alle- 
giance to the Confederacy; indeed, they seemed glad to be able to ''return the 
compliment," and, while some doubts were at the time entertained as to whether 
the "boys in blue" would strictly observe this iron-clad oath, it is proper to state 
that not a single instance of its violation was ever reported to those head-quarters. 

About the 1st of February, 1863, Maj. Ho'lmaii received orders from Gen. 
Wheeler to join him on his route to Dover, Tenn., on the Cumberland Eiver. 
Through Capt. Rivers and other reliable scouts sent from the battalion informa- 
tion of the Federal force at Dover had been obtained, and was promptly communi- 
cated to Gens. Wheeler and Forrest. Dover was reached on the evening of the 
3d of February, after a hard march over bad roads through the cold. The garri- 
son was attacked by the combined forces of Wheeler and Forrest, first on horse- 
back and then on foot. The battalion occupied a position near the extreme right, 
and lost in the action twenty-five men — nine killed and sixteen wounded. Among 
the killed were Lieut. A. S. Chapman and private Hill Roy, of Capt. Martin's 
company, and Lieut. Henry Collins, of Capt. Gordon's company. Private Roy 
was at the time acting as Orderly for Maj. Holman, and fell in the charge within 
a few feet of the Federal breastworks. The men of the entire command acted 
with great gallantry in the charge upon the enemy's works. Maj. Holman was 
severely wounded, being shot through the thigh, and was wholly disabled from 
the service for about four months. 

When the battalion first went into service it was badly armed and equipped. 
Double-barrel shot-guns — the most of them of inferior quality— for the most part 
constituted the armament. There were a few smooth-bore muskets, and scarcely 
a long-range gun in the command. Now nearly every man was armed with an 
improved long-range gun and good equipments taken from the enemy in battle. 

On the 20th of February, 1803, the battalion, against the wishes of even* man 
composing it, was taken to form a part of the Eleventh Tennessee Cavalry, and 
from that time till the close of the war its history is identified with the history 
of that regiment. 



718 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



I 

BATTALION ROSTERS. 
Holman's Battaltois (Partisan Rangers). 

The roster of nolman's Battalion (partisan rangers) at the date of organization, Get. 15, 1S02, 

was as follows : 

Field and Staff. 

Holman, D. W., Major commanding. I Burner, A. M., Assistant Commissar}". 

Bond, John P., Lieutenant and Adjutant. I Williamson, C. S., (Quartermaster Sergeant. 
Cove, Jesse D, Surgeon. Johnson. J. Clint, Commissary Sergeant, 

Allen, Junius, Assistant Quartermaster. Brown, R. Pitts, Ordnance Sergeant. 

Martin's Company. 

Martin, Jacob T.. Captain. , j Critz, Thomas L., Third Sergeant. 

Banks. Thomas* First Lieutenant. j Shaw, Win. A., Fourth Sergeant. 

I Chaney, David Sv, Second Lieutenant. ; Lea. A. J., First Corporal. 

Chapman, A. S., Junior Second Lieutenant. I Vv'ut, James H., Second Corporal. 

Critz, John SJ., First Sergeant. Parish, Frank, Third Corporal. 

Chaney, W. T., Second Sergeant. ' Allen, Thomas, Fourth Corporal. 

| Gordon's Company. 

Gordon, Andrew R., Captain 



Garrett, John A., Third Sergeant. 
Inman, David A., Fourth Sergeant. 
Dabney, George W., First Corporal. 



McClure, George E., First Lieutenant. 
Collins. Henry, Second Lieutenant. 
I Coliins, Robert J., Junior Second Lieutenant. > MeMlilon, Gus. II., Second Corporal. 

Lewis, Lee, First Sergeant. ■ Kothrock. George W., Third Corporal. 

Gordon, Robert, Second Sergeant. ' Oliver, Win. W., Fourth Corporal. 

Swaim's Company. 

Swaim, Moses M., Captain. I Nevils. John M., Junior Second Lieutenant. 

Ferguson, James, First Lieutenant. j Nevils, Watt, First Sergeant. 

Swaim, James, Second Lieutenant. Wilson, Robert, Second Sergeant. 

Names of the other non-commissioned officers not remembered. 
I 

Eivers's Company. 

Rivers, James. Captain. | Brown, R. Pitts, First Sergeant. 



Baugn,.Wm. IL, First Lieutenant. 
McNairy, Robert, Second Lieutenant. 
Zucarillo, Joseph, Second Lieutenant. 



Wells, W. T., Second Sergeant. 
Frazier, Robert, Third Sergeant. 



Douglass's Battalion (Partisan Rangers). 

Field and Staff. 
Douglass, D. C , Major commanding. I Schell, H. A., Surgeon. 

Garrett, W. R., Lieutenant and Adjutant. j Boude, Rev. H. B.. Chaplain. 

Allen, John D., Captain and Assistant Quarter- Cantreli, Chas., Quartermaster Sergeant, 
master. 

Harvey's Company. 

Harvey, , Captain. ! Long, , First Lieutenant. 

This company was transferred, soon after the battle of Murfreesboro, to a Kentucky regi- 
ment 

Perkins's Company'. 

Pencins, Thos. F., Captain. I Sawyers, Willis, First Serjeant. 

Bostick, John C, First Lieutenant. ' Inman. Reuben, Second Sergeant 

Clouston, Richard, Second Lieutenant. j Perkins, W.C., Third Sergeant. 

Kirby, Malachi. Junior Second Lieutenant. I Cannon, X. C, Fourth Sergeant. 

Carter's Company. 
Carter, Nv.han. Captain. 
This company was transferred to MeCana'a battalion- 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



719 



Miller, Thomas C. H., Captain. 
Bradeu, W. W., First Lieutenant. 



Brewster, A. F., Captain. 

Rust, John M.j First Lieutenant. 

Lylie, John, Captain. 

Carney, John L., First Lieutenant. 

Butler, J. H., Second Lieutenant. 



CoJToe, Chatham C, Captain. 
Lowrv, J. J., First Lieutenant. 



Miller's Company. 

I Hamilton, E. G., Second Lieutenant. 

J Rainey, E. F., Junior Second Lieutenant. 

Brewster's Company. 

j Ward, James, Second Lieutenant. 

Lytle's COMPANY. 

j Marable, N. P., Junior Second Lieutenant 
Fisher, E. M., First Sergeant.. 

Coffee's Company. 

J Bruce, Robert, Second Lieutenant. 

j Durley, W. IL, Junior Second Lieutenant. 






Eleventh Tens 

The roster of the Eleventh Tennessee Cavr-.lv 

Field an 

Edmonson. James H.. Colonel commanding. 
In June, 18A3, Col. Edmonson resigned, and 
Lieut. -col. D.W. Holman was promoted Col- 
onel, and commanded the regiment till its 
surrender. 

Holman, D. '.V.. Lieutenant-colonel. 

Martin, Jacob T., Captain and actiDg Major. 

Garrett, W. R., First Lieurenant and Adjutant. 
Promoted to the Captaincy of Co. B in Feb- 
ruary, lSG-3, and Robert Miller was appointed 
Adjutant. 

Core, Jesse I'., Surgeon. 

Anderson, W, H., Assistant Surgeon. 

Gurley, O.G., Captain and Assistant Quarter- 
master. 



essee Cavalry. 

y, as organized Feb. 20, 1SC3, was as follows: 

D ST.4FF. 

Allen, John D., Captain and Assistant Commis- 
sary. Promoted Major and Assistant Com- 
missary, and assigned to Dibred's brigade. 

Pyron, John B., Sergeant-major. 

Swanson, J. J., Hospital Steward. 

Brown, R. Pitts. Ordnance Sergeant. 

Williamson, C. S., Quartermaster Sergeant. 

Baugh, J. L., Commissary Sergeant. 

Johnson, J. C, Assistant Commissary Ser- 
geant. 

Jordan, John. Forage Master. 

Brittain, Jos., Forage Master. 

Rateliffe, W., Orderly. 



Company A. 
Captain, Charles McDonald. 
In May, 1SG3, this company became a. part of McDonald's battalion. 

Company B. 
Captain, M. M. Swaim. 
Ferguson, James, Fir=t Lieutenant. ant. and commanded the company, for th€ 

Swaim, James, Second Lieutenant. \ most part, from its organization. 

Nevils, John M, Junior Second Lieutenant. Nevils, Watt, First Sergeant. 
Lieut. Nevils was promoted First Lieuten- ' Wilson, Robert, Second Sergeant. 
In February, 1865, Adjt. Garrett was promoted to the Captaincy of this company. 

Company C. 

Captain, Thos. C. H. Miller. 



Braden, «W. W., Firsc Lieutenant. 
Rainey, E. F., Second Lieutenant. 



Hamilton, Ed. G., Junior Second Lieutenant. 
Fisher, E. M., First Sergeant. 



Company D. 
Captain, John Lytle. 
Carney, John L., First Lieutenant. I Haley, John. Junior Second Lieutenant 

Johnson, Bern., second Lieutenant. j Ma.rabh\ N. P., First Sergeant. 

Lieut. John L. Carney was promoted Captain, and N. P. Marable and I. H. Cutler were elected 
Lieutenants to rii! vacancies. 



720 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Company E. 
Captain, Andrew R. Gordon. 
McClure, George E., First Lieutenant. > Garrett, John A., Third Sergeant. 

Anderson, Robert J.,Second Lieutenant. \ Inman, David A., Fourth Sergeant. 

Edmonson, James M.. Junior Second Lieuten- \ Dabney, George Vv'., Fir.-<t Corporal, 
ant. ! McMillon, Gus. II., Second Corporal. 

MeConneiL J. W.. First Sergeant. Rothroek, George W., Third Corporal. 

Gordon, Robert, Second Sergeant. I Oliver, Wm. W., Fourth Corporal. 

Lieut. Edmonson was promoted First Lieutenant, and Robert Gordon and George Rothroek 
were elected Lieutenants to fill vacancies. 

Company F. 
Captain, Phil. T. Allyn. 
In May, ISO-'?, this company, commanded by Capt, W. H. Forrest, was transferred to McDon- 
ald's battalion. 

Company G. 
Captain, Jacob T. Martin. 
Ranks, Thomas, First Lieutenant. ; Shaw, \Y. A., Third Sergeant. 



Chaney, D. S., Second Lieutenant. 
Critz, John M., Junior Second Lieutenant. 
Critz, Thos. L., First Sergeant. 
Chaney, W. T. Second Sergeant. 



Lea, A. J., First Corporal. 
Witt, James II., Second Corporal. 
Parrish, Frank, Third Corporal. 
Allen, Thomas, Fourth Corporal. 



Company H. 
Captain, Chatham Coffee. 
Lowry, J. J., First Lieutenant. 1 Durley, W. H., Junior Second Lieutenant. 

Bruce, Robert, Second Lieutenant. 

Company I. 
Captain, Thos. F. Perkins. 
Bostick, John C, First Lieutenant. | Inman. Reuben, Second Sergeant. 

Clouston, Richard, Second Lieutenant. Perkins, W. C, Third Sergeant. 

Kirby. Mnlaehi, Junior Second Lieutenant. | Cannon, N. C, Fourth Sergeant. 
Sawyers, Willis, First Sergeant. 

Private Sol. Rozeli was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the transfer of Lieut. Clouston 
to Gen. Wheeler's staff. 

Company K. 
Captain, James W. Rivers. 
Baugh, W. H., First Lieutenant. I Brown, R. Pitts, First Sergeant. 

McXairy, Robert, Second Lieutenant. I Wells, W.T., Second Sergeant. 

Zucarillo, Jos., Junior Second Lieutenant. j Frazier, Robert, Third Sergeant. 

Company L. 
Captain, A. F. Brewster. 

Bramlitt, , First Lieutenant. I Rust, John M., Junior Second Lieutenant. 

Drake, R., Second Lieutenant. 

Lieut. Rust was promoted to the Captaincy, and commanded the company, for the most part, 
during the war. J. B. Wood was elected to rill the place of Lieut. R. Drake. 



TWELFTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

Bv J. U. Gree.v, Covington, Tenw 

I G&irSQT give any thing like a correct, exact account of the Twelfth Cavalry, 
for I ana dependent on my recollection alone. I have not the scratch of a pen 
to help, and can only give general information. 

Having served in the Seventh CaVitlrV Regiment, commanded by Col. Jackson, 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 721 

in 1S62 I went to Tipton county to raise a new company. I soon succeeded, anil 
meeting with the Rev. A. Burrow, with a Colonel's commission in his pocket tu 
raise and equip a regiment of partisan rangers, I joined with him and Capt. Reu- 
ben Burrow, We then had about two hundred men. About this time Gen. Van 
Born made a raid into West Tennessee, and hearing of Burrow, ordered him to 
burn certain bridges between Jackson and Humboldt, which were strongly guard- 
ed. We obeyed the order with our raw recruits, drove the enemy off" and burned 
the bridges; but alas! we lost our Colonel, who was shot dead while leading a 
charge. Capt. Burrow and myself returned to Tipton and Shelby, and there found 
Col. R. V. Richardson, with a commission and one or two companies. "We joined 
him, and during the winter of 1SG2-3 organized the First Tennessee Partisan 
Hangers, consisting of Capts. Green, Burrow, Murry, Daley, Hicks, Bell, and 
McSpadden's companies, about lour hundred men, with Richardson, Colonel; J. 

U. Green, Lieutenant-colonel; Benson. Major; and Alex. Loving, Adjutant. 

Soon alter we were surprised and stampeded by Grierson. We got together in 
a short time, and* , f?rierson's command was sent again to drive us out. The two 
regiments camped within two miles of each other, neither knowing of the other 
being so near. During that night Sol. Cocke and I went in search of the enemy, and. 
soon found them. Returning, we reported the fact, and before day we surprised 
and cut them up very badly, aud drove them out. In a few weeks all the cavalry 
from Memphis, Jackson, and Fort Pillow came after us from every direction. 
Knowing that we could not withstand such a force — Col. Richardson being wound- 
ed in the night attack, and Maj. Benson killed — alter consultation with the officers, 
I disbanded the command. Next day I was captured, and kept a prisoner in St. 
Louis two months; was sent with others to Norfolk, Ya., and thence started for 
Fort Delaware, on board the steamer "Maple Leaf."' Not liking the idea of going 
back to prison, we knocked down the guard, seized the steamer, and ran her ashore 
near Cape Henry light-house. We escaped thence into Dismal Swamp— ninety- 
three of us, all officers. For ten days we were hunted by four regiments of Fed- 
eral cavalry, but by God's help we got safely through to Richmond. I at once 
repaired to West Tennessee, where I found Col. Richardson and the regiment. We 
then went south to Mississippi, just at the time Gen. Forrest took command, and 
were consolidated into what became the Twelfth Tennessee Cavalry, following 
Gen. Forrest to the close of the war, participating in most of the hard lighting 
and hard marching for which Gen. Forrest was famous. 

At a battle fought at Wyatt's Ferry the writer was promoted to be Colonel, 
"for gallantry on the field," as stated in the order read to the command. 

At the reorganization Richardson was made Brigadier-general; the writer was 
in command of the regiment, Capt. Reuben Burrow was made Lieutenant-colonel, 
and Bennett, Major. After the war Gen. Richardson was assassinated by an un- 
known party; Capt. Daley was killed in Hood's advance on Nashville, in a skir- 
mish; Maj. Benson was killed in the night attack at Reaves's. I am sorry I can 
give no dates. 

Official.] Twelfth Tennessee Cavalry. 

company A. 
Captain, R. H. Strickland. 

COMPANY B. 
Cap;:un, Wm. T. Carmack. 

46 



722 . Military Annals of Tennessee. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, John L. Payne. 

COMPANY D. 
Captain, J. G. McCalla. 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, S. M. Stewart. 
Moncrief, J. K., k. March -25, 18G4. I Ryan, W. R., k, April 21, 18G4. 

j COMPANY F. 

Captain, William A. Bell. 

COMPANY G. 
Captain, John H. Massey. 
Ewens, W. H., k. Dee. 2G, 1863. I Woodard, J. G., k. Oct. 9, 1863. 

Johns, B. F., k. Dee. 20, 1863. | 

I COMPANY H. 

Captain, William M. Craddock. 
COMPANY I. . 
Captain, J. H. Hiek3. 
Baereraft, W., d. I Hubbard. W. R., d. Aug. 15, 1863. 

COMPANY K. 
^ Captain, R. J. McSpadden. 



From Forrest's Campaigns. 

Twelfth Tennessee Cavalry. 

Field and Staff Officers. 
J. U. Green, Colonel; G. W. Bennett, Major: R. B. Bone, Lieutenant and Adjutant: A. Beaty, 
Surgeon; E. H. Sholl, Assistant Surgeon; S. F. Cocke, Assistant Quartermaster: A. G. Bur- 
row, Chaplain. 

Company Officers. 

Co. A : Edward Daley. Captain ; W. IT. Crite, First Lieutenant ; R. H. Strickland, Second Lieu- 
tenant; H. L. Masse}*, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. B: W. T. Carmack, Captain; W. D. Wilder, First Lieutenant; F. E. Brown, Second Lieu- 
tenant; J. E. Yancey. Second Lieutenant. 

Co. C: J. L. Payne, Captain; William Bell, First Lieutenant; R. C. Simonton, Second Lieu- 
tenant; C. L. Sullivan. Second Lieutenant. 

Co. D: J.G. McCauley, Captain; J. Appleberry, First Lieutenant; W. M. Parker, Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

Co. E: C. S. McStusaek, Captain; J. S. Grandberry, First Lieutenant; J. S. Stewart, Second 
Lieutenant. 

Co. F: William Bell, Captain; John Matthews, First Lieutenant; James Brooks, Second 
Lieutenant; Hiram Prewitt, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. G: John Massey, Captain; VV. W. Freeman, First Lieutenant; Ambrose House, Second 
Lieutenant; O. H. Waue, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. H: W. M. Craddock, Captain; J. C. Haines, First Lieutenant; W. J. Overall, Second 
Lieutenant; L. L. Cherry. Second Lieutenant. 

Co. I: J. B. Scarborough, Captain; R.Johnson, First Lieutenant; William Stewart, Second 
Lieutenant; William McKirskill, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. K : R. J. McSpadden, Captain ; E. H. Cobbs, First Lieutenant ; J. T. Briggs, Second Lieu- 
tenant; R. A. Williford, Second Lieutenant. 



Beoimextal Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



Official.] 



Hutchison, 
Citv. 



FOURTEENTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY, 



Colonel, J. J. Neely. 

COMPANY A. 

Captains: R. R. White and 8. J. Cox. 

Brint, W., k. July 10,1863. 

COMPANY B. 
Captain, Thomas H. Turner. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, Zilman Voss. 
L., k. March 5, 18G4, at Yazoo I Simmons, W. W., k. March 5, 1864, at Yazoo 
I City. 

COMPANY D. 
.Captain, L. A. Thomas. 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, E. W. Jacobs. 

COMPANY F. 
Captains : W. J. Hall and H. D. Green. 

COMPANY G. 

Captain, A. C. Reid. 

"Williams, John, k. near Fort Pillow, Feb. 15, 1864 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, James Gwynn. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, £. S. Elliott. 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, E. G. Owen. 






From Forrest 's Campaigns. 

Fourteenth Tennessee Cavalry. 

Field and Staff Officers. 

J. J. Neely, Colonel ; E. S. Hammond, Lieutenant and Adjutant; T. H. Turner. Sergeant; R. 
R. White, Lieutenant-colonel; M. H. Pirtle, Assistant Quartermaster; R. P. Watson, Assist- 
ant Surgeon; Gwynn Thurmond, Major. 

Company Officers. 

Co. A: S.J. Cox, Captain; M. P. Harbin, Second Lieutenant; J. B. Harris. Second Lieutenant. 

Co. B: J. H. Deherry, Captain, N. A. Senter, First Lieutenant; G. Hicks, Second Lieuten- 
ant; John B. Holt, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. C : Z. Voss, Captain ; R.I. Strayhorn, First Lieutenant; W. H. Swink, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. D: L. A. Thomas, Captain; J. W. Ricks, First Lieutenant; James Drake, Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

Co. E : E. M. Jacobs, Captain ; A. R. Emmerson, First Lieutenant ; W. G. Pirtle, Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

Co. F: W. J. Hall, Captain; J. M. Moore, First Lieutenant; M. G. Hall, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. G: A. C. Reid, Captain; W. F. Dillard, First Lieutenant; J. Robertson, Second Lieuten- 
ant; J. Reid, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. H: James Gwynn, Captain: B. F. Tatum, First Lieutenant; D. L. Hill, Second Lieu- 
tenant; H. J. Brewster, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. I: E. S. Elliott, Captain; James Laird. Second Lieu.enant; John Langley, Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

Co. K: C. C. Conner, Captain; A. W. Fleming, First Lieutenant; W. J. Campbell, Second 
Lieutenant. 



724 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



FIFTEENTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

By Thomas H. Logwood, Austin, Texas. 


The Memphis Light Dragoons was organized in 1S0O, under a charter by act 
of the Legislature. In May, 1861, the company was mustered into the service as 
Confederate cavalry at Memphis. The officers at the time of being mustered in 
were as follows: Thomas II. Logwood, Captain; Wm. T. Howard, First Lieuten- 
ant; Ed. B. Trezevant and Wm. F. Taylor, Second Lieutenants; and W. P. Paul, 
Orderly Sergeant — all of Memphis, Tenn. The company reported for duty to 
Brig.-gen. John L. T. Sneed, at Eandolph, on the Mississippi River above Mem- 
phis; thence it went with the command of Gen. Gideon J. Pillow to New 
Madrid, Mo., and in the fall of 1861 moved up with the army of Maj.-gen. Leon- 
idas Polk to Columbus, Ky., where the company was united with five other com- 
panies of Tennessee cavalry, and formed a battalion, known as the Sixth Battalion 
of Tennessee Cavalry. Upon the organization of that battalion Thomas II. Log- 
wood, of Shelby county, was elected Lieutenant-colonel, and Charles Hill, of Tip- 
#ton county, Major. While at that post the battalion was engaged in various 
battles and skirmishes with the enemy, as it performed the entire picket and 
scouting duties of Gen. Polk's army. 

Under orders from Gen. Polk I made a raid upon the enemy's post at Padueah, 
Ky., making a night attack, captured and killed nearly all of their cavalry pick- 
ets, and drove in a regimeut of infantry that was on the outpost. I lost one man 
killed, and two were wounded. The object of the attack was to discover the 
strength of the enemy's force at the post of Padueah. "We stirred up a hornets 
nest. The enemy were in force, and a full regiment of cavalry mounted and pur- 
sued us. I had but two companies of my battalion with me — Co. A, Capt. W. F. 
Taylor, and Co. I, commanded by Lieut. Martin Armstrong. I was successful in 
getting my command and the wounded and the prisoners back to Columbus, 
where I made full report to Gen. Polk. 

The next battle was witli the entire battalion. The enemy was strongly posted 
at Elliott's Mills, ten miles from Columbus, on the creek. I made the attack un- 
der orders to find out the enemy's strength there. We charged in column right 
into their camp, and found that there were five thousand men there of all arm>. 
This movement enabled the General to anticipate the designs of the enemy, and 
to prevent a tiank movement upon Columbus. 

When the battle of Belmont, Mo., began Gen. Pillow's division, including my 
battalion, were in line at Columbus, awaiting orders to march to Bowling Green, 
Ky., to join Gen. A. S. Johnston. When the battle opened I was ordered to take 
two of my companies and cross the river. L'pon my arrival I joined Lieut. -col. 
Miller, who had two companies of Mississippi cavalry with him. The Federal 
cavalry had flanked our forces, and with their right wing resting upon the river- 
bank, formed in line below some cut-down timber, and were delivering a galling 
enfilading fire upon the gallant Thirteenth Tennessee Infantry Regiment, com- 
manded most skillfully by Col. John V. Wright. There was only a narrow wag- 
on-way through the felled timber by which we could reach the Federal cavalry. 
Col. Miller and myself formed our commands into a column of twos, and charged 
with pistol and. saber, not using our carbines. We drove the Federal cavalry from 
the field, and we saw them no more; but I was informed later in the day by a 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 725 



prisoner we captured that they rallied upon Gen. Grant, about a mile in the rear 
of the battle-field, where the bushes were so thick that no one could see the combat- 
ants. By this time the entire Federal line had broken, and was in full retreat to 
their boats, a short distance above. I passed around the felled timber, and struck 
the left flank of the retreating enemy, and cut off a Federal regiment of infantry, 
commanded by Col. Buford, brother of Gen. Abe Buford; but his command retired 
across a large wet, marshy swamp, where my horses could not follow, and we failed 
to "take them in." I then moved up and attacked the troops on my left, who 
were making for the boats. Gen. Gideon J. Pillow stopped the movement, and 
ordered us to push on several miles above and attack the troops upon the trans- 
ports as they passed up. Upon reaching the ground the command was dismounted, 
and we moved to the river-bank, when two transports soon came along close to 
bank, the decks and guards loaded to overflowing. They had got away from our 
little army below, and were jollifying over their escape, although they had left 
many of their comrades upon the battle-field. A gun-boat was below them shell- 
ing the woods. My men were concealed along the bank, and at the word opened 
fire with carbines and double-barrel shot-guns upon the solid mass of Federal sol- 
diers upon the bouts. The havoc must have been terrible, for we were at close 
range. The yells and screams of the troops on board were heart-rending, and I 
was really relieved when the boats got out of range. But by this time the gun- 
boats came in range and opened fire upon us, and, as we had not then learned to 
capture gun-boats with cavalry, we retired to our horses and back to Columbus. 
My battalion then went into winter-rpiarters at Moscow, Ivy., ten miles from Co- 
lumbus, where we remained until Gen. Polk evacuated Columbus, when we cov- 
ered his retreat to Humboldt, Tenn. The battalion then took post at Union City 
near the Kentucky line. This was the last of my having command of the Sixth 
Battalion Tennessee Cavalry. 

Gen. A. S. Johnston had written to the President that lie was anxious to test 
the lance as a weapon for mounted men. The President favored his views, and 
called upon Gen. Johnston to select an officer to raise, organize, and command a 
regiment. Gen. Johnston ordered me to go to Richmond, and gave me a letter to 
President Davis, asking that I be commissioned. Gen. Johnston's letter was of 
such a complimentary nature to me that upon reading it the President indorsed 
on the back of it the following: "The Secretary of War will give this officer 
whatever he asks. 7 ' I felt complimented, but it was because of the indorsement I 
received from Gen. Johnston, for I knew that the President had so high a regard 
for the judgment of Gen. Johnston that he was willing to heartily indorse his 
recommendation. I was authorized to enlist men whose term of one year's service 
was nearly out, and select all ten of the companies from the infantry; but while 
waiting for the battle of Shiloh to pass over, when Gen. Beauregard would trans- 
fer the men to me, Congress enacted the conscript law, which held every man in 
the regiment he was in, thus breaking up my proposed regiment of lancers. 



The Fifteenth Tennessee Regiment of Cavalry. 
In the summer of 1SG3 I received authority from the Secretary of War to raise 
a volunteer regiment of cavalry in West Tennessee. I organized a full regiment, 
sent mv muster-roll on to the Secretary of War, and I was commissioned Colo- 



726 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



nel of tlie Sixteenth Tennessee Cavalry. This regiment was enlisted, organized, 
and partly equipped in West Tennessee, which was called "inside of the lines," 
as a cordon of Federal troops were posted along the Memphis and Charleston 
railroad from Memphis to iluntsviile, Ala. The Lieutenant-colonel of the Six- 
teenth Tennessee Cavalry was James H. Murray, of Fayette county, Tennessee, 
and the Major was Thomas S. Webb, then of Memphis, and now of Knoxville, 
Tenn. 

Early in December, 1SG3, Gen. N. B. Forrest arrived in West Tennessee, and 
took command of that department. lie desired to raise as large a command as 
possible, and for that purpose he caused officers commanding regiments, battalions, 
and companies to send squads of their commands in different directions, with or- 
ders to conscript every man of suitable age they could find. While almost his 
entire command was thus engaged, I, with two companies of my regiment, was 
performing the service of watching the movements of the Federals at Memphis 
and down the railroad. I soon gave information of a large force moving up the 
Memphis and Charleston railroad east, and strengthening every post and guarding 
every outlet on that line. It was a critical moment for Gen. Forrest, who had his 
head-quarters at Jackson, Tenn. From other sources he learned of a simultane- 
ous morement of troops from the Tennessee River and other points upon Jack- 



son, and he was compelled to be stirring. He issued a last order for the comman- 
dants of regiments to collect their squads of men, and report at certain places to 



him as he moved toward Memphis. I received the order at day-break, when twen- 
ty-five miles from Memphis, and had to report, "with my entire regiment," that 
evening twenty-five miles farther east. My men were scattered over three coun- 
ties, and I was compelled to report to Gen. Forrest with only three hundred men, 
and went with him into Mississippi. Upon arriving at Oxford, Miss., there were 
none of the new regiments that had over three hundred men, all the rest being 
still in Tennessee. I regret to say that a very large portion of those so left could 
never be induced to come out. But without waiting to know about this, Gen. 
Forrest determined to reorganize all the regiments; consequently my regiment (the 
Sixteenth Tennessee Cavalry) and the Fifteenth Tennessee Cavalry, under Col. 
Francis M. Stewart, together with a battalion of Mississippi cavalry under Major 
Solomon Street, were consolidated into a regiment which was thereafter known 
as the Fifteenth Tennessee Cavalry; but it was in fact a regiment of mounted rifle- 
men. 

The field officers of this regiment were: Colonel, F. M. Stewart; Lieutenant- 
colonel, T. H. Logwood; Major, Sol. Street, of Tippah county, Mississippi. 

The regimental staff were: Capt. John Skeffington, Assistant Quartermaster; A. 
. B. Tabseott, Surgeon; A. Bruce, Assistant Surgeon; and John L. Barksdale, Lieu- 
tenant and Adjutant. There were two companies from Mississippi — D and E. 

The Captains were: P. W. More, Co. A; James L. Garrison, Co. B; Hugh T. 
Hanks, Co. C; T. Nutt, Co. D; E. L. Hussey, Co. E; Thos. C. Buchanan, Co. F; 
E. B. Saunders, Co. II; I'eter M. Williams Co. I; John A. Williamson, Co. K. 

The First Lieutenants were: W. K. Griffith, Co. A; Thomas F. Garrison, Co. 

B; A. B. Henry, Co. C; G. W. Yapp, Co. D; Johnson, Co. E; J. P. Thur- 

man. Co. F; J. M. McCaleb, Co. G; J. M. Witherspoon, Co. II: T. W. Allen, Co. 
I; Work, Co. K. 

The Second Lieutenants were: R. S. Vandvke and Richard T. Gardner, Co. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 727 

A; W. B. Xolley and Wm, I). Brown, Co. B; J. Ray and G. T. Baker, Co. C: L. 
C. Street, Co. D; F. G. Furgerson and E. S. Thurman, Co. F; P. IF. Sutton, Co. 
G; Robt Y. Anderson and John L. Seward, Co. I; E. Stone and Virginius W. 
Swift, Co. K. 

At the time of this new organization at Oxford, Miss., not more than fifty of 
the officers and men had ever drilled an hour, and in this condition the command 
was ordered to march by Brig.-gen. K. V. Eichnrds, and we proceeded to Gre- 
nada, Miss., and thence to "West Point, where the command of Gen. Forrest met 
and repulsed a lari, r e cavalry force under Gen. Sooy Smith. The Fifteenth (my 
regiment) was in that engagement, was dismounted, and in an hour after the line 
of the enemy broke and began the retreat. Eichardson's brigade was ordered to 
move back to Grenada, and thence down the Yazoo Eiver, to meet a raiding force 
that was advancing northward from Yazoo City. 

When we arrived in the vicinity of Yazoo City we were joined by a brigade of 
Texas cavalry commanded by Brig.-gen. Eoss. The two commands were unite'!, 
and an attack upon Yazoo City and the forts surrounding it was determined upon. 
Gen. Eichardson was senior officer, but he voluntarily yielded the command to 
Gen. Eoss because Eoss was well acquainted with the country, locality of the 
forts, and the proper points of attack, while he was not at all familiar with any 
of them. I deem it my duty to give as much of a detailed account of this battle 
as I can now remember incidents, inasmuch as Gen. Eichardson, of our brigade, 
was relieved of command soon after this battle, and never made a report of the 
campaign to Gen. Forrest or any other officer; and Gen. Eoss, not being a part of 
Forrest's command, never made a report to him; and from what I see of a little 
book published by one "Eose," of Texas, purporting to give a history of thai 
battle, I fear Gen. Eoss forgot to mention, in his report to Gen. S. 1). Lee, the 
fact that any Tennessee troops were engaged in that battle. 

On the morning of March 5, 1SG4, the two brigades of Confederate cavalry, dis- 
mounted, were placed in position for the attack. The Twelfth Tennessee, under 
command of Col. J. J. Neely, was placed on the extreme left, with directions to 
receive orders direct from Gen. Eoss. In Neely's front was a strong redoubt. It 
may be proper to state here that Col. Xeely was Colonel of the Thirteenth Ten- 
nessee Cavalry; but on that day there were no field officers of the Twelfth Regi- 
ment on duty, on account of the sickness of one, absence of another on duty in 
Tennessee, and the promotion of Col. Eichardson. So Col. Neely was placed in 
comn-and of the Twelfth for the occasion, and Maj. Gwynn Thurman commanded 
the Thirteenth Regiment in the battle. Two of Ross's regiments were in position 
to attack and storm the center fort or redoubt, which was upon the main road 
leading into the city from the east. A Texas battalion, commanded by Maj. Ross, 
a brother of Gen. Eoss, was ordered to make a flank movement by the right of 
the latter redoubt and open the battle, while the Fifteenth Tennessee, under com- 
mand of Lieut.-col. T. H. Logwood, was ordered to support Maj. Eoss. 2S"o pro- 
vision seems to have been made for attacking the Federal troops that were in the 
city beyond the forts at that time. The Thirteenth Tennessee, with Thrall's bat- 
tery, was held in reserve. About 10 a.m. Maj. Eoss and myself received orders 
to move forward. The center fort soon opened a heavy lire of musketry upon us. 
for they had no artillery. After moving on about two hundred yards I discovered 
that mv regiment was under a heavy enfilading lire from another fort or earth.- 



fZO MILITARY ANNALS OF TENNESSEE. 






work to my right. I at once notified (Jen. Richardson of the fact, anil he came 
to me and said: ""Wall's Legion was sent by Gen. Rosa to attack that redoubt. 
and some mistake seems to have occurred. Your regiment shall not be subject 
to this cross tire, and I will order both you and Maj. Ross to fall back for 
the present." 1 suggested that he permit Maj. Ross to go ahead and let me 
storm and silence the fort on my right, and thus relieve both Maj. Ross and my- 
self from the enfilade. He assented, and my regiment was wheeled by the left, 
and without firing a gun, or the slightest stop, we went over the breastworks with 
that notable yell for which the Confederates were so well known when they charged 
in battle. The fort proved to be manned with dismounted Federal cavalry, whose 
horses were in line in rear of the hill upon which the fort stood. As my men 
went into the front and side of the fort the Federals went over the rear side, and 
'•'stood not upon the order of their going;' 1 but they poured a heavy lire upon us 
until we began to mount their works. They mounted their horses and fled into 
the city, which lay before us in a broad, beautiful valley. It is just to say that 
Wall's Legion, by mistake of a guide, had gone too far to the right, and did not 
reach the intended point of attack until a few minutes after the Fifteenth Ten- 
nessee had captured it. 

Leaving Wall's Legion in charge of the captured fort, I formed line and pro- 
ceeded in the direction of Maj. Ross, with the view of executing the original or- 
der to support him. He was now in close proximity to the left ilank of the cen- 
tral fort, on the slope of the hill, and under a heavy fire of musketry. Wiien I 
got within supporting distance of him I halted my regiment, and in person went 
to Maj. Ross, when we at once concluded to jointly storm the fort. The other 
Confederate regiments were pouring a heavy fire upon the front of the fort, both 
with muskets and a battery which was attached to Gen. Ross's command. I gave 
order to load and hold fire, and be ready to storm the fort. The excitement ran 
high among my young Tennesseaus, and they were eager to get over the breast- 
works ahead of the gallant Texas veterans under Maj. Ross. I say young Tennes- 
seans because a large portion of my command were under tweniy-one years of age. 
But before the order to charge was given Gen. Richardson came up, and ordered 
us not to storm but to fall back. We did so in good order but in sullen silence. 
It was a disappointment to the boys. I was then ordered to form on the left of 
Capt. Thrall's battery, the Thirteenth Tennessee Regiment on his right, and with 
these two regiments the battery moved into the city. 

The Federal forces in the city were posted in line so as to front diagonaliy across 
streets, yards, lots, gardens, etc., and we had to approach them in their front or 
subject our flanks to a raking fire. We had to pass over and through fences di- 
agonally and drive the Federals from each one, for they took advantage of all 
obstructions, and fired upon us from the doors and windows of every house in our 
front; but we drove them through the city behind a breastwork of cotton-bales 
made near the river. It was discovered that the left flank of the cotton-works 
was not closed, and Gen. Richardson ordered Maj. Thurman to make a flank move- 
ment to the right and drive the Federals from the cotton. When the movement 
into the city began the Federal sharp-shooters were posted on the crags and point 
of the hill overlooking the city, and these at once began to enfilade my left flank. 
I called Gen. Richardson's attention to this, and he said Gen. Ross had agreed to 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Roles. 



"20 






drive the sharp-shooters away; but during the whole time we were going into the 
city the fire was kept up, and I lost some valuable officers and men. 

When our line was confronted by the cotton-bales I asked permission of Gen. 
Richardson t>t have a skirmish line in front of the cotton-works, and by a think 
movement capture the heights or crags. He assented, and in a few minutes we 
were on the ci'ags, and we then made a charge on about one hundred Federals 
who were firing upon us from a rifle-pit about eighty yards in rear of the center 
fort above named, and took the position. This gave me the full command of the 
sally-port of that fort. I at once notified Gen. Richardson of what I had done, 
and of the advantageous position I had gained for storming the fort, and he re- 
plied, "When Gen. Ross begins to storm the fort on the front you then charge 
upon the rear." At the moment I received this order I saw a Hag of truce raised 
by Gen. Ross on the point of a hill or crag to my left, and Gen. Ross in person 
called to me across the deep ravine to cease firing and raise a white flag, as he 
was demanding a surrender of the fort. A great deal of time was consumed in 
negotiations. Although a white flag was flying from every point on the hill, in- 
cluding the two forts, where either a Federal or Confederate force had possession, 
yet the gun-boats which were lying completely in my rear kept up a heavy shell- 
ing upon my command. The demand for surrender was not obeyed, and soon 
after firing began I received an order from Gen. Richardson to fall baek into the 
city. I did so, and upon arriving near the place where I left my skirmish line 
I found the Federals, who opened fire upon me. I soon discovered that Gem 
Richardson, with Thrall's battery and the Thirteenth Regiment, had withdrawn 
from the city, and my route of exit was completely cut off by the enemy, whs 
had formed a line of battle across my path. My regiment charged throng* 
their line and got into an open field, which was very level, and at the rear and 
north side there was a ditch or gully fifteen feet or more deep There was but 
one place where this ditch could be crossed except the bridge on the road lead- 
ing into the north side of the city, and that bridge was in the brands of the Fed- 
erals. There was a large fallen tree across the ditch, about four hundred yards 
from us. It was our only chance to escape, and we began to make a retreat 
across the field in the face and fire of two infantry regiments and a battery. 
The latter was firing grape-shot and shell. 

Right here let me say that a wonderful feat in military maneuvers was per- 
formed. I determined to make the movement of the rear by echelon of compa- 
nies, notwithstanding the fact that the regiment had never drilled one hour, and 
that Maj. Street did not know what echelon meant. I ordered the regiment to 
form line by lying down, and to open fire upon the Federals, who were at that time 
only one hundred and fifty yards away and advancing, While the line was form- 
ing I explained to Maj. Street how I intended to move back. Finding that the 
troops under Ross were still upon the hill to my left, I did not fear an attempt to 
flank me by the Federals by the left, so I broke my company on the left by eche- 
lon to the rear. Maj. Street halted each company when it arrived at the proper 
place, and I remained at the front and started each company to the rear at the 
proper time, with orders to report to Maj. Street. When the log across the ditch 
was readied a company at a time would cross and take possession of the hill j'.:.-t 
beyond, which overlooked the valley, and from which they could lire upon the 
Federals over the heads of my own men. The chase was thus stopped, and the 






730 Military Annals of Tennessee. 
_ 

Federals hastened to get out oi range of our fire, lhe liglit for the day was over, 
and we went into camp a few miles to tiie east. My regiment lost one officer, 
Lieut. Barney, who belonged to another command and had reported to me the day 
before the battle. Lieut. Xoliey, of Co, A, was wounded by a spent ball. Maj. 
Gwynn Thurman, who commanded the Thirteenth Regiment, was killed in the 
hottest of the battle while bravely leading his men. Capt. JamesThrall, of the 
battery of artillery, was painfully wounded in the foot. The next morning I sent 
a reeonnoitering party to the city, and it was discovered that the entire Federal 
force had left the place and gone down the river by steam-boat. I never knew 
why orders were not given to storm the two forts that were not taken; but one 
thing I believe is that if Gen. Ross had ordered a charge by all the troops invest- 
ing the forts at the time he made the demand for surrender, the central fort would 
have been taken in ten minutes, and then the other little works would have been 
at our mercy, as well as the steamer and gun-boats, as the hill commanded the en- 
tire city and river about it. I will do Gen. Richardson the justice to say that, aft- 
er he sent me the order by Lieut. Eeno to fall back from the hill into the city, 
he then sent another officer with an order to move back rapidly, and then move 
out of the city by the route by which I entered it. The officer was too cowardly 
to come to me, for the shelling was severe from the gun-boats; and I, not thinking 
but I had plenty of time, moved my right carefully, so as to avoid the shells as 
much as possible. 

The brigade after tins moved north and entered West Tennessee at La Grange, 
and proceeded to Bolivar, where a part of the command had a running fight with 
a regiment of Federal cavalry under Col. Hurst. I say a running fight because 
Hurst's regiment was never known to make a fight standing, but it would invaria- 
bly be on the move and our boys chasing them. My regiment (Fifteenth) remained 
at BolWar, performing the duty of scouting toward the Memphis and Charleston 
railroad on the south and Memphis on the west, until Gen. Forrest moved out 
of Tennessee. % 

About this time Gen. Richardson was relieved of his command, and the brigade 
was then continued for several months by Col. J. J. Xeely as senior Colonel. 
When Gen. Forrest moved his divison back to Mississippi in the spring, for the 
purpose of recruiting the horses, one brigade moved from Columbus to Tuscaloosa, 
. Ala., and on to Blue Mountain, when we reported to Gen. Gideon J. Pillow, and 
after resting awhile Gen. Pillow moved his command of two brigades into -North 
Georgia, and made an attack upon the Federal forces posted at La Fayette, Ga. 
The attack was unsuccessful, for the reason that the Federals were protected by the 
brick walls of the jail an.l other buildings in which they were posted, with sand- 
bags in the windows. Gen. Pillow could have easily captured the whole of the 
Federal command had he possessed one piece of artillery, but those above him in 
command would not let him have a battery. Gen. Pillow returned to Blue Mount- 
ain, and our brigade returned to Mississippi by forced marches in order to rejoin 
Gen. Forrest, who was concentrating all the force possible to meet Gen. A. J. 
Smith, who was moving with a large Federal force — twenty-four thousand men 
of all arms — upon Columbus, Miss., and Selraa, Ala. 

On the 12th of July, 1864, Noely's brigade arrived at Columbus, Miss., with 
horses unlit to march farther. The horses were left at t hat point, and the com- 
mand went by rail to Okolona, where we left the train on the morning of the 13th, 



Eegi3£enta1 Histories and Memorial Bolls. 731 



and marched on toward Pontotoc; but upon arriving within ton miles of that town 
we heard firing on our right, and were ordered to move back to the Mobile and 
Ohio railroad via the road to Tupelo. At ten o'clock that night we reached a 
point ten miles from Harrisburg, and went into camp, even officers and men being 
completely broken down. The sun had been intensely hot all day of the 1 3th, 
and our cavalry men had never done any marching on foot, and consequently the 
march of thirty miles was too much for them. But we were up at an early hour 
the next morning, and moved toward Harrisburg. We were all stiff and sore, and 
moved slowly and with pain. We got about half-way to Harrisburg, when we 
heard a few guns, and the boys then stepped out lively and we got the brigade 
up in time to take our position in line before the final onset. I refer you to the 
"Campaigns of Gen. Forrest" for a history of that battle. After that battle the 
command recuperated both men and horses in the prairie, and about the 4th of 
August Xeely's Tennessee brigade reached Pontotoc and began to fortify south and 
east of that town. On the 10th we moved toward Oxford, and went into camp at 
sunset about ten miles from Oxford. At nine o'clock that night we were moved 
on. The Fifteenth Tennessee were thrown forward at a trot, and I was ordered 
to reach Oxford, if possible, before the Federal cavalry got there, but in fact they 
had arrived at that place at nine o'clock that night. I advanced into the town 
upon several streets on the east, while Gen. Forrest, who came up at the time with 
his escort, moved around to the south and entered on that side. That evening 
Gen. Hatch had got information that Forrest's whole command was at hand, and 
he moved out of the town with seven thousand cavalry as I moved in. I fed my 
horses on the forage which Hatch's command had left upon the ground uneaten 
by their horses. I moved through the town with the head of my column not one 
hundred yards in the Federal rear; and soon taking in the situation, I did not fire 
a gun, as our force was too small to fight them. After posting strong pickets on 
the roads leading north, I returned to town and reported to Gen. Forrest the situ- 
ation, and he commended me for not firing and letting the enemy know how small 
our force was, for the reason that none but Xeely's brigade could get to us before 
twelve o'clock next day, and Gen. Hatch had seven thousand Federal cavalry im- 
mediately in our front. When Forrest's command all came up we took a position 
on a creek about half-way between Oxford and Abbeville when Gen. A. J. Smith 
was crossing the Tallahatchie River. 

On the 18th of August, 1SG4, at five o'clock P.M., Gen. Forrest started from Ox- 
ford, Miss., on that memorable raid to Memphis. Picked men from Xeely's and 
Bell's brigades were organized, and the Fifteenth Tennessee went along. My reg- 
iment participated in the attack on Memphis; in fact, I was in command of the 
troops that charged into the city, as you will see by referring to the "History of 
Forrest's Cavalry." After the battle my Colonel i Stewart) was relieved of com- 
mand, and I was promoted to Colonel of the Fifteenth Tennessee Cavalry for serv- 
ices rendered in making the charge into the city of Memphis on the 21st of Au- 
gust. 

The next battle in which my regiment engaged was at Athens, Ala., on the 24th 
of October, 1S04, upon which occasion my regiment (Fifteenth) captured th'ty 
prisoners, two flags, and two drums (all they had) from the Federals in a hand- 
to-hand right, the Federals being infantry anal all having bayonets, while my men 
had no bayonets, but fought with clubbed rifled. Every prisoner taken on this oe- 



732 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



casion, including officers, was heavily laden with ammunition, they having volun- 
teered at Decatur to cut their way into the fort at Athens and deliver the garrison 
the ammunition from which they were shut off. 

On the 2oth of October my regiment participated in the attack and capture of 
the fort at Sulphur Trestle. On the evening after that battle I was placed in 
charge of eight hundred and twenty prisoners and all the small arms, quartermas- 
ters stores, and two pieces of artillery which Gen. Forrest wished to send bark to 
Mississippi, besides one hundred and fifty loose horses which he captured there. 
I had but one hundred and fifty men with which to execute the order to take them 
back to Mississippi and Mobile, Ala. "While we were in camp the second night, on 
the road from Athens to Florence, Ala., my scouts brought information that a regi- 
ment of Federal cavalry was advancing from Decatur after me. Their object was 
to recapture the prisoners, the small arms (eight hundred), the horses, and to capt- 
ure my little command and the six pieces of artillery which I was hauling along, 
without a man or ammunition to use or load them. The situation was embarrass- 
ing. I sent, Capt. Tom Buchanan, of Co. F, with twenty men, to push back to a 
strong position on the road we had passed on that evening, and to fight the advanc- 
ing column of Federals at every point until day-break, and then retreat upon Bain- 
bridge, where I would be if possible. He executed the order so well and gallantly 
that I was enabled to march fifteen miles by night — the prisoners on foot — and 
cross the Tennessee Eiver at Bainbridge before Capt. Buchanan came up. 

The next battle in which the Fifteenth Tennessee Regiment engaged was at the 
mouth of Big Sandy, on the Tennessee River, usually called Paris Landing. Col. 
E. W. Backer was at that time our brigade commander, and with my regiment 
and Forrest's old regiment and two pieces of Walton's battery attacked and capt- 
ured the Federal gun-boat "Undine," with a transport. This was on the 30th of 
October, lSf>4. After the battle and capture Lieut.-col. Wm, A. Dawson, of my 
regiment, was placed in command of the transport "Venus." 

On the 2d of November, 1S(34, the Fifteenth Regiment participated in the af- 
fair at Johnsonville. The Fifteenth Tennessee Cavalry was with Gen. Hood as a 
part of Forrest's corps (Jackson's division, Buckner's brigade; from the time his 
army left Florence, Ala., until it recrossed the Tennessee River upon the retreat 
from Nashville. Upon that expedition the Fifteenth lost many officers and men 
in killed, wounded, and taken prisoners. Among the killed was Lieut.-col. Daw- 
son, who fell in a hand-to-hand fight with Federal infantry at Columbia, Tenn. 
and Capt. J. A. Williamson, of Co. I, who fell at the battle of Franklin. The 
regiment returned from that campaign with only seventy-five men, rank and file. 
The Fifteenth was in but one more fight after that, which was a single charge on 
Gen. Croxton's Federal brigade on the road between Tuscaloosa and Selma, Ala. 
We routed Croxton and chased him a whole day, and lust Selma by following 
him. A short time before the close of the war the Fifteenth Tennessee Regiment 
was consolidated with the Twelfth and Thirteenth and Nixon's Tennessee Cavalry 
regiments, but fought no battles under the new organization. We were paroled 
at Gainesville, Ala., when Forrest surrendered his army. 






KeGIMEXTAL HlSTORTEH AND MEMORIAL ItOLLS. 733 

Official.] Fifteenth: Tennessee Cavalry. 

Colonel, F. M.Stewart; Lieutenant-colonel, W. A. L'.-uv.-.-on ; Major, E. P. Kirk; Adjutant J. 
L. Barksdale; Quartermaster, John Sketfington; Surgeon, A. M. Tabseott; Assistant Sur- 
geon, Allen A. Bruce. 

GQ&PJLNY A. 
Captain, E. P. Kirk. 



Pritchard, W. T., d. March 10, 18G3. 
Austin, S. IL, d. in prison March 2, 1803. 
Davis, John, d. in prison May IS, 1863, 
Jennings, A., d. in prison. 



Reynolds, George, d. Dec. 28, 1862, from the 

effect of wounds received Nov. 25, 1862. 
Sawyers, James, k. in action Jan. 8, 1863. 
Vaught, Simon, k. in action Feb. 2s, 1863. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, P. Yv. Moore. 

COMPANY C. 

Captain, John L. Webb. 
Tonvillo, J. L., k. in action May 2, 1863, near | Shelton, Watson, k. in action Jan. 8, 1S63, at 
Booth's Point, Tenn J Knob Creek, Teen. 

COMPANY D. 
Captains: E. L. Hussey and J. L. Epperson. 
Reaves, W, M, k. Oct. 20, 1863. | Street, D. M., k. Nov. 19, 1863. 

COMPANY E. 

Captains: J. M. Lucas and F. Nutt. 

COMPANY F. 

Captain, Benjamin Flippin. 

COMPANY G. . 

Captain, R. B. Saunders. 

COMPANY H. 

Captain, G. T. Peon. 

COMPANY I. 

Captain, P. II. Williams. 

From Forrest'' s Campaigns. 

Fifteenth Tennessee Cavalry. 

Field and Staff Officers. 

F. M. Stewart, Colonel; T. H. Logwood, Lieutenant-colonel; Sol. G. Street, Major; John 
Skeffington, Assistant Quartermaster; A. B. Tabseott, Surgeon; A. Bruce, Assistant Surgeon: 
J. L. Barksdale, Lieutenant and Adjutant. 

Company Officers. 

Co. A: P. W. Moore, Captain; W. R. Griffith, First Lieutenant; E. S.Vandyke, Second Lieu- 
tenant; Richard T. Gardner, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. B: J. L. Garrison, Captain; Thomas F. Garrison, First Lieutenant; W. B. Noliey, Second 
Lieutenant; W. D. Brown, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. C: H. T. Hanks, Captain; A. B. Henry, First Lieutenant; J. Ray, Second Lieutenant; G. 
T. Baker, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. D: T. Nutt, Captain; G. W. Yapp, First Lieutenant; L. C. Street, Second Lieutenant 

Co. E: E. L. Hussey, Captain. 

Co. F: T. C. Buchanan, Captain; J. P. Thurman, First Lieutenant; F. G. Ferguson. Second 
Lieutenant; E. S. Thurman, Second Lieutenant. • 

Co. G: R. B. Sanders, Captain; J. M. McCateb, First Lieutenant; P. H. Sutton, Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

Co. H: J. M. Witherspoon, First Lieutenant. 

Co. i ; P. M. Williams, Captain ; T. \V. Alien, First I icutenant ; R. Y. Anderson, Second Lieu- 
tenant; ,T. L. Seward, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. K : J. A. Williamson, Captain ; R. Stone, Second Lieutenant; V. H. Swift, Second Lieu- 
tenant. 



73-i Military Annals of Tennessee. 

FIFTEENTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

(RUSSELL'S.) 
Official.'] Field and Staff. 

Colonel, R. M. Russell; Lieutenant-colonel, IT. C.Greer; Major, H. F. Bowman; Quarter- 
master, S. J. Ray; Surgeon, T. C. McNeill ; Assistant Surgeon, J. R. Westbrook; Adjutant, A. 
G. Hawkins; Chaplain, R. A. Mahon. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, William Gay. 

COMPANY B. 
Captain, W. K. Hawkins. 
Barron, W. R., k. at Fort Pillow, April 12, 1S64. | Crawford, A. B., d. Feb. 21.1864. 
Beach, J. A., k. at Fort Pillow, April 12, 1864. | Banna, W. H., k. accidentally Feb. 1, 1861. 

COMPANY C. 
Captains : H. F. Hanks and J. F. Mathis. 



Barnard. Edward, d. in camp June 22, 1864. 
Thomas, D. J., d. May 7, 1864. 
Babb, William, k. at Troy, Tenn., Feb. 15, 1S63. 
Leach, T. C. S., k. in action at Yazoo City, 
March 2, 1864. 



Pritchard, William T., d. March 1, 1863. 
Pack, Irving, d. Dec. 1, 1S63. 
Reynolds, G. W., d. Dec. 23, 1863, from the ef- 
fects of wounds. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, J. A. Shane. 



Jackson, W. C. A., d.May 20, 1864, near Boone- 
ville, Miss. 



Coleman, W. T., d. Jan. 20, 1864. 

Heath, W. II., d. 

Iry, R. D., d. at home, May 25, 1864. 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, W. D. Hall urn. 
Jones, R. H., k. June 10, 1364, | Kelly, William, d. June 3, 1S64. 

COMPANY F. 
Captain, J. C. Wilson. 
Henderson, J. W., d. April 20, 1S63. 1 Upchurch, B. H., d. May 10, 1864 

COMPANY G. 
Captain, D. E. Parker. 



Everett, J. T., k. in action near Guntown, June 

10, 18G4. 
lucker, Thomas A., d. April 24, 1864. 



McCorkle, H. C, k. m action near Guntcwn, 

June 10, 1864. 
Hinson, D. K., d. March 24, 1864. 



COMPANY II. 
Captains: J. C. Wilson and J. R. Gardner. 



Wilson, Capt. J. C, k. at Fort Pillow, April 12, j Duke, R. E., k. in action, June 10, 18C4. 

il864. Gardner, J. O., k. in action, June 10, 1864. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, E. Tompkins HolHs. 
Coo.ey, J. B., k. Feb. 22, 1864. i Hutohins, Thomas, d. at Corinth, Miss, May 

Malin, John, d. at Starkville, Miss, March 28. 22, 1864. 
1864. . j Harrison, C. E., k. Feb. 22, 1S64. 

COMPANY K. 

Captain, M. H. Freeman. 

bunton, Lieut. T. W., £. inaction at Eatinola, Thompson, B. L., k. accidentally at TiVc-ce, 



Tenn., Dec. 24,1863 
Beard, J. R., k. at Fort Pillow, April 12, 1S64. 



Miss., March 3, 1864. 



Segmental Histobies and Memorial Kolls. 



SIXTEENTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 



Official.] FrELP and Staff. 

Colonel, A. N. "Wilson; Lieutenant-colonel, J. A. Forrest; Major, W. T. Parham; Surgeon, S. 
H. Caldwell; Assistant .Surgeon, M. D. L. Jordou ; Quartermaster, B. M. Bray; Adjutant, F. M. 



Bell. 

COMPANY A. 



Captain, J. A. Russell. 

Smith, John, k. Jan.l, 1864 

COMPANY E. 

Captain, E. D. Polk. 

Sewell, A. K., k. in action at Brice's Cross-roads. 

COMPANY C. 

Captain, J. J. Puce. 



Brown, Thomas, k. Feb. 2D, 1864. 
Carter, Jordan, d. in prison, Jan. 1, 1SC4. 
Hamuer, James, d. some time in Jan., 1SC4. 



Melton, Wm., sr., d. some time in Sept, 1SC4. 
Melton, Wm, jr., d. Jan. 22, 1SC4. 
Srigall, Lieut. M. G., d. in prison. 



COMPANY D. 

Captain, W. H. Bray. 

Kend rick, H. C, k. in action at Brice's Cross- 1 Dodds. Z. E., k. in action at Brice's Cross- 



roads, May 10, 1S64. 
Arrandell, J. J., k. in action at Brice's Cross- 
roads. May 10, 1864. 



roads, May 10, 1864. 
Arnold, J. K., k. in action at Brice's Cross- 
roads, May 10, 1S64. 

Barham, Isaiah, k. in action at Brice's Cross-roads, May 10, 18^4. 
COMPANY E. 
Captain, "W. II. Simmons. 
Rinely, Joseph P., k. in action at Tishomingo 

Creek, June 10, 1S64. 
Davis, John T., k. in action at Tishomingo 
Creek, June 10, 1864. 



Jones, R. W., k. in action at Tishomingo Creek, 

June 10, 1S64. 
McMellon, A. E., k. in action at Tishomingo 

Creek, June 10, 1864. 



Coleman, Daniel J., k. in action at Tishomingo j Walker, Benjamin L., k. in action at Tisho 
Creek, June 10, 1S64. | mingo Creek, June 10, 1864. 

Norton, Marion, d. at Starkville, Feb. 28, 18C4. 
COMPANY F. 
Captain. James Stinnett. 
Harwell, E. R~, d. from disease. March 9, 1864. | Ellis, R. D., k. accidentally, March 1, 1S64. 
Ellis, C. S., k. June 10, 1S64. 

COMPANY G. 

Captain, J. W. Fussell. 

Exrum, John, k. in action at Tishomingo j Edward9, William, k. in action at Tishomingo 

Creek, June 10, 1S64. I Creek, June 10, 1664. 

Stuart, Joseph, k. in action at Tishomingo j Cock, Jubal, k. in action at Tishomingo Creek, 

Creek, June 10, 1S64. June 10, 1SG4. 

Turner, John, k. in action at Tishomingo Haselwood, J., k. in action, Jan. 8. 1S64. 
Creek, June 10, 1864. j Puckett, J. F., k. some time in March, 1864. 

COMPANY H. 
Captain, J. W. Carroll. 
Smith, J. W., k. in action, June 10, 1864. ! MoLinn, W. H., k. in action, Aprsi 12, 1364. 

Martin, James, d. June 12, 1864. j Varner, M. D., d. March IS, 1>64. 

McCally, A. B., d. March 18, 1864.; ' Thompson, W. C, k. in action, April 12, 1S64. 

COMPANY I. 

Captain, James C. Gooch. 

Billops, M. J., d. March 15, 1S64. I Riley, Jacob, k. by bush-whackers, Jan. 20, 1864. 

COMPANY K. 

Captain, R. E. Dudley. 

Davis, P. O., d. at Starkville, Miss., April 10, 1864. 



736 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



From FurresVi Campavjim. 

Sixteenth Tennessee Cavalry. 

Field xsv Staff 0*fic£HS. 
A. N. Wilson, Colonel; Jesse A. Forrest, Lieutenant-colonel; \V. T. Parham. Major; F. M. 
Bell, Lieutenant and Adjutant; B. M. Bray, Assistant Quartermaster ; S. H. Caldwell, Surgeon; 
M. D. L. Jordon, Assistant Surgeon. 

Company Okficebs. 

Co. A: J. A. Russell, Captain; W. A. MeCandless, First Lieutenant; John Coberne. Second 
Lieutenant; T. F. Wilson, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. B: E. D. Potk, Captain; J. C. Shipp, First Lieutenant; W. B. Malone, Second Lieuten- 
ant; J. R. Glover, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. C: J. J. Rice, Captain; I. J. Galbreath, First Lieutenant; J. F. Collins, Second Lieaten- 
; ant; J. D. Walker, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. I): \V. H. Bray, Captain; J.R.Arnold, First Lieutenant; J.C. Dodds, Second Lieut-nan:; 
J. M. Bray, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. E: W. H. Simmons, Captain; J. P. Revely, First Lieutenant; A. J. Baxter, Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

Co. F: James Steunett, Captain; S. J. Crowder, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. G: J. W. Fussell, Captain; James Tomlinson, First Lieutenant; Thomas R. Mangrum, 
> Second Lieutenant; T. A. Haynes, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. H: J. W. Carroll, Captain; M. L. Cherry, First Lieutenant; 3. C. Kennedy, Second Lieu- 
tenant. 

■ Co. I: J. C. Gooch, Captain; H. Lassiter, First Lieutenant; M. H. Goodloe, Second Lieuten- 
ant; J. B. Northern, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. K: R. E. Dudley, Captain; J. F. Looney, First Lieutenant; W. E. Scales, Second Lieu- 
tenant; A. F. Brooks, Second Lieutenant. 



EIGHTEENTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 



Official.'] Field and Staff. 

Colonel, John F. Newsom ; Lieutenant-coionel, D. ft£. Wisdom; Maior, Wm. Y. Baker: Adju- 
tant, H. T. Johnson; Quartermaster, A. B. Crook; Chaplain, John Randolph; Surgeon, G. W. 
Lockhart. 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, Thomas J. Dick. 
Holmes, Zachariah, k. in battle. I Warren, Thomas, k. in battle. 

McNulty, James, k. in battle. 

COMPANY B. 
Captain, R. M. May. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, William Wilson. 
McAulifF, Leander, shot at La Grange, Tenn." I Spencer, W. M. F., k. in action. 

COMPANY D. 

Captain, Joseph J. Sharp. 

Camp, R. A., k. in action June 10, 1364. 

COMPANY E. 
Captain, John B. Michin. 

Pratt, B. F., k. in action. April 12, 1304. 1 Usery, Warren C, k. in action at Jackson. 

Turner, Richard, d. a prisoner of war. 

COMPANY F. 

Captain. J. R. I»amron. 

Tinder. W. C , k. March 4, 1804. 



Eegimental Histories and Memorial Bolls. 737 



COMPANY G. 
Captain, T. II. Taylor. 

Spencer, B. M. C, k. at Birice's Cross -road?, June 10, 1S64. 

COMPANY H. 

Captain, Thomas J. Puffin. 

COMPANY I. 

Captain, L. C. McClerkin. 

Autrey, John, k. at the battle of Tishomingo Creek, June 10, 1S64. 

COMPANY K. 

Captain, W. D. Stratton. 



I r rom Forrest'* Campaign*. 

NINETEENTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

(NEWSOM'S.) 
Field and Staff Officers. 
John F. Nevraom, Colonel; D. M. Wisdojaa, Lieutenant-eoionel ; W. Y. Baker, Major; H. T. 
Johnson, Lieutenant and Adjutant; A, B.Crook, Assistant Quartermaster; G. W. Lockhart, Sur- 
geon; John Randolph, Chaplain. 

Company Officers. " 

Co. A: W« N. Barnhill, Captain; J. T. Settle, First Lieutenant; J.C. O'Neill, Second Lieuten- 
ant; H. Klyce, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. B: R. M. May, Captain; Middleton Hayes, First Lieutenant; N. T. Buckley. Second Lieu- 
tenant; J. O. Ray, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. C: William Wilson, Captain ; William Lee, First Lieutenant; John M. Barrett, Second 
Lieutenant; Thomas Barrett, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. D: T. H. Taylor, Captain; M. B. Ormsby, First Lieutenant; D. J. Bowdin, Second Lieu- 
tenant; W. P. Walker, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. E: J. B. Michin, Captain ; R. M. Wharton, First Lieutenant; E, R. Turner, Second Lieu- 
tenant; J. R. Adams, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. F: J. R. Damron, Captain: A. P. Meek*, First Lieutenant; A. L. Winningham, Second 
Lieutenant; W. R. Ledbetter, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. G: J.J.Sharp, Captain; M.T.Shelby, First Lieutenant; Absalom Brashear, Second Lieu- 
tenant; Robert T. Simmons, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. H: J. G. Sharp, Captain; J. D. Springer, First Lieutenant; J. M. Wardlaw. Second Lieu- 
tenant; Nathaniel Busby, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. I: S. C. McClerkin, Captain; J. J. Reus. First Lieutenant; S. M. Oyier, Second Lieuten- 
ant; J. M. Bumpass. Second Lieutenant. 

Co. K: W. D. Stratton, Captain; J. C. Miller, First Lieutenant; J. J. Lane, Second Lieuten- 
aut; E. W. D. Dunn, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. L: Thomas R. Dick, Captain; William Hollis, First Lieutenant; James Stuart, Second 
Lieutenant; Lockman, Second Lieutenant. 



NINETEENTH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

(BIFFLE'S.) 
Official.'] Field and Staff. 

Colonel, J. B. Biffle; Lieutenant-colonel, A.G.Cooper; Adjutant, Roderick Denny ; Quarter- 
master; W\ M. Irwin; Surgeon. Henry Long; Assistant Surgeon, J. B. Alton; Chaplain, W. p. 
Kindrick. 

COMPANY A. 

Captain, J. J. B;MIe. 

COMPANY B. 

Captain. J. M. Reynolds. 
Ansnn, R.J^k. in action r.t Thompson's Station. I Cobb, James L, d. in prison at Camp Doug- 
March 5, 18G.J. [ lass. 
47 



738 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Lindsay, W. M., d. in hospital. 

Oakley, J. B., k. at Parker's Cross-roads. 

Phillips, J. B., d. in prison. 

COMPANY C. 
Captain, C. F. Barnes. 

COMPANY D. 
Captain, Lewis M. Kirk. 



Smith, John M., d. in prison at Camp Doug- 
las. 



Fox, B. W., d. in hospital at Columbia, Tenn 

March 15, W63. 
McLean, C. D., d. of wounds in April, 1S63. 

COMPANY E. 
, Captain, Gideon J. Adkison. 
Pigg, J. II., k. at Jackson, Tenn., Jan. 15, 1863 

|t . COMPANY F. 

Captain, J. W. Johnson. 



Hasan, F. M. A., k. at Jackson, Tenn- July 13, 
18G3. 



Montague, First Lieutenant James P., k. at 
Parker's Cross-roads, Dec. 31, 18G2. 

Johnson, Second Lieutenant J. R., k. at Thomp- 
son's Scut ion, March 5, lSt>3. 

Blackshare, J. N., k. May 16, 1863, 



Muze, Milton, d. April 28, 1S63. 
Nipper, Munson, d. in prison, March 16, 1S63. 
Warrington, John, k. at Thompson's Station, 
March 5, 1863. 



COMPANY G. 

Captain, John S. Groves 



Hudson, M. H., d. April 4, 1S63. 

Bond, Robert, k. at Thompson's Station, March 
5, 1S63. 



COMPANY H. 
Captain, Thomas S. Beatty, 
Boyce, James M.. d. in prison, Dec. 31, 1802. 
Blackburn, "VTiliium, k. at Thompson's Station, 

March 5, 1863. 

Kirk. Walter, k. at Thompson's Station, March Randle, James C, d. June 4, 1863. 
6, 1863. 

COMPANY I. 
Captain, J. H. Cu!p. 

COMPANY K. 
Captain, R. M. Sharp. 

COMPANY L. 
Captain, R. P. Ford. 



TWENTIETH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

(NIXON'S.) 
By G. H. Nixon, Lawrenceburg, Tenn. 

Soon after the battle of Chiekamauga Col. G. H. Nixon, Lieut.-col. T. R. 
Hughes, and other officers of the Forty-eighth Tennessee Infantry, were or- 
dered or directed by the Secretary of War of the Confederate States of America 
to raise within the enemy's lines in Tennessee a command of cavalry for service 
in the Confederate army. Accordingly Col. Nixon established head-quarters near 
Lamb's Ferry, on the Tennessee River. Here he was at once joined by Capt, 
Thomas II. Paine with a company of men which lie had organized and brought 
out of Middle Tennessee. This company was made the nucleus of the regiment. 
Col. Nixon then gave proper directions to the officers engaged in recruiting, and 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 739 



very soon a splendid battalion was in camp on the south side of the river at the 
Muscle Shoals. "While there recruiting the command had a number of engage- 
ments with the enemy, and was master of the situation for thirty miles up and 
down the shoals of the river. This position aflurded an easy way to reach recruits 
for the command. About this time the Hon. A. O. P. Xuhol.-on, United States 
Senator from Tennessee, was exiled and driven out of the State by the Federals. 
Senator Nicholson was ordered across the Tennessee River at McKernon's Island, 
and was there met and protected by Nixon's command, where he remained for 
some time. 

Early in 1SG4 two brigades of Federal cavalry crossed the Tennessee River at 
Decatur, Ala., and moved in the direction of Moulton, near which place Col. 
Johnson's and Col. Patterson's Alabama regiments and Col. Carter's and Col. Nix- 
on's Tennessee cavalry had quite an engagement, lasting from dawn until late in 
the evening. In this engagement Lieut. -col. T. R. Hughes, of Nixon'^ command, 
was captured. He was a prudent, brave, and chivalrous officer. Soon after this 
engagement orders were received from Gen. Forrest for Col. Nixon to move his 
command into Tennessee, and strike the North-western railroad anywhere between 
Nashville and Johnsonville at the most vulnerable point, and if possible destroy 
the usefulness of the road, and use every effort to draw the Federal cavalry from 
the line of the Nashville and Decatur railroad. This move was executed in such 
a manner as to accomplish all Gen. Forrest desired — the withdrawal of the Fed- 
eral cavalry from the line of the Nashville and Decatur railroad in the direction 
of the North-western railroad. On the return of Col. Nixon he met Gen. Forrest's 
command crossing the Tennessee River at Colbert's Shoals, twenty miles below 
Florence, Ala. Gen. Forrest at once moved his command up the north side of 
the river, and attacked the fortifications at Athens, Ala., reducing them, and tak- 
ing three thousand Federal prisoners. A Federal infantry regiment was sent out 
from Decatur to reenforce Athens. Nixon's regiment was dismounted and ordered 
by Gen. Forrest in person to meet the regiment from Decatur. An engagement 
botween the two regiments took place in an open field. Nixon's regiment — three 
hundred strong — got the advantage of the first fire on the enemy, and soon capt- 
ured the Federal infantry, five hundred strong. This unequal contest was wit- 
nessed by Gen. Forrest. Tiie Federals captured at and near Athens amounted to 
about four thousand. These prisoners were placed in the care of Col. Nixon's 
regiment, and were marched thirty miles in the direction of Florence, and crossed 
the Tennessee River at Bainbridge. The ri^ht flank of Col. Nixon was exposed 
to an attack of the enemy until he crossed the river. The prisoners were con- 
ducted to West Point, Miss., without the escape of a single man. Soon after this 
Nixon's regiment moved into West Tennessee with Gen. Forrest. In this move 
Johnsonville, on the Tennessee River, was destroyed by Capt. Morton's battery, 
and a number of transports were captured and sunk. 

In November, 1S64. Gen. Hood crossed the Tennessee River at Florence. Ala., 
and moved ids army into Middle Tennessee, Forrest's cavalry in advance, Nixon's 
regiment in Bell's brigade and Buford's division. The Confederate cavalry first 
met the Federal forces at Lawrenceburg, Tenn., where an engagement took place, 
the Federals giving way and retiring on the Pulaski and Columbia road. The 
next day an engagement took place at Campbellsvllle, Giles county, where the 
Federal cavalry was badly worsted. It was from then on — Columbia, Duck River, 



740 Militauy Annals of Tennessee. 



Spring Hill, Franklin, Brentwood, and on to Nashville — contested engagements, 
more particularly at Spring Hill and Franklin; and on the day after the battle 
at Franklin, three miles south-east of Brentwood Col. Nixon's regiment charged 
through the center of a Federal brigade of cavalry formed in line of battle, pat- 
ting to flight and capturing many of them. In this engagement the brave and 
gallant Adjutant Bayless was wounded. During the contest around Nashville 
Nixon's regiment was stationed on the right flank of Gen. Hood's army, alon? 
Mill Creek from Cumberland Paver to Dogtown. Several enga^er^t-nts took 
place. On this line of Hood's army no serious demonstration was made. On Gen. 
Flood's retreat from Nashville Forrest's cavalry hovered around and protected the 
rear of the retreating Confederate infantry under Gen. Hood. Many ^i the in- 
fantry were without shoes, staggering on the frozen ground with bleeding feet. 
At Hollow Tree Gap, while the Confederates were chased and hewn down, Col. 
Nixon, with a part of his regiment and the aid of two pieces of artillery, captured 
the advancing battalion of Federal cavalry, and mounted the broken-down and 
shoeless infantry of the Confederates, and parsed along the P'ranklin pike within 
range of a regiment of Federal troops, who withheld their fire ori account of the 
presence of their comrades who were just captured. By this capture and check 
of the Federals the Confederate army was enabled to cross the swollen Harpeth at 
Franklin without loss. From Franklin to Duck River near Columbia it was al- 
most a hand-to-hand ficht between the Confederate and Federal cavalrv. After 
the Confederates passed Duck River Geri. Hood was not molested until lie reached 
and crossed the Tennessee River in safety at Bainbridge. 

Early in 1S65 Col. Nixon's and Col. Logwood's regiments were consolidated and 
designated in army orders as "Nixon's Regiment" — G. H. Nixon, Colonel: Log- 
wood, Lieutenant-colonel; and Crews, Major. This regiment was placed in Gen. 
A. W. Campbell's brigade, and at the surrender at Gainesville, Ala., had about 
four hundred well-mounted and effective men. Just before the surrender they had 
an engagement with two regiments of Federal cavalry, and drove them acru^s the 
Cahawba River near Centreville, Ala. 

Before the consolidation with Col. Logwood's regiment the command was offi- 
cered as follows: Colonel, G. H. Nixon; Lieutenant-colonel, Thomas R. Hus:::e<: 

Major, Gilbert; Captains, Thomas H, Paine, Lewis Miller, O. T. Piummer, 

Bf. Voss, George P. H. Craig, John W. Benham, and other Captains, Lieutenants, 
etc. After the consolidation Col. Nixon, Lieut. -col. Logwood, Maj. Crew<. Capts. 
Waddell and others, were in command. After Gen. Hood's retreat from Tennes- 
see Col. Nixon commanded Pucker's brigade, in Gen. W. H. Jackson's division, up 
to within a few da\v of the surrender, when Gen. A. W. Campbell was cm mis- 
sioned and assumed command. 

Official] Headquarters, Lamb's Ferry - , Ala., 

May 27, 1864. 
Dear General: I pm here raising a regiment under authority of the Secretary 
of War; also Capt. Carter, of Wheeler's scouts, with like authority. It Is our pur- 
pose to tender you the command of the forces when organized. Capt. Career re- 
sides in Rutherford county, Tenn., and is a warm friend of yours. We think you 
have been shamefully treated. I have scouts and recruiting detachments in Ten- 
nessee constantly, I get news from there everv day or so. For the la.-t three 



Eegimental Histories and Memorial Eolls. 741 



weeks there have been but few Federal* in Middle Tennessee. At this time there 
are four hundred at Pulaski, three hundred at Columbia, one regiment at Shelby- 
ville, and about eight hundred men at Murfreesboro. Two thousand men could 

destroy the Tennessee and Alabama railroad without molestation. The people 
are trying to farm as much as possible, and will make a pretty poor crop. I wish 
you were here with a good command of cavalry to move into Tennessee. The 
Tennessee Kiver is now fordable at the shoals above and below Lamb's Ferry. 
The Federals have a pretty strong force at Decatur — three or four thousand strong. 
General, write me all the news from Lee and Johnston. 
Respectfully your obedient servant, 

[Signed] G. H. Nixon, 

Colonel Twentieth Tennessee Cavalry. 

NOTE. — This was found among the muster-rolls of the Nineteenth Cavalry, 
the only paper.on file. 



From Forrest's Campaigns. 

TWENTIETH TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

(RUSSELL'S.) ' • 

Field and Staff Officers. 
K M. Russell, Colonel ; S. J. Ray, Assistant Quartermaster; J. B. Westbrook, Assistant Sur- 
geon; H. C. Grier, Lieutenant-colonel; T. C. McNeill, Surgeon; A. G. Hawkins, Lieutenant and 
Adjutant; H. F. Bowman, Major. 

Company Officers. 

Co. A: William Gay, Captain; J. H. Biakemore, First Lieutenant; J. N. Gay, Second Lieu- 
tenant; R. H. Goodman, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. B: William H. Hawkins, Captain; N. W. McNeill, First Lieutenant; William H. Courts, 
Second Lieutenant; M. B. Dinwiddie, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. C: J. T. Mat his, Captain; J. P. Armstrong, First Lieutenant; N. S. Halliburton, Second 
Lieutenant. 

Co. D: J. A.Shane, Captain; J. R. Dance, First Lieutenant; J. W. Herrin, Second Lieuten- 
ant; G. F. Nelson, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. E: W. D. Hallam, Captain; J. A. Caster, First Lieutenant. 

Co. F: J. C. Wilson, Captain; J. A. Crutchtield, First Lieutenant. 

Co. G: J. R. Hibbitt, Captain. 

Co. H: J. R. Gardner, Captain ; A. C. Miller, First Lieutenant; R. C. McLesky, Second Lieu- 
tenant; George Cathey, Second Lieutenant. 

Co. I : W. H. Lawler, First Lieutenant. 

Co. K: M. H. Freeman, First Lieutenant; A. J. Killebrew, Second Lieutenant; T.J. Burton, 
Second Lieutenant. 



TWENTY-FIRST TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

By Roeert L. Morris, Nashville, Tens. 

The last regiment, and probably the last body o^ any sort, organized from Ten- 
nessee recruits on the Confederate side was that of the Twenty-first Tennessee 
Cavalry — or "Carter's" regiment, as it was more generally known. It was com- 
posed largely of young men who had grown to manhood daring the long four 



742 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

years of war. In fact, many of them were still boys in years, but whom the rough 
and stormy times had schooled into the bravery and hardihood of men. They 
were enlisted inside of the enemy's lines, and though under his yoke, and taught 
by deserters and converted Unionists that the cause was hopeless, they neverthe- 
less burned to add their strength and valor to the cause of the Southern Confed- 
eracy; and in several instances they had actually to fight their way to the Confed- 
erate lines. The writer well remembers when a squad of eighteen men — the 
nucleus of Company F — all raw recruits except the Captain (Robert Withers), on 
their way to Kittikaskia Springs, the head-quarters of the regiment in the Ten- 
nessee Valley, were attacked by two companies of Brownlow's regiment, sent in 
pursuit from Franklin, Tenn. The squad was overtaken a few miles south of 
Lawrenceburg, on the old military road, when, taking to the woods, a running 
tight of miles was maintained; and the enemy were not shaken off until after about 
two hours of pursuit and an almost continuous fusilade — a precipitous bluff and 
creek, bordered on the other side by a more dense undergrowth, finally halting 
the pursuers. 

Again, starting with another company of about thirty or more recruits for Com- 
pany F, they were attacked near Nolensville, Tenn., by a small scouting party of 
Federals. The assailants were handsomely routed, and three prisoners made, who 
were paroled and allowed to return to Nashville. 

The history of recruiting for Company F was, no doubt, the general history of 
all other companies composing the regiment. The very horses, arms, and equip- 
ments of the members were generally captured from isolated squads of Federals 
traversing the country, our richest captures being made on the turnpikes lead- 
ing from Nashville and from wood-camps established to supply wood to the Gov- 
ernment, which were generally guarded by a few soldiers. One member of Com- 
pany F, a boy not more than fifteen or sixteen years of age, mounted the richly- 
caparisoned horse of a Federal officer left momentarily by his rider on the public 
square in the city of Nashville, and dashing past the pickets on the Lebanon 
turnpike, joined us the same day on the Stewart Ferry road. Another member 
(James Turnei), not much older, laid himself down in the weeds on the side of 
the Lebanon pike, and with a small self-cocking pistol as his only weapon, capt- 
ured a Federal cavalryman riding leisurely along reading a newspaper. Dis- 
mounting him, his horse, arms, and overcoat were generously appropriated on be- 
half of the Southern Confederacy. 

But to return to a history of the regiment. Its origin was as follows: In the 
fall of 1862 Nathan W. Carter, of La Vergne, Tenn., raised a cavalry company in 
that vicinity, which was known as "Carter's Scouts." Their intimate knowledge 
. of the country, in which most of them were reared, enabled them to be of much 
benefit to the Confederate army before and during the battle of Murfreesboro: and 
the company and its Captain became great favorites with Gen. Joseph "Wheeler. 
After serving with Gen. Wheeler for some time, taking part in his numerous en- 
gagements, raids, and retreats, the idea was conceived of organizing a regiment, 
whose principal duty was to be that of scouting and picketing for the Army of 
Tennessee, and their base of operations to be in the Tennessee Valley below De- 
catur. Accordingly, in the spring of 1864 Capt. Carter, through the influence of 
Gen. Wheeler, obtained from Hon. J. A. Seddon, Secretary of War at Richmond, 
a commission as Colonel, with authority to recruit a regiment inside the enemy's 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



lines. With this object in view, Carter established a camp at Kittika-kia Springs, 
in the Tennessee Valley, a short distance below Courtland, Ala. About this time 
the enlistment of three years of members of the First Tennessee Infantry expired, 
and a few of them enlisted with Carter. Two of these (R. II. Dudley and Rob- 
ert Withers) were authorized by Carter to raise companies for his regiment. The 
services of others were likewise secured, and by the time Gen. Wheeler made his 
first raid into Tennessee, in the summer of 1864, a first-rate battalion was formed; 
and crossing Tennessee River at Bainbridge, to form a junction with Gen. Wheel- 
er, they ctruck the two companies of Brownlow's regiment mentioned above, about 
four miles from Florence, and whipped them, killing and capturing several of tb« 
enemy. In this engagement the raw recruits exhibited the steadiness of veter- 
ans, as Carter was taken very much at a disadvantage. None of the enemy were 
supposed to be near, and the command had just dismounted to feed their horses 
and cook their breakfast, when the pickets were run in, followed closely by the 
Federals. The command to mount and charge was quickly given, and the enemy 
were soon routed. Failing to reach Gen. Wheeler's command, Col- Carter re- 
turned to the Tenuessee Valley and resumed camp again at Kittikaskia Springs. 
The several companies filled up pretty rapidly, and when Gen. Wheeler, in the 
month, of August, approached the Tennessee River, followed by heavy forces of 
the enemy, the Twenty-first was able to form a junction with him north of Law- 
renceburg with a still larger body of men, and returning with his command re- 
crossed the Tennessee River just below Florence, and again went into camp at 
Kittikaskia Springs. Here the time was spent in recruiting and scouting in Mid- 
dle Tennessee until Gen. Forrest started on his raid into Tennessee, in September, 
18G4. On the 21st of that month the regiment, under the command of Col. Car- 
ter, crossed the river at Bainbridge, with Roddey's command, and were joined the 
next day at Florence by Gen. Forrest's command, which had crossed at Colbert's 
Ferry. 

At this time the regiment numbered about four hundred men. All of the com- 
panies had perfected their organizations, but the regimental field officers had not 
been selected further than X. W. Carter as Colonel, with a Commissary acting 
under appointment from him. In fact, the regimental organization was not fully 
perfected until while in camp at Shelbyville, Tenn., upon Gen. Hood's campaign 
into Tennessee, when Robert Withers was made Lieutenant-colonel; R. H. Dud- 
ley, Major; Robert Owen, Adjutant; and T. S. Leftwich, Commissary. 

Gen. Forrest's line of march led by Athens, Ala., which was taken, with about 
fourteen hundred men, rank and file, and about four hundred others sent to 
"reenforce them. 

The morning of the 25th of September found Gen. Forrest, with his command, 
in front of ''Sulphur Trestle," on the line of the Tennessee and Alabama rail- 
road. The trestle was a costly structure which spanned a deep ravine some four 
hundred feet across, and was sixty feet high. It was defended by a strong redoubt 
garnished with artillery and heavily garrisoned. There were also in t he arrange- 
ments for its defense several block-houses. The redoubt, with faces of about three 
hundred feet in length, was constructed so as to command the trestle and all it* 
approaches. It was furnished with two twelve-pound howitzers skillfully arranged 
to fire through embrasures, while about two hundred yards in advance on three 
sides was surrounded by riHe-pits. Rueker's brigade, led by Col. Keiley and sap- 



744 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



.ported by Col. Carter's regiment and a portion of Roddey's command, were dis- 
mounted and ordered to charge the rifle-pits and drive every thing within the 
fort. The charge was made across an open field, with every musket and the artil- 
lery of the enemy in full blaze. The right was short, but very hot. The enemy soon 
sought shelter with in the fort, but not until several valuable men of the Confederate 
force had been killed, and Col. Carter, gallantly leading his regiment, was badly 
wounded. For the gallantry of the Twenty-first in this charge they were publicly 
complimented by Gen. Forrest. With a favorable position gained by Forrest's 
artillery, aided by a lively tire from the riflemen, the redoubt soon wore the aspect 
of a slaughter-pen. Over two hundred Federal officers and men were slain, in- 
cluding Col. Lathrop, the commander. Gen. Forrest ordering a cessation of hos- 
tilities, the demand for a surrender was acceded to, eight hundred and twenty 
officers and men capitulating. 

The Twenty-first Tennessee continued with Forrest's command in Middle Ten- 
nessee until he was forced by overpowering numbers to retire across Tennessee 
River. Early in October the regiment again went into camp in the Tennessee Val- 
ley at its old camping-ground, and continued to gather recruits. With the coming 
of Gen. Hood's army into the valley on its way into Tennessee, numerous acces- 
sions were made to the regiment by transfers from the infantry while encamped 
together at Tuscumbia, Ala. By the time a forward movement began the com- 
panies were pretty well filled, and the regiment numbered six or seven hundred 
men. It will be remembered that at this period of the war few regiments num- 
bered so many. Col. Carter being still disabled by his wound, Robert Withers, 
Captain of Co. F, was selected to command the regiment in Carter's place, no 
regimental organization being yet perfected other than temporary appointments 
of Adjutant and Commissary, it being thought advisable to await the return of 
Col. Carter. 

The Twenty-first crossed Tennessee River with Jackson's division of cavalry, to 
which it was attached; Gen. Forrest, upon his arrival, having been placed in com- 
mand of the entire cavalry force of Hood's army. The crossing was made about 
the 12th of October, 1S64, and camp pitched that night several miles north of 
Florence, toward Lawrenceburg. 

Shortly after the movement into Tennessee began, Col. Hill was ordered to the 
command of the regiment, and it was placed in the van-guard on the Lawrence- 

iburg road. While waiting for the crossing of the infantry and artillery, the regi- 
ment was put forward several miles in advance as a protection for forage-trains. 
After proceeding leisurely for several miles, and coming to where the road forked, 
a counter-march was being executed, when the Federals suddenly appeared, and 
opened fire upon the regiment in this position. A momentary panic ensued, but 
order was quickly restored, and, falling back a few hundred yards, a line was 
formed and the attack of the enemy awaited, but no further demonstration was 
made. 

About the 21st of November found the regiment, still in the van, encamped for 
the night within five miles of Lawrenceburg. Early next morning, about day- 
light, Capt. Withers, with a picked body of men, numbering about twenty-five, 
went forward to drive in the pickets and feel of the enemy in the town of Law- 
renceburg, as they were thought to be in considerable force there. The pickets 
were driven in, and the town found to be alire with the enemv, to the number of 



Eegimental Histories and Mehobial Rolls. 715 



four or five thousand, in command of Gen. Hatch. A courier was dispatched to 
Col. Hill with the information, and po>iti'm was taken by "Withers and his little 
command on a hill overlooking Lawreneeburg and across the road leading south. 
In a little while a pretty heavy skirmish line was put forward by the enemy, when, 
falling still farther back, a better position was obtained by Capt. Withers where 
the road led up a narrow valley. Word was here received from Col. Hill that 
Jackson's division was yet several miles in the rear; that he was fortifying with 
rails, and for him (Withers) to check the advance of the enemy if possible. It 
was soon discovered that the Federals were making a reconnoissance in force, as 
they approached in pretty solid column, with their flanks well extended. Wait- 
ing until they were well in the narrow valley and had begun the ascent of the 
hill, the command to charge was given, and, spurring their horses, the little band 
boldly struck the head of the column, and penetrated some distance into their 
lines. For a few minutes a desperate hand-to-hand fight ensued. Turning, the 
company made its way out with the loss of only one man, but nearly every horse 
was more or less badly wounded. Several of the Federals were slain. The Con- 
federate killed in this encounter was Mac Halfacre, of Co. F, recently transferred 
from the signal corps — a brave and gallant soldier. The attack was sufficient to 
check the advance of the enemy, and they retired to Lawreneeburg. With the 
appearance of Jackson his artillery was favorably stationed and fire opened on 
the town. In the afternoon, with the troops dismounted, an assault was made. 
The Twenty-first Tennessee and Twenty-eighth Mississippi, occupying the ceutt-r 
of the line, bore the brunt of the engagement. So swiftly and hardly were the 
enemy pressed that their camp was taken and a good deal of valuable material 
and much-needed rations captured. 

The Twenty-first Tennessee continued in the advance, with many hot skirmishes 
each day, until Duck River was crossed, when they were relieved. At the battle 
of Franklin the Twenty-first was upon the extreme right wing, and performed its 
share of that useless and bloody battle, losing several men. In this fight First 
Lieut. Dismukes, of Co. F, was badly wounded. 

From Franklin the Twenty-first was sent with Jackson's and Buford's divisions 
to Murfreesboro, which place Gen. Rousseau held with a force of fully eight thou- 
sand men, while the Confederate force numbered only six thousand five hundred. 
In the sortie made by Rousseau the Twenty-first Tennessee, with the Eighth or 
Eleventh Texas, occupied an old line of rifle-pits overlooking a cotton-field over 
which the enemy must come. Word was passed along the line to hold the fire 
until the word of command was given by Capt. Withers. The enemy was allowed 
to approach very close without a shot from the Twenty-first, when, leaping from 
his pit, Withers gave the command to fire, and a deadly volley was poured into 
the enemy, followed by another, and still another. They recoiled, and fell back 
in confusion. In this engagement the Texas regiment just to the right m the 
Twenty-first Tennessee began to desert their pits, but, finding that the Twenty-first 
stood manfully to their pests, they returned; nor was this part of the line broken 
that day, while Bate's division of infantry was badly discomfited and driven back. 
The reports of the Federal commanders showed that the reserved fire of the Twen- 
ty-first was remarkably effective. The Federal regiment facing them was more 
than decimated in a few minutes. 

From Murfreesboro, while Hood was still investing Nashville, the Twenty-first 



746 Military Annals of Tennessee. 

was ordered to Shelbvville, and while there the regimental organization was com- 
pleted, as before mentioned. The town was attacked by a battalion of Tennessee 
Federal troops, who were repulsed with a loss of two men killed and several pris- 
oners, and, being pursued, retired into the fortifications at Wartrace. 

As Gen. Hood began to fall back the regiment was ordered to gather up beef- 
cattle and drive them toward the Tennessee Itiver. Pursuant to this order, a 
large number of cattle was gathered in the counties of Bedford and Lincoln: but 
; as much delay was experienced in gathering them up and driving them, Hood's 

army, which was rapidly falling back, soon passed south of the regiment. Cou- 
rier after courier had been dispatched, but none returned. Finding that the reji- 
ment was cut ofi from a junction with Hood and intercepted upon all roads to the 
Tennessee River, the order to disperse was given, with instructions to cross the 
river and rendezvous at Iuka, Miss., after returning home and obtaining fresh 
horses and clothing. Only a portion of the regiment finally made their way out, 
but sufficient to form three full companies. 

In the reorganization of Forrest's cavalry, in March, 1864, Nixon's Eecimenr, 
the Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Twenty -first, were consolidated. These regiments, 
as thus consolidated, mustered an "aggregate present" of four hundred and thirty- 
seven. This regiment took part in the last campaign against Gen. Wilson, which 
culminated at Selma, Ala., and finally surrendered with Forrest at Gainesville, 
Ala., in May, 1864. 

It is believed that there is no roster of the regiment extant, and these notes 
have been hastily prepared as the work goes to press. It is probable that a tol- 
j erable roster of the several companies might have been made from the recollec- 

tion of the survivors, though by no means accurate and full, as more than twenty 
years have now passed since the close of that gigantic struggle between the North 
and the South. 

The following is a roster of Co. F, of which the writer was a member, compiled 
from recollection, and not giving more than one-half of its true members: 

Officers. 
Captain, Robert Withers. I Lieutenant-colonelcy, R. L. Morris wa.? made 

First Lieutenant, Robert L. Morris. j Captain. John L. Disnmkes Fir-r Llearen- 

Second Lieutenant, John L. Dismukes. I ant, and Jones Bixter Second Lieutenant.] 

[After the promotion of Robert Withers to the I Orderly Sergeant, Reuben Safiarecs. 



Strattoo, Mosely T. 
Walton, Ike 
Hedgepeth, Robert 
Boner, Henry 
Hurt, Millon 
Hughley, Turner 
Elam, James 
Frazier, William 
Terry, Geo. 
Perry, William 
Smith, Tom 
Turner, James 
Dennison, John 
Dennison, Thomas 
Roberts, Wm. 
Hailacre, Mac 



Phivates. 

Walsh, Wm. 
Holmes, Cage 

Laiten, 

Laurent, Emile 
Laurent, Ed. 
Laurent, Eugene 
Lawrence, Vaughn 
Page, Clay 
Castleman, Joseph 
Clemens, F. M. 
Clay, Wm. 
Steele, Asbury 
Matlock, Button 
Goodwin, Wm. 
Goodwin, Ewing 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 717 



Williams, Zach. 

[Of these, Mac Halfacre, Button •Matlock, and 
Asbury Steele were killed; Eugene Laurent 



was drowned crossing Hatrhie River, iu \Ve«t 
Tennessee; and Elam died of fever in Ala- 
bama.] 



Carter, N. W., Co. A. 
Ezell, James B., Co. B. 
Vaughn, N. W., Co. C. 
Dudley, Bobt, Co. E. 
Withers, Robt., Co. F. 



Captains. 

Oliver,- , Co.G. 

Norton, , Co. H. 

Hollowell, Thos., Co. I. 
Vanhouten, J. B., Co. K. 






FOURTH BATTALION TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

Official.'] ■ 

Lieutenant-colonel, B. M. Branner 

COMPANY A. 
Captain, Wm. F. Ragsdale. 

Ward, George W., d. 1661. 

Young, William, d. May 22, in Coffee cog cry 



Ellis, William O., d. 1862. 
Howard, Joseph, d. 1861. 
Soule, Rufus, d. 1862. 



COMPANY B. 
Captain, John R. Rowan. 



Johnston, William H., d. at Crossville, Jan. 23, 

1862. 
Webb, Larkin, d. JIarch 1, 1862. 
Cunningham, John EL, d. Feb. 8, 1862. 
Hedgccock, James, d. Feb. 21, 1S62. 



Tate, John, d. Feb. 21, 1862. 
Hix. Russell, d. Oct. 11, 1861. 
Brown, Lieut. Wm. M., d. Dec. 16,1861. 
Carter, Granville J., d.Sept. 21, 1861. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, Henry M. Ashby. 
Gibson, James, d. Oct. 7, 1861. i Lay, Samson T, d. Nov. I 

Harbison, J. H. H., d. Oct. S, 1861. | Johnson, Russell C, k. 

Hicks, C. W., d. Dec. 23, 1861, at Mill Springs, j April 18, 1S62. 
Ky. | 

COMPANY D. 
Captain, Robert Simpson. 



, 1861. 

at Fincastie, Term. 



Carmack, C. E., d. Nov. 17, 1861. 
Adam, William Lake, d. Jan. 26, 1S62. 
Sau,pder=, R. J., d. Nov. 1861. 



Vaughn, A. M., d. Feb. U, 1862. 
Rissel, J. M., d. Dec. 30, 1801. 



Davis, Timothy, d. Aug. 31. 
Horn, James H., d. Sept. 4. 



Williford, A., d. Sept. 2, 1861. 
Hale, William D, d. Aug. 27, 1S61. 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, F. M. Jackson. 

I Ulman, J. B., k. in action, Oct. 19, 1861. 



COMPANY F. 
Captain, George H. Finley. 

Knight, Leroy, d. Aug. 15. 
Loyd, Thomas, d. Feb. 27, 1SCJ 



i48 



Military Annals of Tennessee. 



FIFTH BATTALION TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 



Official'] 



Lieutenant-colonel, George K. McClellan. 

COMPANY B. 
Captain, C. C. Spiller. 



Shull, William, k. by the fail of a horse, Dec. [ Bell, Pleasant, d. Sept. 11, 1861. 



1, 1861. 



Lindsey, Gentry, d. 



COMPANY C. 
Captain, Henry C. Gillespie. 

I Hutchison, James, d. 



COMPANY D. 
Captain, Henry K. Le| 



Anderson, Jesse, d. Sept. 22, 1861, 
Adams, Welbourne, d. Dec. 28, 1861. 
Pridemore, James B., d. Feb. 12, 1S62. 
Forgy, J. A., d. Feb. 27, 1S62. 



Sullivan, John J., d. April 21, 1862. 
Dunham, H. S., d. Feb. I, 18G2. 
Levasey, Anderson, d. Feb. 5, 1S62. 



Amburn, Bennett, d. 

Fogg, Isaac, d. Jan. 27, 1862. 

Spradlin, Nathan, d. Feb. 2, 1862. 



COMPANY E. 
Captain, W. C. Holland. 

Heartsill, N. A., k. accidentally, March 18, 
1862. 



COMPANY F. 
Captains: C. H. Ingle and David McClellan. 



Delaney, J. R. T., d. Sept. 24, 1861. 
Culbert, Alexander, d. Sept. 12, 1861. 
Moree, W. D., d. Oct. 3, 1861. 
McClellan, Capt. David, d. at Corinth, Miss., 

April 25, 1862. 
Cole, J. O., d. at Chattanooga, Tenn., March 10, 

1862. 
Erwin, T. F., d. at Decatur, Ala., May 14, 1S62. 



Fousr, G. W., d. at Corinth, Miss., April 1, 1862. 
Godsey, W. H., d. in Sullivan county, Tenn., 

June 16, 1862. 
Veach, Joseph, d. in Sullivan county, Tenn., 

Feb. 15, 1862. 
Gross, Nathaniel, d. at Decatur, Ala., April 5, 

1862. 



NINTH BATTALION TENNESSEE CAVALRY. 

By H. Clay Mack, McKinney, Texas. 

The Ninth Battalion Tennessee Confederate Cavalry, composed of volunteers, 
good and true men, was organized at " Camp Maury," near Nashville, in Decem- 
ber, 1861, and was composed of six full companies, three companies of which 
(A, B, and E) were from Maury county, two companies (C and D) from Hick- 
man, and one company (F) from Wayne. The following constituted the original 
roll of field and staff officers: 

George Gantt, Lieutenant-colonel; B. W« Porter, Major; Hunter Nicholson, 
Adjutant,: B. M. Hatcher, Quartermaster; G. W. May berry, Commissary; Eev. 
N. W. Motheral, Chaplain; Dr. Joe E. Dixon, Surgeon; Wru. Akin, Quarter- 
master Sergeant; T. Jones, Commissary Sergeant. 

The different companies were officered as follows: 

Co. A: J. N. Walker, Captain; E. N. It. Foster, First Lieutenant; Frank J. 
McLean, Second Lieutenant; Joe A. Irvine, Junior Second Lieutenant. 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



49 



Co. B: R. N. Moore, Captain; T. L. Porter, First Lieutenant; J. B. Galloway, 
Seeond Lieutenant; W. II. McFall, Junior Second Lieutenant. 

Co. C: V. F. Bibb, Captain; W. B. Erwin, First Lieutenant; G. L. Grimes, 
Second Lieutenant; T. II. Church, Junior Second Lieutenant. 

Co. D: R. N. Whitson, Captain; E. A. Ilornbeak, First Lieutenant; B. Me- 
Lanahan, Second Lieutenant; A. McCaleb, Junior Seeond Lieutenant. 

Co. E: James H. Akin, Captain; A. B. Biflle, First Lieutenant; A. A. Kenne- 
dy, Second Lieutenant; A. J. Pugh, Junior Second Lieutenant. 

Co. F: Thomas Whitehead, Captain; Samuel Burns, First Lieutenant; Dr. 
Crouch, Second Lieutenant; W. M. Biffle, Junior Second Lieutenant. 

On the approach of the Federals to Forts Henry and Donelson the battalion 
was ordered to the latter place. The first attack being made on Fort Henry, it 
was ordered there two days before that place fell into the hands of the enemy, and 
on the evening before the fort was reduced by the United States flotilla experi- 
enced its first active field service, which consisted in reconnoitering the move- 
ments of the enemy. On the next day, Fort Henry having fallen, the battalion 
reported for duty at Fort Donelson, where, under Col. X. B. Forrest, it took part 
in the defense of our works until the loth of February, 1862, when it was include.! in 
the surrender made on the morning of the 16th. The field officers of the battal- 
ion were imprisoned at Fort Warren; officers of the line first at Camp Chase, then 
on Johnson's Island; and the privates at Camp Morton. After a wearisome, rest- 
less, and unhappy period of seven months imprisonment, by the terms of the gen- 
eral exchange of prisoners the battalion was placed again on Southern soil at 
Vicksburg, and from thence was removed to Jackson, Miss., for the purpose of re- 
organization and equipment. After the reorganization, about the last of Septem- 
ber, 1862, the field and staff officers were as follows: 

v George Gantt, Lieutenant-colonel; James II. Akin, Major; W. Yance Thomp- 
son, Adjutant; G. A. Pope, Quartermaster; II. C. Mack, Commissary; Thomas 
Hannah, Assistant Surgeon; Bev. John'Cirisham, Chaplain; T. X. Jones. Ser- 
geant-major; W. T. Porter, Quartermaster Sergeant; Eli E. Akin, Commissary 
Sergeant; G. B. Farrar, Ordnance Sergeant; W. H. Timmons, Hospital Steward. 

The companies were officered as follows: 

Co. A: Frank J. McLean, Captain; II. L. Hendley, First Lieutenant; D. X. 
Estes, Second Lieutenant; Joe A. Irvine, Junior Second Lieutenant. 

Co. B: E. N. Moore, Captain; J. B. Galloway, First Lieutenant; John J. Ste- 
phenson, Second Lieutenant; Thomas J. Terry, Junior Second Lieutenant. 

Co. C: G. W. May berry, Captain; W. B. Erwin, First Lieutenant; Marion 
Bryant, Second Lieutenant; D. S. Johnson, Junior Second Lieutenant. 

Co. D: Jerry Green, -Captain; E. A. Ilornbeak, First Lieutenant; Marsh Foster, 
Second Lieutenant; G. H. Broom, Junior Second Lieutenant. 

Co. E: A. B. Bifile, Captain; George O. Kirk, First Lieutenant; Joe J. Pat- 
ton, Second Lieutenant; J. J. Carry, Junior Second Lieutenant. 

Co. F: Win. L. Bromley, Captain; Joe A. Clendenin, First Lieutenant; J. E. 
Grimes, Seeond Lieutenant; J. I. Cotton, Junior Seeond Lieutenant. 

Soon after the reorganization Col. Gantt, with a detail from the several compa- 
nies, was ordered to Middle Tennessee to get recruits for the battalion and secure 
horses upon which to remount his men. During his absence, and almost immedi- 
ately upon his departure, the battalion, under Maj. Akin, was ordered to- report to 



750 Military Annals of Tennessee. 



Col. Sirnonton, of the First Mississippi Infantry, commanding brigade, ami with 
him joined the forces of Gens. Price and Van Porn on their retreat from Corinth, 
Miss. 

In a short time the brigade was ordered south to report to Gen. Yillepigue, at 
Port Hudson, where they aided in the construction of the fortifications. Here 
the battalion was joined by Col. Gantt and the recruits he brought from Tennes- 
see, about the 1st of January, 1363, and was remounted. Col. Gantt was put in com- 
mand of all the cavalry at this point, and charged with the duty of covering Gen. 
I Gardner's front, which he did with great success, his system of picketing being 

regarded as superior. About this time Gen. Gardner, with all his infantry, was 
besieged in Port Hudson. In the meantime Col. Gantt obtained leave of absence 
and returned to Tennessee, which, soon after his arrival, fell into the hands of the 
Federals. The Colonel in attempting to make his escape was wounded and taken 
prisoner, after which the command of the battalion devolved upon Maj. Akin, 
who continued in command till the close of the war. 

During the first half of 1863 the battalion was brigaded with the Fourth Con- 
federate Cavalry, Wilbur's Mississippi regiment, the Eleventh and Seventeenth 
Arkansas Mounted Infantry. The brigade thus formed was placed under com- 
mand of Col. John L. Logan, of Arkansas. This body of troops operated up and 
down the Mississippi River, from Yicksburg to Baton Rouge, having many lively 
engagements with the enemy, who was trying to occupy the country. On one oc- 
casion the battalion surprised and captured the Fourteenth New York Metropol- 
itan Cavalry, with all their arms, equipments, etc. This body of troops was on 
outpost duty for the army of Gen. Banks, which at the time was investing Port 
Hudson, and of course its capture was effected in close proximity to Banks's whole 
army. In a short time after this, in the vicinity of Port Hudson, a train of one 
hundred wagons was sent out by Gen. Banks to forage upon the country. This 
train was escorted by quite a large body of the enemy, splendidly armed and 
equipped. Our brigade, nevertheless, dashed into them, and while a portion of 
the command was engaging them in the front the Ninth Battalion gained their 
rear, cut off the wagon-train, capturing every wagon, and brought them in safetv 
t> Jackson, Miss. — ninety-six splendid new wagons, with their teams, aggregat- 
ing near four hundred of the finest mules. 

During the siege of Port Hudson the brigade made a raid on Springfield Land- 
ing, La., immediately on the Mississippi River, only four miles below Port Plud- 
son. It was the emporium for the landing and storage of supplies for Banks's 
army during the investment of Port Hudson. One evening while our brigade 
was quietly encamped near Gains's Mill, in Mississippi, the bugle sounded the 
signal to "mount horses, and then fall into line." This being done, the brigade 
moved off at a rapid pace in a south-easterly direction. The march continued 
all night through darkness. All main roads were avoided. Having traveled 
near seventy-five miles, the brigade was halted and a detail sent forward to capt- 
ure the pickets of the garrison stationed at the landing. This being done, the en- 
tire brigade charged in three columns through an open field. Some of the enemy 
threw down their arms and surrendered, others continued firing from out-houses 
and behind fo\cv<, and some from boats lying at the wharf, upon which they had 
taken refuge. The Ninth Battalion was sent forward on the road leading to Port 
Hudson to intercept any reinforcements from Banks's main army, only four miles 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 



51 






distant. The rest of the brigade set fire to the buildings containing the comnii^- 
sary and quartermaster stores, and began destroying a large train of wagons. At 
this moment a command of Rhode Island cavalry, sent by Gen. Banks, came to 
the rescue. The Ninth Battalion met them with a deadly fire. They fell back, 
but soon re-formed and came again, but were again repulsed with heavy loss. By 
this time the destruction of the commissary and quartermaster stores and the 
wagons was completed; then the brigade was ordered to retire, which it did in 
safety; and after a circuitous and most wearisome march of two days, the battal- 
ion reached its old camp. 

The result of this raid was the destruction of the garrison, the burning of over 
half a million of rations and a large quantity of quartermaster stores, together 
with a very large train of Avagons. The loss of our command was small. 

Soon after the surrender of Port Hudson the enemy sent a mixed brigade of 
colored and white troops, supported by artillery, to occupy Jackson, La., and 
when attacked by our brigade they made a most desperate resistance, fighting 
hand to hand. Finally, unable longer to withstand the onslaught of our men. the 
enemy took refuge in a large brick building — the Centenary College. Our com- 
mand still pursued them, under a most galling and fatal lire of the enemy from 
the many windows of this large building, charged on and stormed their castie, 
and soon gained a splendid but costly victory. The enemy was totally used up. 
All his artillery, baggage, small arms, etc., fell into our hands. 

Gen. Wirt Adams was next placed in command of the brigade, bringing with 
him his old regiment, which was added to the brigade. The Ninth Battalion par- 
ticipated in many engagements under this gallant and beloved commander during 
the fall of 1SG3, serving with it in the campaign against McPherson on his fa- 
mous raid from Yicksburg to Livingston; also participating in the hard service 
of the campaign against Sherman on his march to Meridian, Miss. On this raid 
the battalion was ordered to hold a point and, if possible, develop the strength of 
the enemy, when by a flank movement the enemy gained the rear, and, securing a 
bridge, cut off all hope of escape with the horses. The members of the battalion 
have always held in grateful remembrance the gallantry of Gen. \Ym. IT. Jack- 
son and his escort in charging and repulsing a superior force of the enemy and 
holding a bridge for their safe retreat. 

At Meridian the battalion was detached from the brigade with which it had 
acted so long and successfully, and was moved to Dal ton, Ga., in March, 1S64. 
Here it became a part of the army of Gen. Jos. E. Johnston, and was assigned to 
a brigade of Tennessee cavalry commanded by Col. Henry Ash by. It would he 
proper here to state that, owing to the death of Capt. R. X. Moore, of Co. B, ami 
the refusal of any of that company's officers who were present to be promoted, the 
company elected R. Compton for its Captain, who served with signal ability and 
courage from December, 1362, to June, 1863, when First Lieut. Galloway, who 
had been absent sick, returned, and was given the Captaincy. 

At Dalron the battalion was rejoined by its old and much-esteemed Sunreon. 
Dr. Joe E. Dixon, who, since the battalion was exchanged, had been assigned to 
duty in another field. The Ninth Battalion, with the other commands composing 
Col. Ashby's brigade, now became a part of Gen. Joe Wheeler's cavalry corps, 
and so remained until the close of the war. 

The constant service required of all parts of Johniton*s army may be said to 



752 



Military Annals or Tennessee. 



have commenced tfith the retreat of the army from Dalton. Every backward 
step of the Confederates or fonvard step of the Federals was the signal for an en- 
gagement of some kind. The battalion, however, made quite a reputation for 
gallantry and efficiency under its present commander; was always assigned to a 
post of danger, and was engaged in active work almost daily. It performed its 
part with its usual courage and credit at the battle of Resaca, and was afterward 
assigned the duty of covering the retreat on one of the roads leading back to Chat- 
tahooehe River. It is sufficient to say that on all this long and difficult retreat, 
and under the pressure of a hot pursuit, the officers and men performed their part, 
so well that no complaint was ever made; but, on the other hand, the praise due 
to courage and faithfulness to duty was freely accorded them. To attempt to say 
more of such a long-continued series of almost daily skirmishes and battles would 
go far beyond the purposes of this history. The services from this to the close of 
the war were almost entirely in the field, on the front, on the flank, or in the rear 
of the enemy. The success of this battalion in the attack on McCook and Brown- 
low near Newnan Station, (fa., was certainly one of the most brilliant of the war. 
Alone, with only two hundred men, it made the charge, and killed thirty-seven 
Federals and captured four hundred and fifty without loss. 

Gen. Wheeler was next ordered to the rear of the Federal army for the pur- 
pose of breaking up communications and disturbing Sherman's supply resources. 
While passing through East Tennessee, the Ninth Battalion, with Baxter Smith's 
Fourth Tennessee Cavalry, was detached from the main body of Gen. Wheeler's 
forces for the purpose of operating on the Chattanooga railroad. A lively engage- 
ment occurred with the enemy in passing Tracy City, where the battalion suffered 
severely. After long marches, great privations, etc., the battalion tried to rejoin 
Gen. Wheeler, but was prevented from doing so by the fact that he had crossed 
the Tennessee River before the battalion reached it. The battalion then attached 
itself to the command of Gen. Forrest, and was with him on one of his famous 
raids in Tennessee, assisting in the capture of Sulphur Trestle and other points; 
then with Gen. Forrest crossed Tennessee River, rejoining Gen. Wheeler at Blue 
Mountain, Ala. 

A large number of recruits having joined Co. C during the raid into Tennessee, 
it became necessary to form a new company, which was done. Lieut. A. A. Lips- 
comb was promoted to its Captaincy, Second Lieut. I). S. Johnson to the First 
Lieutenancy, and privates S. H. Bratton and John W. Kinzer were elected respect- 
ively as Second and Junior Second Lieutenants. The vacancies in Co. C were 
filled — Hal Wray and Richard Grimes Second and Junior Second Lieutenants. 
This new company became Co. G, giving Maury county another company in the 
battalion. 

After rejoining Gen. Wheeler, this battalion participated in all the engagements 
with Gen. Sherman on his noted "march to the sea." It then followed him into 
North Carolina, where at Bentonville it fought its last fight. 

When Gen. Hood made his incursion into Tennessee a number of the Ninth 
were sent in with him for the purpose of getting recruits for it. These men, with 
the recruits and a few other soldiers who had been separated from this command, 
after crossing back over the Tennessee River with Hood's army, were assigned the 
duty of accompanying and guarding the wagon-train of the Army of Tennessee 
from a point in Mississippi to Salisbury, N. C. From this point this portion of 



Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls. 753 



the battalion was ordered northward to watch the movements of die Federal cav- 
alry, which was threatening the communications of our army. While this de- 
tachment, with a similar one from the First Tennessee Regiment of Cavalry, was 
encamped near Henry Court-house, A'a., it was surprised and attacked by a large 
body of Federal cavalry. Their advance, however, was checked by the rapid fir- 
ing of a few of our men who happened to have their arms by them. This gave 
Col. Wheeler and Maj. Akin time to mount most of the men and form them, 
which was done, thus enabling the men to retreat in order. Every man of the 
advance-guard of the Federals was killed except one. This detachment joined 
the battalion near Salisbury, N. C., and all together were surrendered in the capit- 
ulation made by C4en. Johnston, and were paroled near Charlotte, N. C. The list 
of officers at the close of the war was: Maj'. Jas. H. Akin, commanding the bat- 
talion; Adjt. Chas. V. Cyrus; Capt. Frank J. McLean,